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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (July 14, 1892)
THE ALL I AH CB-IHDBPBHDBHT.
GUABDING THE PEOPLE'S EIGHTS-
Congressman Kem is a f aithf nl . and
keen-eyed guardian of the rights and
interests of the people.
Not long ago Representative Pickler
of South Dakota, introduced a bill to
amend the timber eultura act. Its
chief ostensible purpose was to allow
persons who had faithful tried to
live up to the requirements of the free
claim law for eight years to make final
pijoof regardless of the number of tpes
on the claim. But tacked onto this
were two provisos:
1st. Repealing the provision that
requires the man to be "an actual
bona fide resident of the state or terri
tory in which said land is located.
2nd. Repoaling a similar provision in
the desert land laws, so as to permit
non-residents to enter lands of that
Mr. Pick-er made an effort to get
this bill through without attracting
any attention, but Mr. Kem was on the
lookout. He i romptly ailed the a
tention of a number of ethers to the
nature of the bill, and organized
fight on it. Ho made an excellcn
short speech from which the following
is a portion:
Mr. Speaker, I move to strike
out the last section of this bill
ana upon mat motion 1 wisn to oner a
few remarks. As the gentleman from
Indiana (Mr. Holman) has well said the
spirit and intention of the land laws o;
our country was to provide homes for
the homeless for those who were will
ing to exerciso their energy and cour
age in developing a new country for
the purpose of building up and cstab
Under these laws vast areas of wild
and desert lands have been reclaimed
from their wild state, and have become
settled and civilized, and good, com
B A 1 1 'i 1 1 1 -a
iortaoie .nomes estaoiisnea ail over
them. We have for a number of years
Deen struggling against the J and
sharks, . the land-grabbers who have
been trying to get possession of the
public domain. The people have been
earnestly, protesting and have been en
deavoring to throw additionalsafeguards
around these lands to preserve the re
mainder of them for the purpos
es for which the land laws
were originally enacted. An i am
astonished that my friend from South
Dakota, a gentleman who must bo cog
nizant of the practical workings of our
land laws and the dangers that have
beset the principles involved, should
father this bill with that clause in it.
For the people have been endeavoring,
and every congress for years has taken
action time and again to protect the
homestead settlers and preserve the
public lahds for the use and occupancy
of the people, and yet I find that he
comes here with a. proposition that
throws down every bar, that takes
away every safeguard and throws open
to every landshark and speculator m
the United States the balance of the
lands yet remaining and not settled
Now, Mr. Speaker, I think my friend
from South Dakota knows full well
that despite the different safeguards
that have been thrown around these
laads, Iho spirit of the law, if not its
letter, has been violated continually,
and that mn have become- possessed of
rarge bodies of public lands in a man
ner that was never contemplated when
the laws were enacted. Despite all of
these safeguards, thousands of acres of
the lands are today in possession of
people who are not entitled and should
not be possessed of them.
But in the face of the fact that with
ill of the safeguards that could be plac
ed around them we have been unable to
protect the rightful owner in the pos
session of the land, he comes here with
'a proposition to let down the llast bar,
tq destroy the last safeguard f nd make
a bid open and wide to every land spec
ulator and grabber in the United
States of America to step in and take
possession. If thh bill passes that is
just what will be done.
Under the homestead law men have
got pos?esssion of thousands of acres of
i he best lands of the country, notwith
standing the fact that the law restricts
them t 1G0 acres, and provides tha
they muit be residents on tho land, and
that they must be taken up for the
purpose of making and establishing
homes. They have done it in South
Dakota; they have done it in my coun
trv, and in every state and territory o
the Union where we h?d public lands
open to settlement, and they did
by simp'y employing some one to settle
on the lands, build a little shanty, pu
up some- insignificant improvements,
and by furnishing the money to make
final proof and paying a small amount
per month to the person living upon it
the individual gets title and lm
mediately turns it over the grabber
who furnished the money.
Now the gentleman from South
Dakota proposes to go stjll farther and
remove all barriers, making a bid for
every land monopolists in the country
to step in and take possession.
i am in lavor ot that por
tion of the bill relating to actua
settlers; and I realize tho fact that this
part of the bill relating to timber cul
ture would be some relief to individu
als who are residents of the country,
and who have gone through all of the
hardships incidental to pioneer life and
to the building up and settlement of
It would be some relief to certain in
dividuals that I think are entitled to
relief; but upon the other hand, in the
last clause, section 2, the gates are
again thrown wide open in tfiis res
pect. It allows a man who is a nQn
resident, who has perhaps never seen
the western country, who has not gone
through any of the hardships inciden
tal to pioneer life or to tho building up
of tho country, to get possession of
that land, apd thereby entitle him to
all of the befiefits to Do derived from
tho actual location of settlers on the
land adjacent that has been developed,
not by him?elf but by others, who have
gone in and by their hard work have
developed the country, and in doing so
have made valuable this land which he
has a timber claim upon.
In view of that fact I am opposed to
the whole bill so far as it relates to
non-residents, and I am decidedly op
posed to the last section of the bill, tho
one that my amendment affects; and J
want to say, that after all the informa
tion we have in regard to the land
steals in our country and the rapidity
with which the lands have been mon
opolized by private corporations, syn
dicate and public corporations at dif
ferent times, I hopo the house will not
allow this bill to pass. It does seem to
ra?r Mr. Speaker, that the time has
eotoe when this thing should be square
ly sat down upon and that we should
siy, "Thus far Shalt thou go and no
Mr. Kem's speech was followed by an
animated and thorough discussion of
the bill. Mr. Pickler finally asked
leave to "withdraw the bill and let it
ie over without prejudice," which was
This is only one of a number of in
stances in which Mr. Kem has been
heard from on measures relating es-
peeially to the interests of his coritetitu-
ents, and every time he has carried his
Stormy Vacation Days Made Pleasant.
One can hardly expect to take even a
week's vacation without one or two
stormy days and the question, arises
how to pass such times pleasantly, in
the country or mountains where refiad-
Dg cannot be easily obtained, time
hang heavily. This may all beN avoid
ed it you will talce the precaution to
procure a package of Waverley Maga
zines, .bach copy has from ten to ht-
teen short, clean and interesting com
plete stories (none continued), Notes of
Travel, Items of Interest, Jokes, etc.,
besider a page of Music. They are not
ike a book that one has to read for
hours, but are entertaining lor ten
minVuf.s or a day and can be caught up
at any time. We have few old back
numbers that we will sell in bundles of
Uctnty-fm for $1 00 postage prepaid.
You cannot buy the same amount of
reading in twenty-tive cent novels for
ess than $10.00. bend hv cents for a
sample, read it carefully and you will
order a bundle.
r j if- tit . . .
JfV A V HiHLiCdl ia.AUAZl.NIS,
AMONG OUR EXCHANGES.
Poor, dependent, pitched clothes
farmers and wage-workers all over this
country, who have not, never have had
anu witn no hopes or ever having a
dollar in a national bank, and never ex
pect to get a dollar out of one, aro
standing around with hands raised in
holy horror arid exclaiming: "These"
fool Alliance fellows aro trying to take
our national banks away from us!"
you want to sell your farms
If you wish to trade them
and see us.
The people's party proposes to take
the tax off the people. The democratic
party wants to take tho tax off of the
banks. This is the difference. Which
will meet the approval of the voters?
We Can Find You Buyers.
When the Americans declared them
selves a freo and independent people,
did they really mean it? If so, then
the "latter day patriots," who are wait
ing to consult England as tolhepas?ago
or a free coinage bill, have wandered
off from the faith. Alabama Re
We have all kinds of city prop
erty for sale or trade. If
you want any kind of
Wc Cap Quit You,
I3T We makoa specialty in this
If you hayp horses and cattle
to trade for city property or
farms, send full particulars to us.
C. Loweth & Co '
15th and 0 Sts.
BARBER & FOWLER A. J. RIGBY & CO.,
EXCLUSIVE AGENTS, LoanSf Law and collections.
L. IMCt Alt'f & Ug'f.
1025 0 Street, Lincoln, Neb.
Room 10, 1041 0 St, Lincoln, Kcb.
MONEY AT 7 PER CT.
Awarded First Premium and Cold
Medal at tho World's Industrial Cotton
Centennial Exposition at New Orleans,
La,., in 1884-5 aJTter a trial Lasting
fiO FED TAPE.
Heal Estate, Insurance and Uollections,
CUNNINGHAM & MARY Attorneys.
Room 35 Richard's Bi'k. L incnin N.h
the BEST IN 1 HC
WORLD and, to-day stands at the head and fron
of the whole wind mill family. It is the cheap-
tria TSJTtfi Star Pumps
Wo Have Them Also.
Farn Dinner Bell?, Western Washers,
Plain Wire, Barrel Churns,
Poultry NettiDg, Refrigerators,
LNew Idea Gasoline Lawn Mowers,
Stoves, Pumps and Pump
All Kinds of Pipe, Repairs,
P nlS&VWttK1 an1 fre Handbook writ to
vF? & mi 361 Bhoadwat, Nrw York.
Oldest bureau for securing patents in America.
iCyerj patent taken out by us is brought before
the public by a notice given free of charge in the
eest drciilatlrra of any sclent; 1c paper IntJie
id:.S&endi31?l Ju8trafee. No intelligent
CBtlsHi5fts,3ei Broadway, New York.
Tin Roofing and anything in the
Especial attention paid to Harness
pairs and Tin J ob Work,
A new and Complete Treatmnnt.
Re- I'cjutiye Ca.e tor External. Internal, Blind or Bfted
IDS? Kchinff. Chronic. Kmnt or Unreal.-, l-m j
G. M. LOOMIS,
. . . . ires sample. Guarantee issued uy J, H. Ilarley. driiff"
905 O St., LinCOln, Nb. AiKeatanhtndOeUcetUaoo, M. ?
7 I ' ' ' ' ' ' " . I , . .-
'"8 icnjng. unronic, Kectnt or llcreflitarv PiW Bni
many other diseawn and (mki fjkn. ; . -i
ways a fnat benefit to the general health. The flrrt
illlTKo1-,U mfcdical Cl,re rendering an operation
with the knife nnneewsary hereafter. This remedy has
never been known to fail. Si p3r box 6 for 5- Wt
by mail. Why Buffer from this terrible di.
a written guarantee is positively givenVith 6 boxes
.uimuuu luomuuBy unot cured. Bend stamp for
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