Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 5, 1891)
: . - I IV...:::.
l.3 Sioux County Journal.
omcUl COCJiTT PAPER.
Subscription Price, $2.00
: j. sii
'Entered at the HarVUoii ort office as sec
ond elmaa RmtTLtjr.
THraaiiT, FSB. 5, mi:
. The first hill introduced in this state
senate was Senate File No. 1, by Senator
Wilson, of this district and provided for
toe suspension of the herd law in 'an y
township, precinct or county by : a ' vote,
so that stock could rang' at large over
fe' territory. The' bill 'was 'referred to
use1 committee on "agriculture and on
Jan. 26th was reported back with Tecon)
memfetioti that it he' indefinitely postpon-
On Wednesday, Setiator Wilson intro
duced Senate File No. 86, to repeal chap
ter 53, of the session laws of and to
amend section 10, article 3 chapter 2,
compiled statutes of 1387, eDtitled "Ag-
r!cuRm,u and to repeal said section so
ainendedV This it the law relating to
the herd law.
Th question' of hireling stock and pro
tecting1 the growing crops snd the prop
erly of settler's has been one of great ini
pbrtauce to the people of Sioux county
The first people who located in the eoun
ty were the owoers of herds of cattle, who
saw the opportunity to range their stock
on government land, the rich grasses fit
ting1 them for market without the own
ers etfen paying taxes on them. After a
time the homesteader came to spy out
the hind and secure for himself a piece of
reaf estate by converting the vriM pararie
into a farm. He was met by the cattle
men who sought to dissuade him from
h'is purpose, but this did not avail in all
cases. Matter's continued thus for some
time, until in 1888 a proposition to sus
pend the herd law and thus compel the
granger to fence his crop in order that
the cattle men might allow their herds
to wander at their own sweet will, vas
Submitted at the. general election. It
was evident that the proposition would
be defeated by a fair vote and when the
returns came, one precinct returned over
60 votes for free range, although it was
well known that there were not one
fburth that number of legal voters in the
precinct, birt the cattle interests were in
possession of machinery and the home
steaders were poor and no prosecutions
At tne legislative session of 1889 the
Jaw relating to' the suspension of the
herd law was repealed. It took effect in
fhe following June. As there was no
protection to crops until June, the farm
ers did not dare to put out crops as they
Would be destroyed by stock unless fenc
ed and they could not afford to fence, so
the year 1889, which was a fair crop sea
son", did little good to the settlers.
Since the herd law went into effect,
some people have held that because it
had been suspended by a vote, the law
passed by the, Lef islature was not in
force in Sioux county, and a number of
Cases are now pending in court growing
out of such advice, and a great deal ot
trouble has grown out of tlie matter.
Sioux county is bounded on the west
by Wyoming and on the north by South
lKvkota and in both of these states are
targe herds of cattle, which would be
turned foose upon this locality if the
herd law was removed.
The whole plan is directly opposed to
the interests of the farmers, and in the
' interests of a gang which is opposed to
Urns ieveiopement and progress of the
county. It is the same gang that denied
seat on tlie board of county commis
sioners to two different men who were
elected to represent the settlers. It is
tbe same gang that the people repudi
ated at tbe polls in Piovember, 1889; that
had run the county into debt to the in
terest of their special pets; it is tlie same
.gang mat Attempted to Keep the legally
.elected officers from taking their secti
on the 9th' of January 1890, and made
it necessary for tlie settlers to be on hand
prepared lor the worst u the tools ol
the cattle barons refused to peacefully
mubmit to the, will of the people,
There are but a few of tint class, but
there are enough to keep tbe county in a
turmoil and deter people irom coming
.here to settle. Many of the largest cat
tle owners ia tbe country are satisfied as
the matter now stands, for it prevent
the great herds or range cattle fron
eommg in coon Wyoming and South
Dakota And eating up the feed and leav
ing their cattle astray, and also gives the
owner of small Jienls an opportunity to
.improve the grade of their cattle, whicl
could - not be uooe u the range
atocB was permitted to over-run tin
.country , but there are some who are ap
jfwwiuy poMfcaied with the same spirit ah
were unve ana nis gang when they mur
.derad and burned Alitchel and Ketchum
in Custer county some years ago.
The state of Nebraska, owes much ol
its rapid aettlenieot to tlie fact that the
farmers were not obliged to fence thei
Jano. ine men woo develops a new
(Country are ae a rule poor and those ol
extreme northwest county are no excep
tion to the rule. '
What is the am of the tatefurnishinj.
uwoqana eeea to me etuera it the same
-legWature that made an appropriation
imaaw law - penntiung tne crop:
:to he destroyed hf cattle unless a fence
.MBpfoetrabie by range bulls is built
Mwiad it. If free-range is to be eetuh
Usbed the legislature should also make
) ppopriatton to enable homesteader
ito build feaeeaVeftw it will be oecesnarj
itoeefyijr Una with the necessaries ol
ilire year after Vear.
Tbe. hwrttabie hardships which have to
lbe net by pioneers are enough, to which
!ba bee added the Indian scare and now
tto jtaMfattata ft fight between tbe cattle
m the ttMasjers, k not in keeping
With the gewrmi spirit to assist the noot
V" wewt oevwv iovr ovsuiuoa.
Prof, liiidd n f t Sugar.
Tr-p I ji Homestead.
The possibility of producing beet sugar
in America in quantities surticieut to
supply the enormous home demand is
one of the questions tlrat are now pre
dominent iu the minds of the American
people and espet ially farmers. For t ! ns
reason great interest was manifested if
the paper read by Prof BudJ at the re
cent meeting of tlie -tock breeders at
Oskaloosa, After sketching tl orgit.
and history of beet itr. a chemical
discovery in It IT a manufactured pro
duct in 101, established as au industry
in Spain and Germany in 1 10 the crop
amounting to eight and a half billion
pounds in Europe in 19 the profe-soi
proceeded to describe the soil and dimaU
adapted to tbe plant . as follows:
)u Euro) the most profitable prowiiif:
of the sugar licet has twet rwiclud on
easily worked aria hie in;mutain drift mm)
sm-h'as are found in parts' of. California.
Utah, Colorado, Kansas ami Nel rasak.
or on glacial drift with quite a large per
centage of lime such as is found in our
mimtrv m-pr hirire parts of the prairie
during sU k,
a jwn.d of truj
iiiie.-es' and en-!
mi! dltenng of 'lie
iui. are ', t-rre-llv un;e!sUKl that a
viraitiaeofUowu s:xar is pro-
reat ijii:ii)'.ny. uir - i
llic reiiuery at bu'
1 r, i i - f.ict that
1, ab.nt have a j.rolit
:.r, and that fit"" 1"
!,r..lits of tlie
mai ly d'lutdod
v. irs wljen tle
i,au,-,l value of kinds are a.i-.
even m the tuost pritnune
whi'h is taken l'i
,t :.l )i.t tii- same price a
t a:i 1
K..rTrr !:.--. V"rtl'j"'
V ,,., ItlU MS. lt-
mn K. By i(.vein,, 1 1 Urn),
iditps. pas of Hie Missouri to 1-iKe .uicit-
igaii. I was jtured by Sir JJeury Vil
morin, of France , who has a worid-wid.-reputation
as an improver of the suyai'
lieet, tliat, with given varieties, richest
insular the hige-t per cent one ytai
with another has lieeii readied on the
glacial drift soils of south Kussia. north
of the Carpathian and 'aucaucus ranges
of mountains, in character of drift and
underlying limestone these parairies are
almost a perfect counterpart of large
parts of Iowa, and if W3 trace iso
thermal lines around the earth we will
lind that the line of July August and the
lirst half of Keptenifierheat of tlie part
of Iowa lying ln-tween the -tl-t and 4Md
liaraMels cisses througli the Province ol
Kiev in Russia, which lias about one
hundred and fifty sugar lie-t factories,
supplied with the richest grade of Wfs
that can 1 grown in west Europe-.
With our young experience we can pro
'itably study the interest as devep-d ji,
the old worid. This will lead us to sus
pect that the mountain drift west of th"
Missouri will not produce beets as rich in
sugar as large areas of our glacial drifts
and the analysis of Vilmorin's Iw-st vari
eties at Ames as enmparied with tlie test
of the same varieties at (hand Island,
Nebraska, appears to conlirni this view.
While it may lie we will now and t hen
have too wet a season for'tbe highest per
cent of sugar, we have the liest reason
for believing that during a period of ten
vears we will be able to grow more tons
to the acre on an average and that they
will grade at least two per cent richer
in sugar lor a line penou as an average.
Judging also by European results we
can say that tlie expectations ol beet
sugar enthusiasts of south Iowa and the
parts of the West where the heat during
the growing period reaches an average
of 74o will not lie realized. In Fram e,
Spain and Italy, so far as I could learn,
the beet sugar interest has not proven
remunerative or satisfactory at any
point where the summer heat of the last
ha If of the growing period reached an
average of 74) .
The general impression being that beet
sugar can be manufactured only in large
factories,, the professor stated the ob
stacles that must be encountered as fol
(1) The transportation of the beets is
expensive. Hie grower within three
miles ol the lactory has an immense ad
vantage over the one who hauls his roots
a d.'itance of from six to ten miles, and
the grower who ships by rail even a dis
tance of twenty miles loses mainly or
wholly bis margin of profit This be
comes a serious matter when it is under
stood that the Grand Island plant con
sumes in one week all the roots which
can be grown on suitable land in the
(2) lbe feeding value of the tops and
the factory pulp is an important neigh
borhood consideration. As a nutritious
and healthful feed the pulp is far more
valuable than is suspected in this coun
try, and one that can be fed for months
alter it is stored. 1 saw mounds of it in
perfect condition six months after its re
moval from the factory. It is put up in
conical mounds and covered with straw
and earth as we cover potato mounds, or
it can be stored in bin i and piles more
clieaply constructed than those used for
(3) With our recently restricted ex
perience it is risky to invest so large a
sum as '2.'j0,0(X) near a large citv with
surroundings such as those of JJes iloiues
Omaha or Kansas City, where the land is
exceedingly variable and only in small
parts adapted to the growing of high
He then goes on to show that in Rus
sia the great bulk of sugar is manufact
ured i.. small. plants, probably costing in
America from $0,000 to $10,000. He de
scribes one of these, which he visited
personally, in the following:
In many cases these factories are own
ed and managed by a little syndicate ol
farmers who grow the lieets" and make
the best possible use of the tons and null)
for stock feeding and keeping up the fer
tility 01 their lands. 1 visited one ol
these farmer plants near the city of Kiev
with a capacity for turning out twenty
barrels of brown sugar ier day during
the fall and early winter months the cost
of which would not here exceed $r,000.
including building machinery and fix
tures. The diffusion cells were of wood.
The one large boiler furnished steam for
the heating chest through which the cell
coimecuiig pipes passeu, lor pulping up
tne roots, lor lumping anil lor the suc
cessive stages of evaporation. The plan
of boiling down did not differ very ma
terially from that used in the bext
sorghum factories of the pararie states,
except that the skimming, liming, filter
ing, etc., were more perfectly systemized
and the pan in which the final boiling
was done was covered, and combined in
a simple way the main essentials of the
vacuum pan. Each one of the small
squad of hands employed worked contin
ually at his allotted post, and everything
went on with tlie clock like regularity of
tlie big .factories. The only drawback
that 1 could discover was that of sending
the brown sugar not used in tlie neigh
borhood to tbe largo city refineries for
With the present outlook I would pre
fer taking stock in ten factories costing
110,000 each, properly located among
beet producing fields, than in tine big
factory located near one 6f our great
cities. The dividends would certainly Ih.
4largw, and it is equally ttrUuii tUt the,,
f.f Kiev for
mole 1 rfe.
A f. r ct'i!
I, all si."J 1
vr cent of s
to fveirtv t-ns l-er acre
planted eighteen in ties
rows, anil that the pru t of
the l e. t abrne ground has but a "'
.1.. ..C. .fills
,a sip'.ir. me. nui..
ia! attei.lion to a most im;
bl the follow nig.
I to draw sj-eei.d attention to the
r. .1 ,i.-,t cvikTts are not as ni'iner-
o'lis in 'htirope as many suppose.
,1 l-'.-.rer who has worked
l ie. and bis fatftt-r before hun.-ia the;
!..( sugar factory. also! v.y '
nothing about tie machm ?: y a a i".
.,r t- general dctus of X:i work.
isui.exi-.-rt m his e,.e ial division re
HV ,- a. the skilled workman 111 our
stmiJ'S. 11 mi i.im
n'ece '.vol!; liiaci.ine
v. '.ih one of 1 i lev; men of superior nieii
,:,) a.'tivi'v he will assure you that be is
icjiiuiiib d with nil parts of the work.
V,t in practice such a man will bring
d. lister to any factory as manager in
.-hief. The EiiroK.an manager inEuivpt;
jf even a small factory must have the
same training which Mr. OxiiurJ of
Cratid island received. Ho must become
familiar with all the underlying princi
ples in chemicals, physics, etc., in the
gymnasium and tecliliii.il school, to
Which u.tist le added an extended appren
ticeship as head foreman under a skilled
manager. At some of the tediiiii-al
choo!s in S,!esia and south Russia, the
-peciul student has his lessons ill applied
sciences supplemented by daily practice
in a small model beet sugar factory con
nected with tbe school. Tlie point J wish
to make is, that no 111:1:1 should lie n.ist
ed to Miin riiiteiid the ereelion and man
agement of a sugar plant who lias not
coma no in the regulation way, m did
Mr. Ox'nard, and ail otner sifoce.v-ful
managers. The failure at Prec.ort, 111.
and at other points, has come from the
eiiiplovment of nun who have only been
skillful in a single division of tbe work.
Here is an important matter for our
agricultural colleges to consider. This
industry cannot lie developed extensive
ly without expert managers, and the
i-nnntrv cannot deix.nd for tho-e on the
foreigner. Experts cannot be trun?d 111
I he school room alone. There is only one
way to teach them anything tl orougbly
and that is to do it. Icssoiis on dairying
do no! make a dairyman, nor d lectures
on farming make a farmer. Even the
Bible itself can lie understood only by
practicing its precepts. So mure can
beet sugar making be learned except by
actual work in a sugar factory. The en
tire siihjwt is one of great importance,
end there is much preliminary work to
do. The first thing is for the farmers to
learn how to grow beets with a large
per cent of sugar. The rest will come in
The national framer-i alliance held a
meeting in Omaha last week. I clegate-i
were present fr an a number of stales
and plans wer- prepared for active work
of organizing'. ' fhe success of t lie alli
asce last fall as a political organization
is stimulating fhe lenders to greater ef
Tlie inji'M' tioii m ilter of Thrive:
against Boyd did not come up in the su
preme court last Tlmr-day. It is likely
that the attorneys had come to tlie con
clusion that an injunction would not be
issued by the court in such a case, and
the question will now be settled by the
quo warranto proceedings.
BANK OF HARRISON,
Transacts a General Banking Business
Bavs Sdcol Or.r .( ounty ami Village Warrants.
s-J-lnteiest Viud on lime it-posus.
Loans Money on Improved Farms.
CHAS. E. HOLMES, CASHIER.
v I u.liin, -LJeUUh..t .
I ' - - ' -
J C. llen S r,',7slk.
T II. H-nloo. 1
John K. Hill -- Tr,
i;. ii.iimiiik . """'rc
A. It. Iluiutir'y iMtii -uiih.
A. k. t.uu'ly ipt. lllbik
WE HAVE JUST KD'EIVE!) A
CAR OF FLOUR.
all -lti..tr.l jtra.l.-s, lii. li w ill lie m,1.I nt lo-l IHIr-K l-nee-.
IKIOTS AND SHOES.
Ladies Shoes. Good Quality. 1.25 a pair.
Indies Slices, WARKANTEi . only 1.T5 a pair.
Mens' felt Hoots 0'i cents a pair, and others equally cheap.
Felt Hoots and ItiibU rs ii. 10, t HEAFEST ON K.VHT11!
C.kkI fh-ade of Prints. 7j cents a yard.
Overshoes 1.4" a pair.
Bargains in Dry Goods and Clothing.
Call and be Convinced.
toSi.KK'.-M'NAl. I'M f., iT!o
A. I'ili H ...I . s. futi)t,
C. t. Miilfron P. S. "ftistor 1
W. J. 'miell. t'onirmnnui lt IHL,ft
,eo. W. V.. IHr y, 5d " rrt
timsn tol'b... IliW JuIm, Uin
. Mirll AH-Ut. Jwttf-, trr
T. I.. Jiorval AK-iate Jurtf,,
i. A. l'uiplirU..riiTli n! lU'iort-r, Ltv,
TWK.1.KTII jriliri.il. UHTBH7 f
X. r. KirikHl'l J'l,(rvr
Conrad l.lii'leiiin.... l-rk, Hinr
or.NTT nm( FRS: i
. flmlier until j JL,.v
utirn-l I lmleiiian . i!A
M. J. (iaytmrt Trt;
A. siittiiirtU t-tipt. I'll 1,1 It- la.t-. !
ni.Bi. Iteiily m.'
;-o. J. Metier i utt
A. K. IH'W hnnr.
toiirurt I.imleHimi Clerk of HlstrlrK
II. T. oilier l om ij Attoy?
ItoAHK OK )MMlsONH!- 5.
Chum. I', t.rove, (chaimian) Win,
J. A. I.imi VI .
t . W. K iKitl lt
w. wiuim s,.,tr) rnt so. u.ctac,.
H. I., liei.tll Hep., Il. So. sa, Kn..
VII. I. At. K OKKICKRH:
C. II. Welii-r ii'lmlriiiati ) Trx'
W.K. Smltli .'
J. t . Northrop ... ' I
I ". K. Hilinr" - - -
W. It. WrShK y
C. K, Vrrtty.. i.'fl
i. r. piivt- Tiwj..
K IHMil. Ot rU KKS: L
S. I. li. MllillC Pile'" Y"V:
W . li. su.llli Mirtml, 1
I.. W. II.-HT lt.,I
Ul-trlrt Court, - At llsrri-on, ciirniiA. ,
t elirmiry li.tli mul Wit-mtier fth.'lK. v V.
Comity Mirt,-At ilnrrtMin, roninn !
flrt MiiikIht ol each niontli. '
H is reported that the B. & M. will
build from Alliance to Chyeiine during
the coming season. In this Sioux coun
ty is interested for it will put several
miles of track in this county and will
thus increase the wealth and also have
a tendency to at tract new settlers. Let
the good work go on.
A bill to fix a maximum freight rate
was introduced in the legislature and
was about to be reported favorable by
the house committee, when it was found
that the rates proposed were higher than
those now in force. The legislature will
find that it is not an easy task to adjust
rates and work no injustice to any party
or place interested.
The bill re-district the state for con
gressional purposes divides it into six
districts, as that is the numlier of con
gressmen to which the state is entitled
under the apportionment bill which has
been passed by songress. Sioux county
will be in the sixth district, which will
be about l"fl miles north and south by
.rJa miles east and west.
Groceries Fresh and Prices Low.
FRESH and SALT MEATS always on hand.
Geo. H. Turner.
Of sfwalli'd cotiElM'iires On little more than
impair the digestive fuin-Uons anil create
Wle. Avar's Cherry lVtioru, on the con
trary, while it euri'H the couidi. dot's not In
tci fere Willi the functions of either stomach
or liver. No other mi'ilii:iiie h so safe anrl
cflliaeloiis In (Uncases ot the throat and
"Four yean aco 1 took a severe cold, which
was followed by a terrible couiili. I was
very sick, and confined to my bed about four
monllisi, I employed a physician most of
tlie time, who finally said I was hi ronsuinp
tion, ami that he enuld not help me. One of
my neighbors advised me to try Ayer's
Cherry Pectoral. I did so. and, hefore I hud
finished taking the first bottle was able to
sit up all the lime, and to (ro out. By the
time I had finished the bottle I was well, and
have remained so ever since." L. I), llixliy,
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
DR. J. C. AYEH & CO., Lowell, Mass.
Sold by all DnigglnU. l'ricc $1 ; tlx boltlei,
Wa O strcH t, I-liieoln, Net).
Practice liniitetl to diseases of the
Read the press notices,
Send for symptom chart,
State your case.
If you are sii k and want to get well,
write nil about yourse lf.
No trouble to read letters: send stamp
B. E. Bkewstkr,
F. ( ' IFKKK,
! 14.-i2 0 St.
('HAS. JAMESON, Cashier.
General Banking Business
I have a good well drilling machine
and ant ready to drill any sized well on
i snort nonce. terms cood and nrices
low. Postoflice, Harrison.
0. S. Scott.
L. E. BELDEN & SON,
Wagon and Carriage Makers.
lieiralrhiK done 011 liort notb c
(;ood work awl rratonnhle rhnrtren.
I'lll'm MKS ASDStHlKTtK
M. I'.. hnretj- 1'mn litiin en nj; wtn,
sini'liiy ut 0:3i a. tn., mid every mmkIkvi,
liitf nt ::,. K. V.. K. IIomii K, Vt-i'
Itev. WllllHllI Wllnon pn-a he 11 ' ' 1
-hnreheaei Hlt4-riiHt M"sloesy wntt, I .
C 1 '
lieKlnnlDir nt 7::io.
Kptt-opsl m-rvieri l the t'linrt b ? " '
I' ri'tiiy evening tntWMn tht lwn4-.
flaywiif eHetiiiioritti.pondurti by Rt ,
l iiloti su!,,My -s inxii every Humliyt &
- i. K. K. K. Holm 1 '( ,
Ultile School tiiM-Ui nt the cliiiri lit!...
ilny afternooii at S o'clock.
n. (', I. lun-m.if v
And All Point in the-1
Shop nomii of livry tmni.
TC 1... l.:..l..4 ...... :.. .1 . . . , .
xi i.n-5 K ginpinuie is tievermineu to re
peal the law providing for a hoiiutv on
hect suar, it should pa.ss one porviding
a bounty to be paid to the farmers for
growing sugar lwets. The industry
should lie encourafd and if there is a
good thing in the business for tho rnuriu
facturer, it should l m(J(le a g(KXj tlin
for the farmers, "
William Windom, secretary of the
treasury, died ut New York on Wednes
day evening, Jan. atlth. Hu was at a
RMMiwi i;i in tM,aru ol trade of that
city and had just closed a sK;ech when
he heeamo very pale and exj,ired in tt
few moments. The cause was heart
trouble. Secretary Windotp Wils a
statemun of marked ability and hud
worked his way up from a .farm,.,. v
to a member of the cabinet. His dealt,
w uaivernu,!' retfretkO,
II. T. CONLEY, Lawyer.
Loans no Money, !
H.pp-,eiiN no tiiMir.im'p t onipjiiy uini ,m !
110 hiii.l lo sell bn Kxo hi entire lime si.. !
HtU'iitlon to the pinctieeof the Ihw. j
IlABHWW, . . . N EDM AK A. I
C. E. HOUIKS,
Allhushie.ntnn.ty:fUohlHciire w r,.
eclvc prompt nnd eiiivfnl nttcntlon.
HUilifHON, . . kkrhaska.
Will rntcticeUforeHlleoiiiUanrl t1(. p.
S. Und firthe. li,hie, .,,tri)Ht.-. i my
tftre will rwciv. j,rtnpi. Hti,.ti.
East, North, South it
Tmhouoh Tickets TO ALt P9
Hnt-KH(fe rlin kH to liilliutw
Tttrmiirli Vnlnco Slrcprr bcttret
Valley hii1 lle'loKt.
J. ( ', Xoirnmor. SsA
H. d. Ut irr.
J. R. fii-oum
L. O. HULL,
AIAKWSOW,, - . wbAW4.
Agcnt ron WindMiu
Powered by Open ONI