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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (June 15, 1893)
JUNE 15, 1803.
THE SWISS REPUBLIC.
How the Free Monntaiietri of the Little
Eepnblio Govern Taematlvea.
THE 'I5ITUTVE,,: AS IT 18
A LcMon fuf the Voter of America to
Study, end a Pattern for Tn.m
A Great Problem Bolted.
The Ultlatlva may b defined ai tbe
the rigbt el a Tofer, or body of voters, to
initiate proposals for legislation. The
tnnnrrwtratd into the federal
constitution of the Swiss confederation i
on the 7th day of July, 1801, makes this
Wh 50,000 voters demand the aUili
tlon or enactment of special article! of
the federal constltlon.
A federal law to regulata the practical
application of this principle was pawed
on the 27tM of January, 180?.
It If to be noticed that, although tbe
initiative 1 made to apply only to con
stitutional amendment, the line of dis
tinction between statute law and com
mon law Is so loosely drawn in Swlteer
land that the people will be able to In
itiate proposals for legislation upon
almost any subject.
The Initiative Is the necessary corol
Isry of the referendum, by means of
which laws framed by the representa
tives must be submitted to tbe people
for final acceptance or rejection, liotb
Institutions sre mediums for the expres
sion of the popular will, from different
points of view. The referendum Is a
passive force; It ays merely "aye" or
"nav," and Is essentially Judiciary In
character. Tbe Initiative, on the other
band, Is an active, creative force; It sup
plies th progressive element In tbe pro
cess of legislation, while tbe referendum
acts as a critical, controlling check upon
the adoption of laws. Taken together,
these two institutions form the most per
fect contrivsnce for the conduct of self
government. They create a sort of po
litical pendulum which carries certain ex
pressions of tbe public will directly from
the people to the legislature, and back
again to tbe people for their verdict.
In the United States bow can a ques
tion which has not yet entered the
domain of "practical polltlci," be brought
into tbe channels of legislation? Tbe
most obvious method Is by electing a rep
resentative pledged to lay before tbe
h"use a bill Incorporating the desired re
form. This would be exuemely difficult
under our present system of entire dis
franchisement of minorities in the matter
of representation. But if, perchance, tbe
representative be secured and the bill
Introduced, It may not even be noticed,
much less discussed.
Two other courses are open petition
and bribery. The second of these I dis
miss, as useless to those who ure stilviog
for a clean government. Petition is of
ten resorted to; but the signatures of the
sovereign people are rarely treated seri
ously by politicians, when attached
merely to requests, and unaccompanied
by a direct command.
The privilege of petition must not be
confounded with the right of the Initia
tive. Tbe latter Is a demand made upon
the government by a body of voters to
discuss a certain prolect aud return it to
the people for final approval or disap
proval. The authorities are obliged to
take into consideration, or to draw up a
bill of their own incorporating the same
At present seventeen Swiss caotons out
of twenty-five have incorporated the In
itiative In some form into their coDstltu
tlous; and at the federal government has
now followed, it cannot be long before
the entire confederation will be governed
upon tbe sain prlnc'ples.
The Swiss staunien have solved one
of the great political problems of the age
how to enable groat masses of people
to govern themselves directly. Ever
keeping In view the system of the popu
lar assembly, which Is Ideally perfect
and Is eternally grounded In the nature
of, man, they Inveuted the Initiative and
referendum, and grufted tbem upon the
representative system; thus rescuing the
essence, the vital prlmiple of the popu
lar assembly (or "town meeting") from
perishing miserably before the, exigencies
of modem lle. For In Its last analysis
the process of the Initiative and referen
dum W simply this: A given number of
voters projHise leglsiaJlon, through the
nisdmtn of the trovernment. to the hole
bodf of voter; the act twin Identical
with that ot the voter who rises la the
popular aetuUly to prptt a motion to
bis fellow voter.
IWal4 the elementary simplicity of
this netal of legislation, the sa ell
sew ol a bout of roniutoas PP , .ji,p
f shouuM'f WJs, the mitl'ary display
( in rM btia, or In orator ) t r toe
ibamWr of de u'is, wh tawdry a4
Witty niskehth. The very smtrtnt as
of oui buv of rtprtitlttt and 'h
touch vauatvJ (biT fal vaaUfelns) r
special ility f our iaate, seem, sB.pi
shame, uurti fr frvsn a. loa aaol .),
tunc W ls 4tlr. Vr it t ialy !t ta
f(iala SiVsats and with filtering pur
It iL'tt the wilt t mad kot a B
tts luBposini lot dCftlve b4!s.
LOOTERS TURNED lOOSE.
The Nebraska Supreme Court and
lta In holy PecUlon.
Monday evening at 4 o'clock the su
preme court banded down its decision In
the Impeachment cases, exonerating the
officials and declaring that they wei not
sufficient culpable to deserve punish
ment It should be sJd to tbe honor of
Judge Maxwell that he dissented from
the findings of bis confreres, and raised
bis voice for conviction and removal
from office, be finding tnat tbe officials
were guilty In every case as charged.
Tbe two assenting Justices "beat tbe
devil about tbe stump" In great shape in
their bustle or an excuse for clearing
the culprits. Among other things they
av that "where an act result from a
mere error of judgment or omission of
duty" tbe act Is not an offense within the
mesnlng of the constitution. Possibly
that Is true as regards "an error of judg
ment." but If an official Is not punishable
for an omUslon or failure to perform a
manifest duly, one that be la elected to j
perform, aometblng sboull be done to
remedy the evil. Under this ruling,
logically csrried out, an officer may per
form tbe functions of bis office or he may
leave It alone, just as be pleases, and tbe
people of tbe state must grin and bear It.
Carrying out this line of argument the
opinion says: "An officer is not liable
for a judicial act except where be act
willfully, maliciously, or corruptly,"
therefore they are not amenable to pun
ishment for wroogs done tbe people vt
the state through ignorance of their
duties, carelessness, or "omission pf
duty." Under this ruling tbe state would
have no recourse if an officer elected to
fill a certain .position proved Incompetent
to perform the duties entrusted to him,
or if not incompetent, would devote bis
time and energies to his private affairs
and let bis public duties take care oi
But the f filcers do not escape Pcott
free. The court Jumps onto them with
with both feet, and cries out wildly In lta
shame and indignation, when it somes to
dealing with that part relating to tbe
payment of a dollar a day for labor. Tbe
cpinlon shows that there waa a well-defined
suspicion in tbe minds of the court
that tbe state had been defrauded in this
pirticular, but tbe evidence did not show
that such was the esse. But taking it all
together, and arguing it up this side and
down the other, tbe court 'came to tbe
conclusion that there was no fraud, be
cause Mosher bad tbe contract for the
prison labor and wouldn't come down
even one cent on his price of a dollar a
day, and "the prison rules fort ade the
employment of free laborers within Its
walls." Borne people may be so Incon
siderate as to suggest that the prison
rules might have been so amended as to
allow free. laborers" to be employed
within the prison walls so that they
might compete with Mr. Mosber's dollar-a-day
convicts. In the act appropriate sr.
the money for tbe cell house we find this
language: "Building new cell bouse by
days' work, $40,000." That shows where
the legislature was ignorant of "the
prison rules that forbade the employ
ment of free laborer within tbe walls.'
Tbe legislature deserves tbe rebuke ad
ministered to it. What business bad it
to go blundering along makicg laws that
would seem to conflict with the prison
rules evolved by Mr. Mosher snd tue
warden of the penitentiary? It might
have resulted In flooding tbe pen with
' fre laboiers" at less than a dollar a day
and reduced the morals of the prison
from Mr. Mosher's standpoint.
We coni now to a consideration of the
charges under article It, tbe first of which
is tbe ctnversion to their own use by the
respondents of $500 of the cell house
fund. In this connection it ii necessary
to aaln examine the appropriation iu
question. It It doubtful if th history of
the s a'e presents another such an in
stance of reckless legislation as the ap
propriation of 840.000 vtlthoit direction
even as to the quality and dimension of
the building provided for, or as to the
manner In which the money should bo
drawn or disbursed.
The above quotation Is the crowning
glory of the opinion. The legislature
didn't tell the board of public lands and
buildings that they mustn't appropriate
the i40,iu0 to the use of the board, there
fore It wss not a uib$tmeauor for them
io appropriate suu of it. Th's will be
quite Interesting to the farmers of the
sute and will relieve them of grrat
trouble and anxiety. They will be re
joiced to learn that If they leave a horse
In the pasture over nluht and fall to tell
the mldnUht marauder that he mustn't
touch it, tie. have no kirk coming If the
bors is gone In the morning.
A great code of morals that ti. cUlon
would make If It was properly amplified.
Taken aa a whole tt.e Ue Islon Is an
unique affair and would t a pretty thing
aim4 the fantll brU'-a brae If the
strong ol t. of lime which clings t ll
could tt pullfd out, Weekly VaW-oUt.
Ileus tinea Iu tbe Pen,
The first case against tbe LI on to
ayluta hoodlert has rrulu4 in a r
diet of guilt. U wham IUtu, of the
firm i f IWtts k Weaver, on Monday
tiening as Mod guilty a charged,
tun jury taking only one taUi', The
charge sgalast tWtta was getting or
I'a'O CO from IH stat un0r fl pr
tart a for coal that was a v rile! I v red
Tbe othtrca .gainst th rtiuaio
Ug et!utu IvaHllers al'.l duublUn be
i'd ut In a short time and lv is
thought thy IU g) with Kelts.
Lt ail fc twple isy '"Awn, 1
AMONG OUR EXCHANGES.
If the great financiers who claim to
know so much about tbe money ques
tion can't run the finances f the gov
ernment without wrecking it they bad
better have the thing put into the
bands of a receiver. Our Own Opinion.
Tbe baoks arc breaking evenrwhrre,
Tbe people, griwl and fuu atd fret;
But one thing drives away despair.
We bavs tbe writ! yet.
T. B. Tisbles.
A Norfolk pension agent named
Brewery has been arrested on a charge
of wholesale pension swindling. It is
claimed that 166 cases of fraudulent
pensions sre charged to him, amount
ing to tlOO.OOO; and of course be sot
the money instead of tbe old soldiers.
A year ago eecretary Noble heard of
the case, and stopped three pensions:
but did he stop Drewery? The ques
tion now Is, what whs Noble doing all
tbla time. Coming CrUis.
It is impossible to even conceive of
the rapidly increasing strength f the
people's party. From every point of
the com pas there cornea to this office
papers teeming with articles upon eco
nomic questions and which point ti
this great commonwealth for its high
est tribunal and the party responsible
for the action of tbe impeached offi
cials, has dropped to the lowest ebb.
Waboo New Era.
He Forgives tbe Nebraska Press for
Tbe magnanimity of C. W. Mosher n
truely wonderful and Is only equalled by
bis purity of purpose and bis desire to
bring poor fallen humanity up to his own
standard of morality! In an Interview in
Chicago a few days ago with a corres
pondent of the Omaha Bee be
endeavored to pose as a much
abused and greatly harrassed man.
Among other impudent things be said:
"1 have been sadly misrepresented by the
Nebraska press; still I do not blame
tbem." If Mr. Mosher has been misrep
resented by the press of this state it has
been on the side of misplaced leniency
The Nebraska press bas been entirely
too eacy with blm, and not a paper in the
state has painted him as black as be
really Is. There has been so much sick -n-Ing
fawning by certain people over this
arch bank wrecker that It would not be
at all surprising If he not only asserted
but really believed that bis capability
was summed up in tbe way he loves to
express it, "an error of Judgment." If Mr,
Mosher is the victim of an "error of judg
ment" ordinary bumsnlty will be apt to
wonderif the error dldn'tconslst in failure
to steal tbe build ng Into which be lured
his pigeons for plucking. Then with a
ieprecstory wave of the band and tbe
smile of an Innocent led to the slaughter
be rounds up bis remark In the following
guileless manner : "Or, as my enemies
would put it. my crime." Some people
will be pleased to learn from Mr. Mosher
that it is not a crime to steal $800,000 or
thereabouts from bis "enemies," or, as tbe
unholy would term them, depositors In
his bank and will undoubtedly cease to
think harshly of him ss they sit down to
a breakfast of corn pone and bacon,
thanks to his 'error of Judgment." Mr.
Mosber's is a saintly and forgiving dispo
sition, but the people of Llncolu sincerely
hope there are no other fiannclert in the
stute allllcted in the same way. Weekly
The only SUKE liantr CURE for Pin
Worms in Homes SUV known, is Steke
tee's Hok Cholera Cure. Never fulls to do what
It lit recommended to do. Try It. Bend 60c in
U. S. poNtHge, and I will fund by mail; or cut
UiIh out, UUe It to druKtrlst, and pay him 60c.
O. Q. 8TSKITBI. Grand Napio. Mich.
Use Northwestern line to Chicago.
Low rates. Fast trains. Office 1133
Woild's Fair Rates.
This lino now qoutes rates as follow:
Lincoln to Chicago. ....$13.15
" " and return.... 2J.tC
" " St Louis 1010
Bates low as the lowest, and time
fast as the fastest by this route.
For full particulars and sleeping car
accommodations apply at city office,
W. M. Shjfman,
A. S. FlKLMNd,
City Tkt Agt
lerit Corner S and Kighth street.
E. T. MCX'RR, Tkt. Agent.
l'e Northwestern line to Cblcasra
Low rates. r'at trains. Office 11 II
Iluslnest men, merchant, bankers
and salesmen are leaving their orders
at Llooo.n 1'aot Co., I.VJJ O trvv
The toostant demand of the traveling
public to the far west for a comfortable
and at the same time aa economical
mode of travsUng, has ltd t the ut
lUbmeatol what is known as I'uliiuan
Thr cars are built on the sane gen
eral plan aa the regular frit-vlaa VM
man ritevprt the only dlfiYrvave bviif
that thry are not upholstered.
Ttu-y are furaUhcd complete with
good ootuftwuMe hatrmattiVMtt, warm
liiankeu, suo unit Itnoa vurtalus,
plenty el Wwels, tvint. hrutl.es, sW.,
whlrh stHSure v lh tveufaot o'a Wftfc
m much privacy at Is w te had la rtrt
eie slwpvr. There are a! 'ri
toilet nvrua lor l4u-a and fei!oru,
ami snoklbf I aUolutolv prohibited
IW full Infoimatloa sftid r Io nian
(V.on!t He- UaJSet.
J. T. MatTt. V T. A.U0MO. $1,
K U. HUwmi, (ia. Al
has often wasted time and material in
trying; to obtain a ahade of color, and
has even resorted to the use of ready
mixed paints, the ingredients of which
he knew nothing:, because of tbe diffi
culty in nuking a shade of color with
white lead. This waste can be avoided
by the use of National Lead Company's
Pure White Lead
These tints are a combination of per
fectly pure colors, put np in small cans,
and prepared so that one pound will
tint 25 pounds of Strictly Pure White
Lead to the shade shown oa tbe can.
By this means yon will have the best
paint in the world, because made of
the best materials
and pore colors. Insist oa having one
of the brands of white lead that are
standard, manufactured by the "Old
Dutch" process, and known to be
"Southern" "Red Seal"
Thess brands of Strictly Pare Whits Lead
and National Lead Co.'s Purs WbiU Lead
Tinting- Colors are for sale by tha most re
liabla dealers in paints evcrywhers.
If you are going to paint, it will psv you
to aand to us for a book containing; Informs
tlon that may aavs you many a dollar; it will
only cost you a postal card.
NATIONAL LEAD CO.,
1 BroadVsf, Vtw York.
St. Louis Branch, f
Clark Avtnus and Tenth Strcst.
Pearl Steel Mill
Will run 20 pars without all.
Will send tbem on 30 Says' test trial.
and If not satisfactory to tbe pur
cbnaer it can bo returned to us
and ws psy freight both ways.
We (rive tbe itrungtu warranty of any
company in tbe bualness, there
by protecting you and your cus
tomer against loss in case of an
Write for full particulars and
aaravia uiun sail i m
Nebraska Savings Ban If
13 and O St., Lincoln
U1VES ABSOLUTE SECURITY
Write Us and We will Prove it
Plvr per cent Interext on karingi account
Special rates on Urns deposits.
Write us or call for neat vast pocket memo
rsndum b wk.
i. O. Boutbwick, B. K. Tntorsr
AGENTS WANTI-Maleand female
old and young, 115.00 to $25.00 per
day easily made, sellinf our Queen
Plating: Outfits, aud doing Gold, Bilver,
Copper and Brass Platting-, that is
warranted to wear for years, on every
class of Metal, Tableware and Jewelory
&c. Light an'! easily handled, no ex
perience required to operate them.
Can He carried by band with ease from
hou'e to house, same as a grip Back or
satchel. Agents are maklcg money
rapidly. They m to a most, every
business house and family, work shop
Cheap,dur&ble,Htmple and within reach
of every one' Plates almost instantly,
equal to the finest new work. Send for
Queen Clljf Silver & Nickel P atfng Co.
East St. Louis, 111.
All Kinds of Galvanized Iron Amices
Wire work, poultry netting, yard arid
garden fencW, window tr!Hrd!, office
raillsf?, etc. Send for cHtalocu.
J. W. D. HALL, St J-sph, Mo.
Farmer Igents la Nebraska
The incut cO tl U line "
wol id tl Pn"' ai'd
gciinl and K .it J imt .
low snd machine 0 ''
Ascn't all " lfTr
hcn pnmt'vnl ri 'nl W 1
hI sr knna to le ' flfm -T ,
. . ... . . n 1 .a.. ir ,m
niihlw s-1 kiwi Ky
now kJ 'f t a"-'
iv. M 1 !.. it.: !" r
hrs ll "S . . I I ' 'I '
tlw 1 K-ln B .! t .
M, Chartrs, III, I
. L 1 mi 1 in mi 11 n j
V N'nrtfertrn Win to 'bltfuo .
t '-afs at Ulr Cffl v 114
Ystw K-a. fc-iasv, srfl.ara nuvasK
Kattor and rk't U tt ll on coitHuUsiua,
J. W, i1ahu.it.
rt'JL.JjSB. fY. 1
n 1 t . iw4 ' r- I ,11' i
Ml. 'Iwm ' b .' f".J4 fJ
v.i in. . ( trvx vLr,V
ttal Affect. I
CHEAP FARM LANDS
100,000 Acres Just Put Upon tbe Market !
Small Cash Payments
5 to 20 Years Time.
For map of Nebraska and further
particulars, call on or address,
STAPLET0N LAND COMPANY,
144 DEE HI ILDIMJ, OMAHA, SEIl.
FABfssfiRS AfiD THRESHERMB
All ibn T.atiNit fninmvA
I It t- .
Hirnu. t uluuru i.i ut
bum To, litura Uui -l..u
in use Yw
or off Siicti
.T :m'jbiw incinks.
ll will cfli t vim s I w M t tf rant to nhtain
full it.f .intaiiit sUntl lli Ul Tr cllou RiihIihi
n rr nr on rsttb A.t.irvsa, A M. Mv
Wl M.I V H..s irrt. Lli'..liv. Kvfa,
CURED : FREE.
V i fMta.tH awJkt ut rH
ONI HIRO Of ICH HOC
ata,i8u la ik t iit4 Miaxs SKaKI
! llnH. i Su Mt aumlf i. k(, A Ifial
BlViaU vl ,k 'tS hSS SJ fl'ft !
si ' lh t 1 A.l.'r. MK
vt m .1 VI 1. x:ukist tvivr-A.w.si ...
We Stll Cimt li lit CKBBfr
! AT WMOUAl t ICS
It.. f.n .tw. H-. iM UMk talata
tt-ijr 1 (...in t l( ,i.r i.i.4
Rwsasll faint Co.,
N w r l )!a KiK at , t in.
ST JOSEPH BUGGY CO.
M. JM ih SI tf.r C- Crrifc ar.J
Huv' at Iww. ii rUv, tViaitvn.
ar.J 1 rUM't ilhaftl M um
I . . I saka.HB' ae mJ faa iws lai . .
Ms ?t JU,
uraaai manuractiirars in tna U
Sheet Iron Bulldlno- rutcrlal
Sldtnitm. t eltlnits. BooSnm, fchotterm. Imftutoa
Ua tkU purer. '
St, Louis. Cincinnati
STOMACH, UVER AND BOWELS
AND PURIFY THE BLOOD.
BIPAJt. TABl'LI ut Uf a
," far lUftmUmm, BIIImmml
Ha4ak, Cml lUm, UjmptfHm. Ckrlu
Uvcr TrMkle IHsslacM, Ba4 Cm It I tea.
VjrMatcrj, VfrMlvt Smut, aa4 all uZ
araars r tha (Mk, Ur w4 Bawala,
RJnaiM Tk-lA. . . . ... . .
,.vv- ;"'T" OT, nuuuna- in jorum, io
the wo delicto roiutituUoa. An iUml to
trim. ir. CHEMICAL. CO.,
IS SPftCtZ STREET. HEK IORK CTTT.
EACLE BRAND THE BEST
cnequsled for Hout. burn. Karinrv ttt n.,i
IIIERICIII ROOFIhQ CO
uildilif At d cor.r half thr tfr r' ihinlr tin
ir-i.. ji 1. rrnor riw u. sim laniy aiIl(I tJ
VOnf Send Uinn for .ami leg. and slab. iIm f
lot. tX0lIOK fAJ.NT KOOFINCC'O.
1 50 Ouane at , ew York, M. Y.
It ltt lino Tnfor Ina WtntAnmnttt 1
Lincoln to Points Belair.
KKS FRKMOST SIOUXCrTT
EKItE HA.TTXRft I)ES MONTR.
17HON blPKlilOK MAHHHLT'WW
iinaiyb , v 11 BU(i.K
NK ON AlXt. ULilX crjNXO
E A II
AKOTA ULt AlllXtLtO AIJKOK.i
AKU'lTK TIT...,., KLIN
SCAN ABA DIXON
ast Trains to Chicago and St. Paul
Clous Connsctiohs fob All Points.
. S. Fm.!ix, W. It. Hhiphaw.
I'llVI.'!,, .... tl ..n'1 An.
file. 1133 O St--Depot Cor. 8 and Vth at.
l Ih: 11 - (j
I2trt and Farnam 8ts.
SMcaEO, Boci Islani & Pacific Bjt
Ttis Street Routs to snd from CHICAGO, KOCfif l
ISLAND, DAVESI-OBX, BLS MOINES, COCNCIt
EUTFS. OMAHA, UNCOLN, WATERTOWKJ
SlOtX FALLS. MINNEAPOLIS, 8T. PAl?IH ST
JOSEPH. ATtniSO, LEAVENWORTH, KAN8A'
CITV. TOrtKA, DENVER, COLORADO 81'RIJia
sad fVEBLO. Ftm Rscllnlng Chair Can to
from CBK'ACO, t'AI.PWELL, nrTcntNoif a
1KUKIB CITV, and raises SlMpInf Cars tat
CUICAOO, tICJUTA u4 BCTCUIKSON.
SOLID VCSTI3ULE EXPRESS TRAIXt
of rhnwfh Cearhsa, 0ttpTS, Tr RflMnc Oislf j
( kn4 ltlolnt ( dillr Wmn CIIICAi.o. 1K '
M INK. t'OCllCII. ta.m, OMAHA .l LIN
(1'I.N. sn4 Wmq IHltAOO a4 l.fcNVki.
(( nAUo srKis..s si.4 irrui iast. jci.a?
ai Ktmi iu ai.a luMka. khuimom fl.lty, Ha
t ... ir ol Kadi, ut a4 fruai Salt Ij, I'oiUkikI,
AhrilandSaa Iinurwra Ik lmct Liu MtaA
n.. lik.'s ImI. Viaii.a, (iw.la of tUm (.ails, laa
(biikiua:a,aa4 St turn Ui aa4tiu l i.lm4
VlaTho Albert Lea Route.
Ml kiptM Ttsim asily hriwttn (Tlr.ro s
l,i.6i-t' t l t !l, s.ih luhtuiiii hnihi
tll 1 1 fkt fc t U ftua Im fujkl. tout kf
iM.w .fun i.t. awi i i.us via !.. Ium'
lit Sa.irt in- t .iMi. kiuu. I .!!,
- 't. . tl mliHI wok W. (ilvuJt a
;iai. t,Via Tu aliwa
I. 8T. JOHN, JOHN et9A8TlAHt'
Mil inm fciHii
Ami Itti Iaa iAla Baasava aVSsa 1
tblaklM llidlku-a. snaktkvl I'tSk-aji Sav-utSjr SMssA SaaakSlai a.M.aa.a.
sTsaisa.saak Haia siuti askslssash.! Maaa IstU aa ua A .S-
kf lHtl 0 ItMthWl, s ta, tt I
WCSIfl OA! AND QAfOLINC tNQlf
1 Wll 1114. it . T
r ait . "
I ; , ...
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