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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 28, 1892)
THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NER, THURSDAY, JAN. 28, 18U2.
Ttr. n Cnltr 8tI H wlt rival u
proi'uwrruf si er. ) t'ty rival ojr
producer or to 4. loti. tnrruKiy "
horxuCMiK lk lm oir aatiom.
ker riani Mipport ir lrw oomair u
At one swnod J pr wot of l world lo
ta! prodiMXMNi ot t otT ssrtals
vet ;dU taper cent m liver o'nf11'
wltbout tfce aklof India. France
support lor bold frooln when , per
eeutuftb production annum
Tfte toiHM commerce of Krauze was then
much lew man our at preaent. Her domes
tic trad it Dot to be compared with ours to
eay. Her populailoa thea wa little more
than haK oar present population, her terri
tory on-evitemh the area or tha L ulled
1 find no argument in favor of the sin
gle standard in Mr K's paragraph 7. It is
true by a change in the weight of our
gold coins in 1&37 the ratio of gold to
silver was changed from 15 to 1 to 16
to 1. It is true tnat probably on ac
count of a Tarring ratio, gold at one
tii-e and silver at another, disappeared
from circulation. These changes, mark,
were in the gold coins. While the
weight of pure gold in the gold dollar
has bet n twice cbr.nged, the weight of
Eure silver in the standard silver dollar
as never been changed. is the tarn
unit as the first standard coin minted in
the United States. While our circulation
of gold and silver varied, both metals
without limit were at that time in use
s money somewhere, and hence it made
practically no difference in the value of
coined money whether both kinds cir
culated equally in every country or
whether one country used more of one
and Ives of the other. All there uas of
both metals teas in circulation, and all
there was of both metals was potentially
money everywhere. Bimetalison con
i88 in the right to use both metals for
money. (See facts about silver.) The
above fact is a sufficient answer to Mr.
R's question at the close of paragraph 8.
There was no discrimination about
either metal. Coinage was free and
anyone having bullion could take it to
the mint and nave it made into money.
So, no matter what form the metal was
in, it was potentially money.
Mr. Rosewater quotes historical sta
tistics in the most appalling and reck
less manner. 1 can only explain his
fearful misstatements in regard to silver
coinage by supposing that he has ac
cepted the work of some inaccurate
author as authority, and copied it ver
batim without any investigation as to
its reliability. I note a few of his in
accuracies. My authority is the United
States Statistical Abstract, a work pre
pared under the direction of the secre
tary of tbo treasury and published by
the United States. The coinage statis
tics in this work are compiled from re
ports of directors of the mints from the
passage of the coinage law until the
present year, and are official aud
In paragraph 8 he says, "the total
coinage of silver dollnas in 1850 had
been V47,oUU; in 1051, ii.sw, in lBoa,
The facts are that in 1850 the coinage
of silver dollars was $1,806,100, and of
minor coins 944,467 60; in IbjI,
the coinage of silver dollars was $774,-
397, and of minor coins, 899 635.43; in
1853 the silver dollars coined were
999.410. and of minor coins, (50 030.04.
Isn't it strange, also, that in stating
toe gold coinago lor one 01 tne same
years Mr. Rssewater should be correct?
In paragraph 10 Mr. Rosewater accu
mulates quite a number of these inac
curate statements. He says, "from
1702 to 1805 the total coinage of silver
dollars in tne United Mates was 91,439,
517. or $110,733 a year."
The fact is that in the period named
there were coined of silver dollars
$1,701,014.20, and of minor coins, $178,
Mr. Rosewater says, "from 1805 to
.1835, during a period of 80 years, not a
single standard silver dollar, or any
other silver dollar, was coined in the
The fact is, that in tho period named,
inclusive, there were coined $41,872,067
in silver. dollars, besides several mil
lions of minor silver coins which we
have not taken the trouble to compute.
Mr. It. says, "in 1836 only 1.000 stand
ard silver dollars were coined."
The fact is that in 1886 $3,606,100 in
standard silver dollars, and $23,100 of
minor silver were coined.
Mr. R savs. "in 1837 and 1838 the
United States mints did not coin a single
In those two years the United States
mints coined $4,429,253 in silver dollars
and $U9,28o in minor coins.
Mr. II. says, "in 1839 only 800 silver
sonars were coined."
The fad is that in 1839 $2,209,778 in
silver dollars were coined.
Mr. R. says, "from 1840 to 1857 the
total coiewge of silver dollars was
The fact is, that in that period, in
clusive, there wre coined $57,772,726.
Again, says Mr. K ,"In l&W not a
single f ilver dollar was coined."
Tne fact is that in 1858 $8,49T.370 in
silver dollars was coined, besides $246,
000 in minor coins.
Mr. R , says, "from 1859 to 1873 the
total coinage of silver dollars aggregated
Tho fact is that in the above period,
inclusive, there were coined in silver
Again, says Mr. Rosewater, accumu
lating all the above little tornadoes in
one grand cyclone of inexactness. "tht
total coinago of silver dollars from 1792
to 1873, covering a period of eighty
years, was only $8,054,83."
The fact is. according to the unim
peachable official authority I have
quoted, that in the period named there
were coined of silver dollars $147,509,
8'i7, and many, many millions of minor
silver coins, which I have not taken the
trouble to compute.
"Falsus in una, falsus in omnibus."
The whole fabric of false deductions
which Mr Rosewater bases on his state
ments which prove not to be facts falls
to the ground with his facts.
I am amazed that a maD of Mr. Rose
water's penetration should be led into
such inexcusable blunders. Rut the
fact is that thenar on silver from its
inception to the present time, has been
based an unsound financial theories, and
bolstered up by the most unscrupulous
falsehoods. Mr. R. has chosen the side
of the stronger in the fight, and then ac
cepted without inquiry the false princi
ples and false statements put out by
In paragraph 11 Mr. Rosewater ap
peals to congressional history, and
denies that the demonetization of silver
was the result of a conspiracy in tho in
terest of money loaners. I ask Mr. R.
if it has not been claimed through all
this controvesy that silver was demon
etized because it was growing cheaper,
and becoming on that account unfit for
moneyf I ask him if, at the time the
first bill was introduced striking tho
. dollar from the list of American coins,
silver had in fact depreciated at all in
the markets of the world? lie knows
very well that it had not.
Mr. R. is rather chary of his refer
ences to tho history of demonetization;
but as far as he dips into it his facts are
as deluRivo as his figures were mislead
ing. He says, "in that period
John Jay Knox recommended to con
gress," etc. (see paragraph 13.) I pro
pose to give some explicit points in tho
history of that law. January 6, 1808
John Sherman introduced a bill in re
lation to tho coinage of gold and silver.
This bill, in Section 2, d'feontinued the
coinage of sitter dollars. It also made
foreign gold coins which conformed to
certain conditions of weight and fine
ness legaktender in all payments what
soever. This bill failed to become a
law, and was followed by Mr. Knox's
bill, introduced in the senate by Mr
Sherman December 19, 1870. This bill
passed the senate Januaty 10, 1871. It
demonetized silver by omitting the dol
lar from the list of coins. May 27. 1872.
this bill was passed by the house and
sent to the senate. The fact that this
bi'l demonetized silver was not devel
oped in the house, and the bill was
passed under a suspension 01 me ruics,
without debate and without being read.
The debate, about it and the manner of
its passage show conclusively that it
was passed bv a conspiracy, and that
only two or three members of the house
knew its actual provisions, as --ioreiga
bond holders and money loaners" were
the only ones to be beotfited by its
passage, it is fair to conclude that they
were the ones who promoted it.
In the senate. December 16, I8i3, Mr.
Sfcrman reported the bill from the
committee on finance. It was again up
January 7, 1873. and January 17, 1873
February 6 ill it was considered dj a
conference committee. February 12th
it was agreed to by each house, and ap
proved by General Grant the same day.
(See Congressional Record )
No questions had been ralstd in either
house upon the limitations of the legal
tende? of silver nor upon tho stoppage
of the coinage of silver dollars. Tho
owners of gold bullion might deposit it
to any extent to be coined into legal
tender currency. The owners of silver
bullion could deposit it to be coined into
trade dollars or bars.
The proof that up to February 12,
1873. there had been a conspiracy is
found in the subsequent fact that after
the silver uuit had been declared by that
law to be a nonentity, a clause was
smuggled into the revised code of 1874
without the knowledge of any man who
dares avow his consciousness of it. The
act adopting the code was passed June
20, 1874. The following clause, which
had no existence la any act which had
passed prior to December 1, 1873, nor
subsequent taereto, was surreptitiously
introduced into the revisal. viz:
"Skc 3586. The silver coins of the
United States shall be a legal tender at
their nominal value for any amount not
exceeding live dollars in any one pay
Thus was a conspiracy by which the
silver dollar was thrown out of our list
of coins and its leiral tender quality de
stroved. accomplished. John Sherman
in the senate, and Mr. Hooper of Mass
achusetts. in the house, were in the con
sniracy, and knew all the contents of
Mr. Rosewater's statement that the
cry against demonetization of silver was
caused only by the decline of silver is
refuted by tne lact tnat it was nor, until
1876 that it became generally known
that silver had been demonetized lean
prove this by presidential messages, and
proposed legislation and debate in
congress, did time permit It took many
years for tae people to realize the fraud
that had been perpetrated, and then
public clamor compelled its partial re
I dismiss the question of mint charge
It is immaterial who pays it. It is of
vital importance that coinage of tne
precious metals be unlimited, and that
both be on the same basis. If the eoin
aire of silver be unlimited its price will
be fixed by the mint valuation. If it is
limited the part excluded from coinage
may bear a d'fferent price. To com
simulv the American product would
leave silver for Indian export to be fixed
by Uritlsh council bills as at present.
In paragraph thirteen Mr. Rosewater
admits that the first decline in silver
was in 1874, one year after its demone
tization. Tne parties wne nad insti
gated the conspiracy against silver knew
all the facts. Its decline was caused by
its demonetization, if Us use as money
had not boon destroyed It would never
have declined. Gold, notwithstanding
the Australian and California discove
ries, always maintained its market value
at par with its coinage value for the
simple reason that its coinage value
fixed its market valuo, as it would of
silver to-day if coinage was free and un
limited. Let me state here eno or two impor
tant facts on which there is wide-spread
misapprehension. The United States
demonetized silver first, byactoireo'
ruary 12, 1873. The act of Germany in
1871 did not demonetize silver. On July
9, lova, Germany decreed tne single
gold standard, after the example had
been set by tnis country.
Mr. Rosewater, in his conclusion.
claims that silver was "struck down"
(demonetized?) by nature, "by the great
law of demand and supply " I suppose
ho might have said "providence," and
expressed the same meaning.
Now if I show that the demonetiza
tion of silver was against the natural
law of supply and demand that in spile
of tho increased production of silver
the material for money was diminishing
instead ot increasing, and tnat that de
crease has continued and been intensi
fied to this day, I shall havo won the
contention on this point.
In 1873 our gold product was dimin
ishing For the term of seventeen years
from 1856 to 1872 inclusive, the product
of our gold mines was $809,750,000. For
the term from 1873 to 1889, inclusive, it
wasonIy$U99,7i5,i 00,adecrease of about
$200,000,000 Our increase of production
of silver at 1873 had not nearly compen
sated for our loss in gold, to say noth
ing of increased requirement for money
by increased population, agriculture
and manufactures. Our production of
gold has gradually decreased since 1873,
though tne decrease is not so marked
as between '56 and '73. Oar increase of
silver production since '73 has been
great, but not anything like our in
crease in population, manufactures and
agricultural products tho increase
which demands more money to affect
our exchanges. Our silver product in
1873 was $36,000,000. In t9 it was $64,.
646,000. This is an increase of onlv
$23,616,000 to offset a decrease of $200,-
000,000 in gold, or an actual decrease cf
money metal of over $170,000,000.
in the period between 1873 and 1H90
we have ucarly doubled our population.
We havo increased our production of
frig iron from one million to seven mil
ion tons; our iron and steel from 500,-
000 to l,t()0,000 tons; our cotton from
three million to seven million bales;
our wheat from 280 million to 500 mil
lion bushels; our corn from 939 million
to over 2,000 million bushels; our petro
leum fiom seven million to twenty-one
million barrels; our sugar from 125 mil
lion to 287 million pounds; our railroads
from 70,000 to 167,000 miles; our horses
from nine millions to fourteen millions;
our cattle from sixteen millions to thirty-six
million;.; our swine from thirty
two millins to fifty millions: our cerral
crops from $900,000,000 to $1,600,000,000
in value. And so on and so forth ad
infinitum, through tho whole list of ex
When it Is re xemberod that all prl
mary exchanges are m&do with actual
money, and that our producers and
debtor classes are paying to day for the
use of credit money which is indispen
sable to do the business of tho country
at the rate of nine dollars for every dol
lar of metal and paper monev in exist
ence, and when it is understood that
the price of all produced wealth is fixed
by monoy volume, the extent of the
crime.tbat "nature," or providence com
mitted when it "struck down" silver
may be faintly appreciated.
Unloading national sins en providence
is convenient Its impropriety comes
home to us only when we discover that
providence refuses to pay the penalty.
The Standard Oil company, the railroad
pools, the foreign land syndicates, may
all. under Mr. Rosewater's benign phi
losophy, come to be accepted a, provl-
data With an old friend
Graf, Neb., Jan. 10, 1892.
Jay Burrows. Lincoln, Neb: Old
Friend: It is Sunday, snowing, all
alone, lonesome, want to talk to
Ia "81 and "82 I used to talk to you
nearly every day. I have something in
particular to say, and if I do say any
thing wise or otherwise, it does not call
for reply. I know that you are too busy
to waste time or postage. I doubt if
you can afford time to read my garru
lous chat. ' You know that I have sold,
aid am about to leave the farm. I shall
not keep bouse again right away. I in
tend that wife shall take a rest.
In rumaging over tbings, I have ua
varthed ati old sheet or circular cf tho
vintage of 1803 1 think. It lias no date
or evidence of its source, but I think it
emanated from Jay Cook, early in '65,
and before Appomattox. At that time
you were in the field, and may not have
full knowledge of the feelings cf us stay
at homes in regard to the 7 3a loan, and
other then current and kindred matters.
I enclose it herewith thinking it may in
It refreshes the memory and recalls
many of the incidonts of that day.
How the woodsawyers, washerwomen
and other common people took hold of
that loan gladly, just as the common
people of France have acted more re
cently. How little the money power
did for that or any other loan.
Macaulv calls attention to the dis
tinction between the individual who is
hugely in debt, and the state that u
similarly in debt to iu, own citizens.
The distinction is one with a difference,
and explains the failure of all the dole
ful prophecies of the pessimists who
cculd see only ruin in the great and
steady accumulation of England s debt.
A ntate that is in debt to other states,
or to citizens of other states, is in the
same condition with the individual who
is in debt. Egypt and Eagland are
specimens of the two kinds 01 states.
In the discussion of financial ques
tions in this country, one class of wri
ters are continually reminding us of the
importance and necessity of keeping up
our credit abroad, that ho our securities
may have a good market. It is well to
have. a good credit abroad. It would
be better to have the required capital at
home, so that we would have no use for
foreign credit and capital. Ibis might
be, and might have been, had we only
moneytiz' d our credit, as Jefferson and
The wages of war are indeed horri
bio. The destruction of property or ac
cumulated wealth by war is almost in'
It has not escaped the notice of close
observers, that simultaneously with this
destruction, there has also been a great
increase in production, borne ot these
observers have reached the conclusion,
that in many of the more recent wars
of historv. the total increase of pro
duction during, and in consequence of
war, was greater than the destruction,
thus causing a net gain or addition to
the wealth ot the world, some 01 them
think that this net gain was greater than
it would have been had the war not oc
curred. However this may be, it is not
difficult to believe that there might and
would have been a greater increase of
production, a greater addition to the
wealth of the world, had the energies
of the people keen stimulated to an
equal degree of activity by some other
and more peaceful agency than war,
and that such addition would have been
not simply equal to, but greater than
the destruction caused by war.
It is not difficult to believe, that there
are, or may be, equally potent, If not
more potent agencies than war for thus
stimulating the energies of society into
the greatest possible or desirablo de
gree of activity.
It Is not difficult to believe that the
accumulation of wealth as an end is not
desirable; that it is desirable only as it
furnishes and becomes a means for the
accomplishing of some end say happi
ness; and that it ceases to be desirable
the instant it ceases to serve as a means,
or tends to defeat the desired end. A
great accumulation of wealth by an in
dividual, or family often defeats the end
in view. Great accumulations of wealth
by tho state will operate injuriously if
inequitably distributed, and it may be
that an unequal distribution is inequit
able. Thero, if you live to read the
above you will bo older than you are
now. Good-bye for this time
E. P Ingebsoll.
The Work of the State Lecturers.
To the County and Subordinate Secre
taries and Lecturers of the Farmers'
Alliance of Nebraska: The State Lectu
rers elected at the last session of tho
State Alliance, for the purpose of syte
matizing their work have until further
notice districted the state by counties
DISTRICT NO. 2,
W. H. UECH, STATE
DISTRICT no. 1.
S. C. FAIKCH1LD, ASS T STATE LECTURER.
Dakota Thurston Burt
Dixon Cuming Cedar
Wayne Stanton Knox
Pierce Madison Antelope
Boone Holt Wheeler
Garfield KeyaPaha Rock
Brown Boyd Cherry
Loup Blaine Thomas
Hooker Grant Sheridan
Box Butte Deuel Dawes
DISTRICT NO. 3.
W. F. WRIGHT, ASS'T 8TATE LECTURER.
Cass Otoe Johnson
Nemaha Pawnee Richardson
Lancaster Gage Seward
Red Willow Chase
All communications from counties in
district No, 2 should be addressed to
W. II Dech, Ithaca, Neb.: from dis
trict No. 1 to 8. C. Fairchild, Oakdale.
Neb.; from district No. 8 toW. F.
Wright. Bethany, Neb., or to the undor
signcd, J. M. Thompson,
Local Mi I
Local Editor and Advertising Solicitor,
GEORGE H. GIBSON.
tvThe wares of coal miners in the
United States were forced down 30 per
cent between 1870 and 1880, and 30 per
cent more in the following tea years, so
that their actual earnings are now only
one-third what they were in 1870. Dur
ring the last half of this ' twenty years
the output of bitumirous coal increased
from 43 to 125 million net tons. The
average earnings of the pig iron work
ers are calculated to be hardly half what
they were in 1870. These facts consid
ered in connection with the other fact
that he coal miners and iron workers
are stronarlv organized, proves that cap
ital is conquering even organized labor
and steadily increasing its own power
A fine 160 in Loup Co. to exchange
for a 49 in south eastern reo. silt
Address A. J. Riubt & Co.
1025 O St.. Lincoln, Ne b
tar-In Belgium the vagrant class Is
colonized. 4.009. including idiots and
vicious persons, hereditary vagabonds
and invalids being brought together.
aijd each is given occupation. If with
occupation thev are humanely treated
and given all they produce in excess of
wbai they consume, or, in case of their
iuability to wisely use it, have it ex
pended for them for increasing com
forts, benefits and enjoyments, it is a
sreat advance over the discouraging.
degrading treatment which destitute
people out of work receive in this coun
try. We should punish tho people who
defraud and impoverish others, instead
of those who are leu destitute py mem
Wanted To trade house and lot in
Lincoln for a farm. Will assume a
light mortgage or pay some cash.
82-2t John Casey,
Room 11, Richard's Blk., Linooln, Neb
tWThe Osceola Stir Nursery of Polk
couutv. L. A. Beltzer manager, is ad
vertlstng with us. (See elsewhere
t&Tbe state of New York had 802,840
children of school' age who in isuu aid
not attend school a single day. The per
centage who did not attend school in
creased from 0 344 in 1851 to 0.437 in
For money on Nebraska farms ad
dress A. J. Riobt & Co , 31li
lOib O St., Lincoln, Neb.
tarln the Review of Reviews, review
ing the year 1891 Wm. T. Stead savs:
"Manifestly the tendency toward social
ism goes on apace." And Chancellor
Capnvi of the German Reichstag la his
recent remarkable speech, said: "It was
not impossible that next winter the gov
ernment would lay proposals before the
Reichstag for the better employment of
the increasing populations." The work
ingman's party of Switzerland is already
demanding this, and everywhere the
sentiment is being accepted that It Is
the duty of the government to provide
work for all.
ty In some quarters of New York tho
population has been crowded because of
enormous rents to a density of 830,000
to the square mile. Yet according to
Prof. Lewis M. Haupt 64,000 is the limit
cf tho number of people who can live in
health on a square mile of earth.
City to property exchange for farm
lands. Address A.J. Rioby & Co ,
Sltf 1015 O St., Lincoln, Neb.
ty The annual meeting of the Im
proved Live Stock Breeders' association
of Nebraska will be held at Beatrice
February 16, 17 and 18 and bids fair to
be the most interesting and important
meeting -'et hold. Papers will be read
by Hon. J. Sterling Morton, Hon. F E.
Brown, Hon. Charles II. Walker. Dr.
M. E. Knowles of Terro Haute, Ind ,
Hon. Elijah Fillcy, Hon. W. P. Mc
creary, Prof; Ingersoll of the state uni
versity, Dr. Billings and others.
ty We are pleased to call our sub
scribers attention to the new advertise
ment in our columns of tho well known
importer and brooder of horses and cat
tle, Geo. E. Brown, ot Aurora, 111. Send
for his catalogue and see for yourselves
what he has to offer. First-class stock
can bo obtained from him on liberal
Will retail 200 photograph albums at
wholesale prices. - C. M. Leighton, 145
S. 10th st. . 25tfa
ty A meeting of Lincoln manufact
urers and jobbers called by Mayor Weir
and others, met Wednesday of this week
in the council chambers. Its object was
to acquaint the people of Lincoln with
the goods at present produced in Lin
coln, and promote home interoits.
ty 8. P. Peterson renewed his sub
scription on Jan. 12th but failed to give
us his post offiee address. We can not
give peoole credit until address is
known. Flense send us a card giving
name and address, Bro. Peterson.
ty Lancaster County Agricultural
Society will hold its regular annual
meeting at the court house in this city
on Saturday Jan. 30th at 1 p. m. Elec
tion of officers and other important bus
iness will be transacted and every mem
ber should be present.
Cane or Sorghum sown broadcast or
drilled will make from 3 to 7 tons per
acre ot the best fodder in the world for
horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, etc. Sure
crop wet or drought, (rood seed for
sale by the Fairfield Steam Syrup
Wrorks, Fairfield, Neb. 81t4
Scarcely a week passes that a trust or
syndicate is not formed to monopolize
and consolidate some branch of busi
ness The last we have news of is an
English syndicate with a capital of
$15,000,000 to $30,000,000 which has pur
chased all type foundries in the United
States, and a fruit trust on the Pacific
coast to handle and increase the price
to consumers of all fruits from that re
gion. God save the people.
City property tb exchange for stock.
Sltf Address A. J. Right & Co ,
1025 O St.. Lincoln, Neb.
ty Safe blowers have unsuccessfully
tried their hand is Lincoln this
tyTho Jennings hotel, headquarters
of the Farmers' Alliance in Omaha, hat
changed its location and may be now
found at the corner of Ninth and H ir
ney streets, the old Cozzens hotel. 1) 'le
gates on reaching the city this week re
member tho place, two blocks north and
one block east of the viaduct.
tyThe farmers' elevator at Brom
field Is nearing completion and will be
one of the best elevators of its size in
the state, with a capacity of from 15.000
to 20,000 bushels. Mr. C. I. Trowbridge
is the foreman.
ty Mrs. J. C. Bell will open a Ladies'
Hair Dressing and Manicuring Parlor
at 114 North Fourteenth street, on Mon
day, February 1st. This will be the only
establishment in Lincoln devoted ex
clusively to this business. Mrs. Bell is
experienced in this line. She extends a
cordial invitation to the ladies ot Lin
coln to give her a call.
A. J. Rigby & Co., has removed from
room 21 to room 10 and It Newman
block. Where they have more commo
dious quart rs. All correspondence
will receive prompt attention. Address
them for bargains In real estate of all
kinds. Room 10 and 11 Newman block,
1025 O street. Sltf
On Friday last Senator Stanford's
bill for a circulating medium based on
farm mortgages, was balora the senate
and benator lVffer, as well Senator
Stanford spoke in its favor. Peffer spoke
nearly two hours and argued thai the
adoption of the measure would re leas
farm mortgages at high interest, cancel
farm debt, secure a constant freo cir
lulation of money by the reloaning of
principal and interest as last as pay
ment was made to the government, aud
make interest rates uniform through
out the country.
The weak point in tne bin is its iau
ure to provide against the possibility of
large landowners, railroads, corpora
tions and syndicates to some degree
monopolizing both land and money, to
the Injury ot the landless poor.
Representative Harter's bill ' to in
crease the circulating medium aud to
extend the national bank system," is.
without doubt, a Wall street goidoug
measure, introdu.ed to contuse tne
minds of the people and to drive them,
through fear of state money s.ich as we
used 10 have, and money not legal ten
der and equally good in alt the states,
to think the present national bank note,
gold basis, government-secured system
the onjy safe money system.
Over 6,000 bills have already been in
troduced iu both houses, and of these
onlv twenty-rive can bv any stretch of
Interpretation be classed us bills for
amelioration of the laboring classes of
city aud country, Nearly two thirds 01
them are what must be called private
bills, bills not bearing upon the inter
ests ot the people as a whole. Sixty-five
bills are pronounced by those who have
carefully looked tnrougn tnem an, -01-rectly,
clesrly and unqualifiedly capi
talistic," bills in the intenst of monopo
ly and the plutocrat class.
Congressman Simpson of Kansas,
wants 100,000 copies of the laws rela
ting to loans, and the currency printed
for the people. A very good proposi
tion, and the reform press can throw
light on them which is greatly needed
Senator Peffdr has introduced a bill
instructing the finauce commlttco to in
vestigate and report as soon as practi
cable what is the actual expense attend
ing the business of meney-londlng as It
is lent in the United States by bankers,
loan agents, tiust companies ind other
Institutions and individuals, on long
and short time. The Investigation of
expense is to inolude the items of rent
or use of buildings, insurance, taxes,
fuel, light, stationary, postage, tele
graphing, clerk hire, salaries of officers,
and all other expenses.
A rrt.it cit for Anon.
SiorxCiTY, la., John F. Emery of
Sioux Fulls is here in chargo of the sher
iff, who arrested him nt Mocklin, S. D.,
on a l imi ne of arson. Emery is a con
tractor and leading Seventh DayAd
ventist. Just before leaving to at
tend a religions meeting lie asked
a neighbor to keep up a fire in the houso
during his- absence. The neighbor,
smelling kerosene, investigated and
found that elaborate preparations had
been mado for firing the bivlding In the
attic and the fire was just starting.
Candles had been left burning bo as to
communicate with heaps of shavings
saturated with kerosene.
Murdered HI Sweetheart.
PiTTSBi'RO, Jan. 20. The remains of
Martha James, aged 19, a domestic at
Arthur's hotel, was found about mid
night near the Pittsburg. McKeesport
Yougniogheny tracks on tne south aiue.
The onlv mark on her body was an ugly
wound at the base of her brain. She
was last seen alive with ber lover. Mi
chael Friel, about an hour lieforo her
body wa discovered. Friel has been
arrested, pending tho coroner's investi
gation, lie claims that they were walk
ing on the tracks and that she was strode
by a train. There. is no evident of the
accident on any of the engines. uuJ tho
trainmen nay they have no knowledge of
having run tho young woman down.
A Now Bong Book.
We have received a sample copy of
"Songs of Industry," words and music
by Charles S. Howe of Michigan. It is
a choice collection of songs for farmers'
alliance and industrial and labor re
form organizations, temperance meet
ings and tho home. Alliances and others
getting up entertainments will find it
valuable as the niusiu is new and the
words well adapted to the inspiration
so desirable in songs of this character.
The book can be ordered from this
office or of the author, Charle3 S. Howe,
South Allen, Mich. Price 25 cents per
copy, or 20 cents a copy by the dozen.
ty Young Mr. Hitchcock wants a
name for a new department in his
hybrid paper. We suggest "Hitch-Rose-cocklana."
Ten dollars, please.
Or, if that don't do, how will "3qulrt
Gun Department" do? We want that
ten dollars, anyway.
Curtis & Hu libel 1 of Lincoln, adver
tise elsewhere in our columns "The Boss
Sprayer," of invalnablo service in de
stroying the insect pests of orchard),
vineyards and gardens, and also those
which prey upon shade and ornamental
Save Your Money.
Send for a receipt and make your
own blueing for five cents a gallon in
stead of paying ten cents for a four
ounce bottle, equal to $2 per gallon
This blueing is superior to any on the
market. Tell your neighbors of this
and send for a receipt, price 25 cents,
five receipt for $1. Address
24tf J. P. Harris, Fairfield, Neb.
I am now able to give price of coal at
your depot en all R. R. in the State.
25tf J. W. Haktliy, State Art.
A Serious Fall
In prices of fine stationery, albums,
soaps, perfumery and all goods, at C.
M. Leighton's, 143 S. 10th st. 25tf
I have this season the finest birds I
ever raised. At our late State Fair I
took premiums on everything entered,
at our December show I took 1st, 2d
and 8rd on four birds entered. Write
for prices en birds that will score 90 or
better. Eggs in season. F. G. YULE,
Box 336. (29tf) Lincoln, Neb.
Of short-hand, type-writing and tele
graphy is offering superior facilities for
acquiring a found practical training in
these arts. If you aro contemplating
attending a school of this kind it will be
to vour interest to call on or address
them at 1130 O street, Lincoln, Neb. 82
The Ilandaumeat lady In Lincoln re
marked ta a friend the otber day that ibe
knew Kemp's Bals&in for tho Throat and
Lungs was a superior remedy, as It stopped
her cough Inatautly when other oough reme
dies had no elTeot whatever. 80 to prove this
and convince you of Its merit, any dnnrrlut
will irlve you Sample Bottle ttef. Larre
ilzoWoaudtl. XT 6m
A stock of merchandise to exchange
for farm lands in Neb. Address
A. J. Riobt & Co.,
81tf " 1025 O St. Lincoln, Neb.
Learn Telegraphy at the Lineoln
j Business ouege. xu
The Eye end Ear
Are two most delicate and complicat
ed organs; without the eye we could
not guide our footsteps nor observe
the beauties of nature; without the ear
we could not hear the voices of our
friends nor enjoy the sweet sounds of
music. No one is so helpless as the
blind and more deserving of pity than
the df af. These two senses, being so
valuable should beguarped as we guard
our life. Many persons lose sight or
bearing by neglect, which timely aid
might prevent. Among the specialists
who treat these organs none have been
more successful than Dr. Dennis whose
office is over the First National Bank in
Lincoln. Mr. C. M. Marshall who has
been in the emnlov ot the big furniture
dealers. Gruetter & Co. was deaf is one
ear from which was a constant offensive
discharge for twenty-fare years. Ihe
l)r. cured It entirely in one raontn. Air.
Willis Short, clerk In the Mo. Pacific
R. R. offices, Mr. George Carter, com
mission merchant. Mrs. fcxtward
Grouse, wife of a steam fitter with Pom
erine & Cooper, Mr. Chas. Hook, tire-
man on B & M.. Mr. .T. K. Slatteny.
guard at the penitentiary and dozens of
others well known Lincoln citizens havo
been after otber specialists had failed.
Dr. Dennis' success is simply due to
his natural sk'.ll, experience and his
educational advantage, as be is a grad
uate of Rush Medical College, Chicago,
tho Post Graduate Medical College, N.
Y. City and the Polyclinic Hospital, N.
x. city. aw -i
Tree Planters of Lancaster County.
I shall have at 54th and R street, one
milo east of Wyuka cemetbry grounds,
East Lincoln, a full mipply of apple,
cherry, plum and shade trees, small
fruits ot latest varieties, evergreens and
ornamentals. 100,000 soft maple, one
and two years eld, choice for grove or
windbreaks. My stock will be ready
for sale about April 1st' if weather is
favorable. I offer for sale only what is
adapted to the climate, and all stock
warranted true to name. I expect to
start a fruit nursery at above place in
the spring. Call and see my stock, or
address me at Bethany P. O.. Lancaster
county, Neb. W. F. Wrioht, Propr.
In exchange for city property, A.J.
Rigby & Co., 1025 O St. 26tt
FOR SALE CHEAP.
A Full-blooded Polled Angus Bull.
Sired by Erin No. 7470, Dam, Jade
7461. Good animal, weight at-out 1800
lbs, 8 years old. As I am leaving tba
farm will sell for half valuo. Call on or
write to Oswald Palmer,
8114 Shelby, Neb.
Household Goods, Groceries end Provl:l:ns.
Just opened 50 dozen bed
Comforts, the best line we ever
Large sized comforts covered
with dial lis at $1.35 each, big
Beautiful twilled sateen com
forts, $1.25 and $1.35 each.
A fine line of comforts cover
ed with ilkaline, only 2.50 and
China silk covered comforts
Down comforts 4. 75,
Anything you want in com
forts from 39c up to the best
k UDRn in TARMPR If youoometothoolty droplnandsosus. Toucan par
n iiuiib w niiwii.w. railroad tara :
a t-AOO bill of roods,
But if you can't oome
any tblng you want
Hayden Bros., Dealers
THE QREAT CHEAP STORE
1211 O STREET,
Something new. A chance never had
goods and clothing at wholesale prices. Don't pay high retail prices wnen you
can buy what you want at regular wholesale price.
Head the following list 01 great bargains tnen orrtor what you want, you win
find It means a big saving to you. Can send you anything in the dry goods line.
Tell us what you want and what pries you wish to pay and we know we can suit
you. Always acta postage.
Good corsets 83c, worth 60c.
Good corsets 50c, worth 85c.
Regular 11 corsets only 65c.
Good suspenders, 10c a pair.
Lace curtains 75c a J air, worth 11.25.
. . ft 2.
" $1.50 " " t3.
Good, boys suits $1 00, worth $1.75.
" 1.50, " 2 90.
. .. 2.25, " 4.50.
Mens' suits 13.85. worth 17.
Mens' suits $5 worth tlO.
Our 35o wool hose 20c.
Ginghams, 5c a yard.
Very best novelty prints 5c a yard.
Ladies knit skirts 75c, worth $1.25.
Complete line of notions at lowest price
Bargains in millinery.
Turkish towels 3o each.
Curling irons 5c.
It Fays to Trade at the Leader the Cheapest
Store jn Nebraska.
1211 0 Street, Lincoln, Neb.
Always visit us when in Lincoln, you will find
it to your interest.
very Member of tte
should take THB AUM
I. Durrn 1S The Arena will enntwia ta
per on tae S-M-taer' AlUuoa ana US iaattt
ers. nvlnv umihiMldm htaton aTtaa rtae
of the movement arid PORT It AITS of tb
leadlnar iplrtta la tan rn-at apriMnf ot ua
people arml-at mooe-tiollee, WM, plutocracy
aad official corruption.
II. It will eontaln aotaoraUUve papers et
tlnv forth the eeotral olaim of each of the
treat partlea of to-day, and drawing elaarly
and iharply the II nee of damarkatloa oa all
an-at political, economical and social prob
lem. ITT. It will eontaln papers serljar forth the
cardinal demand! of the people in their or
ranlzed movement! aaainat old-time wronra
and Injiutlce, and the rcaaen for each de
mand. IT. It will hi an encyclopedia of political
nd social information, print Its readers a
m inter I y exposition of the true eonaltlom)
and needs ot the present, depleting the evlia
of the hour, and urv-stlnir remedies ealen
laled to secure a wider need of luetloa aad
liberty for the great toIMn miliums of our
land. From It! inception, The Arena bu been
TIIK HTKAOKA!. CHAMPION F THIS
rKOPl.K. absolutely fearless In Its denuncia
tion of p utoeracy, monopoly, and all means
and mcaaures that wrong the multitude or
Infringe upon the liberty of the humnles
citizen. In the future The Arena will beoon
spieuous for Its sinrreMlve and hold defence
of the rla-hiaof the masses aaralust the privi
V. It will contain treat papers By the
rreatest thinkers In the AIXIAKCE and all
the kindred orfranUntinns which are working
for a radical reformation of listing abuses
and unjust conditions.
VT. It will eontaln Hamlin Garland's
powerful Alliance story, " A Spoil of Office,"
which will be the moat graphic picture of tb
modern West and the social and polltioal con
ditions which called forth the Alliauee ever
THB ARENA PORTFOLIO
lie beautiful eollectlon of twenty-sli mm
phtraits of dirt'nintished authors and
leaders of thought In this GREAT uprising of
The Arena one year, price 9tM
The Portfolio, price 4.01
The fanners' Alliance en year tt
All for W.N
Address ALLIANCE PUBLI8HIHO CO.
jotf Lincoln, Nebraska-!
J. W. EoatRTOM. B. T. Kahiiswobik.
edgerton & farnsworth,
Attorneys aud Counselors at
Boom 814 New Tobk Ura Doiuo.
OMAHA, I I I MBRASKA.
Subscribe for Tn Alliakck.
THE ONLY ALLIUM
Tanner oses 1st
Just received, 10 cases ol'
cheap cotton-flannel blankets-
On sale this week. 10-4 white
cotton-flannel blankets' 75c per
pair. t v
10-4 silver gray cotton-flannel
blankets, one dollar a pair.
10-4 strictly all wool red
blankets only $2. 50 a pair.
.We cany the largest line of
blankets from the cheapest up
to the best California blankets.
Unbleached cotton-flannel 3jc
Eatra heavy cotton flannel 10
cents per yard.
fnr a hundred miles aad thsa savs money oa
mall us your order. Bund to us for prices ea
in Everything, 14tlDtb.8,,
before, an opportunity to buv vour dnr
Pins lc a paper.
Metal dress buttons 5c a doa.
Wool hoods 25o.
Children underwear natural wool 25c.
Gents underwear 15c, worth 35c.
Mens' wool hose 3 pair for 25c.
Writing paper 120 sheets for 12c.
Bargains In millinery.
Envelopes 8c a bunch.
Good laco 8 in. wide 5c a yd.
" 12c a yd , worth 20c.
Lead pencils rubber tipped 10c a doz.
All wool red under shirts Mcworth$1.25
All wool grey " " 40c worth 80c.
Large all linen towels 10c each.
Good handkerchiefs lo each.
Very nice handkerchiefs 5c, worth 15.
Very wido ribbon all colors 5o a yd.
50c celluloid finish playing c:urds 17o.
Bargains in millinery.
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