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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (March 23, 1893)
TUB A LLI A HCE-I.H DEPENDENT.
MARCH 23, 18
How Bill Dorgw Beodled Away $20,000
EOlfE EIOH ABD KAOT BEADING-
Part af the Testimony Taken by the
Penitentiary Cammittee. The Truth
- Pumped out of Unwilling
"There's something rotten in the
Utfl of Denmark." bhakspere.
8 me republicans are Batting up the
clal B that the evidence In tne peniten
tiary iareatigation does not support
the findings of the committee. In order
tosho the falsity ot fhe claim, the
following review of part of the testi
mony is given.
TMtlmoBjr la the Cut.
The formal report of the committee to the
bouse seta forth in a brief and condensed
. form some of the things which were un
covered by the investigation, but it is in the
eihlbiis from the report of the expert,
thereto attached, that are found the most
interesting features in connection with the
fraud, steal and Jobbery associated with the
appropriation and the building of the new
The Tenorts" filed by Superintendent
Dora-aa with the board are five in number,
but there are no vouchers for anything but
the freight. Out of $.13,100 drawn by him
from the fund by the consent of the board,
there are no vouchers for $5,151.77, and for
the $6,331.15 received by Hopkins from Dor
fan, no vouchers have ever been filed. The
evidence shows that before expending the
money for material, Dorgan received bids
for the furnishing of stone and sand, but
notwithstanding this fact, he bought the
material of an outsider, paying in nearly all
eases two or three times as much, and in
some cases four times as much as would
have been the case had the material been
furnished by the bidders, or by others at the
prices bid by them.
A liberal estimate for the stone used Is
computed by capable authorities at $3,820.02,
while the stste was compelled, through the
extravagance of the superintendent, and the
connivance of the board, to pay therefor
$8,777.83, an overchar e on that one item of
early $6,000. Sand was a lesser Item, but
in that particular there was an overcharge,
as shown by the report of the expert, of
Labor cost the state $13,297.25, while had
a private contractor been leasing the same
help from the same source, it would have
cost but $4,918.00. Here is a steal on these
three items of nearly $14,000 on a $40,000 ap
propriation. It is further demonstrated that the appro
priation was much more than sufficient to
Lave completed the building, but, as it is,
the appropriation is more than exhausted,
the building has been barely enclosed, and
there are debts as yet unsatisfied for work
that has already been performed. The evi
dence shows that several other matters were
allowed to figure as a part of the cell house
deal, at the expense of the state, although
they bad no connection with It.
Herewith is reproduced some of the evi
' denoe submitted before the committee:
Ex-Treasursr IIlU'i Testimony.
J. E. Hill testified that he had been a
member of the Board of Publio Lands and
Buildings for four years; that the board had
had charge of the penitentiary under the
law passed by the legislature two years tgo
and that it superintended the expenditures
of that institution. He related in detail the
several improvements' that had been made
at the penitentiary under the supervision of
the board, stating that the work had
generally been put in the hands of
some competent person. The work on
the new wing authorized by the
r legislature two years ago was done
by the day under the direction of William
Dorgan. The board held that the provisions
of the law precluded the necessity of adver
Ising for bids or for a superintendent.
When the board took up the matter of build
ing the cell house Mr. Dorgan was employed
as superintendent at a salary of $50 per
month.- Mr. Hill stated that he was honest
personally as far as the employment of Dor
gan was concerned, and that be believed
that Dorgan was a straight man and would
masre the money go as far as possible. He
could not tell whether any plans or specifica
tions had ever been adopted by the board or
not, but he saw what purported to be the
plans for the new wing while visiting the
EBnitentlary some time after the work on the
ullding had been commenced. He had al
ways believed that plans and specifications
01 some sort bad been nied with the commis
sioner ot publio lands and buildings.
Trusted to Dorgan's Integrity. '
Referring to the employment of Dorgan as
the superintendent of construction, Mr. Hill
was asked if the fact that Dorgan was act
ins as Mosher's agent at the same time had
not been considered by the board. He re
plied that the matter had been discussed
afterward, but no steps were taken to rec
tify any mistake that had been nrade in tne
, aelection. He thought at the time that $50
a month was a prettv small salary for the
services required, but that he had at the
time every confidence in Dorgan's business
integrity. The matter oi employing con
victs on tne work as well as the
purchase of material had been left
almost entirely to Dorgan, who from time to
time would make reports to the board, ac
companied by vouchers and receipts. The
board examined these reports from time to
time. The board examined the bills and
Touchers for material, but never made any
Inquiries as to whether the material had
been actually furnished or not. He admitted
that there had been many items reported by
. AJorgan wnicn naa not been accompanied by
Touchers. These items were placed on file
to be considered In the final settlement, and
tew weeks before the board's term of office
expired Dorgan was ordered to present the
receipts, but witness did not know whether
the receiDts had been furnished or not.
Mr. Hill was then examined as to the as
signment ot the contract from Mosher to
Dorgan. He said that the assignment had
been made in February, 1892, and that the
board at once discharged Dorgan as superin
tendent and employed Dan Hopkins, ex-
warden of the penitentiary, at a salary of
$150 per month, He thought the board took
steps to require Dorgan to put up a bond
under the assignment of the contract, but
he could not say whether that individual
baa ever done so or not. He could not re
member the names of Mosher's bondsmen,
Took a Pleasant Trip.
Attorney General Hastings was examined
as to the particulars of the Junket made by
several members of the board a year ago at
the state's expense, the ostensible object
bain? to examine the management of other
state penal institutions. He testified that
the party cons jten or nimseif, secretary
Allen, Commissioner Humphrey and Warden
Honkins. Dorgan handed them $500 the day
- they started and this amount was used for
the expenses of the trip. They visited
Leavenworth. Kan., jeserson uity, mo.. St.
Louis, Chester, 111., Chicago and one or two
of them went to Michigan City. Ind. They
had transportation as far as St. Louis and
some members or tne party noa passes irora
that city to Chicago. The others paid their
fare. They - were gone about two weeks.
Tbey made some in vestigation of the matter
- OI Tentua ting ceu nouses, etc., ana maae
some sort of a report to Dorgan when they
returned, but the witness didn't know
whether the ideas were adopted in the Ne
braska cell house or not, He had never
made an itemized statement of his expenses
a tne n. mi was pn.t" tost ne naa
iat all the money tbat tua Been given 10
Onoral Iiaatinn was tben questioned
closely as to his knowledge of the manner in
which Dorgan nan oeen permuiea o arsw
money on the cell house fund from time to
time, but his ideas were not very clear on the
ubfect lie felt sure, however, mat iMrgaa
was never allowed any money until after he
rot the bills for the work. He admitted
that several thousand dollars of the fund
might have been checked out for which no
receipts had been presented, but be claimed
that he had e knowledge of the fact. He
asserted that the board was in the habit of
going over the claims Terr carefully, but
that he never gave the matter much atten
Where lafanaatte May Be Ha4.
1 think if yen fe to Mr. Allen, or Mr.
Humphrey," said the attorney general,
"either one of them can give yon very defi
nite information as Mr. Allen is secretary and
Mr. Humphrey is president, and my office is
attached to it simply as a matter of orna
ment, I suppose. I was attending to mak
ing briefa In the supreme court and attend
ing to the affairs of my office as attorney
He admitted that be probably did not
give critical attention to the matter of ex
penditures, claiming that his duties as
attorney general made it absolutely impos-
tble for htm to slay in tne otner omces ana
check over account. As an attorney be
considered that a bond for $10,000 was rea
sonably sufficient for a man who bad to ex
pend $40,000 of the state's money.
(joining te tne matter oi tne assignment oi
Mosher's contract to Dorgan, the attorney
. i -1 I i v- I ' V. .
general statea mat iu uoaru uraru ui u
assignment as a rumor and did not consider
l . ..... - t,,l.. . ant f sn In ""Arm iri irk II
He rather held to the view that the original
1 J , 1 . I . 1 - . - . v-j .
oona given oy moniinr mi ma ww i
been released. When shown the original
hnnrf th nt.tnrnftv trnn era! adml tted that he
had never seen it before.
Simply Took William's Word.
Secretary of State Allen took the witness
stand and told the committee what he knew
about the trip taken by several members of
the board to the penitentiaries oi several
eastern states. His statements did not
vary tmuch from the ones made by the at
torney general. The party took $500 and
spent it. When they returned the amount
was charged up to the state. Speaking of
the manner in which the money bad been
expended on the cell house, Mr. Allen said
that Dorsran would be given a warrant for a
certain sum and that he would check against
this amount until it was exhausted. Then
he would be allowed to draw another sum.
The only thing the board had to go by was
Dorgan's statements or the amoun'.s he naa
paid out. The board never got together
and figured up how much Dorgan had con
tracted or how much he ought to draw. In
many instances the board took Dorgan's
statement without any vouchers.
Mr. Allen made the somewhat startling
statement that there was no record of the
board's account with Dorgan in the matter
of the construction of the cell house, either
in the books of bis office or the books of the
board. He did not . consider that the board
had as yet approved the accounts of Dorgan,
ana that no settlement had ever been made
with that person. He "supposed" the board
would pass upon the accounts and make a
settlement when the cell house was com
Knows Nothing of the Details.
A. R. Humphrey, commissioner of public
lands and buildings, was next called to the
stand. He also told the committee of the
swing around the circle made by himself and
other members of the board last year, ana
bis story lallea to place that memorable
junket in any better light. !
Regarding the board's contract with Dor
gan, he stated that no final settlement had
yet been made, He had never made any ex
amination as to the correctness of the vouch
ers presented by Dorgan for materiel fur
nished. Neither did he know anything
about the manner in which convict labor had
been employed on the new cell house. He
never scrutinized tho vouchers for material
furnished and did not know whether the
charges for such material were reasonable or
not. lie had asked the warden and the men
employed on the work and they had informed
him that the charges were reasonable. The
money to meet the expense of the work was
drawn in advance of the expenditures and
was turned over to Dorgan, who used it fer
the purchase of material. Dorgan took re
ceipted checks, and these checks would be
in the possession of the board when the
final settlement was made. He remembered
that some machinery had been purchased at
about the time the work was commenced on
the cell house, but he didn't know what the
machinery was nor how much it cost.
Colonel Dorgan on the Stand.
One of the most entertaining witnesses be
fore the committee was Bill Doigan, the
superintendent of construction, who acted as
the agent of the prison contractor and at the
same time drew $50 a month to look after the
Interests of the state in the construction of
the new cell house. He stated that he was
at present the prison contractor, but that at
the time he acted as superintendent of con
struction for the board he was simply the
manager of the contract for Mosher and had
charge of all his interests at the peniten
tiary, in letting out the convicts to sub
contractors he charged as much as he could
get. me state was charged $1 per day.
Private contractors were charged less, as a
rule, and the average price received from
private contractors was about 40 cents a day
lor eacn convict.
The number of convicts enwloved on the cell
house varied from time to time. The following
dialogue between the committee and its wit
ness will give an idea ot the manner in
which the time of this convict labor was
kept and charged up to the state:
flu Charges Always Worked.
"Isn't it a fact. Mr. Dorgan. that all the
men who were employed and put into that
gang wcro checked up and charged for unless
iney were in tne nospitaif"
"Yes sir, they ought to be."
"And were charged up to the state
whether they worked or not?"
"Yes sir." f
"And the state paid for them!"
..."Yes sir." . .- - - ....
"How much time have you charged up to
the state that they didn't work?"
"Oh, there might have been a day or two.
or something like that."
"Wasn't there about twenty days, from
January 10 till January 30. last year, that
they didn't work on the cell house at all?"
"There may have been; I wouldn't saj."
"That time was all checked up and charged
to the state!"
"I suppose it was checked up and charged
to the state."
His Little Deal With Atwood.
Leaving the question of the employment of
convicts on the cell house, the board turned
its attention to the prices charged the state
for the stone and sand used in that building.
Dorgan stated that he had purchased the
stone of S. H. Atwood & Co. of Plattsmouth.
He met Atwood in Omaha and had been rec
ommended to him by one of the general officers
of the B. & M. railroad. He visited Atwood's
quarry at Cedar Creek, and agreed upon the
price to be paid for the atone. He consulted
no other stone' dealer and made no effort
to ascertain the regular prices for the
kind of stone to be used in the walls of the
cell house. He denied that he had obtained
any prices of J. L. Farthing of Plattsmouth,
and said that he never heard of such a man.
He knew tho state paid 85 cents a foot for
the stone, but didn't know how much the
stone cost Atwood. He supposed 35 cents
was the regular price for that class of stone,
but didn't know much about it, as he didn't
claim to be much ot a stone man, anyway.
He believed he had noticed in some circulars
that stone was worth about 85 cents a foot.
Then tho following entertaining conversa
tion took place:
Densely Ignorant Regarding Stone.
"Do you know aa a matter of fact that
this atone you got onlv coat 10 omta fwt"
"If that wts what it cost, wiM yoi say
35 rents was the regular price of stone t"
"1 would not, because I am not a stone
"Do you know as a matter of fct that the
price you paid for the stone was three times
.be regular price for stone In this country?"
"As a matter of fact, I don't know."
"With whom did you talk to ascertain the
price of stone?"
"1 told you I didn't talk with anyone but
"I understood yon to ssy you talked with
persons who understood the price of stone?"
"I told you that I had circulars of stone."
"Whose circulars did you have at that
"I had aome from Jollet."
Well, was stone worth 35 cents a foot at
Joliet at that time?"
"I think that was the price on the circu
lars for that kind of stone."
"What kind of atone was it?"
"The kind I used down there."
"What kind waa that?'.' "
"I told you I was not a stone man."
.How do you know if it was the same kind
of stone If you don't know?"
"I suppose; I don't know very much about
"There were a great many stone' men here
In town that you were acquainted with at
that time, were there not?"
'I don't know of a stone man in Lincoln."
"You don't know of any that handle and
"There may be a hundred, but I don't
know eone man in Lincoln who handles
Some Whaling Big Carloads.
The committee then called Dorgan's atten
tion to the manner In which the state had
been charged for stone that hod never been
delivered, but on this subject he was as
ignorant as upon the price of the stone he
had purchased of Atwood. One car of atone
had been charged up to the state as contain
ing 403 feet of stone. This would make a
weight of 66,000 pounds of stone on one car.
There was a difference of 23,000 pounds be
tween the amount Dorgan charged the state
for and the amount the state actually re
ceived. Dorgan didn't know anything about
this item. He claimed that there were
many cars in use on the B. Ac. M. which
had a capacity of 64,000 pounds. He
had never made any estimate of the
amount of stone he had purchased of
Atwood or of the amount ' he "put into
the cell house. He bad purchased derricks,
hoisting tackle and tools to be used in erect
ing the cell house. He was asked :
Hade the State Pay for AIL
"Did you purchase them out of the state's
money or your own?"
"I aimed to make the state pay for every
thing. If I didn't I overlooked it. I aimed
to make the state pay for everything I used
In connection with the building."
He stated that he had made no agreement
with the Board of Publio Lands and Build
ings as to the kind of a cell house to be built
under his direction. He employed an archi
tect to draw him some plans and specifica
tions. He claimed that all the board asked
him to do was to put up a good building, and
he asserted with sublime confidence that
there wasn't a better building in the state,
if he did say it himself.
Hopkins Had No Limit.
Ex-Warden Dan Hopkins, who succeeded
Dorgan as superintendent of construction of
the cell bouse, took the stand to tell the
committee ust what he didn't know of the
business methods adopted in doing the work.
He testified that when he took up the work
where Dorgan left off nothing had been
comoleted but the inside wall There was
no material on hand, and he purchased some
twenty-seven car loads of stone of Atwood
at the same price paid by Dorgan. He had
also purchased large quantities ot sand, ce
ment, lumber and material for the roof and
ceiling. He had no agreement with the
Board of Public . Lands and . Build
ings except that he was . to go
ahead and put up as good a building as he
could for the money. No limit had beeu
placed upon his expenditures. He claimed
that he had talked with men who were
familiar with the prices of building material
and had been told that the prices be paid
were reasonable enough. He also told of the
trip he had taken with the members of the
state board to other states, ostensibly to in
vestigate cell houses in other penitentiaries,
and also related the details of a trip taken
by himself ana Chaplain Howe when they
attended the prison eongress at Pittsburg,
pa., last .November at the state's expense.
This trip cost the state $200.
Testimony of a Stone Salesman.
One of the witnesses who was able to
throw some light upon the peculiar business
methods of Dorgan and his associates was
J. L. Farthing, a traveling salesman for Pat
terson & Cc., stone dealers at Plattsmouth.
He testified thatwhen the matter of furnish
ing stone for the new cell house was under
consideration he called at Dorgan's office In
Lincoln. He put in a bid for supplying the
stone, and the prices he quoted Dorgan were
75 cents a yard for crushed stone, a 1.90 per
yard on rubble stone, and sand 65 cents per
yard, all delivered at the prison. He fur-
nisnea stone for the construction of the
Lincoln asylum at these figures. Dorgan,
he claimed, agreed to give him the contract
at these figures, but afterward informed
him that the contract would have to go to
Farthing explained that all quarries sold
stone by the yard, but that he would be will
ing to sell the stone by the foot if anyone
wanted to buy it that way. A yard of stone
contained twenty-seven cubio feet and the
price for a cubic foot of stone would be just
one-twenty-sevetith of the price of a cubio
yarn. The price of a cubic foot of stone
under these figures would be 15 cents, and
that was the price they always sold it at.
The price of rubble stone would be 3 cents a
foot. The price he quoted Dorgan was 4
cents a foot, delivered at the prison.
He testified further that the maximum ca
pacity of a flat car upon which stone is
shipped is from 30,000 to 40,000 pounds, and
that there was no such thing as a car with a
capacity or ouuw. He stated that the rail
road companies would refuse to haul more
than 40,000 of stone on a car, and if they
found that the car contained more they
would haul it back into the quarries and
nave the surplus removed.
Sold tbe gtone to Atwood.
J. W. Zook of Nemaha county was placed
on the stand. He was the owner of the
quarry from which Atwood bought a large
amount oi tne stone that went into the cell
house. He sold the stone to Atwood for 10
cents a foot, and considered that he was
getting a good price for it. At the time he
made the contract with Atwood he did not
know what the stone was to be used for, but
he found out three weeks afterward that it
was going into the penitentiary. He stated
that he never received pay for a car that
contained more than 235 feet. It would be
impossible, he said, to put 400 feet of stone
on a single car. He considered 85 cents a
foot for stone robbery, and said he would
have been willing under the circumstances
to have taken the contract to furnish the
stone at 8 cents a foot. He had sold lots of
stone in Lincoln at 12 cents a foot deliv-
erea, ana maae money at it.
Their Time Always Charged. ,
Y. H. Hainer was the next witness. He
testified that he had been principal keeper
at the penitentiary during the time that the
cell house waS being constructed under Dor
gan's supervision, and he had charge of all
the convicts working under the prison con
tract. He stated that about twenty-five
convicts had been employed on the cell
house, and that the state had been charged
for their services whether they worked or
not. un rainy days, when the men could
not work on the cell house, they worked in
tne yarns ror the prison contractor, but their
time was charged up to the state Just the
same. When convicts employed on the cell
house were in tne hospital they were charged
to the iUte. One man bad worked in the
boiler room from some time in December,
1891, until aome time in February, 1893, and
his time had also been charged to the state,
although the work in the boiler room had
nothing to do with the ceu house.
Dergae Hae Zook' 1'rleea.
Mrs. Zoo, wife of the J. W. Zook whs
sold the Johnson quarry stone to Atwood,
testified that she attended to most of her
husband's correrpondrno. She bad re
ceived a letter from Dorgan a short time be
fore her u us band made tbe contract with
Atwood, asking the prices on stone. She
answered the letter and gave tbe prices, but
she could aot remember tLs price she quoted,
but was positive that it was not as high as
35 cents a foot.
One of the Prison's Cariosities.
Ex-Warden Hopkins was recalled to give
the committee some information in regard to
the chapel built by direction of the legisla
ture several years previous. He testified
hat tbe room at present used as a chapel
had always been used as such to the best of
is knowledge. The building erected for
chapel purposes had always been used by
Crivate corporations for workshops. Warden
opkins corroborated his testimony. He
.estinea mat tne Bunding erected for a
chapel was aot at all suited for that pur-
se. . . . .
"Was tne building that was erected ana
which you have described built in such a
manner as to be suitable for a chapel?" asked
"It was not," replied Warden Mellon.
"What would yeu aay it was erected fort"
" W ell, give us your best Judgment."
"I would consider it was created for a
grange hall," and the warden stepped aside.
Boss Ktoot Ballt It.
Ex-Attorney General Leese was placed on
the stand to tell what he knew about the
erection of the chapeL He testified that the
buuainrnad been built according to plans
and specifications and under a regular con
tract wito w. r. a. stout, wno employed
citizen labor exclusively. He believed the
buildly bad been "honestly constructed. He
testified further that the Board of Public
Lands and Buildings had received no notice
of the assignment of the prison contract
from Stout to Mosher. and that he wasy he
first to discover the fact. The board then
compelled Mosher to put up a bond for
Ex-State Treasurer Willard gave his tes
timony in reeard to the chaoel building. He
remembered that the building bad been built
by Stout under contract, and believed that
the work had been honestly done.
Ex-Warden Hvers also testified in regard
to the chapel building, and to the condition
in which the sanitary arrangements of the
prison were kept under his administration.
He asserted that everything had been kept
as clean as a whistle. The ventilation of the
cell bouse, he said, was something awful.
When the prison contractor had to lurnisn
the labor to keep the cell house clean the
work was rarely done in a proper manner.
In the morning after the cell house had been
shut up all night the air was almost unen
Small BUI for Repairs.
Dan Hopkins was recalled. He testified
that the south wall of the penitentiary in-
closure, which was thrown down by a wind
storm last year, was repaired with stone
taken from the material being used in the
construction of the new cell house. Tbe cell
house was on the northeast corner of the
yard. The cell house had nothing to do with
the repairs on the wall and there was a sum-
cient amount of money in the maintenance
fund. The voucher for the work was a,sytf.
The board instructed him to charge the stone
used in the cell house to the south wall to off
set some work and material furnished in re
pairing that wall. ;
Mr. Atwood Details His Snap.
S. H. Atwood, the man who furnished the
stone for the new cell house, was placed on
the stand. He testified that he had never
met Dorgan but once before he made the con
tract with him, and that was in Omaha.- He
said that Dorgan visited his quarry and
there the contract was made. He was to re
ceive 35 cents a foot for the dimension stone,
plugged to size, and 16 cents a foot for tbe
stone in the rough. He did not furnish all
the stone from his own quarry. Some of it
was furnished by Zook, and the rest of it by
Van Court of Omaha. He paid Van Court
10 cents a foot for what he got of him, and
he paid zook the same, in muuing
out his bills he charged at the rate
of 100 pounds a foot. If a car con
tained 40.0000 pounds, he charged for
400 feet, although his stone weighed 165
pounds to the foot. The cars were billed at
their capacity, whether they were loaded
to the caDanitv or not. He naid Zook 4VI
cents per 100 pounds delivered in Lincoln,
so that if he paid him at that rate for a
car billed 40,000 pounds, he paid $18 for the
amount and collected $64 from Dorgan. He
admitted that every car of stone would fall
short, but explained that that was the gen
eral rule which prevailed in shipping stone
John Dorgan Didn't Know.
John Dorgan was put on the stand to tell
the committee what he knew of the cement
that he had furnished his brother to be
used in the erection of the cell house, but
his memory always failed him at the inter
esting point and the committee was able to
get but little information from him. He had
a faint recollection of selling his brother
some cement, but didn t know where the
cement went to. He took it for granted
that it went to the penitentiary. He didn't
have any original books of entry in which he
recorded the items. He had no oooits mat
contained the items of cement sold to his
brother in May, 1891. He kept some books
at the time, but didn't know where they
were. He didn't know whether he dealt
personally with his brother or not.
His Idea on Boilers.
The final witness was W. H. Dorgan, who
was recalled. - He was asked by the commit
tee as to the fire brick and fire clay charged
up to the state. He said this material was
used for setting the boilers. He had to set
two boilers belonging to the state. When ne
took charge of the prison contract there
were four boilers in use, and these two extra
ones not set up. The boilers were scattered
over tbe place, and he conceived the idea of
setting the boilers all in one battery. After
the state's boilers had been set, he used
thorn to supply steam to his subcontractors.
When Stout held the prison contract he had
to heat the buildings for the state at his own
expense, and when he sublet any portion of
the contract the subcontractors furnished
their own power. The work necessary to
reset the boilers was done by the convicts
and their time charged up to the state.
Took the Colonel's Temper.
"Do you remember what time you started
this gang of men at work on the cell house?"
asked the committee.
"I don't remember. Some time in May
I think it was."
"When was it you commenced keeping
regular track of their work in general?"
"I think it was the 1st of June. Prior to
that they Just run in the yard gang, as I ex
plained to you before and as you understand.
And I want to tell you that I am under in
dictment and you are taking rather an unfair
advantage of me."
"Have you given any bond to the state
since the contract of Mosher has been as
signed to you?"
(Witness hesitates.) "No, sir." "
"Has one ever been requested of you!"
"The assignment that Mosher makes to
you recites that it is in pursuance or accord
ing to the terms and agreements of a certain
agreement between you and Mosher?"
"On the theory that there were other bids
put in, as testified by witnesses, what have
you to say?"
"I want to say it is ad d lie, for I never
put out any bids, and the man who came
here and swore that I did swore to a d d
lie, and if he can produce where I adver
tised, or can produce anything of the kind I
will put ud a bond ot $100,000 that he is a
With this pyrotechnic outburst the wit
ness was excused.
ALLIANCE CAIWIAOE CO., CINCINNATI, OHIO.
- i i r. jry
WAGONS or HARNESS
O from any one until you have ee
s our N e w G rand Catalogue for I83, w hick
: A n eiHHru It ihovsover
&r l HiaiiLU w j
i a--a Ltvlrt with nrirci of vehicles
CDC UUIIUIt a-w I
& lTZZT n'"f rom S"pw. "d Hsrnes. Irom la upward.
-a Our goodsare strictly nana-maae im ium j ...
oil can, and our Spiral Springs are warranted for 12 year. We are
' reeoeniretf manuiaciurers ior in wv ,
. i The arIit mannfaf.
i-Z. -Yr B.H that sell their entire ootpal direct to the consumer.
ALLIANCE CARRIAGE C0..,iirsZ!k.Cinciiinati, 0.
tr ivM 7
jas. McMillan & go.
200 to 2I2 FIRST AVE. NORTH,
tDBALBRS AND BXPOBTBR8.'
COUNTRY AND PACKER
ninneapoll. CHICAGO, ILL ST. LOUIS, MO. Green Salted HIDES,
Sheepskin. mA1ilKlmthSt ,.. Calfskins, Dry Hides,
Tannery. UCi cm a uont Pelts, Fore, Wool,
FINE NORTHERN FURS.
REFERENCES BY PERMISSION.
Tallow, Grease, Deerskins,
Ginssnq A Sbnbca Root,
SasuHiTt Baas o Mim. Mkhuou., Minn.
Ft. Dat.eouN NaT. Bark, Chwaso. In.
Montana National Bawk Hslsna. Mont.
Fint National Bans. Gssat Fallb. Mont.
Finer National Bank. 8oniF-l,Wm.
Nat. Bank o. Commsnos. St. Louie. Mo.
Liberal Advances Mads on Shipments against
Original Bill ol Lading.
Shipments Solicited. Writ for Circulars.
Shippers from this Hlate Correspond with and Con
sign to Minneapolis House.
IMPORTER AND BREEDER OP
Every one Registered and a Guaranteed Breeder. No
Worn Out Stallions, no Culls.
Prices lowr than the lowest when Quality is considered. All select animals
to make a choice from. Come and be convinced that 1 mean busUiess. Long time,
small profits and good horses may be expected.
IMPORTER AND BREEDER.
4 - .: ztr.
100 BLACK 100
Now U the time to rubscribe for a good
independent newspaper. Thb ALLI-AMCE-I
"dependent is still in tbe field
and is acknowledged to be the paper ad
vocating the reform Movement published
in the state. Price, $1 per year.
Isms' Horses were "In It" at the great St Lou.s istr, and Kansas and Nebraska state fairs ot
1891 and 1892. they v
Were Wppers of 141 Prizes-
lams' World's Fair Horses are "Out of Sight."
lams' Is the only Importer in,Nebraska that tmporte 1 his Pereherons 91 and'92, and the largest
Importer of Clydes and Shires In 1892. They arrived Sep. '92 All Blacks and Bays.
Grey fiorses 0300 feess thap Qfacks.
lams Guarantees to sh9w you the largest collection of first-class BIG FCASHY
n? A cT uiYiub v nfthn virinm hnid. of ih Rt individual Merit end fctovat
breeding. 2 to 6 years old 160i to 2200 weight and at ALU VNCE rKK!E3 A.ND TKKMs, or .:'
. WVVV 1 . . a. - aKnm lama nntra tVttx fpai.rht A
cneaper man any uve importer or pay your mos w mw wmu. muia kjd uw s.Bu.
TEFpnsi 2apd 3 years pine ax o pr ipusr"
- - - . . . . tt. . . . . I. V. . A I. Anna fn. n.nAt Clnnti
mjprwi b A V Kil Dy Duymg oi lams, ue oral uui wui t rem iuu u nuwu j iuu vvu
JjwUU guarantees, every horse recorded. .."AMK IAMS,
Write lams- St. Paul Neb.. is on the B. & M. and IT. P. railroads. St. Paul. Nebraska.
TO LOAN ON FARMS
IS EiSTER NEBRASKA AT 6 PER CENT.
interest and a very small commission, Privilige given borrower
to pay in installments and stop interest. Money always on hand.
Write or call on us. STULK BROS.,
llTHANDNSm, LINCOLN, NEBRASKA
WYATT-BDLLAED UMBER CO., Omaha, W
JOHN B. WRIGHT, Pres. T. E. SANDERS, V. Pres. J. H. M'CLAY, Cashier
. - -.THEi-
Columbia National Bank
- - - OF LINCOLN, N EBRA8KA. ...
CAPITAL - - $250,000.00,
General Passenger Agent,
A. C. ZIEMBR,
City Passenger Agent,
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