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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 31, 1889)
Sioux County Journal,
IK-A-IRI&ISOiN", IfcTIEIB., 31, 1889.
Vi, r3CC3UESS AT TUB
4" ft i ''t
I have just received a CAR
5 v 'if. Yours for business,
D. H. GR1SWOLD.
. . ,- : :
iltfittlie Management return Thanks to
Jt of Everything m the laie of Geuer
ent a continuance of the siuno.
1s Lor ire Stock of Oats, corn, chop Feed Su: ..
3 IS PRICES DEFIEtf.
Swal office F. C. Sbcksskn, Secretary..
'? LUMBER CO..
il, Grain, Lath
THE SIOUX COUNTY
W. E. Palfirson, Proprirtor.
The Herd Law in the Legislature.
We clip from the State Journal the
following item of interest, being an ex
tract from the doings of the House on
January 26, and is self explanatory.
"H. R. 95 was taken up. It is a bill
to reeal sections 9 and 10 of article 3
of chapter 2 of tlie compiled statutes of
Nebraska of 18S7, entitled 'Agriculture.'
"The repeal of the above sections will
make the herd law obtain all over the
"Gilchrist said that the fence law, or
the law to permit stock to run loose,
had wrought great hardship upon the
settlers of the frontier. Crops had been
grown clear to the northwest corner of
the state and it is a recognized fact that
Nebraska is an agricultural state. Sioux
county was today overrun by the ranch
men with their cattle, destroying the
crops of the farmers who could not af
ford to fence their farms.
"Burnham held that the law as it
now exists is the best thing for his
county. Every farmer lias three times
as much open land as cultivated and as
posts are cheap they can fence in the
small piece of cultivated land and then
turn their cattle loose on the large, oen
prairies. As the law now exists each
county can decide for itself and the
county of Keya Paha will be much let
ter off with the fence law than it would
be to compel people to herd their cattle.
"Everett spoke earnestly on the ques
tion. He said that in Cedar county the
large cattlemen want to run out the
small farmers. They are opposed to the
herd law. They want the small farmers
to fence their farms so that the herds of
the big cattlemen can roam at pleasure
over the county. He thought it'was un
just to permit these big cattlemen to de
stroy the business of the small farmer.
'Gilchrist again took the floor. He
spoke eloquently upon the bill, saying
that the small farmer on the frontier
should be protected agains the herds of
Wyoming. The man who turns up the
soil in the new counties, who builds
houses and plants trees, should be pro
tected against the rich ranchmen. , Oiicl
state is no longer a cattle range. It is
the home of the farmer. The cattle bus
iness is no longer to be conducted in
large herds. What is known as close
herding by the small farmer is now the
practical way to manage the raising of
cattle, not in large droves roaming here
and there and eating up the crops of the
settlers on the frontier.
"Coleman of Antelope held that the
law should be left as it is, and let every
county decide the question for itself.
"Morrisey arose and said that tlie gen-
tlemun w1k opposed this bill seemed to
be very much in favor of permitting
each county to take care of its own af
fairs. He would be in favor of the same
idea if the gentlemen would apply the
same thing to the prohibition question.
'Fieldgrove was in favor of protect
ing the farmer on the frontier and com
pelling titer cattlemen to herd their cat
tle and keep them off the lands of the
"Whitehead came to the support of
the bill in a ringing speech, in which he
said that while Custer county is at pres
ent not troubled by the large cattemen's
herds, yet( only a few years ago,- when
settlers were distressed by the same
trouble tint now harrassed the settler on
our western border. There was a time
in Custer county when the herds of the
cattlemen not only ate up the erops of
the settler, but in many instances they
leveled the houses and barns of the
homesteader to the ground.
The time was when this name difficul
ty caused murder after murder in Custer
county and shook the state from centre
to circumference. But the settlers had
fought the ranchmen and tlieir cow boys
from year to year untir the big herds
were linally withdrawn from the county.
Having liad the bitter experience of
this fence law nuisance lie would be in
favor of coming to the rescue of the
small farmers on the frontier and com
pelling the rich cattlemen to take care
of their stock or pay for the crops they
On motion of Caldwell the committee
arose and asked leave to sit again.
The house received the report and took
a recess until 2 p. m.
Called to order at 2 p. m. ,
Receiving tb reports of me cdmtnit
tees upon the engrossing of bills intro
duction of bills was called for.
Rolls 284 to 287 were introduced and
read. Also senate (lies 12, 19 and 48.
On motion of Hall the house went into
committee of the whole with Burnham
in the chair.
; H.RW wan first considered,' Itintlw
bllrWhlerr'Wfts being considered at trw
nwrhlH sMsioii 1 when the corrfmfttes
wwim)imioti th-option1 M
Gilchrist spoke forcibly on tlie bill,
urging tlie gentlemen of the house to
stand up for the settlers on the frontier.
Caldwell moved tliat the bill be passed
by for the present until the members of
tlie house had given tlie bill further con
sideration. Tlie motion was carried."
That tlie farmers liave a champion and
friend in our Representuti ve, the Hon.
Mr. Gilchrist, is plainly apjiarent. His
position on this question is only" similar
to his position on every question that is
in lianuony with the fanners' interests.
An expert hoi-seman, who lias care
fully studied the mouths of horses at
different ages, can judge pretty accur
ately how old an animal is, at least up
to a certain age.
The following, quoted by the Lancet
Clinic, from the Dublin Farmer's Ga
zette, will interest every one who is de
sirous of becoming prolicient in this bus
iness; "The foal is born with twelve grinders,
When four front teeth have made their
appearance, the colt is twelve days old,
and when the next four assert them
selves its age will be twenty-eight days.
The corner teeth make tlieir apiiearance
when the foal is eight months old, and
these latter attain the height of the
of the front teeth at the age of a year.
The two-year-old has the kernel, the
dark substance in the middle of the
tooth's crown, ground out of all the
front teeth. In the third year the mid
dle front teeth are shifted, and when
three years old these are substituted by
the permanent (or horse) teeth, which
are larger and more yellow than their
predecessors. The next four teeth are
shifted in the fourth year, and the corner
teeth in the fifth, giving place to the
"At five years of age a horse has for
ty teeth, of which twenty-four are
grinders, far back in the iaw, with
which we have little to do. But,
remembered, horses invariably
, be it
tusks which mares very rarely do.
fore the age of six is arrived at the
is full grown, and has a slight groove on
ts internal surface (which generally dis
appears with age, the tusk itself becom
ing more rounded ana blunt,) ana at six
the kernel or mark is worn out of the
middle front teeth. There will still be a
difference of color in the middle of the
Tlie tusks have now attained their full
growth, being nearly or quite an inch in
length, convex without, concave within,
tending to a point and extremity some
what curved. Now, or perhaps some
months before, the horse may be said to
have a perfect mouth.
"At seven years the mark, as describ
ed, is very nearly worn out of the four
center nippers, and fast wearing away in
the corner teeth, especially in mares; but
the black still remains in the center fit
the teeth, and is not completely filled
until the animal is eight years old. As
he gets on past seven( the bridle teeth
begin to wear away.
"At eight the kernel has entirely dis
appeared from all the lower nippers, and
begins to decrease in the middle nippers.
It is How said to be 'past mark of mouth.'
There are indications however( after
this age, which will enable . a very
shrewd observer to guess very closely
at a horse's age, but none that can be
relied upon by observers. As horses be
comes advanced in years llie gums
shrink away and the teeth exhibit a long
and narrow appearance; they lean more
forward and assume an arched shape,"
(Jueer Foreign Freaks.
The Cfcar of Russia has established a
honk in Poland. The money is lonned to
the farmers, secured by their land.
When bad years come ho interest is col
lected. Great Britain advanced the money
to drain the wet farm lands of that coun
try. Five per cent of the capital was
returned annually for twenty years and
one year more to pay tlie expense of
handling) when the debt was cancelled
and the land drained.
Cleveland had just as much authority
to loan that $57,000,000 to the farmers
as he had to loan it to the bankers who
now loan it to business men to move the
crops. It wohld have been a master
move in Drover if he had tried that way
of putting the surplus in circulation.
James Wilson in Iowa Homesteadi
Miss Lottie- Kovcei whose heroic ac
tion during the Nebraska blizzard in sav
ing tlie lives of her school children has
iriven her a nllice amowr tlm heroines of
tlie country, lw fully rscdrered from
the illness caused by lier exposure to th
bitter cold and by the amputation of
lier frozen limbs. Althotlgh n !opeless
cripple for life tM little' wtotnan looks
bravely toward tlm fUtlMi MM bears lier
Atte wlthiWKiltttJttttWavtht Cheerful
The following is an extract from a let
ter written by a gentleman who lives
only a short distance east of here to one
of the newsjiapers at his former home in
Iowa and there published. It describes
this part of Nebraska so definitely that
one might suppose he had been viewing
Sioux county while writing.
"For a good, healthy and pleasant
climate, good, rich and productive soil,
pure Sarkling water, rich and nutrici
ous grasses, yood crops, and every tiling
calculated to make a pleasant and prof
itable place to live, we will st'ike north
western Nebraska against the world, j
Indeed our climate is absolutely fine, I
and to average it for the year we think
it will beat the Pacific coast. Eartl
quakes anil tornadoes are nnknown in
this Mirt of Nebraska. In fact, when
we take everything into consideration
and consider it lairly, we nnd that na
ture has done a great deal for this coun
try, and that we get but little of the bit
ter and any amount of the sweet, and
when the country becomes fully devel
oped and improved, we will have one of
the most leautiful countries on the face
ot tlie globe, ncli and fertile in the ex
treme. Our natural grasses furnish
good feed for stock the year round, and
now the range cattle are thriving and
doing well without any feed whatever
except the grass as it grew and cured ov
er the prairies. It is true that it is not
all honey up here, and that the settlers
have to endure privation, but the day
is near at hand when they can live at
their ease and look back and thank heav
en they came to Nebraska when they
The Iowa Railroad Law.
In discussing Judge Brewer's decision
in ttie Jowa railroad case, the inter
Ocean brings out prominently the fact
that while railroad stock lias decreased
in the market, railroad bonds have in
creased. Considering this fact the Inter
Ocean says: The fact is that a great
deal of our American railway system
was almost wholly built and equipped
by bonds, and to that extent the latter
really represent all the actual invest
ment made. Here, for example, is a
railway which cost fifteen millions of
stock and twelve millions of bonds.
That would be no specially unusual con
dition of affairs, Tlie bonds were turned
over to construction and equipment
companies in payment for the road and
rolling stock. The contractors figured
the bonds at par in making their arrang
ments, but gladly sold them for seventy
five cents on a dollar, and made money
at that. The stock was substantially all
a bonus, and the bedrock cost was not to
exceed eight millions. In many cases
the showing would be still worse than
this if the bottom facts could be arrived
at, and the par value of stock and bonds
would be at least three times the actual
cost of the property. Now such stock
as that never ought to be dividend pay
ing. If the line develops enough net
revenue to redeem the coupons of the
bonds as they fall due, that ought to be
enough, and even an occasional lapse
would hardly be a serious infraction of
justice. To attempt to put rates high
enough to make such shares of stock
revenue-bearing is trying to squeeze
blood out of a turnip. That investors
are more and more realizing- the situa
tion, as shown by the Wall street mar
ket reports of the last year, is an encour
aging sign of the times. Ex.
For the next three months We expect
to publish a great number of letters
written by parties here relative to the
country and its many advantages for
successful farming and stock raising,
and if you are interested in having your
friends back east know just how good
a country this is, subscribe for the Jour
nal and have it sent to thenll For this
purpose we propose to donate half and
wijl send the paper at half price to non
residents for the next three months,
Remember; only one dollar will send the
Journal to your friend for a year; fifty
cents for six months and twenty-five
cents for three months. Do this and
assist in giving Sioux county a genuine
If I hnd the teachiror of one hundred
blessed girls today, I would drop the lan
guages and the classics and the accom
plishments from the list; I would close
un the text books and turn ths black-
boards' Ethiopian faces to tlie wall and
give a solid years lesBon in human nature-.
How they average in Latin
should be of not so much account as
how tlyvteroge in honor and loyalty
and heaven born nuritvt What marks
they made in Algebra should matter lit
tie compared to what sweet deeds of
courtesy and helpful lov they scored
from day to day.' Ttleir standing in
scholarship ahouW' pole into' insignifi
cance Uefbre theif standing inthe ability
h. O. HULL,
HARRISON, - NEB.
Will practice before all courts and the
United States land otlice.
Business entrusted to my care will re
ceive prompt attention.
HARRISON, - - NEB.
H. T. CONLEY,
Will practice in all State mid Federal
courts, and United States Laud oflice.
Pre-emption and tirnl)er culture filings
Contests initiated, prosecuted or de
fended. Office on Main street,
fl. F, THOMAS, -
GENERAL- LAND AGENT
FIFTEEN YEARS EXPERIENCE;
Is well acquainted with the U. S. land
laws and rulings of this depart ineU..
Keeps plats of Sioux county and eastern
Wyoming, and has done work from
Chadron-to the Laramie plains, am! from
North Platte to the Dakota line. Ue fur
nishes good entertainment to visitors and'
immigrants in this the most wonderful
corner of Nebiiiska. H miles norm west
of Harrison. Have 640 acres of me best'
winter pasture to let.
HARRISON NOVELTY W'KS.
All kinds of
Wood &Iron Work
New and Improved Machinery is Con-'
stantly being added.-
Solicit Your Patronage,
C. L. TUBUS, Prop.
M. H Warneke,
Is always rerkdy, assisted by hisgenial
olerk,-Mr ThomS Reidy, to wait upon
their many customers vvith a
Dry Goods, Boots arid' Shoes, Groceries,
Queertswiire, FloUry Feed Ac. &c, at
lowest1 Bd& RoGfc riees:
(4lVit tl4tj CAiiL ANIV
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