The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894, December 22, 1892, Image 4

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    THE
Consolidation of the
farmers illiance5ebnsh Indcpcnfles!
Published Evert Tdcbsdat bt
Tee Alliance Publishing Co
Oor.Uth and M BU., Lincoln, Neb.
MUD Of DIUCTB1.
O. Hull Pre. J. M. TBoaraoa. Sec'
S. Ed. Thokmtom, V. P. J. P. Mamas, Treat
U. H. riKTLB.
Subscription Oke Dollar peb Yea
8. Ed win Tbobktoh Managing Edttoi
Cb i. H. Piktli BuRloeMi Manager
a A. Murray Advertising- My ;
N. I P. A.
OUR AVERACE
Circulation for Six Months
Ending Sept. 20th,
22,034.
Publishers Announcement.
The subscription price of the Atxiaifca-lN
dbpkhdent u (i.vu per year, invariably in ad
vauce. Paper will be promptly dlMcoDtlnued
at expiration of time paid for nnletut we re-
celv eorderti to continue.
Agents in soliciting subscriptions should be
very caretui mat ail names are correctly
pelled and proper poKtotllce given. Rlank
for return subscriptions, return envelopes,
tc can ce naa on application to this omce,
Always sign your name. No matter how
often you write us do not neglect this import
ant maitr. Every week we receive letters
with Incomplete audretwes or without Hlirna
tures and It Is BoinelliiMs difficult to locate
Uem.
CHAfGior addrkss. Subscribers wishing
vj mange uieir pomomee aauress must always
give their former as well as i heir present ad-
aresH when change will be prompt v made.
Address all letters and make all remit tances
payable to this ALLIANCE PUli. CO.,
Lincoln, Neb,
To Eenew Yonr Subscription, and Get
The Alliance-Independent Free
for one Week.
STAND BY THE PEOPLE'S CAUSE,
And Support the Paper That Fights
Your Battlei You Can't Afford
to Miss a Single Issue.
The success of tho people's movement
depends largely on the faithful and
liberal support of the papers that ad
vocate its principles. The liberal sup
port the people have given Thk Alliance-Independent
during the past
year has enabled it to make the great
est campaign fight in its history.
We are not going to stop because the
campaign is over. Wo are going right
on with the fight. All we ask is a con
tinuation of this liberal support. 4
WK MUST EDUCATE
be lovel,nf Jhel'i'wond increase our
e otepTTave never heard of a
tneajader" 0f The Alliance
j naA DENT going back to the old
&s. The . loyal independent
workers can do nothing that will help
our cause more than to increase our
list of readers. And now is tho best
time to do It,
The farmers and laboring men have
their best opportunity to read in the
long evenings of the fall and winter
months.
To induce all our old subscribers to
renew, and to secure a large number of
new subscribers, we make the follow
ing LIBERAL OFFER:
For one dollar we will send The
Alliance-Independent till January
1st, J894; in clubs of five or more for
80 cents. Hoping to hear a prompt
and
liberal response to this offer we
are
Yours for justice.
The A lliance Pub. Co.,
Lincoln, Neb.
' MEREY GHRISTMaS
We wish all the readers of The
Alliance-Independent a merry
Christmas. May they all be filled with
good cheer and rich things to eat.
May Santa Claus stop at every house
and leave something nice for the chil
dren. We wish to thank in advance all
those of our subscribers who remember
The Alliance-Independent with a
renewal as a Christmas gift.
THREE CONVENTIONS.
Last week three conventions of county
officers were held in Nebraska: The
convention of sheriffs at Fremont, the
convention ol cleiks of the district court
at the same place, and the convention
of county clerks at Lincoln. In each
gathering matters, methods, and laws
that are of special interest to the vari
ous county officers were discussed, and
some excellent recommendations were
made. Committees were appointed to
look after legislation.
It will be well for the members of the
legislature, while they give fair heed to
recommendations from such sources, to
keep a close eye on any movement for
longer terms and increased salaries.
County officers like most other people
are looking out for number one.
A meeting of voters of the indepen
dent party will be held at Independent
headquarters Thursday evening, De
cember 22d, at 7 o'clock: p. m., corner
Eleventh and M streets. All are in
vited.
The republicans of Douglass county
tried to hire V. O. Strickler as one of
their attorneys in the contest over
seats in the legislature It is hardly
necessary to add that Mr. Strickler
didn't bite at the tempting bait held
m
THE QUESTION OF TAXES-
It is high time tho people of tie
United States applied tbeir minds 1
icircful study f taxation. It is the
one great question that directly and
perpetually concerns everybody
Hence at all times it, in some form
constitutes one of the chief political
issues.
In the United States the question of
national taxation has for many years
formed the principal issue between the
two great political parties. Yet a large
majority of the people are in a stite of
profound and comprehensive ignorance
on the subject And most of those wb
are not in this state lire in a worse one
Their minds are filled with fallacies
distorted fact'?, confused ideas, and
blind devotion to the doctrines of their
repective parties.
That this state of things should
prevail Is not at all surprising. The
question of national taxation has not
been discussed on its merits. Public
attention has been directed, not to the
real question, but to a perveision of the
principle of taxation.
The real ques' ion is: "What is the
best and fairest method of raising nec
essary revenue?"
The question that has been discussed
by the political parttes is this: "Is it
fair, and proper for tho government to
levy taxes with a view to protecting
and assisting certain domestic indus
tries?"
But with all the discussion but few
peoplo understand the real merits of
this question, and no wonder. The
discussion has been marked by eo much
misrepresentation, demagoguery. ap
peals to narrow selfishness and preju
dice that it has confused and partyized
the people instead of educating them
The discussion has in fact derived
nearly all its force as a political issue,
not from the interest or inquiry of the
people, but from the efforts of capital
ists whose selfish interests are affected
by levying import duties.
It is true that from tim to time cer
tain writers and speakers Lave tried to
stir up popular interest in t he real ques
tion of taxation. But they created not a
ripple on the surface of the political
sea, while the tariff and free trade
tempest has swept the political sea in
to billows mountain-high. Here are a
few of the many false notions, and
absurdities involved in the current
discussions of the tariff: ..'
The democratic party is continually
referred to as a "free trade party," It is
nothing of the kind. Free. Jt-ade in its
fullest sense means a toj&i abolition of
custom houses. Itmeans that any
cltizeft 0f a nation shall befree to buy
anything in any foreign nation and
bring it into his own country free of
duty. The democrats advocate noth
ing of this kind. They have talked a
good deal about abolishing protection
and levying tariffs solely with a view
to raising revenue, but they do not pro
pose to do even that,
We hear political writers and stump
speakers talk learnedly about "frea
trade periods, "and "protection periods"
in our history. This is ridiculous
demagoguery. Since Washington
signed the first tariff bill, we have had
no free trade period in this country.
The period between 184G and 13t s
often referred to as a free trade period.
It is true that during that period, we
had a lower tariff than since or im
mediately before, but it is also true
that during that period we had protec
tive tariffs on an immense number of
articles, and higher tariffs on an aver
age than those now levied in any other
country in the world.
There are those who reach a climax
of absurdity by seriously talking about
a "free trade tariff 1"
England is frequently pointed to as a
free trade nation." Now it is true
that England doesn't levy duties for
protective purposes, but she docs levy
them for revenue purposes. England
has a tariff on tea, tobacco, rum,
brandy and other articles, and on these
articles Her Majesty's government col
lects $100,000,000 per year. No Eng
lishman can bring a pound of tea,
coffee, or tobacco into his native land
without paying a tariff duty on it.
When England abolishes her custom
houses, it will be time enough to call
her a free trade nation.
The claims that duties are levied to
make "the foreigners pay our taxes;"
that the object of a tariff is to "re
duce the price of goods," and "to en
able manufacturers to pay higher
wages," are of modern origin. Alex
ahder Hamilton, the father of protec-
tion in this country, never thought of
fathering such demagogic absurdities
Neither did Clay or Webster the great
tariff champions of a later period. Such
claims have become current of late
years because of the necessities of the
protected interests, the "gall" of the
politicians, and the apathy and cred
ulity of the people.
But there is a prospect of a change.
With tho advent of the people's party,
popular interest in the real question of
taxation is arising. A vast number of
people look upon the discussion of
tariff and free trade as a sort of sham
battle between the two dominant
parties, encouraged by the money
power of the world to divert attention
from other questions that are of vast
importance. The "income tax" is now
attracting a good deal of attention,
and bids fair to
attract much more.
FT"'y,,.Geor'e'6
single-tax doctrines
are steadily gainitg adherents. The
1ax on inheritances" has begun to be
agitated.
Thei ditor of The Alliance-Inds
penwext believes this to be a propiti
ous time to agitate the question of
taxation A number of articles on the
subject ill app 'ar in these columm in
the near future.
THE "PUZZLE "
The Oraaba Bee of December 15, has
an editorial on the "Wheat Supply
Puzzle," in which occurs the following
Accord in? to the last government re
port the average price of wheat is 61.2
cent. 1 he next lowf st price was 04.5
cents in 1884. while at this time last
year it was 83.9 cents Not only is it
lower now than ever before 6ince
statis'ics began to be collected on the
subject, but it is about 20 cents lower
than last year's figure, wh ch was not
considered hitch enough to give the
farmer more than a fair return.
Pow the shippers, board of trade
men, option dealers, bulls, bear?, and
exporters may be considerably puzzled
over the wheat supply and the low
prices. But the really 6crlous puzzle
regarding the matter is in the minds
of the western farmers. And their
puzzle is this: "With our farms and
chattels heavily mortgaged, how are
we going to keep our heads above
water by raising wheat at or below the
cost of production?"
If Mr. Kosewater and other prosperity
shrfekers will be kind enough to work
out this puzzle for the farmers, thev
will lift a great burden from the minds
of western producers.
The "good ruads" agitation goes
merrily on Subsidized plutocratic
snoets great anu smaii Keep up a con
tinual harping on good roads. Some of
the great metropolitan dailies run
cartoons showing up the disadvantages
of bad roads. And what is all this for?
Is it in the interest of the producing
masses? Does it arise from a patriotic
desire to advance the general welfare?
Not at all. It Is to divert the minds
the people from the railroad ques
tion and the money question. It is to
secure the issue of county and district
bonds in which the Shy locks of this
country and Europe may invest. The
strongest advocates of good roads are
m-n who are opposed to government
OwcEp-STTft) orra!fwavsfX2?in2J3 Of
pilver, the abolition of trusts, the pre
vention of option dealing and every
other great measure of reform agitated
by the people. Let the people beware
how they fall in line under such leader
ship,
A Good Suggieti. n.
The postmaster general adopts an
excellent suggestion made some years
ago, we believe, by the New York
Times, to the effect that the govern
ment have "postal-card money orders"
on sale at every post-office In the
United States. This would enable
persons who wished to send small sums
by mall to purchase postal-card money
orders, just as now they purchase
stamps. As a matter of fact they do
purchase stamps, to use as money, and
send stamps by mail. It would be far
better to send an order on a postal
card to the post-office at Louisville to
pav a certain sum of money to tho
order of the recipient. These cards
could only be obtained by payment as
stamps are obtained, and the govern
ment would incur no risks, Courier-
Journal.
Next week's paper will be full of good
things.
OPPOSED TO 1T3 REPEAL.
The Bi-Metallic League Resolves
Againt the Repeal of the Sher
man Law,
Washington, D. C, Dec. 15. At its
meeting today the following resolution
was adopted by the executive com
mittee of the American bi-metainc
league: '
Resolved, That the repeal of the act
of July 14, 1890, which authorizes the
yearly purchase of 54 000,000 ounces of
silver bullion, and the issue of legal
tencter treasury notes thereon, without
substituting other legislation favoring
b'.-metallie coinage, would leave our
monetary system precisely as it was
under the demonetizing act of 1873, and
thus deprive bi-metallism of all tho
advantage gained in twenty years of
earnest effort.
Resolvf d, That we are unequivocally
opposed to any change ia the existing
law, unless in furtherance of free bi
metallic coinage. To this end we urge
all friends of free bi-metallic coinage
to use every legitimate means in their
power to prevent the repeal of the act
of July 14, 1890, unless free bi-metalllc
coinage or legislation more favorab'e
thereto than the present law ba sub
stituted at the same time and in the
same act.
Koine More Figures,
A republican sheet boasts that in 1892
the average republican vote in Nebraska
was 80,450; tho average democratic
vote was 47,201; and the average inde
pendent vote 62,238. Accepting those
figures as true, it shows Nebraska is to
day anti-rormWicsn y 28.989. In 1868
th" nvc'"M:-- republican majority was
?.?27 o i tlie state ticket: in 1870 it was
? 478; in 1872 It was 5,316; in 1874 it was
8,018; in 187C It was 11,670; 1878 it was
0 521; in 1880 it was 23,129; it 1882 the
republicans lacked 2,088 of having a
majority of the votes cast; in 1884 the
vote of the state had increased over 44
000, and the republicans secured a ma
jority of 15,115: in 1886 the majority
was i3,673; in 1888 it was 5,000; la 1890
it wiped out entirely and in the year
1892 the vote shows an anti-republican
majority of 23,989 World-Herald.
SOME MONOPOLY STUFF
Washington, D. C, Dec. 9, '92
Editor Alliahck-Independent:
Enclosed find sample, of the stuff
eastern monopolists mail to us. These
fellows forget to tell us of the price
paid for live cattle.
Please publish the enclosed circular
letter with comments.
Yours for justice,
W. A. McKeighan,
Trusts and Combinations.
Ex-Senator Edmunds who during hi
official capacity as senator reported
irom the senate judiciary committee
what is known as the Sherman an'i
trust law, has recently expressed the
opinion thai the provision of that bill
are constitutional, and if enforced,
would put an end to all trust and com
binatious. We concede the point made
by ex-Senator Edmunds, but laws even
if new, art; sometimes UDjust and in'
eqritable. Wo believe the Sherman
auti-trubtlaw a menace to prosperity
ana advance oi tne commercial inter
ests of America.
fresent economical conditions are
very different from thoso of thirty-
years ago, owing to tne revolutio
wrought by 6team, electricity, the di
vision of labor, steel rails and other
modern inventions. Most of existing
law was iramed to meet former coudi
lions and therefore is not calculated to
tecure to the people the full benefits of
tne newer economy. Kecent laws fail
to take into account the economic
value of modern invention.
.x-benator Edmunds fails to note
inat open competition is unfair
competition, that it means
bankrupt manufacturers, piorlv
paid worKmen and a check upon the
expansion of new industries.
trusts and combinations tend to
regulate competition and place it on a
lair and equitable b isis, so that Indus
trie? are ma le profitable. If wages are
no nigher, they become stable, and eai
ployment is given to workmen for t
longer average time than under free or
unfair competition
What the country needs is a revision
of such old laws on the stitue books as
stand in the way of progress, and new
laws to regulate trusts and com bin a
Hons instead of wiping them out of ex
istence, as Senator Sherman and Ex-
Senator Edmunds think desirable.
Great legal minds may know existing
law and whether new aets are constitu
tionai or not, but sometimes they are
lacking in a practical knowledge of
trade and commerce, such as would
give them a very different idea of the
measures which they advocate. We
believe that any law framed to prevent
the combination of capital is not for
the gool of the masses. The evils
wtich are launched against trusts and
oIErJCaiJpns are largely imaginary,
and the war which is constantly waged
against them is kept up by enemies
and those who seek to make capital by
posing as reformers.
We regard it better for the interests
of the United Stttes at large that the
great corporations, such as the Phila
delphia and Reading, that are engaged
in mining and distributing coal, should
be allowed to regu'ate their affairs so as
to receive a fair return for their servi
ces. The proposition made by Mr. Mc
Leod, of the Reading Co., to undertake
the distribution of coal direot to the
consumer, means a saving or Zo to &0
cents per ton. The distribution of iron
by consolidated capital is one of the
greatest economic blessings that this
country ever received. By it crude
Iron and steel are manufactured into
structural iron and steel at a profit to
maker of 81 per ton, whereas if the
work were dependent upon fmall shops
it could not be done for $10 per ton,
which would practically be prohibitory
over a large portion of the country.
At one time there was a tremendous
hue and cry against the meat packers
in Chicago. Laws were passed by seve
ral of the States forbidding the sale of
tbeir product within the borders of tho
State. This proves that legislation is
sometimes wrong, for these laws weru
quickly repealed. The people are now
satisfied that they are getting better
beef, with quality more uniform, so that
they are willing to give Messrs Armour
Swift and others one-tenth of 1 cent per
pound, or 75 cents to $1 per bullock pro
tit for slaughtering and distributing the
products The individual butcher could
not afford to supply the market at any
thing like the profit sought by the
packers in Chicago.
Why Senator S-lerman or ex-Senator
Edmunds should strive to deprive tho
people of one of the great blessings
they have is a mystery we are unable
to solve. The people are frequently
wrong in tbeir first view of new ques
tions. All reforms come slowly and
foment opposition. We realize that
abuses may grow up under trusts and
combinations, but they should be reach
ed by law In the same way as the State
supervises the operations oi nantcs ana
insurance companies. From the Ameri
can Grocer, Nov. 30, 1892.
Note: The above certainly fur
nishes an excellent text for extended
comments, but on account of our visit
to Grand Island this week, we are
unable to write the subject up as it
deserves. We therefore reserve the
subject for a full discussion in a future
issue. Those among our readers who
are nationalists will find in the article
strong confirmation of the views set
forth by their great, leader, Edward
Bellamy. Indeed It is hard for anyone
to see how tho evil of trusts and com
binationscan be cured in any other
way than by government ownership of
every industry in which free competi-
every
tion fails.
An AUKlr.illitn Fowl.
gThe Australian jungle fowl (Mega
podius Tumulus) makes its nest in
the shape of earth mounds of pro
digious size, one of which measured fif
teen feet in perpendicular height and
having a circumference of 150 feet.
These heaps are placed under shelter,
and often so enveloped in foliage
that in spite of their great size, they
can scarcely be discovered.
The Spread of Hoopsklrtt.
In Spain about 1GS0, the hoopskirts
became so monstrous that an edict
was issued commanding their reduo
tion and ordering the confiscation of
hoopskirts above the regulation size.
The attempts to carry out the edict
caused innumerable riots and wer
finally abandoned.
What ia Money?
Editor Alliance Lvdei-endext:
In answer to thb "question what is
money?" let me say:
Money in this country is a product of
the government acting through con
gressunder the;constitution. the su
preme law. See article 1, section 8,
sub division 5
Congress shall have power to com
money resruKte tho value thereof, and
of foreign coins, and fix the standard
of weights and measures.
Money and weights and measures are
devices provided by a law of congre?
to enable perrons to readily transact
business Money to be use i in measur
ing values, weights and measures to
measure qualities.
nothing is said in the constitution
about what kind of material ot which
either money or weights and measures
shall be male.
Congress might provide that all de
vices for weighing and measuring be
maie of gold or silver, woul-1 that in
any way render ihem more useful? Is
there not just as much goed sense in
insisting ihat these standard devices
shall be of gold, as to insist that the
money standard shall be of gold coin?
The only useful thing that money can
perform is in measuring values in the
transaction of business.
The power of making money in this
country should nevwr be exercisud but
by soverign authority, which alone has
the right to clothe it with legal tender
quxiities, and make it auswer all the
purposes for which money is intended
Congress has this power and has the
right to make money out of anything
it may choose, and when it exercises
this power by stamping a piece of paper
as money, it is money, and there is no
brancn of this government individual
or combination of individuals can de
feat its purpose.
It would seem an act of folly for con
gress to employ expensive material in
making mouey, if it had to Incur great
xpenses in so doing, it is the duty of
Dngre.'s to make all the money necess
ary to readily expedite business, and
provide a way to get it into the hands
oi tne people woo use it, as directly as
possible without the intevention of
money mongers who take tribute from
all who havi to deal with them.
The loaniag of money to the people
on rem estate security is the most feasi
ble plan yt presented.
Willford, Neb. J. M. KING.
Revision of the Australian Ballot
Law.
Editor Alliance-Indkpemdent:
Since your explanation of the Indiana
law concerning the printing of the
ticket I have a new idea which came to
my mimi only last evening. It is this:
Print the ticket same as the Indiana
ticket in columns. If a man is nomi
nated by two parties let his name ap
pear in two columns unless two parties
iiave the same ticket from top to bottom
In such a case one column would
answer the puVpose. Head the ticket
with a proper emblem the Indiana em
blem suits very well. Now if a man
wants to vote the straight ticket allow
him to designate that intention with
an A in a square or circle which is te
appear under the emblem or by the
heading of the ticket. But to meet the
obligations ia yonr "No 26" concerning
the "mixed voting" on the way I will
suggest this: If for example a man
wants to rate for nearly all tne men of
the democratic ticket allow aim to
make the X at the head of his ticket,
and if he wants to vote for, say an in
dependent governor as in the last elec
tion allow aim to make another A in
the square after the governor's name
and so on. Then in recording the vetes
the judges would ba obliged to first ex
amine the whole ticket and as m tne
the case above stated they would read
the names of all democrats extepting
those wbere a candidate of another
party had an X after his name. This
would give ample opportunity tor every
voter to use discreation, and he could
vote in far less time than if he had to
ma- k every name he wanted to vote for
1 do not think this way of voting would
be unconstitutional, it would surely be
logal if our legislators would make that
law.
But another fact I want to call at
tention to. I was reminded of this
hen I heard one of last and also pres
ent legislators speak on the subject in
public The gentleman said aoout tni9:
1 believe tne law snouid ne cnanged
so as not to compel the voter who wants
assistance to take this assistance from
the 'board of the election' but that he
can take with him into the booth any
qualified voter." He said he wanted to
avoid by the cnange compelling lor
instance, a prohibition voter to have a
republican judge or clerk to fill his
ticket as he would be u tne wnoie
board were republicans. The prohibi
tionist would not be certain that he
voted his sentiments.
Now this looks plausible at the first
sijzht, but it is all wrong, when you ex
amine it closer. By changing the law
in this way we would take away the
secrecy of it altogether and men could
easily dictate to their subordinates
whom they were to take
with them into the booth and tickets
would be fixed by unsworn men to suit
the taste of the bosses. I say leave
that clause as it is, for if we change the
printing of the ticket there will be but
very few who cannot vote without
assistance.
Another paragraph should say that
all tickets should be printed with the
same kind of type and not in different
sizes as was the case in Congressman
McKeighan's distrct. My idea is
justice to all parties and preference to
none. i. w- iohmann.
Ex-Governor St. John.
On last Wednesday evening, ex-Gov
ernor John P. St. John, the great pro
hibition orator and lecturer spoke to a
packed house at Funke's opera house.
He spoke with his usual force, eloquence
and humor. He made many telling
points against the two old parties. He
said the g. o. p, had received its death
blow, and predicted that there would
be a grand land-slide to the prohibition
party in the near luture.
He claimed that the party of the
future would be for government owner
ship of railroads, free coinage of silver
greenbar ks, obilition ef trusts, etc , but
that prohibition would be the leading
issue.
GKANGEHS
They Hold
Meeting
Their Annual State
in the "Midway
Cit"
They Adot a Petition te the Legislature,
Asking fcr the Passage of a
Stringent Freight Rate Law.
The annual session of the Nebraska
State Grange met in the city hall, Kear
ney, Tuesday afternoon December 13tht
at 1 o'clock.
The decorations of the hall were
beautiful. Flags of all nations were
displayed around the walls. Around
Gen. Kearney's bust were two large
American flags. Above it hung a large
portrait of Washington. Beneath,
worked with corn and wheat, were the
words "Our Grange." Suspended in
the center of the hall, were a plow, hoe,
spade and other agricultural imple
ments and tacked on them wa the in
scription, "First Products of the Kear
ney Plow Factory."
The work Tuesday afternoon was
secret. It consisted in the appoint
ing of committees.
In the evening various resolutions
were discussed.
The first was a memorial to congress
asking for the free and unlimited
coinage of American silver.
The next was a memorial to the leg
islature demanding a stringent maxi
mum freight rate law.
A resolution demanding a law prohi
biting the alien ownership of land.
A resolution favoring a graduated
income tax .
All these resolutions were discussed
at length and all favorably. They
were then referred to the proper com
mittees and afterward adopted entire.
Wednesday morning the meeting was
public and was participated in by the
mayor and council of Kearney. Mr. G
11. Cutting acted as chairman. The
exercises were opened by the rendering
of two beautiful selections by the Midr
way Military band. Mayor Brady was
then introduced and delivered the
welcoming address. In point of literary
ability it was a gem. Response by G.
Willis of the Grange, followed and
next City Attorney W. D. 01dhm
made one of his characteristic speeches.
This was responded to by State Master
O. I. Hall. Next Nathan Campbell
made a few remarks and Secretary
Cantlin of the Grange, responded. It
was then noon and the body adjourned
for dinner.
Wednesday afternoon a free carriage
ride over the city was given the dele
gates.
On fnday the election of officers
occurred. The following officers were
elected for the ensuing two years:
Master, O. K. Hail, Pawnee City;
overseer, John Bligh, Palisade; lectur
er, G. L. Willis, Gibbon; steward, A
Jobe, Tekamah; assistant steward.
R. Hanson, Curtis; chaplain, J. M.
Williams, Culbertson; treasurer, A. M.
Boose, Varona; secretary, J. R. Cant
ling, Webster; gate keeper, R. Cassons,
Orleans; pomona sister, F. M. Hall,
Pawnee City; flora 6ister, L. A. Cant
ling, Webster; ceres sister, M. Bligh,
Palisade; lady assistant steward, Sister
Anna Linden, Blair; installing officer.
H. Jeger, Craig; assistant installing
officer, L R Fletcher, Blair; executive
committee, two years, W. T. Berry,
Tekamah; chairman, L. R. Fletcher,
Ulair. Kearney Standard.
WHEAT RAISERS ARE ROBBED.
Dakota Farmers Sell Wheat for 48
Cents Which Sells for $1.16 in
Liyerpool--Who Gets the Dif
ference in the Deal?
We repeat over and over again the
facts regarding export profits, so that
our people may become familiar with
them.
The tens of thousands of farmers of
Dakota, who have bidden a mortgage-
farewell to their homes with a hungry
stomach and a broken heart want to
now what part of the tragedy has
been taken by 48c. wheat and as the
lake shipping season is closing we shall
tell them. As the welfare of only
about ten millions of a mixed popula
tion are concerned in this way we do
not expect the political papers to pay
attention to anything we may say.
The wheat selling for 48c. in Dakota
sells for $1.16 on 'Change in Liverpool.
This was the price as late as Novem
b'r7th. Have you any idea of how
little it costs to get that wheat to
Liverpool? Let us see:
The profit on every bushe) of the'"
wheat of the northwest, the past
season, has been from twenty to forty
cents per bushel. On soft grades it
has been from twenty to thirty cents
FREIGHT.
Dakota to Dnluth or CMrapro 1
Chieaga to Dulutta or BufTalo,
ayeraue of charters f ron !4 to 2c i u.
Bnffalo to New York, by the sworn ""
oOlrlal average o-
Cost of insurance commission, prim-
age, pottage, elevatorage, et rw
Total cost .-.rJX
Add prices paid to the farmer jfci
Total paid by robbers ii
Nov let us go over to Liverpool
Pultith. mixed to No. 2 spring, the Chicago
gambim g grade, 3fis , (qr. ) or! 1 08 per bushel
change' U6'
Liverpool prices ,
Cost delivered there ... . i?
Proat per'bus'hei .'. .', " ; 4
And yet we have heard farmer-fools
in Dakota, with the republican tattoo
the whole length of their spine, say that
they were 'satisfied with 50 cent wheatl'
Would to God that the lightnings of his
wrath were shod with Dakota pitch-forks.-Great
West. V
A Temperance Crocodile.
pled'eCOwie Which had 'en the
Pledge was recently shot on the
Dalniree river. Queensland.
creature's stomach contained a Fath!
er Mathew France medal dated