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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 16, 1893)
UIGU LOCAL RATES.
How they Eiidr ffebrtska's DenWp
meat u well u Sob Producer
STAKD UP rOS SESSiSIl.
Lists of Manufacturing Industries Whicb
Have Grows up in Spit of High
Facta "Worth Considering.
The principle facta and figures con
cerning Nebraska's industries which
form the basis for this discussion are
reprinted from our last issue. They
axe as follows:
The following is a partial list of the
manufacturing lndtutiies located in
the city of Omaha ts reported in the
Board of Trade's report for 1891.
Class. No. of Firm-. Class. No. of Finn
Sash, doors, blind. .V
Whit lead . ...... .1
Awnings, tent, etc..
Cigar manul'ter. ..ST
Fence work ,.1
Boot asd shoe tacVy.)
show case t
f'rtrn i-rtha 1
Collar and caffs 1
Barbed wire 1
Carriage, wagons... 8
powder etc 4
Founder aad ma
chine sheps 5
Lin ed oU I
Shot and Lead pipe. 1
Soda watr 3
Syrup renr 1
Smelling work 1
Vlaegar i lcklea..X
Canning aad pre
Flour and corn mill S
Has: factory ...1
Chain and furniture t
Lard refiner 1
Pearl button t
Planing mill .b
Feed cooker 1
Plating works A
A national census bulletin lately issu
ed dives the following facts concerning
Omaha's maaufacUning industries ae
they were ia 1890:
Number ef different industries. .... 77.
" maaf'iag establishment. .626
" kad employed 7,533
Total wages paid 84,797,482.
" capital invested $15,626,169.
" cast ef material used. .$27,779,394.
" value of products...... $38,961,523.
The followinr is a carefully prepared
list of the manufacturing interests of
Nebraska s capital euy:
Class. No. ef Firm
Artificial stone 1
Boilers engines etc..
nnsi aad iron werksS
Boiler and steam
Brooms . 1
Carriage tops and
Cornice, etc 3
Curtains and dra
Cracker and cakea..l
Electric supplies.. ..1
Drug and Chemi
Flour and mill staffs I
Furs, mulls, etc 1
Hone collars 2
Class. No. of Firms
Harness and saddle
Marble, araalt. etc..
Mantle and cabinets 8
Patent medicine.... I
Pattern and models. 1
Plaalag mills 2
Road rraders 1
Stove nolish 1
Tents and awnings.. 2
Tabl i condiments . . . . l
Trunks and valises.. 1
Umbrellas and para
The national census bulletin for 1890
give the following facts concerning
Lincolu's manufactmrlng industries:
Number of different industries. . . . . .38
" " establishments 117
Hands employed 1.519
Wages paid.. S9db,tjt.
Capital Invested $1,914 889
Cost of material used ....... .$1 278,863.
Value of product $3,018,837
The manufacturing industries of the
state are by no means confined to these
large cities. They are scattered all
over the state. Almost every county
seat has a number of enterprising es
tablishments. Complete statistics con
cerning these are not accessible.
It is of course impossible to give
more than an estimate of the capital
invested, ma erials used, and products
of factories outside of Omaha and Lin'
It would certainly be fair to assume
that they are at least three times as
great as ihose given in the census bul
letin f'r Lincoln. This is certainly a
low estimate. Under this supposi
tion the figures ef the whole state
Capital invested $23,285,725.
Materials us-d $34,894,486
Value of products $51,036,871
Let us suppose that only one-tali d
of the materUls used came to the fac
tories by rail, and that only on-half
of the produew are shipped out by rail.
We have $36,483,000 of products and
materials ea which somebody pays the
Now nearly all the materials used
and a large siar of the produo s
turned out are bulky, Mid costly tosbip,
so that the freight rates are a consider
able element ia te cost to the con
sumer. A reduction of freights rates
equal to oae hundredth part of these
materia" and products would ha a
saving of about $365 000. A reduction
equal to 3 per ceat of the oot would be
a savag of over one million dollars to
to th people of Nebraska.
The aaeve statistics and estimates
forcibly demonstrate the Importance of
the I cal rate question s a factor la
the cost ef articles produced and con
Bumxd in this state. These freight
charges are paid chit-fly by the con
sumers of the article, and thy are
therefore 'li- ectlr aad deeply la test
ed in keouriag a rrductio'i of looil
freight rates to a just and reasona-l?
N w lt it? look at he question from
the tand-sHnt ef the manufacturer.
It might at first v ew seem te be a mat
ter of ve" ht e int'jrust t "he manu
facturer whether he pays low or high
freight raw, since he can add the ;
freight charge to the cost of the goods
and thus collect them from the eon-!
sumers. But a farther examination of
the question will show that the ques
tion of local freight rates Is one of the
h'ghest importance to all local manu
facturing Industries. The truth of the
following proposition cannot be ques
tioned. The weeeucfa nam fdetarUs enterprise
depends upon tie market for Us product.
What every manufacturer wants is
an extended market In which his goods
can be sold at a profit. '
We are living under a system of com
petition. Whether this system. is
better or worse than a system of co-operation,
or a system of nationalism is a
question which need not be difcussed
here. Competition is a fact,' and a
must potent fact which every manufac
turer must take into account. He must
sell his goods in competition with the
goods made by his competitors. Every
manufacturer in Nebraska must sell
his goods in competition with the
goods manufactured outside the state.
The fact has already been cited that
nearly all the Industries in Nebraska
have been built up because of their
special adaptation to working up materi
als produced in the state, or supplying
the demands of the people of the state,
Let us suppose a case: A gentleman
named Smith, in an interior Neorac
ka town has a capital of $10,000 which
he thinks of investing in a manufactur
ing enterprise. He looks over the
field to determine what branch of man
ufacturing it will pay him best to un
dertake. Finally he says to himself:
"Tomatoes, sweet corn, beans, peas,
etc , can be produced here in large
quantities and tf excellent quality. Tee
people of this section consume great
quantities of canned tomatoes, corn,
etc. A canning factory ought to pay
well. I will invest my money in that
business. I shall certainly be able to
supply the local demand for these' goods
at any rate. Then I ought to be able
to reach out and find a market for my
goods in the surrounding towns and
counties, and perhaps in the whole
state. Perhaps later on mv superior
advantages will enable me to reach out
and compete in the markets of the
whole country. If the farmers of this
community cannot furnish me with
enough material, I can get the farmers
of neighboring counties to produce ma
terial and ship it to the factory by
Therefore Mr. Smith proceeds to in
vest his $10,000 in a canning factory.
The farmers of the surrounding coun
try engage in the production of toma
toes, sweet corn, etc., which they mar
ket at the factory at a living profit.
The people of the locality buy the
product of the factory, because it Is
sold at reasonable prices, and because
they want to encourage homo indus
try. Everything goes on well antll
the home market is supplied. When
Mr. Smith begins to reach out for other
ma kets he gets acquainted with the
freight rate business. He finds local
rates so high that when freight charg
es are added to the cost of his goods,
he is unable to compete with cannlner
factories located hundreds of miles be
yond tho borders of Nebraska. - Mr.
Smith's factory is located only 100
miles from Liuooln, a city of 50,000 in
habitants who consume large quanti
ties of canned goods. He undertakes
to supply the Lincoln market, but he
finds that the canning factories of Chi
cago and St Louis 500 miles away can
undersell him because they can get
their goods to Lincoln cheaper than-he
Presently Mr. Snith finds out that
the schedule of local rates in Nebras
ka has b en so arranged as to discour
age rather thaneacourage his business
The discrimination agalnt him in out
rageous. Hence instead of building up
a great business, he struggles along as
best he can with a small business.
Dropping this special case, let us now
take a more general view of the mat
August 31, 1891. Mr Chas. G. Dawes
of Lincoln appeared before the board
of transportation and delivered an ar
gument on this subject which has
never been answered.
He showed that the corporations are
enemies to the development of the
state, that they are discouraging the
building up of local industries in the
state Their rea-on for this is that they
would ratb' r ship manufactured pro
duct into Nebraska from outeide points
by wba' is known ts "long hauls,"
than to sMpthem from point to point
within the state by ' short hauls." They
discriminate against local business for
the sake of bul ding up a large
Mr. Dawes proved his charges by
sho i g up the rates. He showed that
there is particular dixcrim natl n
against Nebra ka manufacturers that
is not practiced in other stab-s. He
bowed tbat rate- on articles cming
undxr t e4th, and 5th classes lo the
freiiiht class fica' ions are higher in pro
portion to rates on other classes in
Nebra-ka than in ether i-ta'es. And
these clans, the 4th and 5th. consist
largely of articles wh eh miirht he
easily manufactured in Nebra-ka. He
submitted a list of evral hundred
articles In the e two clauses wh eh be
asserted might be manufactured in
Nebraska were it not for the high lo
cal rate. The following are a few of
the articles named:
Krap. .rated fruit,
C anned meat.
Ot niter ale.
Preserved vegetables Fruit butter
It is on these two classes that Ne
braska corporations reach the culmi
nation of extortion and injustice as
will be shown by figures In our next
SENATOR AL.LKN INTERVIEWED
He Telle Abont Hl Former Politic,
And Suttee the General Coarse
He will Pursue.
The following article appeared in the
Omaha Bee of February 7:
To a representative of the Bee last
evening, Senator-elect Allen said that
be voted for Tilden in 1876, voted the
republican ticket at other elections,
both before and since the memorable
"in 1878," said the judge, "I was
nominated for congress by a combina
tion of democrats and anti-monopolists
in the Fourth Iowa district. This ex
plains the stories to the effect that
while I resided in Iowa I was a demo
cratic candidate for congress. The
nomination came to me entirely un
sought, and was given to me more in
a complimentary sense on account of
my well known anti-monopoly senti
ments. I am constitutionally an anti
monopolists. For a number of years I
have realized that the tendency of the
republican party was toward fcentrall
zation and monopoly control, and I
ceased to act with the party four years
. "I was one of the number of republi
cans who with General Leese sought to
introduce the anti-monopoly idea to
the republican party and to loosen the
grasp of the corporations on the organi
zation. 'When it became evident to
me that the corporations had captured
the party I openly and arowedly be
came a member of the people's inde
pendent party. I am in full sympathy
with tie principles advocated by that
Prominent democratic leaders have
openly boasted that they held Judge
Allen's written pledge to act with the
democratic party ia the organization
of the next United States senate and to
join with that party in the support of
administrative measures, Referring
to these sentiments the senator said:
' No man holds a written pledge from
me regarding the distribution of pat
ronage or the organization of the sen
ate. I have said to some gentlemen in
regard to the organization of the sen
ate, in my judgment, it is my duty to
assist the dominant party and also give
it conscientious support in all adminis
trative measures and afford it a full op
portunity to make its government a
success. A.ny further than that I was
at perfect liberty to pursue such course
as 1 thought proper. I believe that
any administration should not ba ob
structed in the fair conduct of the gov
ernment, and that it should be given a
just a"d full opportunity in consequence
of Its being charged with the responsi
bility of the conduct of the govern
ment. "I may add that I am in full sympa
thy with the administration on the tar
iff question. I favor the free coinage
of s lver, and In this respect I mav dif
fer i'h the administration. I have
bad, of course, no time to give the mat
ter of specific legislat ion any considera
tion and can only express my views
alon the general lines.
' I will return home to-morrow. I
have a great deal of work to do before
I can lay down the office I hold as judge
of the Ninth judicial district. There
are many important cttses under advise
ment, wh ch will of necessity be com
pelled to investigate before I can reach
a dt'cUion upon them. After this work
is finished I shall tender my resigna
tion. I expect to go to Washington at
the inauguration or Cleveland and to
oh at the executive session of the sen
ate immediately after the inaugura
Subscribe for The Alliance-Independent
Homes and Irrigated Farms, Gardens
and Ortharis in the Celebrated Beat
River Vallc r on the Main Lines ot tat
Unto Pacitic aad Central Pacific R. R
near Oorinq and (den, Utah.
Splendid location for business and in
tustries of all kinds la the well kjuowb
city of Corinne, situated in the middle
ef the valley en the Central Pacific KT .
The lands of the Bear River valley ar
now thrown open to settlement by tht
wnstritctioa ef the mamnieth system o
Irrigatiea trow ths Bear lake andrifer,
JuHt completed b? the Bear River Canal
Ce at a oottt of $3,00tt,000. Tk com
uany coatrols 100.000 acres ef these fine
ands and owas many lota aad business
Ircatkns ia the city ef Corinne, and Is
now prepared te sell on easy terms to
settlers and ententes. The climate, soil,
and irrignting facilities are pronounced
unsuroaed b competent Judges who
declare the vllr,y te be the Paradise ot
th Farmer. Fruit (irower and Stork
Rniwer Niee oial urruadiBg, good
clooU nixl rhurch at CoriaaeCitt
nd Home VI, rkets exist for every kin
f farti! nt 'iren pniduee ia th
nii(hMiring cttie e' Og-lee and 8l
Litke, mill n the crnnt mining cuint
l,ami-' MI !e hovvfi fnnu 'hi
floe f the '"i"iii"iiiV llnhns. IfiM
HALSTEAO OK MR. BLAINE.
The V'Wrme rdltr tletrset All Ills At
tach oa Ik MgaU Mam.
McurHia, Tenn., Feb. 11 Some
time ago the Appeal-At t la nche cor
taints! the following paragraph:
Marat Haletead still na hi nerve with kin
la hi totameat oa Blaine's death, (or instance,
ho says that those who condemned Blaine
"when he n confronted by Oeedl aate
ais t white speaker ot the bene 414 ae apea
InsuBcteat evidence." Yet Mural Hals toad
himself condemned him oa tht ovMeoee. The
dear, deUthlful, blundering eld Said marshal
will bow have to do some more explain!.
This evoked from Mr. Halstead the
following letter, wh ch appeared this
This parser ph ha peenlaritiee that Sug
gests to me to sav a (ew word in review. I do
say that I assailed Blaine at the time oa In
sufficient evidence and had hardly made the
Uht against him until the understanding
came to me that I had been too swift in con
demnation. There were three Re publican
editor who at Cincinnati in 187S attacked
Blaine and have been rosTetrol ever sine Mr.
Joseph Media Mr. Richard Smith and myself.
A for myself I reel that I did Blaine a wrong
then in being so perpendicular. I leaned back
ward. Be wa so pleasing a man that I re
sisted his facslnating qualities too stren
uously to be Quite fair to htm. The
tact that he wa irresistible stimulated oppo
sition and animated antagonism. Perhaps the
paradox doe not seem to you wholly irrational
or incredible. Take the Mulligan letter aad
when Blaine had read them In the house there
were two stories told without ceasing that for
a time broke tbe force of his wonderful vindi
cation One was that he did not read the right
package and another that the important let
ter were missing. Both are confessions that
Blaine was wronged by hi accusers The
mugwump never ceased to say that the mis
sing letters would be supplied.
Blaine ran for President Some soraps were
scattered from pi toon holei, but tMy weakened
the ease against Bla e instead of strengthen
ing It There v . no mlsslnr letter of the
least conseqr. , but his enemies multiplied
them in t minds. If Mr. Blaine had
been an ed lawyer forty times what
he was ged with could have been
made vir s a "fees " He wa most rudely
attacked ty lawyer and poets. The latter
colored misinformation with fancy. The former
d started the truth professionally. . I gave tor a
little while too much credit to the Indictment
of fancy and the argument ot distortion. I
your experience so happy that you do net
know how it was, or I yourself t I have loved
James O. Blaine and believed In him for fifteen
years. His death ia to me a personal less. It
la a public misfortune Shall an episode of er
ror in the estimation of evidence oondemn me
to silence when he is in his grave and it is in
my heart and head and hand te '- him Justice f
I think not Men Iautead,
Brooklyn, N. V., February 5, 1
NOT A PASSENGER KILLED.
A Santa Fe Train Goes Through a Trestle
Near Baring, Bio.
Kansas Crrr, Mo., Feb. 13. The
second section of passenger train No.
8 on the Santa Fe leaving Chicago at
10 o'clock last night and due in Kan
sas City at 13:10 to-day, was wrecked
this morning at Baring, Mo. The
train went through a trestle near the
station and the first two coaches were
precipitated through the wood work
and to the ground, a dis
tance of forty or fifty feet. The third
coach, which was a sleeper, caught
by one end of the trestle work in a
vertical position. There were five pas
sengers in the sleeper who were thrown
to the forward and lower end of the
car, but were saved from injury and
death by the heavy cushions. Not a
passenger on the entire train was
killed and none were seriously injured.
The track will be blockaded for at
least forty-eight hours.
Kansas Appointments. "
Topeka, Kan., Feb. 13. Governor
Lewelling this morning announced the
appointment of J. F. Todd, to be labor
commissioner, succeeding Frank H.
Betton. The office pays $1,000 a year.
Todd is editor of the Industrial
Advocate of Eldorado and is
a prominent Knight of Labor.
Governor Lewelling says that he has
recommended to Todd the appoint
ment of A. C. Baker of Junction City
to succeed C A. Henrie as chief clerk,
and it goes without saying that this
will be done. The place also pays
$1,000 a year.
W. II. Nelson has bought the inter
est of his partner, J. Q. Royce, in the
Smith Center Pioneer Bulletin. Nel
son was State Treasurer Stoker's assist
ant Boyce is now reading clerk in
the Bepublican house.
Legislators Must Get Up Earlier.
Jefferson City, Mo., Feb. 13.In
the house a resolution was adopted to
meet at 9 o'clock in the future, Mon
days excepted. The house bill re
straining goats from running at large
was defeated on third reading.
Speaker pro tem Stuart's bill render
ing void contracts entered into by
fruit growers with swindling nursery
agents was passed, and a few min
utes later Speaker Mabrey s bill em
powering the railroad commissioners to
regulate the charges of express com
panies was read a third time and
passed, together with an emergency
clause with but two votes in opposi
tion. Grist of Green and Pachall of St
Louis, - ' -
Topeka, Kan., Feb. 13. Secretary
Mohler of the agricultural department
has received reports from a part of the
itate which say that i the wheat crop
throughout the western half of the
itate is in fine condition, while the
crop in the eastern counties is injured
an uplands where there is no snow.
Generally the crop is reported in fair
xmditioa and has not been injured by
freeziGg and thawing.
Aa Oklahoma Financier Arrested.
St. Joseph, Mo., Feb. 13. H. H.
Wyckoff, the alleged absconding man
ager and treasurer of the National
toan and investment company of Ok a
noma City, Ok., was arrested here this
noming by Sheriff Carson on a war
rant issued at Oklahoma City on the
itrength of an indictment
Pittsburo, Pa., Feb. 13.v Henry
tSauer and Cir1 Noid, the anarchists
sharged with being aocessories before
' fact to the attempted assassination
f II. C Frick. chairnan of the Carnegie
iteel compasy, was found guilty as
. Confess to a Murd-r.
Kansas Citv, Mo., Feb. 13. Henry
Jotchinson, colored, was. this after
loon arrested by ( aptain Hum of
ttation No. 2 and a chanre of murdor
il.iced against him UuUhinson ecn
'esseti to havinsr kille I a co ored girl
tamed Hertha Fisht-r in Chirasro
i w rTO. Pre.
i.Y. ROLSE, VkPr.
THE FARMERS IIUTUAL IHSURMCE CO.
INSURES ONLaY FARM PROPERTY
PARMERS, we invite your attention to the Farmers' Mutual Insurance.
Company of Nebraska, If you are in want of Insurance yon can not
afford te Insure in any other company, and if you do not want Insurance
now, write and get a copy of our By-laws and Constitution and learn what wt
are doing anyway,
Remember we are for Farmers only.
Room 407 Brae UwlMTng.
OBTAIN CHICAGO PRICES FOR AIL Y0H2
u,m-,e-0U,l"tl"1,,p Butter' Veal, Hay, Grain,
Wool, Hide. Boana, Broom Corn, Croon and Dried Fruits, VeeotstMoe. mt
aaytalaf rou have to us. The fact that jou atar have been selling- these artasles a horn
for rears is ae reason that yon should continue to do so if rou can and a better market. W
sake a ipecialtj of reoel vin shipments direct from FARdCRS AMB FMt)DtfCSS.
aad prebabbj have the largest trad la this way ef say house la this market. Walls yes
are looklna; around for the oheapeot auurket la which to boy your feeds, and fhus timrrmlt
lot la that way, It will certainly pay vou to five some attention to the best and meet pro
able way efdlspeeinf of your produce. W invite oarreper denoe from UTOIVIBUALbV
ALLIANCES, CLUBS, and all erganlsatioas who desire to ship their preduo street Is
this market, if requested, we will send yon free ef charge ear daily market report, st
plot direction and such lafonaatioa as will be ef service to you. If yea eeo template ship
ping. When so reauosted proceeds for shipmeats will be deposited to the credit of the ship
per with any wholecai bouse la Chicago. Let aa hear frent you, --
SUIIIIERS IIOBBIOOIT & Go.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 174 South Witsr Street Ch!ci;a.
Reference; MttropoHun National Bank. Chicago.
f NORTH BEND NURSERIES.
LAROI SUPPLY OP
V Trees, Plants, Ornamental Trees, Shrubs C? Evergreen
Large 8tock of Beet Old and New sorts of Strawberry Plants.
rest Trees tbrcCUten at Lew Prteee. Write for SPECIAL prices on large eraers. I
tabllshed in m. Send for price list to MOKTtl TtAVi KbMKHIES,
Inrth Bead. Duties lieeetT. Ksbteoka.
ALLRN ROOT. Stock Agent, Nebraska Str.le ' J. W. William,
Farmers' Alliano. tifflc aad yinanolal st'gr. OanUHalosman.
OS), a. BBOWV,
Bog Bale sa.
SHIP YOUR OWN STOGK.
ALLEN ROOT AND COMPANY,
LIVE SfOCK COUUISSIOn MCHAM,
South Omaha, Neb., Room 220 Exchange Cu&Sn..
Before Ton Ship Send for the Market
Rbvbmkcm: First National Bank of Omaha; Packers VaMenal Bank, Omaha: Oeeaaierrial
National Bank, Omaha ; National Savings and Hzchange Bask, Omaha) Central City Bank, Ceotxal
firshrppers can draw sight draft on ns for W per cent ef eest, bill ef lading aaiaebed.
WESTFALL COM. CO.
Legal representatives of Kansas
6tate Alliance and well known in Nebraska. Our specialty Car Loada Of
Potatoes Onions, Apples, Cabbage. Hay and Oats. Wo also
have a heavy fame trade in Nebraska and Wyoming. We have aa established
trade for all the above mentioned artioefl, and by shipping direct to us yon will
get all the value there is In the goods. Write for prices and shipping instruc
tions. Reference: Metropolitan National Bank, Kansas City, Mo.
WEST FALL COMMISSION CO.
dOft Walnut lfiirMi Cltv Rio.
$1 1 .76
Will buy a ,
TWELVE YARD PATTERN
In the New Spring Shades of
38 inch Sublime Silk "Warp, all colors, . . . . QQ
38 inch All Wool Whip Cord in Change- OR
ableCk)lors. ............. ..........
' 40 inch All Wool Suitings. Spiiag Styles . . 0Q
46 inch All Wool Satin Finish German Hen- 00
rietta in all colors .................. '"
40 inch Engluh Serge, Changeable colors. . jjQ
Samples eheerfnUj swat H out-oMovr wairtmrrs -
HAYDEN 5ROS.. "
CORNER THIRTFEHTH AND M STREETS. LINCOLN. NEE
Three blacks frnra Capital bwildin Ltooola's bhw-, aeett ana best
up-town hoVl. Elfhty new room jut onmplwted. tneltirtlef larre eoaaaaitte
room, making 150 rnowta In all. t,f A. L HOOVKR aOX. Prop'"
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