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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (March 23, 1893)
MARCH 23, 1893.
TUB ALLIANCE - INDEPENDENT.
Beconsta in Burning Words Deaocracy'
Treachery to the People. The
Record as it I.
THEIR PE01OSES TUEHED TO ASHES
What the Democrats Promised to Do,
They Have Not Done. What
They Promised Not to Do,
They Have Done.
The Fifty-Second Congress.
It went into power amid the plaudits
of a hopeful and expectant people.
The campaign out of which its mem
berg drew their majorities was one of
distinct issues and of positive pledges,
Revolting against the McKinley bill
of the republicans, outraged by the ex
penditures of the "b lhon dollar con
grass," alarmed at the contraction ten
dencies being developed by Wall street,
the masses of the people swept the re
publicans from power, and elected an
overwhelming democratic 'majority to
undo republican work, and to mark
anew the boundary lines between wise
expenditures and criminal extrava
When we met here at Washington ic
December, 1891, our lips were laden
with promises and our constituents
were full of hope. Promises there
may still be, but hope there Is none
Our people know that they have been
misled, misruled and defrauded.
T well remember the first great de
bate in December, 1891. For two whole
days we deliberated on the celebrated
Holman resolution, which renewed our
economical pledges to the country. By
the literal words of that resolution, we
pledged ourselves to expend no money
except such as was necessary to run the
departments of government and to con
tinue such public works as were already
authorized by law. ' .
We adopted that pledge by a yea and
nay vote. The democrats voted for it
almost to a man. The country hailed
this renewed pledge, voluntarily taken
as a further proof that we meant hou
estly to keep faith with the people,
.. TITL-i 1 II in
11 uuu una iuiwcu:
We have passed the most lavish river
and harbor bill ever enacted since the
government was established.
We have given away to a private
corporation at Chicago nearly four
millions of the public funds in direct
violation of law.
We have donated $300,000 for a mere
naval display in connection with the
Chicago fair without warrant of law,
We pave $90,000 to the doorkeepers.
pages, clerks, etc., around the capitol
building as extra compensation, ii
rect violation of law.
We authorized new war shlDS to the
extent of nearly seven millions of dob
lars when no necessity for them exists,
We increased the huge total for pub
lic buildings till even tbe republicans
said the government would be bank'
NO TARIFF LEGISLATION.
We came here pledged to repeal the
at . r 17 : 1 l : 1 1 ' jij a. v
mo iviciviuiey uiu, 11 r uiu uui iuuuii
terly refused to report a bill to do so.
On the other hand, we passed the
free wool, free cotton tie, and free bind
ing twine bills before the election last
fall, and there never has been the
slightest effort by the democrats in the
senate to even consider them.
We came here pledged to repeal the
Shermen silver law because it was too
unfriendly to the free coinage of tbe
We promised to enact a law for the
free ana unlimited coinage of silver,
Not only did we fail to keep the
pledge, but on the other hand, it was
only by nine votes that the populists
could succeed in preventing the demo
crats from absolutely striking down the
silver money or the people.
We came here understanding that
democracy meant opposition to national
We saw a democratio committee en
deavor to pass a measure adding enor
mously to the power, profits and privi
leges of these banks, and only fail in
their design because ten populists re
membered tbeir principles and remem
bered their pledges at home.
A BILLION DOLLAR CONGRESS.
We came, here howling against the
republican billion dollar congress.
We go away having spent fifty mil
lions more than the republicans spent.
We came here knowing that the
treasury was under a strain, and
pledged to relieve it.
Wo take our departure with the
pleasant certainty that if Uncle Sam
should die there won't be found in the
treasury enough money to bury him
with aldermanic honors unless thev
sell bonds to get it.
Our record is perfect.
The things we promised to do we
have not done.
The things we promised not to do we
THE CAR COUPLER BILL.
Even the car coupler bill, which was
promised in the democratic platform,
came within a hair's breadth of failure,
and only the determined aggressive
ness of the populists carried it through.
Coming up as it did under a suspension
of tbe rules, a two-thirds majority was
requisite. It passed the dead-line by
only five votes. The democrats led the
opposition and tried their best to kill a
bill which previous to the November
election they had passed without a dis
senting voice. .
THE ANTI-OPTION LAW.
We pledged ourselves to pass the
anti-option bill to put an end to gam
bling m crop futures. We passed the
bill previous to the November election.
At this session, being safe from popu-
lar resentment, we neatly killed it in
the very houe where it was born.
Oh, we are dandies ! IUke the uni
verse with a comb and you will not
find our matches.
For all time to come, judge us by this
test and you wiil never miss the mark:
Find out what we promised to do
and you'll know exactly what we did
not do. Thomas E. Watson.
THE STEVENS BILL
To Author of the Senate Railroad
BUI of 1801 has Something to say
Sutherland, Neb., Mar. 13. 1893.
Dear Sir: I tee through the World-
Herald of February 26th, that Metcalf
speaking of railroad regulation sajs:
"That (a spirit of bitter rivalry)" was
the experience of two years ago, when
a strong effort was made for the Stevens
senate bill in antagonism to the New
berry bill. The. Stevens bill was the
product of a railroad attorney in Lin
coln, and it stood in the way of the
the Newberry bill until it beeame, evi
dent to everybody that the railroads
waited the Stevens bill." '
This and similar stories have gone the
reunds of the publ:o press of Nebraska
and done campaign duty during the
past two years; but I am soraewhat'sur
prised that Metcalf of the World-Heratf
should so uaWushingly rehash the old
charge as a legislative correspondent
at the present session. The facts are
that C. H. Randall, railread committee
elerk of the senate and ays"lf got up
the Stevens seiate bill. No railroad
attorney ever saw the bill or had any
thing to do with it.
That the railroads wanted the bill is
in a sense both true and false -true in
that they preferred its rates to those of
the Newberry bill, and false in that it
was much m re radical in every pel
licular thn than the Newberry b 11,
except that of rates. The rates of the
Stevens bill approximate very closely
rates as now set forth in the modified
Newberry bill, and this being true
would it not have beee better for the
people had the legislature passed the
Stevens bill instead of the Newberry
bill of 1891? I believed then that tbe
Stevens bill was more just and mors
likely to receive the governor's signa
ture than the Newberry bill; I believed
then that it would meet the approval
of the people of western Nebraka.
Today I know I wis not mis akt n; and
if this legislature is enabled to past a
bill similar in rntes to the Stevens bill
of two years ago, it will only havac
complished that which could have b-en
placed upon the statue books of Ne
braska two years ago, had the spirit of
bitter antagonism in tbe house, urged
en by the World-Herald, been elimin
a ted and the peop'e's interests more
carefully considered. No man but a
dastardly, sneaking coward will hint
at sell-outs and dark-lantern proceed
ings unless he has good proofs at bis
command. And if so he should pro
duce them. It was a part of the stock
in trade of the repifbli. an liars who
were standing up for Nebraska so val
iantly in various parts of tbe state dur
ing the last campaign that the iteven
bill was gotten up by the railroads, and
sold out oy the introducer. Every inde
pendent member of the senate of two
years ago knows,or ought to know.such
cowardly statements to absolutely
false. J. K , Stevens.
Eow they HindYr Nebraska's Develop
ment as wli as Bob Producers
ST A If D UP FOR HUB KABUL
Lists of Manufacturing Industries Wbicb
Have Grown up in Ppite of High
Facte Worth Considering.
The principle faots and fiures con
cerning Nebraska's industries which
form the baals for thi dUcusaion are
reprinted from our last issue They
are as follows:
The following Is a partUl list of tbe
manufacturing industries ioeated in
the city of Oinaha aa reported in the
Board of Trade' report for 1891.
Class. No of Urm
Barbed wire 1
Carriages, wagons.. 8
i mice 3
Distil len 1
p .wder tic ...4
Founder aad ma-
chln shops ...."..
I.in d oil I
Shut sad Lead pips. 1
overalls . . 3
Soda wattr 3
Syrup rtsnsra I
Smetilaf works 1
Vlaeaarai S ; irkles..
Canailag ana pre-
Brooms . ...3
'lour aud t-ora mills 3
Bug factory I
Chairs and furnitures
Class. No of Firm
sash, doors, blinds.. t
While Irad I
Awnings, tenia, etc.. 3
Box Itn-torles 3
o 'perage ... 3
hence works t
Booi and shoe fact.)
orn cribs 1
Collars sad cuffs 1
llnware... ......... .3
lard rrflaers l
Pearl buttous 1
Feed cotter.. .......I
Plat lug works . 1
A national cnau bulletin lately issu
ed (fives th following facts coucerrslajr
Omaha's manufacturing industries as
they wre in 1890:
Number of different industries..... 77.
" manf'ing '8tahli8hmnt-.
" ' ha ds employed 7.6H3
ToUl wags paid M.797,482.
" capital invested el5.626.169.
" ciwt of materia' ued..27.77 394.
" value of products...".,. $38,961,53.
, . , LINO LN INDUSTRIES.
The following is a carefully prepared
list of the manufacturing Interests of
Nebraska's capital city:
Sweaters Dens in Chicago.
Chicago people have been horrified
by the last week's expose of the sweat
shop work done in that city. A com
mittee of the Illinois assembly has been
making an investigation of these shop-,
under the guidance of Mrs. Florence
Kelley and President Bisno of the
cloakmakers' union. The committee
was accom panied by reporters for the
daily papers, and the papers have pub
lished very fullaod fair accounts of tbe
committee's findings. To thousands of
our good citizens these reports have
been a reyelation' of unsuspected mis
ery, danger and crime. Misery to
which 35,000 of our fellow-beings are
subjected, 25,000 of them women and
children not alone for the britf hour
while this lime-light of publicity U
turned upon them, but alwavs, dav In
and day out, and seven days of the
week, the year around. Danger fir it
Is shown that the clothing which these
poor victims make up is hkelv to tnter
the home of the innoc-nt purchaser
laden with disease and dt ath. Crime
for re-ponsibllity for the condition
under which theme victims live and la
bor must rest' somewhere.
And yet of the horrors of our sweat
ers' dens, the half has not been told
it could not even be guessed at by this
committee in its necessarily limited
and superficial investigation. Tne
Farms for Sale.
160 acres 4 miles north of Alliance
Box Butte county Neb. 70 acres in
cultivation, 80 acres fenced, sod house
and barn, two wells. Will give posses
sion a,t once. Price $8 00 per acre.
160 acres 6 miles north of Alliance.
40 acres in cultivation, all tillable.
Price $7.00 per acre There can be
other land bought adjoining these if
desired, xor further particular ad
dress, F. D. Kline,
Class. No. of Firms
Artificial stone 1
Boilers engines etc 5
Hrass and mm workst
Boiler and steam
Carriage tops and
I'ooperage. . 2
Cornice, etc 3
Curtains and dra
Trackers and ca kes t
Electric supplies.. ..1
Drugs, aud benil
Flavoring extracts ,2
flour and mill stuffs 3
'ui s. mufti, etc 1
Hor-e collars. ...a
Class. No. of Firms
Harness and saddle
Marble, graiilt. etc. . 8
M unties and cabinets li
Pattern and models. 1
Pines ... I
Planing mills 2
Radian rs 1
Koad graders 1
tove polish J
Tents and awnings.. 2
Tabl condiments.... 1
Trunks aud vallxes. . 1
Umbrellas and para
Vinegar ... , 1
W aw ohm 3
Buggies and car.gs.,4
W ludmllls.... S
r.ineed oil Earthenware.
sodHI meats. t.tntffr ale.
Mould boards Komluy.
Sa led meat.' Lard
Prered vegetables Fruit butter
Vinegar. I rockery.
Mr. Dawes in bis argument before
the board of transportatb n in 1891
showed that, on all these articles in-
clodt-d in classes 4 and 5, Nebrarka cor
pora Ions pr ctfee a rank dlscrimina
tion. They charge higher rates on these
cWs!n pioportion to. the rates on
other classes. '
Comparing tbe through rates on 4th
and 5th clacs freight from anuroJerof
points in Nebraska to Chicago, with
raUeon first claw freight from, the
same points to Chicago, Mr. Dawes
8'iowbd that tbe rates on 4h class aver
tge a little let-s than 48 per cent of tbe
rate on 1st class: also that the rate on
5th class avergae 40 per cent of the
rates on 1st clas.
Then making a similar comparison of
local rates in Nebraka, Mr Dawes
f-howed that rati s on 4th class hverage
65 percent of rtes on 1-t class, and
rates on 5th clatts average 57 percent of
raw s on 1st lass freight Thm it will
be seen that Nebraska corpora ions
have raised the rates on 4tn class
freight from 48 to 65 per cent and on
5tb lass from 40 to 67 per cent as com
pared 1th rates on 1st class freight.
The only apparent object of this out
rageous discrimination is to prevent
the deveiopm nt of local manufactur
ing mdustii s. Tbe 'oads prefer to
bring in goods by long hauls rather
tian to dlsti ihute home-made goods by
short La Is.
Passing from this special discrimina
tion against Nebraska industries, let
us notice how the high local tates on
NebrHsk made good operate to pre
vent Nebraska fac ories from supp ) Ing
th lr own home markets, particularly
the m .rkets of Lincoln and Omaha.
The fo lowing table shows' tbe rates
on tbe d fferent classes of freight from
interior Nebraska towns to Omaha
with the length of haul, the rate in
each c s b ing thu same as the rate on
similar go ds irora St Louis to Omaha,
a J aui of 455 miles.
1st class fre gtat, 55e frera Lowell. Neb.
Under such conditions bow can
bra ka industries located in interior
towns c mpete with St. Louis in sup
plying the Omaha market?
Here is an ther table showing rates
from interior points to Lincoln with
length of haul, the rate in each case be'
ing exactly tbe same as the rates on
simtlar freight from Chicago to Lin
roln, a haul of 542 miles:
m from a point in Neb. 270
Bound trips to to tne Pacific Coast.
Short trips to the Mountain Resorts
The Great Salt Lake.
Yellowstone National Park the most
wonderful spot on this continent.
ruget bound, the Mediterranean of
the Pacific coast.
And all reached via the Union Pacific
System For detailed information call
on or address,
J. T. Mastin, C. T. A., 1044 O St.,
E. B. SLOSSON, Gen. Agt..
White beam, heney, sorgham molasses
butter and eggs te sell ra commission.
The national census bulletin for 1890
give the following fats c norniui?
Lincoln's mar.ufactmring ndustries:
Number of different industries 38
' estab isbnv-nts . .117
Hands employed 1.519
Waes paid .S36.675
Capi al invested $1,914 8H9
Cost of material used $1 278. KK3.
Value of product .... . ; . . . . . . $3 018,837
The manufacturing industries of tbe
state are by no means coutiued to these
large cties. They are scattered al
over the state. A'most every county
seat has a number of enterpris ng es
tabl'sbments. Complete statistics cm
cerning fiese are not ncces-iiblo.
It is of course impossible to give
more than an estima e of the capital
Invested, ma erials used, and products
of factories outride of Omaba and Lin
It would c rtainiy be fair to assume
that they are at least three times as
great as those given in the census bul
letin for Lincoln. This is certainly a
low estimate. ( Uhder this suppsi
tion the figures of tbe whole state
Capital invested $23, '85.725
Materials us; d $3i.894.488
Value of products $51,036,871
Let us suppose tha' only one-thiid
of the materials used came to the fac
tories by rail, and that only "one-half
of the products are shipped out by rail.
We have $36,483,000 of products and
materials on which somebody pays the
Now nearly all the materials used
and a large sl are of tne produc 8
turned out are bulky, Mid cost ly to ship,
so that the fr Igu' rates are aeons der
able element in the cost to the . con
sumer, A reduction of freights rates
equal to one hundredth part of these
materials and 'products would be a
saving Hf shout $365 000 A reduction
equal to 3 per cent of the oo-t would be
a savng of over one million dollars to
to tbe people of Nebraska.
Tbe followlnz list comprise but a few
of many hundreds of articles coming
under the fourth snd fifth classes of
freight most of which could be manu
factured In Ne inaska if It were not for
the extortion and dlscrimlna ion pract
iced by the corporations.
Straw paper. "
Art Beta 1 stone,
W rappiag paper.
Notice in botti the
ttbles the special
dis rimination against 4th and 5th class
height, those classes, (a already
shown) t at include articles niost easily
and profitably mitnuf, cured in Nebras
ka It costs as much to ship 4th class
freight lOSmi'es in Nebraska as it does
to ship it 4.")5 miles from St. Louis to
Omaha. It costs as muci to ship 5th
cl ss freight J)0 m les in Nebraska as it
do s from Chicago to Lincoln 642 mile.
This shows ver.. briefly but very em
phatica ly how the railroad "btand up
for Nebraska " When we consider tbe
bigh ra es that Nebraska manufactur
ers must pay on raw material, on their
machinery, on their coal, and then ad
the high rat" that consumers must pay
on home-made poods, it is no wonder
Nebraska industries develop slowly.
It is in Net almost impossible to devel
op them, made so by the ou'rageoua
extortion of railroads. Ail efforts to
encourage home industries in Nebraska
are Idle so long as this extortion con
tinues. On the other hand, if the leg
Mature would pass a law establishing
just and reasonable freight rates, manu
acturing tndus'ries would build up in
this state with wonderful rapidity.
w CAMD, re
J. P. HOC. lje rree.
a. Ll,i., Sr
A. UUJLMAM I JUL. '
THE FARMERS HDTDAL INSORAKCE CO.
.INSURE ONLY FARM PROPERTY
T ARMERS, we invite your attention to the Farmers' llutoei Injurs
I 9 " Companj of Nebraska, If you are in want of Imseraaoe yea cs .
JL afford to insure in any other company, and if yow do aot want Laaaraoo
now, write and get a copy of our By-laws and Constitutes and learn waet wt
are doing anyway,
Remember we are for Farmers only. .
" ei Brere BetldlBc.
OBTAIN CHICAGO PRICES FOR ALL Y0TJB
tlYJ60mm'l'tl 'h, r Buttr Po",try. 'SO, VmI, Hay, Omln,
wool. Hide. Beans, Proom Cern, Creen and Dried Fruits, VecetaMe.
aajtsinf rou have to us. The f act that jrou stay have been Miliar Usee arueles at hems
for t ears Is ee ressos that ren should eontinae to de so If roe ose l4 a batter ifSrt. W
maksaseeelalt) of reoeivlnfihlnnents direct from FARMERS AND PRODWOZRS
and f rebablj have the larfest trade la this way of aar ksuM la this ssarkst. WhO yes
are iooklaf areund tor the cheapest market In whleh to sur your feeds, aad tkei eoonesUs
Ing te that way, It will oertalnly pay vou to five soma atteoUos te the kset aea most area
aoie way ef diiMSlar ef'your sreduoe. Ww Invite oorresper dsees fre INDIVIDUALS.
ALLIANC ES, CLUBS, aad all erraaisaUoas who desire te skis tsesr sre4aes eirest It
this market If requested, we will send yon free ef charge ear eaikr market report, sat
ping direotlons and such InformaUoa as will be of ssrvtoe to you. If yen esaesmelete sei
sing. When so requested proceeds forshtpmeits will be des 1m4 te the erseM ef the ship
per with aay wholesale haute In Chicago, Let as hear from yen, IT It
Summers Morrison & Co.,
C0UUISSI0N MERCHANTS, 174 South Water Stmt. Ckltt;&.
Ksfersncet Mstropolltan National Bank. Chicago.
A NORTH BEND NURSERIES.
f LARCI SUFFLY OF
V I rf as, rianis, wrnameniai i res, onruoi KTargramn.
Largs Stock of Beet Old and New sorts of Strawberry 1
. i revs fer rielass etLewPrlees. Write for tnoiAL 1
HwaTu rivu uruiMaaiae,
tabllshed la IMS. Scad for pries list to
.rth Reed. Itmlee Oeeaty. Isl
ALLlIf ROOT. Stesk Agent, Nebraska Slate ' J. W. Whxiass, MO. . nsOWW,
Farmsrt' Aulaass. OUce and Financial M'rr. CaWeSalssmaa. Beg SslssmSB
SHIP YOUR OWN STOCK
ALLEN ROOT AND COMPAHY,
LIYE SfOCR COUUISSIOH IIRRCHA1ITS,
South Omaha, Neb., Room 220 Exchange Building,
' Before Ton Ship Bend for the Market.
Raraaaacat: First national Bank of Omaha: Parkers 5aUonal Bank, Omaha; Oomaieretel
lstlnaal Bank, Omaha; Hatiosal Bavlngsaad axobangs Bank, Omaha; Central City Beak, Osntral
sjsrahliperi can draw light draft on ni for M per cent of eeat, bill of ladlag i
V7ESTFALL COM CO.
Legal representatives ef Kansas
State Alliance and well known In Nebraska. , Our specialty Car Loads Of
Potatoes Onions, Apples, Cabbage. Hay and Oats. We also
have a heavy game trade In Nebraska and Wyoming. We have an established
trade for all the above mentioned artloes, and by shipping direst to us yon will
get all the value there Is in the goods. Write for prices and shipping lnstnto
tions. Reference: Metropolitan National Bank, Kansas City, Mo.
WEST FALL COMMISSION CO.
473 Wnlnut St.. KanMft Cltv Mo.
Will buy a-
The State Agent offers De Kalb
iminttid wire at 3 cents per pound
Galvanized wir at 3 c nts per pound.
Gl dden paint te best we hate ever
wild Evaporated apples in 50 lb rases
8 cts per lb. Fine Muscat Raisins
6ctsper'b. The bes? sweet corn in
2 dozen cases at $1. 20 per doz. Sugar
4 to 5i cents ier pound. Rsk Salt
$2 a barrel. Write fr any thin? you
want. J. W. Haktley,
No Ileal Rival Yet.
Worlds-famous Ell Perkins says:
"After people have gone over all the
routes to California once, they settle
down to the fid U. P. This road will
always be the great transcontinental
ine. It has tbe best track, tbe best
equipment the b' stealing bouses, and
it teachfs tbe traveler more history
and gn grphy tha any other line. It
shows tou historic Salt Lake and the
Mormons, tares you through the great
L '.ramie plains, the Humboldt Basin
and the Gran'l Canyon, over the very
stHge route that Horace Greeley and
Artemus Ward rode.
Once, on the Union Pacific It goes
everywhere. It ruts to Portland and
Pueblo, Helena and the YosTnite, Ta
ma ana Seattle, Juns Angeles and San
Francisco. It has no it al rivals yet."
For tickets call on, J. T. Mastin, C.
In the New Spring Shades of
Cafe an Lait,
ORDER : SAMPLES.
38 inch All Wool
'able Colors. .
38 inch Subline Silk Warp, all colors, ....
"Whip Cord in Change-
40 inch All Wool Suitings. Spring Styles. .
46 inch All Wool Satin Finish German Hen
rietta in all colors . . .
, .40 inch English Serge, Changeable colors . .
Samples cheerfully sent to out-of-town customers.
itm AMD 9009 r,
CORNER THIRTEENTH AND M STREETS, LINCOLN, NEB,
Three blocks from Capitol building. Lincoln's newest, neatest and best
up-town hoM. Eighty new rooms just completed, including large committee ,
rooms, making 160 rooms in all. tf A. L HOOVER & SON, Prop'rt ...
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