The American. (Omaha, Nebraska) 1891-1899, July 24, 1896, Image 1

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    THE AMERICAN
THb N
Oct Vsur Frtanaa t
ubaonb For
THE AMERICAN.
BOo to Jan. I. 1897.
Cheapest Paper in Amtsnja.
"AMERICA FOR AMERICANS" We hold that-all men are Americans who Swear Allegiance to the UniU-d Stale without a mental reservation.
THICK FIVE CKNT3
Volume VI.
OMAHA, NEBRASKA, FKIDAY. JULY 24, 1S0G.
NOMBKB 30
INI
1
The Capital Patriotic Press
Bureau Looks Up
His Record.
We Hire It to You as We Rewired It, and
Utter No Word of Censure or En
dorsement at This Time.
Capital Patbiotic Press Bureau
Washington, D. C, July 13.
Now that Hon. W. J. Bryan, the
"Bov Orator of the Platte " Is the
presidential standard-bearer of the
"New Democracy," It may interest the
readers of the patriotic press of the
country to know how he conducted
himself as to the Issues in which the
American patriots were specially In
terested In during his congressional
career, and particularly how he voted
upon the American measures which
were Introduced during the Fifty-third
of which Mr. Bryan was a member
from Nebraska.
. It will be rembered that It was dur-
g that session of congress when Hon
'vV. S. Linton flung into the congres
sional arena the first ire-brand of op
position to the appropriation of gor
ernment funds to sectarian institutions,
delivering his famous speech against
the long-continued outrage on the 7th
Of June, 1894, during the debate upon
the Indian appropriation bill for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1893.
. will also be recalled that the Satollians
were In control of the house, and that
durinir the discussion of the bill in
committee of the whole house, John H
O'Neill was la the speaker's chair
After Mr. Linton delivered his speech
Mr. Gear (now in the senate) moved to
recommit the bill, with Instructions,
whereupon the question of order was
raised, Mr. Cannon urging that the
motion to recommit was in order, but
O'Neill decided it was out of order,
An appeal from the decision of the
chair was made. "Papal Zouave"
Tracy of New York (since retired by
the American vote), Crain of Texas
faince deceased), Springer of Illinois
(Also retired), and other papist and
jack-papist members, moved to lay the
appeal on the table. Upon this ques
tlon the vote stood, yeas 158, nays 68,
not voting 135. Mr. Bryan voting yea,
I want to note here that while Joe
Cannon voted against tabling the ap
peal, and so seemingly supported the
minority in the house, who opposed
the pending-measure to continue these
Catholic appropriations, and which In
a measure saved him from defeat at
the subsequent elections when Hoi
man and Weadock and O'Neill and
Springer and McEttrlck and Lynch
and McGann and Tim Campbell, and
Bryan himself, and dozens of other
Romanists and Roman sympathizers
were left at home, his conduct in the
present congress more than undoes all
he ever done heretofore, and he is de
serving of defeat hereafter.
OPPOSED TO THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
On the 28th of June following the
New Mexico admission bill was con
sldered in the house. Mr. Smith of
Illinois moved to amend by inserting
"And in. 5 all of which public schools
the English language shall be taught."
This was opposed by the Catholics and
their sympathizers, because Spanish is
the prevailing language and in this
tongue! thecCatholic priests of New
Mexico could best manipulate the
schools to the advantage of their re
ligion. Mr. Smith, in presenting the
amendment, made a brilliant argument
in its favor, closing by asking: "Where
Is the American citizen who will ob
ject to this reasonable provision?
Turning to Mr. Antonio Joseph, the
papist delegate from New Mexico. Do
you decline to accept this amend
ment?"
"I decline to accept it," promptly re'
plied Mr. Joseph.
I copy from the Record:
Mr. Hopkins of Illinois Does the
gentleman, upon reflection, still insist
upon bis objection?
Mr. Joseph I do, most emphatically.
Mr. Hopldns of Illinois Well, I
trust there is patriotism enough in
this house to decline to admit New
Mexico into the Union as a state un
less so just and proper an amendment
as this be adopted.
Mr. Gear It is a well-known lact
that 70 per cent of the population of
New Mexico are either Spanish or of
Indian descent. It is only a
proper precaution when these people
come here and ask for statehood in the
American Union to require that their
children shall be taught the language
of the United States the language
that we have been taught.
Mr. Smith If we admit New Mex
ico I hope it will be with the under
'tandlng that, although you may now
iach the English language, hereafter
m must teach it as well as any other
iguage.which you may care to teach.
rp
I have great respect for Spanish, Ger
man, French, and all other languages,
but above them all I have a greater
and higher respect for the English
language the language of the Amerl
can people and of all our coun :ry . ( A p
plause on the floor and in the galler
ies
Mr. Bingham The sections which
appeal to me are the paragraphs di
rectlng the benefactions or gifts of the
general government to the territory
coming la to the statehood for educa
tional purposes. This vast acreage is
the gift of the people to the new state,
1 assert It Is the function of congress
in donating this vast amount of land to
incorporate in this bill a direction that
the language of the United States, of
our people, our nation, shall be a part
ol the instruction of all the young me
who in the future are to dominate and
control that state. Therefore 1 Bay to
the gentlemen, the great future all
hope for his people can be best aide J
and secured by an early instruction of
tne youth in the language oi our re
public.
Mr. Barrows I call for the yeas and
navs.
The amendment was again read. The
question was taken, and there were
yeas 84, nays 119. answered "present
3, not voting 148. So the amendment
was reiected.
Upon this roll appears the name of
Mr. Bryan as voting against the intro
duction of the English language In our
public shools.
Subsequently, Mr. Wilson of Ohio
offered an amendment providing for
the teaching of the English language,
as a branch of study, in the schools of
New Mexico, but not to the exclusion
of other languages; and even thla most
reasonable and conservative propoji
tlon was defeated by this Romanized
oongress br a vote of 115 to 81 (152 not
voting), Mr. Bryan again voting with
the Catholio majority against it, al
though many of the Democrats and all
the Populists voted for It.
Viewed from the standpoint of the
present congress and the advanced
Americanism of to-day, it hardly seems
possible that there could have been
found, two '.ehori years ago, a body of
American legislators who would legis
late against the introduction of the
English language the language of the
people of the United States into the
publio schools of the country, and yet
such is a fact, and with them voted the
now Democratic candidate for presi-
dent of the republican. A. J. B,
ERKLSU PRIEST IS 1THISIIED.
Michigan Prelate Sentenced to the
Monastery In Kentucky.
Grand Rapids, Mich., July 16.
Rev. Father Turski, the Polish priest
who had been the cause of the recent
church rows at Bay City and who de
fled the authority of Bishop Rlchter to
reinstate Father Matoski, has confessed
his error and has been sentenced by
the bishop to the Trappist monastery
at Gethsemene, Ky., for an indefinite
period and permanent banishment from
the diocese. The confession was made
to the bishop in the presence of several
cathedral priests, and the next morn
ing he started for the monastery to
enter upon his penance. The Trappist
order is one of the most severe and
rigid in the Roman Catholic church
Inmates rise at midnight and until day
light chant their prayers and then
work in the fields or shops with fre
quent intervals of prayer. The diet is
limned to vegetables ana water, no
meat of any kind being allowed, and
the only communication allowed is the
salutation, "Memento mores" (Uemem
ber death). They are never allowed to
see women. When they die they are
buried in their cowles and hassocks,
without coffin or box of any kind.
How to Kill Off the A. r. A.'s.
The Tyler has no member of its 6tafT
or employes in membership in this SO'
ciety, and would be glad to see it dis
banded. So would Rev. Dr. Neander
Woods, of the Presbyterian church
Memphis, Term., and
the Tyler
most thoroughly agrees with him
when be says, when addressing a large
meeting in that city:
"I want to see the order disbanded
Such is my desire. I believe It is
yours. Also, l want to tell you just
four things, which, if done, would kill
this order in less than ninety days.
"1. Let the leaders of the Roman
Catholic church in America give the
plain assurance that they pledge them
selves to accept In good faith the doc
trine of the complete separation of
church and state, and promise' not to
ask another dollar of public money for
the support of their sectarian inelitu'
tlons, and to abstain from meddling
in politics; everywhere their priests
dabble in politics, and the mission of
Mgr. Satolll to this country was as
clearly political as that of any lobbyist
that ever went to Washington to put
through a bill. Every bishop and
priest is solemnly pledged under oath
to belief that church and state ought to
be united; that the pope Is the lord of
every civil government, and that no
state can pass laws that the Roman
pontiff does not approve, Let the
priests and prelates of the Romish
church in America give such assurance,
without any equivocating phrase, and
this A. P. A. order would hardly care
tihold another meeting.
"2. Let there be a disbanding of
secret societies of the Roman Catholio
church, especially those that are
armed. It is stated ia Cincinnati there
are not less than fifty separate and
distinct armed and drilled companies
of these societies, viz: Twelve div
slons of the Ancient Order of Hiber
nians, seven branches of the Catholic
Knights of America, nineteen branches
of the Catholio Knlgbtsof Ohio, and
brides these there are many others.
"3. Let there be a radical change
in the way the dally press of the coun
try treats the meetings and principle
of the A. P. A. Some editors regard
them as a pack of half-crazy block
beads. Some are so devoted to their
party that they foar any organization
that may affect their party's success
but in all we see a subserviency to the
Roman Catholic element as strong as
If Cardinal Gibbons was edltor-ln
chief. They devote ample space to th
consecration of a bishop, though he
takes the usual oath to persecute her
etics unto death, and to obey the orders
of the pope in preference to those of
the nation; yet, when two or three
thousand people, law-abiding citizens
and taxpayers, gather under the au
spices of the A. P. A., you will not find
a word in our papers.
4. Let good-natured Protestants
cease saying that the pope of Rome is
only a very ancient and harmless
scarecrow, and that all this excitement
about papal aggression In America
sheer nonsense. They assure us that
this is a Protestant country; that no
Roman Catholio ever was president,
and that Roman Catholics are in a
helpless minority except in a few sec
tions. There are 70,000,000 people of
all ages In this republic, of whom 10,
000,000 are avowed Roman Catholics.
Then there are 15,000,000 belonging to
the vicious and illiterate class, who
could easily be used by any corrupt
power. Of the remaining 45,000,000,
not 25,000,000 can be regarded as Pro
testant except in name. Many know
nothing of the history of popery or the
trickery of Rome or of Romish inter
meddling with our American InstitU'
tions. Many for the sake of custom
many for the sake of temporary popu
larity, and very many for the sake of
office, will never be found opposing
the encroachments of Rome. In some
of our grert cities to-day 75 per cent of
the money paid in salaries goes into
Roman Catholic pockets, and in many
of these cities millions of dollars in
public property have been given to
Roman Catholic hospitals, churches,
schools and monkeries, as the price of
votes and political scheming. Hence
we claim that one-third of the popula
tion can be called Protestant. From
1800 to 1880 the Romish church has in
creased twice as fast as the Protestant
churches. The immigration to this
country for ten years, ending in 1890,
was 5,250,000, and at least two-thirds
were itomanlsts, many of them igno
rant. Let this thing go on for twenty'
five years longer, and you will see this
country in the same condition, as far
as the rights of Protestants are con
cerned, as Roman Catholic Spain and
Austria and South American republics
are. Remedy the above evils, and
there will be no work for the A. P. A
American Tyler.
Romish Persecution.
The United States supreme court
having ordered the release of the editor
of the A. r. A. Magazine from the Cal
ifornia state prison, where he had been
railroaded by the Roman Catholic
combine of San Francisco, the publica
tion will be resumed at once. The
thirteenth number will be Issued about
July 15th and will in nowise be inferior
to the earlier issues in fact, the editor
aims to load it with the hottest shot
ever fired into the camp of "our friends,
the enemy." The "crime" for which
Editor Price has been unjustly con
fined for three months was the sending
throughthe mails an English transla
tion of Den's Theology, a Roman Cath
olic work. It was declared by the San
Francisco Romish officials to be ob
scene, but the work is still sold and cir
culated by the Romanists. But the
editor of the A.T. A. Maaazint had to
be silenced, therefore this charge was
trumped up and Mr. Price put to con
siderable expense and deprived of his
liberty for about three months before
the supreme court of the United States
could right this outrageous wrong.
Every American should express his
disapproval of such proceedings and
his sympathy for Edward Price by at
once becoming a subscriber to his mag
azine. We shall be pleased to forward
all subscriptions sent to us.
We will send this paper to your ad
dress until Jan. 1, 1897, for 50c
An Iowa Business Man Airs
His Views on the Cur
rency Question.
loet Nut igree With Either the (Jold
Bugs or the Free Mlverites
Wants a Patriot For
l'rekldeat.
As so many intelligent people are
muddled and misled as totnelr best in
tereston this great financial problem,
and as to how a revival of business
might be wrought, I have herein pen
ned and compiled a few statistics and
clippings which may furnish acceptable
food for the honest thinker.
In the bitter struggle -between gold
and silver between two phases of
thought, each of which terms its own
dollar honest and the other's dishonest
both with equal reason the effect of
this conflict upon another and much
more Important branch of our currency
seems almost to have been forgotten.
The paper currency of the United
States consists of, first, legal tender
treasury notes, of which in March,
1896, there were about $540,000,000 in
existence. Of these something more
thaa 1100,000,000 were supposed to be
In the possession of the treasury;
second, treasury notes of lHito not legal
tender, 1140,000,000; third, silver cer
tificates, $342,000,000; fourth, national
bank issues, $214,000,000; making all
told a grand total of one billion dollars
of paper money, the value of which de
pends entirely upon the credit of the
government.
It is generally supposed that there
are two exceptions to this statement,
to-wlt: The national bank notes,
which are supposed to depend In some
degree upon the solvency and credit of
the individual banks and the silver
certificates which are in like manner
supposed to rest for their credit as cur
rency upon the deposits of silver in the
treasury. Both of these notions are
fallacious. As we have recently had
occasion to demonstrate, not a single
dollar or cent of credit or stability is
given to any national bank note by the
credit or solvency of the bank by which
it is put in circulation. Its stability
depends entirely on the credit of the
government on whose bonds it rests,
Not only are the issues of a broken na
tional bank worth just as much and
pass just as readily, but the business of
the banks themselves is conducted en
tirely upon this hypothesis, and their
other liabilities are fully equal to their
ability to meet in case of any general
demand upon them. The government's
credit in the form of our present boBds
deposited with the treasury as security
for such circulation, is the sole and
only guaranty of its stability.
In like manner, the silver certificates
are not a whit improved in quality by
the silver hold against them by the
treasury. No certificate constitutes a
lien upon any specific amount of silver,
The silver is merely a tangible asset of
the government, and at the present
time is rather a detriment than an ad
vantage to these certificates considered
as currency, from the fear that exists
that only depreciated silver may be
given in payment of them.
It is easy to be seen, therefore, that
the effect of the pending controversy
in regard to the complete demonetiza
tion of silver, leaving gold the sole
legal tender paper, is of even greater
interest as concerns our paper cur
rency, than because of its effects upon
our coinage.
Its first effect is to destroy all legal
tender paper. In the heat of the con
troversy that Is being waged, it seems
to have been forgotten that the one
great lesson of modern financial ex
perience is that no great commercial
nation can do without a paper legal
tender.
Great Britain, which has been the
leader in the crusade for a single gold
standard, was the first nation to make
his principle a distinct and permanent
place in her currency. In 1833 the
notes of the Bank of England were
made legal tender throughout the
United Kingdom. Of these $60,000,000
are a permanent issue, and his is
sometimes increased to $200,000,000 and
more, under the scope of the bank's
authority. She h as a gold currency of
$550,(00.000, and a silver currency,
which is legal tender up to forty shil
lings, about $10, amounting to 9112,-
000,000.
Her currency for small amounts is
silver, which is thus made "the money
of the poor." For large amounts gold
nd Bank of England notes are legal
tender. Fully one-fourth of her un
limited legal tender consists of paper
the notes of the Bank of England. Of
this $fi0,l0,0ti0 Is covered by "securl
ties," mottly British consuls; the re
mainder represents coin dcponlU. I
effect, the credit of the government
maintain a paper lop I tender amount
ing, on an average, to about one-fifth
Its entire gold currency. This is all
the mora significant , m the fact that
the Bank of Knglanb lrantacU all the
business of the government and Is in
effect aa Adam Smith declared,
great engine of state."
She is only a bank, because she dis
counts bills and makes exchange's; so
far as the currency is concerned, she Is
the government, just as much as our
treasury department.
The experience of France is a still
more striking lesson of tho necessity of
a paper legal tender ci rrency. France
occupies substantially the tame position
as regards gold and silt it as the United
States. Her silver is full legal tender
at a ratio of 151 to 1 o d, the coin
age being; at present si ...ended. She
has a population of 38,000,000; a gold
currency of i82o,lxKMHKl; a full legal
tender silver currency of $134,000,000,
andapaer legal tender constating of
the notes of the Hank of France of
3,200,0O0,H)o francs, over Moo.ooO.OoO.
The Bank of France ias a monopoly
of the right to issue demand notes, and
these notes are legal tender. It is the
financial agent of the government, and
holds $270,000,000 of the bonds of the
government. Thus it will be seen that
substantially one-third of the entire
currency of France is legal tender
paper, as is from 1-5 to 1-3 that of Eng
land. To neglect this distinct and
positive lesson taught by the two old
est and most successful currency sys
tems of Europe and tie the American
peopie down to a mere gold legal ten
der of leas than $000,000,000, when we
have a population double that of France
or the United Kingdom, is something
worse than folly it is a crime unpre
cedented in the annals of financial rob
bery.
American business needs a larger
proportion of legal tender money than
either of these countries because of its
large extent and the time required to
make exchangee, yet it actually has at
this time less than either France or
England. Because of the unphllosophl-
cat and pernicious practice of permit
ting gold contracts, our whole stock of
$000,000,000 of gold has been practically
withdrawn from circulation and is now
held for speculative purposes or to
meet gold contracts.
This is natural and reasonable. At
the same time, a considerable propor
tion of the paper legal tender has been
withdrawn from circulation by the
foolish policy of the government in
substituting bonds for non-interest-
bearing notes. So that really, the only
legal tender currency we have is the
$559,000,000 of silver which every In
fluence seems conspiring to discredit.
Should these influences succeed, there
is no doubt that when the "green
backs" are retired by being unlawfully
held in the treasury, and silver dis
carded, it will supervene a contraction
of the currency as fatal to business as
the sudden, unyielding contraction of
the heart Is to life. If the Republican
party goes into power with theee two
ideas, gold as the only legal tender
coin and the paper legal tender obliter
ated, it will be just as impossible for It
to carry out its pledge of a commercial
and industrial revival as It would be to
turn a wheel without applying some
competent force. A revival and ex'
panslon of business is an absolute lm
possibility without an abundant and
efficient currency.
It is no doubt true that unlimited
coinage and certification of silver at
this time would be as ruinous as the
restriction of our legal tender to gold
alone; it could sot be worse. The real
question is not to be solved by such re
striction. The problem Is not how we
shall rid ourselves of all legal tender
currency but the gold now hoarded for
speculation, but how the country shall
supply itself with an abundant currency
as good as gold In all parts.
This is not to be done by yielding to
the English suggestion which is based
on the relation of British interest to
American finance. An American cur
rency with only a gold legal tender
would be almost as great a boon to
England as a continuance of the Demo
cratic tariff. The paralyzing effects
upon business would be very nearly
equal to it and far more permanent.
To-day we are feeling the force of
currency restriction through the gold
option contract. Demonetize silver and
retire the greenbacks and we shall
have no choice but gold at a perpetual
premium and Bhln-plasters at a dis
count. Then England will sell her
gJld, increase her legal tender paper
currency aa she did in 1844, and laugh
at us for adopting counsel intended for
her advantage, not ours.
The road to "honest" money, of
hlch we bear so much blatherskite
nonsense, is not to reject all other
forms of currency, but to provide a
currency just as good and so abundant
that it shall not be necetaary nor
profitable to board it up or save It for
speculation.
Neither will the Republican party
bring prosperity or a "revival of busi
ness" by seeking to work over that old
and purblind Democratlo theory that a
legal tender must be "at all times re
deemable In gold." The bonds of the
United States are always worth more
than gold, though they are "redeema
ble in gold" only at certain times.
What are the plain and evident les
sons to be drawn from tliwe potviit
facts. They are, first, that a piper
legal tender ii an essential of modern
commercial conditions; second, such a
currency would put gold Into circula
tion and give opNrtunlty for a wise,
deliberate and unforced adjuntmont of
the silver question; third, that both
tho demonetization of sliver demanded
by the "gold-bugs," and the "free
coinage" of silver demanded by the
"sllverltes," are equally dangerous ex-
edlents.
The assumption br certain financial
theorists thut the only "honest money
Is gold or a paper money redeemable in
gold," is one of those curious popular
delusions that result from misuse of
terms and misconceptions of facts in
the course of a heated controversy.
That "honest" money should always be
worth as much as gold, might be ac
cepted a i a correct statement of a fi
nancial truth; but a currency may be
composed wholly of gold and yet be of
the most dishonest character ever
known. There Is not gold enough in
the world to pay off the accruing in
terest of national and individual obli
gations, lot alone the principal. Be
cause of this, a currency having only a
gold legal tender is essentially dishon
est, and a legal tender that professes to
be "always" redeemable in gold is a
lie. There never was a time when all
the legal tender notes of the Bank of
England, for instance, would be re
deemed if presented at one time. Tho
whole theory of constant redeemabllity
depends on the hypothesis that it is a
moral and physical impossibility for
them all to be presented at once. The
Bame is true of our national bank notes.
No bank in the country could meet its
Issues in gold If all were presented
simultaneously. Probably very few of
them could pay a third, or even a
fourth, perhaps hardly a fi'th of Jn ! -
sue In gold. Whut makes them gouu,
stable and honest? Simply the fact
that the bondB of the government paya
ble in gold are behind them. The
bolder knows that If the bank docs not
redeem them the government will.
But they are not always redeemable in
gold. The bank must fall before the
government will redeem them. Six
months or a year must elapse before a
bolder in the usual routine would get
at the gold. Bat every one knows they
are good for It in the end, and that suf
fices.
It is not instant interchangeablllty
with gold that gives stability to a cur
rency, but universal confidence, that
when the end Is reached it will be gold
or something equivalent with gold.
A bond of the United States bearing
two per cent Interest, in gold, is equal
with gold. A bond of the United States,
having a very much less rate of inter
est, payable or renewable )n classes of
$50,000,000 annually, which should be a
legal tender, would always be equal
with gold. Why not have such a cur
rency? Is it possible that those who
are clamoring for "honest" money
want a dishonest money? Do they
want to reduce the currency so as to
make a gold dollar worth twice as
much to-morrow as it is to-day? That
is just what the demand for gold as the
sole legal tender means.
It is evident, In my mind, that all
honest, well posted men realize that we
want more money, that the circulating
medium is inadequate to the volume of
business done, that a s'ngle standard in
easilv manipulated cornered is of
real use to only a few.
"Honest" money is like an honest
note or other obligation, it must be
equivalent to gold or any other form of
currency in acceptability. That is, It
must be of such a character that peo
ple will be just as willing to receive it
in exchange for their debts or products
as gold. Ji we make a paper legal
tender interest-bearing and payable in
classes at fixed intervals, the amounts
being such that there will be no trouble
about the country being able to pay
each class In gold, with accrued inter
est, when it becomes due or exchangea
ble, such a currency will always be as
good as gold, and gold, instead of being
hoarded and held for speculation, will
come into actual circulation.
The assumption that all are dishon
est who oppose the restriction of our
currency by making gold the only
legal tender, is a most glaring and un
justifiable one. There are very few,
Continued on pK 4.