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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 4, 1892)
compelled to pay thtir debts In cheap
mowy, he associate the poor working
pople who are depofcilors la aaviag
banks. While the tavings account of
those banks agn;gate a large sorn, by
the usual method 6f Jswelling detwsit
account, the amount of actual savings
so deposited U many time less. .Nor
is this money to any great extent de
pended upon for revenue. Only that
part of it which is deposited on time
draws any interest at all. As for the
welfare of the working people, all men
know that in limes of so-called cheap
money, that is in times ef active busi
ness and prosperity, these people are
all employed at good wages; while in
times of dear money, like the present,
many are idle or on short time, and
there is much suffering and alvensity.
This is a well-known fact. They are
crocodile tears that deplore the catas
trophe of paying depositors is any
money that is legal tender.
Mr. Rosewater asserts (paragraph 17)
that tho reason "the 7$ cent silver dol
lar and tho valueless paper dollar pass
current is because they are redeemable
for WO cents in gold," etc. As a matter
of fact the silver dellar and the silver
certificates are legal tender for all
debts public and private, "except whore
otherwise stipulated in the contract"
In the absence of a special contrast
silver will liquidate any obligation, tbe
same as gold, i'lace it on the same
basis as gold and it will perform x
actly the same functions, as it did from
17i)2to 1873. Tho reiteration of the
idea that foreign countries would make
this a dumping ground for silver, and
to bring us to a silver basis by taking
our gold, is baseless. There is not the
slightest danger of any flood of silver.
Our own production is not sufficient for
our increased money requirement, and
there is no country in the world that
has silver to spare us. India's imports
of silvor from 1810 to 178 was $832,
tiOD.OOO, or about six times our total
production for the same period. India's
import for 19 was $5:1.029,000, while
our production for that year was only
$04048,0110. There is no possibility of
our getting more silvor than wo need
for monetary purposes; and if we would
treat silver as real money, as four-fifths
of the civilized world does to-day, there
would be no such thing as cheap silver.
Instead of refuting or answering the
historical statement i quoted from Mr.
Ht. John as to the achievement of
France in maintaining a parity of gold
and silver, Mr. iRosewater shoots oil on
a tangent about French assignats
The assignats were simply promises
to pay money which had no existence,
promises issued in unlimited quantity
to pay coin money which was to be
derived from the revenues of confis
cated estates, the titles of which were
rin dispute, and which were producing
no revenue. Tho assignats were all "in
the air," and to ring the changes on
their history as an argument in favor of
a single gold standard shows a deplo
rable lauk of good material. But I wish
to say right here that this -discussion
has nothing whatever to do with paper
-money in any of its forms. It relates
wholly to the expediency of restoring
sUver to a parity with gold in the
United -States, and the history ef the
Frensh assignats has no bearing upon
it whatever. I therefere decline to
burden the discussion with it. I admit
thht the ratio of commercial Value of
tbe precious metals may charge, either
from relative scarcity of either of the
metals, er from unjust legislation. I
admit also that if either metal is under
valued in relation to the other in coin
age it tends to disappear from circula
tion. These are good and sufficient
treasons for a scientific adjustment of
ratio, which has frequently taken place
In the vworld's history, rand a careful
'adjustment of relative values in coinage.
But they are not valid reasons for throw
ing one metal out of use as money, and
.thereby concentrating the world's
wealth in the hands of the money class,
as is attempted..
Mr. Kosewater again asserts thatl
Germany demonetiaed silver In 1871.
(See par .27 j) I repeat that Germany
did not demonetize silver until .July 0,
JH73, nearly ix months after the United
States had 'done so. Let the United
States remonettee silvar, and 'Germany
would be the first country to follow her,
Mr. Kosewater has appealed several
times to the Gresham law, and at the
same time denounced the silver dollar,
as a 78 ct dollar, and the paper dollar
us worthless. The Gresharu law is little
understood. Mr. R. broadly states it as
principle that bad money drives out,
good. If that is true we have no bad
money in this country, and Mr. R's. "73
cent dollar" vanishes into thin air. la
daily experience the United States now
circulates as equally full legal tender
money the coin and paper issued under
the acts of 1878 and 180, silver about
4i0, 000,000, and, according to iu'tnt8ti
mates, aoout $700,000,000 of gold. Be
sides these are $340,000,000 greenbacks,
andl,000,000 bank notes; these both
redeemable at treasury option, or bank
option, in either gold or silver coin. In
silver, gold or paper, each a ad every
one of all these $1,030 000,000 is a single
.standard dollar of 100 cents or 1000
mills, circulating side by side at par all
-with each. I will thank Mr. Kosewater
to indicate where the Gresham law, r
the driving out process, comes in.
A radical dillerence in the under
slanding of certs in official reports has
arisen between Mr. Kosewater and my
self. I will say that the reports on their
face are absolutely contradictory. Mr.
R. claims that the report of the Sec
retary of the treasury is a mistake aris
ing from its facts not being sufficiently
subdivided. I have before me tne official
statistical abstract of the Treasury de
partment for the years "87, '88 and 90.
The facts as to silver coinage in all
these volumes are exactly as I stated
last week. Mr. Kosewater products a
singlo report of the Director, that for
1891, and I am frank to say that that
report apparently confirms hispositioi.
He claims that the amount coined was
correct in its sum toral, but that it was
not in dollars, but in minor coins, most
ly halves. Now up to 1807, 1 think, the
coin weight of tho halves exactly cor-
respunueu wun iaat or ttie dollars
that is two halves wore exactly equal
10 one uouar. j.nis Demg tna case tho
JSecretary's report, and my quotation of
it, is practically correct. Whether in
dollars or halves, it is indeniable
that silver went into our circulation to
the amount stated in my last article in
every year named, every dollar of which
was - a lawful tender lor all payments
wnatsoever." air. nosewator was easily
misled by the director's official report.
and I am willing frankly to exonerate
him from any attempt to misrepresent
in the matter. His fault lies in not
knowing the important fact I have
stated as t the weight of the halves,
and in trusting too implioitly a subordi
nate omcer wno was probably a crea
ture of Wall street.
But this is a matter of no importance.
And I regret to sav that this discission
lias involved mostly side issues, and had
lime 10 no wun the real question. I
propose briefly to refer to sonio of the
real points of the controversy.
tirst. Silver is to day practically tho
money of tho world. The population
of the silver standard countries is, in
round numbers, 770,000,000; of the
double standard countries 137.000.000
of the gold standard countries flU.OOO.OOO.
Cven those countries whkh demonetized
silver retain la use tbe coinage they bad.
and maintain a minor coiussre of that
meUl. Europe has 1.100.000,000 In
silver coin, of which France own $700,
000,000. Nor could thi-se countriw
tpare this silver. They are already de
bcient, and desire more.
Second. The combined annual pro
duction of both silver and gold U in
sufficient for the annual increased de.
inand of the world for money. The
actual money in the United States, and
the bank credits based on deposits, 6how
Use amount actually needed to transact
the business of the country. This
amount is $1,12 .000.000. In the United
Kingdom it is $3,SOO,000,000. In
Franco it is $3,550,000,000. This is
credit money panio money, ovt of the
use for whieh the bankers are laying by
millions. It is money that shrinks with
every adverse wind that disappears
with every financial shock. It is the
money of a system that brings periodi
cal panics and bankruptcy to thousands
every year. But i: is indispensable to
day to the business of the nations.
Withdraw it and wide-spread disaster is
inevitable. Itls built in the United
States on the small basis of $700,000,000
of gold, and the supply of gold Is di
minishing and population and business
increasing. There have been no more
gold and silver produced since 1850
than were required for monetary pur
poses. From 1S40 to 1850 the annual
supply of both metals did net exceed
40,000,000. When California gold was
discovered there was a sudden increase,
and then Australia increased the out
put to about $190,000,000. The disaster
then predicted, and which induced Ger
many to demonetize gold, never came.
In fact the added supply was a blessing
instead of a calamity. From that time
the combined product has gradually in
creased, until the annual supply is
about $210,000,000. But the increase
has not been as great as the increase
of population, consequently not suffici
ent for the increased demand for money ;
and the rejection of silver has practi
cally cut off the supply of the precious
metal for money, and inaugurated a
money famine which has filled the world
with woe. And this has been done to
gratify the avarice of speculators and
tbe greed of heartless shy lacks.
Third. The demonetization of silver
has caused incalculable los to the peo
ple of this country. I give the follow
ing table showing the Immense increase
of the public debt of the United States
in commodities from the year 1807 to
1880. notwithstanding the great nomi
nal or face value decrease:
PilHtc Debt n.ffluauuo I l,7E3 43tMW
Equivalent In Coiaodltlea.
Pork, mt'. bbls.
licet, inea bblg.
Iron. bar. tons
.75H,95U! 44.03S 523
10,.Ve,455,3U9i 1?.1 1,577 (W2
Cotton upland t8
The corn crop of 1889 exceeded that
of 1888 by over $135,000,000 bushels,
and sold for $79,000,000 less money.
The wheat crop of '89 was greater than
that of '88 by 74,000,000 bushels and sold
for $42,700(000 less ironey. The oat
crop was greater in '89 than in '88 by
40,700 000 bushels, and sold for $23, -000,000
There has been since 1873 a wide
spread depression in prices, and a
world wide shrinkage of industries.
Find me the cause, Mr. R , if you can.
Is it over production, speculation, ac
tion and reaction, intemperance, li
centiousness, extravagance, waste of
wars? No, it is none of these. It is
the direct result of the diseasn that at
tacked us in 1873. in the ill advised at
torn pt to discard the use of silver as a full
legal tender money.
We are an exporting nation, yet we
adopted a financial policy directly cal
culated to depress tho value of our ex
We are a debtor nation, and yet we
adopted a financial policy designed to
compel us to sell the maximum amount
of products to pay the minimum amount
We are a sliver producing nation,
and yet we adopted a financial policy
intended to depress the price of silver
in the markets of the world.
As a nation we have deliberately
adopted a policy that would have
caused any business man to bo put in
to a straight jacket or under a guardian.
Our greatest competitor in the mar
kets of the. world, as well as the best cus
tomer for our products, is England, a
creditor nation. We deliberately adop
ted a financial policy that would make
our trade and our exports of the great
est value to our competitor and of the
least value to .ourselves.
For twenty years have values been
.shrinking, failures multiplying, suicides
and insanity increasing.
tor nearly twenty years havo tne
lines between classes become moro
sharply drawn for nearly twenty years
has the base idiotic aristocracy oi
wealth been erecting its brazen imagos
for nearly twenty yearo has been
going on increasing poverty amid un
paralleled production, anil a concen
tration of wealth through the agency
of interest and increased purchasing
power of money, greater than was ever
before known in the ancient or modern
world. If there is any cause powerful
enough to produce these dire results
other than the one I have named, I ap
peal to Mr. Kosowaterto show it.
Fourth. Money, under our present
social system, is the basis of civilization.
It lays the steel musclos and stretches
the wire nerves of commerce overall the
countries of the world. It tunnels
mountains, spans rivers, and drives
ocean greyhounds into every known
sea. Its posession means health, plen
ty, luxury, leisure, culture all, in short,
that go to make life endurable and
'Want of it means penury,' sucering,
ior thousands oi years suver ana goia
have been jointly money over all the
world; and since the prehistoric ages
there has never been a day when there
was a sufficient amount of metal money.
The rise and decline of civilization from
the dawn of history has been equal
with the rise and decline of the supply
of metallic money. In the palmy
Augustan days Rome possessed two
thousand millions of gold and silver
coin, besides her stores of plate which
could be transmuted into coin. But as
mines were exhausted, and metallic
money gradually disappeared, until tho
stock was reduced to less than two hun
dred millions, tho pall of tho dark ages
spread its gloom over the world. Civil
ization suffered an eclipse, and Its revi
vul waited for the discovery of gold and
silver in Mexico and South America.
Tho vandal hand that has stricken
down one of these metals has been
animated alone by the spirit of greed.
Tbe men who have aimed the blow have
been ignorant of tho lessons of history
and careless of its results to mankind. 1
appeal to every patriotic American citi
zen to aid in averting these results, and
in establishing an American system of
finance that shall be, in the words of
Hon. Wm. M. Stewart, "independent of
London speculators in Asiastic products
or Kuropean investors in American
A fine 1G0 in Loup Co. to exchange
for a 40 in south eastern Neb. 81tf
Address A. J. Bioby & Co.
1025 O St.. Lincoln, Neb
THE FA KM KHS' ALLIANCE. LINCOLN, KK1I..
Local MI JbIoil
Local Editor and Advertising Solicitor,
GEORGE H. GIBSON.
A Contest at Cotner.
At an oratorical contest held at Cot
ner University, Monday evening, Feb
ruary 1st, to determine who should rep
resent tbe school in the coming State
Oratorical Contest, Mr. A. D. Harmon
carried off first prize and Mr. Wm. II.
Osacber won second prize. In all there
were four contestants, all interesting
speakers, but Mr. Harmon's and Mr.
Ossacher's productions would have done
credit to a much cider school than is
The subject of Mr. Harmon's oration
"Loyalty to Principle Indispensable to
National Prosperity'1 was presented in
a way that showed a deep study of the
philosophy of the growth, decline and
fall of former governments, and closed
with an earnest, eloquent appeal to the
manhood of America to awake to the
danger now threatening us, and steer
clear of the rocks upon which the ship
of state of so many other governments
has been dished, via., the grd for
geld, Mid a sacrifice of national dignity
and honesty to get it.
Mr. Osacher's subject, "How to
Vote," was handled In much the same
way. First, showing how an unwise
use of this, our greatest weapon of de
fense and protection, had allowed the
money power to obtain control of tbel
reins of government, because of which
the great mass of American people were
beginning to bleed at every vein, be
plead with them to right the wrong
that had been done, lest this, "Tlit
Land of the Free and the Home of tbe
Brave," Should become the "Land of
the Rich and the Home of the Slave.'
City property to exchange for stock.
Address A. J. RiGBr & Co.,
31tf 102S O St.. Lincoln, Neb.
The Fraternal Association of Lincoln. Keb.
The first meeting of the Fraternal
Association will be held at the Conser
vatory of Musie Hall, corner of 13th
and L streets, Sunday afternoon at 8
Miss Sara Sshwab will speak on the
subject of "Labor Papers In the United
States; what tbey stand for. and what
they represent." After tne subject has
been presented by Miss Schwab it will
be open for general discussion.
Tbe object of the Freternal Associa
tion is the establishment of a society in
which all members shall enjoy equal
rights, powers and priveleges: for the
purpose of promoting knowledge, har
mony and a spirit of fraternity among
all people; thereby helping to establish
truth and right in all things; to secure
more of comfort, virtue and happiness,
and lessen want, misery and vice.
2T With all our boasts of advance
ment we are in many things behind
other nations. The German emperor
recognizes the natural inalienable
right of each individual to a place to
work. Chancellor Caprivl last week
made official announcement in' the
Reichstag that the government would
never relinquish its control of the rail
ways of that country. Governmental
control has been a great success finan
cially and every other way. Austria has
also made an immense suecess of own
ing and running ber railroads. Aus
tralia likewise. But in the United
States, tbe land of tho free, we have
two magnates, eil kings, coal barons,
monopoly tyrants of many kinds, who
fix tbe prices of products and services
and force men to live in idleness and
starve or beg.
Take Notice : Wedesiro to thank
the farmers of Kansas and Nebraska
for the liberal custom shown us last
year. To those who have grown our
seeds we would say tho seeds speaK tor
themselves. To those who have not
grown our seeds we would say try us
and we will please you. See our ad on
another page. Our business has grown
from a one sheet pamphlet last year to
a twenty page catalogue this year.
Alliance Seed ConrANr, I
lw Grove City, Kan.
J5pMartin Bollek, a German stone-cutter
of this city, while under sho influ
ence of liquor, was rua over by the B.
& M. train at 7th and N streets, Sun
day, and horribly mangled. The whole
train passed over him, and he died in
eight minates after being taken from
-n nt'ilil.!.. i t. T :
J.-J5' u. jr. miaiKiu, a ivsiuuut iu urn-
coin and a brakeman on the is. & M.
freight train, lost two fingers and a
thumb from his left hand Sunday morn
ing while coupling cars at Pacific Junc
jrC D. Mosher's lprge barn and
l-ee d house at 14th and V streets were
destroyed by fire Sunday morning.
Loss over $1,000.
3PThe Seller Butter Company of this
city has incorporated, with a capital of
$20,000. Thomas A. Healey and twelve
others are the Incorporators.
E5f It is announced that tho William
Deerin & Co. farm machinery firm will
establish a branch office at Lincoln soon
te handle tho trade of the South Platte
country. The company is looking for a
building in which to open up business.
The business will be ruu by and in con
nection with Wallingford & Shamp,
their local ageats in this city.
For money on Nebraska farms ad
dress A. J. KreBY & Co., 31U
1025 O St., Lincoln, Neb. ;
IW There is a movement on feot to
start in Lincoln an association, free and
fraternal, "for tho purpese of promo
ting knowledge, charity, harmony, a
spirit of fraternity among all people,
and thereby help to establish the truth,
the right in all things, thns to secure
more of comfort, virtue and happiness,
and lessen want, vice and misery."
The design is to meet weokly and dis
cuss questions of common interest,
questions of right and justice.
City to property exchange for farm
lands. Address A. J. Kigbv fc Co.,
81tf 1015 O St., Lincoln, Neb.
E3T The February term of tho dis
trict court which will be opened Mon
day has over 1,000 cases on the docket.
The sixtk farmers' institute in the
state was held at Tecumseh. Following
the meoting three of tho Johnson county
horticultural society, Chancellor Can
field and Professors Taylor, Furnas and
Ingersoll deliverod addresses. Live
topics were discussed and local talent
contributed greatly to tho interest of
Young mon learn a good trade tele
graphy and railroad business, steady
employment and good wages. For
terms, address Lincoln Business Col
lego. Lincoln, Neb. 8 t-2t
Wiil retail 200 photograph albums at
wholesale prices. C. M. Leighton, 145
S. 10th st. 25tfQ
Cao or Sorghum sown broadcast or
drilled will make from 3 to 7 vois per
acre of the lcst fodder ia the world for
horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, cte. Sure
crop wet or drought. Good seed for
sale by the Fairfield Steam Syrup
worK.8, l'airuoiu, Aeu. am
tip lraa Kkffr. of Colorido
Sptlug. la tbe Church of lb Aacennion
hut buoday, declared that any man who
bad act unitilatud m million dollar was
a thief. 1 be Dean's court h has several
communicants who are worth more
than a million, who Lave always been
cltuwed among honorable men, and
their friends and fatnili are exceed
ingly indignant it is reported. Of
course. But tbe division must come,
and the sooner tbe church U sifted the
better. The Dean called on the clergy
present to express their vlewt. but noue
of them exactly coincided with hltn.
The time is coming, however, when the
monopolist, the interest taker, the
speculator In land or goods, the men
who accumulate by the sweat of olbere,
will be classed with thieves and rob
btrs. fsBradstreet commercial agency
reports that 90 per cent of the butineiw
failures last year weie of concerns
having less than $5,000 capital. This
coiucedes with the observation and ex
perience of alL and proves tbt it is In
coming more and more difficult for
small capitalists to exist by the side of
the larger ones. Tbe small capitalist
class is being crushed cut and. forced
down into the ranks of the ever in
creasing number who must beg for a
place to work.
fir The Workingmens' party of
Switzerland is demanding in its plat
form that the government shall furnish
employment to thoso citizens who are
unable to find employment. Tho de
mand is entirely reasonable, too, and
the government should find its natural
function and chief service putting meu
and .labor materials together, educating
in the ways of economic production,
and making just exchanges easy and
compulsory. The problems which these
objects present should be studied by
political economists, legislators and ail
patriotic citizens. And their solution
will confer the greatest honor and
hitherto undreamed of happiness and
prosperity to all classes.
HT And still another college may
come to Lincoln. The Congregational
ists of Nebraska are considering the
expediency of relocating Doaue college,
or establishing one central collegiate In
stitution, and are asking for bids from
all towns who desire to secure it. The
advantages of Lincoln over other places
can be easily seen, and in the event of
change she will have it in ber power to
get it. .
tST The Farm, Field and Stockman re
ports a scheme to form a rice trust. E.
V. Douglas and others representing
Chicago and New York capitalists have
gone to New Orleans to purchase the
fourteen rice mills in that city, and
having secured them they will be able
to stand between the producer and con
sumer and fix prices for loth. Again
we say, God save the people.
3T At the ninth annual orotork al
contest at the state university Saturday
evening thero were five contestants,
Mr. C. E. Fifer, Miss Vesta Gray, Miss
Eugenia Get ner, Miss Mary Latimer
and Miss Minnie DePue. Mr. C. C.
Marlay was down to compete, but ill
ness prevented bis attendance. Miss
Do Pue was awarded the first prize and
Miss Gotner tbe second. The prizes
were ten and i ve dollars respectively.
tW The Sioux City Journal says:
"The stories of poverty and destitution
In Sioux City which were laid before
the readers of the Journal yesterday
morning made barely a beginning of
tbe tale of wretchedness that could be
tS" The Farmers' Exchange of
Adams. Nob., has been in business less
than a year, starting , with a paid in
capital of $105 Since the 1st of Aug
ust it has bandied 05 cars of stock, and
since April 1st over 200 cars of grain
and itock and 80 cars of coal. Mr.
Ashcroft is manager and is giving good
tW Under the classified service rules
the employes of the government are
proui9ted according to tbereoord they
have mado in punctuality, attendance,
industry aptitude, accuracy, conduct
tlT" In Switzerland men are fined
who absent themselves from tho polls
on election days. Switzerland has also
the people's initiative and referendum
system u: making and changing laws, a
system which destroys machine politics
and legislation, keeping the laws on a
level and in harmony with public senti
t3F" TV. F. Wright, assistant state
lecturer, will bo in Sncrtnau county
from February 8th to 13th, Franklin
county February :ith to 'M'.n, l'heips
county February 21st to 27th, Red
Willow county February 29th to March
5th. Alliances take notice.
Eesolutioiis of Condolence.
Arcabia, Neb. Jan. 24, 1893.
Dunham Alliance No. 829.
W'heueas, It has pleased a Divine
Providence to remove by a sudden and
very unexpected death, our most highly
esteemed and Deioved brother, A. G.
Combs: therefore be it
Sesoked. That in tho death of Brother
A. G. Combs, thero hits been removed
from our midst one of our best nud
truest members, an accommodating
neighbor and true friend.
Jtesoved, lhatwiiiie we mourn his
loss to our order, we also extend our
heartfelt sympathy to his bereaved
Resolved, That a copy of these resolu
tions be tendered to his friends. Also
that a copy bo furnished The Farmers'
Alliance and tho People's Advocate for
T. A. Johnson.
E. R. Gbat.
STAEOH FAOTOEY WANTED.
At the last regular meeting of Lake
Alliance 2103 of Box Butte county, Neb.,
Resolved, That wheroas this county if,
especially suited for the raising of
potatoes it wcum bo to the mutual
benefit of capitalists and farmers if tho
former would use their capital and put
up a potato starch factory in this
eounty; and partioj hiving the neces
sary experience in tho starch factory
business are invited to look this county
over or write to the secretary of L .c
John Meints, President,
Aaron 11 all, Secretary.
W. S. Morgan, secretary of the Na
tional Keform Press association wants
the address and a marked copy of every
reform paper in the United Status. If
you want tho name of your paper to
appear in the revised list of reform
papers, send him the name on a postal
card ana a marked copy of your paper.
Do this at on ce and don't neglect It.
Got into line. Address
W. S. Mougav,
Sec'y N. R. P. A., No. 23, N. 2d St.,
St. Louis, Mo.
Farm For Rent.
A grain and stock farm of 480 acres
in South-east corner of Custer county,
iYt) acres in nno s'.ate oi cultivation
Balance In grass and pasture. For par
tlculars call on or address, (until Feb
ruary 15.) L. II. Thomas.
Lltchtiuld, Sherman Co., Neb. 84 2-w
THUKSDAY FE. 4, 1802.
Mr Watnott, of Georgia, laid down
the princi, ln of the farmers' alliance
and cnltod Industrial claw of the peo
ple's party lr.rt week in tbe house; and
o reasonable, right and plainly practi
cible are tbey that tbey command uni
versal respect and call forth from the
people ever increaniug working en
thusiasm. Mr. Watson said, in sub
stance, that the people, the industrial
claan-s, demand that national banks
shall be abolished a banks of issue, that
the coinage ot silver should be made
free and unlimited, that alien ownership
of our lan. is should cease; that senators
should be elected by a direct vote of tbe
people; that the government should
issue the money to the people who need
ed it to perfect their exchange practic
ally free of cost, and that through the
sub-treasury plan, or some better, the
people should have the privilege of use
of that money by giving such se
curity as was In the coninicrcbvl world
considered good. The people's party
also demanded a graduated income tax,
and that no man's busings should be
built up at tho expense of another man.
Those were its principles, and the toil
ing millions of tbe land were looking
to those principles as their only moans
Congressman Simpson has Introduc
ed a bill whivh, if adopted, would re
peal the gold standard law by striking
out the words in the 1673 coinage biit.
providing that the irold dollar shall be
the unit of valve of American coin."
The house agricultural committee be
gan the consideration of the anti-option
bills Wednesday of this week. These
bi.ls if passed will outlaw dealing in fu
tures by speculators aad drive tbe bulls
and bears, some oi them at lean, into
better business than causing market
fluctuations. Communications from
boards of trade and farmers' organiza
tions, desiring to be heard on these
buhl, have boen received, and their rep
resentatives will present arguments,
pro and con, before the committee takes
action on the propositions involved.
Chairman Springer of tne ways ana
means committee made a serious polit
ical mistake in giving it cut at the New
York democratic club dinner that no
free coinage bill would be passed at the
present session of congress, i lie .cau-
ors of both parties settled it so, long
ago, at tbe dictation of their gold-bug
masters, but the people should have
been kept in ignorance of tbo Wall
street fiat and the crawling subservien
cy of their venal, class-favoring repre
sentatives. If Springer had kept still,
a good many representatives could have
played tho hypocrite more successfully
ana retained the confidence of their
constituents. This is especially true of
Western and Southern members, and
they have Indignantly protested against
his giving a public pledge as io ineir
future action. Everything indicates
that Teller's joint resolution for an in
ternational silver conference ostensibly
to soctire a bi-metallic agreement, will
be passed, and that the goldbugsalnsti-
gated the measure to defeat free coin
age, knowing that tne creditor class in
Great Britain and tbe states of tho Latin
union aje politically all-powerful and
will not permit any change of standard
which would lessen the value of tne
gold unit in whuu all debts are now
A joint resolution to sa amend the
constitution so as to give congress ex
clusive power to regulate marriage and
divorce in the several states, has been
introduced by Senator Kyle of South
A New Song Book.
We have received a sample copy of
"Songs of Industry." words and music
by Charles S. Howe of Michigan. It is
a choice collection of songs for farmers'
alliance and industrial and labor ro
form organizations, temptrance meet
ings and the home. Alliances and others
getting up entertainments will lind it
valuable as tho music is new and the
words well adapted to the inspiration
so desirable In songs of this character.
The book can no ordered irom tnis
office or of the author, Charles S. Howe,
South Allen, Mich. Price 25 cents per
copy, or 20 cents a copy by the dozen.
Iiffir Mr. Atkinson has iu his great
love for tho poor told them how they
can live on next to nothing, and Ward
McAllister in his "Society as I Have
t ound it," tells us now in uis millionaire
circle a man may live "as ho ought to
live" on 8181,100 por year. iUis iigure
would not include losses at cards, the
keeping of a yacht, purchases of silver
and jewelry for his wife and daughter,
Daintines. plants lor His conservatory
or "charities," but he could live iu con
siderable comfort on this sum.
Complete reports of tho 110 rail-
reads for eleven months of 1801 show
an increase in net gains of six per cent
over the gains of the corresponding
months of the preceding year.
Curtis & Hubbell of Lincoln, adver
tise elsewhere in our columns "The Boss
Sprayer," of invaluable service in de
stroying tho insect pests of orchard?,
vineyards and gardens, and also thoso
which prey upon shade and ornamental
Save Your Money.
Send for a receipt and make your
own blueing for five cents a gallon in
stead of paying ten cents for a four
ounce bottle, equal to $2 per gallon
This bluomg is superior to any on the
market. Tell your neighbors of this
and send for a receipt, price 25 cents,
five receipt for $1. Address
24U j. 1'. Harris, Jbairbeid, Neo.
I am now able to give price of coal at
your depot en all R. R. in the State.
25tX J. W. HARTLEY, State Aft.
A Serious Fall
In prices of fine stationery, albums.
soaps, perfumery and all goqds, at C.
M. Leighton's, 14ft 3. 10th st. 23tl
I have this season the finest birds I
ever raised. At ur late State Fair I
took premiums on everything entered.
at our December show I took 1st, 2d
and 3rd on four birds entered. Write
for prices en eirds that will score 00 or
better, fcggs in season, t. ti. YULK,
Box 330. (20tf) Lincoln, Neb.
Of short-hasd, type-writing and tele
graphy is of ering superior iasilitios for
acquiring a round practical training in
these arts. If you are contemplating
attending a school of this kind it will be
to your interest to call on or address
them at 1130 O street, Lincoln, Neb. 32
Koine foolish I'eople
Allow a coufrh to run until it gotf beyond tbe
reach of medicine. They often uy, "9h.it
will wear away," but In moat caned it wear
them away. Ceuld thi;- he induced to try tho
upceesful medicine called Kemp's lialtnm
which ia sold on a pomtiva guarantee to euro,
tbey would lintncdlatuly aoe the rxoelnnt ef
fect after taking tho flint dote Price 60c and
(L Trial ilzef ice. At all druKrlBU', (Wmt'.
A stock of merchandise to exchange
for farm lands in Neb. Address
A. J. Rigbt & Co.,
81tf 1025 O St. Lincoln, Neb.
Tbe Ere and Ear
Are two most delicate and complicat
ed orgst'; without the eye we could
not guide our fottp nor cWrve
the bvan'Ses of catnrv; without the ear
we could not brar the voices of our
friends por enjoy tbe sweet sounds of
music. No one Is so helplcs aa the
blind and more dewrvlng of pity than
thedraf. The two senses, being so
Talaablo should be gnarped as we guard
our life. Many pt-rsoD lose sight or
hearing by neglect, which timely aid
might prevent. Among the specialists
who treat lhee organs none have been
more successful than Dr. Dennis whose
oflioel is over t F rst Na imal Bank.
Tree Planters of Lancaster County.
I shall have at 54th and R street, one
mile east of Wyuka ccraettry grounds.
East Lincoln, a full nupply of apple,
cherry, plum and shade trees, small
fruits of latest varieties, evergreens and
ornamentals. 100,000 soft maple, one
and two years aid, choice for grove or
windbreaks. My stock will be ready
for sale about April 1st if weather is
favorable. I oiler for sale only what Is
adapted to the climate, and all stock
warranted true to name. I expect to
start a fruit nursery at above place In
the spring. Call and see ray stock, or
address me at Bsthany P. O.. Lancaster
county, Nub. W. F. Wkiht, Propr.
A well Improved farm 200 acres, 2
houses, 3 barns, 6 acres of bearing orch
ard TernneMy. For particulars enquire
of 11. 11. Verrell on the premises 2 miles
north and 1 mile west of Wahoo. 81 2 w
A. J. Rlgby & Co., baa removed from
room 21 to room 10 and 11 Newman
block. Where ihey have more commo
dious quarters. All correspondence
will receive prompt attention. Address
them for bargains in real estate of all
kinds. Room 10 and 11 Newman block,
1025 O street. Bltf
tW Brother Geo. Blgnell, Inventor
of the beautiful badge we advertise, in
tends having mado immediately a
cheaper variety, tho same design, but
of less expensive material.
In exchange fbr city property, A. J.
Rigby & Co., 1025 O St. 26tf
FOR SALE CHEAP.
A Full-blooded Polled Angus Bull.
Sired by Erin No. 7470. Dam, Jado
7405. Good animal, weight ahout 1000
lbs, 8 years old. As I am leaving tbe
farm will sell for half value. Call on or
write to OsWAiD Pai.mkh,
8114 Shelby, Neb.
H YIN HM
UaA X dWJkJJbl lililwMlj TTJ
Household Goods, Groceries c:d Provi:!::
TEA & COFFEE
We liuve the most complete
line of Teas and .Coffees lo le
found in the city, Fresh new
gooda received daily.
Choice llio S3o, 25c
Santas.... .......... 2Gc
Fancy Golden Kio.... 28c
Guatemala. . ........ 80c 32c
Old Gov. Java 33 , 8lbs $1.00
Sun-dried Japan 19,2), 29, 35c
Natural leaf Japan... 35c
Basket-Fired Japan. . , 40c
Moyune Gunpowder, 40,48.28c
New goods arriving for Spring trade.
We can save you money on all kinds of
goods. Write us for wt at you want.
LETTING DOWN THE TRICES ON
A WORD TO FARMERS if,T0U, ymetothoctty drop In and geaun. Toucan pay
HUni IU rrinHlfcncrRiir0a,irftr8(,r0nundrert mtloi and then save money oo
a ISfl.OOblllof troods. But if you can't oo in e mall m your order, flood to u for prioe ob
any thing you want.
Hayden Bros., Dealers
THE GREAT CHEAP STORE
1211 0 STREET,
Something new. A chance never bad
good and clothing at wholeln priens.
can buy wnat you want at regular wcoicsaie price.
Read the following list of great bargains then ordor what you want, yon w2S'
find it means a big saving to you. Can send you anything in the dry goods line
Tell us what you want and what price you wish to pay and we know we can suit
you. Always add postage.
Good corsets 3Sc, worth COc.
Good corsets 50c, worth 83c.
Regular tl corsets only C5c.
Good suspended, 10c a pair.
Lace curtains 70c a lair, worth $1.23.
" " $1. " " $2.
11.50 " 3.
Good, boys suits $1 00, worth $1.75.
" " " 1.50, " 2 90.
" " " 2.23, " 4.50.
Mens' suits $3.85, worth $7.
Mens' suits $5 worth $10.
Our 35c wool hose 20c.
Ginghams, 5e a yard.
Very best novelty prints 5e a yard.
Ladies knit skirts 75c, wortk $1.25.
Complete lino of notions at lowest price
Bargains in millinery.
Turkish towels 3o each.
Curling irons Cc.
It Pays to Trade at the Leader the Cheapest
Store in Nebraska.
12110 Street, Lincoln, Neb.
Always visit us when in Lincoln, you will find
it to your interest.
should take TBS AJLKXA
L DurlnirtOKTha ami will nBtaiti tte
rra on ttie Vmrmn' AIUuh an4 na
m, mluf an amhorsttrtre btntnrj oftha 1M
of the miuvemi-nt. aad POKTKAJT of
k-adlnr aplnu In thia frrrat nrtrlalaf "
p?oil ral"t monopolies, tnMM, pluoorrF
and oftdai corruption.
II. It will osntaln aotsnratitirs paper ac
Ur forth the orntral elaima tut each of U
trrratparVM of tn-4j. and drawUur eJaariy
and iharplv the llnna of damarkauon oa al
rrval political, eeonoiniaal and social pita
lit. It will oontain paper setting forth tb
cardinal demandt of the people in their or
iranlted movement airlnst old-Maa wronee
and Injustice, and the reaaon f or aaea de
IV. It will be an encyclopedia of poUttaa)
and (octal Information, airinc its reaiWa ay
maaterly exposition of tbe true condition)
and needa of the preaent. depicting the erlla
of tan hour, and auinreatinir remedies calcu
lated to aecure a wider need of Juittoe aae)
liberty for the a-reat tolling million of our
land. From iu inception. The Arena haa bee
Til K MTMilfAST CHAMPION OP THB
I'KOPLK. ahanlutoly fearleea in its deoBixaa
tion of plutocracy, monopoly, and all mean
and meaau res that wrooir tbe multitude or
Infrliieeupon the liberty of the harattleat
citizen. In tbe future The arena will be com
plounti for Ita atorreaaiye and bold defemw
of the rltrhiaof the maaaea airainat the pnvt-
I lei-ed elaae.
V. It will oontain treat papera by tn
rreatMt thinkers In the AI.I.IASCB ana ail
the kindred oriranltatlnns which are werKtna:
fora radical reformation of exlliiBg abuses)
and unjuat oenditions.
VI. It will oontain Hamlin Garland
powerful Alliance itorj. A Upoll of OOwe,
wblch will be the moat graphlo picture of th
modera Weat and the aocial and political
dlUona which called forth the Alllaaoe
THE ARENA PORTFOLIO
Ta a Beautiful folleetlon of twentr-til
pa RTRAITS of dtKt'na-utabed autbora aaa
leader of thought ia this oub at uprising of
the people. ,
The Arena on year, prie 3M
The Portfolio, prioe.... f.
The Fanners' Alliance one year... 1
All for $5. 09
Address AIXIAHOE PTJBLIBXINO CO.
ettf Lincoln, Nabraakan
J. V. EnaERTOK. IS. T. PAM-swomrsk
EDGERTON & FARNSWORTH,
Attorneys and Counselors at
Room M4 New York Lira Bcilbik o.
OMAHA, t I KKaRABK.
Subscribe for Tni Aluamci.
THE ONLY ALLIUM,
rmw nas ia
Condensed Milk . . . . .... 10 c"
3lb can all yellow Craw
ford Peaches. . ... ... . 121c
3lb can California Peaches 15 c
3lb can California Peaches
in pare sugar syrup. ... 10
1 gal can California peac's 35
1 gal can Call Apricots.. 45
1 gal can Call Plums. . .. 45
3lb can Cali. Egg Plums 15
Patronize home industry and give us
a call in our harness department, for
we handle nothing but Omaha made
goods, and the most important, fact h
the best goods at tbe lowest price. We
call particular attention to those want
ing farm harness for spring use, as wo.
are now having a hundred sets madu
especially for our spiing trade. Also
the best single harness In Omaha for
the money. Remember we are heart
quorters for Baddies, Bridles, Whips
and straps of all kinas. All work,
Hlh and Dodge Sis.
before, an opportunity to bmv vonr dnr
Don't pay high retail prices when yoe
Pins le a paper.
Metal dress buttons 5c a doz. '
Wool hoods 25c.
Childrens underwear natural woolSSffi.
Gents underwear 15c, worth 35ov
Mens wool hose 3 pair for 25c.
WritiBg paper 120 sheets for 12c.
Bargains in millinery.
Envelopes So a bunch.
Good lace 8 in. wide 5c a yd.
" "12c a yd., worth !0c.
Lead pencils rubber tipped 10c a dosu
Ail wool red under shirts 50c worth $1 25
All wool grey " " 40o worth 80c
Large all linen towels 10c each.
Good handkerchiefs lc eaca.
Very nice handkerchiefs 5c, worth lite.
Very wide ribbon all colors 5c a yd.
50c celluloid finish playing cards 17c
Bargains in millinery.
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