The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, February 11, 1892, Image 5
12 40 in greenbacks. In 18T0 wheat wm II 00 a bushel an 4 tbe bullion in aailver dollar was worth tl 03 ia gold, la the same year the total production of silver in America was on! $17,000,000. while in ISSW it wm ITU.401.645. InlSVO when silver was quoted at tl 10 an ounce and wheat at Chicago old for 90 centa; today silver ia quoted at 84 centa an ounce and wheat at Chi cago U 87 centa a bushel. Had the price of wheat been gauged by the price ,t)l ailver, wheatat Cnicago today would sell for only tiC centa a bushel. Three years ago corn was so cheap in Nebras ka and Kansas that it was used as luel and millions of bushels were burned in the place of ccaL today it sells at 25 to 80 cenU a bushel. The fact is that the decline and rise in the price of silver has no more effect upon the price of farm products than has the decline or rise in the price of copper or pig iron. The law of supply and demand governs the price of com modities as the law of gravitation gov erns the rise and fall of rivers. The po tentirj force that has lowered silver on the scale of prices has been the same force that raised it out of the bowels of the earth. When the production of our mines was small, silver commanded a higher price than when the output of the unties had increased and the cost of min ing had decreased. Since leTSlbe output of our silver mines has increased enor mously, while the amount and cost of labor expended in mining has decreased very materially. It is computed that the cost of mining the bullion contained in our standard silver dollar is 48 cent. Incidentally let mo call attention to the fact that the talk about crippling a great industry by withholding tree coinage is baseless. Silver mining has never been more profitable than it has been since congress made the coinage of twenty-four millions of silver dollars a year compulsory and especially since the act of 1890, which requires the sec retary of the treasury to buy and store away 4,500,000 ounces of silver every month. Colossal fortunes have been made in silver mining within the last fifteen years, although the wages of the miner nave been gradually going down, Tne mining of the precious metals is not such avast industry as many people imagine. All the gold and silver mines in the United States only employed 07, 307 persons in 1880 90. Their average earnings, including superintendents and mining experts was $729 a year, or $2 a day including Sundays. There are twice as many persons en gaged in farming in the state of Nebras ka alone as in all the silver mines of America, and the products of Nebras ka's farms for the year 1801 will yield more in gold dollars than all the silver mines in tho United States have yielded in any single year. Mr. Burrows insists that it takes twice or three times as many bushels of wheat or corn and other product of the farm to pay any given sum of interest, and he asserts that it would take twice as many products of the farm or factory to pay the small national debt of today, as it would have taken to pay the na tional debt at the end of the war. Such comparisons are deceptive. There are not two days in a year on which any given commodity will ex change for exactly the same quantity of other commodit'es. It is of no consequence to the farmer whether he gives fifty or 100 bushels of anything if the fifty bushels cost him precisely the same as the 100 bushels. One thousand bushels of wheat today will not pay as much on a farm mort gage as it would thirty years ago, be cause it does not cost tho farmer In days work to raise 1,000 bushels of wheat to day what it did 500 bushels thirty years ago both standard gold times. It is an established fact that a farmer can pay off bis mortgage now with wheat selling at 75 cents a bushel using the modern methods and machinery with the same number of day's work that would have been required to produce the same results before the war at $1 a bushel. Tutting his corn at 26 cents a bushel it would take the same number of days work to pay oil a given amount now that it would have taken in 1800 with corn at 41 cents a bushel. This results from the use ef improved machinery of today which has put down prices. All commodities that the farmer buys hdve fallen in price by a larger percen tage tlmu those which the farmer pro duces. The great fall in prices that has taken place within the last twenty -five years is bemoaned by free coinage men as the, direst calamity, when in fact it has proved a great blessing to the toiling masses in the workshop and on the farm. It has placed within the reach of these breadwinners commodities that wero considered luxuries fit only fer the rich. Cheap prices have marvelously in creased the consumption of all products Laborers who formerly only had meat pnee a week now have meat three times, a dt.y, When pebble paid 81 for six pounds cf Kurar they used sugar like medicine in teaspoonful doses. Now that they jret twenty-two pounds of sugar for $1 they use it as liberally as they do salt. And what is true of sugar is true of hundreds of articles that may be found in every household. But I cannot expect to con vi nee a m:in who claims that the people of the United States are paying $9 in interest for every paper, gold and silver dollar in circulation. If that were tmo we would be paying as interest fourteen thousand three hundred mil It oris of dollars a year or 4320 interest per capita $1,100 a year for every man with a wife and three children. Was there ever such teckless exaggeration. ME. BUEBOWS' BEPLY. I could be quite content to let Kesewater close the debate on coinaze with his article this week. Mr. freo and shall only briefly allude to some of ,hia glaringly incorrect assumptions. As to his figures about old coinage of silver 1 is quarrel is with the secretary of tho treasury, not with me. I quoted his figures correctly. And in either case bo material fact bearing on the actual question at issue Is proven. But Mr. Hose water's statement that the silver dollar was dropped out of our coinage in 1873 with the full knowl edge and approval of nearly every man in the country who at that time took any interest in the coinage or monetary questions, is simply monstrous. The tacts iu relation to this matter are his toric;;1., aT"l as stated. No person lias said that it was " tmuggled throng! by the connivance cf a majority of the members of both houses." What Is claimed is that it was Bmiig1od through by the connivance of a very few mem bers, and that tha great "majority of members of both housas " knew nothing about it. President Grant slated, years aflor wards, that he nig tied the bill of 1873 In Ignorance of its provisions dropping tne silver dollar. Kr.Gariield said, in lS, that he " was ashamed to confess that he did not know what was In tho bill demone tising silver when it passed it was put through upon the faith. of the chairman, Mr. Hooper of Mass. (lr. Garfield was a ruooibf r of the house in ISTo.ln Feb. 13, 1878. Mr. Vorheee said. "Its enactment was as completely unknown to the people astho presence of a burg lar in a house nt midnight is to its sleep ing inmates." Mr. Blaine, (who was speaker when tho bill passed tho house) said, " I think now, Tery clearly, with tho light before me, that It was a great blunder. I did not know aaylhiug tha was in the bid at all." Hon. Allen G. Thurman of the senate said, " I cannot say what took place in the bouse, but I know when the bill was pending in the senate we thonght it was simply a bill to reform the mint, regulate oiuags. and til up one thing and another, and there is not a single man in the senate, I think, un less a member of the committee from which the bill came, who had the slight est idea that it was even a hint towards demonetization." ilr. Kelley of Pa., March. 9. 1878, said that "tnougn chairman of the com mittee on coinage, 1 was as ignorant of the fact that it would demonetize tbe silver dollar from our coins, as were those distinguished senators, Messrs. Blaine and oorhes " Cent- Record- Tbe absolute recklessness and unre liability of Mr. Bosewater's statements may be seen from tho above. Only two or three members of congress, one of whom was John Shermttu, of Ohio, ' knew the villainy the bill contained, and the people were absolutely igno rant of it. ! Parenthetically, let me protest right here against the term " bony finger," as applied to any of my digits. Though i rather slight in build, I weigh 150 lbs. My frame Is well padded with healthy muscle and adipoise tissue; and to be held up as a haggard cadaver in behalf of the single gold standard is a stretch of editorial courtesy which cannot be permitted I do contond, as Mr. Rosewater says, that the net of 188 is largely responsi ble for tbe general depression and stagnation of busiuess since that date. I asked Mi. Bosewater, last week, to indicate some general cause that could produce these results, if that act, and the general subsequent legislation in line with it was nut the actual cause. He has failed to answer my question, though be quoted and fully understood it. Instead of attempting to answer be goes back to the period prior to 1873 i and attempts to account for the panic of that year. In doing this he misstates history, and shows an entire lack of un derstanding the cause of the " Black Friday "and the financial disaster of that year. He asks, "Will any free coinage man explain by the prosper ous era following the war. with its abundance of money and high prices culminated in national bankruptcy and a general prostration of all industries and enterprises, from which it took the country more than ten years to recovery" Yes, more frank than Mr. Rusewater, I will explain tbe reason to tbe satis faction of every candid man. The enormous expenditures made necessary by the war called for a much larger volume of money than then ex isted in the country. As always in such emergencies the volume of specie was insufficient. Specie payments were suspended, and the government issued various kinds of paper money, among these U. S. Treasury notes, or what are known as greenbacks. As is always the case in times of increased money volume, all kinds of production re ceived a wonderful impetus. Probably more actual wealth was produced per capita in the years 1S03 to 1867 than in any ten years of our national existence. Unfortunately and unwisely, in issu- i ing its legal tender paper, two impor tant exceptions were made. The gov ernment discredited its ow a paper to the extent that it would not receive it for duties on imports, nor pay it lor in terest on the pnblic debt. This made gold a necessity to the government and at tbe same time a speculative commo dity. The gold board was established, and men became wild in the gold specu lation. More gold would be sold in one day on that board than was in ex Isteace . in America aud the United Kingdom. "Black Friday" was the direct and legitimate result of that gold craze, which was ths legitimate result of tho exception clause of the green back. The business of the country had be come adjusted to the Increased volume of money demanded by the war. The panic of 1873 was caused by tbe un wise attempt to compress the business of the country of 1870 into the straight jacket of the money volume of '81-2. Granting for argument's sake that the money volume in '65 may have been too large, It would not nave been too much for 1875; for during that time the wealth and business of tbe country doubled in amount, requiring double the amount of money. New territories were popu lated, sew rai' roads built, states nna citiee sprang p as if by magic, the seceding states returned to the union, until every dollar of money in. the country . was needed and protitabl? employed. But no! The money power demanded contraction, and contraction Jjegan. The Chicago Inter Ocean, the leading republican paper of the west, thou edited by Hon. F. W. Palmer, tho present national printer, said, in its issue of June 29, 1878; " So the shriakaje went on, at the beck AND BID OF THE MONEY POWER, till the Volume bad been contracted $l.28.m).OR5, leaving a volume of money of ;65,T9.6S5." The United States Monetary Com mission said of tbi3 contraction: "If all t bo debts ra this country had been doubled by an act of legislation, i would have been a far less calamity to the debtar and to the country than the increase of ibe.r real burden already caused by a contraction in the volume of money." The contraction of the currency from a volume of $48 per capita in 1805 to $13 per capita in 1873, multiplied the purchasing power of the dollar by three, and reduced the yalHe of property and tho debt paying power of products in the same ratio. The horrors that Mr. Rosewater por trays in his question, and many more, followed. The "crayu," "Black Fri day," .!.' the panic," almost a total sus pension of payment of private indebted ness came, carrying ruin, disaster, bankruptcy, in its train, strewing the years 1873-4-5 6 and 7 with the ruins of privata fortunes ana business. Tlwre wero 8000 failures in 1874 against 6C0 in 1865, or five to one, and suicides increased m about the same ratio. Tbe country not only did not recover from the shock la ten yerxs, but it nos not recovered from it yet. The crime of the demonetization of silver was only a repetition of the crimp of tho destruction of the greenbacks, and has extended its disastrous effect from 1?73 to the preeCM time. lh bafcnce.of Mr. Bosewater's arti cle of this week is BO entirely wide of any application to the subject as to be unworthy of him. He takes my argu ment showing tie decline of money Toluaito relative to production, and pronounces it "the key-note for tke ykrinkc.ge of prices." Certainly. But it mere nati neon an increase oi mooey to correspond with increased produc tion there weuld have been cu shrink- ae. He row devotes paragraph to com paring the price of silvcr'and wheat in 1856 59. Tho piiae of single commo dities vary year by year. It is only by averagiiigprices for terms of years that tho full effect of money volume is shown. Tho facts arc too well known to maka it necessary to rtpeat them. He 'fiow bf gins upon tho price of sil ver and its relation to wheat sinco its dei'icnetization, anl then says; THE FA KM KUS ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NEK., The 'art It that ta decline aad rlM In tbe prlc of aiirrrhMao flfir effoot upon lb pnw of f rm prod el taaa tu to d'.lue vr rlM to tu price ot cupper or pig Into." The principle I have demonstrated Is, that tolume ef money, not the price ef the material ef money m commodity, con trol prices. But India being a silver using country and a wheal producing country, wi h her commerce largely controlled by England, a wheat using coun'ry, it happeus that the price ef sil ver is of vital moment to ourwncat raisers. Br tbe demonetization of sil ver tbe people of England are enabled, with sold, to buy silver at 30 per cent. discount, which when shipped to India and coined into rupees, will buy as much wheat as could have been bought with the gold. Thi is equivalent to buying wheat at 30 per cent, less than it could be bought were silver not de monetized. Ike wheat raiser of tms country is thereby compelled to com pete with underpaid ana nait-starveu ryots. And so it is with our cotton planters, and every article of Indian export. "The law ef supply and de mand," finding its first expression in tne supply of money relative to pro ducts, "governs the price of commo dities as the law of gravitation governs tbe rise ana fall of rivers. Mr. & now makes some immaterial comments on silver mining. Not deny ing my assertion of last week, that our financisd policy tended to depress the value of our silver product. - Mr. Kosewater institutes a compari son between the amount of product re quired to pay a mortgago now and be fore the war. Admitting no is correct, which I do not. it is a sufiioient answer to ear that morttraies have increesed out of all proportion to tho Increase of products to say them with. Besides, l assert wlthont fear of successful contra diction, that mortgages cannot be paid ok with wheat at 75 cis. a busuei. Any practical man can demonstrate this. An acre of wheat on an average Ne braska farm cannot be raised for less than $8 83, not counting interest on any part of the plant excopt land. . Averag ing the yiold at 15 bu. per acre, It can easily be seen what a ltm chance the mortgage would have after subsistence. In fact that price would not provide subsistence. Mr. Kosewater now makes the amaz ing statement that low prices are a blessing "to tbe toiling masses in the workshop and on the farm.'' Again we must ao by averages, and so considered, all history proves that it is not so. 1 shau not arguo tne ques tion, only thus far: The period since 1873 has been an era of low prices. Let Mr. Rosewater ask the millions of tramps, tho millions of men working ou short time, half a million of miners working for CO to 80 cents a day, and paid in ordors on "pluck me" stores, the millions of bankrupt merchants and mortgaged farmers, which he could find in any year of that era, and all who understand the cause of their sorrow will tell him that low prices are not a blessing. ' Mr. It. assorts that I said the people were paying $9 in Interest for every dollar in circulation. Mr. Rosewater must be vory much occupied indeed to cause him to read so wildly. Of course 1 have said nothing of the kind. What I have said, (but not in this discussion) is that there were in use about 89 of eredit money, based on deposits, for every dollar of actual money In tho country. INTEEOEPTED 0IE0ULATI01I. President C. A. Robinson, writing in the yon-Conformist, asks, " What is the matter with the little towns?" He has been traveling all over Indiana and finds the smallest towns are not pros pering. The conclusion he reaches 'is, that tho farmers are not prospering. They have less and less money to spend, and so tho small towns which they di rectly support are at a stand still or even worse. If the farmers received enough mo ney for their product to buy baek as much labor value as they turn into the general market, they would, because of their hard, ceasless labor, be the wealthi est class in the country; and thosa in tho small towns who directly serve them would be the best patronized mer chants and mechanics to be found. Ths farmers are the heart of business life. Thay pump blood into tho commercial arteries. But speculators, usurers, mo nopoly tax-imposers and something-for- nothing seeKers of every sort, as blood sucker-;; fti'C hanging to every vein, rob bing the weary muscles, ana tne nesit not receiving back tbe current that It gives must of necessity grow weaker and weaker. , Every one knows that houses and lots in small towns as a rule, tbe country over, must be sold at much less than they cost, KBd tho above reasoning shows why it is. The wealth is being drained away from tbe producers and massed for the few in the large cities. MUTUAL INSURANCE. In May last year we opened an in surance department in the Farmers' Alliance, since which time tho depart ment editor has had it in charge aad has given many lessons from statistics of old mutual companies from other states. Ho has also looked into tho cost of insurance in tho stock companies of this and other states and given com parisons that would certainly impress any person with the idea that mutual insurance is just the kind of insurance when it is nronerlv manaced. We hope that all eecrctarys will lend the editor of tho insurance department a helping hand and give him all infor mation on tbe subject that they may have, and in fact make this department a valuable one for all who are at all in terested in insurance. When our farm ers are fully informed on co-operative insurance, thev will realize that all other businesses can be carried on in a tlmilar manner to tbe great advantage of t he farmer. Now, reader it is a good time to set up a milestone for the independent movement, for had not there been ac. independent legislature last winter, no law would have been passed by which ;i mutual company could have been in corporated. Address all communications to J. Y. M. Swigart, comer Eleventh atd M streets, Lincoln, Nob. TO BEOTHEE 0. E. BULLOCK. We publish tho oilicial vote of Ne braska for 1890 and 1801, nhowing that there was no falling off of our vote in 1801. We have not tho official vote of Kansas, and fear wo cannot comply with Brother B.'s request. But tho fact is as he states. A Poser. Docs ay one foul able to answer the following question: If silver certificates can be Issued ou silver bullion, why cannot wheat certl licates bo issued on wheat, and corn err- titicates on corn, and cotton certificates on cotton? Subscribe lor Tint AxiiAnCK. Local Ml M Local Editor and Adrcrtisinc Solicitor, GEORGE H. GIBSON. A. J. Riirby & Co.. havo 400 farms in Kansas. South Dakota and Nebraska that bare been taken in on mortgages and must be sold. They are going cheap and on easy terms. 105 U St. 3o tf rarThe next meeting of tbe Lincoln Congregational club will be held at the First Congregational cburv-h Fb. 24. Tbe subject for discussiou U "The Pub lic Schools." tW One hundred and sixty acres of unimprovod land for sale in Webster Co. Will take part stock In payment. Address, C. Lyon, Rosemont, Aeb. MTCharles E. Winter won in the re cent oratorical contest at the Wesleyan university and will represent that col lege in tbe state contest. C. M. Loomis, the hardware man, who is advertising in our columns, finds that it pays. lie received an order . from the western part of the state for ! goods, from a Farmers' Alliance reader, lost week. Air. ivoouiis mows bow to please and retain customers when he gets them. A. J. Rigbv & Co., Is expecting . a larce oartv of land seekers from the east in Marcn, ar.d those having (arms for sale, rent or trade win ao wen to list them with them. Address 35-tf 1025 O Street, Llacoln, Neb. ty Work on the new Normal unlvcr- ssty building begins tuts wecK. ine university Duuuings win uo re Buy jur occunancr Sept. 1. and a force of twenty to twenty five teachers wdl be in charge of tho different departments. Soring time is coming arid many ot our readers will be purchasing them a home, before closing ao you suoum cuii ou or address A. J. UiGBY & Co , the real estater, 35-lf 1025 O St.. Lincoln, Neb. t-At tho local oratorical contest at the state University Saturday there were four speakers, Rufus Bentley, II. W. Qualntance, Charles D Chandler and C. U. Sklles. Mr. Skilos receiving first place will represent the state uni versity iff the state contet, and Mr Bentley as second win be alternate ana delegate to the state association. Young men learn a good trado tele graphy and railroad business, steady employment and good wages. For terms, address Lincoln Business Col lege. Lincoln, Neb. 84-2t C3?Tbe Austrian government is to assume control oi an tne teiejrapn lines in that country this year. But free if) America must remain in tbe grip of a Jay Gould monopoly. Will retail 200 photograph albums at wholesale prices. C. M. Leigh ton, 145 S. 10th st. 25 tf tarEuirene Webb whom we formerly knew as a promising youth of Butler county, later a knignt oi tne quiii in Custer county, is again engaged in newspaper work, this time as editor and proprietor of tho Mtrna Record His salutatory is a very clear and vig orous presentation of needs and rem edies. A. J. Rigby & Co., hare twenty one one Quarter sections in Wbeoler and Uardold counties that must be sold. For a cheap home address them, wio U St. 35-tf tSTThe 14th day bf April, 1890, only 14,000 bushels of wheat were sold in New York, while the same day 44, OOt',000 bushels of fictitious- wheat were sold. And on the 24th day of October 494 actual bales of cotton were sold in New York while the same day the fic titious bales of cotton sold there num bered 158,800. Yet the Chicago and New York boards of trado affirm that gamlsiliug in options is only tho Insig nificant Froth upon the surface of Ni agara. Monoy to loan at low interest, A. J. RiOBr&Co., 85tf 1015 U St., Lincoln, Neb. tarTho Lincoln itome Industry asso ciation has been organized for the pur pose of advertising and pushing to the front home industries. About forty of Ltneoln's manufacturers and whole salers have signed the articles of agree ment, and with W. B. Howard as sec retary of the association, good work and lots of it is assured. Lincoln people know it Is for their interest to build up busiuess here in as many lines as pos sible, and they will be ready to help others in order to help themselves. ' BST Horsos widtcrl 111 exchange for Catpen tor work. Peters, 8504 Vine, St. . i t : 1 Mk 11 . Ajiuwiu, iici;. E1T According to Mr. C. Wood Davis who has investigated and published his facts ia pamphlet form, besides testify ing before tho congressional committeo 0 b agriculture, wheat in Chicago has been 8 to 10 cents lower, and in Liver pool 10 to 40 cents per bushel higher thau last year. Tho market has been kept down here and all wheat raisers robbed by reported option sales of im mense offerings of wheat which only existed on paper. Tho anti-option bills are designed to prevent this pernicious, eambliDz and niako prices conform to supply and demand. Doing a rushing real estate and money loaning business, A.J.Rioby&Co., 85lf 105 O St., Lincoln, Neb. 3$"Rer. Washington Claddon, D D., will deliver tho charter day Palladian club address Monday evening, Feb. 15, at tho New Lansing opera house. His subject is announced to be, "Tho True Socialism." Dr. Gladden is near the lore front amonij ministers interested in social problems, and bis addresses and published works have made him well known, throughout the civilUed world. He' is a most talented and pleasing lecturer and will discuss ques tions of vital interest to the working classes. We advise every ono who can to hear him. Iits heart is with the workers. Do you want city property? If so, A. J. lliby &,Co., have.lt, 1025 O St. 85-tf t3T The banks of New York City last week had on deposit 158.500,000 rrl loaned out, and $3(5,000,000 larger c.sh surplus than the law requires. V.'.vll street reports that "it is bcconiiug a erious question with not on ly tno bariKS, but with insuranco companies, trust companies, and all money institutions what to do with this plothora of funds." Tho policy pursued, however, is to buy ud all stocks navinir dividends, and every business which can be controlled by a trust is being sougnt out anu ao- nrbed. Tho nioncv nourinir into Wail street is taken from the people, leaving the people always poorer and more at the mercy of the money kings. Each syndicate, each trust, each btwiaess con trolled bv capitalists. Increases the numljer who must beg for work and accept their terms or starve. Yet the tools of the money nowcr. the old party press, would make everybody believe that more money in thoir hands than the banks know well what to do with is an evidence that the people Tiaye plenty of money and are abundantly rewarded for their labor. Learn Telegraphy at the Lineoln I Business Collejo. 2oli THURSDAY FEH. 11. tlT A farmers' Institute will bo held at rairtmry. February 11 and 13 Prof lugersoll tif tbe agricultural college, ex G ivernor Furnts of tbe state board, S C. Bassett of tho Slate DairyuienV asso ciation, President Cramb of the insti tuto and other will deliver addresses tyEggs. eggs, eggs for hatching frtm thoroughbred L. Brahmas. 8 Wyandotuu, W. C. P. CWna and P. Rock fowls. 8. B. Moreukap, iiSMUt. Albiou, Neb. tirAuotber millionaire is dead, John B Tievor of New York, aud instead of being worth three or four million as was supposed, bis executors have enu merated property appraised at 110,500,- 600. If Mr. 1'rcvor bad set up in busi ness 6000 years ago and saved fron fami ly expenses 11.750 fruin each year's in come he would bare had to live and work through all the intervening cen turies to accumulate tbe sum be left. His average yearly net income for tbe forty years of his business life figures out t'.HU.MW Does anybody with a grain of sense believe such wealth is gained justly! VW A bouse and two lots for sale, or exchange for a farm. Address, n.Vlt j. t . I'KTEKS, 728 N. 80th St., Lincoln, Neb. S3ST Articles of incorporation of the Chicago & St Louis Electric railroad have been filed at Springfield, Illinois it U composed of capitalists, tneciaas who expeot to monopolize or fix prices for tho services of electriolty, as they havo hitherto controlled for themselves steam and expensive machinery. The proposed electric lino will be construct ed to cary a new form (of cars, at a standard schedule timo of 100 miles an hour. Will not the people seo soon that to obtain their natural inheritance, their equil, rightful share of land, mineral stores, uteatu. electricity and all other natural provisions, they must unito to help aud defend eacn otcerr Wby should these tireless tremendous forces be used to tax the many and ea- rich the few! Wby should lntoreit be legalized, aud thereby give to capital the product of labor, the never ending po r to oppress? tfSw athcrti-eicont of ground oil Cake on page seven. ' U5m3 tW A Chicago business man, writing recently to a great religious paper, after many yours ot business life in that city, says: "Chicago is more than three times as large as it was before the gtcat tire, yet there are lower whole sale dry goods, grocery and hardware houses now, than then. As competi tion grows hotter, business drifts into stronger hands." This testiraony agree ing with universal observation regard ing the drift of things, sustains what we have often aflirmed, viz,, that com petition cannot be permanent, that it leads to the complete subjugation rf t he maay by the few the reduction ot the masses to permanent dependence aud the elevation of their conquerors to royal prerogatives and riches. We have already King Rcclefellor, Kipg Gould, King Vanderbilt, King Astor, and a law thousand other plutocratic rulers, each having despoil t power over tho wages and returns for labor of thousands of American citizens. CWThe Journal . says, "Tbe trust bogie tkat has haunted the imagination ot so many wen meaning people, is oo ing rapidly laid by In the logic of busi ness and the march of competition.' "It will cut no figure in polities after a year or so," says this republican ostrich. The Journal knows, at the same time, that combination is the logic or success ful business, that capital is conceatrat Ing, and that as It concentrates compe tltion is destroyed among capitalists and made fiercer and fiercer among tbe laboring and producing classes. And the struggling masses know that their combined votes is a vengeful specter which affrights capitalists and will not down at their bidding. A New Song Book, Wo havo received a samplo copy of "Songs of Industry, words and music by Charles S. Howe of Michigan. It is a choice collection of songs for farmers' alliance and industrial and labor re form organizations, temperance meet ings and the home. Alliances and others gettiag up entertainments will find it valuable as tho music is new and tbe words well adapted to the inspiration so desirable in songs of this character. The book can bo ordered from this office or of the author, Charlej S. Howe, South Allen, Mich. Price 25 cents per jopy, or 20 cents a copy by the dozen. The Progressive fiocietyi On Sunday afternoon lant a Very In teresting meeting of the above society was held at the hall of the Conservatory of Music. Miss Sara Schwab read a very interesting paper on "tho reform papers. ternoon, Feb. 13, at 8 p. m.. Rov. Lloyd Skinner, minister of the Unitarian So ciety, will rend a paper on International Copyright. All are cordially invited. An interesting discussion wiu follow Mr. Skianer's paper. The Progressive Society Is composed of ladies and gentleman who meet to discus? the live questions of the day in an inquiring and fraternal spirit. No proper subjects are barred. Save Your Monoy. Send for a receipt and make your own blueing for five ceats a gallon in stead of paying ten cents for a four ounce bottle, equal to $2 per gallon This blueing is superior to any en the market. Toil your neighbors of this and send for a receipt, price 25 conts, five receipt for $1. Address 24tf J. P. Haruis, Fairfield, No. Farm For Rent, A grain and stock farm of 480 acres m S juth-east corner of Custer county, 175 acres in fine state of cultivation. Balance in grass and pasture For par ticulars call on or address, (until Feb ruary 15 ) L. II Thomas. Litchfield, Sherman Co.. Neb. 84 2-w For Sale. A well improved farm 200 acres, 2 houses, 2 barns, 6 acres of bearing orch ard. Terms eapy. tor particulars enqmro of H. II. Verrellon tbe premises 2 miles north aud 1 mile west of W ahoo. 8lw Notice. I am now ablo to (rive price of coal at your depot en all R. tf. in tho htato. 20tf l. VV. UAKTLHi, Otaiu .agi. A Serious Fall Ia prices of fine stationery, albums, soaps, perfumery and all gods, ato. M. Leignton s, no o. iota st. in Innrinmv HHlli UiUI Of short-hand, type-writing aud telo graphy is cflering superior faculties for acquiring a found practical training in these arts. If you al e contemplating attending a school of this kind it will be tn vnur interest to can on or uuureiw the'ra at 1180 O street, Lincoln, Neb. M The Population of Ur.oo'n Is about 60,000. t,a wn wiMiid a at lL-A8t ontvlialf are irou'jled with some affection of the throat and Lun r. astnosa complaints are, atxora' iiiir to itatlatlos. oiore numerous tliaa otlmrs, W would adviro all mir readers cot to ne loot tlx? opportunity t'i call on tlwir druB' at. 1 tret abottlo of Koroma Tlalnata for the two nrt tainira. Trial ilro l'r.'. l.re Wiics SOc aud f l, Bold byaUCruEiis'.a. ti via 1892. ine aairn-icato amount of mortgages 'W In r county during the month of January are aa fnllowa: V'arm mortgage Filed, tJ0,130; rvliwaed, 133,777.4; rel-awd orer filed. 113,057. X Citr tnortiraun Hied, 10,03; relumed, I3.2W.75; filed over retained, W833.25. Chattel mortgage Filed, 113,0140: reloaded, 120,315.18; . taued over filed, 10,678.79. YOU USE WE MAKE WE SELL FOR SALE: FEET OF DRY PINE At our Chicago yard, and mills Send us an Itemized Bill for Deliered Price. Orders from Farmers' Alliances Atldreu Sblf GEO. WOODLEY, 242 Mention Tim Pamirs' Aimakce, PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY. 11N1I Earinf tTerythlaf Household Goods, Crcecrbs end Provt:!:::. TEA & COFFEE DEPARTMENT. We have tho most complete line of Teas and Coffees to be found in the city. Fresh new goods received daily. Choice Kio. 23c, 25c Santas. 20c Fancy Golden Ilio. . .. 28c Peaberry . ........... 80o Guatemala 30c 32c Old Gov. Java 33,3lbs $1-00 Sun-dried Japan 19,25, 29, 35c Natural leaf Japan. .. 35c Basket-Fired Japan . . . 40c Moyune Gunpowder, 40,48.28c New geods arriving for Spring trado. Wo can save you money on all kinds of gsods. Writo us for wt at you want. LETTING DOWN THE PRICES ON AWDRn Tfl PARMPR3 lr roueometotheclty drop In aad so us. Toucan m IlUnV I V rHnmtnj. miiroad f.r8fnra hundred mllaa and I linn lavn mnnov r a 150.00 bill of roods. Out If you can't oomo ny tblnar you want. Hayden Bros., Dealers THE LEADER THE GREAT CHEAP STORE 1211 O STREET, Something now. A chance never had before, an opportunity to bny your dry goods and clothing at wholesale prices. Don't pay high retail prices when, you can buy what you want at regular wholesale price. Kead the following list of groat bargains then order what you want, yon will find it means a big saving to you. Can send you anything in tho dry goods line. Tell us what you want and wnat price you wish to pay and we know we can suit you. Always add postage. Good oorseta 85c, worth 60o. Good corsets 00c, worth 85c. Regular 91 corsets only 05c. Good suspenders, 10c a pair. Lace curtains 75c a tair, worth $1.25. " $1.51 " " 83. Good, boys suits $1 00, worth 81.75. " 1.50, " 2 90. 2.25, 4.50. Mens' suits $3.83, worth 17. Mens' suits 15 worth $10. Our 35c wool hoso 20c. Ginghams, 5o a yard. Very best novelty prints Gc a yard. Ladies knit skirts 78c, worth $1.25. Complete lino of notions at lowest price, ever given. r Bargains In millinery. Turkish Uwels So each. Curling Irons 5o. It Pays to Trade at the Leader the Cheapest Store in THB LEADER, 1211 0 Street, Always visit us when it to your machine. l-rT!lt'..'j(:.!''. a. I mmmmn .., ntnvd LadT kstciLH ttgeau, K.T. rnwr. edgerton farnsworth,t Attorneys and Counselors a 5 Law. I Roon 814 Niw Tom Lira Bdilbiho. OKA HI, j ; II ITEBRABKS. ? ? 20,000,000 LUMBER ETC, ETC., in Wisconsin and Minneapolis. Solicited. Write us for pricelist. ' South Water, St. Chicago, IU. HIT, AND Shade Trees, Shrubs,. Jinss and Plato Home Grown. For sale at lire and let live prices. t Spscial rales given on large order. MeuUon Tn FaRMRRs' Almanc. TEE ONLY ALLIOCI 'j farmer uses is Canned Fruit Condensed Milk. . ...... 10 r 3lb can all yellow Craw- ford Peaches. . .... ... lJe- 3lb can California Peaches 15 c 3lb can California Peaches. in pure sugar syrup, ... 19 c 1 gal can California peac's 35 c 1 gtd can Call Apricots.. 45 c 1 gal can Cali. Plums. . .. 45- ft- 3lb can Cali. Egg Plums 15 e HARNESS DEPARTMENT. Patronize home industry and giro us a call in our harness department, for we handle nothing but Omaha made goods, and the most important fact i the best goods ut the lowest price. We es 11 particular uttention to those want ing farm harness for spring use, as w are now having a hundred sets made especially for our sp iug trade. Aim tbe best single harness in Omaha for the money. Remember we -are h?ad quorters for Saddles, Bridles, Whip and straps of all kinas. All work guaranteed. mallu our ordsr. Bead to us for prloeaon in Everything, Hid and Dodge Sis. Omaha, Nab. LINCOLN, NEB. Pins lc a paper. Metal dress buttons 5c a doz. Wool hoods 35a Childrens underwear natural wool 25a. Gents underwear l5o, worth 35o. Mens' wool hose 3 pair for 25c. Wrltin paper 120 sheets for I2c. Bargains in railliKcry. Envelopes So a bunch. Good lace 3 in. wide 5c a yd'.. " " I2c a yd , worth 20c Lead pencils rubber tipped 10c a db All wool red under shirts 50c worth SI 25 All wool grey " " 40c worth 80c. Large all linen towels 10c each. Good handkerchiefs lc each. Very nice handkerchiefs 5c, worth 15e. Very wide ribbon all colors 5c a yd. . 50c celluloid linish playing, curds 17c. Bargains in millinery. Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb. in Lincoln, you will find interest. J. vr. Knot. OMENTAL 3USY BEE" WASHER Gjfrntr4uraat WKJor better work wt "r"n' ui tnv Tr a DO B.wy rvtan-aea u w -. ' lub. tin., ma?y vl l"- Ju Ui ai!mi tat lJ) km . nstteri strum? 'IhoMruiUa a Is.Ik who ii-t tHrr rfcp'r wwfct lWt ke? e Vwhor mul n it MiiM yw. M, are lut ttfcaat. W MT. W KVIW JVW " """L" V"' Uu f.JI .mount M . dlMMi;!" wreht'(w- i AGENTS WAMnDSS-Wa.WJH wo wr wwcrwfttl. ruwri an! Mwir wtrw nan UlAt taw nrw. vviu v.., ...r, .