The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899, September 03, 1896, Image 1

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    The Sioux County Journal
Ktcapc from a Mrteor.
A meteor, weighing nearly four and
b half pounds, fell 111 an orchard ne-ar
Namur, In Hi'lgium, on April 13, nar
rowly missing a young workman. The.
meteor penetrated twenty Inches Into
the ground.
Klectro-Maviietic Velocity.
llecent experiments by Monsieur
Illondot on tlie rate of propagation ()f
an electro-magnetic ellsturleaiii-e along
a wire showed, according to one series
of te-sts, a velocity of 14.1.'! miles per
second, and according to another series.
In which the distance traversed wan
nearly twice an groat, 1x5.177 miles per
peco'id. The velocity of light In about
1NG.3W) miles per second.
The Swlniflnix Knrtli.
It Is known that the poles of the
enrth, Instead of remaining fixed In po-
fsltlon, revolve In small circles, or curvc-n
which are ne-arly circles, In a period of
427 days, and that another motion of
revolution, considerable shorter, also
afflicts the position of the pole. The
cause of this "wobbling" Is not known,
but 1'rof. Slnmn Newcomb 1ms recent
ly suggested that It may be due to cur
rents In the oceans and In the ntmofe
pliers affecting (he equilibrium of the
Thi Traveler Tree.
Monsieur lture-nu, a French traveler,
dispose of the old stories about the
"traveler' tree," In Madagascar, which
lias been represented as a great boon
to thirsty wanderers on account of the
water stored In Its cup-shape-el leaf
stalks. lie says the tree grows only
when1 there Is a plentiful supply of
water, and where rain falls frequently
nil the year round, and that since tin
leaves are situated at the top of the
trees, which are very tall, the thirsty
traveler would have dlllictilty In reach'
lug them, even If It were necessary to
do so In order to find water.
Nature Worked Hack wnrl.
An Interesting story of a reversal of
the ordinary course of nature, which
cost a market gardener dear. Is told by
Miss Ormerod. the English natunijlst
Watercress Is eagerly devoured by cud
dis worms, but caddis worms are a fa
vorite food of trout. The trout In turn
have a voracloiw enemy In herons,
which ordinarily catch the llsh after
they ha vo grown fat on caddis worms.
Iteceiitly It happened tluit a large grow
er of watercress had three-quarter of
Ills crop mined by the ravages of cad
dis worms. On investigation It was
found that the trout, which ordinarily
protected the plants from the worms,
had been devoured, ahead of time, so to
peak, by a flock of hungry herons,
which In thus reversing tin- course of
events, had brought disaster to the own
er of the watercress.
A Steam Wrd.
Trof. S. I'. Iingley, the secretary of
the Smithsonian Institution, has con
ntructed a flylng-mnchine, driven by u
steam engine carried by the machine!
which made two successful flights at
Occoqunn, Va., oil May 0. The machine!
is nut largo enough to carry a man, and
Is only Intended as a model for experi
ment. It, is called aerodrome, mean
ing "air-runner." Its framework Is of
eMeel, and the length of Its wings, or
aeroplanes, from tip to tip Is fourteen
feet. No gas Is used to lift the machine,
hc ascensional force being derived
from proS'llers driven by the portable
fcteam engine; and this force Is made
effective through the shape and pltcji of
the wings. In the air the aerodrome
resembles an enormous bird sailing In
broad, regular curve and gradually
rising. When the steam gives out the
machine, Instead of tumbling headlong
to the earth, settles down gently and
right side up. The engine! used at pres
ent is capable of driving the aerodrome
about half a mile. On account of I'rof.
I-angley's high standing In the world
of science great Interest has lieon
aroused In his experiments.
The Color of Water.
The fact Is generally known that pure
water appears blue when light Is trans
mitted through a sufficient thickness of
It, and that when opaque particles are
suspended In It the hue of the water Is
greenish. Itut while pure water looks
bluo when light passes freely through
It, yet when It Is contained In a deep,
opaque receptacle, like the basin of n
lake, or the ocean, It ought to alisorb
nil light and look black. Experience
f-hows, however, that the deepest parts
of the Mediterranean, for Instance-, ap
pear not black but Intensely blue. This
has been supposed to be caused by ml
l.ute particle held in suspension, but
the recent experiment of I'rof. Spring
at Cleg suggest a different explana
tion, lie has found that warmer cur
rent passing through pure water In
terrupt It transparency, even when the
difference of temperature la verj alight.
Such currents may cause deep water to
appear blue by reflecting light back
from Its depths through the transparent
layers aliove. This, It is suggestet, ex
plains the fact that freeh water lakes
are more transparent In winter than In
summer, because In winter currents of
heated water are not traversing them.
Even the shadow of a mountain falling
on a hike may Increase the transpar
ency of the water by cooling the surface.
Stereotype Casting: Apparatus.
Clias. M. Couley, for years an expert
stereotyper and at present foreman of
the stere-otyis? foundry of the Chicago
Newspaper I'nloii, has perfected ami
patented an Invention to automatically
operate means for hx-king together the
cover ami matrix-bed of a stereotype
casting box preparatory to the casting
operation, and In like manner automat
ically to unlock the parts when the
cast plate Is alsiut to be removed. Pro
vision Is made at different portions of
the box against springing anl warping
of the parts In use, thus not only avoid
ing the danger of leakage of the molten
metal, but also Insuring a perfect onst
plate product. The Invention is one
of grecit value, as it not only save time',
but protects workmen from Injury and
make-s jsisslble a better grade of work.
The nce-ompanyllig cut will clearly Il
lustrate the Improvement to the skilled
Childish Diplomacy.
We all know the child's aptness In
"easing" the pressure of commands
and prohibitions. ' If, for example, he be
told to keep perfectly ellli-t lee-cuuse
mother or father wants ti sleep, he will
prettily plead fer the reservation of
whispering ever so ttoftly. If he Is bid
den not to ask for tilings nt the table,
he will resort to sly, Indire-ct reminders
of what he' wants, as when a lsiy of five
years anil a half whlspi-ri'd audibly, "I
hope somelKidy will offer me some more
soup," or when a girl of thre-i- years and
a half with still greater e-hlldish tae-t
observed on se-elng the elder folk e-atltig
cake, "I not asking." This last may be
compared with a story told by Rous
seau of a little girl of six years who,
having eaten of all the dishes but one',
artfully Indlcafe-d the fact by pointing
In turn tee all the- dishes, saying, "I have
eaten that," but carefully passing by
the iiutaste'd one.
Whe'ii nieire ditlle-ult duties come to be
enforced ami the neophyte In the higher
morality Is bidden to be considerate for
othe-rs, and even to tea crl lice his javn
comfort for theirs, he Is apt to manifest
a goesl deal of skill In adjusting the
counsel of perfection to young weak
ness. Here Is an amusing example: A
little; beiy, Edgar by name, age-d five
ycars and three quarters, was geilng out
to take tea with somes little glrLs. The
mother, an Is usual on such oe-asions,
primed him with special directions as
to India vlor. saying, "Remember to give
way to them, like father does to me."
To which Kdgar, after thinking a brief
Instant, replied: "Oh, but not all at once.
You have to persuade him."-I'rof. .las.
Fireproof Paper.
I. Kroboen, of Berlin, Oormnny,
shows the production of a valuable ar
ticle for Industrial ami other purjmsos,
Ninety-five parts of asbestos fibre of
the lmst quality are washes In a solu
tion of permanganate of calcium, and
then treated with sulphuric ne-bl, which
bleach) the fibre. Afte'r treating the
fibre thus, five; parts of ground wood
pulp are aeldcd and the entire mass put
In the! agitating bex, with the addition
of lime water and tsirax. After being
thoroughly mlxeel the material Is pump
ed Into a regulating box and alloweil
to flow out of a gate on to an enilloss
wire eloth, where It enters the usual
paper-making machinery. It Is reiorteel
(hat paper treated thus will resist even
the direct Influence of a flame, and may
be placed In a white heat with Impu
nity. Ordinary lil;r may bo made lire
proof by treating with a fluid coin)MNfd
of 33 parts manganate of chloride), iio of
orthophosphortc acid, 12 parts carleon
ate of uiagnewluiu, 10 of boric add, and
25 of chloride of ammonia to a quart of
water. Taper saturated thoroughly
with this solution will resist great heat.
Watts Been reaellng anything about
these Cuban afrocltU;s? Potts No.
I've got a box of them at home yt
that my wife bought three months age
from an alleges! smuggler. Cincinnati
No wonder beea are orotltable: the
teal all they cat from the neighbors.
The Farmer Should Pot a Fair Value
on Ilia Time and Labor Be Equal
to Any Emergency Value of Timely
Cultivation Farm Notea.
What la a Farmer'a Time Worth?
What Is a farmer's time worth? That
depends uis.n the farmer, but It Is cer
tainly a poor farmer w ho has uo right
to pay for his knowledge of the busi
ness ami his mauagi-ineut The work
er In any department of skilled labor
Is paid "for "knowing how." I'urely
manual labor rarely get more than
enough for subsiste-nce. This Is a well
known law of wages that leaels one to
desire that his friends de-pend upon
something more remunerative than
mere manual labor only. Then shall
the farmer have no credit except for
the actual Held labor performed, at
the rates received by his hauels? This
is manifestly unfair, and yet on this
basis are estimates usually made;.
A merchant or manufacturer, con
trolling an amount of capital no great
er than is often found In farms, allows
himself a fixed salary, and It is charged
against the business. This salary, of
course;, varies, but Is several times
greater than the wage with which the
farmer credits himself. It now- re
quires as much training and good man-age-menl
to run a farm well as it does
to run any otlu-r ordinary business. A
doe-tor or' lawyer, whe-n only a tyro,
charges for his time several dollars a
day, and ve-ry often his education and
training has e-ost less than that of the
farmer, who may have learned soine
tlilng In the schools and more ly x
perlence that dearly. The time
of the farmer who thinks ami plans
to some should be accounted
worth as inui-h te hltn as that of men
In otlu-r occupations who use no more
skill, education and good Judgment.
If this Is correct, many of the esti
mates of the e-ost of production of
crops, and of the Interest em Invest
ment paid by farmers are inaccurate.
Certain qualifications are worth very
well determlne-d wages, ami their pos
sessors should' charge their lined lies
with their time at such rotes. Only In
this way can they te-H what their lu
vesleil capital Is paying.
Skilled lalsirers ge-t from Sf2 or A
dav upwarel. If farme-rs credited their
farms with house re-nt, table supplies,
use of carriage, etc., as they should
do, there would be meere apparent pos
sibility of allowing themselves a fair
wage 'for the-ir time; but whether any
sum exists for paying it or not. Uncharge-
for management Is a legitimate
one ami should be made In all farm
accounts. If the results of a ye-ar's
work he maele public. It is unfair to
give an estimate eif cost of production,
or of the- profit In farming, that does
not Include- this Item of management nt
n figure eepial to what It would be
worth In either occupations. Such rat
ing of one's time Is not only the fair
thing to dee, but it may help lis to real
ize that farming Is not merely a man
ual pursuit. Country Gentleman.
Kqnnl to Kmericency.
Perhaps thousanels of your rcnili-rs In
all iMirts of the; country will me-c-t with
some kind of nil emergency every year,
and they will be of all klnels, ami no
rule can be laid down further than to
be ready and etile k to decide what to
dei when. anything -nii be; done. I have
In mind a friend In a neighboring
State, whose wheat field Is now five
feet under water. The seilutloti of his
difficulty will certainly be very dif
ferent from mine, whe-n my whe-at fle-hl
has had but an Inch ami a quarter of
rainfall uixin It In two months. While
we may not always know what to eh),
there Is one thing not to be done; that
Is, folel our hamls nue sit down and
grumble. Since I was seventeen, or
for thlrty-feitir years, I have manage'd
a farm In the West, and there has al
ways been a partial way out of every
emergency In the crop line (hat has
come before us.
Each section, or possibly each farm,
must be a law to Itself, but If the farm
er Is wide awake to the opportunity be
fore him, can generally find some creep
that can partially or wholly fill the
place of the one; lost. J. M. Rice, In
Farm News.
Value of Timely Cnltl vatinn.
Now that the growing season Is here
everyone who hiut any crop in the;
ground should endeavor to make; the
most of It, if It admits of cultivation,
as do most garden productions, ami a
number of field crops, it was I.leblg,
the German chemist, who salel that "till
age is manure." Many do not
this, thinking that cultivation lit
feir the destruction of weeds, which
Is true, but of secondary importance.
The llrst consideration Is the benefit
derived from the turning of the soil,
weeds or no weeds. This should be
done; frequently, and besides, after
every rain as soon an the ground be
comes dry enough.
In addition to the cultivator and
bhovel plow and hoe there are a num
ber of Implement that tend to make
the work more convenient For liand
labor, the garden rake la valuable, and
for more Intricate work clone to grow
ing plants the little tool with five benl
fingera a kinel of Iron hand is excel
lent. The cont at the Implement Bteres
is but a trifle-, or It could be maele by a
hanely blac ksmith.
The Instruction given to the student
of oratory In ancient times wan "action,
action, ae-tieui." With the good garden
er this is transformed into "Cultivate!
Cultivate!! Cultivate!:.'" The National
Kutlir Corn aa a Feed.
As many ef the readers of the Breed
er will raise their own grain feed for
their poultry, they must be interested
In knowing the worm of Kaflir corn as
a poultry feed.
We; have hael two years' experience
with it and find it par excellence. It is
good for little chicks or old fowls. The
grain is s-nalle-.r than wheat, and little
chicks w ill begin to eat It by the time
they ,re a week olel, and will grow like
magic. They are very fond of It, and
the music they make while devouring
It Is enough to gladden the heart of
any chic ken crank. Their little croim
will stie k out till you will almost think
there are two chicks instead of one; a
sort of Siamese twins, as It were;. But
don't worry alsiut them; they will not
be ereip bound, for the Kaffir corn does
not sucll In their crops. It has this
rare quality tei such a degree that, even
though it be soaked in water over night,
It does not swell.
As a feed for laying hens we have
found It as good as the best of grains.
And for moulting season, we have nev
er fed anything that is near Its equal.
We never have had hens Lay so well
during this period aa when fed on
Katfir corn.
, We think so much of this grain as a
poultry food tlmt, were we living In the
t-lty, where we could not raise it, we
would hire some one to rniise it for us,
if we could not buy It at the feed store.
The 1st of May Is the time to plant it,
iinel It should be planted and cultivated
like our common everyday corn.
It Is cniiable of yielding from twenty
five to fifty bushi-ls of grain per acre,
according to the season and culture.
(Jive It a trial this year. If your
8 ' "eaier asKS you too mucli Tor rnoNogter" of Christendom-It is custom
seed, most any friend you may have lnlnry for them to be paraded round the
chi.-eiionia win senei vein ail tnc; seed
you will need If you wlU pay, tho tranH-l-ortation.
C. V. Mulkey, in Western
Poultry Journal.
Old Apple Trees.
theory Is (1uite prevalent among
many fanners that apple trees should
be cut down when they cease to be pro
ductive In consequence of the decay
of the branches. Oftentimes ami in
most case-s such trees can be restored
to a vigorous growth ami healthy bear
ing condition by cutting away the olel
decayed portion anil allowing new
branches to take their place. This will
nearly always follow when tho trees
are well cared for and a liberal supply
of potash be given them.
I saw nil apple tree recently on Or
chard Hill in the town of Kensington,
in this State;, that was the last remain
ing tree of an orchard set out ninety
years ago. All of the; other trees were
cut down thirty-five years ago. This
one, bearing a favorite apple, by the
pleading of a largo family of children,
was allowed to remain. Of late years
the ground around it has been culti
vated and It Is n constant bearer. It Is
nowcoverecU-iTha itense errcen" folic
and the limbs have made a growth this
v.r ,.f nv,.r .. (W lea n,l!H,.n (v-
day shows the fi
folly of cutting clown
they ceaae to grow and
trees as soon as t hev to crow
bear fruit. I ,m? disrespectfully of school rules be-
Plow around them, or where this can-1 fore ,1"'lr 'MM- A mistake in met Il
licit be done use a spring tooth harrow. 0,1 of (liw'iIll,11( Is t likely to be so
Mulch them well and put on a good . mischievous in Its results as a spirit of
supply of muriate of potnh, cut off the ' r,,,M'"",n against authority nourished In
olel, decaying, moss-covered branches, I ,ho 'llill,'s h'art Iifiission of teach
grow out a new top of smooth wood, I rs nU(l thpir n''asires should be held
and you will sewn have the pleasure of i in Private; if they are thoroughly wrong
se-elng Inrge smooth fruit growing.
where' once were only small Inferior ap
ples. Age has but little to do with causing
a tree to decay. One of the apple trees
set out by the Arcadians more than
ITsl years ago Is still standing near their
old home at Grand Pre. N. S.. and in
1W4 was loaded with fruit Orange
Farm Notea.
In an Arlzonn bulletin a writer says:
"In feeding forty or fifty cows I used
sugar beets and added a certain quan
tity of corn meal. I Increased the quiin-
tlty of milk five to eight gallons a day
and also the; quantity of cream.
People who scrape and sexmr theli
trees Just for the hxiks of It, and leave
the loose bark on the ground where it
falls, are aiding the enemy. If tliefre are
any insects among the bark they are
there still and out of sight of birds. j
It Is n common belief of farmers
working small areas, and who fan
only make ends meet, that if they
Irnel more; lan.l they could make mow
money. The feet. In the ram do nol
bear them out If a small farm Is nol
made a success, the same management
given a larger one will but Increase tin:
losses as a general rule.
Burn everything on the farm that
serves as harboring places for Insects
Hy so doing thoro will be fewer Insect
next year and less work to do. Canei
of blackberries should always be con
signed to the flames In order to destroj
the borer, and all diseased limbs and
branches of trees should b treated in
tbe Mine manner.
A Mooriab College la a Very Simple
Affair-Parenta Should Not Foater a
Spirit of Kebellion Againat School
k uiea General Educational Matter
Kdncation in Morocco,
A Moorish "college" is a simple affair
no seats; uo desks; a few books. For
beginners, boards about the size of
feiolse-ap, whitened on both sides with
clay, take the place of book, paper, and
slate. On these the various le-ssons,
from the alphabet to the Koran, are
plainly written in large black le-tters.
A switch or two, a sand-box in lieu of
blotter, and a leook or two complete the
paraphernalia. The dominie squats on
the ground, tailor fashion, as do his
pupils before him. They, from ten to
thirty in number, imitate him as he re
peats the lesson in a sonorous sing-song
voice, accompanying the words by a
rocking to and fro, which sometimes
euable-s them to ke-ep time. A sharp
aplie-ation of the switch to bare pate
or shoulder is wonderfully effective in
rivalling wandering attention, and real
ly lazy boys are speedily expelled.
Girls, as a rule, ge-t no schooling at all.
On the admission of a pupil the par
ents iay some small sum, varying ac
cording to their means, and every
Wednesday, which is a half holiday,
a payment is made; of from half a cent
to five cents. New moons and feast
days are maile occasions for the giving
of larger sums, as are also holidays,
which last ten days in the case of the
greater festivals. Thursdays are whole
holidays, and no work is done on Fri
day mornings, that day being the
Mohammedan Sabbath, or at least
"meeting-day," as it is called.
After learning the letters and figures,
the youngsters set about committing
the Koran to memory. When the first
chapter is mastered the one which
with them corresponds to the "I'ater
t..u-n i,M,.i,u,.i,
with ear-splitting
music, and sometimes charitably dis
posed persons make small presents to
the young studi-nts by way af encoiir
agenient After the first chapter the
last is learned, then the last but one;
nQd so ou backwards to the.second, as,
with the exception of the first, the
loiigiwt chanters are at the beglnningr
Harper's Magazine.
Obedience to Rightful Authority.
A 1iit of canely or cake surreptlously
given to a child, from whom these un
necessary articles are usually kept, not
only disturbs the stomach that would
be the least part of It but suggests a
course of conduct which is unlimited in
its possibilities of evil, for a luxurv
harmless and even advantageous in
itself, given in disregard of rightful
authority, becomes an evil. Reverence
for law, obedience to rightful authority,
are most necessary In tse days of in-depe-ndeiice,
ami anything which dis
turbs such reverence and obedience,
however harmless In Itself, should be
scrupulously avoided. So far as an
outsider Is concerned parental rules for
the child are absolutely inflexible, and
I olieelie-nce to his fother and mother's
I (lir,'(;'i,onH 8,'ou,tl 1P m,l,,, as easf as
possum; lO llllll
A similar principle
' H""uI1 '""XT'il' 'n regard to teach
' ''rH' ,'Hr,'ntN are too careless in speak
the child should be removed from tliei
school; if on the whole' good, the errors
should be excused. Ladies' Home
Some Tench l-i'h Not Kit,
Some teachers have acquired the best
of education, but are no more fit to
train or teach our children In the
schools than a hawk is to care for a
brood of chickens; for as a hawk Is at
all times ready to seize its prey so are
some teachers ready to give vent to
their angry passion on some little child.
Children are ruled at home by loving
parents, and through respect and love
they are easily controlled; but when
they find that their teacher has not In
terest enough to sometimes be seen with
them on the play ground, or hand In
ha nil with some little tot on the street,
they soon begin to think they are un
der no obligation to obey. I know of
teachers with twenty scholars who
don't find time to solve a problem nor
for three or four days time to teach
writing, and who keep little children
sitting perfectly Idle for hours at a
tIme DPf.anKe they don't have time to
wn8te on th(,rn. . Now It Is the nature of
Lh,Mn.n t0 be bufty) aml jf not ,h
wise employed of course they will be
Into mischief. We have some noble
men and women In our schools and
with them as teachers our children soon
learn to be something more than "boo
bies," I believe care should be taken
to employ teachers who are adapted
to lend children Into their school work
with Interest and, too, that teachers
should be of noble characters. Parents
should become acquainted with those
who teach their children and nave a
true interest in the progress of educa
tion in their localities. I think this is
a very Important matter. Parent.
What Mar He Expected.
Book and magazine publishers pour
out a stream of literature on all the
subjects that pertain to the welfare of
the human being from the time to.!
child is an hour old until it is twenty
years of age. There are charts publish
ed to reword the weight, height, speech,
motions, consciousness, etc., etc., of the
Infant, and the whole mass of such lit
erature is for the teacher written by
teachers, addressed to other teachers
no word of the parent. At this rate of
progress toward making the school
room the center of all human activity,
civilization and development in the
course of a few years the teacher will
be expected to be a specialist In the
field of me-dicine, of the eye, ear, and
throat; an adept In mental science, nor
mal and abnormal; a sanitary engineer
up to date on every modern appliance
of heating, ventilating, lighting, seat
ing; an authority on personal hygiene,
clothing and corrective gymnastics;
and a part of her daily duty will be to
issue bulletins dealing with the dispo
sition of the few hours that the child
necessarily spends at home bulletins
stating the time of eating and the kind
of food to be given with a chart show
ing the psychological condition of the
child, and an analysis of the kind of
food recommended, the hour for bath
ing and sleeping, etc. Tessa L. Kelso.
Our Nation'a Mope.
Although I'm not a Senator,
Yet, still, I think that I
Can make a speech as well as one;
At least I'm going to try.
My teacher snys I'm very smart,
And to my class a cre;dit;
And, you bet, the highest prize
I'm going to try and get it
My spelling, reaeling, numbers, too,
My pennies and my dollars,
I know as well as those who wear
Their piccadilly collars.
I'm getting kind of tired now,
And hope you will excuse me
From talking any further,
Or of nonsense you'll accuse me.
I see my mamma looking, too,
From her smiling I infer
She feels right proud of me, and I
Feel very proud of her.
I'iji;.-- '. .
Uniformity Will Dlaannenr.
The last Legislatures of Washington
enacted a ' la w requiring the " State -
P-oard of JEduetJjjn to adopt, or re
ndopf, text books for use in the public
schools of the State, provided that the
retail prices of the books adopted
should not exceed two-thirds of the re
tail prices of the books heretofore In
use. No proposals were received for
high school books, except in the case
of physiologies, that came within the
legal restriction; hence none were
adopted except physiologies, leaving
all high schools to use what they may
see fit on all other subjects. Uniform
ity, which has existed dnring the last
five years, will probably disappear as
a resnlt of the operation of this law.
Educational News. . v T
I)on't Stop Growine.
The teacher who stops growing be
gins to lose teaching power. There
are many petty annoyances which as
sail every teacher; and usually some
one or nieire serious drawbacks to one's
intellectual vitality. All these can be
more than counterbalanced by the in
spiriting effects of new Intellectual ac
tivity. If that is wanting, the friction
becomes galling, the pleasure of the
daily work is Impaired, the teacher
loses cheerfulness and energy and the
old measure of success. The end of
the year is a good time to determine
that, whatever else is unattained in the
coming twelvemonth, there must and
shall be a healthful, Intellectual growth.
Martin Kellogg. 'tj
Off for rchool. .
Oh! mamma, mamma, it's half past eight!
Where are my rtibbe-rs? I shall be late;
And where is my pencil? I know just
'. laid it down, but it isn't there.
Oh! here is my bug with my books all
I'm rind that my lessons were learned
last night:
And now I'm off here's a kiss good
bye. Torpedo lor Grave Ghouls.
The coffin torpedo is the latest device
to foil the grave robber. i
Of late years the practice of despoil
ing graves has become so widespread
that every effort lias beeu put forth to
flno some means to end It. It is be
lieved the present Invention will
achieve that purpose.
This new contrivance Is a regulation
bomb, as deadly as any ever invented
by anarchistic genius. It Is placed In
the casket just previous to Interment,
and after It Is placed hi position and
the lid of the casket screwed down, It
will be an exceedingly dangerous un
dertaking to attempt to force the cas
ket oien. The lid of the closed coffin
presses down a spring. Raising this
lid, even In slight degree, releases thj
spring, causing It to strike a percussion
cap. The resulting explosion of tha
cap also explodes the bomb, and, white
the concussion would wrench the cas
ket, It Is almost Impossible for the per
son who Is trying to open the casket ta
escape Instant death. New York Jour
nal, i