The weekly independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1893-1895, August 29, 1895, Image 4

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    Y
i 5 f
JFABM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS
Of- INTEREST
TO
AGRICULTURISTS.
fiombu t'p-to-I)at Hint About C'nltWa
tlon of the Soil anil Ylclrl Thyeof
Horticulture. Ylll. iiltiire unil lurl-
vutxnro.
ONDON LIVE
Stock Journal says:
Fashion doubtless
has much to do
'DislyJ wUh the color of
Hi . eTTLX .nrM hut It. la
nevertheless cer
tain that the acci
dent of a fashion
able and prepotent-sire
being of
a particular 6hade
of jacket may materially influence the
future of the breed to which he may
happen to belong. At present it ap
pears that the favorite color in the
Hackney of the future will be chest
nut, as the majority of the leading stal
lions of the day. from the great
Danegelt downward, are of this shade
of coat. His Majesty is of this color,
and so ore Ganymede, Carton Duke of
Connaught, Connaught, M. I'., and
many other eminent sires of the day,
and other good horses too numerous to
mention. The championship at the
Hackney Society's show has, moreover,
only fallen to the lot of one horse that
was not a chestnut, the animal in ques
tion being Mr. Flanders' brown Reality;
whilst it will be seen from the report
of the "Royal" show last week that a
very large share of the prizes fell to
animals of this uhade of color. From
dice against chestnuts is gradually fol
lowing the fate of many other ancient
superstitions, which ordained that the
animals possessed of this shade of coat
were cither Intemperate or soft, or both,
whilst it never seems to have entered
the minds of the detractors of this
splendid color that the shade of ches
nut varies from almost a brown to the
very lightest tinge of gold. Still, it is
strange to say, it Is quite enough to
describe a horse as a rhestnutto get him
refused by some otherwise very sensi
ble persons. I'erli.ips the color Inde
pendently of its uimightliness in th"
eyes of some to dangle before the
vision of the ordinary horse buyer nho
is not horsey Is the roan. This shade,
be it either red or blue, is popularly be
lieved to be confined to animals of the
hardiest constitutions, though -why the
writer can scarcely be expected to
, as the two largest veterinary
s' bills he ever had to pay were
s of this color, and the memory
same still rankles his mind.
though somhrelooklng. are
y popular, but scores of other-
nslble persons are unaccount-
Jrejudiced against blacks, which
consider unlucky, and others are
Zinced are vicious. Greys, in which
Ntfere is a steady tendency to grow
lighter in color as their age Increases,
are seldom favorites either with master
or with man. for when they are cast
ing their coats they disfigure the cloth
ing of the former, whilst their liability
to be stained in the stable causes extra
trouble to their grooms. Still, grey is
a good, sportsmanlike color, and the
wonder is that It Is not more popular
with country gentlemen. May, of course,
Is the carriage-horse color par excel
lence, the esteem with which It is re
garded being perhaps more a matter of
fashion than of th intrinsic merit pos
sessed by horses of this shade of coat,
though he would be a bold man who
would depr riatc the beauty of a bay.
Gaudy white markings are naturally
disliked, and especially so by persons
of good taste, in whose eyes white stock
ings and broad blazes are particularly
this it will appear that the old preju
offenslve. Moreover, a white kg and a
light-colored hoof are usually associat
ed in the minds of the majority of
horse-owners with delicacy, whilst the
very sight of a skewbald is obnoxious
to scores of persons. Yet how greatly
the presence of an oddly-marked mover
sets off the appearance of many a sport-
log team, and it is somewhat remark
able to be able to add that some of the
most successful show winners of the
day for instance. Mr. Pope's grand old
agple for eleven successive years a
loyal" winner, and her near relative.
f Frlsby's Movement, are respective-
a piebald and a skewbald. Such colors
or cream can scarcely be exoect-
appeal favorably to th visions of
g
1 1
'
. 4 H
taste or artistic Intellects, yet Her
Maiestv's creams are popularly regard
ed by the British public with feelings
akin to veneration, in spite of the fact ,
tbat they are foreign-bred, and not ex-
an!v n taw cni'tv tnt Anrnnn nf thp '
aforesaid creams which, as all the f
world who Is interested in horses proba
bly is well aware, hail from Hanover
it may be said that the Ilerrenhausen
stud, whence they come, likewise pos
sesses a strain of pure white Royal
horses, a great peculiarity amongst
which lies in the fact that they are as
white as milk when foaled, and do not
grow lighter in coat, as is the case with
the ordinary grey horse, with increased
age. The pure white foal which was
on view last week at Darlington was
quite a Iubus naturae, especially as, be
ing dark in eye, there can be nothing of
the albino about it; but if scientifically
bred from. It will be interesting to learn
whether it Is or Is not possible to found
a strain of white horses. Greys are still
fairly plentiful, but a breed of whites
might be worth encouraging, as, beyond
all question, there are plenty of persons
who buy horses who would be attracted
by the rarity of the color.
Kiilnfiiln, Kapnrai'ttr, Tonrn.
This plant belongs to the clover fam
ily, and la a native of Europe and Asia.
In some parts of the Old World it is
very highly prized as a forage plant,
especially in regions where chalky or
gravelly soils prevail. The botanical
name is Onobryehis sativa. Stems up
right, more or less straggling, branched,
smooth, one to two feet high; root per
ennial; leaves pinnate; leaflets small,
numerous, oblong, somewhat hairy on
under surface, entire; flowers pink, in
rather Ioone, long stalked spikes; pods
short, flat, rcticulately roughened and
prickly, toothed on the back; one seed
ed. One specimen analyzed as follows.
air drle'?
extract
protein,
trogen, '
buminoiaa
This '
tlvated I
said to b
its cult ur
10.0ft; ash, 6.58; ether
ude fibre, 33.3S; crude
vtract containing no nt-
Total nitrogen, 1.71; al-
igen. 1.22.
is much noted and ul-
glantl and France. It is
the to England, but that
gan first in France, where
it was iloui
less named. It is especially
fitted for
limestone soils, especially
where tb
imestone comes to within
three or f
ur feet of the surface. The
chalk (list
ids in England are the scene
of extent
the challJ
ve culture of this plant, as
is but one form of lime. It
do well where there is no
)ung and tender sainfoin will
does not
'ne.
'"n v.
m.. vuduilu the cold, but after the sec
ond or
iird year it becomes more
here are many parts of the
hardy.
United
abound
tates where limestone soils
nd where this plant would
prove of great value.
doubtless
When,
it is cultivated in England it
d to remain four years on the
Is allow
same giound, after which the ground is
put iiMfo other crops for a period of
four f!irs. When the sainfoin is to be
put olio a piece of land it is generally
Howeillwith oats, the sainfoin seed be
ing put on at the rate of four bushels
per acV-e. It Is frequently pastured for
the fir.At two year3 after being sown, as
the firfit. and second years do not gen
erally yield large crops of hay.
On sitils well-suited to its cultiva
tion, It tvlll fcrow for six or eight years,
when it will be driven out by weeds
and grasWs. Flowing the land after
sainfoin V dlllcult, a3 the roots are
large and lough.
Sainfoin! should be cut at blossoming
time whetlier it Is to bo used for soil
ing or for liiay. It is very liable to be
damaged 1,- rain, in curing, as the
stems are bldlow. The aftermath makes
pood feed fl.r horses, sheep and cattle.
The seed ripens in .Inly, but as the
lower part v the head matures so nun
earlier than I the upper, and these seeds
are larger nil d more plump. It is best
to harvest t
are fully rlp
icm when the iower ones
as they will berome liable
out and lost if the heads
to be shaken
' stand until t
ie upper portion 13 ready
to harvest.
Valuo of jli
Farm and 'cl
4 cents a SY
m Milk for Hogs. Tie
y says that with hogs .t
I, as a part of a propotlv
balanced
i, skim milk should
worth
20 cents per 100. or 2
V fed sweet. Better not
i iing m
would
vhe sai
ling hogs at all. a It I
d not feed it with
same reason. We
ith wheat middlings and
to growing bogs exclus-
hls way every gallon of
tth 2 cents when hogs
too bu J o ft
oil a, T
woul,, 'f
eorij f
It Si I
are I
yum i eenis wnen IlOgS 1 1S1 ' , J r I V-
Ins Oar f rsnberry Vinrt. i
As i
other
ilanlina or setting out varlo::i '
Lids of vines and plants, there j
seems t
I be no particular time wnen ;
olutely necessary to have tha ,
it is a
vines n
out. The cranberry vine is
very hi
iy, and will live, even with a
of hard usaee. When a marsh
good d('
has be
prepared in one summer the
equently wait till the nexl
owners
spring t
vines
9. rom April till June is sup
id tdJle the best time. Fall plant
is rlactlced by some, but it is
posed
doubtful jilf there be much gain in thh
over waiulrig for the next spring. When
only a flirt of the ground is to be
planted, t;nt part should be planted
that is thi highest, leaving the wette'
portions fir the work of spring.
mil
There are 'stlrlous modes for trans
planting thenes. One of these is
called sod plfuntffi'Ss The sods contain
ing cranbjfry vines xare taken from
cranbern meadows and "placed in the
new myfrsh. This was one of the earliest
plam; and doubtless originated from a
defre not to disturb the roots of the
Pflants. Very few planters now practice
this method.
Hill planting is alr.o practiced. One
great advantage of hill planting over
sod planting is that only clean vines
are set out, where with the sod, roots
from other plants were necessarily
propagated. The ground may be marked
out by drills, two feet apart each way,
and the vines put in where the drilla
intersect. One objection to this mode
is that large bunches of vines have a
tendency to dry up and become woody,
thus seriously injuring the plantation.
This difficulty induced some cultivators
to adopt the expedient of planting in
funnel-shaped holes, made by rotating
a sharp stick or dibble; the vines ara
placed in these holes, and scattered
around, so that when the center is
filled with sand, they will bo spread
out, pointing In all directions. This
method is illustrated by the accom
panying cut. Dead bunches are thus
avoided. Even this plan i3 less satis
factory than others, on account of the
increased labor and consequent ex
pense. Another method Is called drill plant
ing. A furrow Is turned by the plow,
and the vines are scattered thinly
along, only one In a place, being leaned
up against the perpendicular and partly
covered by the hoe. Still another mode
Is to scatter the vines over the meadow
and cover them with an inch of sand.
Thi3 gives a quick growth, but requires
many vines and also a good deal ol
sand.
Some people sow what they call cut
tings. They run the vines through a
hay cutter, cutting them into lengths
about one inch long. These they sow
broadcast and harrow in.
Until the vines are matted, keep the
land well drained, as the plants do nol
thrive on wet land. When properly
drained a good meadow will become
matted In three years, though some
plantations take longer than that on
account of the land being too wet. For
two or three years after putting out the
vines the land should be kept free from
weeds, and the cranberry plants given
undisputed possession. During the first
year a hoe may be used, but after that
the grass must be pulled by hand, to
avoid loosening the runners that are
rooted in the soil. This should be done
In August, before the weeds go to
seed.
Though drainage is required to obtajn
a growth of vines, after the mat is
completed there are certain times when
considerable moisture is necessary to
insure a good crop. Sometimes drouths
blast a great many of the blossoms,
which is prevented If enough moisture
can be supplied to the crop to ensure
full flevelupment. Again, where the
soil can bp made moist, the late-formed
berries will grow up to full size. But
where irrigation is resorted to, care
must be taken to lower the water in
the ditches by the middle of August,
that the vines may be enabled to makd
a good fall growth. If this be not dono
the crop of the coming year maj
bo seriously damaged. The fruit-bud?
are formed in the fall, and are visible
at the ends of the new growth on the
upright branches. All plantations re'
quire flooding every winter.
Smnlt Farm nml Kpif-Rnlsliii;
In such departments as egg-raising
all the advantage rests 'with the smai:
farmer. A correspondent of a provin
cial paper, who has knocked about the
continent with his eyes and ears open,
noted while there that the poultry kept
by the peasantry rarely get any other
food than house scraps and what they
can pick up for themselves by the road
side. Every egg represents, therefore,
so much clear profit, whereas the big
farmer would have to pay for both food
and attendance. But the cottager
would make very little out of Ms poul
try keeping If he had to take hfs pro
duce to market, perhaps some miles dis
tant. On the continent -"lnt terrible
loss of time is saved by the traveling
factor, who goes round a big district
with his van. calling at every cottage,
and taking away what eggs have accu
mulated since his previous visit. It
is true his prices ure very low, but
the money is paid down on the mil, and
goes straight into the family treasury.
My this simple method, even a dozen
cgirs at a time are of help to the house
wife in making both ends meet, and she
and the children are thus encouraged
to look after the hens In a general way.
London Poultry.
Butter Demand. The peoplo of
United States eat on the average
four pounds of butter for each bi
of wheat consumed as food. Fron
it Is easy to see that so far as the
market Is concerned butter bring
'arnier more money than wheat
7 t there ' are some folks wl-
iV dairy Industry ,.w
fa
Is
4
9
; the !
about
she!
this
home i
I e
I and
rliink
MODERN GAMES, OLD.
INVENTED LONG AGO BY THE
ANCIENTS.
tiambnll Played by the Indian Tovel
tie In Camel Rar-ly Catch, on Be-c-nute
the Old-Timttr Are Hard to
Improve I'pon.
EW OF THE HUN
dreds of new games
that are invented
every year become
popular. They may
be seen in any toy
store by the score
lawn games and
parlor games, game3
of cards and games
of ball, games for
young and for old.
They are a melancholy sight, for not
one of them will ever take the place of
the old stand-bys of infancy and boy
hood. Even the names of most of them
will never be heard of by the majority
of American boy3 and girls. This is
the logic of history. It seems an easy
matter to invent a game; the best
games are so simple- yet a popular
game was never yet Invented. Every
one of them has grown, and the best of
them have been growing for hundreds
of years. Scientific men tell us that
all sorts of queer creatures once lived
on this earth great lizards, with
wJugs; sea monsters, half whale, half
seal, and rhinoceroses larger than ele
phants. All these have died away be
cause they were not fitted to live, while
those animals that were fit to live have
gone on growing better and better, till
some the horse, for instance we
could not do without. It is just so with
games, those live that are fit to live,
and the rest die. Our best games form
a sort of aristocracy; their pedigrees
run back to very ancient times and no
modern upstart can compete with them.
Take baseball and cricket, for Instance
probably the most popular outdoor
games of modern times the one in our
own country, the other in England.
They are fir3t cousins, and their hold
on American and English boys is in
all probability due to the fact that they
each unite two strong lines of descent
that of the bat and ball games to
which tennis, lacrosse, hockey, cro
quet and, more distantly, billiards also
belong, and that of the goal games,
such as tag, puss-ln-the-corner, I spy
and dozens of others. All the nations
we know anything about had bat and
ball games ages ago. Nobody invented
the bat and ball; they grew up with
our civilization from the timo when
little savages used to knock about a
pebble or a fruit with a stick. So with
the goal games they have always been
popular. Their name is still legion.
The goal part (that is the running from
base to base) is a much more important
part of the game in baseball than it is
in cricket, and for this reason we Amer
icans are justified in looking upon base
ball as the better game, all other things
being equal. To be sure, neither base
ball nor cricket is the game It was 300
years ago, but both have grown, not
changed. Any one who chooses may
trace the growth of cricket from the
year 1300. It U not so easy to trace
the pedigree of baseball, for, just a3
with a great many American families,
there is a break in the record back in
colonial times. It is known to have
been played by the Indians. It is a
thoroughly American game, and no one
loves it less because some people claim
rounders a3 l?feancestor and others re
ject the claim with scorn.
As for indoor games, we may prove
their nobility in just the same way.
Chess comes down to us from the an
cient Hindoos, by way of Persia. Check
ers were played in Egypt, and then in
Greece and Rome. Cards made their
appearance in Europe in 1350, and the
Chinese say that they used them two
centuries earlier than this. Ten pins
was certainly played in the thirteenth
century, and probably much earlier.
All these have grown, but they have
not chair d their nature. Lawn tennl3
13 only an offshoot of the old game of
court tennls.lsaid to have been brought
Into Gaul by Roman soldiers and still
played. Again only a growth, not a
new device. There is halma only a
variation of the old pyramid game of
checkers. How about parches! ? The
pompous title "A Royal Game of India,"
inscribed on the old parches! board 13
often thought to have been only an ad
vertising dodge, Jjut It was quite true.
Farchesi, called by the Hindoos pachlsl,
is widely played in Asiatic countries,
and the Spanish explorers even found
the Aztecs playing it under the name
of patolll, In Mexico, whither it may
have been carried across the Pacific.
These and many other instances are
worth thinking over deeply, for they
teach a lesson. If any one Is tired of
the old game3 and wants something a
little different, let him alter the old In
the direction of growth rather than try
to invent something q iite different.
The most successful inventors of games
have followed tiiis rule. Indeed, it 13
more than a rule It Is a law of nature.
You might as well try to please the hu
man palate with food made out of sand
and sawdust as to force boy or man
to get enjoyment out of a game that
does not contain the old, well-trieJ
game element.
Thirty Cent Aplcre.
It is though that the yield of gold
this year In the world will be about
$170,000,000. For the last 400 years, of
all the precious metals taken out of the
ground, 61 per cent has been lost or
used In the arts. Figuring the product
this year on the same basis, there
would be about $01,200,000 loe coined.
This would give 20 cents 'V lne
people of the Unite! St and,
""termany ari l France, a J i U
liair V the. j people of the United St Ynd, . I A Jbtf V Sftw AriTV
"!"....,.. w 1 . 1 1 Y Zi 1
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U, S. Gov't Report
&OJTE3!.Y PURE
A New Tee for Kara,
In the old days in Western Pennsyl
vania, when tho people had little
money to pay for teachers, and could
spare their boys but little time from
the work of tho field, school "kept"
almost incessantly during tho few
weeks when it was in session, with no
Saturday holidays and very brief re
cedes. At one little school-house
anions tho mountains, an old-fashioned
Irish school-master was once
employed who kept his boys grinding
steadily at their tasks, but gave thera
permission to nibble from their lunch
baskets sometimes as they worked.
One day, while tho master was in-'
btructinsf a class in the rule of three,
ho noticed that one of his pupils was
paying more attention to a piece of
apple-pie than to the lesson. "Arrah,
there!" said the master; "Jack Blaes,
be listenin' to the lisson, will yo!"
"I'm listening;, 6ir," said tha boy.
"Listenin1, is it!" exclaimed tho mas
ter; "then it's listenin' wid one ear ye
are, an' atiu' poi wid tha other!"
Argonaut.
Tho Sworn Tormentors
Of the Spanish Ir.nuisitiou never inflicted tor
tures more dreadtul than thoe endured ly
the victim ot Inflammatory rheumatism. The
rhronio form of thi obsliti ae malady is
sul'tlcienllv painful. Arrest ii at tho start
witli Hostetter's Stomach letters and avoid
becomiiijj a lifelong martyr. Tho Hitters will
remove malaria and kidney complaints, dys
ix'psla, constipation, nervousness and neu
.o.lwia. seniBdy debility and hastens cou
?aiuscerce. A Sh irp Girl.
"So you have sued him for breach
of promise?"
"I havo."
"Do you think ho has the sand to
fight tho suit?"
"I don't know; I'm not troubling
myself about his sand; it's his rocks
I'm after;
J recocity.
First Youngster I've got a new
baby brother, what come from heaven
last night.
Second Youngster That's nothin.'
My little baby brother went to heaven
yesterday.
First Youngster, reflectively l'cto,
I bet it's the same kid.
Do You rteslre to Adopt a Child?
Address the International Children's
kV. 'CI J " . 'w - -.,
Illinois, iiev. Vt. Frank M. Ureprg, Gen-
sral .Manager, r-ueu a mini us you wuy
iesire, of anv ae. will bo sent you on
ninety days' trial. Enclose Mtamp.
porry Carson seems to be ery friendly
tvith evervbody all of a sudden. Yokes
Yes ; he is going to get married soon, and
ae wants to have as many friends as he
;an to invite and get presents from.
Truth.
1TALIS PATARRH CURE is a liquid and is
taken internally, ami acts directly npon tho
jlood and mucous s irlacesof the syatem. Send
for testimonials, free. Sold by l)v grists. JSc.
P. J. CHENiiY & CO., Props., Toledo, O.
The largest diamond the "13ragan7a" :s
Df about the size of a goose egg. it weighs
sxactly ounces and is valued at
500,000.
"Hanson's Mag-lo Corn Salve."
Warranted to cur or money refunded. Ask youl
irugjirt for It. Trice 15 cents.
The largest theatre in the world is the
Paris or era hou-e. It covers over three
-teres of ground and cost 100,000,000
f 1 ancs.
Tfce Jcljool of P?dioy
' 1 rains Teachers through Practice Work, and is
the Only School in the West which Prepares
tor the First Urade, ana Lite or state
tificates for Teaching.
n?e School of (oiDrnene . .
Teaches Business Practice,
Journalism, Shorthand,
Telegraphy, and All
the Commercial
Branches.
That's Lorillard's
Xrr tol Arts;. 1
C S Gives Literary Stujr ,
W :0 1 Manual Training, Besl 1 ' ' 7
V workforces. , ('
T&e ScM of Uuivrf (y
N. P Fits for the Colleges and Univtl
. Equipment. I
If you are interested, write to
VM. t. CtiANCy
see mat K '"7
CLIMAXi
It's Much Uie Bctf x
The Great Bed of Ware.
The most gigantic, as well as tht
most valuable and elaborate, artic!
of bedroom furniture in the world, ii
"the great bed of Ware," a relic of
ancient times, recently sold to aa
antiquarian at Hertford, England.
"The Book of Days" says that it i
believed to not be older than Eliza- '
beth's reign (born 1533, died 16')3),
but another valuable referenco work
"The World's Great Nations," sayj
that the bed bears the date of 14 d i
lie this as it may, it is a curiosity a
well as a relic. It is a square of tea
feet nine inches and is seven feet six
inrhes high. It U very elegantly
carved and cost not loss than i'50J
Shakespeare mentions "the be 1 of
Ware." 'See "Twelfth Night," not 3.
scene 2.
Keeplns tier In Supene.
Bingo: While I was matching tLai
ribbon for you to-day in a dry goodd
store a man came in, threw down a
bomb; there was a terrible explosion,
several people were killed, and I bare."
ly escaped with my life.
Mrs. Bingo (anxiously): You didn't
lose that piece of ribbon, did you?
Cloak review.
To Cleanso the System y
Effectually yet gently, when costlva or
bilious, or when the blood is imp ure ct
sluggish, to permanently cure hal uual
constipation, to awaken the kidneys and
liver to a healthy activity, without ir
ritating or weakening t'uem. to dispel
headaches, colds or fevers U3e Syrup ot
Figs.
Willie Did yer hev a good tima to the
picnic? Jiniinfe Ortat! Sis not into a
lieo's nest, pa fell out of a tree when ue war.
putting uj) a swing, and inn 1 urnesi hr
fingers niitl;iu tea on tiuojieu fire. It a
i iu i u ense ! Trut h.
Mother who lmve used rurker's f;ine
Tonic tor year (mist th'K It lifn.'tlt-i more thau v'b- r
mortlclnca; every form of dlairc3 nail woiiimeai yield
toll. i
Th larfre-t cut -stone in the world is la
tho Temple of the bun at Baalbec.
Ulndercorns In a simple remedy,
hut It takes out the corns, and what a conolat!on tf
la! Hake walking a plcusuie. lie. at drogtUts.
The largest mammoth tusk yet discolored '
was sixteen feet in length. j
DO YOU EXFKCT
Become a Mother?
so, then perait us
to say that I kictor
Pierce's Favorite .
Prescription is
indeed a tcui
"Mother's FHead," ,
FOR IT MAKES
'Childbirth a.y
by preparin-- th:
system for parturition, thus assis.in? Na
ture and shortening " Labor." The priinfu.
ordeal of childbirth is robbed of its terrors,
and the dangers thereof greatly lessened!
to both mother and child. The period of
confinement is also shortened, the tr othw-t
strenprthened and an abundant secretion cfi
nourishment for the child promoted.
Send twenty-one (21) cents for Tie Pe :
pie's Medical Adviser, 1000 pages, over 3.;
illustrations, giving all particulars. Se j
eral chapters of this great family doet.
book are devoted to the considerate m c
diseases peculiar to women with susrgei
Hons as to successtul home treatment o
same. Address, World's Dispensary Midii
cal Association. Kmialo, is. V.
cer
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8. ViSsPA
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nts a pound, t