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About The farmers' alliance and Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1892 | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1892)
rroauoakaa sw totirul wrist tons
A' Manias mjm r M to et ap
BatlMC tkat otker fallen ks a vrlila'
rkiarirot s WMkMjaM try mj
I kaitl cat ssaeh book tarsia, bat IX n4
rlrkt Mart o'ial.
kkntWeuHfU raisin' fToaaa la l
Bow tbo vtonBia and rks eotidrsa ar on-
Vket will lut till azt llTber, tla bt
Us ter the rtfbt.
X hear Utt down la Kaoaat tksy bed talked
'o part fusloa.
Bo I dropt a line to brother Ike t) ret a clear
Bo writ rtfht back and sea, an he, "It's all a
vol denied lie,
ThM rail we'll knock the platycrats and all
I read ea bow the people's causa la mortof
I hope tfetx'll keep thine 1111110 Pon Main
for I re kinder got a aoehua (ea our nrlnol-
plet It Mf ht)
Tbet we'll carry next eleoUon, aadwlatbii
rre kinder rot a noahua that the Billionaires
. aiad Sfcife,
Wbonerer labor any, tbo' they grow lm
Will have to take a recti! shortly after next
Bs ther chance for robbln labor will be fit
Un atlghty slender.
But we nuseo't be toe sure 'o things, and
just set down and wait,
Forth nan tbet toilers tkat air rule Is
generaly too late,
We must git right up and go to work with
enerry and rim,
Bs that's the only way I know of to keep
thing "in the swim."
D Weese, May 17th. CI, Pom shot.
IN THE SWEET BYE AND BYE.
We're all heard of that beautiful l&nd,
The political baron of bliss,
But when entraaooihe people demand.
They reoeiro some such answer aa this
la the Sweet, Bye and Bye, etc.
VThen reforms and redresses-we seek,
And petitions most numbly present,
We are told to be patient and meek.
That we'll all sea the promised erect
In lbs Sweet, Bye and Bye, etc
Many promises thus we're received,
That redemption would soon oome about;
No more will this yarn be believed,
For our rotes they will fruitlessly snout
la the Sweet, Bye and Bye, etc
There'll be help for the poor bye and bye,
But not 'till the toilers employ
Independence to do and deny
jiart la schemes, to let others en Joy
la the Sweet, Bye and Bye, etc.
There's a land that Is hotter than this,
Where the old party loaders will stew,
And feast on the rislons of bliss,
Which no more they'll hold up to our
la the Swoet, Bye and Bye.
We will rote as we ne'er did bo fore,
In the sweet, bye and bye,
We will suffer in silence no more.
Dr. S. A. Houghton.
The Money Question
Fairdcrt, Neb., May 9tb., 1003.
Just now the public mind Is largely en
gaged upon the money question, and per
Esds more renerallv so than ever before.
It Is a simple, easy question, In and of its
self, yet there has been so much
"Juggling" used upon it that It has come
to be regarded as a question that requires
great learning and special qualities of
mind to grappio with or solve its pre
tended mysteries and Intrcwies.
Now I take the broad ground that any
person who can comprehend the meaning
ana purpose 01 a yam buck or a peck
meat u re, can also comprehend the mean
ing and purpose of a dolhr. There is no
mystery about either. They are all of
them simple measures of length, quantity
or value, as they may be applied, and that
la all there Is of the question. But we
are well aware that there are those gen
erally persons who derive a pecuniary ad
yantage by it who claim that one of
thes rarluus "measures" should be made
ot one particular kind of material Gold.
There are others who claim that this par
tlcular "measure may Just as well be
made out of either of two kinds of mater
ialgold or silrer. Yet in both cases
the people lose sight of the real fact In
the case, that It is not the material used
that gives this measure Us peculiar
If the yardstick is in accord with the
legal standard of length it Is immaterial
whether it be made of wood, or silver, or
even 01 goia: in either case it will
measure only a yard to each application
mere 1 just as mucn sounti reason
that a yard stick should be made of cold
or silver, as there can be thxt a dollar
should be made so. A yardstick of solid
gom wouia not oe a dollar, nor would a
glden dollar measure a yard. Yet If a
few men could so manipulate legislation
mat yardsticks could be made only from
some particular material of which they
neiu a monopoly or control, tnpy wsuid
no doubt be found claiming that they
could not be "honestly" made of any-
There is one peculiarity about monev
and it is this: the cheaper the money is
the more valuable ererything else
becomes. When a man goes out into the
market to buy dollars and that is what
we are all doing he must par for them
either his own labor, or the product of
me isoor 01 others. When dollars are
cheap and plenty he will get them for
what they are worth: 100 cents each; and
he can exchange on eren terms. But
when dollars are scarce and dear he must
pay the "premium," and so, give mote
labor to balance the increased cost of
them. It Is often said by the protection
ists: "Why here, you can buy more goods
for a dollar now than you ever oould be
fore." This is true, and it proves my
statement. "Goods" are only the product
of labor, in some form or other, and it
does take "more goods" to buy a dollar
now than it ever did before. The 'goods'
are not worth any less, but the dollar is
worm - more, or rather the
(WUa Kin "cornered" command
And speaking of protection way don't
they clap upon foreign capital foreign
pauper labor crystallized, a duty or tax
Llgh enougn to protect us against its com
lng hereT mere migni do some sense
and reason in protection of that kind
But no; instead, these - unreasoning In
consistent fellows Insist that we shall
hold ont Inducements for this foreign
capital to come amongst us. It has
always struck me that this Is precisely
west we snould avoid doing. It is well
enough to hold out Inducement for such
csDltal to become domestlcated-naturallz-
ed, as it were, but not otherwise. But
why does It come? It comes because we
hare not thanks to our financiers suf
ficient of our own native capital to satisfy
our own needs In the transaction of our
necessary business. It comes to compete
with our own money, to displace It If pos
sible, upon our own soil: and at the end
It leares us taking way both principal
and interest. ..Every dollar of that Inter
est represents a day's work ef one of our
people, taken awsy fretn bs, and b a dead
lot and wests to ns. Millions of dollars
worth of this foreign money Is todsy
loaned, fastened upon the hemes aswl
farms of the people of Nebraska aa
neighboring stales, sucking greedily as
many days labor from us, and what have
we V show for them t
What does this aneanT It saeans that
our people need and must hire more
money in order to lire and do business.
Uur own government refuses to las-ia and
put Into circulation enough money for
thesa, and conseqnently we are compelled
to retort to foreign capital to supply oar
needs. In my Judgment there never was
a more idiotic cry than that we should be
careful not to drive awsy foreign capital,
which we so often hear from some of oar
We are often asked this qtfnn:
"Where shall we limit the volume of ear
currency in circulation V As a matter of
fact no definite limit can oe ciea. ror ta
reason that the rolume cannot be repaint
ed by toe law (?) of supply and demand.
Money is not regulated, nor governed ty
that law. if any such there be. It
operates by the very opposite of that rule.
ThM Is evident from the fact that just in
proportion ss the supply Is increased the
demand Is stimulated, by multiplying and
Increasing Its uses and opportunities: and
the proof may bs found by recalling the
years succeeding the close of the war, be
fore contraction bad got la its deadly
work. Then we had the largest amount
per capita in circulation, and the country
and our people were never In such a
proaperons condition. Everybody snd
every brsnch of business wss alive, active
and energetic. Debts were being wiped
out, mortgages cancelled, and the demand
for more money among tne people ret
use was every day on the Increase. It Is a
fact, I claim, that while with ererything
else demand stimulates and Induces sup
ply, with money the rolume in circula
tionit Is exactly the opposite. There it
is the increased supply that stimulates
and Increases demaad.
But to return to the question. I will
suggest a trial "limit" for the volume of
circulation. Let the government Issue snd
put into circulation enough money of our
own to effectually supply the present
needs of our people so that- they can re
tire and dismiss every dollar's worth of
foreign capital now "drawing" upon ns
like a "fly blister." Try that awhile and
we can soon tell whether we need any
more or not. At leat let not our protec
tionist lawmakers discriminate against
it as they discriminate against foreign
goods and manufactures, snd be at least
One word more, in conclusion. We
hear a loud call for' an "honest dollar,"
bat ther Is always a peculiarity In the
tone of voice that at once compels the
suspicion that the fellow that makes the
cry is hardly at par with the kind of dol
lar he demands. My opinion is that any
dollar that is or may be issued by our
government, and made a full legal tender
is an honest dollar, whether It be gold,
silver, or paper: and that no dollar can be
honest that lacKS this quality. And my
opinion, further is, that any man or set (f
men, or party, that attempts to cry down
or depreciate any real money issue of our
goverment, lacks very little of being a
traitor to his country, and sn enemy to
As to the free coinage of silrer. there is
just as much right and reawn for it as
there Is for free coinage of gold; and for
myseir 1 say tnat until tne people nave
learned sense enough to demand the
demonetization of both gold and silver
let us have both coined upon equal terms.
The secret? of the demand for a single
standard is much the same that governs
the corporations when we are about to
elect our legislators. They confine their
Influence principally to the senate, be
cause it Is smaller and more easily
handled. With a single gold standard
the ghmblers can control the market, and
continne to dictate terms eren to the
general government itself.
The question of Insurance agHlnst loss
by Are, lightning, tornadoes, windstorms
and hall is a question that affects every
citizen in proportion to his or her proper
ty and Investments subject to destruction
by the elements, hence It becomes leglt
mate to levy a tax for that purpose.
The cheapest mode of insurance would
be to levy a small tax upon all the taxable
property of state for Insurance, to provide
a fund In the state treasury to protect the
citizen against loss.
There always will be Improvident peo
ple in the world, and by this plan all
would b Insured and the benevolent peo
ple would not be called upon to assist In
making good the losses of the Improvi
dent and persons who fail to avail them
selves of the present modes of insur
ance. A very small levy upon the Grand
Duplicate of the state would produce
funds enough to meet and liquidate all
the damages resulting from causes usual
ly Insured against, and would not mater
ially increase the expense of carrying on
the state government.
A tax for Insurance is just as reason
able and legitimate as a tax for schools.
school houses, the support of the poor, or
almost anr other purpose for which taxes
The taxation plan of Insurance would
make Insurance universal and cheap, be
cause the same otllcers who collect other
taxes would collect this tax, hence It
would at one stroke abolish all insurance
agencies and companies so far as this
state is concerned; and relieve the people
from supporting their very expensive
officers and business, besides paying
iare dividends Upou lueir enormous cap
ital held In comparative idleness for
the protection of their policyholders.
An insurance law properly framed.
guarding the taxpayer against dishonest
oflicisls, and the state against dishonest
losers, would reduce insurance to the
minimum, and would meet with the un
qualified opposition of all the Insurance
companies and their agents and
The losses paid should be In proportion
to the property listed for taxation by the
loser, and in case of crops destroyed by
hail in the proportion of the average crop
In the immediate vicinity of the storm
track. , . . N. R. S.
Culbbhtson, Neb, May 16, 18tr2.
1 see the World-Herald ot May 11th
says that grain Is now being shipped
irom umcago to JNew lork lor nve cents
per bushel owing to the competition of
the lakes, and that the formers of the
west will get b eneflt, We have not
felt the effect yet. Wheat is lower and
corn is worth no more than last
, The same sheet says Mr. Bryan is
going to have an authorized survey of the
Platte river, so we will have water com
petition here In Nebraska.
Why dont Mr. Bryan uree Uncle Sam
to take charge of the U. P. R. R. and
give us transportation at cost? Then we
would have something that would not
dry or freeze up, and would compete all
the year round.
Okck A Democrat.
In Cuming County.
Pres. H. W. Lease sends us notice that the
Cuming County Alliance will hold Its
next regular meeting at Beemer, at 10 a.
m. June 18th. All sub-AlMances should
be represented as there will be important
ltLAcaaiao, Xsb, II sy 9. 1W2.
Isreom Alliavcb Imd-p-dt:
Having s cooiT4sti.iu about U build a
e hareh 1 wrote to a friead for the price
of a carload of lumber. This Is his
yiaiEAFous, Minn- April 33, 12.
7a 1 BSD Nob:
Your feror of 83rd received. Rerard
lag the shipment of lumber will say 1 do
not see how we could help yon out rery
well. By an agreement between the
holesalers and the retailers we caanot
fill soy bills that would naturally come t
them. 1 do oet believe that you ccn do
hotter than to firure with dealers In all
the towns nearest there and thus ensble
rou to obtain the smallest possible
So there is aa end of carpenters, build
ers, and churches buying carloads of
lnmber from the manufacturers because
the retailers have made a combination
ssralnst it Do the retailers bid against
each other? They axed to. but ther
will soon stop it like the storekeepers, it
they hsre not already. The pa bile will
be forced to pay just what they please,
aad they will probably imitate the noble
railroads and put on all the traffic will
Now, Mr. Editor, every man who per
forms necessary serrice for the public
has s right to expect remuneration for it.
In the words of the good book. The la
borer is worth of bis hire." Few men
are unwilling to pay for what is of real
worth or merit to them. But when men
step in offering unnecessary and unde
sired services and not only ssk bat com
pel the public to pay for them, and to
glv them a living and a fortune, they
are in my view no better than the foot
pad who levels his pistol a: you and
takes away your money. The public is
not obliged to maintain them. Ineyare
not producers of vi.lue nor promoters of
prosperity, comfort. Intelligence or mor
ality. They are leeches and parasites.
But I do nut mean to say that all lumber
men are such and that they perform no
real service for the public. When pur
chasers cannot pay cash or cannot bay
enough for the wholesalers to bother
with it It Is a convlence for them to have
dealers who will give them credit and
take their small orders. If the manufac
turers und wholesalers were to take
small orders and give credit it would
necessitate collectors or paying for col
lections. Tbo retailers who save the
wholesalers this work have the right to
expect pay for it. All the work connect
ed necessarily with the supplying of the
public the consumer must pay for, and
they do not complain about it. But they
do complain about being prevented from
assisting to supply themselves and made
to pay toll for unnecessary service to the
middle-man. The middle man has a
place, but let blm keep it.
A long-suffering public has borne these
Impositions for a long time, but a goodly
portion of It has resolved that they ska'.l
cease. And if the middle men cannot
find their place they are likely soon to be
shown It in short fashion. What 1 have
said applies also to the storekeepers,
the stock yards, and perhaps others.
And now learn a parable of thealllauce
In the morning he arlseth and attireth
himself In his overalls and his broad
sombrero and goeth forth into the field
Verily, verily I say unto you that even
J. Gould in all his glory was not arrayed
like one of these.
And as the spring advhnceth the
weather wsxeth warmer and warmer, and
be tilleth the soil in the sweat of his
And ns he ralseth his grain his hopes
also rise and he salth unto himself, "In
the fall I will pay off my mortgage."
But when fall cometh prices are low and
the Interest thereof consumeth his crop,
and he flndeth himself in the same cir
cumstances that he was Id this time
And he goeth to his home and voweth
to the partner of his joys that verily this
shall not go on forever.
And he goeth forth and talketh to Lis
neighbor and salth, "Have we not labored
to provide for the wants of our families
and have our labors not been in vain?
Aud what has been our recompense?
And now let us go hence and band our
selves together to fight the kings of Wall
Street that our substance may not be con
sumed by him that stealeth, but by him
And they raise a mighty army and the
kings of Wall Street see and tremble, but
they say, "IIow cau this thing be? Who
are these that presume to overthrow our
mighty kingdom?" And they laugh It to
acorn and say, "Do they not know that
our gold and our silver and the power
thereof is not to be shaken by these hay
seeds?" But this band groweth and tlourisheth
nntll it becometh a mighty power in the
land, and verily, verily we shall see.
N. R. B.
The People Should Hake the Laws,
Leaders in thought and argument we
will always have. They will never lack
for opportunity to exert their full force
In moulding public opinion. To that
extent we can safely accept their
Representative democracy is quite an
improvement upon monarchy, yet it re
tains very largely ot objectionable
The realisation of the government that
"shall not perish" has seemed so far in
the future that its advocates cannot be
blamed for lapsing at times into inactivity
but judging by the tone of the press in
the last few months and other signs of the
times which by some perhaps have not
y-t been discerned, there Is good cause
In every meditation upon the subject
of political government I invariably
arrive at the conclusion that we will
never have an abiding, a just, or a chris
tian government until the masses cease to
confer upon the few the power to make
The authors of our constitution were
far seeing men yet when they conferred
upon the people the right to assemble for
the purpose of discussing public measures
and the privilege of petition, they may
have builded better than , they knew.
These two conditions will develop into a
government that will in time dispense
with that in ich condemned individual
the middle man.
The transient owners o' merchandise
and the agents who make our laws stand
la different relations to society, yet the
higher, laws of economics indicate
the future uselessness of both classes.
Our facilities for revising the political
creeds are not adequate to the demands
of a public opinion that is constantly be
ing enlightened in an ever increasing
ratio, and it seems a rational concept to
the future that Ihe people will be on con
stant legislative duty and that a law that
has outlived its usefulness will be
promptly replaced by one that is
applicable to the current needs of
I confess to many dlsapelntments in
trying to impress the minds of others
with the necessity and feasibility of "we,
the people" doing our own legislative
I am not a critic yet 1 see a weakness
in the prevailing legislative philosophy
which if not overcome will ever prevent
the realization of our highest conceptions
of political justice.
Where coeHeac U never reposed con
fidence Is never betrayed.
When we discharge oar psper political
wad Into the political safe known as the
ballot box, our political gun Is empy
and csnnot be rehwded for years. We
sre prisooers gnsrded by political masters
who Issue our supplies in kind aad quali
ty t suit themselves.
"Eternal vigilance is the price of
Think of standing guard over a Jewel
when the robbers know that we are out of
Ererr citizen should retain the
sovereign right to rote upon measures
not men." Our boaited -popular
sorereienltv" permits us to elect directly
and Indirectly In round numbers four
hundred sovereigns whose authority is
little short of absolute. Four hundred
kings fix their own wage for professing
to voice the will or twelve million voters
who Imagine themselves to be the free
men of America. Where Is the
Switzerland lost her confidence In
representation and developed a system
wnlch rendered it useless.
There must be yet another "birth of
freedom" In America. No one has the
termerity by public speech to deny any
citizen the moral right to a voice in tbe
final disposition of public measures.
IIow many Americans want to rnle
over men? How many want to be ruled
by any portion of society less than a
numerical majority T
Convince the populace that direct leg
Islatton Is practicable and tbe reformation
is near at hand.
Our Nineteenth Century facilities for
voicing the sentiments of the nation en
able us to make a decision within the
space of a week. 1'he announcement Is a
matter of minutes. Verily, science is
preparing the way.
On with the reformation.
J. M. Stbahe.
May Flower, Neb.
Nine Versa Twelve,
There are more than sixty-three
millions of people in the United States.
The family average is put at five per
sona. This would make in the United
States something more than twelve
million homes Mr. Porter's census
figures show the actual number of
homes to be 12. 6 0, 000. Mr. Porter's
census also shows that nine millions
of these homes are mortgaged. Three
fourths of all the homes in the United
States are under direct tribute to the
money power! This is a taxation in
conceivable, for no matter what wo
call It, it is a tax, and must be paid
out of the resources of the home.
For this condition of things the
government of the United Slates may
be justly held responsible. Every one
ot these mortgages, the warrants to
tax, is a child of our credit system;
not one of them would have been
mad) had there bioa no (credit sys
tem. A scarcity of money is both
father and mother of debt People
must live and do business. It they
cannot get money to do a cash busi
ness, they will do a credit business.
Tho only source of money supply Is
the general government; no other
power can make money. Hence if
money Is scarce the government Is re
sponsible for it. If a credit business
is done, the government is responsi
ble for It for It It, being the only
power that can do so, had provided a
sufiicioncy of money, people would
have done a cash business, no debts
would' have been contracted, and no
mortgages made. Hence the govern
ment is responsible in a general way
for this mortgaged condition of tho
homes of the people for permitting its
people to be taxed by private Indi
viduals, corporations and foreign syn
dicates. Had a foreign power pre
sumed to lovy a tax upon United
States citizens the dogs of war would
have been called from their kennels,
and would have swam to the offend
ing nation on a sea of blood. But
combines, gold hoarders, plutocrats
and syndicates, may tax the people
at will, may, pirato-liko, lay three
fourths of America's homes under
tribute, and not one word of protest
comes from tho American govern
mont : but, on the contrary, laws
needed to rivet this taxation upon the
peoplo are promptly enacted, and all
means of relief denied.
But ull things have an end. Day
ends in night, quiet in turbulence,
peaco in war, safety in danger, hope
in despair, life in death. God save
our country from the fate of other
nations, from an ending in blood, but
ho who sees no ' danger is asleep and
blind, Southern Alliance Farmer.
Advlne to Farmers.
BY A POLITICAL SOLOMON.
Don't meddle with politics.
Don't handle your own political af
fairs for yourself.
When you see a candidate who ad
vises you not to meddle with politics,
set him down as your best friond who
wouldn't on any account, work in the
interest of political rings, but will at
all limes protect and defend tho
sacred rights and privileges of the
J'ioneof the quenions in the econ
omy of life should enter into your pol
itics or oa any account be meddled
with by you.
It Is through disbelief in the teach
ings of tho political sages and guides
of the political organizations, that the
strength and effectiveness of indus
trial organizations have been ren
dered comparatively powerless. Just
so long as you continue 10 go into pol
itics, just so long will you' be unsuc
cessful in securing- right aud justice.
I wish to ask you in what way, and
when, has any neglect ever met your
appeals or petitions when properly
presented through an old-time pol
itician? Do not cease to be political mer
chandise. Do not assert your sovereignty.
Do not be men.
Do not seek to manage your own
Let the lawyers and rinjs dictate to
Do not combine your strength for
right and justice.
Praise the man who woujd be your
political master in this republic.
Give these political frauds a chance
to gloat over the successful deceptions
that would place them where they can
sell you. your labor and your freedom
to bhylocks, oppressions and systoms
Don't organize with tho People's
party now seeking to organize
throughout the land.
Elevate to trawer all those who
have robbed the pcole of the public
lands end enslaved wwu to a villain
ous system of finance vo make ycu
victims to the financial talent" of
Lombard street, London, and the
money kings of Wall street, New
York Topeka Tribune.
PLATT0EM aSD address of the
EIDZPE5DEHT PASTY. .
Adopted at St Louis, February 24, 1891
"This, tbe first rreat labor conference of
tbe Called Btales and of tbe world, repreeeit
tina; all dlrlsioes of urban and rural organ
ised industry, assembled In national eonaresa.
Invoking upon its action the blessing and pro
tectlea of Almlghtf Ged, puts forth to and
for tbe producers of this nation, this declara
tion of union and ladepenUen-ie
The eondltloas which surround us best
Justify our 00 operation. We meet in the
midst of a nation brought to tbe verge t mo
ral, political, and material ruin. Corruption
dominates the ballot box, the legislatures, the
oogress, and touches even the ermine of the
beach. The people are demoralised. Many
of the states liave been oempeUed to isolate)
the voters at the ptlling places in order to
prevent universal intimidation erbribery.The
newspapers are subsidised or muszled, publio
opinion silenced, business proetrtUM, our
homes covered with mortf apes, labor impov
erished, and tbe the lead eoneeatrating- in tbe
bands of capitalists. The urban workmen are
denied the rig-ht ef org-asizatlon fer self -protection:
imported pauperized labor beats
down their wages; a hireling- standing- army
unrecognized by our laws, is established to
shoot them down, and they are rapidly de
generating to European conditions.
"The fruits of the toll of millions are boldly
stolen to build up oolosasl fortunes, unprece
dented in the history of tbe world, while their
possessors despise the repubiio and endanger
liberty. Prom the same prolific worn b of gov
ernmental Injustice we breed the two great
olassee paupers and Billionaires. The na
tional power to create money is appropri
ated to enrich bondholders; silver, which has
been accepted aa coin since the dawn of his
tory, has been demonetized to add to the
purchasing power ef gold by decreasing
value of au forms of property as well as hu
man laber, and the supply of currency is
purposely abridged to fatten usurers, bank
rupt enterprise aad enslave Industry. Avast
conspiracy against mankind has beea organ
ized on two oontinenu aad is taking posses
stt n of the world. If not met and overthrown at
oace It forebodes terrible social oonvilsions,
the destruction of oivllizatlon, or the estab
lishment of an absolute despotism.
"In this orisis of human affairs the iatell
gont and working people, producers of tbe
United States, have oome together In the name
of Be ace, order and society, to defend liberty,
prosperity, and lust ice.
"We declare our unloa and independence.
We assert our purpose to vote with that po
litical organization which represents eur
"We charge that the controlling Influences
dominating the old political parties bare al
lowed the existing dreadful conditions to de
velop without serious effort to restrain or
prevent them. Neither do they now intend
to accomplish reform. They have a arreed to
gether to ignore, in the coming campaign ev
ery Issue butone. They propose to drown the
outcries of a plundered people with the up
roar of a sham battle over the tariff; se that
corporations, national banks, rings, trusts,
"watered stocks," the demonetization of sil
ver, and tbe oppressions of usurers, may all
be lost sight of.
'They propose to saotifloe our homes and
children upon the attar of Mammon, to de
stroy tbe hopes of the multitude in order to
secure corruption funds from the great lords
"We assert that a political organization, rep
resenting the political principles herein stated
is neoessary.to redress the grievances of
which we complain.
"Assembled on the anniversary of the
birth of tbe illustrious man who led the first
great revolution on this continent against
oppression, tilled with sentiment which act
uate mat grana generation, we sees to re
store tbe government of the repubiio to the
hands of the "plain people" with whom It
originates. Our doors are epento ail points
of the compass. We ask ail honest men to
join with and help us.
'In order to restrain the extortions of ag
gregated capital, to drive the money
cnangers out of the temple; to form a perfect
union, establish Justice, insure domestic
tranquility, provide for the common defense,
promote the general welfare, and secure the
blessings ef liberty for ourselvee and our pos
terity, we do ordain and establish the fol
lowing PLATFORM Or PRIHCIPLBS:
We declarethe union of the labor forces
of the United States, this day accomplished,
peimanent and perpetual. Hay its spirit en
ter into all hearts for the salvation of the re
pubiio and the upliftingof mankind.
Wealth belongs to him who creates it. Ev
ery dollar taken from industry without an
equivalent is robbery. If any will not work
neither shall he eat. The Interests of rural
and urban labor are the same; their enemies
"1. We demand a national currency, safe
sound and flexible, Issued by the general
government only, a full legal tender for all
ebts, publio and private, and that without
the use of banking corporations, a Just, equit
able means of circulation, at a tax not to ex
ceed 2 per oent as set forth in the sub-treas
ury plan of the Farmers Alliance, or some
better system. Also payment In discharge of
its obligations for puDlio improvements.
"8. we demand free and unlimited coinage
"8, We demand tkat the amount of circu
lating medium be speedily Increased to not
less than $50 per capita,
"4 We demand a graduated Inooraotax.
' I. We believe that the money of the
country should be kept as much as possible
in the hands of the people, and hence we de
mand that all national, and state revenue
shall be limited to the necessary expenses of
the government, economically and honestly
' We demand that postal savings banks
be established by the government for the
safe deposit of the earnings of the people and
to facilitate exchange.
"7. The land, inoluding all the natural re
sources of wealth, is the heritage of all the
people and should net be monopolized for
speculative purposes, and alien ownership of
land should be prohibited. All lands now held
by railroads-and other corporations in excess
of thlr actual needs, and all lands now owned
by aliens, should be reclaimed by the govern
ment and held for actual settlers only.
"8. TranBDortation beinir a means of ex
change and a publio necessity, the govern
ment snoum own nnd onerate the railroads
in the interest ef the people.
"9. The telegraph and telenhone. like the
post olHce system, being a neoessity for the
transmission of news, should be owned and
operated by the government iu the interestof
STATE LECTURERS DATES.
Dates of Asslstsnt State Lecturer W. F.
May 23 to 28.
" 30 to June 4th.
Assistant Lecturer Falrchlld will be in the
following counties on the dates naroee: "
Cherry, , 30-31
June 1 2-4.
The tmcors and members of the county
alliances hould bpc that the meetings are
properly rppointed and well Rdvertised, that
people may reap the bencQt of these lectures.
8tate Lecturer W. H. Dech and J. B. Homine
will bold aet'ries of meetings In Seward coun
ty beginning at
Gernoantown, June 4.
Bc , " 6.
Vtiea. " 8.
Beaver Crosdng, " 8.
Olendale Alliance in J tewt ship, " 10.
Friendville, " 11.
All publio nieetinrs and everybody invited.
Speaking to begin at " :o0. p. m.
Pres. Powers' Appointments.
President Powers has made the following
announcements for Mav and June, and will
be In the cotiniief on dates name.1. Local
committees should arrange places and time
of holding meetings and notify State Sec
retary Thompson as soon 1 8 possible where
thev have not a ready done so,
Lor g Pine.
JnneSd, 1 p m.
Keya Pnha county:
THOMPSON, BEL DEN & CO
S. W. Cor. 16th & Douglas St,
If you want Reliable
at correct priors.
Send for our illustrated spring catalogue
mailed free upon application. Charges pre
paid on mail orders. Mention this paper
The Xaost Fewwrful,
1 7t the Simplest ta
w- r 11 K m sr-;sw A.
M Kilt W TO US fUT.
Wood and Steel Mills also Wood and Steel towers .
Our mills are guaranteed to not be excelled by any and we can make you low prices and
low freight rates. Il eur mill should blew off the tower or need any repairs within a
year from tbe time of sale, we will replace same free of charge.
36-lrn SPENCER MANUFACTURING CO., Blue Springs, Neb.
This Institute Las four courses of study, viz: Business, Short
band, Penmanship and Telegraphy. The shorthand course in
cludes instruction in shorthand, typewriting, penmanship,
correspondence, initiatory book-keeping and spelling. This is
undoubtedly the best equipped Short-hand school in the west;
it has 15 typewriting machines, each having aa elegant drop
cabinet which keeps it clean and free from dust when not in use..
The business course is most complete, thorough and practical,,
and includes instruction in book-keeping by single and double
entry, rapid business writing, business arithmetic, commercial
law, business correspondence, actual business practice, rapid
ralculation and spelling.
The department of telegraphy is in charge of agentleman
who has had twelve years experience in railroad and telegraph
service. The course includes instruction in telegraphy, rapid
drill, plain penmanship, railroad book keeping and spelling. -students
prepared here readily secure situations as station agents
and telegraph operators. .
The penmanship department is designed to prepare pupils to
teach penmanship. Instruction is given in plain and ornamental
penmanship of every description by one of the finest penmen in
A full staff of experienced and capable teachers are employed
and a course of instruction in any department of this school will
be of lasting value to every earnest and faithful pupil.
Good board and lodging may be obtained at from $2. 50 per
Catalogue And Journal of Education will be mailed free on
application. An elegant set of capital letters fresh from the pen
that cannot be equaled by any one else in the west, will be sent to
those who ask it and enclose ten cents in postage stamps.
Address LILLIBR1DGE & COURTNEY, Proprietors,
43tf LINCOLN, NEBRASKA.
OUf? GOUfwTFT AND FAQ.
THE cut presented here is a fac simile of a badge designed and patented
by Mr. Bignell of Cheyenne, Wyoming. This badge is intended for use by
members of the Peeple's Party, and reads: "People's Party ; ror our Country
and Flag; America."
Mr. Bignell is a member of Cheyenne Assembly, No. 2487, Knights of Labrr.
These badges are made in Solid Gold at SI.50 each; Gold Plated, 75 cents: and
In silk 10 cents, reading the "People's Party Campaign badge." This Badge is
for the millions, (iood airents wanted everywhere. WiHutAHi,tiD4,niA. w
JRrticulars and agency. 49tf GEORGE BICNELL, Cheyenne, W0-
aFor sale at this office. Mention this paper. '
GOODS? MIPR & PAIS
By S. S. KING, Kansas City, Kan.
A Portrayal of Some Political Cnmes
Committed in the Name of Liberty.
Facts and Figures Irom the Eleventh Census
With maps and Illustrations;
Massachusetts enabled to accumulate nore
wealth than nine great western and southern
states! Pennsylvania more than twelve 1
New York more than fifteen! Agriculture
and labor robbed. Read what they ssy :
Congressman O. M. Kem, Nebraska: After
careful perusa1, 1 unhesiutingly pronounce
it a grand little work: and ought to he in tbe
hands ot evory American ciuzex.
Senator W. A. Pefler You hare done a
good work In youi little book 'Bond Holders
and Bread Winners. It Is the beet (tresen
tatlon of the subject ever made.
C. C. Post, tho great leader and auther of
Georgia: It Is a valuable addition to the re
form literature of the day. The showing of
who wins and eats the bread of the people is
elear and lucid. The work is unusually read
able. Single copies 25c. Address all orders.
ALLIANCE PUB. CO.. Lincoln, Neb.
"Mep in tbe Middle of tbe Road.'
people's Party Medal !
Msrte of solid Aluminum, the siie of a silver dot
lar, weighs about as much m a twenty Are cent piece
Aluminum Is stronger than Iron md no heaTlet
Chan wood. It is more valuable to humanity thau
gold or silver, its cost In Dum is no greater mai
copper and It Is becoming cheaper from day to day
as unnrovea meiniMi nr secur nr it are ueviseu
The best practical Illustration of the fallacy of bar-
that ot gold or silver, though their market value 19
higher. The reverse side of the medal contains th
words: "Commemorative of the Founding of th
People's Party Slav 19th and 20th. 1991, at Cincinnati
Ohio." It Is sold for the purpose of ralalng cam
paign funds for the National Committee.
PRICE SO OBKTTS.
Liberal discount to reform speakers snd organl
latlons. It Is expected that many speakers will be able to
pay their way by te sale of this medal
Leteverybodv boom Its sale.
In ordering state whether you want the msdat
tttached to a pin to be worn as a badge, or plain, to
w carried as a pocket piece.
ALLIANCE PCB. Co.. LiacolnJieb.
J. II. PARR &
2045 M Street, Lincoln,
In all localities where we have no estab
lished agents, we wl I sell directly to jou
st prices which will Ve satisfactory.
Tf you are needing anything In wind
mills, pumps, tank., pipes, etc., we would1
be glad to have you correspond with us. We
We Sell to all for Cash and to
All for the Same Low
We guarantee the price on every arti
cle in our store and will refund the mon-
S ev those who think they have paid too
ff much. If thai is the way you like to do
business we want your trade. We want
those who cannot call at the store to send
for samples. Yours etc.,
replete with everything in the
Prices to uit the times
f. UBIS. S CO.
iitt irwrket sev-
erai pin- tomnii-1 -pt ;;.tr
cf " Hch!ter t'icti'tiiujy
otfeiL.. t.t Ijw t. rices
I an -riultrCe t-ilit:-n
Tilery Looks, me
crin Tapper0, dry roni Uraler, piwr, cinthif r.B,
etc., and In a lew i stance?' by ti'.vi paper g hh
premium far mitHi-n,plini!n. Bi;ik cu sitting
partiy or wholly vf tin cuinpaiiivwiy
rwprintar given v.-si ioti n;tinet, "Tha Original
Weber's Lictfniiirv," "tte Ivor's Eneyeinr nlie
dictionary," " Wei M? r"s l"nabridfrd," " Wet
ster's Biix dictionary, etc., etc. Many announce
ments concerning lUcsu
are very mislea-iinjr, l-i:t tlio Webster reprint
portion nf each from A to Z is the same, forty
five years behind the time., and printed from
plates made by photographing the n!d pages.
There are no illustration! in the bdy of tne?e
book p. and pitch as sre ?rup?d at fehe back nre
mostly discarded pictures frorai old books. The
Long Since Obsolete
is padded out by various additions culled from
various sources, but the body in the Asm e that
was published when Polk was president and duly
buried at tho incoming of IjncoJa. The Wet)
Pt?r current fr-m Lincoln to Harrison, is the
popular copyrighted " tn abridged' which has
recently been superseded by Wetibs 1ntb
nationai. I'mit nary, n new beok froraeover to
cover, fully a'ast of ihe times.
Sf-Send for free pamphlet givn$ particulars.
C. & C. MERRIAM CO.,
Springfield, Mass., U. S. A.
W. C. T. U.
138 S 12th St., Lincoln.
First class table and attendance.
Lunches at all hours, 30tf
I.50 AND 9J100 f EK
HOUSE IN THE CITY.
E. JENNINGS, Proprietor.
Cor. 9th & Harney, Omaha, Neb.
Ihe LAIDLAW BALE-TIE CO.
ADJUSTABLE WIRE BALE-TIE.
Headquarters for this (Hass of Goods
WRITS TOU PRICES.
Station A, Kansas City, Mo.
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