The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899, May 09, 1895, Image 1

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    The Sioux County Journal,
VOLUME VII.
HAKKISON, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, MAY 9, 1895.
NUMBER 35.
TALMA GFS SERMON.
ELOQUENT DISCOURSE AT THE
ACADEMY IN NEW YORK.
Th Oraat Preacher on Influence,
Temptation u4 the Wllea of the
Worl4-Urg of the Good Ansel end
the Bed.
After the Battle.
There It no diminution In tba rait num
ber tbet aeseinble from Sunday to Hun
day In the Academy at New York to
llaten to the eloquent sermon of Rev. Dr.
Talmafe. Laat Sunday he choae for hia
aubject "After the Battle." tbe telt select
ed being I. Samuel uiL, 8, "And it came
to peaa on the morrow, whan th I'liHis
tlna came to atrtp tha "lain, that they
found 8a al and bia three aona fallen In
Mount Ollboa."
Some of you were at South Mountain or
Shlloh, or Ball'a Bluff, or Oettysburg, on
northern or southern side, and I ask you
If there ia any sadder sight than a bat
tlefield after the guna have atopped firing?
I walked acroas tbe fit-Id of Anlletam just
after the conflict- The acene was to sick
ening I ahall not describe it. Every valu
able thing had been taken from the bodies
of the dead, for there are alwaya vultnrea
hovering over and "around about an army,
and thar nick us the watchee and the
memorandum books, and the letters, and
the daguerreotypes, and the bats and the
coats, applying them to their own u
The dead make no resistance. So there
are always camp followers going on and
after an army, as when Scott went down
into Mexico, as when Napoleon marched
up toward Moscow, as when Von Moltke
went to Sedan. There la a almllar eceoe
In sy tezt
Where Heal Ley Dead.
Seal and hia army had been horribly cot
to piece. Mount Qllsoe was a early
with tha dead. On the morrow the atreg
arters came on to tba field, and they lifted
the latchet of the helmet from under the
chin of tha dead, and they picked up the
words and bent them on their knee to teat
the tamper of the metal, and they opened
the wallet and coon ted the coin. Saul
lay dead along the ground, eight or nine
feet in length, and I suppose the coward
ly Philistine, to show their bravery,
leaped upon the trunk of hia carcass and
Jeered at the fallen slain and whistled
through the mouth of hia helmet. Before
night those cormoranta had taken every
thing valuable from the field. "And It
came to pass on the morrow, when the
Philistine came to atrip the alaln, -that
they found Saul and hia three aona fallen
In Moont Qilboa."
Before I get through to-day I will ahow
you that tbe aame process is going on all
the world over and every day, and that
when men have fallen satan and the
world, so far from pitying them or helping
them, go to work remorselessly to take
what little there ia left, thua atripplng the
alain.
There are tena of thousands of young
men every year coming from the country
to our great cities. They come with brave
hearts and grand expectations. The
country lada sit down in the village gro
cery, with their feet on tbe iron rod
around the redhot stove in the evening
talking over the prospects of the young
man who has gone off to the city. Two
or three of them think that perhaps ho
may get along very well and succeed, but
the most of them prophesy failure, fur It
ia very bard to think that those whom
we knew In boyhood will ever make any
great success in the world.
The Battle of Temptation.
But our young man has a fine position
In a dry goods store. The month is over
lie gels his w ages. He is not accustomed
to have so much money belonging to him
eelf. lie ia a little excited and does not
know exactly what to do with it, and be
epends it In aome place where be ought
not. Soon there come np new companions
and acquaintances from the barrooms and
the saloons of the city. Soon that young
man begins to waver In the battle of
temptation, and soon his sou I goes down.
In a few months or few years he baa
fallen. II ia morally dead. lie la a mere
corpse of what be once was. The harpies
-of sin so uff np the taint and come on the
field. His garment gradually give out
lie haa pawned hia watch. Hi health la
falling him. Hia credit perishes. He is
too poor to stay in tha city, and he la too
poor to pay hi way home to the country.
Down, down! Why do the low fellow of
the city now stick to him so closely? Is
it to help him back to a moral and spirit
ua! life? Oh, no; I will tell you why they
atay; they are Philistine atripplng the
eiain
Do not look where I point, but yonder
stands a man who once bad a beautiful
home In this city. His house had elegant
furniture, hia children were beautifully
clad, his name wa synonymous with hon
or and usefulness, but evil habit knocked
at hia front door, knocked at hia back
door, knocked at hia parlor door, knocked
at his bedroom door. Where is the piano?
Sold to pay the. rent Where ia the hat
rack? Sold to meet the butcher's bill.
Where are the carpets? Hold to get
bread. Where Is the wardrobe? Sold to
get rum. Where are the daughters?
Working their finger oh In trying to
cep the family together. Worse and
.v.rsa until everything is Bone. Who is
Hit going up the front steps of that
1 nise? That la a creditor, hoping to find
mie chair or "bed that has not been
l.-vled upon. Who are those two gentle
n n nov going up the front steps? The
! is a couetable. the other is the sheriff.
Why do they go there? The unfortunate
h morally dead, socially dead, financially
dra-1. Why do they go there? I will tell
yon why the creditors, and the constables
and the nerifie go there. They are some
n nelr two account, and some on ac
count of tb law stripping the alain.
Crswded All His Life.
An e-meober of Congress. ,. nf th.
mo eloqueit men that ever stood In the
House of Rreeeatatives, ,,ld , hg
momnnt: 'Jth tBd. i ,m ,
borro
owed aneet, ia a sea ballt by public
charity. Bury me under that tree In tbe
middle of the field, where I shall not be
crowded, for I have been crowded all my
life." Where were the Jolly politiclana
and the dissipating comrades who had
been with him laughing at hia Jokes, ap
plauding hia eloquence and plunging him
into sin? They have left. Why? Hia
money Is gone, his reputation 1 gone, hi
wit is gone, his clothe are gone, every
thing 1 gone. Why hould they atay any
longer? They have completed their work.
They have stripped tbe alain.
There i another way, however, of do
ing that aame work. Here ia a man who,
through hi ln, I protrate. He ac
knowledge that he haa done wrong. Now
la the time for you to go to that man and
aay, "Thousand of people have been as
far astray as you are and got back. Now
ia the time for you to go to that man and
tell him of the omnipotent grace of God
that is sufficient for any poor soul. Now
Is the time to go to tell him how swearing
John Bunyan, through the grace of Uort,
afterward came to the celestial city. Now
is the time to go to that man and tell him
how profligate Newton came, through con
version, to be a world renowned preacher
of righteousness. Now is the time to tell
that man that multitude who have been
pounded with all tbe flails of sin and drag
ged through all the sewers of pollution at
last have risen to positive dominion of
moral power.
You do not tell him that, do you? No.
You aay to him: "Loan you money? No.
You are down. You will have to go to
the dogs. Lend you a dollar? I would
not lend you five cent to keep you from
the gallowa. Yon are debauched. Get
out of my sight now. Down. You will
have to stay down." And thu those
bruised and battered men are sometimes
accosted by those who ought to lift them
np. Tbu th laat vestige of hope is taken
from them. Thus those who onght to go
and lift and save them are guilty of
atripplng the alaln.
The point I want to make la this: Bin
is hard, cruel and merciless. Instead of
helping a man up it helps him down, and
when, like Saul and hia comrades, yon lis
on th field, it will come and steal year
sword and helmet and shield, leaving you
to the Jackal and crow,
IsUs'i Work.
But tbe world and sataa do not do all
their wort with the outcast and abandon
ed. A respectable Impenitent man comes
to die. He is flat on his hack. He could
not get up if tbe house wa on fire. Adroit'
est medical akill and gentlest nursing
have been a failure. He baa come to his
last hour. What doe satao do for uch
a man ? Why, he fetches np all the Inapt,
disagreeable and harrowing things in his
life. He says: "Do you remember those
chances yon had for heaven and missed
them? Do you remember all those lapse
In conduct? Do you remember all those
opprobrious words and thoughts nod ac
tions? Don't remember them, eh 7 I II
make you remember them." And then
he takea all the paat and emptiea it on
that deathbed, aa the mailbaga are emp
tied on the poet office floor. The man I
Ick. He cannot get away from them.
Then the man aaya to satan: "You
have deceived me. You told me that all
would be well. You said there would be
no trouble at the last Xou told me, if I
did so and so you would do so and so.
Now you corner me, and hedge me up,
and submerge me In everything evil."
"Ha, ha!" Ry satan. T waa only fool
ing you. It is mirth for me to see you
Buffer. I have been for thirty years plot
ting to get you jut where you are. It Is
hard for you now. It will be worse for
yon after awhile. It pleases me. Lie
still, sir. Don't flinch or shudder. Come,
now, I will tear off from you the last rag
of expectation. I will rend away from
your soul the last hope. I will leave you
bnre for the beating of the atorm. It is
my bnainoaa to strip the slain."
While men are in robust health, and
their digestion ia good, and their nerves
are strong, they think their physical
strength will get them safely through the
laat exigency. They aay It la only coward
ly women who are afraid at the laat and
cry out for God. "Walt till I come to die.
I will ahow you. You won't hear me
pray, nor call for a minister, nor want a
chapter read me from tbe Bible." But
after the man haa been three week In a
Irk room hi nerve are not so steady,
and hi worldly companion are not any
where near to cheer him up, and he la
persuaded that he must quit life. His
physical courage la all gons.
Too Late.
He Jumps at the fall of a teaspoon In a
saucer. He ahivers at the idea of going
away. He aays: "Wife, I don't think my
Infidelity la going to take me through. For
God' aake, don't bring up the children to
do aa I have dona. If you feel like it.
I wiah you would read a verse or two out
of Fannie' Sabbath school hymn book
or New Testament." But satan break In
and aaya: "You have alwaya thought re
ligion trash and a lie. Don't give up at
the last. Beaidea that you cannot, in the
hour yon have to live, get off on that
track. Die as you lived. With my great
bluck wings I shnt out that light Die In
'darkness. I rend away from yon that laat
vestige of hope. It ia my business to atrip
the slain."
A man who had rejected Christianity
and thought it all trash came to die. He
was iu the sweat of a great agony, and his
wife said, "We had better have some
prayer. "Mary, not a brent li or that,"
he anld. "The lightest word of prayer
would roll back on me like rocks on a
drowning man. I have come to the hour
of tent. I had a chance, but I forfeited
It. I believed lu a liar, and he has left
me in the lurch. Mary, bring me Tom
Paine, that book that I swore by and lived
by, and pitch It into the fire, and let it
burn and burn as I myself shall soon
burn." And then, with the foam on hia
lip and his hands tossing wildly in the air,
he cried out: "Wnekness of darkness!
Oh, my (Sod, too late!" And the spirits
of darkness whistled up from the depth
and wheeled around and around him,
atripplng th alaln.
Sin la a luxury now. It la exhlllratlon
now. It is victory now. But after awhile
It Is collision. It Is defeat It Is exter
mination. It Is Jackallsm. It Is robbing
tha dead. It la stripping the slain. Glv
it np to-day give It up. Oh, how you
have been cheated on, my brother, from
one thing to another! All these yeara
you have been under an evil mastery that
you understood not What have your
companiona done for you? What have
they done for your health ? Nearly ruin
ed it by carouaal. What have they done
for your fortune? Almost scattered It by
spendthrift behavior. What have they
don for your reputation ? Almost ruined
It with good men. What have they don
for your Immortal soul? Almost Insured
It overthrow.
On to Shipwreck.
You are haatenlng on toward the con
summation of all that 1 ad. To-day you
atop and think, but It 1 only for a mo
ment, and then you will tramp on, and at
th close of this service you will go out,
and the question will be, "How did you
like tbe sermon ?" And one man will aay,
"I liked it very well," and another man
will say, "I didn't like It at all," but
neither of the answers will touch the tre
mendous fact that If impenitent you are
going at thirty knot an hour toward ahlp
wreck. Yea, you are in a battle where
you will full, and while your aurviving
relatives will take your remaining eatate,
and the cemetery will take your body, the
messenger of dnrknes will take yonr
oul and come and go about you (tripping
th (lain.
A Dtleaaaaa.
One night I saw a tragedy on tbe corner
of Broadway and Houston street. A young
man, evidently doubting as to which
direction he had better take, hia bat lifted
high enough so that you could see be 'had
an Intelligent forehead, atout chest; he
had a robust development Splendid young
man. Cultured young man. Honored
young man. Why did he stop there while
so many were going up and down? The
fact I that every man has a good angel
and a bad angel contending for the mas
tery of hia spirit and there was a good
angel and a bad angel (truggllng with
that young man' sent at the corner of
Broadway and Houston street
"Come with me," said the good angel.
"I will take yoa hosoe. I will spread sty
wings over your pillow. . I -will lovingly
escort you all through life under supernat
ural protection. 1 will bless every cup you
drink out of, every couch you rest on, e.v
ery doorway you enter. I will consecrate
your tear when you weep, yoar sweat
when you toil, and at last I will hand
o-r your grave Into the hand of th
bright angel of a Christian resurrection.
In anawer to your father's petition apd
your mother'a prayer I have been sent of
the Lord out of heavn to be your guar
dian spirit Com with me," said the
good angel In a voice of unearthly sym
phony. It waa music like that which
drop from a lute of heaven when a seraph
breathes on it "No, no," said the had
angel. "Come with me. I have some
thing better to offer. The wines I pour
are from chalice of bewitching carouaal.
The dance I lead i over floor tessellated
with unrestrained Indulgences. There I
no God to frown on the temple of, tin
where I worship. The skies are Italian.
The paths I tread are through meadows,
daisied and primrosed. Come with me.
The young man hesitated at a time when
smote the good angel Until It departed,
spreading wings through the starlight
upward and away until a door flashed
open in the sky, and forever the wing
vanished. That was the turning point In
that young man's history, for, the good
angel had flown, he hesitated no longer,
but started on a pathway which is bcauti
ful at the opening, but blasted at the
last .
Kffect of the Choice. "
The bad angel, leading the way, opened
gate after gate, and at each gate the road
became rougher and the sky more lurid
and what wus peculiar as the gate slsm
mod shut it enme to with a jar that indi
cated that it would never open. Passed
each portal, there waa a grinding of locks
and a shoring of bolts, and the scenery
on either ide of the road changed from
gardens to deserts, and the Jnne air be
came a cutting December blast, and the
bright wlnga of the bad angel turned to
aackcloth, and the eyea of light became
hollow with hopeleaa grief, and th foun
tains that at the start had tossed with
wine poured forth bubbling tears and
foaming blood, and on the right side of
the road there waa a aerpent, and the man
said to the bad angel, "What is tbat ser
pent?" and the answer was, "That a tbe
serpent of stinging remorse." On the left
side of tbe road there waa a lion, and the
man asked th bad angel, "What is that
lion?" and the answer waa, "That ia the
Hon of all devouring despair." A vulture
flew through the sky, and the man asked
th bad angel, "What ia that vulture V
and the anawer waa, "That ia the vulture
waiting for the carcasaes of the alaln."
And then the man began to try to pull off
him the folda of something that had
wound him round and round, and be said
to the bad angel, "What ia it that twists
me In this awful convulsion?" and the
answer was, "That ia the worm that never
dies." And then the man said to the bad
angel: "What does all this mean? I
trusted In what yon said at the corner of
Broadway and Houston street I trusted
It all, and why have you thus deceived
me?" Then tbe last deception fell off the
charmer, and it said: "I was Bent forth
from the pit to destroy your soul. I
watched my chance for many a long year.
When you hesitated that night on Broad
way, I gained my triumph. Now yon are
here. Ha, ha! You are here. Come,
now, let us fill these two chalices of fire
and drink together to darkness and woe
and death. Hail! Hail!" Oh, young,
man, will the good angel sent forth by
Christ or the bad angel sent forth by sin
get the victory over your soul? Their
wings are Interlocked this moment alove
you, contending for your destiny, as almve
the Apennines eagle and condor fight mid
sky. Tills hour may decide your destiny.
The pastors' college. In connection
with Spurgeon's Church, has sent out
921 persons Into the ministry; twenty
three in the paat year. Of thla number
100 have died, leaving 787 still actively
working.
WOMEN ON THE WHEEL
COSTUMES BECOMING TOTHOSE
WHO RIDE.
Divided Bkirt and Bound Walat Meets
Many of the Imperative Demands
Ordinary Bloomere Are Objection
able and Will Never Be Sanctioned.
Practical Faahlona.
New Tors correapoDdeace:
HEBE wlU
be
many more women
bicyclists this year
than last, and they
were then very
plentiful. Improve
ment In the vehicle
Itself Is responsible
for some of the In
crease, but lui
provement in worn
en's wheeling cos
tumes have done
almost as much,
Women quickly
learned that the
first consideration
waa comfort, and
then they halted. Toward the clone of
last season evidence was seen on every
nana mat tney uaa begun to more
gala, and to reach out for easy and
sensible rigs that were at the same
time slightly. Woman may be trusted
to consider her observers, and on occa
awn at considerable sacrifice of her
own comfort, but on the wheel the lat
ter point secures first place. It is still
feasible to attain both ease and good
taut In such dresses, and these descrip
tions, counted with the artist's sketch
as, will snake clear how th trick
dona. . There hi necessarily variety In
the coa tames because of tbe wide rmnf
of taste.
. Tha rif beside the Initial meet many
f th Imperative demands. It consists
of a divided skirt and round waist, the
Conner so cut that the objectionable
features of ordinary blootuers are an
tlrely obviated. The divisions of the
skirt, corresponding to a man's trou
ear-legs, are made so wide tbat when
the rider la In place they hang In lines
closely resembling skirt drapery, while
the required freedom of the knees and
tha securing of an equal amount of
drapery on each side of the wheel
made certain. Such a garment will, of
course, fly about a little, but exposure
Is Impossible, especially as the foot Is
passed through a loop of elastic set on
the Inner edge of each division of the
skirt When the rider dismounts the
HARD TO IMPROVE rjPOIf.
divided aklrt hardly betrays Itself aa
such.
One of the prettiest of the new wheel
costumes comes next It Is made of a
smooth surface check outing serge,
light and almost dust proof. A pret
tily scant skirt Just covers the knees.
and Is met by button gaiters. Bloom
era are worn, but do not show at all.
The bodice Is of the eton Jacket type,
and la worn over a white wool sweater
that ends at the loosely fastened belt
The especially clever turn of this cos
tume Is tbe strapping of the Jacket
across the front It Is thus secured
from belug blown wide, and a Jaunty
relief Is given to the plainness of the
sweater front This model allows a
natural sized waist, while the curve of
the eton robs the outline of all clum
siness. A white Scotch cup matches
the sweater, and a single black cock's
feather Is a perky ornament for It The
usual sweater collar Is omitted, a high
soft choker braided closely to give an
effect that will harmonize with the
Jacket straps taking Its place. The
eton can, of course, be removed, the
under belt being firmly attached to the
top of the skirt, and the sweater In turn
being secured. This Is one of the few
really pretty wheel rigs that make
every needed concession 'to practical
demands.
A practical demand which will meet
the taste of those who want freedom
of bloomers and the protection of a
skirt Is chosen for the third drawing.
Here the bloomers Just show below
the knee-skirt, and are very full at tha
edge, where they turn under In genulna
Vanish fashion, but they are aa scant
as practicable about tbe hips, that tba
skirt may not be made bunchy. The
coat bodice is made without darts, fit
ting only slightly to the figure, and al
lowing thereby plenty of room at the
waist Its skirts tit without fullness
over the hips, and as closely as may be
without drawing all around, tbe effort
being to Insure as slightly curved a
line as possible from the waist down.
A shirt waist with starched front
shows, and a smart little tie gives for
mality to the costume. Cloth leggings
button to the knee, their tops disappear
lng under the droop of tbe bloomers.
A soft felt hat Is worn well over the
forehead, gloves with wide stitching
on tbe backs cover the hands, and the
sleeves are made of the usual pattern
Absolute freedom Is Insured In this
rig, and to many an absence of jaunty
intent will be a feature distinctly In fa
vor of tbe design. Tbe skirt In the
more expensive copies of the model Is
lined with satin, tbat the action of the
knees may be Impeded as little as pos
sible by friction. Since the skirt but
tons down the side, all danger of a
gaping pocket Is avoided, and access
to a lovely "really-trousers-pocket" Is
had. The only danger of this rig Is
tbat once you wear It a little while you
feel as If you cannot stand the restrlc
Hons of the ordinary woman's attire,
this trousers pocket being a final bid
MM JAUWTT BUT THEBE'fl A TROtTflXB
POCKET.
for favor that no right-minded woman
RUM? W ICBIML WAl.g.fiS
The last model Is sketched because
It hounds, not because Its make-up
feewnmends It It should be pondered
as an example of what considering
one s oDservers nrst win onng one to.
gome o these hojus glLrlSS are
pretty asThey can be, and many like
this one concede some points of com
fort illustrators consider them "im
mense," and they are the right thing
for a little girl who is going to stand
beside her wheel In the sunshine where
there Is no wind to blow oil her be
coming little hat, or to lift her pretty
skirt, where she won't get out of breath
by riding and burst her tiny belt, and
where her dear little shirt waist won't
give her her death by getting her wet
through. Altogether in such circum
stances, the wearer will look as pretty
as that other girl who has a perfect
right to wear a delicious bath suit and
not go near the water. Still the stores
are full of 'cm, but the coming sum
mer's end will see but few of them on
But HJtle has been said so far as o
color! Wisdom makes the available
ones few, and chooses a general tone
of stone or gray. The blue rigs Into
which every one rushed at the begin
ning have proved themselves most un
suitable for the exposure to dust that
Is a sad necessity of wheel wear.
Grays, tans, drabs and mixtures that
CURRENT BUT PASSING.
produce a general dust effect are the
more practical.
A velvet ribbon edged with a tlnv
single row of cut let spangles makes an
effective and becoming flat garniture
for silk or sheer wool goods.
Most of the new capes are stnals. the
double and triple capes being for tho
moment relegated to the background.
ALLIGATOR'S SMALL COUSIN.
He's a Fierce-Looking Little Fellow,
the Iguana, bnt Not Really Brave.
Tbe Iguana Is a very little fellow who
belongs, like bis cousins, the gecko and
the chameleon, to a very big family.
This family Includes such large animals
as alligators, crocodiles, lizard and
many other strange creatures.
The Iguana has a long, slender body,
tapering in a curious way into a Ions;
tall which In turn tapers Into a point
He has a queer crest running from his
head to the end of this tall, and his
body is covered with small scales. A
soft pouch or bag hangs from below his
chin, but for what purpose It la used
naturalists seem to be divided In fan
Ion. Some Iguanas live In trees, others aig
themselves holes In the ground, and
some varieties live upon the seashore
and are quite fond of swimming about
In the water. The eggs of the Iguana
are usually laid In tbe sand and are not
hard like a hen's egg, but soft, like
leather, and yellow In color. Tbe Igu
ana's tall, like that of most of bis
cousins, Is very useful to him. He uses
It for a weapon, slapping and Inflicting
severe wounds upon bis enemies by
means of Its sharp notches. In thai
water he uses his tall like a snake,
drawing his legs closely to bis side and
projecting himself along by means of
the tall alone.
The iguana Is a fierce-looking little
reptile when attacked. He raises him
self upon his forelegs, loklng very sav
age, but he Is not really brave, and If
you should come across an Iguana
nodding hia head at you and trying to
frighten you to death by wagging bis
tall. Just stamp your foot at him and
he will quickly lower hit crest and
scrvjuy off Into his hoi.
If atnral Protection of Seada.
We usually find seeds In a seed ves
sel of some sort, the whole affair con
stituting the "fruit." Common to all
Immature fruits Is their necessity for
protection, and this la met la various
ways. Winds which break them off
are effectually resisted by their strong
yet flexible foot stalks; and possible in
jury by bruising Is averted by tough,
elastic walls, often cushioned by
prickles or other appendages. Sudden
changes of temperature, before they
can penetrate to the unripe seeds, are
rendered harmless, by the blanketing
effects of pulp or other material. For
protection from th anjmal world, Jju
pature fruits have developed a number
orTn7ereVting devices, AJmosunlvetJ,
ally "green'' fruits so harmonja With
surrounding color! ajj readily to escape
detection In fad, tne hazelnut Is en
veloped Tn aleafy coat whlcj renders
It very Inconspicuous" The nutritious'
albumen of the seed Is often fortified,
bjrBjhlmpenetrabje shells as thoge of
the cucoahut nn3 others. Perhaps there
Is ajormldable armament of prickles,
as in the chestnut) or of stinging halrs
as is the case with some pods. Char
acteristic o? immature fruits are dis
agreeable taste and consistence. Com
pare an Unripe peach, sour and stringy,
with the same fruit In Its luscious ma
turity. But all these contrivances fall
to repel enemies of growing fruits. The
apple's lnconsplcuousness, toughness,
and sourness are of little avail against
the young progeny of the genus man.
: nr.
Making the Finest Olive OH.
Curiously enough the crudest and
most barbarous process of all produces
the very finest grade of olive oil: a
grade so fine and so rare, Indeed, that
it is seldom used, In America, at anv
rate except for Je bricalon of
watcnes ana aencate machinery, and
In surgery. 4 stone vat is bujlt with a
Binall Internal depfessTon. Over this.
Is erected a heavy frame of untrlmmed
timber supporting at its center, which
Is also the center of the vat a vertical
spindle which supports a horizontal
rod upon which Is affixed a heavy roller
of hard wood. In the Oran district of
Algiers, or of porous stone In Northern
Morocco, and In the hill region of
Tunis. .
In some of these regions the women
are the oil makers, and may be seen
tramping around and round the vat,
tugging the pole in pairs, while anothei
woman stirs the mass In tho great stone '
trough, the children standing or squat
ting about watching the proceedings
with Infantine Interest When the pulp
has been sufficiently mashed, the wo
men scoop It up In small quantities Into
bags which are wrung Into stone Jars
and pots. These latter are sealed with
cloths coated with wax, and In this
shape are shipped to Europe, when
the contents are carefully decanted in
to flasks and vials containing a few
ounces each, and bringing a high price
In the large cities of the world, chiefly,
as has been said, for extra fine me
chanical purposes, though, like the
"truillesof Avignon," it also reaches the
table of the epicure.
Cloves.
The clove tree Is found In nearly
every one of tha West Indian Islands,
and especially at Jamaica, Trinidad,
Grenada, St. Vincent, and Dominica
llie largest number of trees is proba
bly found In Grenada, and In that "spice
island" nutmegs, mace, and cloves are
exported to the value of about $50 000
or 180,000 yearly.
Most women observe Lent because Jt
comes at a season when their winter
clotbea are worn shabby, and It la too
varly to buy spring clothe.