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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 8, 1892)
I FARM AND HOUSEHOL&
THE VARIOUS USEFUL QUALI-
TIES OF TREES.
CMnate, Food and liejnty of Landscape
Selling Hooey Seeri Meal -Poultry
Various t'sea of Tree.
A writer speaking1 about the impor
tance ol trees refers to their lo-al and
national effect upon climate, their
fruit and nut producing capacity for
food, their many qualities which fur
nish ornamentation and beauty to the
people and the landscape surrounding's
and their utility for fuel aud the com
mercial value of the wo 1. The selec
tion of the varieties is also of consider
able importance. For fuel any of
them have some value and for quick
(jrowth thoss of the least value must
often be chosen to meet the immediate
needs of the great plains, while the
more useful may be started to inet
the subsequent demand. Among1 the
first named may be mentioned the cotton-wood,
willow and box-elder, which
row in any climate. A list of the last
ta more important, m iy inciuue me
pk walnut. American whits ash,
u, ba wood, hard ami soft maple,
etc. F it trees of course, should
J always b among the tirst to plant.
'V. In refer ce to shade another writer
j4 6ays: Muc.i has bien said and writ
fl ten on this subject; even s-.tine of our
" mosteloquent writers have expressed
; their ideas as to what native tive pos-
sesses the highest quali ties, as a shade
, J tree on the lawn or front yard. Some
have named the silver poplar, the
white elm, and even that coarse-leaved
tree, the sycamore, as beiny admirably
I adapted for shade. The silver poplar
, is the worst tree to sprout from its
, roots that I ever knew. Its ramified
roots will extend for rod away from
the stem and send up a sprout at every
. nodule. It is really a nuisance and
, should never be planted close to dwell
ings, lhe white elm is of too large a
growth to embellish a beautiful "par
terre." The sycamore does not make
a thick, dense head; the leaves are
coarse and large and drop too soon in
the fall, and make too much litter.
I I were to recommend a tree that has
' the essential qualities of a good
itaaae tree i wouia invariaoiv name
the soft maple. It makes a
dense canopy; it has a fine
symmetrical contour, and has at
all times a stately gracefulness From
early spring to late autumn it retains
its density of foliage, and for beauti
ful and varied brilliant tints and
shades of color of the ripening leaves
in autumn, no tree, can equal it. It is
a cleanly tree, don't sprout, and
is not usually subject to insect dep
redators. It is one of our most hardy
trees, standing the most frigid weather
and the most torrid atmosphere of our
climate. It is easily transplanted,
and with good treatment is sure to
grow. Another quality is its sturdy
growth that the storms do not affect
If I were to choose another tree for
its qualities and beauty it would be
f, the sweet gum. This is a singularly
r beautiful tree and like the maple it
has its brilliant foliage in the fall. It
has a bright cleanly summer verdure
that cannot be excelled by any other
deciduous tree of the forest. It makes
a conical dense head, and is well
adapted as a tree for lawns or
avenues Journal of Agriculture.
The question of marketing the
honey is too often the most disagree
able feature of the business. Many
bee-keepers have studied the side of
the question which concerns the mak
ing of the honey, but they. have neg
lected to study the markets. To get
good prices for honey it is essential
that the fashions in honey packing
should be studied. The honey needs
to be put in small tases, and in attract
1 ive form. Inferior honey packed in
neat boxes will sell better than the
superior grades packed in large,
clumsy packages. The consumers are
tending more and more toward tho
small-packed arrangement for honey,
and the large, old-fashioned boxes are
Vi now nearly obsoleta The honey must
yQ gathered as soon as the season
closes, and be shipped at once to the
market The early stock always com
mands the best prices, for later the
glut will begin, and prices will drop
When the white honey season is
over, take the nectar from th4 hive
and place it in a room where the tem
perature is kept to about 9S degrees.
It will ripen in such a place as well as
in the hive, and there will ba less loss.
i; Honey left in the hive to ripen often
."fets stained and darkened by the bees.
Iwho begin to prepare for winter when
all comes. The sections should be
ade as clean as possible, and packed
neat crates. If each section is made
clean, and stamped with the owner's
name, it is sure to command a good
), Some markets for honey are much
higher than others, and it is well to
study the different ones before ship
ping it The nearer home that one
' can sell the honey, other things
" being equal, the better it is. It injures
the best honey to ship it far. It gets
travel stained and darkened. If there
' is no good market for it at the stores,
attempt to retail it to customers that
can be reached by wagon. 1 1 will
generally pay better than to send it to
some distant city where probably half
of it will be ruined. The five cents a
pound which commission merchants
demand for selling the honey, ind the
tcost of transportation will reduce the
profits very considerably, and if good
prices are not obtained there will be
Producers should know tho Talue of
their product Because honey was
high or low last season does not make
it so the present one. The prices
quotedjn the papers must bl' the crl-
tcriun. iirocrr wilt otten name the
lowest quotable price as to its value,
but the producer bhould have a mind
as well as the grocer. Place a value
upon the article, and if a ridiculously
low price i offered refuse it, and seek
other markets. It is in this way that
grocers advance their prices. They
must have the article., and if they can
not get it at their price they will se
cure it at an advance. American Cul
tivator. Danger id tired Meal.
As cotton seed meal is gradually
coining into us? as a valuable adjunct
to the ration for dairy cows, and as
the scarcity and consequent high price
of corn the preseut season tm mpt
some farmers to add this me to the
pig ration, it seems advisable to call
attention to bulletin 21 of the Texas
In this bulletin Director O. 1). Cur
tis reports the results of a long series
of experiments in feeding cotton seed
to pigs, from which he coma to the
conclusion that thera is no profit
whatever in feeding cotton seed in
any form to pigs, whether the seed ba
boiled, roasted or ground. The ground
seed seems to have produced the
worst results, causing the death with
in six toeight weeks of it large propor-
I turn of the pigs to which it wn fed,
j and espe.-ial' of the in -ilium and
i small-size ts. The bjiled seed
i was less is, but roasted seed
j was almost I as the meal.
These piirs w fed alongside of
similar pigs whic hud corn instead of
cotton seed, and t corn-fed pigi re
mained in perfect health. Tha symp
toms produced by the cotton seed are
described as follows-
The first sign of sickness, appearing
i:i from ti to H weeks after cotton seed
meal is added to the ration, is a mop
inar dullness of the animal with loss of
app-lite and tendency to lie apart.
Within the course of I'' to 3(5 hours,
often within the shorter tims, the
animal becomes restless; stagirering in
his gait; bre.ithing labored and spas
modic, barj skin sliD.vinx reddish in
Uauimation; sight defective, and both
I trie nervous and the muscular svstems
; feeble and abnormal i:i action. The
i f.ilal cases all show "thumps'' spas
! inodic breathing; and H many instances
the animal will turn i:i one directio.i
! only following a fea:e. or buildinif
j wall, so closely as to strike his nose
against projections in a vain endeavor
to push outward in that one direction
which he tries to take. If no fence or
building intercept him he may travel
in a cir.-le large or small according to
the mildness or acuteness of the mal
ady in his particular case. When ex
hausted by his efforts tha animal drops
down suddenly sometimes flat upon
his belly, sometimes dropping on his
haunches with his fore legs well apart
to keep from falling over almost al
ways with the evidence of more or
less acute internal pain. At death a
quantity of bloody foam exudes from
mouth and nostrils.
There is no idle season in poultry
Do away with all of the unprofitable
Spanish and leghorns are the best
The eggs from fifty hens will pay for
Milk and wheat make a good feed
for 5Toung chickens.
Money can often be made by feeding
cheap wheat to poultry.
When you begin to fatten, push the
fowls as fast as possible.
Wheu the hens stop laying, give
them a start by changing feed.
Select the pullets that look like your
best hens Jid at their age.
In selecting a number, try to have
them as uniform as possible.
Never select a rooster for breeding
with a drooping or "ewe" neck.
Gas tar will effectually destroy all
kinds of vermin in the poultry house,
Househo (1 Helps.
A scant cup of butter will often
make a lighter cake than a full cup.
It is stated that cheesa will not mold
if wrapped in a cloth wet with cider
A good way to clean stovepipes is to
rub them well with linseed oil while
they are warm.
Neatly worked darns and patches
have been discovered in the clothes
used in swathing some of the Egyptian
Cork that has been boiled may be
pressed more tightly into a bottle
than when it is cold.
Milk is better for being kept over
night in small tins than if a larger
quantity is kept over in one vessel.
A turkey when well cooked should
be evenly browned all over. Cranberry
sauce or currant jelly is the proper ac
companiment. It is better to keep baked pastry in
a cupboard rather than in a refrigera
tor, as it would be apt to get damp and
heavy in tho latter place.
If handkerchiefs embroidered in col
ors are soaked in a pail of water con
taining a spoonful of turpentine, fu
ture washings will not affect them.
To keep jellies from molding cover
them over with pulverized sugar to
the depth of a quarter of an inch.
They will keep for years if this is
To keep a high silk hat in fine con
dition use a pad made of velvet or
worsted plush, instead of a brush for
brushing it, smoothing it over with a
soft silk handkerchief frequently. If
any rough spots appear in the nap ap
ply a flatirou, not too hot, and smooth
them over, then use the pad and silk
China may be mended so strong that
it will never break again in the same
place. Make a thick solution of gum
arabic and water, and stir in some
plaster of paris until the paste is very
thick; apply it with a brush to the
edges of fcue- broken china and set them
carefolbr cwicr, tie a string around
UjirrV., ah wivav fnr thrA Ato .
THE RULING PASSION,
lie Drove a Hard lWrfnln With a Klnd
Some of the New York people are
not as liberal at they might b& A
wealthy man died last week Mr.
Lazarus Dives. He was very rich
and correspondingly close, accord
ing to Texas Sifting, lie was an ex
pert at driving a close bargain. Not
loug since, having been sick for sev
eral months, he became convinced
that his time had come. He made
his will disposing of his immense
fortune. He then sent for the under
taker. He had often noticed how
prone the average undertaker is to
take an unfair advantage financially
of the remains, so be determined not
to be swindled even after he was
The solemn looking undertaker en
tered the chamber of the invalid, and
they proceeded to discuss the appro
priation bill item by item. They
wrangled a good deal over the shroud,
as the undertaker wanted to make It
unnecessarily large and comfortable.
It was cut clown several yards until it
was a pretty tight fit, but tho charge
of seven dollars for ice exasperated
the prospective corpse more than any
Seven devils!" he exclaimed, sit
ting up in bed; -do you suppose I
am going to pay for all that ice? Are
you going to put me to the expense
of keeping mo on ico all summer?"
Jt will require seven dollars'
worth of ice to freeze your body pro
perly, " replied the undertaker.
I don't pay no seven dollars,
that's more than I pay for ice during
the entire season. I don't need any
such quantity of ice for roy remains."
Oh, yes. you da" replied the un
dertaker; "I uever use less than sev
en dollars' worth in freezing a still."
You have got to knock a dollar
on the ica" responded the invalid,
feebly, sinking bacic exhausted on
his pillow. I will not need as much
as an ordinary corpse."
Why won t you need as much ice
rfis an ordinary corpse?" asked the
"Uoeause, " gasped the invalid, "I
always have cold feet, and last
winter my feet were partially
These were his last words. He re
vived a little when the undertaker
said ho would knock a quarter of a
dollar off the ice. He moved his lips
as if to compromise on six dollars and
u half, but ho could not speak. The
vital spark had fled.
He has gone to a place where ice
is scarcer than it is in New York,"
remarked the undertaker, as he put
on his hat and withdrew from the
chamber of death.
A QUESTION OF SHADE.
sh o Wept Because She Couldn't
. . mnnize riilo aud Ilubbjv
The woman was noticeable by
reason of her lugubrious expression,
says tho Detroit Tribune. The cor
ners of her finely chiseled mouth
drooped in a manner suggestive of
sobs, and the moisture visible in her
big blue eyes confessed a flood of
tears behind with difficulty sup
pressed. It's just coo bad."
She was regarding in indecision an
array of costly draperies and mural
hangings of variegated shades.
"1 don't seo how I'm going to furn
ish that room."
She was petulent An attendant
approached her deferentially.
"Cannot I assist you, madam?" he
She shook her head hopelessly.
"1 don't believe you can."
A deep sigh arose from her heart
fluttered for a moment in her bosom,
May 1 suggest?" tho attendant
She ventured no reply.
"What is tho difficulty?"
She stared at the man with a hard,
callous look in her eye.
Gathering her wraps about her she
rose to leave.
That 1 am called upon to match
two opposite tints in one room."
"May I ask "
The attendant had followed her to
What arc the shades?''
Impatiently she paused.
My husband's whiskers are black,
while rido's coat is cream, fading
into white, l'crhaps you can harinon
l.e those. Ump! '
With a haughty sneer she swept
from the place.
.Johnny Fizzlelop accompanied his
sister to a party at the residence of
Colonel Percy Ycrger. In accordance
with the prevailing fashion the ladles
wore low-necked dresses, very much
to lhe astonishment of the aforesaid
Johnny. Next morning at the break
fast table. Johnny being engaged in
reading the morn.ng paper, said:
"Pa. what do they mean by
Unanimous, my son well, when
everybody wants the same thing, then
they are said to ho unanimous."
Well, then, those ladies at the
hall last night were unanimous, for
thev all wanted the same thing."
What was it iny son?''
"Clothes." Texas Siftings. v
If Not Enjf ish.
Tho announcement of a forthcom
ing wedding contains the request that
tho old custom of throwing rice and
flowers should be dispensed with.
Throwing a slipper after the bride is
an old Saxon custom, but throwing
rico is oriental and in Kngland dates
only from the time of the Indian
l'ufml of Home.
I suppose h ou are glad to get home
from the couiiry. Mrs. Bronson?"
"Dolightel! There is only one
thing that blthers me now. and that
is where weishall spend the autumn
and winter We go abroad in the
BY J. B. KOMINE.
If we did not knock the republicans
out we have the satisfaction of knowing
the other fellows did.
If a first mortgage on a good farm to
the amount of one-half its value is
good enough security for a banker to
loan money on, would not the same be
good enough for the United States
treasurer to loan on? Bankers will
It was not so much the tariff reform
idea that elected Cleveland as it was
the fact that he gave out no uncertain
60und on the silver question.
The ' money power of this country
combined with that of Europe, wields
the most despotic and arbitrary sway
of any combination that ever disgraced
any christian civilization.
Oh democrats, how long will you be
sold and delivered to your enemy by
such traitors as Morton.
Selling produce is only another name
for buying money, and if the scarcity
of any one thing makes the price
higher, why would not the same law
apply to money? If you would destroy
half the bushels of wheat in the
country the other half would sell for
more dollars per bushel. Now if you
destroy half the dollars of the country
the other half will bring more bushels
The true basic principles of the
money question are, of, what shall our
money be made, who shall issue and
control its volume, and how much
shall be kept in circulation per capita.
A national bank noto is the banker's
promise to pay to many dollars on de
mand, and yet strange to say this note
passes current in EDy part of the
United States and also draws interest.
Money is a creation of law expressed
in denominations upon any material
selected by the government, regardless
of its commercial value. As proof, the
commercial value of the penny is one
mill, of the nickel lour mills, cf the
silver dollar sixty-6ix cents. All of
these coins are absolute legal tender
money and not redeemable in any other
kind of money.
"All the world is a stage, and all the
people are players." The money kings
play stage managers, the subsidized
editors and politicians play footman
and hired man. The office holders play
the gentleman. The money lenders
play the aristocracy, and the h-.boring
people play the fool.
Dollars have gone up. It now takes
two bushel and a half of wheat to buy
one. It also takes seventy-five pounds
of live cow to get one. Lucky man
who has them to sell.
T am to be married on the 16th ,"
"I don't know. Narrv wants me to
elope with him, but I am engaged to
KngllsU as She Spcukg It.
Miss Snobly Why did you speak to
that vulgar Miss Newcome?
Miss Van Million I took her for
Miss Uppish. If I had known who she
Vas 1 shouldn't have known her, you
Oregon, Washington and the North-
The constant demand of the traveling
public to tho far west for a comfortable
and at the same time an economical
mode of traveling, has led te the estab
lishment of what is known as Pullman
These cars are built on the same gen
eral plan as the regular first-class Pull
man Sleepers, the only difference being
that they are not upholstered.
They are furnished complete with
good comfortable hair mattresses, warm
blankets, snow white linen curtains,
plenty ef towels, combs, brushes, etc.,
which secure to the occupant of a berth
as much privacy as is to be had in first
class 6leepers. There are also separate
toilet rooms ior ladies and gentlemen,
and smoking is absolutely prohibited.
For full information send for Pullman
Colonist Sleeper Leaflet.
J. T. Mastin, C. T. A. 1044 O. St.,
E. B. SLOSSON, Gen. Apt.
Send ten cents in stmps to John Se-
bastain, Gen'l Ticket and Pass. Agt,
C, It. I. & P. R'y. Chicago, for a pack
of the "Kock Island" Playing Cards.
They are acknowledged the best, and
worth five times the cost. Send money
order or postal note for 50c, and we
will send five packs by express, prepaid.
Homes and Irrigated Farms, Gardens
and Orchards in the Celebrated Bear
River Valley on the Main Lines ot the
Union Pacific and Central Pacific R. R.
near Corinne and Sgden, Utah.
Splendid location for business and in
dustries of all kinds in Jtbe well known
city of Corinne, situated in the middlo
of the valley on the Central Pacific R.R.
The lands of the Bear River valley are
now thrown open to settlement by the
construction of the mammoth system of
irrigatioa from the Bear lake and river,
just completed by the Bear River Canal
Co., at a cost of 13,009,000. Tha com
pany controls 100,000 acres of these fine
anas and owns many lots A3d business
locations in the city ef Corinne, and is
now prepared to sell on easy terms to
settlers and colonies. The climate, soil,
and irrigating facilities are pronounced
unsurpassed by competent Judges who
declare the valley te be tho Paradise of
tho Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stock'
Raiser. N 5 eo social surroundings, rood)
school and chnrches at Corinne City,'
and Homo Markets exist for every kind
of farm and garden produce lin : the
neighboring cities of Ogde and Salt
Lake, and in the great mining camps.
L&nda will b ihnwn fmmjtb.!vMl .
Percheron and French Coach
Maple Grove Farm.
Champion First Premium and Sweepstakes Herd
For the States or Kansas and Mraslia.
The Nebraska State Fair Herd Premium, for best show, all Draft breeds com
peting, was again awarded to my horses, making the fifth year in succession
that my herd has been the recipient of this much coveted prize.
A Nebraska bred horse, raised on Maple Grove Farm, was this year awarded
the First Premium and Sweepstakes at the Kansas State Fair, in competition,
with twenty-five head of horses from fi7e different 6tates, 150 head of registered,
imported and home bred Percheron horses and mares.
A large portion of my present stock on hand, has been raised on my Farm and
Will ba Sold at prices below the reach of any importer In America.
I am in a position to give my patrons the benefit of not having paid any fixed
sum, or expensive buying and transportation charges in order to own my horses.
I cordially invite a carefnl inspection of my horses, and will guarantee the
buyer that my stock cannot be equaled in America, either in the quality or the.
prices that I am asking.
Write for catalogue, and don't fail to inspect my stock beforo buying.
CREST CITY FARM
L. BANKS WILSON.
Breeding and Importing Establishment, One Mile from Depo Cieslon.lowa.
Full-Blocded Percheron, English Shire, English Hackney,.
Belgian French Coach. Cleveland Bays and Standard Bred Horses.
Ill . kt
Wc Handle More Horses Than Any Firm in Icoraska. ,
We import otir own horses thus saving the customer the middle man's DrofiL Bureri
have the advantage of comparing all breeds side by side at our stables.
We Have 40 Good Young Acclimated Horses on Hand.
Another importation of 40 will arrive about October 1. We miarantee all our horw
every respect. We make farmers companies a specialty, having a system whereby we
can organize companies and insure absolute success.
We Will Send a Man to Any Part of the State,
On application to assist in organizing companies. We clve long time thus enabling pnr
chasberBt pay for horses from services. Correspondence promptly answered. Men
lion this paper. Address,
W. J. WROUGHTON & CO., Cambridge, Neb.
50 SPANISH JACKS
FULL BLOODED CATALUNA
IMPORTED SEPT., 1S92,
HOGATE DAVIS & CO.
THESE Jacka are from 1 to 5 years old, tjlack with mealy points, Hi to
16 hands high. These Jacks were selected by Mr. J. B. Hog-ate the well known
breeder, and imported by him in person. Address or call at their stables.
HOGATE, DAVIS & CO.,
Mention this paper. BELLEVILLE, KANSAS.
THOROUGH BRED DRAFT HORSES.
WABOO, MM, DECEMBER 7, 1892, AT 1 P. M.
Finest Offer Ever Made in the West.
I will sell to the highest bidder a draft of Imported and Ameri
can Bred full blooded and recorded PERCHERON and FRENCH
DRAFT STALLIONS, MARES, COLTS and FILLIES. No res
ervation, everything goes.
Two year's time at 8 per cent. 5 per cent off for cash; Send lor
COL. F. M. WOOD, Auctioneer.
Z. S. BRANSON,
LIVE STOCK AUCTIONEER.
.i i.. l VKhcV a 4 A Ihpr fitatot: ftps!
of references. Fourte y ars experience.
jfn08 reaimuie, bumwiwiw mwvv -
satisfactiou guaranteed ; 4 ' ' : M - i
iAIDUW BALE-TIE CO.
-. ! MANUFACTURERS OF
ADJUSTABLE WIKE BALE-TIES.
tiaad quarters for this Class of Go odt
i lit, i ran roB fricje. . ,, , ,; ;
fallen Ai ! ! Kansas City, Mo.
our well kiiawn Nursery Stock, Seed and.Seed Po-'
tatoes. Fine opening ior m few pushing men' at
f&JVfc Sti? Wt--
I have the largest assortment of Eu
ropean Breeds of any man in America;
1 handle none but recorded stock; I do
not permit, a mouthful of hot feod to be -given;
my horses are not pampered and '
are properly exercised, and fed cool
f.wwl wVk1.h T thinlr o,. ,Ku mqln fun o
ons why my honws-Jhave always been,
Come and visit my establishment.
I am always glad to show my stock.
A FEW GOOD DRAFT MARES FOR 8ALE
When arriving at Creston visitors,
will please telephone to the Crest City
Farm and I will drive in after them,
I am prepared to give long time to
Every horse guaranteed a breeder and
must be as represented.
W. J. WROUGHTON & CO .
Cambridge, Furnas County, Nebraska.
Shire, Clyde, Percheron, Jlelgian,
German, and Oldenberg Coach, French Coach,
Yorkshire Coach , and ClerelaiidftBay gtalliou.
Furnas Co. Herd,
, BIG BERKS."5
TheroughbreOn exclusively: All ages, either
sex. Sows bred. . Stock gimraneed as repre
sented. Prices right. Mentloir thiB paper. '
, , H. S. WlLLIAMSj)Xr rrop'l.'f
L. H. SUTER
Breeder of fanc Po
land China swine
Witv of nim sired fniW
by Free Trades Best, remainder by Paddys Chip,
and IvUes Dandy. Free Trades Best is slrea by
Free iVaiie, the great show hog1 that was: sold
for 1 800, beiug the highest priced hog In aa
lstence. ' Had a full sister to Fr,TrtKW 1 ny
herd for 3 ytars and hava .many firm sows 'from
it . . . , ,. ... ', :l. U ; $VTtt.
b1i.toTwH. Vnn Mill ha Innartimartaiil
jooUtt,fr i vu mil us a iun& iiuin m
To B Happy Buy A
Wiilk Qrtabtw & th DkBdr Wta kill
y m MtBMrtMk4iaftmatl kf tbftf otter Mill
mmA IT not wtttfaetorr ttat rtturowLW -ill W ftibt
IB WyS. AM MMJ M1 IWWtT H WW fm
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