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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (July 13, 1893)
THE ALLIANCE -INDEPENDENT.
JULY 13. 1893.
Discuwed is the
TELEGRAPHS AID TELEPHONES I
lr re Inexpensive. vVLr, tfcen. 1
the cojt! The government j-y freight
ts rtllroad, eteambottf nd tar route
And tnd letter acrott tba continent at
2 cent, and around tie world for 5 cent.
Ansa by an Eminent The last postmaster general' report
natee taut wuile, owing to the coat of
heary pickige and matter carried free,
there U a deficiency io the poetoiEce, yet
on the carriage of letter there it a net
revenue annually of 136,000,000. A'hy, j
then, U it chimerical to say that message
sent by wire, at the cost of a few che&p
chemical and no freight to be laid.
would not pay a profit at 5 cen'vper mea-
ae of ten word?
It may b-&oted that the telephone
patent expire next March. Now la the
lime for conrrer to adopt it for the
poetofflce, and establish a telephone at
every country postofflce. The advantage
Are Properly Parts of our Postal System
Congress Urged to Take Action.
Reasons, Facts and Figures.
satisfactorily done as at prn and
pottage would be a high as telegraphing
Whatever the demerits or merit cf the
cry raised In tome quarter lor govern
ment ownership of railroad, it Las no
connection with this matter. If railroads
were used solely for the purpose of tran
mitting of mill matter, the case would be
parallel, and government could take
clings of them under th power to estab
lish post roads. Bat railroad are used
mostly for conveyance of passengers and
freight, which It foreign to the purpose
of a poetofflce: and to the extent that
they can be nsed for mall pur pot ee, gov
ernment doe take charge of them, and
assert lta exclusive right. If' railroads
are ever taken over by the govern
ment, it must be on some other
ground than a post road, for in that
to the rural population would be manl- capacity they are in government em
ploy already. It is probable that pub
lic needs will require a atrlcter and
cloMer control and supervision of rail
road than heretofore; but as to the
telegraph and telephon3, from their
very nature, they should be exclusively
used by the national government for
the cheap, speedy, and reliable ex
change of communication between the
This will not prevent railroad from
having their own telegraph lines for
tbelrown business, nor forbid telephone
(By Honorable Walter Clark. Haorli-tutlo
ot loe supreme court 01 ixoni-varollQa, in
The Arena J
In framing thvtader&l constitution It fold. Physicians could be summoned
was wlapY provided that "Congress 1 promptly for the elck. Witnesaes and
houlv have power to establish poet ether cummoned to court could be noti
ce and post road." This has always fled what day or hour to attend, and be
been interpreted at not only conferring saved useless hours banging around the
the power, bat Imposing the duty of e- county court house. A message to the
tablishlng and maintaining an adequate nearest railway station would ascertain
and efficient postal service for the coun- whether expected freight bad come, and
try. sad to that end adopting the mean the farmer would be laved a needless
which experience and the progress of trip of hi wagon ouer bad roads. New
b nation should prove best adapted for of approaching frost culd be promptly
tlpoM. There Is nothing In this distributed through the country district,
dicas of the constitution which restrict tad many a valuable crop saved. These
congress to the employment of the meth- may teem homely purposes to dweller exchanges In cltie and town. As now
ods or the facilities which were la use at In cltie, but they will deprive country persons and corporation can send their
the time of the adoption of the consutu- me or some ot its araw ducks, ana oe a own messenger, so they can send tele-
tlon. boon to a portion of our population who ffrms and teleDhonlc mesaffes on their
When cheaper portage and a uniform claim that they bear their full share of own business bv their own wires. The
rate were demonstrated to be advantage the burden of government and receive prohibition will extend, as is now the
eons by the example of the English pest- lew than their bar of Its benefit. It case, only to the sending of mall or
offloe nnder Dir Bowiana mil, congress come, too, at a time wnen tney are am- mesages for others
promptly applied tne same in our own posea io assert ana maintain weir rigui
postal service. In like manner followed to be better considered In the dlstribu
the use of postage stamp, the lntroduc- tlon of the advantage of governmental
tlon of free delivery Into cities, the adop- favor. For this service It might well be
tlon of the money order ystem, ths lsu provided that for telephonic message
within the county or for a distance lew
than fifty miles, the charge would be only
2 cents. Atyatem similar to this now
prevails In Austria sod some other coun
aoce of poatal note, and many other lm
prorement In the handling and dlstribu
don of the mail. None of these were
dreamed of by the f ramers of the contl
tutlon. They were detail wisely left to tries. The postmaster could very easily
be .worked out by. the progress and Intel- keep hi accounts, either by the use of
llgenoe of succeeding generations, When I stamp, or by the use of nickel in the
our postoffice was first inauirurated, malls slot attachment to the instrument. If
were carried on horseback or, In a few the telephone is not now adopted by gov
Instances, by mail coaches. When steam ernment, aome gigantic corporation, tome
wsa introduced, the postoffice promptly vast syndicate, will be sure to utilize It;
availed Itself of the new agency, In and when hereafter government shall be
fact every appliance and every Improve- forced to take it up for the public service,
meat to facilitate the social and business congress will be waived off, as trespas
Intercourse of the public has been laid ting upon private and vested rights, as
hand on, and been made subservient to Is already the case with the telegraph.
that purpose save one. Why the depart- The use of the telephone would deprive
ment has been forced to itand still In the of validity the only argument of any
presence of the agency which is most weight which have ever been used
especially adapted for that purpose, and, against the adoptlonof the telegraph by
after having availed Itself of the potent the posfotllce. These arguments are :
energies of steam, baa refrained from the 1, That the telegraph would be used
use of the mora potent agency of elec- by 5,000,000 of people and the other 57,.
SvtMtiv I m waII 1irtM,M tl alt imam Th. I fJf , ,t. 1 It... natr It A.M.
.-a ,h- i.n. f u. nna r ' ., ,. LLv. .. effor'8 W powerful, that up to the pros
nt th. r.Ml Ir.nHn, anr! .1 . In Vn.UnA anrl alunhan nhan ntaA hv en Mme na throttled the popular
hand twentieth century; and it maybe the postoffice, and placed at a moderate . an dfled J1 p'rf?'1!e 'J
ii m ),. hi ,m. . u..- of the tlmeB The capital stock of that
. v w Li..-jJi.i'i tZ. company In 18o8 was $358,700. It de
lniueuv uu uui nuufiiou nucut, nuu wujr i vug auuuiunni jaci viibv uy mo nuupuou i . A t u At tA a K
oi me (eiepnone si country pusiuiiicei,
the rural masses would be users of the
new agency of intercommunication as
well at the business men of the cltie.
2. It is urged that the number of em
ploye of the government would be vastly
The public demand In this direction
for adoption of these, the cheapest and
speediest mean of Intercommunication
by the government, Is beyond question.
It can be ascertained by conversation
In any gathering where the subject Is
discussed. The farmers' alliance ha
adopted the measure a one of its "de
mands." The board of trade of New
York, Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Baltl
more, Cincinnati, San Francisco, Chi
cago, Detroit, Milwaukee, St. Paul and
numerous other cities have petitioned
for it. The yast majority of the press,
wherever they have taken sides, have
favored it. A measure so feasible, so
needbd, so much desired by the public
and demanded by the wants of the age,
ha a powerful opponent, though in
deed we may say but one; for the West-
era Union Company, after having
cruHhed out or bought off all its oppon
ent except the Postal Telegraph Com
pany (ae called), ha arrangements with
It by which rates are te be maintained.
It may be well, therefore, to examine
Into some of the reasons which impel
that gigantic corporation to put forth
It should do so.
It has not failed to adopt them because
It I unconstitutional to do so. That 1
too plain for argument. It would be
easy to fill pages with citations of legal
authorities showing lta constitutionality.
and 1860-elght vears-of 117,810,140,
and added only 11,837,950 for new lines,
making Its capital July 1, 1860, $20,
133,800, nine-tenths of which was water.
One year from that date it coolly
doubled Its capital by making It $40,
508,300. The largest dividend up to
1874 In any one year was 414 per cent.
For a period of seven years, Its divi
dends averaged 100 per cent a year on
its average capital. At one time It dis
tributed 110.000,060 of stock to its share
holders. Its capital stock now, by vir
tue of successive waterings, Is nearly
$100,000,000, and on that sum it pays
dividends that make It one of the best
paying Investments in the country
Every Investment of $1,000 in 1858, in
the Western Union Telegraph stock,
will have received up to last Septem
bar $50,000 in stock dividends and cash
dividends of $100,000, or an average of
300 per cent dividends per year. It has
realized $100,000,000 of net profits in
xtt knit th tAlnnrm A iha nnar.ffln- "WUV"' " "1 "Mi" vuijo
Z, .a a Z Vk .k - These figures are uncontroverted state
oivnvs iDBue w iua commutes vi me
last congress before whom that com-
trilled by one man, is the went and
XDoeiuuigerous of them alL It m no
longer safe or expedient to entrust in
to the hands of one overpowering mo
nopoly the telegraph business of thl
country. It Is a power, that not only
can be nsed, bat has been perverted
for purposes hostile to the best Inter
est of the people. The markets of the
country, its finances, and its commer
cial Interests to so large an extent de
pend upon the honest and honorable
administration of the company, that
the people are not in a mood to repose
a trust of this kind any longer, without
competition, in the hands of a stock
The proposition for the government
ownership of the telegraph and tele
phone will come up with renewed em
phasis before each congress. Like
Banquo's ghost. It is a question which
"will not down." It Is just and right
that the public demand should be
granted; and such demands, like free
dom's battle, once begun, "though
ba tiled oft,'' we know, "are ever won."
It is an anomaly which cannot last,
that we should strain every nerve and
increase expenditure to save one or two
hours In the rapid carriage or delivery
of malls, when by a single enactment
of congress all such messages as require
the hotly sought expedition could be
delivered almost Instantly by the use
of electricity, and at the rate, say, of
five cent per message.
Has not the public cause to desire
this measure as surely as the present
monopoly has reason for the earnest
and perilstent fight it has made for so
many years against it?
AMONG OUR EXCHANGES.
Indeed, It could be better said, that it 1 Increased. This argument, too, lose any
unconstitutional for the government not force, if it hai any, by the addition of the
to adopt them for the purpose of giving telephone. For all distance under 200
the people the best and cheapest and miles, the telephone can be employed,
speediest postal facilities which the most and the preeent postmaster can of course
improved methods known to aolence can use them. A few telegraph centers-
afford. The clause of the constitution 1 one or two for each state could be es
understood to be mandatory upon the na- tablished, to which all long-distance Ques
tional government to establish and main- sag s would be tent, to be there dis
tant a proper postal service, since, In the patched by tslegraph. At these centers
faoe of that provision, neither states nor there would be a staff, more or less large,
private companies am do so. Besides, of operators; but the civil-service rule
the first telegraph established was in fact would apply, at they already do, to the
part of our postoffloe; and its contlnu- same postoffices. The annual Increase
noe at such, at a time when the govern- in the number of postmasters and post
ment was in the band of strict construe- office employes, by reason of the in
ttonista, wa recommended by Hon. Cave creased service, is from 8.000 to 5.000.
Johnson, the then post master general. For the. reasons above given, it may be
This wise recommendation was not ac- doubted if the addition of the telegraph
ceded to, simply because congress, not
. . . m .
xoreaeeing tne value and importance or add more than the present
tae invention, deemed the price asked li crow ot oue year. Betides, this la
the Inventor too great, and in an evil hour crease will be at center, and will be al
permitted this agency to paw into private
thaoda. The publlo lutemts, the popular
-will, and the constitutional provision all
alike require it restoration to it original
function as a part of an enlightened and
ptogresdve postal service.
hot can it be said that it would be an
experiment. Every civilized country,
with the sole exception of our, hat
long tines mud ths telegraph a part of
Its postal servlo, and la all It ha worked
satisfactorily. Ths rates to Great llrltaln
and Ire I tod are, tike poeUge, uniform
foe? all distances and are 1 rent per werd.
la (Jemany the rate la about the same.
and te Aw trie leas. Ia Francs and Ul
gtuai the rate is under 10 cents (halt a
fraMi lor tea words between any two
poUU. No department the poetattlos
1b any country pays be Use taaa the) tl
graph, la nasi countries t telephone,
loo, has ba adJod.
Ills very osrtata that the telegraph
and ths tolspftgs, as put of our poeul
WW, would a4 only wonderfully lot
pro the mesa of tatemntr, but tt U
NWvsd thai very cheap uniform rale
frusaUy ft cat a neaafwuiUl pay
Uadescne rtvaaa to t lutemmeat,
la the presence of ths etotbUtM rM
a wakh we at accustomed, tats U1
asssb tuMtrtiuu tml redlto will tbuw
lUahtj n-4. Telegraph wire ru lew
taa t& a mil, poles our country are
sMrs4vt theft of trealaf them
Ufht, The fheatlotis far nee of ths
together of civil-service appointee and
3. The argument a to the expense of
delivering message would also bo de
stroyed by the use of telephone, since tn
country districts ths mesange would sim
ply go to ths postoffice; and in town and
their auburbs the universality of private
telephones, which will come Into general
ue on the expiration of the telephone
patent, would make It easy to deliver
mewagee; betides, government could and
would hare numerous telephone sub poet
offices In every place of the.
The Western Union and It champion
alar adroitly couple opposition to gov
ernmental ownership ot telegraphs with
lit ownership of railroad, , This 1 to
avail themselves of the strung opposi
tion, and las forceful reasons which can
be given, against ths latter measure.
Hut the two measures hv nothing
whatever la oommoa. Uomameal own
ership of telegraphs sad to W phone Is
attain the Constitutional provleton, sad
doe a4 cheers ths iVoKt of imv
eramental authority to new subject mat
ter, but I the si pis ed'tpUt of proper
fMiUtiee lor the (metal awrvke totumetf
lufats with the Mvifre v4 Invention.
No armei can t eJ tola tt
hWh wooU not he snueily valid aalat
the !mtattrstlMi of the rfefflcw Itself
l.y the guvant. Yet nay !)
bltt thai it the malt sere ha41f4 by
tae ms tnxaopuij, It noutd be as
pany was represented by Its president,
lta able array of counsel, and numerous
lobbyists, and when It was opposing a
measure In favor of a limited adoption
of the telegraph by the postoflloe.
After this showing, can there be at
tached any weight to the argument
of It newspaper and attorneys, or any
doubt of the need by the publlo of
governmental telegraph? If at the pres
ent high ratos. there has been so great
and enormous a profit, can theie be any
doubt that here, la Kogland. a vast
ly Increased bunlaes and a still larger
profit would fallow the taking over of
the telegraph by the poatoffloe, with
the concurrent ceUbUthment ot reason
The president ot the Western Union,
lr, Norvla tireen. ta?J that la W9
the average profit to te company was
i cents on each mag. Us claim
that the average profit a each mewage
now Is only Ti cents, and he shows that
the number ot mettagee In the last
twsaty year has leera4 nearly alas
fold-from MOO QOO ta l teM.UU .
000, in it thl be true as to ths
profit, yt It how that a large rd
tla ta governmental hand U ttill nosv
slUe, aad a vast taerea la the lumber
of meeeagse would We aa lm mediate
A has hvsa wU said, "tt all ths mo-
eopolle. the teUgraph ;tem thl
country. suhurUtlly owned and coa
Hereafter when the democratic oartv
adopts a national platform It should add
me proviso "ll successful In the next
election this platform to be null and
voia. " inaianapoll Journal.
It commences to look as If the con.
plrator bad gone a itep too far In Bus
pending coinage in India. A reaction
Is about to take place. The scheme of
the gold bugs are beceminir so &ddrp
ent now, that a wayfaring man though
a fool can read them as he runs Inde
Democracy is all torn up in this state
over the distribution of tba nfn
and about the only way out of the woods
for the 'Host sheep" is to commence at
once and follow in the paths of the good
shepherd populist Such paths lead to
the best store house of political clubs
on earth with which to kill the common
enr my. The latch string is out Brother
Calhoun and Casper. Better come in.
-uivrses u ispatch.
The cheerful Intelligence comes from
Incoln that the stockholders of the de
funct Capital National bank will refuse
to pay the assessment ordered bv tha
comptroller ot the currency, The peo
ple of Lincoln will hardly express their
admiration for a class of citizens who
refuss to live up to their moral and
egai obligations simply because the
state of Nebraska happens to be one of
tneir principal creditors. Bee.
There is no doubt that the same con
nection which has made the principle
of the Granger cases an integral part of
our law ana nas lorcea an parties to ad
m it tne ngnt of state and nation to
regulate corporate control of transpor
tation win una a way to restrict the
power of capitalistic combines of every
sort and character, and relieve our
civilization of the peril of a feudalism
based on wealth. Albion W. Tourgee.
John-ilngles, the iridescent ex-statesman
of Kansas, in a recently published
article says that the lnter-state com
merce and the anti-trust laws were
aimed at the great corporations but
"they missed the capitalist, the corpo
ration, the employer and the million
aire" and floored the laborer. Consider
ing the fact that John Sherman and
Shelby M. Cullon did the"aiming" the
result is not at all surprising. Chicago
Nebraska's new senator addressed an
enormous crowd at Lincoln Wednesday,
and captured the whole crowd. When
ever he goes the people turn out In
droves, and the pure populist doctrine
he preaches, In that calm, convincing
way of bis makes a convert ot almost
every man who hears him. Senator
Allen will live in history along with
Webster, Jefferson and other men who
loved their country .nonconformist
4 hrockviUe. Out.
National - -
A zt BWSINISSCOI
Y. M. 9. K. BLDO , Kassas ClTT, Mo.
Most Practical Business College In the j
wl. bboitbana. TTDewrltliiir. Book-
keeping nd IVlerrauhr. Shorthand I
Mull. Tbree lmson free. Send for i -
BUY DIRICT FROM FACTORY " BEST
It WHOLES ALB PRICKD. IWUvarad Vim.
Por Housm, Barns, Boo(8, all colors. A SAVE
Middlemen's Drontg. In una SI veara. Kn
darned by Grange A Farmers' Alliance. Low
rioes win mirprine you. Write for samples
I. W. INGEKSoLL. 253 Plymouth Hi . Hrnok.
lyn, N. Y. .
'THE HANDY" FORCE PUMP.
For spravlne trees, wanhlni window Han
two brans nozzles, sprayer, hras plunger, crow
handle and brass valves. Prir tt h wrka
Just as good and lasts as long as a pump for
eight dollars or ten dollar. Writ for circu
lars. Agents wanted. We can supply agents
With a variety Of Olllck-selllnif hniiMxhnlri o.rt.1.
Council Bluffs, Iowa.
Make Your Own Bitters!
On receipt of 30 cents, U. 8. stamps, I will
send to any address one package fcteketee't
Dry Bitters. One package makes one gallon
best tonlo known. Cures stomach and kidney
diseases. Now is the time to use bitters for
tbe blood and stomach. Send O. J. Steketee,
of Grand Rapids, Michigan, 30 cents, U. 8.
stamps, and we guarantee that he will send at
once. For sale by druggists.
FURNAS : COUNTY : HERO.
Holstein : Cattle!
A few Extra Good September Plm
and a No. 1 butter bred bull. yearlinV
registered for sale. Prices rig-ht.
H. S. Williamson,
Beaver City. - - Nia
HUD POTATO PUITER.
WORKS PERFECTLY IK
or SANDY SOIL
SOD or NEW GROUND.
Plant at any and uniform depth In
Make hole, drops and covers at one
PLANTS TWO ACRES K
The Potato Planter Co.,
Travsns City, Mich,
Fit like wax.
Wear like iron.
Send for samples and rule for self-meas
LIHCOLH PAHTS CO..
1223 O Street
SL JOSEPH BUGGY CO.
St. Joseph Bufirey Co. Carriages and
Buec-les at Lowest prices. Catalacue
and price list free. 6th andMessanle
St. St. Joe. Mo.
J. W. CASTOR ,"res.
J. P. ROUSE, VlJS-Pres.
. i, M0TT, 8TATE AQENT.
W. b. LTNGk, Bsey,
THE FARMERS LIUTOAL INSURANCE CO
INSURES ONLY FARM PROPERTY
ARMERS, we invite your attention to the Farmers' Mutual Insurance
Company of Nebraska, If you are in want of Insurance you can not
afford to Insure in any other company, and if you do not want insurance
now, write and get a copy of our By-laws and Constitution, and learn what wa
are doing anyway, '
Remembet we are for Farmers only.
Boom 407 Brae Ball ding.
ror sain bv m.
by mau. Aiidrns
iwi m rwv . :'
n vH u I I
U HrU-lnaa d
rm m m taf a. op mnt Kv mall nn m.
Ask for HILL'S tablrls, and Ukeoootbeis.
niLL'B CnLORIDE OF GOLD Tablets
will completely destroy tba desire for Tobacco
In any form in from 3 to t daya. Perfectly
barmlesa. cause no sickness, and may be
given In a cup of tea or coffee, without tbe
knowledgeof tbe patient,wbo wHl voluntarily
atop Hoiokuig or Chewlnif In a few day
Particulars freel THE OHIO CHEMICAL fO..
St, S3, aad S3 Oeens Block, LIMA.O.
This is a cheerful eleam of silver sun
thine from Arkanaas just now. A LUtle
Rock special to tbe Louisville Courier
Journal quotes Senator Jones and Berry
or Arkansas aa denant ana brave in
their opposition to unconditional repeal.
senator Jone declare that "tne pre
ent monsv ttrlaffency has been created
by Wall street for the purpose of do
moneiuinir silver." senator worry said:
' I voted tareo times for free ooinafe of
liver. I believe in It, and never cbanire
my notion. I think when tne Sherman
law 1 repealed something else should
be substituted that looks more toward
free silver than it doe.M Theae brav
word hould b commended to Senator
Mills and Coke of Texas It mtfht
braes their waverlsa sniaal column to
tana nns tor ins poo)I's oauso.
Kocky Mountain News.
Tae aejtj hi KK w ' eillk aw in
Wersae M lUiraaa V-'T kaee. U KWke-
tee ll.s I au4f a Vm Kt (att tu do okat
n i fm-mmmm44 h So Try WM SO in
I a awete, e4 I oil! aald of asai) w e
Us W Vaae U l iriu, iwl ft ktw 0.
TMtsS ltats t Cedo,
Ths t'atoa IVlrta Hallway loverlaml
route) wilt now sail ruad trip tickets
to leaver, Culorsdo atsrtni, Manltcg
aad fusblo, at ths low raie of mil
mWl rsturaksff until tV?U'Uf SUi
aimers allewsd bstwsea t'ksysaas
and ISteblo, full partltular tva at
J. T MTi, Hit tumasM.
City TWksl A f Usaersl Af sat
JOHN B. WRIGHT, Pres.
T. E. SANDERS, V. Pres.
T H E
J. H. M'CLAY, Cashier
Columbia National Bank
OP IaINOOIaN. NRBRA8KA. .
GAPITALv - - S2Bo.ooo.oo.
and all ether Diseases ef ths Baetum enrsd by Drs. Thornton Minor. Kansaa
Olt y, Mo., wtihaut knife, ll.aiure or cusl-oo mnner io be nal4 until natlsnt la raraa
kljo make a sj-clamy of bta of Women and tomJ of thj PSkla l Itowar li flV&j
ko -sot m pn of their fee in aJrsn, r,0 . n-u la the end y,Hi will I Bod Ttheut .?p.S!
live tturta a4 fur elwular slvlns names of hundr4s ko kare fcn cui5 by nV Vnd
how t avoid sharpen aaJ iiuacka. 0e luu w e.t Ninth atreet. iuZxtu U a Uker U Ua
When in Doubt
Osaaral fssssofs Av
City INMsaf s Afsot,
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