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About The farmers' alliance and Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1892 | View Entire Issue (April 28, 1892)
f CIS ; IJIk.
AND NEBRASKA: INDEPENDENT.
LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, APJtIL 28, 1892.
THE FREE WOOL BILL.
The Finciples of National Taxation Die
cussed From an Alliance
Speech of Hon. W. K. $!ceighan in
The House of Representatives
April 6, 1892.
Mr. Chaibman: Owing to the fact
that my time . is limited, it is rot my
purpose to enter into any general dis
cussion of the tariff question at this
I have never been able to bring my
self to beiieve that it is the business of
the government to interfere in the regu
lation ana adjustment of the business of
onr people, believing as I do that the
men who are trained in the school of
actual experience know better how to
conduct and regulate their own business
than the members of this or any other
congress know how to regulate it for
Taxation is to levy and collect from
. the people a sullicient amount of money
to pay the necessary expenses of our
government, ui this tana 01 taxation I
do not complain, but, sir, when the
United States government lays its heavy
hand on my business for the purpose of
buuaing up the business 01 some one
else or takes a single cent from my fani
ily for the use and benefit of another
family I feel that the government is go
ing beyond its business and all laws
ha vine that end in view should be
promptly repealed on the grounds that
we have equal nents.
I shall support this bill for the same
reason that the gentleman irom Micm
gan Mr. BURROWS gave for opposing
it, that is because he thought its passage
would lead to a general reducaon of
our present high tariff taxes on the
goods for which the agricultural classes
are exchanging their products- I shall
support this bill for the reason that it
proposes to place the raw material for
the manufacturer ol woolen goous on
ths free list, thereby enabling ourrnanu
fac'.urers to produce cheap goods. And
for another reason, that it proposes to
make a very material reduction of the
protective duties on the finished pro
ducts, thereby bringing benefits to the
people much greater than any loss which
11s passage way email uu um wuui
growers. Whv should eight or nine families in
Nebraska be compelled to pay a tax on
wool ior the benefit of the one or two
men who insist oa keeping sheep, that
gentlemen on this floor tea us they can
not ana win not Keep unless we con
tinue to . submit to taxation for their
This bill strikes off the compensatory
duties granted the woolen manulact
urers on account of the present tax on
I am for this bill for another reason,
that it strikes off the odius specific du
ties which were designed to prevent
American consumers from getting the
full measure of benebt that would nat
urally come to them by reason of im
proved machinery or greater skill in the
manufacture of woolen goods.
I support this bill for the reason that
it provide for a great reduction of the
taxes on the cheaper grades of mixed
wool and cotton goods commonly worn
by the farmer and laboring classes. The
farmer of Nebraska wears these heavy
mixed goods in order to be comfortable
while ho looks after his stock or markets
his grain in our inclement winter weath
er. He cannot afford to wear the
higher priced all-wool goods; they are
among the things that this protective
system have placed among the luxu
ries. This bill proposes to place a better
grade of goods within the reach of our
people; it proposes that our people shall
be better clothed at a less expense; for
this reason it is opposed by the manu
facturing class, and for this reason it
ought to receive the sanction and sup
port of every friend of iabor.
If any man votes against this measuro
thinking that by taxing the cheaper
goods we will thereby compel our peo
ple to wear all-wool clothing, he will do
well to consider that the great mass of
our people can not afford to pay for
that class of goods, and that a vote
against this bill i3 a vote to prevent
them from getting better clothing; it is
a vote to continue to force the the far
mer to sell in a free trade market, and
to buy his clothing in a market ren
dered dear by a heavy tax. It is a vote
to compel the sfiopworkers of this
country to buy their clothing in a dear
market, while they have to compete
with the laborers of nearly every civil
ized country, who come here and enter
into competition with American labor
ers on our own shores and in our own
This is the reasen that the farmers
and workingmen cannot hope to be
able to clothe their families in the pur
ple and fine woolens worn by the fami
lies of the men who are here to lobby
against the passage of this bill. The pas
sage of this measuro will increase the
value of our farm products by lessening
the cost of the goods for which we ex
change them, and for this reason it
should receive the support of all the
Representatives of the agricultural sec
tions of the south aud west without re
gard to party.
I and the people that 1 represent are
in favor of a system of national taxation
that will compel the man who possesses
$1,000,000 worth of property to pay
more money for the support of the gov
ernment than it compels the man to
pay who only has $2,000 worth of prop
erty. Loud applause. Any system of
taxation that does not do this is not a
just and equitable system.
Gentlemen on this floor have been
talking about a tariff system that will
be equal and protect all alike. Such talk
is the silliest kind of silly twaddle. Any
system of tariff that takes $1 from the
farmer and brings him back but 50 cents
has robbed him of 50 cents.
When any fellow says to the farmers
of this country that "we have taken
from you $1 and brought back to you
$1.50" I want that gentleman to rise in
this house and tell this audience where
you get the 50 cents from. Laughter
find applause. Do you get it from the
manufacturer r Certainly not, for he is
the fellow that you are protecting. Do
you get it from the people that work in
the shops? Certainly not, for it is in their
interests that you invoke this extraordi
nary power to tax.
I am not, nor are the people that I
represent, advocating any system of
daddy government. Laughter and ap
plause. We are not asking that the
government shall take possession of our
business and ran it for us. Renewed
applause. All that we owe to this gov
ernment is our loyal support and our
just propoition of the money necessary
to pay its current expenses. This we are
ready and willing to pay.
Mr. ALLEN. Why you are a straight
Mr. McKMGHAN. No, sir; I am glad
that you mentioned it, for I have talked
with men in this house who claimed to
be democrats, and they are willing to
vote tor a reduction of tariff taxes oa
everything not produced in their own
districts. I Liu enter 1 Let me say to
you, my friend, that if the democratic
party proposes to reform the tariff in
that way most of the present members
of the party will nave been gathered to
tneir iamers Deiore me tariu is re
formed. Laughter. When you ask
members from the state oi Wisconsin to
vote to put lumber on the free list, and
refuse to reduce the tax on machinery
and saws, how do you expect them to be
I wish to say that I mean no disrespect
to the defenseless dead, when I tell yon
that I am not a democrat. I belong to
a party that believes in equal and exact
justice before the law. And I tell you
here and now that we will have more
than 9 members in the next congress. A
party that does not think that it is the
business of the government to take from
the earnings of one man and give it to
anotner. i applause.
There is no tariff reform in that kind
of legislation. Loud applause. I think
God that the threats of a sugar manu
facturer will not deter any member of
the Nebraska delegation from standing
in this house and saving that we are
Willing 1o pay taxes to support the gov
ernment, but we are not willing to pay
a single cent of tribute to a manufac
turer of sugar or to a manufacturer of
twine, w hen the democratic party puts
itseii in narmony witn the toiling mas
ses then and till then will it be entitled
to the support of the people of the coun'
try. Loud applause
You have failed to control this eov-
ernmcnt for the reason that you have
fa tered when duty called to heroic ac
tion. A new poll, ical party has entered
the field. It domands a reform of our
transportation system that will protect
our people from the extortions of the
great railway corporations; it demands
the restoration of silver to its old-time
place m tne currency of the country.
and that every dollar of money shall be
issued and controlled by the government
ana that it snail be all aiifce a legal ten
der; it demands a graded income tax
and the complete overthrow of the pres-
ent vicious system of tariff spoliation
mat ouua up tne protected barons who
rob our laboring classes under the form
ot law and according to the convention
alines oi society. When these wrongs
are righted, when these shackles are
stricken from the limbs of the indus
trial classes of America, then, and not
till then will the Alliance die out. Until
these reforms are accomplished the peo
ple wm continue me present azitation.
even though it may disturb the too sen
sitive nerves of those who cry out
about "anarchists" and "calamity
When the people ask for the free coin
age of silver, the opposition to it pre
dict the most direful calamity. , When
the people ask tor a proper regulation of
interstate commerce, the cry of calamity
is loud and long; when we ask that the
hand of the tariff robber be taken from
the pockets of our people, tne cry of
these aristocratic "calamity howlers"
goes up like the howling of a pack of
hungry wolves in a graveyard.
J. ho protectionists or this country do
not hesitate to contadict themselves or
to distort the facts in the economic
history of the world in their attempts
to prove that it is a good thing to com
pel one class of our people to pay trib
ute to another class, and that all the
periods of depression that we have ex
perienced in the past were the results
of the refusal of the "wicked free
traders'' to allow these pious protected
patriots to put their hands intothe pock
ets of along-suffering people.
Year by year this farce of protecting
the American laborer goes on: year af
ter year the jaded steed of protection is
led into the congressional circus ring,
"tne nana begins to play," and gentle-
menin masks ride him in full view of
an audience that would enjoy the show
better if it cost them less.
A WEDDING RECALLS A DUEL.
Iellst Marries the Wife of His Old
Adversary After Many Years.
Philadelphia, April 2(5. John C.
Hecksher, one of the most prominent
society men and millionaires of .N ew
York and Mrs. Henry Winthrop Gray,
a crass widow ot the most exclusive
New York set, were quietly married at
the Hotel Stratford. The bride
was the daughter of the famous
broker and wit. William Travers
In Ifif 3, Hecksher was very attentive
to Mrs. Grav who was then married
As a resnlt. Gray challenged him to i
duel and June 2'3.that year, the two mei
left New York with Carroll Livingstot
as Gray's second, J. W. Clawson as
Hecksher's and Dr. Peters as surgeon
Two daj-s later the principals met on
the field of I honor near Rouses Point,
Canada. Twelve paces was the distance
aud pistols the weapons. Gray fired firsi
and his bullet passed through the skin
of Hecksher's coat. The latter fired intc
the air and this ended the encounter.
Soon after his return to New York.
Gray secured a divorce from his wif
and three years ago married Miss Mat tie
Frelinsrlmysen, daughter of the late ex
secretary of state. Hecksher was inarriec
at the time and his wife trusted him im
plicitly. About a year ago she died and
after the usual mourning period Satur
day's ceremony was performed.
His Eye Knocked Out.
CoLCiiBtrs, Ind., April !0. Frank
Garriott, Al Crane and John Graham.
young toughs of this city, assaulted
David Tuthill. Constable Cnrist Val
mer attempted to arrest tliem. Thej
showed fight ami dealt him severs'
blows. He finally rallied, and in timi
knocked them down. With the as
sistance of other officers the three were
lodged in jail fearfully bruised. FranL
Garriott lost an eye in the fight.
Troops Ordered Home.
SaxAxtoxio, Tex., April. 26. Briga
dier General Stanley, commander ol
tt;i3 military department, issued an or
der for all troops now in the field guard
ing the Mexican border against a re
currence of tne tiarza revolution to re
turn to their stations, quiet having beer
restered. He also takes occasion to com
pliment the soldiers upon their bravi
ma emcient service. ... .
GjKoVE, IF IT WASN'T
"Xobet, the sotpfi
Onngressman Wynn of Georgia is Heady
to tio With His people into the
News in Other States Georgia
Fully in Line Alabama Com
ing. and "Still Thete's
More to Follow."
Col. Tom Wyn, congressman from
Georgia, has seen the error of .his way.
He has tried democracy once more and
found no balm in Gilead for the ills of
his people. Hence he tarns toward
the great party of the future, and"sets a
pattern for other honest men. The
following is Colonel Wynn's statement
"In my opinion the financial ques
tion is the great and overshadowing
question before the American people,
and through its rightful solution the
people look for that relief which they so
much need and in which they are so
deeply interested. The first measure
reported to congress looking to finan
cial reform and which has been dis
cussed was the bill for the
free coinage of silver, known as the
Bland bill. To that bill I gave my
hearty support in a speech delivered on
the 22d of March. I favored ibo bill,
not as a complete remedy by any means
for the evils that affect the people, but
because I considered it a step in the
right direction and would indicate the
purpose of the democratic party to
meet the demands of the people in the
line of financial reform.
If the present house, with its over
whelming majority, ignores the great
financial questions, which it has done
by the defeai of the Bland silyer bill,
with its slight concessions towards
financial reform, it can well be imag
ined what its action will be en the de
mand of the people Jor the abolition of
national banks and the issue of treasury
notes sufficient to raise the per capita
circulation to $30, as our people are
demanding. What favorable action
can be expected on our subtreasury bill
or the loan of money by the govern
ment on farm products? I must con
fess to you I see no indication on the
part of the house of representatives to
make a single concession to the people
on the line of their demands, and it is
with sorrow that I have to admit the
fact, because I have believed that all
needed reforms will come through the
democratic party in time.
I did not expect that all our de
mands would be obtained at once, be
cause all reform in our national legis
lature moves slowly. Ia the light of
recent developments I cannot close my
eyes to the fact that the money power
of this country absolutely controls both
political parties of the east and there is
no possible hope of that wing of the
party giving-tho people any relief. In
deed, I can see no difference between
the eastern democrats and eastern
republicans on the financial issues.
In view of these facts if our people
decide that it is necessary for us to act
independently of the national demo
cratic party in order to obtain these
demands, I am ready to go with my
people, and say in the language of Ruth
to Naomi, 'Entreat me not to leave
thee, or to return from following thee.
For whither thou goest I will go, and
where thou lodgest I will lodge. Thy
people shall be my people and thy God
my God. , WThere thou diest I will die
and there will I be buried. The Lord
The pat sent n
cumbient. rRONi TUB ... - Jii.
' T V t . 1
do so to mo and more also if aught but j
death part me and thee.'
THE MOVEMENT IN GEORGIA.
The sub alliances are indorsing the
St. Louis convention. I
'That means that many alliance men,
unless shown the error or their ways,
are going into the third party.
Editor Irwin of the Southern Alliance
Farmer. M authority forfth statement
that of the 2,200 sub-alliances In the
state over 1,600 have Indorsed the St.
Loui3 conference, and that but three of
those so far heard from have refused to
indorse that convention.
The returns seem to give great conso
lation to the third party men, and if one
half they claim be true they have a
right to be happy.
Editor Irwin of the Southern Alliance
"It is just paralyzing how ;the allian
ces are going into the third party. Out
of over 1,600 alliances reported only
three have failed to indorse the St.
Louis conference. And still they are
coming. I believe that when thfey are
all heard from there won't be enough
dissenting alliances to count.
You may put this down the Georgia
alliance is going inta the third party.
Not only the alliance is going into it,
but the workingmen in the cities and
professional and business men are join
ing in. Why, three prominent lawyers
f Atlanta told me that they were in
sympathy with the movement and had
joined the party." Atlanta Constitu
tion. THE SITUATION IN ALABAMA..
The alliance movement is strong in
Alabama, but up to the present time it
has worked within the democratic par
ty. Two years ago JKolb, the alliance
candidate for governor, was barely de
feated after a long contest in the demo
cratic convention. He is again a candi
date for the same office and will un
doubtedly be defeated again by a small
majority. There is a terribly bitter
contest on now, and it is thought that
Kolb and his friends will bolt the party
and come solidly into the people's
party. A newspaper correspondent
from that state says that in eight out of
nine congressional districts there will
bo people's party candidates for con
gress and they will be there to fight for
Parties and Principles.
. Though parties may change,
erate or die, principles never do
are as immutable as time itself. Par
ties are only transitory mere machines
to carry out principles and enact them
into law. The moment they fail to do
this they are useless, and only serve to
clog the wheels of advancing civiliza
tion. Parties are here to day, and gone
Principles are eternal.
Parties are the means;
Principles the end.
Parties may become corrupt;
Principles never. 1
Parties "are of the earth, earthly;"
Principles are divine.
The Skeleton in the Closet
Congress has a skeleton in its closet,
and its name is Financial Reform. It is
supposed to be securely kept under
lock and key, but sometimes the dread
spectre manages to evade the vigilance
of its keepers and stalks the floors of
congress in grim insistence. Then
pallid fear siezos domocrats and repub
licans alike and with bated breath and
knocking knees they brace one another
up to crowd back the hateful thing into
its abiding place. Its appearances are
becoming distressingly frequent and it
is evident that ht-re is a ghost that will
not be laid. Virginia to.
The Aajor and his
Zxamined as to Alleged Violations
. of the Civil Serv ice Law,
IN THE SUPREME COURT.
Decisions Handed Down By that High
Tribunal on Important Cases Cen
tral American Republics to Form
a Federation Oostlp.
Washington, April 20. The house
:ommittee on reform in the civil service
began its investigation into the alte
rations that the civil serviceJaw lias been
dolated by the federal officials at Balti
more. The resolution under which the
unnmittee is proceeding recites in the
Preamble that Theodore Roosevelt, the
:ivil service commissioner, in May,
1891, reported to tbo civil service com:
mittee that a number of federal office
holders in Baltimore took an active part
in the primaries and spent money for
politisal expenses, and as they admitted
violating the United States civil service
statutes, the punishment for which is
dismissal from office and imprisonment;
that the commission on Roosevelt's
findings recommended to the , president
the dismissal of the guilty officials, and
the Civil Service Reform association ot"
Baltimore called attention to the, fact
that no official action has been taken in
consequence. Therefore the committee
is directed to ascertain whether anv of
the guilty officials are in office" and
whether they have been indicted or
Postmaster (ieneral Wanamaker was
the first witness. Chairman Andrew
briefly reviewed the purpose of the in
vestigation, stating that twenty-one of
the officials violating th'e law were in
the Baltimore postoffice. He asked if
any of these persons were still is office
or had been indicted.
The postmaster general replied that
all were still in the employ of the gov
ernment and none had feeen indicted.
He said that the postmaster asserted
that an injustice had been done the
office holders in Mr. Roosevelt's report,
and witness thereupon ordered an inves
tigation by the postoffice inspectors.who
reported: "It is our opinion that the
facts do not justify the dismissal of the
employes or any one of them for the
violation of the civil service laws as
charged." The employes in the case,
said the witness, were poor men, soldiess
and sons of soldiers, and the amount of
their contributions was not much larger
than the sum that would bo required to
pay for printing the report of the civil
Mr. Boatner, a member of the com
mittee, asked of what use was the civil
service commission if the heads of de
partments had authority to go behind
the commission's report and direct inves
tigations on their own account.
The postmaster general replied that.it
was the first intimation given to him
that the civil service commission or any
other had control of departments inde
pendent of its head, and could steD-in
and ordor dismissals of its own sweet
Mr. Andrew asked the postmaster
general if an empleye who had made
one statement in April and amother at
a subsequent time, contradicting abso
lutely his former statements.onght to be
retained in office.
Mr. Wanaulaker said that he did not
think any untruthful person ought to be
employed, but he called attention to the
fact that nineteen of the men eontended
that they did not tay the words attrib
uted to them. He would not keep a
dishonest person in his employ, but he
referred to the fact that a man might
say that he had done something and had
told no person that he had not.
Mr. Wanamaker admitted that he had
not read all of the inspector's yeport.
Poter House, John Pisherg, a negro,
Robert Eastman and Dick Miller, all
young men, wore thrown out of a boat
while sailing on Bear Lake, Wisconsin.
Miller alone escaped'.
VARIOLOID IN DETROIT.
Brenght There by an Immigrant Family
9of Arrltsd from Germany.
Dbteoit, April St. A case of vario
loid has been discovered by the city phy
sicians in an immigrant family that ar
rived here recently. The patient is
Minnie Rhoda, an 8-year-old German
girl, and the physicians think she most
have been suffering from the disease for
Although the child is not In a danger
ous condition herself, the case is one of
grave importance from the fact trt
varioloid is as contagious as smallpox
and that the many people who have
been exposed to it through little Minnie
are liable to be seized with that disease.
Tlia family in which the case has been
discovered came from Germany on the
steamer Weimar, which arrived at Bal
timore fifteen days ago. The child has
been removed to the pest house, and
every precaution has bsea taken to pre
vent the disease from spreading.
Chicago, April 2k. After holding
three long and busy sessions the na
tional convention of Theosophists ad
journed. The executive committee for
the ensuing year was chosen. "Is it
reasonable to believe in Maliatamas?"
was the subject of a long discussion at
the morning session. One skeptical lady
wanted to know why these sages were
always located beyond the Himalaya
mountains. Mr. Judge replied that it
was necessary that they Btieuld be se
cluded, and that w.h seclusion would
be impossible in this country because of
the reporters, who would hound them to
ueuta and worm every secret from them.
Government Troops Acaln Boated by the
Berolutlvulsts Palaclo Preparing
Maracaibo, Venezuela, Anril 28.
The Federalists have fought another
battle with the government troops and
again scored a victory. The fight oc
curred in the plains near Valencia. De
tails of the losses on both sides have not
yet been received here, but the encounter
ia said to have been accompanied by the
usual number of desertions form Pala
cio's ranks to those of the ene my. The
rout of the government forces near Pa
li to the other day has further strength
ened the cause of the revolutionists and
reports reach this city of the spread of
the rebellion in both eastern and west
Tha oapitl is in- -greter- state of
alarm at present than at any time sinoa
the rebellion began. The foes of the ad
ministration are growing bolder in their
denunciation of its acts. Palacio is well
aware of the perils of the situation. It
1b pretty safe to say that should Ore spo
and his combined armies, which are
said to number about ten thousand men,
ever fight their way across the state of
Carabobo Palacio will promptly attempt
to put into execution his well planned
flight out of the republic.
Strikers In Trouble.
Chicago, April 20. George Schnrk
and Reynold Forsterling, striking Ger
man printers, assaulted two non-union
printers and were placed under arrest.
Three other strikers were arrested for
creating a disturbance in The Abend
Post office. The stereotyping machinery
of The Tagblat and The Abend Post were
tampered with and badly damaged.
Still Toting In Ithode Island.
Phovidence, April 2. A third at
tempt to complct e the city's representa
tion in the legislature proved futile and
another, trial will take place within ten
days. The vote was light, being 1,500
less than at the second attempt. Nine
representatives are to be chosen.
Washington, April 20. In the senate
Mr. Sanders asked for the consideration
of the resolution directing the president
to subscribe l&iO.UOO in the name of the
people of tte United States toward the
Grant memorial when ho shall be satis
fied that the Memorial a-sssociution has
jUO,000 already in its treasury. Mr.
Berry objected, and the resolution was
Mr. Cooke of Texus then adisreswd
the senate on the Bilver question. He
took strung grounds in tavor of free
Bilver and commented severely upon the
attitude of Mr. Cleveland upon this ques
tion. He contends that free coinage wan
the proper platform of the Democracy
as opposed to the Republican party and
denounced those who proposed to organ
ize a third party on that issue.
In the Supreme Court. '
Washington, April 20. The supremo
court in the case growing out of the in
solvency of the Wabash railroad, de
tided that the receivers were not obliged
to pay rentals on non-paying lines leased
to the Wabash at the time-the road became
bankrupt, nor to make such claims pre
The United States supreme court held
that there was no penalty imposed by
the oleomargarine act upon dealers wno
refused no neglected to keep the books
and make the monthly returns of re
ceipts and 6ales of oleomargarine re
quired by regulations issued under the
provisions of the act by the commis
bioi.er of internal revenue.
Piuu foi; a tlounlon.
Washington, April V6. The bureau
of American republics is informed that
the plan for the reunion of the five re
publics of Central America into a single
confederation has been again revived,
this time by the' republic of Salvador.
Washington, April 26. The treasury
department purchased 380,000 ounces of
silver as follows: Fifty thousand at
8?. 10c, 80,000 at 87.15c and 250,000 at
87.19c per ounce. The offers were 549,
0(10 ounces. The silver . purchased for
the month aggregated U,7y(3,000 ounces.
The Rush Awaiting Orders.
Washington, April 26. The revenue
cutter Rush has been ordered to Port
Townseut to await further orders (the
sealing instruction) before proceeding
to Bering sea.
The Wholesale Grocers Present Their
, Side of the Fight.
THEY GIVE SOME FIGURES.
A Hitter Controversy Over Freight Bate.
Complaints of Discrimination ralr
ad Bail Lines at War 8toamra
for the Missouri Blver.
Kansas City. April 26. The whole
sale grocers of WWhita, Hutchinson, Sa
lina and Arkansas City, Kan., have is
sued a circular explaining their side ot
the fight now going on in Kansas against
freight rate discrimisatiocs. They say
that the true nature of the warfare has
never been properly presented to the
public, and that wilful misrepresenta
tions of the case have been made. They
give illustrations of discriminations in
the following words:
The exact distance from New Orleans to
Wichita, via Fort Scott, Kan., i939 miles.
Of this through distance, the New Orleans
railroads haul a car of sugar to Fort Scott,
a distance of 78! miles (or over four-fifths
of the entire haul), and charge 30c pet
owt. At Fort Scott the augar is delivered
to the Kansas line (the Missouri Pacific
railway), which hauls it to Wichita, a dis
tance ot 167 miles, and less than one fifth
oi lue entire naui, and insists upon charg
ing 30c per cwt, making the through
freight charge to Wichita 00c per cwt. It
will be readily seen from the above flgnres
that the discrimination and over-charge
on this through rate exists betweed Fort
Scott and Wichita, and hence it was that
the railroad commissioners of Kansas or
dered the Kansas railroads to lower their
freight rates Into some proportion to the
chaige made by the New Orleans lines.
Again, the Santa Fe Railway company
hauls New Orleans sugar directly throngs
AskansasCity and Wichita to Kansas
City and only ebarges the Kansas City
merchant 80c per cwt., while if they drop
the carat Wichita the Wichita merchant
is compelled to pay 60c, although the dis
tance to Wichita is 221 miles less than to
Kansas City. Again, the Santa Fe and
Union Pacific companies haul sugar from
San Francisco through Hutchinson, Sn
lina and Wichita to Kansas City, charg
ing the Kansas City merchants 65c, and
the interior merchants 11.01 per cwt, al
though the distance to the interior cities
of Kansas is 250 miles shorter.
The hearing at Wichita takes place to
day and some effort will be made to solve
the Kansas rate problem, which baa
caused more bad feeling than any west
ern rate matter for years past. ,
Lake and BaH Lines at War.
Philadelphia, April 26. President
Eoberts talked freely concerning the
recent cnt in coal rates and future plans
of the Pennsylvania Railway company.
The company only reduced its rate on
coal to that charged by its competitors.
The general outlook points to lower
rates. The action of the lake and rail
lines in establishing a very low rate has
rirw.lnflfad thfk pnt nn all tV.a vail
and if the other lines want any of the
i ; . . . ..... .
uunruess wey ninst estaniisn a very low
rate so as to be able to compete with the
lake and rail routes. The tight between
the two carriers is bound to come and it
looks as if this was the beginning.
Steamers for the Missouri.
, Sioux City, Ia., April 26. The
steamer Libbie Concer. formerly aa
tipper Mississippi packet, arrived here,
and will at once ply the Missouri above
Sioux City. The first carsroes down will
be grain on a 10 cent rate, and will be
transferred to the Sioux City and North
ern. Another boat and two barges are
en route from St. Louis.
CALLED RAUM A LIAR.
Llvtly Bow During the Progress of tha
Pension Bureau Inquiry. 1
Washington. April 26. In the Raum
Investigation General Raum denied
making a statement to Congressman
Enloe in a private conversation. Mr.
Enloe sprang) up, called General Raum
a liar and seized a sponge glass
which , he endeavored to throw
but was prevented by Congressman
Cooper. General Raum also sprang up
and responded furiously, but hostilities
were finally prevented. ...
Business Education in Europe.
Philadelphia, April 20. The com
mittee appointed by the American
Bankers' association at its last meeting;
in New Orleans to select some one to in
vestigate the methods of business edu
cation in Europe has invited Professor ,
Edmund J. James of the Whaaton
School of Finance and Economy, Uni
versity of Pennsylvania,, to undertake
Want More Surplus.
New York, April 26. The United
States Express company will not pay
any dividend in May. Mr. Thomas
C. Piatt, the president, readily admitted
to a reporter. "We have already de
cided," he said, "to pass dividend again,
net because we have not earned one, but
because we think it better to increase
South Dakota World's Fair Interests.
Rapid City, S. D., April 26. Mrs.
William Duff Haynie, president of the
board, issued a call for a meeting of the
ladies' World's fair commission to be
held at Huron on May t. The men com
missioners will meet at the same time
and place, to provide, if possible, for a
South Dakota exhibit at the World's
Five Men Injured.
Joliet, Ills. , April 28 .A freight train
ran into a construction train on the
Rock Island road. Five men were in
jured, three so badly that they were)
taken to the St. Joseph's hospital , '
Goschen Is III..''
London, April 20. Mr. Balfour an
nounced to the house of commons that
on account of the illness of Mr. Goschen
the budget could not be taken up before
Thursday. By resolution the opening of
the debate was deferred accordingly.
Victoria at Darmstadt.
Berlw, April V6. Queen Victoria ar
rived at Darmstadt and was received by
her grandson, the grand duke, and other
members of the ducal family.
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