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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 13, 1892)
! ar I
' wore auiu . N
e m I.,. , , c '
gestures or surp .
at some of lhe
The tumbl,D ,
d Dot dropdead3
Philfn ft...., 16
018 island a5
ena Boulo ! !
lilt artsl L.
ared tbe kin.
? was so pluclnl
fe shown throi
,au his first
"a glass of Job
eo.Uest fur ,
lis royal hand
"eu i he cube K
' ari.j)jK!(i j,
W'lOcd to Mr
an order foraj
'""'ii he will
him to cod
' summer dan.
mo gas chart
was. l(e had
hi royal c
id Jay dowii,i
h rough r h
td tbe Jciajf
aa an ei
It was at
it some U
'cut to tb
le the kiofi
did so be
fiit as if si
id his partrl
f the club
1 'It M'TX,; iU
III I I
u,Han OpeM the Cam pain,
itUlrr bj Mae'inrlrHl
i a fast nr
ill push J
A the n
rings to X
t toe iptf
Jo'.m C. SH'iier cpflird the
;fl .tiliwaili.. i"i ,-uii-iai
j,iii.ur It. at the Wist side
I hi-aiid.cncc which greeted
i i.cl candidate lor governor.
tin- lano-st and n.o.t enthttsi-
ftn in i 1 1 w aiiKcr. iiunureiis
ID fir hall hoping to hear the
;1ili,r, were lirril lo leave, nor
i,.ur: ar iruiuru ui i oi-
it -emiM .is h M'i-.i. ii.
i'do i i.i" ' ."' iirn'irmi n :
mux ami mil wry p-ntliil iiiiO.ic
L(.ivr l:iaile me wrll i't'U.stoiim tu
jdJ Crm rm s .Milwaukee welcomes.
Lsimi nrj me one Hiueii you e-
lv-niult uii.iniK inr. i do ti it
. truiii'iHiiii'iit lo me. but I take
rtmipi incut lotne Keimliliean :irty.
M.n iiirc! ix ii 'er lor tne slate
ii at Uiis titiir ic: and lor the
Ud (r uiiiell as its repre-n'iuatni1.
i (purlin HrkllottlrtlLllielir. 1
, cuiw l for you to-nmlit in un
unit bIih'Ii '3s reiiileieil it iin;Ms
,i iuj in prepare in an orderly way
u,:3'. Ui lie mi I lo sneli un niidienee;
I :il 10 roliie afjain to Milwaukee
ilul cmiiiait'ii ends. I am told, 1
lit lo j n tonight in a enirt, l.iir
I ran. "lull l.nileH wlueh dlule
irtirsmtliiiiciimpaiii. I nay 1 vliail
ou in a lair way, heeaii-.e Ion"
tiilicaM'il lo talk ei'heroi issues or
a an unfair w ay. Applitntc.
i;.irln!l wm liex-iutlereii wnh mini.
in lv-1 ( l! i- null of lunder was et
tin' arave ot .lanien (,. lilanie
iiiiilaiise, 1 vowed thlil Mliale,er
mri- uiiKlit have lor me in the way of
.n mtU' e. personal noiiucs I was
r dune with, liri'at aiiiilause.i I
'i.il In the hiiiihle liuiis of iii.lilii s,
titer ami u;ilause.l
rm. i-ri: wki.i. infixt.n.
.y mind this is a en.sis in Hie history
win ii y. in :lie nisiory of us people';
tllii' lirsl.of eour.se, ami doul.Uess
c uiu-t important. Jt was a crisis
mir fathers won i'.s imleiieiMleiiee : it
itisis win n th'-y ordaiiien the I nion
irinirt Hie eotisiitution : it was
ulifii Andrew .la-kson erushert ilis-
uinSeuUi Carolina: it was n iri.sis
uniler the le:uliTshii of Lincoln ami
aiiiii.nt'im ami Miennnn and their
inoij. iMfliKlinif IJeiijHiiiln Harrison
i.ina iiieat aiihlaiise . the I n. on w:is
i''l, liurilied u Nil made icinel!i:il
llltt run 'lei is no less hiller 'I he
isiiolessinark"d. nml the result, it
lome. is ot inhnue iii,iMiriam e to
Hutirtne nv.siem of the I'niled
is rlialleni-ed hv the l)eiuf rati.'
of the eiuinli v to morlnl ci. mini
rwlm h lias : Vi, S inke sides :
Hist maislial iimier tlm lla of VVusli
i. of Ji Iti ison. of Adams of Mmiroe
s'"n of l.ineoln nml Ihe Ions line ol
ll"ll liresHientS- nr vim itin. l.iL'ii
I'laee un ler the li- trade which I
mine in (lie hreeze, unni'iiised hy
duuiui Democratic parly a.s it call
cjiiiuii rememher any gicat item of
I'lliey iuaiijiiirated and carried for-
,. fm, icildlm; to Itin milinililimr
, V I lI,B i''senation ot the
uie restoration of tin! gtalc. to
"a me uini-e or our credit, that has nut
iiuusiieri'd and deiimiiiccd as uiicoii-
o""4i ii tne IemiTatie pari v. iAp-
" i nicy thoii(;l,t. yon reiiiemlier.
i. miconstituiional to coerce
"iey were mistaken anont that.
iiiuULrll I WHHillleftnudliitint.fii ti. itf-
Tcenliacks. Ihnv i,,;i.,i .. ni,,.in
The V tJlOHiilil II u'liu liiwfinutiliitl.
'usk;iiu the w rit of halicas eonuis :
"rc mislakcn iilunn il.nl 'ihev
Hii n was iineonstitniiimal for Ahra
l incolii. (,nil hleH his nieinorv for
meat illiti auscL lo issue Ihe cimiiici
fi IToclainatioti. Thev were mistiikeii
Olilt. iCrenl uniifaiiite 1 'I'hi'V
I oie recmistruetioii nets were un
miliomil. and lliev were miilaken
Ilia!. I'liev Ihiiiiuhl 'I'oiii Iteed w as
fimiitmnal. hut Kiev were mistaken
' l.niiL'litei-aml aniilause.l lie
lHen re clect!d. iApplau.sc.
the other l:n- I . . t ' '
om'- h. ir ; r " aI'I-mM to thai
oik. freu win, i, a,,IH.ara I w
ii anufaeiur,,, ,,hUu u S;;, , ""'I "
ro..i.le,uII,,,,eVr.tV; ,1, n
ho is willmsto le .r l . '
i.at n, .: :. " ' ""J ""
i.ii.... i 1 1 : .. ui-
l . inn aie lie i ii;,,. ,.f .
an iimusli i : lle yareil,,. A n:i: eJnsi "
W I'll W ,il n ii un, ui ,w w .
tew.. 1-i.v, i, " ''i'ff 'r!
they ' an a.Miii'i eiiienn.' in iii.;. ,...i.. .. .
r that. I hey .!..., (a,,,,' ua,
'-' "' aim leCVIIeliress mir
aim tun piojH-1 M
1 lie) are i ierl
........ .... ,,n, ;in eaiinii! i in tiiui ' i
u t.( t . ....... i
tut .1 i n'. i'iri7..ii ,..
f l... ' '
tn.ii .i iiici n an raiula r. i..i.. ..
,,.,, . ' . ii. an iuuui
MIUIWl Ijtl III III!.. II,,.,- I, .1,1
ia k in j.ni, and Sill! Vim
neri rails. ,
in yum. and erv
uioie in eui retic
...- ..i ii. imii) are utaktii in the
linen -i.iies. and luive lh en inr years.
ii. r Meei runs nmch vie ia
""M ile . inis.iiiipicin. anil we are ex
ImrlltlL' Siilue. Iiii I:m,i,I:iiivmI In , ..
. . . ' ' ' i' " ii" r'i'
ii.i- 'jiiie iiiiv. II
tl.a.. I.J j
rj iiau lUsl un
nil plate luachin,.,
rij;lit toexDeriment min. ,i,t ,
II. an it wasR.-'-f 1 . T metier ,.,.,,.,; ;,"'' " '"i" wases 111 this
-liilvo, iss. red net ion of i
the ( ,i s : "r.'?t0w? "'"wiry of
! years II ui ium 1 . umi'' an1 lD
nicnr la n
there i,. .1 : '" "iry are over
over V ei .f1 ev:r',lliI"I is cheaper
1, "i ere hi here, and that the
iimtr wages paid over there imt !,..
lowers in South Carolina were of a more
comprehensive character tiian those con
templated iu the Democratic resolution of
, '1 lie Democrats are in the hamt of nam
m Jefferson as the founder if their r.n.r
and yet, on the suhject of tantt, they are
the house; and when lie recognized for
single moment Ihe power of the American
mechanic, the power of Ihe America
peiile. to maxe that or any other liiin
that was to br made on ear.li. 1 felt like
appUiioinj;. ,1 feit like U-insr eratetui.
and i o.press my fjrantiaie now. I ntur-
, n" i'i
'- Lifd it iinreiiav,,.,.
- " ""7 ,Hr ''er on over there: and if
,!.ls ,"'tu'r oh over tliere with his
iut w aires, and the r ..renter nri,
....... . inv 11(,r .i..iVi.:"
e in me i mien Mates 1 u.Z, : ' ule "anie ol Heaven do
I he Mi
me duty ou ool.
eiuiiiii inr. ami in a
slmaij tellini: us : 'Von
never lo say
At th.'.l lime steel rails were
I ouures-s mil a dnti .n
.urn niiiKiiii eniii" into the i e
niinri niw increased
"me II adequately
year uie sin
ilicr :iu I
hut Ihei.,,', V, , 1 . "'s: "'" 0IlV 'hat
nit lh, mipuriatinui.l woolen emis thai
Used SlI.IKU.IIIKl ttitl, ,,.
(uciicMic priHluctjnii of woolen
"linply made them at home in.
sriidini; money ahroad to buv
I '1.'", and te wil pnM;,u
..nfi.iii.ilsiuuils: not only iha
11., .. . . name ui liuaeil (III
j ney want to come over here for? I n.
1 .fa" understand how they
miwil. down, mill i
i. iilcs iioiu j.-, pi s;i and saa u,n. An
liiaiiscl iell. uhen i made that state
ment tue (ittu r day in a free trader, he said
to me : -W ell, if we luce (jot so now that
we can make steel rails ami eKr! them,
wny dun i you take the duly off:' l.aucli
lrr. And I said in Imn Just what I say to
jon lo-iimm inai mere would hi' just a
miieii seiiM- in uivk'oinu loyouandr-ayiiiL'
'i.' ii-eiiii. (uai n-nceoi xours has keiil
your iie'liiinr s hnf;s out of your cahhaucs
now un mm y.-ars; why dun t you lake it
down:'" (.real laughter ami applause.!
slow: win. ( it,: i- ami i unihlis mm
1 i:i Tim.
ed i in- McKmli'v l.i : we loo;
luniil'lit thegimiir hoiinfv was uneoii-
mal. and uwy w,.r(. niistakcn iihnut i
'hey liiouclil recriprocity wasiin-
"iniuai, n mi nicy were inixiaKcn
'hat. lAptilaiise.i Tliey tlioiiuht
iryinander was constitutional, and
Ihe duly nil ol iiL'ar ; we di
in etery la'uiiy m ihe I niicd Sudcs. ,
wliiie alter lie loo.; Ihe duly oil nf nar
Mr. .Mcinlr Inl.l me tnal a man in his
. town nt-iil iniu a store and Hauled u un-
I :ar s north ol sicar. and the iiierehnul Ik
I Han loiieiitli it out; he kept dippini;. dip-
I pni);. (iippim; uie siuar imo me measure,
and the purchaser interrupleil linn anil
said: "I only vi ant a dollar's worth." He
san1 : -1 ani L'ii mi; i mi a dollar's north ;"
and h-' kepi on mud he made a huuilic of
twenty jmiiiiiiIs ot Mi'arand wrapped ii up.
I he mail dink it iu his arms, walked out
to Ihe .sidewalk, and said : "Mr. Trench,
don t yiui tell in wiletliat I mil Unit sural
lor a dollar. ' iVhy.' ' - hy, if yon did
she will nev r mir me any peaeetiil I vole
liie :eillil,eH!ltieKe;." Ureal apjilaiiseaiul
lailK'iter. We iv-re paying alimil ."ia.uii'l,
I'll a year mil of the pockeis of (lie people,
tills on siiL'ar. ami In, it was a lax liceuusc
lliat was a larili tor revenue only, fur we
did not pro Iu e enoavh sugar iu this ciiun
trv tu idl'ei-t hv competition Hie price of it
Ine at home. Hen. iirac talked the other
nmhlai 'liiniiih Hlmiif our lejjisiaUnK in
favnr of Ihe siiisar trust. We put a duty
on raivnu'.ir; sugar which could not he
Used hy the people without lieiir.' relined :
we preferred lliat our sugar .should he re
iincd 111 the I'niled Males to having that
Iahor done over Ihe sea, We put a V.iir.
reasonable duly upon it. Ilul we did not
hcirin lo mil Hie duly upon refilled sugar
that the Mills hill put iipim it. The duty
put hv the .Mills hill upon relined sugar
saved' o4the sugiir irusl SII.imi.ikki more a
year than Ihe dutv put upnii relined sugar
hy the .McKinley iavv. We gave a homily
euiial to the duty we had taken olf to en-
coirage home priKiuciuiu aim no .uhhu
therehy -ami the suiireine court held it tu
oiislitiiliomil -we afford Ihereliy tne same
encoiirageuifnt at a .(mall outlay to the dn-
iiiestie prixltrtion as tins grcia ianii um
when levied upon sulfur. And what is the
result of it ? We did it Willi our eyes open.
We did il lo encourage the prouunioii oi
suear in the Soulli : we did it to encminige
thehei t sugar product m me .soini,
one relinei v 111 Nehraska Illls JCiii,
produce h.lHKI.iSJU pouiiu.s oi un-i su... ....
good as ever was seen on me "
(lov. Itusk lorn me uie one-' .
iliiesiion in.ii iiicic ...i.-.. ", , ' ..,.,
i,,.viiicr I he soil nun me
Hlllllll einiMc hi- ',, ,,,, ;,,i,.i
crease m t:1
H il , 'I'l'hiusei. and to-day,
' h 't nurd Nates Hiat is not run-
'v ,',, 'f"'1"1' '"' 1 a added.
Wt i s . 1 '",'"-r''l"'pany.a.s I reeol
s t. it sue. -eedci iu i.s'.m. , eieetinj. a eoii-
r, I'c-'r ' i'y ,'!'"'1'''1 1,11,1 '-"H-'ress on a
p.a inn lti;il ihcy would repeal the ilc
hiniey law. and how main majority did
, - ii'iimicu anil seveillv-
nie. A iremcmhius majority m session,
uon h afer imn.th, ,,h after month,
moiilh atler luomh and what were thev
doing:' Mnmii linn. ,i. .r.f.
ah Miiley law. l.ituglner ami applause. I
W I? ilnin nhc) repeal it it ii was such a
r.miierv . I hey passed a hill putting wool
on the lice list. Hiev say m their inajoritv
ie(Kii thai the duly on wool has mil been
oi any henelit to ihe farmer; that it has
not mereaseil the price of wool i that is a
laiscii ,ou. oat lhey.su it i ami tne taking
ol duiy on of wool would n it decrease Ihe
puce ol wool lo ihe farmer. In the next
Uiellicysay they lake Uie duty olf of Wool
liccaii.se il is a raw material ami lliev want
lo cheapen I lie cost n, woolens. If inL nie
the duty oil of wool would not diminish
Ihe price ot wool now would it dimmish
(he price of woolens'.' Two million men
in un- I mteil Nates eie'ie'eil in 1, i.e.,
laismg this last year that, produced L'sii,
eni.mii pounds. if wool. The value ot the
farmers' sheep in (he I'niled States lotlay
is MI7,ir,o.n;)U and Ins income lrom wool
last year was .".2i.uiri.iiju. and vet this
lieiii'ieralie house repealed so much of the
.ilck'ihley law as Input nine on the free
list h i il come m h"ie without restriction
the wool of Australia ami xuilli America.
It I hail Ihe time I could show you that iu
Australia they have cood grass iiii the year
around except when lliev have an occa
sional drnugnl. They get their lands from
the crown ami lUey pay -inly :: cents an
acre by the year aiul three acres lo the
sheep; so that it only eosl thcin Ii rents for
Ihe sheep the whole year round. They
have multiplied that industry and mereaseil
il so that it is as plain as any ihing ran ht
thai if Ihe duly is taken oil' of wool, tbe
sheep hushanilryof Ihe I'niled Mates must
lie killed: hut iiiese men think of it a
miiiule -these men take the du:y oil' wool
ami vet they leave a dull' In tueir lull ot
ill per cent, on woolen cloths. They la!k
to us aliohi cl:;ss Icg.slal ion w hat is that
but class legislalion'.' discriminating
igaiust ti.iiOh.WM men engaged in sheep
husbandry mid ills u iiiiiiiatmg in favor or
lT-".'0 1 men engaged iu the manufacture of
That is no. aM. iVe put a prohibitory
dutv on shoihlv ui .'il cents a pound mid
kepi a hieii uiity on rags and waste lo
;ccp thai pest-laurn Mull out ot ihe I lilted
tales, ami to iniiiroie the quality of the
hulling winch our people wore. Urcat,
applause. 1 hi: lull winch ihcy reported
from the ciiiuniilli e ami which passed the
house, pulling wool on the Iree list and
leaving woolen, tl'.l percent, dutiable,
made rags free and put shoddy id '1 cents a
pound, l'his gre.it palmitic neniiiiTiitif
congress, doiuiiialed by the South largely,
discriminated against the A mcrieaii farmer
and in favor of Ihe fans rag picker, ask
tbe fanner of IVi'eoiisiu lo stand by tlieni
ami vote lor free wool and Iree trade nil
along the line ! Will you do if.'
A v nice -"An. never." Applause.
llllSien.l in,,. I.,,. i...
(-.,.. ; " tiii.i licit o
i.nse reports, nrriih.i..,! , .
, 7; . .... ..j a.eaiiiaill II
ji-ents and all that son of thing, hut when
i v get here and find that tuey are so
in ii h worse ol, than they are over there,
why ilon t they go hack again? I Ap
plause. I Hut tm-y do not: they
hecau-e (his is and has been under the
American policy ip3 land of promise for
tin" honest laborers of the earth who care
lo come here and make this their home;
and we propose to keep it so.
I.oni) SAI.IKIH HY KKKlS IT, TOO.
You may see a fellow hit and think lie is
-lruck pretty hard, but he knows how
ban he is hit better than you do. 'I he
liar lesi headed statesman in Kngland is
Lord .Salisbury, and J.onl Salislmrv va
mi lliin .. . . .. J ?
.im-niiiiii ui iei;i:irocuy something
l would like U have von remember.
'After all, this little island lives as a
railing island. We could not produce, in
ond slims, enough to sustain Ihe po uila
tion that lives in this lslumi un,' it , '..
by the great industries which exisi o vi
and which find markets in foreign eoun
Iries fiat we a,e able to maintain ilr; vast
population hy which tins island is mliali-
neii; inn a danger is
in .... I i J " J i.itj n iii, t e. ii rs& niaiiiuoc now. i
iinln I. opposilion to the principles laid unai.-ly. ilr. Cnairium. his whole
ucuciMiu. lowaras me close ot
his administration the revenue from the
uiriu on imports produced a considerable
surplus, and the question was what should
he done, should the tariff be reduced or
should this surplus be maintained? Jef
ferson pointedly asked: -Shall we sup
press the imports and eive that advantage
to foreign over oomestic manufactures?"
ror himself he reeoin mended that
"the imports be maintained," and that the
surplus erealed "suould be appropriated,
to tue improvement of roads, canals, riv
ers and eiui..ti.i
ers and education.
ii tne constitution (lid not cive sufficient
power to warrant these appropriations
.leliersou went so far as to recommend
that it be amended. This oreseiifs the
strongest condition of aliair-i upon winch J belittled iu this house hour after hour,
ment subsequent to that declaration was
adverse lo that statement. I niortunately,
he spent his two hours to show that there
had oecn a failure in making tin plaie in
this country; and in the haste oi argument
and iu the eagi rn.t.s of advocacy 1 fear
that he was not alw ays careful to remem
ber facts as they were.
- it has lieen a long time since this indus
try had an opportunity of being natural
ized and aeelimated in this country. It
was but a little w hile ago that the tanft
law of rs'.Olecame applicable to tins in
dustry. All over the couuirv efforts are
lieiim made to pursue and develop it: all
over the country money is being invested
in it: and Lccau-t lo-dav it lias not tak. ii
Hie place of Kngland ami Wa.es il has been
groVVillii' HO. knrle
or lifty years ago everybody believed that
ee uaue nan conquered the world, aim
hey proiihesized that every nation would
billow the cxauipic of Kngland ami gave
Itself up to absolute free trade. The re
sults are not exactly what they prop!!,
sized, but the more adverse the results
were, the more the devoted prophets of free
trade declared it would come out all right.
i ne worse the tanlis of forei
IIISM.IUC li :! TKSTIVIONIAI..
the fanner to make a prohi
i.. ........ nr tne un'T.ir (cci
nine " '"
would enable us bclore iiiauy ' "
make. In hisjiid,'nieiii,-io pi ... . ..
u-niile Willi sgar aim ne " -,
e , Jo, ns iimof those states; and ihe
"ere mistaken about lliat. i real f v IOrii company has agreed with mm iu
use. i sol in, son ,.r lost faith u ......i.iish a ureat smriir reti'icr.v m im
nmeratie nnriv as a con.stitiilmmil L.uie in order to Ifive our fanners a chance
P'lder. il.aimliterand applause. I i,', en up another agricultural industry.
-ht if I bad time, and you Ihe pa- , hcttons a.vo i.ixkx.
it.a.1 Wlliir I nomas .niiei sol. an... i ,
ol the protective system. Again, Wl.y. the free traders u iu us
and aaam lie declared it, in terms McKinley law; was I-""!..
L -t . l ....rj III! If i.A nrnir ItHIMMIA. HI I
Ineesof a man who was a pamoi. wj(h tn,a n ve arc . '-. -,:", ""-
earv ui i 'ri.,.re is i t in -
J . . i.i i.. tl.lu .....i.ilre ln.1..,-
i . l..l." 1CII. I ,.r Austria Wl 1(11 wc mm,,i..;.i ....... i"m
i iMTioea jeiieiswM f w.
kinoerulic nartv on mis iues. " inu.nere i ' :
b..i.,,r.f u A( ,.i,.c never weary or
g of their loyalty to Tliomas .lener-
us when Ihe
riMle a Uiii g from he rnVn kin. on we iiniH.rtcd here before he
I lo this hail 1 i a banner and upon , and fiat is one made in the
I sV-Hmld-Jertern club." ..Well. I ufWi. whiel. we ,. roll, ..led In
i ; ... In letreriiuif. " "
noil is lu.vm " , , n!,s
to .lefTerson usvus '
ion. I Applause.
. .' . i.r lo-nlirhl thai if ever
I yflZZStSi : enacted by the con-
y' J:,'nititi states has vlndicueu
PI i The XcKlnley law. lApplause.i
ilt is die ' mt tllt H WOiid cueon
fre" .- told Ml lh'.K) tint it
(rt 'rweriutvtotiOpercenl. iou
fi lR ?H raised the duty iar above the
tr !!diity ituring the days and years of
kil lou were told that it would
export trade, for people would
mi Til yve didn't buy of them.
ttaUfments were mude in lmw
McKlnley law . Let mc give you
-4lc idalistical information iihhi
Xlliject as it comes to us lo-day iroin
asnry dcpurlmeni :
'im aiice oi uadc in our favor, that
Diu unit of money oilier nations paid
Ver and above, vviml we paid tolhem,
Hi,aa.W.'l as against S;i.:M7.K5! the
is year, i he fie-Minpo-ts that came
kr this law were Sii',l.:i7:l.5iJ ; ihe
Hie iuimiiIk, the taed imorts. Nfifi,
. Kid y-live percent, of all the ini
ton .hid the I'ni.ed Mates tins year
in tree of duty, and 41 per cent, and
rame In dullaide. .Mr. (.'amide esti-t-
and I have no doubt he was honest
t t he Is a fair man in debate, and a
Vole insti-tliat llm average inilv
she .McKinley law would be ftll iht
Wlien the truth u. as demonstrateU.
average iimy nppllcl lo llm free
Untiu-lc list ,s only ld mid a frae
jciil. iiiiu (ho awraee duty up
Vi. 1"" 'lulliible jt is & per
Applause. rakif ellher. and it is
r n lias iiiriiOH olll. Ihtiiiiho a nun.
I A mdause.
7 i...e i.l.l us that die duly on linen the
duties Imposed in lliat schedule would en
hance Hie price of linen to tne people and
would not do any good 'because you can
not make linen in Ihe I'niled States."
Why dot? We have the flax: "Oh, yes;
but you have not the machinery." V eil,
when before did Ainerieaian to make any
thing for laekof machinery? if they can
nol buy it they invent it. jContlniied ap
plause! It was not long after the .McKin
ley law was enacted lhal they sent several
bales of .Minnesota ll a x to the, mills iu
Scotland, and H came back in good linen,
.with a certilicate that they had never had
anv better liber in that mill: and Ihe other
dav when we met in Minneapolis lo nomi
nate Itenjaiiiin Harrison the nexl president
ot the l imed Mates greal applause! tin;
great Imposition building was carpeted -you
remember il with linen made out of
'Minnesota flux in a .Minneapolis mill.
(Ureal applause.! No, we cannot make
linen. Well, my irceiraue menu, we can
make linen, and we will make linen,
MAKIXII TIN I'f.AT" ffV.
There is no one sulijec- ci-on which
more has been said against ihe J McKinley
law than the duly upon tin plate. 1 voted,
as I said herein IH.nJ, for the duly on tin
Plate. I said iu 1MH I would do il (,'' if
I had a ehan.'e. 1 say to nighl I would do
il, again if I had a chance. Applause.!
I Hi von realize that from IK7I to IM. we
seti fnav I i'oiii the Tinted Stales Jftl.-
000,0'N) tor tin plate. That takes not into
account the dunes paid upon it; and the
duly was a lax because we made none.
Thai does not take into account the freight.
Ihe insurance, or the prolils of the middle
man. We thought wo would try lo make
. ow n tin i, laic, and keen our money at
home. We ihniiRtil we had sent enough of
r minimis in ltoIiI to Wales, and we
won Id trv Hie business ourselves. Now, I
I i..... ii... .i..r..iu tn.t.i.,1,1 hot the
In report of tne I .i.fcutti.-eii!tto-rermrl of Col. Ayer of the Treasury I Uv
v o.i r iiii ii. .. i.iiowH, u cannot nartment. which 1 have here noon Hit
ii uie iiciui.'s lo-mghti. thioumlerthe iain. iu. fortv estnblishiiicntH to-day,
I hui of tin tiir.lt law. the cost of liv- and invert the names of them, which I shall
Irid iiiiinniicl. and tim price of waves furnish Hi mv Ih'inocralio free trade
ler. iiMHl ; only a Utile, hut Inerunsed friends If they want It, with the imstotllec
e... niai icinni.; nuiio iii iro.i i aim lessen, ami engaged in miiKing uu
U.ii.'laiid the pneo of llvinit lias in- plate, and tlieoHieriuvsn American work-
fii.uinl wanes have ilr reascd. inn man Invented a Un nlato machine which
Tfcey nave nail a great deal tu say iiliniu
l,;c farmer having no protection under the
I .McKinley law. I cannot take t he tunc In
go into it to-night, but on tobacco the
fanner's market last year was Jm.iHI.MI
more than it was the year before, anil we
saved tu ine farmers ot this country by the
duties levied hy lh" .McKinley law iinou
their products iu gross tl'ti,()t(l.iXKI as
against tlm year preceding the enactment
of the tarnf law. .Now when the five
trailer talks about, the tarilf as robbery
and undertakes to salisiv Ihe people lliat
it is class legislation and ougur to lie
wiped away, i.e takes upon himself un
avviul lug contract. II was I'rinee Bis
marck, the great statesman of ocrniany,
whom our people remember as standing
in his white uniform beside the old einnerur
wlien the ensign or' united (ierinany was
planted to stand forever it was I'rincc
Hisinarek who said that he had watched
Ihe course of America. lie had seen lier
wonderful progress and he, aserihed it lo
her protective tariff system. 1 want m
"The success of the United States in ma
terial development is the most illustrious
of modern times. The A iiiericiin nntiiiu
has not only suecessfuly borne and sup-'
pressed t lie most gigantic and expensive
war of all History, but immediately after
ward disbanded its army, found work fur
ail it,s soldiers and bereaved, paid for
almost all of lis debts, gave lab r and
homes to all of the unemployed of Kurope
as fast as they could arrive within its leiri
tory; and has dime all this by a system of
taxation so indirect, as not to lie perceived,
much less to be felt: because it is my de
lioerale judgment that the prosiierity of
America is mainly due toils system of
protective laws,l urge that Hcrimmy has
now reached that point where it is neces
sary to mutate the taritt system ot the
United Mates. Aim uerinany inereupou
iidopteil a protective taritt under which the
industries of (iermany have trebled and
Hie wages of Herman labor have increased
SlS'i per cent. (jreat applause.! Ami
that is the iillernnco oi a statesman who
stood away from us unbiased by our poli
ties without prejudice of section: but look
ing upon us irmn a distance Willi tne eyes
of a keen statesman and a philosopher:
and Hint, judgment of our prosperity nml
of our policy put in vogue among his own
people. And wlien the tree trader nr
inigns protection as a system of robbery
he impeaches the judgment and the in
tegrity and the common sense ol every
people under liiesun. except Hreat iiriiain.
r'raiice has her protective tarilf, (.ierinany
her protective l irilf, Italy her protective
tarilf, Canada her protective tariff. Aus
tria, liussia, all of them a protective larili'.
and what awful tools they must all he if
Ihe free, trader is right. Applause.
WHAT IIDMOCIIATH' SI CI KSS MKANS.
'ovv. gentlemen, what Is lo become af
ter the .McKinley law is repealed? If you
vote the Deinocralic ticket and adopt as
your policv the platform at Chicago you
inust adopt a tariff system which has no
element of protection in it. Tney adopt a
tariff system which lakes no a-eountof
more confident were the
prophesies of an early victory: but we see
now. ' This is not a tree trader from Wis.
cousin or Chicago testifying. t is Lord
Salisbury, until recently the premier of
'We see now after many years' exper
ience that explains it, how many foreign
nations are raising one after another a
wall, a brazen wall of protection around
their stores which excludes us lrom their
markets, and as far as they are concerned
iln their best to Kill our trade. And this
slate of tilings does not get better. On
the contrary, it constantly seems to get
win sc. Now, of course, if I utter a word
with reference to tree trade 1 shall be ac
cused ot being a protectionist, of a desire
to overthrow free trade and of all the
elhercriines which an ingenius imagina
tion can attach to the commercial hetero
doxy. If we look abroad into the world
we see it. In the olliee which 1 have the
minor lo hold 1 see a great deal of it. We
live in an age of a war of tariffs. Kvery
nation is trying liovv it can by agreement
Willi its neighbors ge: Ihe greatest possible
proportion for its own industries and at
Hie same time the greatest possible access
to the markets of its neighbors. This kind
of negotiation is continually going on. or
has been going on, for the last year and a
half with great activity. I want to point
out. to you vv h.it I observe is that while A
is very anxious to get favors of (', nobody
cares two straw s about getting the com
mercial fav ors of Ureal Britain. What is
the reason of that? It is lliat in this great
battle (ircat Hnlain has deliberately
stripped herself of the armour and the
weapons by which the battle is to he
fought." And thereupon he proposes that
Kngland shall use Hie weapons which the
I nited states lias been using, not against
ihe I'nited States, he says, because they
must, have iu Kngland our raw material
and our food products. If there ever was
a tri.mte which ought to add weight to the
reciprocity scheme, and the tariff scheme
too, of the llepublican t arty, it is that.
BLAINE ON THE ISSUES.
OK INTKIJ tJST
Strong Letter Addressed to Chairman
Vlanley on Hie Political Ouestions
or the Day The History.,!
au l the Currency.
-jIwtkta. Sept. . -James .
Ev.oie has addressed the following letter
to Chairman Mauley, of the Kepublican
It ak ilAHiion, Mc., Sept. 3. The lion.
Joseph H. Mauley, Vhatniuin, Etc., Au
ijunlii, Me. My 1)k ar Sih: Not being able,
for the reasons which I have explained to
you, lo deliver public speeches in this
present campaign, I takethe liberty of sub-
uniiing my views on me issues wnieii l re
gard as being strongest for the Republicans
to urge before the people. The issue of
the greatest consequence is the tariff on
imports, and it will continue to be until a
settlement is effected by a majority so
large that it will he tantamount to general
aeiiniesence. i no licpuuiicans are. ag
gressive on this suhject. Two years ago
they passed a general enactment known
us the McKinley tariff, which for a time
failed to meet with populat approval, and
was regarded with a certain degree of dis
trust by those who had always upheld tne
protective system, lint a powerful reac
tion has come m consequence of the vindi
cation of the McKinley tariff by exper
ience. It is found to have worked admira
bly, and within the last year has produced
a greater volume of business, internal and
external, export and iniort, than the
I'nited States ever transacted before.
Notwithstanding Ihe character and extent
of the opposilion to it. agriculture is re
munerative, manufactures are prosperous
and commerce is more flourishing than at
any previous time thus vindicating the
McKinley tariff hy an impressive and un
deniable series of facts. Against this tariff
the Democratic, party have taken a posi
tion almost without parallel in the history
of liie country. They reject entirely the
doctrine of protection, pronounce it a
fraud and anathematize it generally. A
resolution to this effect was adopted by tiie
Democratic convention against the report
of the committee ou resolutions by a two
thirds vote, tuns manitesting the intelli
gent participation of every man in the
convention. Sometimes a resolution may
be adopted in haste, or just when the con
vention is adjourning it may fail lo receive
the attention of the members, but this reso
lution was debated, pro and eon. adopted
aft r a contest, and was perfectly under
stood by Hie members of the convention.
It is contained in these words:
"We denounce the. Kepublican protection
as a fraud upon the labor ot the great ma
nor industries, which takes no account of : rjty 0f the American people for the beno
our labor. Labor in Kngland on the aver- ;itofJHj,.w. We declare it a fundamental
ago is 77 per cent, lower than it is in ,rjneiple of the Democratic parly that the
Anmr cii nml if is absolutely iinpossiini!
that these gentlemen can adopt a tarill for
revenue, only without adopting the condi
tion of such a tariff ahroad. lr o ake
a product at .Hi cents less In cost than I do,
vou can sell me out of existence in a day,
if , i... c.nise nf in v increased cost is labor.
There is onlv one way known under the
leilernl L'ovcrninenl has no constitutional
power lo impose and collect tariff duties
except for the purpose ot revenue only.
Wo ueinand that the collection of such
taxes bo limited to the necessities of the.
the government when honestly and eco
If anyone win nine uie uoinnc 10 read
J....l ... It- 'llw
wni Mr. I'ecrs ri'iNirl. Applause. I
n mean uov. reck iauutle :
ic uiiurwtiihii. doner of the state
beats anything thev have hail In Wales
from the Itoo.l down to to-day. (Croat ap
plauv. I saw a ttatunicut In the 7'r(buc
!.. be winch 1 can reduce the cost ot ... ...l,...i.,J ,., u,i,i..h Mr cuii,oi...
ii .... ... "j . , .ne, resoi.iiiu.in wj i. ..... v...v,,,i
my product to equal yours, and lliat is by m..aM Ut defend his nullification scheme
reducing the cost In labor and reducing jn fm wiil nnd t10 tanff platform of
Ihe price of labor. I soy to the working- , Democratic party in geneial harmony
man of this country you cannot afford to Browlth: and if he examines the subject
have any party trilling with ypur Interests J - h w- digcovcr that the duties in
and wild your wages. No political party compromlSe tariff which reconciled
ought to dare to do It. I may cxperfmcnt ,h' d appeased, his angry lol
wilU what belongs to ine, but 1 have no r- B,"m
a protective taritt c m be instilie.1 -mri Jef.
ferson did not hesitate lo recommend lL
1 he Democrats of the present dav. it is
needless to say, are in direct opposition to
the policy which Jefferson thus outlined
and adhered to.
KXI'I.AINH TI!K KLC'IPKOCITT MHEVIK.
When the principle of reciprocal trade
was tirst proposed to be introduced into
I the tariff system, the Democrats showed a
i most generous appreciation of the que.s-
uou,anugave it their sujqiort as long as
Hcpublicans refused to accept it, but when
Ifeuublicans came to approve of it the
Ueuioeratle sunoort vanished, and instead
or ravoring, we, mid the Democratic na
tional coiiveniion passing a resolution lios
tile to Ihe system, liui in spite of Demo
cratic opposition we have attained, through
reciprocity, a new and valuable trade, and
Ihe system has demonstrated its many ad
vantages. e weie about to declare
sugar, molasses, coffee and hides free from
all dulies iu the McKinley bill, but instead
oi uiai we passed a Jaw by which we
asked the several nations interested what
tl.ey would give to have those. articles
made free. e found ihat the privileges
which we were about to give, without cost
and without charge, would secure a large
trade in lirazil, in Cuba, and l'orto Kieo,
in the Windward and the Leeward Is
lands, in liritisliUuayanaand Jamaica. San
Domingo, and the live Central American
states, and to a minor degree in Austria,
Franco, and Germany all in exchange for
the article.! which we had intended to
'J lie tree list of the McKinley tariff is
larger in the number of articles, and in the
aggregate amount of their import value.
man the dutiable list. What would navy
been the result lo the I'nited States if
every article, before it was put on the free
list, had been made the subject of inquiry
to see what we could get in exchange for
it ? We omitted to do so for many years
and that neglect has cost Hie government
advantages in trade which would havc
amounted to tens of millions of dollars
This is Hie whole of the reciprocity'
scheme. It is very plain and verv simnie.
It secures a valuable trade in exchange for
articles otherwise, destined to be put on
the free list. The Democratic party think
tiiey can discredit it, and they make the
effort apparently for the unpatriotic rea
son that they did not originate it.
WHAT -ST ATI-. HANKS .VI KAN.
Willi all its calamities the war brought
us one great blessing national currency.
There are many who will say Hint it was
worth the cost of the war to bring about
so auspicious a result to capital and labor,
i'rior to the war we had the worst cur
rency system of any enlightened nation
in the world. The stale banks, with some
exceptions, were thoroughly irresponsible.
tney existed by thousands throughout the
1 nited Mates. Whenever one of them
failed the result was a large loss and great,
distress among the people. JN'o one was
responsible for their bills, and they were
generally found scattered in the pockets of
the laboring man, to whom they were a
total loss without any redemption what
ever. Of the state banks it was often nnd
trulv said that their debts were the meas
ure of their profits. They have caused an
aggregate loss of hundreds of millions of
dollars among Hie poor. Since the close
of the war all this is dill'etent. Kverv pa
per dollar that circulates among Hie people
has.the I'nited Mates behind it as guaran
tee. All the banks that exist are' under
Hie control of the national government,
and if they fail as financial institutions
the government has taken care that their
bills shall be paid by securities deposited
in government vaults.
I'lider these circumstances it is a mailer
for extraordinary surprise that the Demo
cratic conventions should deliberately pass
resolutions for Hie revival of state banks.
The palpable effect of this policy, if car
ried out. would oe to cheat the poor man
out of his daily bread, it state banks be.
adopted and their circulation attain a
large issue, no device could be more deadly
for the deception and dcsjioiliiientof all the
commercial and laboring classes, flow
the Demoeratie convention came to make
such a declaration, who was its author.
what intelligent purpose was in it, will re
main a mystery, l have heard the argu
ment adduced that we would keep our
money at home if statu banks were insti
tuted, but we should keep it. at home be
cause it would be so worthless mat nobody
would take it abroad. W ere the system of
state banks revived, we would again have
discounts at the stale lines, large charges
tor drafts on financial centers, and genera
suspicion of every bill offered iu payment,
with a liquidation every few years that
would be destructive loss to Ihe innocent
holders of bills, and a corresponding prolit
lo the parties owning the hanks.
The three issues which 1 have given arc
the issues on which I would arraign Hie
Demoeratie party. I would not multiply
issues nor be diverted by our opponent's
from a steadfast adherence to and con
stant presentation of these questions be
fore the people, until every voter is mado
to know ami understand their true and
Very sincerely yours.
Jamks ti. Bi.aink.
and to my utter surprise, and my surprise
is so greai mat i nave net lound a reason
tor it yet. Kvery word that ws suggested
by that orator that belittled American
anility, American enterprise and American
success was loudiv applauded on Ihm sioe
of the chamber. llmi.
E fleet or Free Wool on Farmers.
in 111 (here were .-! 13,136 sheep of the
value of SlUS,!i!rM47, which yielded 2JS5,
OOJ.UOO pounds of wool. On the above
number lS,57f.400 were east of the Missis
sippi and Missouri rivers, and most of
them were kept on lands like those de
scribed by Judge Lawrence, upon which
no other slock could be kept, at any profit
Now, we have seen that the farmer's
business is one, of narrow margins and
small prolits, and legislative bodies should
iiesitate long before they do anything to
lessen his chances or limit his facilities for
making the most out of every one of his
Hut we shall certainly be so limiting him
if we make one iota less profitable the
keeping of sheep, and no one will deny
but that this bill will surely have that ef
fect. Uesides depriving him of the profit
able ttso of hundreds of millions of acres
of land practically valueless for any other
purpose, it would, the moment the bin had
the executive approval which, by the
way, will never happen whiio llenjamin
Harrison is president take ten or twelve
cents per pound on every pomm oi wool in
the country. Speech o If. It .
V'., tu 11. U., Marcn ui, ixr.
I.cpenl liuty on Wool, and Slicep-Kais-
ins Industry is Destroyed.
If you repeal this dutv and the sheep
raising industry ot this country is de
stroyed, then tne million of men who are
to-day engaged. in parlor in whole.in that
industry will be driven out or employment,
and where are thev to go? Are thev go
ing into idleness? .vie they not rather
going to enter other occupations and mav
liiey not invade I he occupations of the con
stituents of my friend lioni Missouri, oc
cupations which to-dav are more than full?
Why. sir, the constituents of the gentle
man from Missouri and otiier men of the.
same class elsewhere, hav e had their repre
sentatives iu every congress iu which 1
have hoen a member, complaining of the
want of labor and of opportunities to earn
a living; and yet my friend from Missouri
stands up here and seriously inveighs
against the duty on wool, which protects
the wool-grower of Ibis country, and seri
ously proposes to turn out the "million of
men engaged in wool-growing to invade
ihe occupations of his own constituents
and others elsewhere. Speech of Uon. .".
L. MUMctt, of Me., in 11. li., April 4,
Ability lo Manufacture Tin.
I affirm three things yvith respect to tlm
tin-plate industry : Kirst, that American
capital has already responded to the invi
tation extended to il by the McKinley law,
and has practically deiiioiistratea our abil
ity to manufacture our own supply; second,
that the result has been to reduce the price
of the foreign product, and will be to re
duce the price of the home product; and,
third, that the effect of this new industry
will be to make us independent ot foreign
ers, while it will add millions ol money to
the channels of our home trade, to the
benefit of the American people. Sicr.rli
of Hon. Joint Jjulsell, oj ''., in 11. It,
April l, lH-.
Strikes No Connect ion With Tariff.
A few days ago the pro tempore leader
of the house on that side, with a disin
geniiousness unworthy of him. inveighed
against the protective system because
certain coal-nuners in Alabama, cer
tain iron-workers in Pennsylvania, had
struck for higher wages, lie knows that
the tariff had no connection with these
strikes, lie knows that m allclimes, atall
times, since man tirst looked intotheeveof
his fellow, capital and labor have been en
gaged in contests which a Christian civili
zation has lessened in number and reduced
in bitterness, but has not yet learned to ...
prevent, lie known that not lone since
the streels of free-trade London resounded
to the tramp of inarching thousands,
strikers, not for an advance, but against a
reduction of wages. Men, and women, too,
who in Trafalgar Square, in presence of
the bronze figure of England's great cap
tain on Hie seas, in curses loud and deep
denounced the policy that on land mado
beggars of her own. He knows that to
day four hundred thousand mine-workers
in free-trade Kngland, out on a strike,
have laid their paralyzing hand on Eng
And if the gentleman from Tennessee,
appealing in an assembly such as this, not
to reason, but, to passion and prejudice, is
enamoured of this subject of strikes. Jet
me commend him to the recent history of
his own slate, where freemen mine-workers
were turned out to the winter's blast,
hungry and workless, by convicts put in
their places to sate tbe greed of Demoera
tie mine-owners, 't hat strike, like all the
others, bore no relation to the tariff, nor
did the tariff bear any relation to it. Man's
avarice on one side or on the other accounts
for them all, tariff or no tariff. Speech of
Hon. John lxilzei, of I'a., inU. II.. April
Mr. Blaine in the Field.
tan We Make Tin Plate !
Can we make tin plate in this country?
The gentleman who opened the discussion
yesterday (Mr. Slnvely) said undoubtedly
wo could. I was gratified to hear his
statement, for 1 had read in Democratic
papers so long that it could not be made In
this country, for some occult reason, that t
supposed that even the process of the
times had not changed the impression on
the minds ot any gentleman on that Side of
The appearance of Mr. Blaine's letter is
a most, significant political event. Its
strength is twofold, its statements and ar
guments will take fast bold of the minds of
tliecountry.and it w ill furnish indisputable
proof that Itepubiieans are thoroughly
united for the national campaign. Mr.
Piatt's interview shows that the New
lork leaders are in line to assure victory
in that state. Mr. Blame's proclamation
for such ii really is-has a wider range,
since tew Americans, if any, have ever
had a more numerous personal following.
Like everything which lie writes, t he pa
per is clear and strong. Kvery voter who
can read or to whom it is read can under
stand it. In this respect, both the letter
of President Harrison nnd that of Mr.
lflaine arc models and marvels. Mr.
Blaine's explanation of reciprocity will
aid many , speakers iu presenting it to
voters. It is not confused or wrapped
around with the theories of free trade
which Demoeratie workers hold up to
their mystified and uncomprehending au
diences. His statement of results is equally
clear, ft has increased our national busi
ness to a point never before reached m our
It will bo interesting to see the Demo
cratic, speakers wrestle with the point he.
establishes that their modern party has
deserted Jefferson and repudiated his
tariff positions, jn short, it will be inter
esting to observe the process by which
Ihcy will attempt to meet this formidable
arraignment. It is a document which will
do yeomen service throughout Ihe cain-
What the Democratic Foreign I'olier
Did Not Do.
The Democratic platform declares that
it is the onlv narlv ihtt has given the
country a vigorous foreign policy. Well,
its vigorous foreign policy did not remove
the invidious and unfriendly discrimina
tion against ns by a large nomoer ot
Kuroeau countries, which positively pro
hibited the impoitation of our pork on the
untruthful pretext that it was dangerous
The foreign policv ot the present l.e-
niihlican administration did. and in spite
ot high duties and all the difficulties at
tending the sudden revival of a long-pro-
n toned trade in an oiiiciany smimeitMi
article, which the people had been taught,
to believe dangerous, in llm few months
that have elapsed this new market for the
Western farmers had amounted lo over
S-2.000, UOO up to .tunc lid Inst. Perhaps
that is why the Democratic convention
ainiabily remarked in its platform that the
Kepublican policy that policy under
which Ihe country has grown steadily
greater and more prosperous for thirty
years-fosters no ii.dustry so much as that
of Ihe sheriff.-K'Mff..r ifelrf.
ia .'Uw r.ariTiu : r.. . r. .Ve.'v, H'1-.!
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