The American. (Omaha, Nebraska) 1891-1899, March 15, 1895, Image 1

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"AMERICA FOR AMERICANS." We hold lhal alt nu n nr.' A nerlran wliu Sfr Allegiance to tho United SUUn without a mental reservation in favor of the Poie.
The selection of u paj'ii-t by the
caxe of Malone to be a nt of the
university of New York plea-e's the
pope. Iues it pleas. A me ricaiis?
One of a series ul so-called A.
P. A. bills has been favorably re porU d
in the Michigan house, having already
passed the sena'e'. It provides for re
pealing the act under which female
juvenile offenders may, at the parent'
option, be sentenced to the House of
the Good Shepherd, a Roman Catholic
institution, at Detroit, or the State In
dustrial school for girls. Another A.
P, A. bill providing for the ineorora
tion of Loyal Orange Institutions was
agreed to in the committee of tha whole.
Even the worst Roman-ruled
dailies often make a good )oiiit proba
bly by mistake in favor of American
Ism and against the outrageous bigotry
of Itomanism. That this is so we only
have to quote an editorial from the St.
Paul riotivtr-l'roui, a paper which has
for more than a score of years been con
8idered the mouth-piece of John Ire
land. That editorial while passing some
severe and undeserved strictures uH)n
Slattery. at the same time utters some
merited reproo' to the Roman bigots
who sought to suppress free speech in
Savannah by brute force. The I'rciss
said: "Just what were the subjects of
the lectures of Slattery and his wife
which called forth the riotous i.emon
stration of the mob of excited Catholics
at Savannah and made It necessary to
call out the police and the military to
protect them from assault, we do not
know. The same man was in this city
two or three years ago, and It was said
that his lectures were made up chiefly
of slanderous attacks upon the chastity
of the Catholic sisterhoods and priests.
Whether this is the burden of his song
at Savannah, we do not know; but we
do know that nothing he could say
against the Catholic religion ana no
calumnies -he could utter against its
ministers and servants could do a thous
andth part as much harm to Catholi
cism in this country as the txibition of
fanatical fury with which this mob of
its abherents at Savannah undertook to
silence the offending speaker. There
is nothing in Slattery's antecedents or
career io give weight or credibility to
his accusations. lie was indited in
Pittsburg some years ago for selling ob
scene literature. His mission is to stir
up sectarian rancor and bitterness. All
he is after is the notoriety which his
crusade against the priests and nuns
will give him, and money which notor
iety will cnab'e him to procure. The
Catholics o! Savannah have done all
they could to help him to both. If he
had been allowed to sayhls say and go
his way, all he would have left behind
him would have been the contempt of
the community. But they chose to dig
nify him by making a martyr of him:
to assail' the sacred rights of free speech
in his person; to make it necessary to
call tohis aid the forces of law and or
der to protect him- from violence, and
to arouse a 6entiment of indignation
among the 'Protestant portion of the
co i munity, and have thus succeeded
in exalting him for the moment to the
character-of a Joharapion of American
liberty. Narrow zealots on the Prot
istant side have seized upon the mis
takes of'the n&rrow zealots on the other,
and it is not surprising to learn that
the first fruits of this outbreak of Cath
olic wrath against their denouncer is
the organization of the A. P. A. in Sa
vannah under the leadershiD of this
emissary of that secret anti-Catholic
society. A Catholic correspondent,
while not justfying the outbreak of mob
violence against this man in Savannah,
seems to think it quite natural and ex
cusablejmanifestations of resentment in
view of the nature of the provocation
and the hot Southern temper which it
excited. If he had said that, in the
South, the rights of free discussion had
been so often outraged in political mat
ters, it was natural that violence should
he resorted to to suppress it in religious
controversies, the argument would be
intelligible. But no provocation can
excuse the attempt to suppress free
speech on American soil. The proper
and only effectual answer to slander
and falsehood, when they cannot be
reached by legal process, is to expose
and denounce them on the same arena
where their weapons are employed. To
silence the speaker by force is the
remedy only of the ignoran :e and bru
tality which cannot answer hischargs.
English hlstoryjhas hardly produced a
grea'er scoundrel and libertine than
John Wilkes. But around his person,
and in causes In whiuh j was defend
ant against the whole power of the
crown, was fought the great battle for
the liberty of the press in England.
This man Slattery might be even a less
reputable character than he is said to
be, but the Catholics of Savannah have
clothed him with the dignity of re pre- j
seutirg one of the most precious rights
01 American el! :'lisli) r. And wo ne-
lievo that their course in this matter
will he a generally condemned by the)
intelligent Catholic ci'izen o' thin
country as by any of the Protest int
"Satoi.i.i in Polities." Such
was the heading that graced an article
in a leading daily ptiicr a few days ago.
The article itself Inire out the idea
contained in the beading, and should
speak in such thunderous tones as to
awaken what few Protestants still re
main asleep to the true intent of the
Roman Catholic hierarchy. Satolli
was writing to officials of Guatemala,
and took occasion to say: "In the first
place a'low me to su.'gest that to re
establish diplomatic relations between
the holy see and your government, a
'concordant' would not be necessary, but
that they could be reestablished, and
maintained without it. Besides, it is
wi ll to it fleet that the holy father en
joys always, In fi'ct and by international
right, the prerogatives of sovereignty.
In the second place, the separation be
tween the church and the state (sane
tioned by the constitution) excluded the
action of one power over another in
civil matters la regard to the church,
and in religious matters in respect to
the state, but does not exclude official
relations between the one power and
the other, unless by separation is meant
the inevitable hostility or open wrong
of the civil power toward the church
and its ministry. It is also to the point
to consider that any nations (although
they bavo in their constitutions the
said principle of separation between
state ar.d chureh) maintains neverthe
less amicable reports and relations with
the holy see, and I can also add that
although the holy see has no diplomatic
reports with the empires of China and
Japan, it has certainly found no oflicial
obstacles In their diversity of religion.
And the condition of the Catholic
church in the United States, in w hose
constitution was inserted the article of
separation of the state from any relig
ious 6ect, cannot escape our considera
tion. If up to date no oflicial relations
exist between the government and the
holy Bee, ii is because the majority of
the population is anti Catholic. In the
meantime the church here is attaining
possibly greater development and lib
erty than in other countries." Besides
this direct reference to the United
States, it is said that Mgr. Sa'olU's
argument as to the propriety of ( Hicial
relations between Guatemala and Rome
applies also to the United Sta es. Uesays the constitutional provision of
both countries is the same resptcting
church and state. As to the concern
of the pope forthechuich in Central
America, the document says: "I am
happy to state that the holy father,
with much pleasure, learns that the
ancient violent prejudice and opposition
to the church are daily disappearing.
Moreover, I must assure you of the
lively concern of his holiness to see the
condition of the Catholic church in
your state, the great importance of
which in Central America ii well
known, improved. Therefore, the holy
father regards as the greatest import
ance, religious and civil, the good ex
istence and frii ndly relations, and he
is not averse to making all such con
cessions as may be compatible with, the
doctrine of the church with the welfare
of the faithful, and with the prosperity
of your country. And, therefore, his
holiness consents to proceed to the
nomination of an apostolic administra
tion to the see of Guatemala, who, being
a stranger to every faction, and without
personal preoccupation, should put in
order the religious affairs of the various
archdioceses, which has been so many
years without its urgent needs. The
apostolic administrator should be a
European, selected from among notable
prelates or monks, and of tried piety
and prudence being such he should
more readily succeed in his difficult
mission." Speaking of the desirability
of rendering less burdensome the con
dition of the church in Guatemala,
Mgr. Satolli says: "Apropos of which,
allow me to recall to your consideration
the numerous deem s issued from the
12th of December, 1871, up to 1S4, and
other dispositions up to 1887: decrees
and dispositions of law more or le.-s
gravely prejudicial to religious liberty,
that the church, by divine right and
almost, I may say, by the right of man
kind traditional for centuries, has pos
sessed always and everywhere: decrees
and laws that with mature examination
must be recognized as exceptional, pos
sibly accounted for by temporary cir
cumstances, or that the government
might secure Itself agtiinst a supposed
adversary, which unfortunately the
Catholic church in Guatemala In those
times was believed to be, because other
wise it would be impossible to under
stand how such decrees and laws accord
with the separation of the church from
the state, honestly and rationally
considered. And, therefore, with the
i constitution t stalilisticu u lu-j lmmui-
able basis of rhiM--public of Gua'omala.
it will not Ih difficult to become, ecu-
vineed that the laws and decr-s re
ferred to alove should K- t least
modified, or in the in tiler uf theso laws
and decrees there should lj mime
amieitble adjustment with the holy woe.
The constitution anJ government would
thus receive a most notable seal and
guarantee for the future through the
desired agreement between tin govern
ment and the holy s-e; an agreement
that harmonizes excellently with the
declared separation between the church
and slate, and an accord that would
bring peace to the souls of tho nopula
lion of Guatemala, which is for the
greater part Catholic." Thecommunl
cation closes as follows: "I have lei
lieved it expedient to premise the above
expressed considerations, and thus ful
fill the duty imposed uwn mo by the
holy see, to beg you to refer to your
government the intentions of tho holy
father, and his anxiety to improve in a
way the conditions of the church in
Guatemala, to succeed to the full satis
faction of your government, and to
great advantage of all the republic,
religious and civil. Finally, accept the
confidential communication that the
government of Nicaragua has already
sent to Rune by Dr. Modesto Barrios,
as its envoy extraordinary and minister
plenipotentiary to the holy see, for the
purpose of Initiating and completing
with the greatest expediency the good
relations between the same government
and tho holy see. I hope that your
governmentof Guatemala will not allow
much time to pass before taking the
same resolution." It is said that this
is the first time, so 'ar as is known, that
Mgr. Satolli's mission has been ex
tended outside of spiritual questions
and has dealt with governmental sub
jects. Rev. Fkancis Noon an of Wil
mington, III., proK)ses to maintain his
good name even if he has to call in the
strong arm of the law A daily paper
published in Chicago, says: "Arch
bishop Patrick A. F ehan is made de
fendant in a $.'0.0K) suit brought in the
circuit court by tho Rev. Francis Noo
nan. It is stated that the complaining
priest came to Chicago from southern
Illinois in 1 Still. He was officially re
cognized by Archbishop Feehan and
was assigned to read mass in the church
at Wilmington, Hi. According to the
Baltimore council there are two ways by
which a priest may beudopt d as a child
of a diocese. Oi.e is by actual adopt
ion in a formul manner; tho oher is by
uninterrupted discharge of priestly du
ties for the period o' three years. Noo
nun claims that the latter method is
that by which he became related to the
diocise. This is a very important fea
ture in the clergyman's suit a- a basis
for his action against the head of the
diocese. It is one of the. peculiarities ef
this case that it is to determine the
right of a priest to resort to a court of
law to recovc r his regular p.ty and dam
age s for his loss of a church position. It
is told that there was another priest
who had an eye on the place held by
Father Nim nan. This was Fathtr
Thomas O'Girra. He was so desirous
of getting the parish tuat he kept a
close watch on NoonaD's conduct. Fa
ther Noonan had in his home tvo at
tractive young women who were known
to the good people as the lovable i.ieces
of the pastor. It Is td eged that O'Gar
ra in trying to supplant Father Noonan
said some raughty things and tv n
went so far as to declare that the wo
men in the sacred precincts of the rec
tory were rot the priest's nieces. This
reflected seriously against the priest.
There was much and scandalous talk as
the result. Then O Gtrra succeeded in
securing the desired appointment, and,
it is alleged, became the master of the
situation by getting on his muscle and
literally throwing Father Noonan out.
The father having exhausted all church
remedies now turns with his injured
feelings to the courts for redress. He
sues the archbishop as the representa
tive of the diocese which he claims has
wronged him. He will also bring suit
in Will county against Father O'Garra
for libei.
The Keening Xen's of Detroit,
Mich., published, the lllth, a three-column
sensational Interview with a prom
inent ex-member of the American Pro
tective Association, in which it is al
leged that a well known official of the
order received some$G,0(K) from Colonel
Bliss, one of the candidates for nomina
tion as governor last year, and various
sums from other candidates. It is also
charged tnat an attempt was made to
secure $titX) monthly from United States
Senator McMillan during the senatorial
campaign last winter. Facsimile let
tors between Beatty and members of
the American Protective Association
state political committee are published
to substantiate tho charges. Other al-
working" lht candidates
ami impropriating llie iiriHvi da (
; forth In detail
A Miirderoiix Assaull Made tut I lie
prudent 1'oli-ll Priest.
There was a sunt' 1 sled riot at the
St. Paul's Polish Cutholie church in
this city la.'t Tuesday morning, It
s i ins that a plan hitd been prearruiigt d
to eject tho priest in charge of Un
church, and just after tho usiutl dully
leiiU-n service had closed and tho con
gregation had departed, a party of
thirty-tlvo men who an- understood to
belong to tho faction suportiiig the
bishep entered the church and ordered
the priest, Rev. SU phen Kamhiskl, to
leave the church. This the priest re
fused to do, and ordered the men to
leave the place. Instead of complying
with his request the men hcim to
threaten him with bodily harm.
The priest, fearing that an offort
would bo made upon his life, since he
received several threatening letters,
arii'ed himself with a revolvcrand again
requested them to leave, but was an
swered by several shots directed at. him,
and in self defense he returned the lire.
During the general commotion that
followed no less that thirty shots are
said to have been exchanged tictweou
the priest and tho attacking party
Joseph Dargauz 'wskl tho leader of the
latter was shot In the right knee and
ankle and severely injured. This in
censed the crowd and several more shots
were directed toward the priest, but
they failed to reach him, so tbey cried
hang him! But he was safely barricaded
behind the altar.
The attacking party finding they were
unable to cope with the Rev. Kamlnski
withdrew from the church, and the in
jured man crawled out on his hands and
knees and was removed to an ajolning
house where ho rccleved medical at
In a short time tho church whs sur
rouded by hundreds of men, women and
children armed with clubs and revol
vers, and an effort was mude to gain ad
mission, but the priest held the fort,
and no one had tho courage to enter
the c hurch. The crowd then oiitented
itself wiih breaking all the window
ligh's out on the wist side of the, church
a' d 'bursting open the do r.
By this time Detective Hudson ar
rived a"d attempted to quiet the div
Uii'tmne-', but his efforts only increased
the lury of the mob, and a riot call wa4
sent to the ollce station, and six police
officers were sect to the sconce, arriving
tlicio just as some of U.o hot-headed
Polantlers were culling upon others to
aid them in taking the priest from the
church and hang him.
At the rear of the church whs a small
ga'herirg of the faithful followers of
the priest who stood guard at the back
entrance. A woman is said to have led
the attack on thee by throwing a tin
can at one of them, which was a signal
for a general fu.-ilade of rock), brick
bats and other mis-i'es, which was soon
quelled by the arrest of two boligerarits
who were belaboring each other with
pitchfork handles. The church yard
was then cleared and the crowd gather
ed on the outside of the fence and con
tinued to discuss t he trouble.
Soon after a warrant was sworn oui,
by a brother of the man who was shot,
for the priest, and he was arrested and
taken to the station, but was released
on b;til a short time afterward.
The priest, in relating the occurrence
to a reporter, said:
''I had just Finished the morning mass
when a doz-n men entered the church,
and the leader, Joseph Novitski, said
as he approached me, 'Hold up your
hands,' at the same time ixiinting a re
volver at me. I was not disconcerted
In the least and told him to leave the
church. The party marched as far as
the middle of tho church, and I then
feared that it was their intention to
kill me, or do me bodily harm. I again
warned them to depart and was answer
ed with a volley of bullets. Of course,I
had to defend myself, and returned the
fire, not, however, with the intention of
killing anyone unless it was absolutely
necessary. I shot at the men's legs and
understand I wounded one of them. I
had reason to believe my life was in
danger, be aose I have received several
threatening letters in which I was
warned to leave the city at once or suf
fer death. Joseph Novitski was the
leader of the attacking party, and to
him may be attributed ah the trouble.
He has said he would kill me aid has
Incensed the people up to the pitch of
murdering me. I am sorrj the trouble
occurred, but would conduct mvself in
the same manner If attacked by a large
body of men who had designs upon my
Tho trouble arises out of the litiga
tion which has been in progress in the
district court for some time, in which
the bishop and his followers are en
deavoring tj secure possession of St.
legations of
Paul' Polish church roperty, which
in held under an order issued by Judge
Seott giving posx'ssion to the tipNsiiig
faction, pending an h ul from the
decision of Judee Anihro-o civing the
INinst' vdon to the bishop's followers,
but under i!n rules of law St. Paul'
Polish church bud twenty days In
which Ui lile their notice of apcal and
foriil-h a Uuid, which hit already Is -en
made, the priest and his followers were
in rightful possession of the pienilses,
and an Interference with this right was
certainly In contempt of court.
It Is currently rcorted that C. J.
Smyth had previously advised the at
tacking party to "take possession of
tho church peaceably If possible, ami by
force If necessary." If this U so,
Sni) the Is equally guilty, and sho ild
Ik dealt w ith tho sumo as other law
breakers. Wo understand that Uilh
factioi.H have lieslejied the (Nillce court
for the arrest of the participants in the
( aid inul Yiiiiuhiui As Arliitrutor.
At tho Bow, London, county court,
today, an action was brought by Mrs.
I.aidlow agaiiiht the R'V. 1). Fleming, a
Roman Catholic clergyman, to recover
II oi), tho amount of a deposit note on
Barker's bank which plaiuti IT alleged
had been given to her by her friend,
Miss Donovan, since deceased, and
which the defendant, as trustee of tho
state of Miss Donovan's father, refused
to deliver up. This was tho case In
which Cardinal Vaughan arbitrated.
His honor, in giving judgment, said
that the case at first sight boomed to bo
surrounded with difficulties. Father
Donovan hud doubtless acted In the
case with a strict regard to what was
right as administrator of the estate.
He (the learned judge) had no reason
to doubt the truth of the evidence given
by Mrs. Laidlow, and therefore he gave
judgment for the plaintiff with costs.
Tho Eiiylixh Churchman of this week
makes tho following statement: Wo
have reason to believe that Cardinal
Vaughan Is pushing the claims of the
papacy in every department of English
life. Information reaches us that he
now holds courts and exercises judicial
functions. On one recent occasion he
sat in great slate wearing the well
known historic rohes of a papal prince,
and having the assistance of two of her
majesty's county court judges as legal
assessors. We can state that one of
these judges is a Iloman Catholic, and
wo should say that tho other U of the
same religion, although we are not
h bio to identify him. But before this
court, deriving its authority from a
foreign power, there appeared some
learned counsel, and amongst them was
one very eminent queen's counsel, who
is a churchman and a member of par
liament. The trial had relation to a
dispute concerning some mimibtio
scandals, but we arc less concerned
with the subject matter of .t than with
the fact that such a coio t has been set
up in England, and has been recognized
by some of her majesty's judges and
counsel. The proetedir.g deserve I a
question in the house of commons.
Monsignor Johnson, secretary to his
eminence, Cardinal Vaughan, Roman
Catholic archbishop of Westminster, made a statement to a representa
tive of the pre-s respecting certain al
legations of tho Et.ylislt Chiirchniin
newspaper. That organ charges the
cardinal with pushing the claims of
papacy in every department of English
life, aid with having on a recent oc
casion held a court, with the assistance
of two county court judgi s as legal as
sessors. "Belore this court," says iuc
Emlink Churchman, "deriving its au
thority from a foreign iwwer, there ap
peared some learned counsel." Cardinal
Vaughan has left England for Rome,
but Monsignor Johnson, upon having
his attention directed to the statement
aliova quoted, said, "It would be impos
sible for Cardinal Vaughan to contra
dict all the lying charges which are
from time to time made against the
Catholic body in this country. There
seems to be a continually growing de
parture from the old English habit of
speaking the truth." The monsignor
proceeded to cite cases which had oc
curred during the life of Cardinal Man
ning, when Catholics desiring to save
law costs came to the cardinal, who
acted as a friendly arbitrator. With
regard to the particular case mentioned
by the English. Churchman, It was true
that a Catholic in the diocese preferred
a complaint against a priest and de
m inded an inquiry. Cardinal Vaughan
readily granted it. The county court
judges sat with him at his request, but
certainly unofficially, and as members
of the Catholic body simply. Both
priest aDd accuse r were, in accordance
with their own wish, represented by
counsel. "Surely," continued Monsig
nor Johnson, "there is nothing more in
this than the exercise of the right
which the English law recognizes
that of referring a case te an arbitrator
acceptable to both p arties."
The English Churchman returns to
the subject of pupal courts hi KngUnd,
insisting that its pn vioun statement
was HiiMmitlally ct'rreet. Furl her in
formation has been received, and Judge
ll.ighbawo, y. C, and Judge Stonor are
mentioned as the county court judges
who sut with Card in ii I Vaughan. Ills
ati stated thai Sir Edward Clarke. Q.
('., and Mr. ('ohtello apficarcd as coun
sel. Tho action trie,! In the Bow
county court IihiI no connection with
the case to which tho original an
nouncement refernd. Tho English
Churchman alleges that Cardinal
Vaughan sal in tin seurlct robe of tho
curdlnalatK, and was acting by virtue of
his position and authority a head of
the Roman Catholic church in
lard, and It coiiflod-'g by challenging
the publication of the proceeding with
out the names of tho parties.
A Sure Sign.
KniToit Tiik Amkuican; Tho Chi
cago liccttrtl a few days ago published
un Interview of a prominent Catholic
clergyman, who recently returned from
an extended slay In Rome, and If all
signs do not fail, Pope Leo XIII will
soon die, on account of his falling
health. It has always Itocn regarded
as ,a psychological certainty, that
when some tcoplu become too generous
and 1 literal all at once, it is a sure sign
of their approaching end. And that is
exactly the cor dllion of tho jKipo. For
man' years the pojie Inn lieen schem
ing to bring hack under his supremacy
the various branches of tho Greek
church; but at present ho Is particular
ly anxious about the Anglican church,
and lately called Cardinal Vaughan to
Rome to device the best means for
leading tho Church of England Into tho
fold of Rome, which means nothing
less than papal rule for the whole of
in order to accomplish this end, tho
popo is really to make more and greater
confessions than any popo ever made
before. They may hold communion In
two forms: Bread and wine. Tho
church service may be performed In
the native tonguo. The clergy who
are married aro not required to desert
their wIvcb. Only acknowledge his su
premacy; bow duwn to that Idol of
Rome; satisfy his vanity kiss hlsgrcat
toe and the pepo will forgive you, and
call il all square.
Hero is tho same voice of tho same
evil spirit by which Christ was tempted
in the wilderness. And yet, in this en
lightened Nineteenth century, even
kings and presidents do homage to this
' SancttiH iSifdiKM."
As the whole discourse is silent on
that point, It is hut reasonable to ask,
What would the nations gain by such a
bargain? Rome never denies itself.
From the history of the past, and from
the Kior conditions of tho Roman Cath
olic countries at present, wo know ex
actly what every one will lose, the
very moment he submits himself to
papal supremacy. How wise the world
he, if mi n would understand the les
sons from history? When papal su
premacy was at the height of its glory
when it had one foot upon the necks
of the emperors and the other upon the
rights and conscience of the ignorant
u.a-scs that period was tho darkest in
all human history.
Lot us hold up before the pcoplc,ovcr
and over again, the great and essential
difference between Christ and the pope,
between the ProWstant and Roman
Ca'holic principles.
Jesus said: "You do err," and why?
"Because you do not know the Scrip
tures." The reformation came, and
understood this valuanle hint, sett ered
the link' everywhere among the na
tions, and with the light of the Gospel,
new life, new energy, new discoveries
sprang up, and an age of general pros
jHirity came over all Europe where
that light wis not barred out.
Should any one require further proof,
just let him draw a geographical line
and compare the conditions of those
nations who came out in the light, with
those that were kept in bondage by the
Roman hierarchy, where hardly more
than 20 per cent are able to real and
write. Because Rome has always neg
lected the wants of her own children,
you will fiod ample reason for thanking
God that He has placed you somewhere
else than in a Roman Catholic country,
w here darkness and superstition must
prevail for her policy ever will be, the
more ignorant a Ca'.holic is, the more
pious and the better tool be makes for
Roine. J- P.
Chicago, I 1 , March 11, 1 S95.
Will He An Editor.
Representative Dick Jem-ss of Doug
las county Las just purchased the At
kinson Graphic, and when the legisla
ture adjourns he will remove to Atkin
son aad mould thought in the most ap
proved style. He is a gen Vman and a
scholar and an experienced newspaper
man and he will continue the Graphic
as one of the brightest and best country
papers of the state, which Editor Mo
Arthur has made it. Fremont Trtbune.