The American. (Omaha, Nebraska) 1891-1899, October 14, 1898, Image 1

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"AM IMC A Wn AMt.KH AN .!.! st l h HrtiiiM . . AHrtUfnt Or t totl Hutc nh. wUI tr.M..,
Vomu Vill.
General Hawkins Says the Roman
Catholic Church is Becoming
the Dominant Power.
NIvW YORK, October 10th. (icncral Kush C. Hawkins
spoke to the Methodist ministers in this city at their w eekly con
ference held today. He spoke on "Progressive Romanism in
this Country." As usual the conference was held behind closed
doors. When the meeting which lasted two hours was over,
General Hawkins with some reluctance, said:
'I have just given the Methodist ministers of this city the
result of my forty years' work of research and observation to
fdiow them the extent to which the Roman Catholic Church is
rapidly becoming the dominant power in this country; that the
actual ruler in politics in this city is not Richard Croker, but
Archbishop Corrigan; that the real Tammany Hall is not 1-our-teenth
street but at Madison avenue and riftieth street, and that
before long will national politics be dictated by the representa
tives of this great hierarchy in Hoston, New York, Chicago, St.
Louis, Cincinnati and New Orleans, but the candidates for the
chief executive of this nation will be designated by these repre
sentatives and elected by the masses under their uns.werv.iig
Nome Lesson to be Learned from the
War Willi Spain.
Million of children and youth are
once more crowding through the por
tals of th school ami college. His
tory ha Vcn making very rapidly
since schools elosH. pupil will And
very dlTcrent geography on their re
turn to their studies, and a groat dfiil
of hlHtory which I not. net down In
the hooka. It I a If teacher lind
scholars had been taking a military
tour during this wartime vacation, In
Cuba. Porto Rico, I ho Philippine, the
Carolines, the I-adrones, and to the
Bpanlsh coast, They have been Intro
duced to many new heroes whom they
have never found In their school hooks
Dewey, Ilobson, Sampson, Bchley,
Bliafler, Clark, Kvans, Phillips and a
score of unheralded heroes who have
leen equally hrave.
What shall we do with this accumu
lated material? What lesson shall
the millions of scholars draw from this
wart What an opportunity Is this for
the teacher, the professor, to empha
size new and vital lessons from the
Impetus which civilization will get
from the experience of the last few
months! Geography, history and sci
ence should receive a new emphasis
from this war; Christian patriotism
and heroism should receive a new Im
pulse, The glohe should he Introduced
Into the school now, If never before,
and the maps of the revised geogra
phy hung upon the walls. Descriptive
geography should he studied for de
tails of the production and peoples
of the islands of the war.
One great value of geography Is to
locate the deeds of history; the value
of science In warfare, especially naval
warfare, has been Illustrated In the
past few months as never before In the
history of the world.
This is an Impressive fact for our
school; Jt was indicated Ocrmany
which triumphed over Ignorant France
In the Franco-Prussian war, Over
ninety per cent of the soldiers of her
army could read and write, while the
reverse was the case In the French
army. Not avalanche charges of brute
savage liavfi achieved the grand suc
cesses In the Spanish-American war;
the common school, the high school,
the eollege, superior discipline, the
finer training, scientific, precision In
gunnery, In drill. In naval practice,
and every other knowledgo pertaining
thereto, have won these grand vic
tories. Spain failed, not from lack of
valor, hut from lack of education, so
briety, discipline and enlightenment.
Behind the exploits of Dewey and Hob
son were years of grinding rludy and
practice at the naval school. Their
success was no haphazard thing; It
was I lie scientific result of advanced
education, (tin product of a higher civ
ilization. Kpnln has entirely missed
the spirit of the 'higher civilization
of the nineteenth century; wrapped
up In "bigotry, In Ignorance, supers!!
Iltlon, cruelty and her own self sulllcl
ency, she has not caught the spirit of
the spirit .of the finer mental culture
of our times, and Is still living buck
In the middle ages.
Good Judgment and common sense
have been quite ns conspicuous as
mere exactness and fullness of learn
ing. Schley's calm and quick decision
to sail for the headland without the
loss of a single minute, while the
Cristobal Colon was skirting the
shore, decided the battle. This was
more than learning; It was cultivated
good Judgment, downright horse sense,
Dewey, In the east, forced to fly upon
his own judgment in difficult situa
tions, with rampant Insurgents and
encroaching Europeans, In conditions
where calmness and wisdom were of
vital Importance to himself and hi
country, and where a single mistake
might have meant very serious mis
fortune for America, showed that h
had grown wise, shrewd, and tactful,
as well as learned, In his great school
of experience,
This Is another great lesson for the
schools, Not only have great character-qualities
been exhibited by the
heroes and managers of this war; they
have been conspicuous, llobson'i stu
dies at Annapolis, and his cleur Judg
ment, were the water In the holler,
but fire was necessary to generate the
driving steam. Courage, daring, tenac
ity of purpose, grit, self-reliance, pres
ence of mind, fertility of resource, for
titude, endurance these have been ex
hibited during this war on a hundred
occasions still fresh In memory, Dewey
not only knew what to do, and what
his guns and vessels could do, how
to maneuver, and how to shoot scien
tifically, but he had the example of his
great master, Fnrragut, urging him
to push forward In spite of torpedoes
and mines.
The Importance of n sound body has
been emphasized. The nstonlhlng
number of young men who thought
they were able-bodied enough to go to
the war, but who weie repected, will
give the teacher a grand opportunity
MW&mWW 1 It I a i
to emphasize the great Importance of
developing a strong, robust physique,
Hlx months ago, nearly every man on
the street probably fancied the gov-
eminent would th'tik h in u prize ss
a soldier; but thousands of youth
were mortified to And that their bodies
had been so weakened by smoking,
drinking, careless living and dissipa
tion, as to render them totally unfit
to serve their country In time of need.
.ft.- . .1 . 1..... .11..
it n.rmc, .summer rmpiiimcaoy
repeats what all history, sacred and
profane, has always taught, that tliey
who strive for the mastery must be
temperate In all things as true In the
successes of peace s In the march snd
onset of war,
At one time It anuenrcd doubtful
whether there was the stuff In our
young men to give us a llavehxk or
General Cordon; whether the Amerl-1
can youth were not to be perverted j
by the glorification of vlndlctlveness,
swaggering and profanity; but that!
mood, wherever It existed, passed sway
and the American schoolboy who has
read of Washington's prayer al Val
ley Forge, and Macdomnigh kneeling
on his deck before action, can now
recall similar scenes In these ttnee
months. Ilobson's prayer on the Mer-
rlmac, Captain Philip's call to thank
on the deck of the Texas, ami the proc
lamation by our president, will go
down In the memory of the people,
even If not glorified In song or bronze,
The compassion and humanity of our
soldiers and sailors are as conspicu
ous ss i heir heroism.
Great disasters and wars break up
that dream of mankind that "a man's
life consists of the abundance of the
things which be possesses!" In (he
vast expanding material prosperity he
fore the American people, (he memory
of such deeds will remain an Inspira
tion to very youth, Millionaires and
multimillionaires are numerous, al
most common; we do not complain of
that. We are glad that these heroes
have certain "prize moneys" awaiting
(hem. Hut llobson and Hehley snd
Dewey and Roosevelt shine, and will
shine, beifluse f t h!r achievements,
and not because of prize moneys.
Not achievement for self arouses
this applause, but achievement for
country and hunuviilly. "Pro bono pub
lico" Is the motto. Achievement for
the common good, the general welfare,
the "good citizenship" of which we
have been making so much, In pcae
or in war, In good voting as well as
good s fighting -tills, I he American
teacher from ocean to ocean, from
lakes to gulf, will be quick to teach,
1 and American youth will not be slow
to learn. Kucce, New York,
The Religion tyiislluii In Culm ai d
l'orlo Itlco,
A Washington correspondent say
that, under the Instructions given the
J)(i(l(,H v(imuiiHHu,,.rn by the President
,0 lul0,,(. c,)llr,.,, , Cl(m, Porto
Rico and the Philippine Islands Is to
be allowed to look after Itself. "Its
i interests from the point of view of our
government are not Involved under the
terms of peace."
This Is certainly so, If I lie United
Wales are to acquire Porto Klco and
('l,t,u- u,ul iU" '''"I'l'I'lncs, they must
,Hk" th,'m al"1 " th" wl'" '"'
m,Mt t1"'"1 ""''J''''1 l" ,fl" Provision
of the Constitution of the United
The Constitution as originally adopt
ed had no suMlclcnt guarantees of
right,, ami It became the first and earn
est duty of the Democrats of more
than a century ago to procure amend
ments that would engiaft upon the fun-
' dumeiilal Instrument ansiirances that
personal rights would fully be respect
id. The very first aiiiendiii"tit to (ho
Constitution Is: "Congress shall make
no law respecting an establishment of
religion or prohibiting the fre exer
cise thereof." This Is an Irnoortant
provision. It has been to tho United
Htatea a provision of Inestimable val
ue. More than any other assurance of
tin- Constitution It has Induced pno
pie of other lands to come hero and
develop the mighty resources of the
Republic, Religion hns a strong hold
upon many minds, They are tenacious
lu their form of worship; In ninny of
the lands of Kuropu they were com
pelled (o maintain a state church. To
this they objected If, perchance, their
own religious views differed from
those held by the statu. To emigrate
to a land where the organic law pro
hibited legislation respecting an es
filill: hment of religion and prohibit
ing Its free exercise was to set out for
a region of peace and Justice. There
was no more inviting Invitation to the
shores of America than this very pro
vision. The people of tho United
States are Indebted for It to those
sturdy Jcffersonian Democrats who In
sisted upon the first of the amend
tiienis Ui the Constitution.
We have In America as tho result of
thin provision of (he orgnnlc law no
church establishment. Churches sus
tained by a stale do not flourish. Hit
Union suffers when coupled with poli
tics. When divorced wholly from the
operation of the slate II. does flourish,
Of ibis (ruth we have numerous ex
amples In our own country. Nor tiurih
receives stale aid, All churches, as Is
proper, are supported solely by volun
teer contribution, For he who holds
his religion strenuously aim not per
futictorlly will out of his own means,
little or great, pay tribute for the
maintenance of his religion. If he doe
not choose to do so It Is not the right
of the state to compel him. The stale
Is forbidden In this form mile land to
enter upon n mistaken policy which
makes a particular religion a mailer
of governmental regard. In Cuba and
Porto Rico, and possibly In the Phil
ippines, the maintenance of a state re
ligion has been a charge upon the
Hpanlsli government-Hint Is, Indirect
ly upon the people, whether of the
state or any other religion, In so far
as this teirltory passes to the Jurisdic
tion and control of the United Wales
there can be no contribution from the
slate for the maintenance of any min
istry. If ths people value their re
ligion they themselves will pay the
cost of maintaining it.
The problem Is not new In the
United States, As a result of the
treuty succeeding Hie Mexican war we
acquired tlin territory we call New
Mexico, The Catholic religion wa
professed by the vast majority of Its
Inhabitants, but all stale aid lo that
religion was withdrawn and under the
system which properly obtains In
America, the members of tho church
contributed out of their own means
(o Its support or, If they choose, with
draw such support altogether,
That Democratic provision of the
Constitution of the United Hi ate
which provides thai, congress shall
make no law respecting tho establish
ment of religion or prohibiting the
free exercise thereof Is of the highest
practical utility; valuable to tho peo
ple In their political character; valu
able no Ichh to the various denomi
nations friH) under Its provisions to
worship as they see fit.
The one practical point In this con
nection Is that our government shall
I'M KtlKl I. NT.
Nt MM Ji,
see (bat taxe raised for the church
establishment are abolished In toto.
They must not be levied at all to be
diverted lo some other purpose, Kdlt
orlai In Chicago Chronicle,
It Is said that there are 1,700 cler
gymen of the Church of Fngland who
are members of the Confraternity of
(ln nicised Hacrnment, organized to
destroy the work of the reformation.
They are allies of the Church of Roine,
and In belief and practice agree with
that body (Including confession to
priests). Many efforts have been made
to prevent lhes clergymen from con
tinuing their Romish practices In th
churches of I he Church of Fngland,
but with only small success. The
Bishops of (he Wate Church are ap
parently Indifferent to the attempt
lo Romanize the Church of Fngland.
It Is claimed that (he large majority
of the membership Is opposed to the
efforts of the Confraternity and allied
sis lelles, such as the Holy Cross and
l lie Ritualistic Wsterhoods, but can
accomplish nothing because the Bish
ops thwart (heir endeavors or wishes.
There Is utiqiieatlcmahly a decided ten
dency among the clergy of the Church
of Fngland toward the Roman Church.
The other denominations of Christians
In Great Britain have formed a fillers
Hon to oppose this sacerdotalism and
endeavor to Romanize the Christian
people of Great Britain. The member
ship of (ho churches of this alliance
Is now larger than that of the Church
of F.ngland, and that majority bids fair
to increase steadily. The prospect Is
that In a few years the Kplscopal
Church will cease to be the Kstah
Untied Church of Great Britain Chris
tian Intelligencer.
King Humbert's nephew, the King
of Portugal, hs been prevented by the
pope frr tn vlltlng his uncle at Home
under threaU of the withdrawal of the
nuncio from Lisbon. The King' niece
Dutches Helen of Aosta, who, owing to
the fact that the crown princess of Italy
Is chlldles, Is likely one day to become
Queen of Italy, could not lx persuaded
to visit tho Qalrlnal until she had beon
msrrled for more than s year, while
tha Princess Clothilda, sarntly and
nun-like slst-v of Kln Humbert, would
not even visit the death bed of her (ly
ing buband, the late Prince Napoleon.
The subscription price of The Amer
ican Is 12.00 peryo&r.