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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (April 27, 1893)
APRIL 27, 1893.
THE ALLIANCE -INDEPENDENT.
THE COST OF ELECTRIC LIGHTING,
Some Very Interesting Facts and Figures Showing the
vantages of Municipal Ownership.
The very Instructive table given be
low with the comments following it
appeared in last week's Lincoln Herald
Some further comment and comparison
will bring out additional 6trong points
in favor of municipal ownership.
First let us draw a comparison be
tween Illinois cities:
Elgin b as 80 arc-lights, all night, at
a cost of W3 per light, under city
ownership. Streator has 60 lights, all
night, at a cost of t98 00 per light un
der corporation ownership more than
double the cost.
Now let us see how it works in Hoo
sierdom: Madiwn. led., has 85 lights,
"moon all night," (which means an aver
age of 6 hours per night) under city
ownership at a cost of $58.50 per light.
Logansport, Ind., has 85 lights, same
time, under private ownership, at$10i).
00 per light.
Here is how it works In ' Old Kaln
tuck:" Bowling Green has 60 lights,
under city ownership for $50. Owens
borough has 30 lights under private
ownership, same time, costing $110-00
Bangor, Make, has 140 lights, all
night, under city ownership at a cost of
$15 cpcIi. Bath, Maine, has 31 lights,
only half the number of hours, costing
$125 per light, under private ownership.
In Michigan the figures are even more
striking: Ypsilanti owns and operates
her light plant, and keeps 801ighta going
till 1 o'clock in the morning at a cost
of $23 CO per light. Lansing with pri
vate ownership has 100 lights going
same length of time at a cost of $100.00
In Missouri no comparison is possible
The old moss-backs down there are too
far behind the times to bave made the
experiment of city ownership. But
notice that in Kansas City for 128 lights
a soulless corporation collects $200 per
light. At the same time Tope t a, Kan
sas, owns her plant, and keeps 1S4 lights
going at a cost of $07 per light, and
still it is evident from comparison
with other cities that Topeka doesn'
Further comparisons are not neces
The compiler of the table below is
certainly more than fair in his com
parisons. He is willing to allow 12 per
cent per year on the cost of clty-o waed
plants for interest and repairs. This is
a very liberal allowance.
A study of the table reveals the fact
that there are great differences in cost
between different cities which own and
operate their plants. Of course these
differences may arise to some extent
from difference in costof coal etc. But It
Is evident that they are due in a greater
measure to differences in economy of
construction and management. That
the corruption which prevails in so
many cities has made the cost of plants
and their operation much more expen
sive than they should be will hardly be
disputed A general adoption of the
plan of city ownership would largely
do away with this. Kxpcrience will
teach methods of greater economy, and
cities will lcam from one another.
Again, as the lights become cheaper
under city ownership their number will
be increased wl'hout a corresponding
increase In the cost of the plant. Hence
the cost per light will be reduced.
Considering all these circumstances
the table shows up the advantage of
city ownership in a very striking man
ner, Thera is little doubt that private
cor orat Ions can furnish light as cheap
If not cheaper than municipalities.
This only emphasizes the magnitude of
the robbery that Is now practiced by
CONSIDERABLE OV A PIIWJU'NCE.
Below is given a comparative table of the cost of electric light as
operated by municipal ownership and private service. The compilation
is made by Robert J. Finley in the Review of Jtcview for February:
Number of arc
Cltlei operating plants.
Topeka, Kan ,
Bowling Green, Ky
I.ewUton, Me ,
Bay City, Mich
Ht. Joseph, Mich,..
Moon, all night
Moon, all night
Moon, ail night
Mood, all night
Moou, to 1 a m
Moon, all night
Dark to midnl't
All dark nights
Total cost plant
Cost per aro
Itf 03 (est.)
40 00 (CHt.)
Staunton, Va 60-1200 o'dl po'erlO hours
Average of the 23 cities, cost per light, per year 858 04
Average of Interest and depreciation ou outfit, at 12 per cent per light 83 00
Arkansas City, Kan.
Fort tteott, Kan
Total eutlre average cost per light $86 84,
Number of arc Contract price
per are light
Cities supplied by private companies.
Grand Kapids, Mich.
Kansas City, Mo
Ho I la ire, Ohio.
South Hethlehem, Ta
Houston, Texas ..
Moon, all night
Moon, all night
Moon, all night
Moon, all night
To 12 midnight
Moon fell, to 1 a
Moon sch. to 1 a
To 1 a m
Moon, nil night
Moon, all night
Moon, all night
Moon, nil night
Moon, all night
All dark ulg-lits
To 12 midnight
Moon lo 12 p in
1( 9 50
NOTES AND NOTIONS.
The cost of the capital at Washing
ton has exceeded SS30, 000,000.
Railway traveling in Hungary
said to be cheaper than in any other
Until last winter it is said that no
wolves have been seen in Mavachu
setts for half a century.
The use of ornamental terra cotta
as a building material has increased
greatly in New York city during the
past ten years.
Consul Roosevelt of Brussels, sayli
that cargoes of horse beef from New
York city are being shipped to that
country for the poor people.
The militia of the United States ag
gregates 112,4 men. Every state and
territory in the union has an organ
ized militia except the territory of
Samuel Harmon of Fox Hill, Fa.,
claims that he has eaten in the last
twenty years 3,050 pies. His regular
consumption has been half a pie dally,
He declares that he has never expert
enced the slightest attack of dyspepsia.
The greater part of the remains of
St Valentine, who was a priest of
Rome, and who was martyred in tho
third century, are preserved in the
church of St. l'raxedo, Rome, where
gate (now the Porta del I'opola) was
formerly numcd from him Porta Valen
There are now in New Zealand ser
enty-eight butter and cheese factories.
ine iarmors receive aoout six cents a
gallon for their milk Tho butter is
forwarded to England. Tho freight
charges for tho entire distance of
is.uou nines are aooul tnree cents a
Cold weather is costly. Th-5 Are loss
for January, 1893 roso to $17,000,000.
No fire loss like this has been recorded
since 188$, also a cold winter, when
the loss was 81(5,000,000. In 18S9 and
1890, both warm winters, the January
fire loss was not half that la the cold
Januarys of 1888 and 1892.
Bushels of flsh, carp, pickerel, rock
bass, suckers and many other varie
ties, ranging in size from four to thirty
inches, clogged the huge turbine wheel
that furnishes tho power for running
the machinery of the Mayor Bros.
pottery at Beaver Falls, Pa. It took
an hour to get tho fish out
Note. All night, 10 hours. Moon, all night, 6 hours. Till 12 o'clock, 54 hours.
Average cost, per light per rort frolu private companies HOG 01
'Pa-ila nmrtAtltftl r f nftw fttld til!,
. .... aaa a a n, . a. ... . . wu I
vate light plants of equal arc light
capacity, and subject to the same
territorial conditions, Is the fairest
that can be made, excepting that
between the same light under the
two systems. Fortunately even
this test can be applied. Until March,
1889, lClgln, 111, paid local com-
fanles tUUtlGO per aro light per ysar
or service with which it now
supplies Itself for less thau one
quarter of that sum. Municipal
electrie lighting cots I.ewlstou,
Maine, only one-third and Galves
ton, Texas, one-half the contract
prices those cities formerly gave to
private companies. Bangor, Maine,
savts 100 per light by the change;
and so on. If the reports of mayors
of the various cities having had such
experience aro to be believed, the
changa has In avery Instance
brought mora strident service, with
one or two exceptions due to special
and temporary causes.
Many of the cities owning olectrlo
rlants receive considerable prollt
ront light supplied t private and
commercial tiouaa. union, Va.,
In addition la Unfiling Us street,
derives revenue from this source
almost equal to the com ef opratlng
lis plant. Hannibal, Ma , draws an
Income ef $. year from ranted
lamp, and I'harltou, Iowa, It Is said,
arns l!M a year In the same way,
One of thecMaf reaou why rltlva
can furnish themaalvaa with Ufht
mare cheaply than private com.
pant Is that muy of the in mile I pal
Itfhtlii plants aro operated In eou
DeetUm with ii.ttttlrpUl water works.
One liuildtng uft turtle f"' t'"Oi
lntw Hovers! cities have found ll
bteeaaitry to add only two Hire
employe la the weur works force,
lilts. I., lha uiiinletial iUul Is not
Praia for Hftu otuw tha profit e tutor.
of the private company is the only
difference between the systems.
Kven If private companies could do
lighting as cheaply as municipalities
It is doubtful If they would. Electric
lighting Is one of the services the
rates of which are practically not
subject to competition. Tho facts
and statistics presented in this
paper do not Introduce any new
principle for municipal action.
They only emphasize what has been
demonstrated an hundred times by
experiment that pursuits which
from their very nature are netural
monopolies cannot be to econom
ically administered by private cor
porations as by the people.
The ahova figures show that
private company electric lights cost
the public f-.WL); while 2.351 public
ownership light coat the public
I'-tttaQoO (Including (1,7.3.0 for depre.
elation of plant and Interest to
bondholders for purchase money), a
saving of M,b7U. The debt being
paid, as In 11 in ll would be, tha v
lrf would havt Wan at leasl 'l.OO,
or mora thatiotia-thtrd,
Hacramento u IH are Ilglit,
pay I UK lha Kleetrlo Light ami I'owtr
Co. IIT'J per light per year.
Lincoln ha 1 To iwttva o'clock and
sixteen all n I M aro lamp, for
which Is paid lo the IJitculi (ia
roiupauy anuually, .'.VR or an
avra of nearly tlli3pr lamp.
In addition la IhU U rliy situ
t h same mmpaiiy, avary month,
quits laiga 44 till, aiuounlluii lo
Ihaco during the mouth of Ul No-
Ihe family of a citizen of Denver
has kicked so over their family name
or Mule that he has asked the courts
to change It to "Miles."
The Atlanta Constitution Isresponsl
ble for this "true story;" "There is
said to be a two-headed woman In
Louisiana, who sings in a church
choir, and has two distinct voices
tenor and soprano."
The Hartford Post says that an ama
teur artist of that town chalked a
banana skin on the sidewalk the other
day that looked so natural that every
body gave it a wide berth, and one old
gentleman actually fell down, think
ing it his duty to do so.
There died lately in the Entrllsh
Bedlam an inmate, who- has been
known for over half a century as only
Ma, irora his monomania he was
lucid in everything else and wrote
books that attracted intelligent atten
tionthat he would some day wed
Queen Victoria, whose horse he stopped
while she was riding in Hyde park
aud respectfully proposed to her. She
had been then queen only a year. 'He
was arrested and committed as an in
sane person and remained in Bedlam
until his recent death there.
As Artemus Ward's health was i.eli
cate, and his father and only brother
had died young, he was urged by his
friends to give up certain indulgences
and save himself. This caused hjm to
relate the following anecdote to Mr.
Knight: "I once knew an old fellow
in the West, living mainly by himself,
who said he had always been making
sacrifices as to appetite, giving up one
thing after another for the sake of
health. At length, when he was
about eighty years old, he had simpli
fied his diet until he was just living on
whisk and pork. But one day he said
to me : 'I guess I've got to give up
the pork 'fraid it's hurtin' me, "
THE HUM OF INDUSTRY.
Dovetail pavimr bricks aro being
made in England.
There is a little town named Mark
neukirehen, in Saxony, where noarly
every inhabitant is engaged In tho
manufacture of violins.
The federal and cantonal authorities
of SttiUerlttlid will bhot'lly bog la
preparations for the art and industrial
exhibition to bo htdd in the autumn of
189(1 at Geneva.
Several French railway lines are go
ing to light their carriages with the
electrie light, '"at it has been found
perfectly practical to make aud store
electricity by mean of a mechanical
attachmeut to the engine. "
Woo. I for tenuit racket requires at
leait live year' twawnilng; that U to
say. It rM(ulre tu W kept for rive
year In the routrh llmtwr Ut bfur
being cut up for uw, Wood for piano
i kept, a a rule, fr forty year bw
ft.rw it U cnidired kultkieitlly in con
dition to U uted.
It U q iito (kMtihie t. make augur
from ewrn.t; and, lndd, carrot Jw?
tHinUini iiitir than ninety por cent of
aav It r 1 11 a watte t, A iwrrtt a
ritw a.lrtd, foreign sugar niauu
IV'lurtim v(r txt-uH Very fr
p'oi!. know In! Htt' miSk ioiU,ln
U nt B per cent iif
riiiflU miner at JiirJvka, lUnk,
were lmrl"ii'd In a ml 11 by lu bela
u'Meuly rt.U'd with wlr a month
or m t v It tM'k tett daf a to pump
tha waiar tfut, aud ail H f thnr
fi wa a 1. i. km.'. I. but when
v4vhd they wr tdl living al-th-nigh
terribly nhinnUj, It4ilu
abut thin during tha satire Una
of taalr lu.prlauuitt.tiik.
ITEMS AND IDEAS.
The Buddhists have thirty-two hells.
An old orange peddler in Amster
dam has diet! and left his heirs $30,000.
Ira Ward of New Haven. VL. who
is ninety-seven year old, vudted the
barber for the first time one day
A nervy correspondent of the Boston
Pilot tried to work "Tho Burial of Sir
John Moore" off on that journal as an
A Philadelphia minister is in con
stant demand for wedding purposes by
sentimental and superstitious couples,
because his name is Bliss.
Alex KeuneJy of Blount county,
Tennessee, resides in the house in
which he was born nrncty-two years
ago. He is the father of twenty-six
children, all of whom grew up to ma
turity, and eighteen of whom are now
Andrew Brand, of McCurdysville
West Virginia, aged S5, walked into
the river at Mnrgantiwn a no was
drowned in sight of twenty people,
who muld not get oars for a boat In
time to save him. He called for help
after getting 111 and tried to reach
shore. Brand had Wen in the insane
Two Americans who were dining at
tables In front of a cafe in Paris near
the Seine noticed high up on the front
wall of 11 building a red mark and un
derneath it this inscription: "Inun
dation of 1875. High water mark."
"Come! Come!'' said one of the Ameri
cans to the restaurant keeper; "you
dont expect us to believe that the
river ever rose as high as that!" "Oh,
no," said the proprietor blandly, "it
only came up to here." lie made a
sort of scratch with his thumb nail
near the ground, "But you seo when
the mark was down there the children
rubbed It out so continually that we
had to put it up there out of reach."
Pat cattle wanted at the Alliance
market, 327 So. 11th St, Lincoln JNeb.
Farms for Sale.
1G0 acres 4 miles north of Alliance
Box Butte county Neb. 70 acres In
cultivation, 80 acres fenced, sod houso
and barn, two wells. Will give posses
sion at once. Price $8 00 per acre.
1(0 acres 6 miles north of Alliance.
40 acres In cultivation, all tillable.
Price $7.00 per acre. There can be
other land bought adjoining these If
desired. For further particulars ad
dress, F. I). Kline,
You will ret fresh and pure seeds at
Grie wold's, 140 Sonth Eleventh street
OBTAIN CHICAGO PB1CES FOR ALL Y0UB
The way to do this is to ship your Butter. Poultry, fggs, Veal. Hay, Grain,
Wool, HldeSalBeans, Eroom Corn, Creen and Dried Fruits, Vegetables,
aay tkltf you have to u. The fait that you may kavo been telling these articles at aotw
for years It no reason that yon ihou d continue to do to If you can find a better market. Wo
nakeapreialty of recctvicfthliBifntt direct from FARMERS AND PRODUCERS,
and prtbably have tho largest trade In this wsy of aay houta In this market. Whllit yoa
ara looklsg around for tha cheapeat market In which to buy your goods, and thut econetala
tng ia that way, It will certainly pay vou to give tome attention to tha beat and most proflV
able way of disposing of your produce. Wa Invito correiper dance from INDIVIDUALS,
ALLIANCESaCLUBS, and all organization! who desire to thlp their praduca dlreet to
this market. If requested, wo will tend you free of abarge oar dally market report, ship
ping directions snd tuck lnfoimatlon at will bo of lervlce to you. If yon contemplate ship
ping. Wban to requetted proceed! fortblpmeatt will ba deposited to tha credit of the ship
per with any wboletale house in Chicago. Let at hear fix m you, 7-8t
Summers Morrison & Co.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 174 South Water Street Chicago.
Reference: Metropolitan National Bank, Chicago.
W. CASTOR, "re
P. ROCSJf. Vi-a-lt-es.
E,E.H0TT,8T ATE AGENT.
W. h. LINOC, 8er.
O REENAM YRU,.Trea.
THE FARMERS MUTUAL INSURANCE CO
INSURES ONIaY FARM PROPERTY
ARMERS, we Invito your attention to the Farmers' Mutual Insurance
Company of Nebraska, If you are in want of Insurance you can not
afford to insure in any other company, and if you do not want insurance
now, write and get a copy of our By-laws and Constitution and leara what we
are doing anyway,
Remember we are for Farmtrt only,
Kooin 401 Brare building.
Illl,i.'( .IHM. tlM'iOr . ,!. luoiete
Mill isiniUit'iy lfiiu ll.u limn lur I oimwo
III any turai In liutu lul il;.y. I'criretly
liHrnilraa, till i no no nickm-m, wid limy Iw
iltvpti 111 a nip of or u"lkH, without ilia
knowlHl'i-if Ht,, HiiHiil.wl'0 will viliiiilnrlir
U1 Huiuklug or ctii-winif In a Uuya
, , , ttn " m
rur .aiiif, ir nil nrniririiai nriiiiiiffi, nr win ny mun nn rw.
cil of 41.00. Auk lur llll.lM TulilriD, nl Uikeuootliern,
I'nrtlculnni rroel TI1H OHIO ( IIOIK'AI. til..
by mail. Adilrwui f 5 1 . 5.1 . ,nd 5,1 Oner lilack. 1.1 II A. n.
A CAR LOAD OF
Tho Best In the World just received by ,
G. M. Loomis. 905 O Street.
11 and See them. Also Tanks, Pumps, ripe, etc. Tin Roofloff, and anything
in the hardware line.
Telephone 371. C. M. LOOMIS.
Round trips to to tne Pacific Coast,
Short trips to the Mountain Resorts
The Great Salt Lake.
Yellowstone National Park the most
wonderful spot on this continent.
Putret Sound, the Mediterranean of
the Pacific coast.
And all reached via the Union Pacific
System. For detailed information call
on or address, '
B. T. Mastih, C. T. A., 1044 O St.,
J.B. SLOSSON, Gen. Agt..
The other day, in speaking of the im
proved facilities for luxurious travel in
this country says:
We are abandoning the old system
of lighting the cars with kerosene
lamps, and more than half the coaches
have already been equipped with the
most Improved and the safest system of
lighting known in this country or
Europe, wltn tne new jr'intecn lamps
there can be no possibility of danger
frcm explosion or otherwise, as the
apparatus is all out side and under the
car, and in the event of mishap, the
fixtures become detached and tne gas
escapes into the air."
1 be brilliant i'lnucn ngni, tne nnest
car Uluminant in existence, now In use
on the Union Pacific System fulfills all
the requisite conditions so nappiiy
noted by Air. Depew.
World's Fair Hates
will foon be officially announced. In
connection with thlsiutjectthefollow-
ng Information briefly stated will in
terest readers of this paper.
Assuming that you wilHake advant-
ge of the inducements offered World's
air visitors acu otners irtm Lincoln
and vicinity by the unturpassed North
Western line, letns ten you wnai tnis
great system of It. R. has done for you:
It has expended the vast sum of $?,
0CO.COO.C0 for your welfare, i. e. In ad
opting and istabiiabing ou its liuot la
blcaeoand vicinity t tie most porieciiy
devised block tifrnal system for running
trains with the utmost safety to passen
gers. In Increasing its terminal facilltiei
of all kinds that you may bo expedi
tiously and comfortably disembarked
frcm its trains upon your arrival; and
ill urDuhjou HDexcmmia.it train
rv lee atd equipment from Lincoln to
Note particularly the auvantace 01
our trains leaving Lincoln at p. m.,
and arlvlng in ChlcaL'o at M next
morning, fartu s in i.mcoio or oui or
Lincoln, would do wull to call at or
addreat this ottlco for any denlrvd Infor
mat ton In regard to this popular route,
raU-, and connection.
A. s. nri.i'isu.
WM. SIIIPMAM, CUT Ticket Agl
licneral Agt , IIMOKt.
V)t corner H and Kt.-hlh ttreeta.
Will buy a-
M. I!. HINkl ia,
Ta iMalMP fmli. tmtiiivaut ai4
vrrvv,t. titf Mii'i-i of lit tu.A l u.1.1
t'Kl'Ct.. lfcl.lim'tt)(W U alll
) B..IM1.4 i it ui iiik )i'nr 1.
UiifUI '4U'1I ! Ilt II..HII ulliil
h'm kiy iflii.imniit ii and IS aurwri. tn-
riut. ta ili mu (Miaalwtt.
WICC ' riaor nt mow
i 11 ir t 100 04 11 1
wa tat Moatt
f 14 ---, .W4 --4 aw,
W. , a4 4.-v , M . m
11. imp 4.&&4
. Hltl M i ml
h I ... !.' l laMalft
tvM "I - . in.,i
mm m. ttn. r, i (Mta, h
a t-t a..
atsi Hk aav- at
i I k w e i
In the New Spring Shades of . .
Cafe au Lait,
ORDER : SAMPLES.
38 inch Subline Silk AVarp, all colore, .... JjJ j
33 inch All Wool Whip Cord in Change- OR
able Colors 0U
40 inch All Wool Suitings Spring Styles . . jjQ
46 inch All Wool Satin Finish German Hen- 00
riotta in all colors 00
40 inch English Serge, Changeable colors. . gQ
Samples cheerfully sent to out-of-town customers,
, 1NDEPENHENT HKADQUABTJSBa
CORNER THIRTFENTH AND M STREETS, LINCOLN, NEB.
Caidlol buildlcir. Lincoln's newatt. neatest hod Vt
Klsuty new rKms luat coiepieieg, mcnuum iarf nwiBiuN
liO rooms la all, U A. L HOOVklU A IWJ.V, lrop'r
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