The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894, December 01, 1892, Image 7
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD. SOMETHING AEOUT MANAGING PASTURES Kotatlon tba Rrmrdr Tli Tonr Firna 07 Butter Without Working Sheep Shearing and Ilouie hold Iljlp,. The Management of I'aitnrn. This is a matter that is giving' con siderable concern to many fanners, for . in the present state of the markets and of values, they are apt to over stock the pastures and more than half destroy them in an effort to keep down expenses and save the grain crop. This kind of work is of the penny wise order and must eventuate in serious, if not permanent loss to those who practice it The Manchester, X. II. Union, has a few suf jestive remarks on the subject which we present be low: I Now stop and think the matter all .'over. Those steers that you have turned into fall feed. th;it is, the mow ing fields, re growing faster than they have b fore tins season, and the cows are doing better in proportion to o r conditions, .lust think where you would have V-en if they could have had such feed all summer: ( an you afford to supply Mich feed or can you afford to ilo without it? Watjh the cattlo feed whs re they can yet a mouthful at every b.le and then go into the pasture wlu-ra they have been all summer and calculate as nearly as you can how many motions they must make and how much ground they must cover to till their stomachs so they will be ready to lie down and chew their cuds. About half of this difference is on out of your grass need not you aud coming povket. 1'asture b.; more than if it is tine and two inches thick for stock to do well and if it is kept down to about, that length it is better than field gras-i wiiL-li grows tall enough to shade itself. Kut in our fifty-acre pastures on piainsor hillsides there are not more tliin 'Ive acres on an average that would produce such feed if they were not, overstocked, aud as our pastures are too often stocked according to the acres they contain rather than the feed they produce the green spots are gnawed close to the ground, and cattle wo"k hard all day and come tip lank at night. There should be some change in the system and each man njust decide for himself "how he will change it. Everyman who conducts what is called mixed farming needs all the manure he can make on his fields, and as he needi to spend the most of his labor there as well, the pastures are left to take their chances. There are several systems of rotation which may be adopted to advantage under proper conditions. Where any considerable part of the pasture land can be plowed, plowing and re-seeding with a light manuring will make a great change for a few years, and one field may be pastured while another is being :ultivated. Another plan of ro tation is to make the pasture into three parts and keep sheep in one of them two years and let the cattle have the others one or two weeks alternate ly, depending on how fast the grass grows. Then take the sheep pasture for cattle and give the sheep one of the others. The object of this is to feed the pastures more closely with sheep than could be done with profit by cattle. Sheep want a greater va riety of food and when grass fails will eat other plants and kid out many weeds that cattle would not touch. For pasturing in this way six or seven sheep may take the plae of a common cow, and more may be counted on if there are more weeds and bushes than grass. Horses are more particu lar what they eat than cattle or sheep and a pasture where colts have run until the golden rod and blackberry vines have almost taken possession, can be cleaned out and brought into clean grass in two years by stocking it heavily with sheep. Much may be done with pigs when there are co ws enough kept to feed a good herd of swine and it is not desira ble nor convenient to keep sheep. Pigs will work m wet places and dig out every plant that has a succulent root. Their work will ba mora thor ough aud rapid than that of sheep, but if they are fed with slops from the dairy it is not so convenient to have them in distant pasture-;. The Poor Farmer Hoy, You may talk of the hardships aud torments of the army mule, but they are trivial compared with those en dured by the farmer boy. I liave been reminded of this by tho disposition of the hands about the thresh ! 11 g machine. As you know, the hardest, hottest po sitions are upon the straw stack; and if there aro any boys about the machine and there always an you may safe ly bet your bottom dollar thev are on i iie straw stack, i ot the farmer vvon- ders why the straw is stacked so noor- 'iy, and gets mad about it. The bovs syfacn me sirengm to Handle tne straw; give them the easy places and put the men on the stack. I have said that boys can always be found upon the straw stack. I will make one excep tion; if tho wind blows the dirt out from the cylinder, the boy is put to tt bands. ' In harvest the boy is expected to keep out of the way of the reapjr, do his work well (if a bundle is found open, it is always blam.i on the boy) 'fetch the water, go after the inonkey i wrench, and hunt up the oil-can, and - ho can slop the pigs, fetch hay for the horses, and pump water for the cattle, while the men are cracking jokes in me snaae alter ainner. When a boy is sent out to plow, he Is given a plow that a man will not use, and the oldest, meanest team on the plaee. If there is a dull hoe, the boy has it; if an axe has been broken tnd ground thick, it is given to tho boy: if thrra is an old, rusty hovel. It U-lori,--. t the bjy. The boy is set to mowing vteil ; n f.n:-c? corner with the hiii tvira to Ue.-p off the breeze, Il:1 not the August sun: and if that were i.ot enough he is always given worn-out scythe. If it is broken and loose m the Miatb, that is all tie bet ter. Tne b.iy is expected to pitch as much hay as any body, with astraight tined. inllexib'.e-handled fork, and scolded if he duesn't. That boy is 6cnt out to cut fodder with a knifa that would do to split rails, were it not so dull, and set to grubbing with a mattock that would bo treasured by archaeologists. When there is nothing else for him to do, he burn brush in summer, and sorts potatoes in winter under a shed. He is expected to turn the grindstone, catch the chickens, run the pig out of the corn, weed the garden and go to the store ("but dont stay a minute Jimmy"; for exercise. If there is a picnic he is given the ugliest horse on j the place (a mnle. if possible) to ride, i l.c to spend anil told it is hoped ha j won't expe.'t another holiday for four months; and he is continually reinind j ed that he hai had a holiday till the j four months are passed. If be hap pens to break anything, a hubbub is made as if he had knocked out the un derpinning of the universe. This not exaggeration. I appeal to your honest, can lid self if this is not about the a v?r i j ; lot of the far mer boy. N'o woa.li.-r the boy wishes lie were a man a man that he might leave the farm. O.i, mothers and fathers that wonder why boys hate the farm, too often are you. as Hetsy Trot wood said, blind: blind! blind! Cor. American (iranjfe Hulletin. Itut'er lout Working. In these days of progress in the dairy room, much working of the butter has come to be viewed as not only unnecessary, but an absolute in jjry to the grain, and its finer quali ties. The Indiana Farmer says: Many advanced dairy people are of the opinion that the butter worker will in the near time become a feature of the past, and its use altogether dispensed with as it is well known thH too much working will spoil butter in its finest form, destroying its solidity and producing a salvy and unpalatable condition. A correspondent in the Oh'o Farmer describes his plan of packing batter sun-essf ,i!iy without working it at all. ing in the churn, rated, through fork or butter furred directly A f ter thorough wash arid the salt incorpo the butter, with a paddle it is trans to the packages in small quantities, pressing it firmly down: tip the package over to drain, as the water accumu lates on top of the butter, while pack ing. Fill the crock or firkins more than even full, then with a silk thread cut the butter off to a level with the edge of the package. This will leave the granules exposed on the surface and the purchaser can see at a glance that the package, contains granular butter instead of a salvy, worked-to-death compound of buttermilk rancid cream, with a very little butter fat in it If sure tiiat the butter is such that you can warrant it to be strictly gilt edge, say so on a label fastened on the package with .your name and address. This warrant is a wonderful stimulant to urge one to do his best The maker stands out in full liirht, with nothing to shield him from the consumer of his butter. Tho consumer knows who made the butter, and if as warranted, more orders are sure to follow. Sheep Sheiirintr. Do not feci breeding sheep to highly nutritious food, as it is highly injuri ous. If the farm products are fed on the farm, some sheep can be kept to an ad vantage. Value of the lambs largely depends upon keeping the ewes in a good thrif ty conditiou. Sheep bear a strong relationship to mixed husbandry, and any attempt to separate will generally prova disas trous. The tendency to improve the mutton will also improve the form and hardi ness of the animals to the same ex tent. Keeping sheep over-fat at any time is injurious and should always be avoided, and especially the breeding animals. Household HeijM. Hot wnter is an excellent remedy for ery-s'pelas. Never use strong or rancid butter in seasoning vegetables. A correspondent asks what to do for a fresh bunion. Try painting it with iodine and wearing u loose shoe. Headache, toothache, backache or most any joint ache will be relieved by heating the feet thoroughly with the shoes on. For a disagreeable breath, put a few drops of tincture of myrrh in a tum blerful of water and thoroughly rinse the mouth with it. Ma.iy a man, and perhaps more women, would have been saved from insanity if they had resolutely ob tained sufficient sleep. A white cashmere or chudda may be nicely and easily cleaned at home by using snip-bark, which may be ob tained at any druggist's. In washing black-wool goods before making them over use five cents worth of soap-bark to a pailful of water, bet it stand until cold. Iron on the wrong side. Housekeepers should caution their maids against the use of kerosene in laundering shirts. The oil is likely to remain in the garment, lending a dis agreeable odor not enjoyed by the wearer. To take grease spots out of carpets, mix a little soap into a gallon of warm water, then add half an ounce of water; wash the part well with a dean cloth, and the grease or dirty spot'will disappear. CURRENT BREVITIES. l"nclSam lia .'nw sili; mills. atling guns yre now tired bv clec- trieit v. All ancient a -t rs wore masks with metal mouthpieces 10 avt as speakinj trumpets. A process for making artificial mica sheets for electrical insulation is a late invention. (Vainesville. Fla.. lay claim to the largest and finest Japan persimmon grove in this country. Stockings were first used in the eleventh century: before that cloth bandages were used on the feet Iigers are worth from $1,500 to S2,."00. Jack, wii.i the liarnum show. the largest tigei in captivity, is said to have cost 8, ioo. Somebody claims that an electric plant has been discovered in India which will influence a magnetic needle twenty feet distant M. Grand in, the French pedestrian who recently walked from l'aris to St Petersburg, set out soon after he reached tne uussiaa capital tor a tramp to Moscow. A freight car thirty-six feet long has been built of steel in Manchester for the Mexican railway company. It is said to be heavier than a thirty-four foot wooden car, and will hold nearly three times as much, with no more dead weight. One of the attractions at an indus trial exhibition recently held in Metz was the chaise in which Napoleon traveled from Paris to Moscow in 1812. It was bequeathed to Ilaron de llunol- stein, who sold it to a man in Metz upon condition that it should nev be considered as an article of commerce. A school boy was reading in his Scottish history that at the battle of Bannockburn, "when the English army saw the new army on the hill behind, their spirits b ame damp, and the teacher asked wiiat was meant by "damping their spir s," to which the little Scotchman at once replied: 'Pittin' water in their whusky." The rosin weed, a species of sil- phiuiu, and first cousin to the burdock, is a natural compass. It grows every where in the West, and wherever it is found in open ground, that is, in ground not shaded by trees, houses or fences, its leaves point directly north and south. This peculiarity has given it several names applied in different localities, and it is variously called the compass plant, the pilot weed and the polar plant. BRIEFS FROM ABROAD. Robinson Crusoe's island, Juan Fer nandez, is inhabited by about 00 per sons, who att d to the herds of cattle that gr re. The isles comprise no fewer than 1 parate islands and islets, without counting mere jutting rocks or isolated pinnacles. The cultivation of the pineapple in the Bahamas is a very profitable un dertaking. At two pence each an acre of pine apples returns 200 to S223. The new variety of sugar cane re ported from the Upper Niger is of gigantic size, and very rich in sugar. Moreover, it differs from the ordinary sugar cano in possessing seeds, from which the plant can be raised. There are 40,000 unoccupied dwell ings in Berlin that cannot bo rented. A paper that has made this subject of house renting a study and a specialty, attributed the cause to the depressed economical situation throughout the country. The cost of shouting "Vive la France"' one time in Alsace-Lorraine lias been fixed at twenty marks. Joseph Eugene Lemoine, a journalist who lives in France, but gave utter ance to his patriotic feelings in Metz, found this out The Aeronautic society of Berlin has decided that the gift of 50, dOO marks made by Emperor William shall be de voted to the construction of a colossal balloon for scientific purposes. It will be sixteen metres in diameter, with a capacity of 2.528 cubic metres. It is the calculation that it will be practic able to make observations at the height of 10,000 metres. APPLIED SCIENCE. A physician says practice at singing wards off consumption. If the small end turns up when an egg is dropped in water the egg is fresh. The sunflower bears 5,000 seeds, t.oe poppy 32,1)00 and the tobacco plant 70, 112U. Knives will not rust if, in laying them away, they are rubbed with a little sweet oil and wrapped in tissue paper. Electricity, theoretically and ap plied, is taught in the evening classes at several scholastic and similar insti tutions in Boston. John Currion, who lives near Cottage (irove, Ore., claims to have discovered on his farm an apparently inexhausti ble ledge of rich cinnabar. In certain parts of India cocoanut trees, once almost lifeless in appear ance, have been made to yield abund antly by placing salt at the roots. One of the uses of skimmed milk is in the manufacture of an artificial ivory which, in every respect, resem bles the original. Tho milk is mixed with borax, and subjected to a high pressure. The product is well suited for combs, billiard balls aud pipe mouth pieces. (ilucinum has been suggested as a promising metal for electrical appar atus. It is a better conductor than silver, is lighter than aluminum, re sists oxidation and has great tensile strength, rigidity and malleability. It is quite rare; but it is believed that its cost, making allowance for its light ness, would be considerably less than that of silver. 1 Tho G. 11. 5'. Cma-l Do ll Again. An active independent worker in the It -publican Valley writer TliK Alli AXCE-lKDKf ENUKXT a follow-: I fully fully agree with your editorial in lat pap:r es to the duty of indcic-n-dents at tne eosion of this winter. You will no: ice the vote of this county n amendment to constitution as to rchool fund and if the amendment had proioM.'d to loan school fund on farm lands this vote would have been much larger. I think this would be a good issue for independents to go be fore the voters of this state with. I ant of the opinion that we (our party) can elect governor and a good majority in both houses of legislature on a three cornered fight when presidential pres sure is out of our way. Democrats may mend their ranks but republicans will never poll as large a vote in this state again unless they answer the demands ot people. A Friend In Need. Man in Water (drowing.) Throw me (puff, puff) a life-preserver, quick! Tapely (a clerk on shore) Er er what is j'our waist measurement please? Where the Tug; Come. Little Boy Don't Quakers ever fight? Mamma Xo, my dear. Little Boy (after reflection) I should think it would be awful hard for a real big Quaker to be a Quaker. A lirlght Publication. Little Dot Papa says this new children's magazine is a bright publi cation, n hat does that mean? Little Dick Can't you see? The paper glistens so you can hardly read it. A Broadway Merchant Mr. Hayseed These New Yorkers jes' rush ttieirselves to death. Why on 'arth do they kill theirselves that way? Mrs. Hayseed Land sakes! they've got to. Think of the rents they pay". A Folnter for Pa. Bank Director Why didn't you in vite our cashier's little girl to your party? Small Daughter She always wears such awfully 'xpensive clothes it makes everybody else feel ashamed. FOR SALE. Seventy-five Poland China pigs, April and May farrow. Sired by Virginia Lad 8457 S: he bv Business 20489: dam Virginia 32588 by Tecumseh 4339. Sows by Geo. Wilkes, Equality, Tecumseh and many other noted sires. There are none better bred. Will breed a few sows for sale to Groom 17G87 O, A Grand King Tecumseh boar and Square Busi ness 2nd for spring litters. L. II. Andrews, Kearney, Neb. For Sale. 1G0 acres improved land in Webster county, all fenced, good buildings, wind mill and 13-acre hog lot, two miles from Rosempnt, six miles from Blue Hill. Address, C. Lyon, Rosemont, Nebr. Oregon, Washington ami the North- Western Coast. The constant demand of the traveling public to the far west for a comfortable and at the same time an economical mode of traveling, has led te the estab lishment of what is known as Pullman Colonist Sleepers. These cars are built on the same gen eral plan as the regular first-class Pull man Sleepers, the only difference being that they are not upholstered. They are furnished complete with good comfortable hair mattresses, warm blankets, snow white linen curtains, plenty of towels, combs, brushes, etc., which secure to the occupant of a berth as much privacy as is to bo had in first class sleepers. There are also separate toilet rooms lor ladies and gentlemen, and smoking is absolutely prohibited. For full information semi for Pullman Colonu t Sleeper Leaflet. J. T. MnsTiN, C T. A. 1044 O. St., E. B. Si.osson, Gen. Agt. Lincoln, Neb. Send ten cunls in stmps to John Se bfistaip, Gon'l Ticket and Pass. Agt, C, R. i. & P. H'y- Chicago, for a pack of Ibe "Rock Island" Playing Cards. They are acknowledged the best, and worth five times the cost. Send money order or postal note for 50c, and we will send five packs by express, prepaid. Homes and Irrigated Farms, Gardens end Orchards in the Celebrated Bear River Valle f on the Main Lines ot the Union Pacilic and Central Pacific R. R. near Corinne and ,gden, Utah. Splendid location for business and in dustries of all kinds in the well kown city of Corinne, situated in tho middle of the valley on the Central Pacific R.U. The lands of the Uear River valley are now thrown open to settlement by the construction of the mammoth system of irrigation from the Bear lake and river, just csmpleted by the Bear River Canal Co., at a cost of $3,009,000. Th com pany controls 100,000 acres of these fine ands and owns many lols av.d business locations in tho city f Corinne, and is now prepared to sell on easy terms to settlers and celenies. The climate, soil, and irrigating facilities are pronou:iced unsurpassed by competent judges who declare tho valley ta be the Paradise of the Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stock Raiser. Nice social surroundings, good schools and churches at Corinne City, and Heme Markets exist for every kind of f!irm and garden produce in the Dr'nhboring cities of Ogden and Salt Lr.le, and in the great ininiag camps. Lands will be shown from the local of fice f the Company at Corinne. 15tf Perclieron and French Coach HORSES. Maple Grove. Farm. Champion First Premium and Sweepstakes Herd For tae States of Kansas and Nebraska. The Nebraska State Fair Herd Premium, for best show, all Draft breeds con, peting, was again awarded to my horses, making the fifth year in succession that my herd has been the recipient of this much coveted prize. A Nebraska bred horse, raised on Maple Grove Farm, was this year awarded the First Premium and Sweepstakes at the Kansas State Fair in competition with twenty-five head of horses from five different states, 150 head of registered, imported and homo bred l'ercheron horses and mares. A large portion of my present stock on hand, has been raised on my Farm and' Will be Sold at prices below the reach of any importer in America. I am in a position to give my patrons the benefit of not having paid any fixed 6um, or expensive buying and transportation charges in order to own my horses. I cordially invite a carefnl inspection of my horses, and will guarantee the buyer that my stoek cannot bo equaled in America, either in the quality or the? prices that I am asking. Write for catalogue, and don't fall to inspect my Btock before buying. CREST CITY FARM L. BANKS WILSON. Breeding and Importing Establishment, One Mile from Depo Cieston, Iowa. 200 Full-Blooded Percheron, English Shire, English Hackney,. Belgian French Coach, Cleveland Bays and Standard Bred Horses. W. J. WROUGHTON & CO . Cambridge, Furnaa County, Nebraska. IMPORTERS OP 1 7(M Shire. Clvde. Pprrhnritn 'Rplirlan ft'l lltnt W,! IS ' mmtSStSZfi Yorkshire We Handle More Horses Thaa Any Firm We Import onr own homes thus saving the customer the middle man's profit Buyei have the advantage of comparing all breeds side by side at our stables. Wc Have 40 Geod Young Acclimated Horses on Hand. Another Importation of 40 will arrive about October 1. We fuarantee all our horses every respect. We make farmers companies a specialty, having a system whereby we can organize companies and Insure absolute success. We Will Send a Man to Any Part of the On application to aosist In organizing companies. We give long time thus enabling p chashers t pay for horses from services. Correspondence promptly answered. Me W. J. WROUGHTON & 50 SPANISH JACKS FOR SALE. FULL BLOODED CATALUNA SPANISH JACKS- IMPORTED SEPT., 1892, BY HO GATE DAVIS & CO. THKSF. .laelrs are from 1 t,o B vpars lfi bands hiffh. These. JafiKs were selected breeder, and imported by him in person. HOGATE, DAVIS & CO., Mention this paper. BELLEVILLE, KANSAS. PUBLIC -OF- THOROUGH BRED 1 1 X111U u Finest Offer Ever Made in the West. I will sell to the highest bidder a-dralt of Imported and Ameri caa Bred full blooded and recorded PERCHERON and FRENCH DRAFT STALLIONS, MARES, COLTS and FILLIES. No res ervation, everything goes. Two year's time at 8 per cent. 5 per cent off for cash. Send for catalogue. JA1VJES SCHULZ, COL. F. M. WOOD, Auctioneer, Yutan, Nebraska, AUCTIONEERS. Z. S. BRANSON, WAVERLY, NEB. LIVE STOCK AUCTIONEER. Makes sales in Nebraska ami ther states. Rest nf references. Fourteen y nra experience. Prices reasonable, correspond 1 1 isolicited aud satisfaction guaranteed FOR SALE. Lon? deep bodied U.S. P.O. PICS. Good color, short legs, broad back, good feci Hiid bead. Alliance prices, satisfaction uaranteed Mlf Kearney, Neb. BISCHEL BROS. itorm.K BrntlwLoiiler $7.50. BICYCLES $19 All kind etiei.T Ibtu .- where. Krfiirs y.u bor, wnd lump for (tlm. w TurPOKEUi&EMtNTCO 1 M iUta CltaMM RIFIESJJ-W mm WATCHES X have the largest assortment of Eu ropean Breeds of any man In America; 1 handle none but reeordt-d stock; I do not permit a mouthful of hot feed to be given; my hortK-s are not pampered and are properly exercised, and fed cool, food, which I think are the main reas ons why my horses Jhave always been successful breeders. Come and visit my establishment. I am always glad to show my stock. A FEW GOOD DRAFT MARES FOR SALE When arriving at Creston visitor! will please telephone to the Crest City ' Farm and I will drive In after them. I am prepared to give long time t respoiulbie parties. Every horse guaranteed a breeder and must be as represented. j o , Coach , and Cleveland! -Bay Stallions. in Nebraska. State, nr en- CO., Cambridge, Neb. old. black with mealy points. 14 to- bv Mr. J. B. Hogate tho well known Address or call at their stab'es. SALE DRAFT HORSES. IP.MRF.Ii 1 W. T P. . v. dirnqe Pn Herri iWrmi BIG BERKS. 3 mi EAVER C1TV, ' NEB. t.. ...insfpai. Alt aires lthpp l lllirounirrrus ritiu.?imj- "o sex. Sows bred. Stock guaranteed as repre sented. I'riees right. Mention this paper. ll. S. WILLIAMSON, 1'rop'r. J. M. ROBINSON, KESESAW, ADAMS CO., SEB. Ilreeder and ship- V per of recorded l'o- r -Di&pw f land China Hogs. ' " I Choice breeding 1 stock for sale. .?lk3 " V Write for wants, f,. J6 Mention Aluanck. VbtljWtWi'! Y L. H.SUTER reeder of fancy Fo- J nd China swine -:W4itf3 A,V""' ' UW&l lann and toruv 01 pia Micu by Free Trades Best, remainder by Paddys Chip Free Trade, the great show ho? thai was sold for !, being fhe highest priced hog in ex istence. Had a full sister to Fre Trade in my herd for S years and haye many fiiw sows from er L. H. SO lEK.