The American. (Omaha, Nebraska) 1891-1899, January 13, 1893, Image 1

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    AMERICAN
i I ft' tWItHtM a4 tl !? . 4t t jt far t'Brirtf I t..tn'
Vot.t'Mk lit.
OMAHA, SriUJASK A, I i;l!A V, 4 AM'AUY l, I MM.
THE
V
A 01 AN T DErOKMEl).
figure Shorn tmgf th Unnatural
CroMhef lhU $
Matting a Strong Arnumf.nl in favor t
Clo"tOur Ports Against turopa't
Pupr, Criminal and Co
trail Labor tmmmr.
tion.
Population of Hie I'nHod
Stat.-, in lfct I2.V2
Population of the
States in iHim 2.n22,2.W
Aggregate Immigration
li.H;nt 141,430
Aggregate immigration
Increase imputation 8;i0 .Vfoid
Increase in Immigration
1830-00 30-fold
For the bom-lit of tho people of the
earth in general, tho wiseacres of tho
tifty-third congress, theio in the black
faced typo is the hackneyed, muddled,
misquoted immigration quotation pre
sented in epitome.
Apply the same principles of
growth to the stature of a youth
and you have deformity. You
have one member, Bay tho trunk,
the head, tho limbs, the feet any
part by which you may chose to
typify the foreignportion of the
body politicIncreasing in soven
ty years seven times as fast-as the
rest of the organism.
We are fond of calling our re
public a young giant. In this
light it looks rather like a young
ogre, a deformed giant at best
"Who can wonder at the outbreak
of its diseases? Who can doubt
that with tho growth of its dis
proportion the increase of Its
ailings will bo such that the out
breaks of the Chicago Hay market
and the New Orleans parish
prison will be deemed mere pre
monitory symptoms of a disease
which in the course of years, and
not so many years, will leave thd
young republic, not a deformed
living giant, but a dead, distorted
giant4 cumborlng Ahe earth and
--4rtrifag-WStt 'fcW the continent,
which was its priceless heritage,
and drawing all tho foul birds of
the nations to a carrion feast.
But may tho sentimentalists,
headed by that president of an
eastern institution of learning,
whose methods of historical and
ethnological study may be gauged
by his comparison of the Mormon
elders to the Puritan fathers.
'It Is the will of God. It Is tho
law of nature. We are all of im
migrant stock ourselves. We
are estopped by the bare fact of
our descent from seeking to con
trol this startling, but really
only natural phenomenon, which
In course of time will regulate
itself."
It Is not the will of God. It Is the
will of 4,084 British, 1,300 Dutch, 4,000
Italian and probably 10,000 steamship
sub-agonts who have received in the
last ten-years commissions of from $2 to
3 per head on nearly every ono of tho
over 5,000,000 passage tickets to this
country sold by the European trans
portation comoanles. It Is not the law
of nature. It Is the law of the British
government, which has in tho same
length of time by the operation of its
sixty-nine subsidized prisoners' aid so
cieties decreased Its criminal population
from 2.1,000 to 12,000 by deporting It to
our shores, which has decreased poor
rates In some parishes 500 per cent, by
the same process which has stripped the
waste bogs of Ireland of the population
they were too poor to support in tho
same fashion, which has in short mani
fested in tho forcing upon us of its sub
jects every sign of arrogant selfishness
and Insolent contempt, which, in the
forcing from us of our citizens, It mani
fested in and prior to the year 1812,
and which to the courteous demand of
a commissioner from the soeretary of
the treasury for information returns
through one of the salaried officers of
Its subsidized societies this answer:
"You are from the United States; we
do not print any reports; we do not give
, any information; we do not lot any
prisoners go from our doors without as
sistance, and if one of them becomes
president of tho United States you will
never be the wiser."
No, neither God nor nature is res-
ponsiblo for tho increase of the normal tion statistics, are called "souls." The
annual Influx of a quarter of a million teeming slums of Chicago teem with
aliens in the GO's, tho (iO's and the 70's, j 34,520 more opportunities for anarchist
to tho half a million (or in exact num-1 propaganda than they did in tho pro
bers, 524,001) annual average of tho 80's. vlous fiscal year, and to tho great,
It is the corporate creed of reckless J magnificent, unpeopled, resourceful
alien transportation companies in "empire," as it has been fitly called, of
tho first place, and next tho dovillsh
enmity or reckless contempt of the
British government toward American
institutions which has given to "our
ki" "-w .
im M t mattia!( '. l ml tho stittp
U.n nl their m tntatho
1 in tif tveigMmr, ami .to it with that
MiagWifliiiitly ofgattUe! h)tettnv of
John Hull In the natm-of cht Uttanily.
Ihtt Oils tn4 of Christian chaiitj
must atop, i fur Oils country U con
ivrned, or In Unto our treo Institution
mill toiler unit full W'tr the Imiorant
Maatitta of thoae ho thi to'l Hlnl Cannot
reallo their value, ami ". in ciiially
Ignnrant of I Ho Moaning I Hoy tiro
alt mint Uimnio truly American.
In order to realize Iho immigration
qtiistion it In iiHViirv to approach it
from the hither end. The mint which
most Inwiedtatoly concern u and the
comprehension of whleh la ncoenwnry
for tho comprehension of all points I
where the immigrant stay when they
do come, ami who and what they arc.
Tho statistical bureau of tho troamiry
deiartment gives us ample information
on tho first of these vital questions in
tho follow ing table showing tho num
ber of immigrants destined to each
state, territory and tho district of
Columbia during tho year ending June
"0, 1800:
Sluti-s itnrl
Tnrrltnrlns.
?4.T -- - - -v. ----- -- 'i
St.ttle and
No. Tcrrltorlos.
:i Monlana
:K! MiiHiti'liuwittH
111) N. lliiniiMliIre
B'jn N. Carolina...
(I.H70 NebntHkii
il.M7!V Nnvada
ll.flM New Jersey...
,;hs New Mexico..
IK7 NewVork....
a, WW Ohio
2,N2(i On-Koii
Ml I'miiiNylvarilu
2.KM Khoilii Inland.
17 H. Carollria,.,,
iM.MII Tetlliessefl ...
7,WiS Texas
am t;tah
7MI Vernioiit
2.;H VIkIiiIh
2,lVKl WcHt, Vlrnlnla
SM4 Wlsennsln
a.lHH Wimlilt.Ktnn..
l;i,l:;n WymcliiK
fl.4iK TourlKls
H..''.N Not IteporUid.
am
No.
Alaska
Alulminii
Arizona,... .
ArkiniHiiH
Onnnnctlcut..
(tnloriulo
California ....
fleliiWHre
Iilstof tiol'lila
liakola
I'lorlda
Wcorida
I ii'l In mi
I nd. Territory
Illinois
Iowa :. . . ,
liluli (,...'
Kentucky
Kiiiimoh
l.onUliina
Maine
Murylanil
MlrlilKitn
Mlmmirl
MlnniiHota...
MIshIhhI))I ... ,
S47
IMS
Ml
(U:m
15.s;i:i
im
t:n.7H
15.SM
1 . 1 . .M
n. mn
, ,M7
171
4!"l
,.1WI
,!H
4Wl
;n
'M
I0.4'.l
;m
Ml
1.M71
111
Those figures simply ring with an
eloquent arraignment of the present
utter tack of intelligent distribution of
immigration. Save by tho United
Hebrew charities In their scientific
efforts for the betterment of their
exiled brethren of Russia no adequate
attempt has been made by any com
petent agency to ascertain what part of
tho country really needs immigration
and what part of tho country immigra
tion really needs.
Under this system, our utter lack of
system, the swarming tenements of tho
East Side have been ovorswarmed by
the majority of tho 13.r,7(l!l aliens who
have made this state their refuge. Tho
hovels about tho col lories and coal
ovens of Pennsylvania have been jtoo
plod by 71,007 additional individuali
ties which by tho courtesy of lmmlgra-
Montana, where every form of Industry,
from sheep raising to gold mining,
offers an incentive to human activity,
has gone the pitiful squad of 847 people.
ll l a )'! ttiiniHi tnii't M.n
ll i , ..t. IIm' iviU-.ii r hini Otv !.1
tH i.l ho l in4- hi i4 ln .1 gi.l
an. l.i I Hum up at n fl
li.iini lrli, I ho iin.l i(. X rs ! Mi
Uo nmv fam.w ()ji i atii in,"l liwl ,
lf ,ti .! !
It U ti mit.s-r !.. MHkt to unati H
tho flrt plUaiiiv if t a.t) tn.'ii. t tint
titaj- oino Hi ay, to ii.nll. r NHowm'
l.e luav miat. lilt, Il. l.m io min.l to
IniiKI up a Himto, to (.iiin.l a family II"
la imply aftor it larger day' ) than
ho ha rHS'lvis Ixfuiv. Thi l tho
aivrol of the eotiietlin of Inonlitration
In coal llehl and largo eltie. The ro-it.-atvlipn
of tho latoot aonatorlal imetl
ga'lon ootnmlttiv prove th! lo amply
and Iihi oxlettflvely to ln nior" than
mentioned hero.
But the fin t I that after tho atatU
tieluna have olMwilled to the ln-st of
their aliility and have put 2.tl7tl,IH.'i in
''miseellaneous" ehiwH whleh Include
lalmrera and lll,l."" as "not stat'd,"
and 27,000 as "profoaaional," theiv re
main an appalling total of 2,4s:i,M)l m ho
cannot lie Ineluded even in the unskilled
labor class. It is true that 1,7(S7,2H4 art?
women and A.'H.OO' children and there
fore presumably dependent upon other
in the skilled, miscellaneous or profes-
sional classes. But when we have cut
all this away wo come down to the fact,
only commensuratcly lessapalilng, that
in that decade 25.'l,O02 men landed in
thU country who had not even the skill
and knowledge necessary for tho mer
est hewing of wood and drawing of ws -
tor, who could not even break stone on
a t.fil , I I ir on ft ft.. in u lt.im.iti
Yet optimistic Colonel Weber ciiiim
back from his tour of Europe as com
missioner convinced of tho fact that
this country was "no longer tho dump
ing ground of Eurojm," and that to the
alien steamship corporations, guided by
their fear of the elllclent Inspection at
Ellis Island, the future of this country
may Im left.
That the same bureau of Immigration
statistics which tells us where these
people go; tells us who and what they
are. It tolls a story of a portentous In
crease unansimilating Immigration In
tho last two decades in a table of arriv.
als, by nationalities and by decades; of
alien passengers from October 1, 1H20,
to December Hi, 1807, and of immigrants
from January 1, 1808, to Juno 30, 1800,
This increase is unassimilating of its
own volition. It is in the countries of
Italy and Hungaria that the percentage
of increase Is, savo for tho tyranny
stimulated increase of tho Itussian
Hebrew, by far tho largest. That this
Increase Is unasslmllatlng there are
many evidences. Most unquestioned,
If not most conclusive, is this evidence
in tho report of this same bureau.
"From Hungary 1)4,243, or 73.8 per
cent, were males, and 33,438, or 20.2 per
cent, were females."
"In arrivals from Italy during the
last ten years there is tho largest dls-
parity of sexes, 24.'J,4.'!8, or 79.4 per
cent, being males, and 0.1,!180, or 20.0
per cent, females.
From Ireland and Germany, the once
principal and still staple sources of im
migration, tho percentage of females is
resective'y 4!) and 42.4 per cent.
Those huge percentages of male
ia a. I II ttttfoi ia t II U
! nl Mp MtilinUaH5i Lata 1 f
' ttiij,! at i.Hi Mhl tin fali g i.l
; Thr tnmijfaHiii hii h !-"
f It oinaitattnl U .1mI I. au H
j I tt t).iii.l lo ! Wi I llim llitthl
an, l a. ti't. ,l It li-.- Im the tite
lliiUtto ol mripplhg the lan.l i4 a mm It
of It wea'th a i an In- ean li .l aaat ,
aliit-h l'lisl the photilet Ing Siaitilt
.tn l.tmi-ri l.o it'.M-oXi'lvil the hi n.i
phero
Another et hlotiiv n( the in-!iiiilal
lug eliaiai l. r if Hit mot rapidly In
ctvaxiug liuutlgiatioit I tho faet that
It furulxhe tho Inrgi-xt proioi lion of
all.-im pn-t Hie prime of life. Thua I..V
n r eeiit. of the ItaliNii linniigratloit I
of this iIh, and ll.lt of the Auili Ull,
whleh ineliiden iho Hungarian. Tho
average xr ei-nt, of IhU I in migration
of all iHiuutrle I il.5.
It would lie a iMMitleiw taxk, although
the figure are at hand, to go Into an
analyst of the capacity for sclf-supimi-t
ovldeiieed by the ,p,24tt,til.'l alien arrivals
of the Inst decade. The many believers
In the nmlnlcnitiicc of an art ificial lalmr
market would doubtless consider It an
argument In favor of this Immigration
that only 510,41 1, or u Utile more than
10 K'r cent, of It was skilled lalmr.
Followlng is a table of alien
senger and immigrant arrivals:
pas-
urn
: - p
1 '
a o
. X
m
m
C $
Pi
Pi
t.
nr.
223
its
-95
i
mil
!3?
13!
Pi
-5
-2' -A
mm
j- l:j
H
m
1
i
V
c
it ... :
a . .
3 : : . :
f 4.
2 s
! B a k
0 23
i
- U T, .
Spain, France and tho Netherlands
are to be left out of our calculations.
The immigration from these countries
is small and is not increasing. Tho
1,300 agents of the Dutch lines do their
drumming for trade outside of the low
countries. There are not enough data
about Scandinavian immigration to
warrant an inquiry of any value. It is
a patent fact that this race is now the
ruling class In the great northwest,
and that ono of its sons is governor of
the imperial state of Minnesota. It is
tcopling that country and there is no
reason to believe that in Its new home
iUalil ... ia. tip In tliiro lU f
i a.. M MU n.ll. in- ! l ai hf XIU, I
ll Al.f.' au.l Hwrtn."'
1.9
(tl .. in.n) laigo ami Jt-e. i n1' j .
j UmHMe Immlgiati.m the i-,tinit,i.u.n '
! at li. it little ae hf xiiiuli ami j
ak-itrv ei oil Theri'fnin tuot l t i
have ti n i iliM-e.1 inuiiim nlng I iig)inl.
t!j ami I Linear), ThU U wi-ll The
liHHtt Ihli al tilng I'tlUof l.nmlgi alli.n
flu Irolw lliei n i vi ,
In l"! theio Ni-ro almnl 2'.,im con.
tleta (l.lon) In tho pi I on anil on
tlekeliiiit I. m- in t.n t 1 tit 1 1nn. In.i.l'.i
In pi -1011 and the luilmu-o mi h-avo,
lit lVi theiv were lo thntl half that
itiuitttt-r: that I h.,"h In piiwii ami
.-l,M7 alto wetv mil of pi lnn tinder ur.
Velllanei' Knilii to 1 there
a docreaw of 2,.Vio actually in pi lsini
(average) saving iN'.Ooo -r yeitr (at
l.Ti ior man). '1 1, who Imvo -r-fei-U-d
this syMteui, and who are Im
pin'timl goverumeiil olhcor, chthued
Ui have reduced the prison population
of Great Britain from nlmnt 2-'i,tHHI In
hso to les than 12,000 now; tlnil is,
those hi prison and those oil leave who
remain in Great Britain.
This Is tho luelhisl by whleh the
enormous reduction of the British
criminal class Is brought a'siul, accord-
Ing to Captain Cross, Ho puts the
number of discharged prisoners' aid
societies at from 80 to 100, though Mr.
Scbultols gives tho names of only slxty
nlne, and describes their workings
thus:
"When discharged tho government
pays to the society practically from L'l
to i, which Is the money the prisoner
is supposed to have earned during his
confinement, which sums are added to
by the society, with whleh the prisoner
on leave, If a felon, Is generally as
sisted to go to tho United States, If he
can be iiersuaded to go; and he Is gen
erally only too glad to go and leave be
hind him his troublesome reoyrd, whleh
faces him In every court on the com
mission of a new crime, from whleh he
Is freo In tho United Status, And he
Is at once rid of his obligations to re
mrt to an officer every month and rid
of Mil never sleeping eye of the officer,
"Ho Is sent by the society to some
officer at a sailing port to be sent to
the United States by the society. The
officer goes to the tlcketagent and buys
tho ticket, or he sends for It; and
neither tho agent nor tho officer nor
the owner of the Imat know tho ticket
Is for a convict under surveillance, who
really should Im in ono of the prisons
of Great Britain serving out his term.
"When he arrives In the United
States he usually changes his name and
reports to tho officer of the society only,
which officer or society sends him
money, if he needs it, in small amounts
generally through postal orders.
"Many long termers have been so re
leased and are now In the United States.
Twenty years is practically tho length
of any murderer's term In Great Bri
tain who has been sentenced to a life
Imprisonment. The balance of his life
sentence ho serves out, living as he
chooses in the United States, assisted
there by a fund made up partly by the
British government and partly by
these benevolent societies under the
itiac of Hie i hti. nt The
mint J t tM 1 1 , ai ti aavMl to tin B'f
'
hi M,cat HtHaintit UiUt-
t. m, lil, ..( n , ij the taxgi lit
en at mam m. n to the t'nit.-.l Mlale
at l.e -i . . tit in pi e ol alii-rage,
l 1 .si, ao. a III give 1 ai li 4 ttienta !
tie Urn In eiiiiiiiM m-e life again on thla
lil- iif tho Atlantic. t If limine tho
I'i'ti l iim.-tit iiftireat Britain dm tint
tin any of thi ilirectly, but due It all
1 1, mug It thono tuinvolitit wioletle.
whleh are really aeutl nlllclal.
tinier HiIh nyolein the Hill lull ln-IK It
ha Inauguratiil tho ciinIoui of dividing
teruiKof service with tiirin of imprison
ment and tei'itia nl nurvclllancc, tho
tacit iiinlerstundlng being 'that thu
term of surveillance Is to lie nnt In
the United states, Thus la tho Judicial
branch of the British sovernmenl made
a conspirator In this plot to silon the
ais'ial system of this conntrv.
It ladilllcult to Imagine the invention
of n more ilnmmthlc and atrocious sillcy
by one government for use toward
another. The principle underlying It
is precisely the same as that whleh
nunl.i thu impressment of American
sailors a cusiis f7i in I MI 2.
As for its results, conjoined with
reckless imimrtatiou of crime from
ot her countries, let Carroll I). Wright,
commissioner of lalmr, sfsmk:
"Out of our total population of
02,022,2.'i0, the foreign born num-
Imr n,2lil,r.47, or 11.8 per cent.
Taking this as a basis we find that
11.8 1 e i-cent,, of the population In
18(10 furnished 43.80 per cent, of
the homicides In the entire
United States as reported In tho
recent general census bulletin No.
182. published May , 1802."
ll is illustrative of tho super
ficial methods which limitations
of time laid upon tho commission
hat the whole north of Hungary,
from whence tho invasion came
which did morn to arouse tills
country to the evils of tho present
immigration system than anyone
cause, was done by ono man,
Major Semsey, tho secretary of
tho commission, In twelve days.
Even with this scrutching of tho
soli there was a rich harvest of
fact. He rejmrtod to the com
mission as follows:
"Most of tho Stovacs here who
. . 1 . . . !.. ft ...... j.
X are going 10 mo unitou niawii
,co bmwd fo",th mining dis-
M'low 01 ronnayivania, 1 ney re
main there for several years,
visit their native plaeo from time
to time, bringing considerable
amounts of money with them to
their families; remain at homo
for a few months, then return
again to America without their
families, I met Mr. Felix Don
schachnor, cashier of a bank In
Knifmrios, an Intelligent and edu.
catcd man who Is well Informed
about the general affairs of that
country, and who, on Inquiry
about the amount of money sent
from America to this place by
Slovaes to their families, replied
that most of the money sent home
by them passes through his
hands a i l am writs, approx I
rnatoly, to several hundred thousadn
dollars annually. According to his
opinion there are but few Slovae fami
lies who desire to settle permanently
In the United States, the majority re
turning to their country after four or
five years, with sums ranging from 1000
to 3l)0 florins each. Some buy land,
other pay their debts contracted by,
them boforo leaving America, and then
remain at home.
"Mr. Samuel H.alm, a gentleman and
owner of a large estate, as well as many
others with whom" I came in contact,
assured me that it was Impossible for
them to find laborers, especially during
tho harvest season, even at 'Ik to 3
florins per day, because the male popu
lation is all going to America "
The Slovaes aro tho jsKiple whom we
are neuustomod to call "Huns," They
earn from 40 to 05 cents a day In the
Carpathian mountain mines. The Huns
of Homestead got (1.40 per day as la
borer In the Carnegie mill. In the
coke region they earned In some In
stances as much as (2 per day. Small
wonder then that they, as old Manos
Husnyak of Glrold told Major Semsey,
mortgage their mssesslon for tho 200
florins, whoso mssesslon tho govern
ment requires of tho Immigrant, bribe
the police In lieu of passjmrt and so
start across tho border.
Major Semsey further roKrtod:
"Mr. Louis Horvath, .a resected
business man and an old .resident of
Bartva, told me to visit the villages of
Tulelk and Kaplvar, where I might
find some Interesting facts. IJfound In
tho village of Tulelk a Slavonic imputa
tion of 1,200. I met there Tonako
Gersak and Andreas Kozarlk, two resi
dents of that plaoe.from whom I learned
that nearly half of the tnalo imputation
of tho two villages are in America. I
visited many houses, accompanied by
Gersak andorarik, and convinced
(Continued on Fifth Page.)
i