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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (July 14, 1892)
THE FARM AND HOME.
CARROTS DESERVE MORE AT
TENTION THAN THEY QET.
Feeding Value of the ItooU Filling the
Silo Four Grade of Hay Scamps
Poultry Flcklng and
V ' The Carrot Crop,
f This crop does not recoko that
Amount of attention which wo think
It ought to, Bays the Farmer and Stock
Breeder. Kich, deep toiV suits it
best, no doubt as it does most , farm
crops, but it is by no means a very
gross feeder or fastidious with regard
to soil We havo seen excellent crops
of the White Belgian variety, on 7 or
8 in. of soil resting on a substratum
of graveL Every farm ought to have
its J, J, or 1 aero plot of carrots; ac
cording to the size of the farm. They
roquiro tho same ' cultivation as
mangles, sown at the same time,' and
about tho sarao quantity of seed, t viz.,
0 lb, per acre, in other respects
they differ, however. The rows
should not bo more than 18 in. apart,
and the plants in the row when singl
ed out from 4 in. to 6 in.
.lo got tho young plants fit for thin
ning out' before they are overtaken
with weeds it is essential that the
seed should be almost sprouted before
sowing. This is easily accomplished
by moistening, the seed, spreading it
jmrQi dry fioor. ana turning it aauy
for a week. If mixed with s6rae
screened ashes or fine sand so much
the better. We have found thWhito
Belgian tho heaviest cropper." It
grows pretty well above ground, and
the bulbs are generally pretty uni-
form. With good cultivation and lib
eral treatment there should be no
difficulty in growing 18 tons an acre.
We have een considerably moro than
this. Wo ladvo.cate the growth of a
small area of this important root, not
bo much on account of its feeding
properties, though in this it will
stand a favorable comparison with
swedes, as will be seen from tho fol
Iusolublo cellulose. . . . 1.12
For horsos they havo wholesome
medicinal properties, when fed with
discretion, and would enable the
farmer to reduce his farrier's bill in
many instances. They are also indis
pensable in the feeding of dairy cows
where a particularly delicate flavor in
the butter is the chief desideratum.
Another point in their favor is that
they are not quite so liable to tho
ravages of insect pests as turnips.
Their chief enemy is the carrot louse,
which attacks the crown of the plant
in tho earlier stages of its growth.
When fit to store they should be put
into clumps in a dry place, after the
manner of potatoes, with difference
that the carrots should be placed
with tho crowns outward, and, if
possible, mixed with a little sand.
The clumps should not exceed five
feet wide af bottom. Storing should
not be delayed after tho middle of j
Filling the Silo.
The value of silo goes without
question now fn progressivo
dairy regions. The best method of
constructing it is practically settled
alsobuild out of wood instead of
stone. Wood, being porous and a
poor conductor of heat; is far moro
desirable for the silo. The silo
should bo built of wood and then
painted thoroughly with waterproof
paint making every crack and crev
ice thoroughly tight
The farmer has his choice between
two kinds of walls the double-wailed
wooden-structure, with tarred pfier
between or the single wooden jtfalls
lined inside with matched flooring
and covering over carefully with
paint Either one of these answers
better than the lathed and plastered
silo, which was so universally re
ceived a few years ago as the highest
perfection of wooden silo walls.
j-Such a silo built early in the year
will be 'ready fgr tho corn by the
lime the crop nas properly matured,
but one must plant for the silo, and
not trust to field corn to answer the
purpose. One variety of corn cannot
be recommended generally, for near
ly every locality requires, a different
kind. (Jenorally one can se'lect the
largest variety that grows in his sec
tion, for the silo requires corn that
will mako a heavy growth, and gives
a great "yield of ears and fodder.
Such corn is the ideal one for this
work. The biggest crop to the aero
is the best for generally such corn
will keep as well as the small crops.
After the proper selection of the.
variety the corn should be drilled in
the fiolttin rows from three to four
feet apart according to its size and
yrcld. borne of the smaller varieties
can be planted a9 closo as tho mini
mum distance, while the very large
stalked kinds will need the maximum
distance between the rows. In drill
ing it one kernel shbuld be dropped
from seven to nine inches apart in
rows, according to the kind.
The cultivation of the silage corn
will always produce better results
when it is attended to quite fre
quently during thegrowing season.
It should be surface cultivation how
ever, rarely extending down more
than an inch or two. The wecder
should also be put to work, and after
this has torn up the weeds a crop of
clover can be spread between the
rows. This will save a year in the
rotation, and not injure the growth of
the corn. The clover will not grow
much during the growth of the corn,
but wheuMt is harvested for the silo,
the clover will spring up rapidly,
covering the whole ground in a short
In this way there is no loss in grow
ing tho silage on the field, for fho
land would havo to bo cultivated for
th clover crop if not for the corn.
The corn is gathered early in the sea
son, long before the field crops are,
and this still leaves a considerable
period for the clover crop to grow be
fore cold weather. In one season the
amount of corn and clover taken from
an acre will be great and the clover
will add to the soil almost as much
nitrogenous matter as the corn takes
Jrom it American Cultivator.
Four Grades of Hay.
- A correspondent of the O. J. Farmer
says there are four grades of Hay
First the which is pea green in
color, cu' efore the grass ripens and
after the dew has gone off in the
morning, allowed to wait cocked and
covered with caps, let stand two or
three days, then spread out so the air
may circulate freely, after that
hauled to the barn before night that
no dew should touch it Such hay
will remain green and will be most
reaiily eaten by all kinds of stock. It
is cured as nearly as possible in
shade, hence its great feeding value
and good color. Second, that cut
like above but allowed to cure in the
sun. It is good hay but not so good
as the first described. Third, that
cut as above but which has been ex
posed to dews, rains, etc. This is
much reduced in both feeding valuo
and appearance. Fourth, the hay
which was allowed to get well ripened
before the cutting. The vitality, or
that which gives it valuo as a forage
plant, is concentrated in the seed,
thus making the stalks of little value
as fodder. The best time in my
opinion, to cut hay, is when it has
completed its growth but before it
begins to change color. If cured like
that first described and kept from
light and rain, it will remain bright
jif? Blue Yalley Stock
English Shire Stallions and Mares.
To intending purchasers of this breed 'I can show them as good a lot of young
stock from yearlings up, as there is in the west.
TH0R0UGLHY ACCLIMATED. LAST SHIPMENT 1890.
Their breeding is from the best strains of prize winning blood in England
coupled with superior individual merit. My imported mares are superior to any
in the west; they are all safely in foal
All My Stock Guaranteed, and all Recorded
and Imported by Myself.
If you want a Hackney Stallion, I have as good as was ever imported. Come
and see what I have got, and if I cannot show you as good stock as any man will
pay your expenses. Prices as low as the lowest. 44-6m
OBTAIN CHICAGO PRICES FOE ALL TOUR
Rr? SHIP YOUR WOOL direct to u
and receive all the value there is in it. Hundreds
of Wool Growers have shipped us their wool in
the past and will do so again this season. Why caD't
you. And they are entirely satisfied with the results.
We are almost daily in receipt of letters from some of them Ordering sacks
for this seasons shipment, and thanking us for the way we have handled their
shipments. Write us for our Wool Circular- It gives the range of the
market. Our terms for handling and other valuable information.
Summers, Morrison & Go. ,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 175 South Water St., Chicago.
Reference: Metropolitan National IJrnk, Chicago.
ALLEN ROOT, Stock Agt. Neb. State
Farmers' Alliance. Office and Financial M'gr.
GEO. S. BROWN,
SHIP YOUR OWN STOCK.
.Allen Ptoot Sc Oompanv,
Live Stock Commission Merchants,
Room 34 Exchange Building, SOUTH OMAHA, NEBi
Before you ship send for the market.
references. Packers National Bank, Omaha.
First National Bank of Omaha. 14-tf Nebraska Savings and Exchange B'k, Omaha.
Commercial National Bank. Omaha. Central City Bank, Central City, Neb,
t3r Shippers can draw sight draft on us for 96 per cent of cost, bill of la dinar attached,
mnnnnilf PAffHTCGTMI PA General Produce Merchants (Legal Represenla-
H Dim ALL bUMMlOOlUfl MJ.) ffi -K"-fmnoe- ?Pec,lal department for
M t A ' hides and game. Free cold storage and special
salesman for butter, eggs, cheese and poultry. Receivers find shippers cf car lots of po
tatoes, apples, onions, hav and cabbage. Give us a Bhnre of your consignments. We get the
h'ghest market price and make prompt returns. Direct a 1 communications and orders to
4Qtf WE ST FALL COM. CO., 423 Walnut St., Kansas City, Mo.
We Sell to all for Cash and to
All for the Same Low
fill VflllR II Y We Suarantee the price on every arti
UU I UUU U I I cle in our store and will refund the mon-
ev to those who think they have paid too
nny ( much. If thai is the way you like to do
IJnY business we want your trade. We want
those who cannot call at the store to send
for samples. Yours etc.,
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