The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, January 21, 1892, Image 2

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I era wm Um tool ofrpreeiioa,
A4 m cui M sneker mI4 b
AmA WMfollH s4e4 tofatser
T beat poor aarf4 Us
Tk rttlnwU. eas eM part; bee,
Tmttir 414 ! tm
Aa4 tfcej tbvacht tWV4 be UtU trouble.
la wafklaf a hayaead like ma.
a4 at srery election tbey f as bm,
With taffy M fw.H m rou!4 be,
a rtw tfcsy sleeted their ticket,
Tfcejr tarfat a poor aajrd lika as
Tkaf eoU taaeaealTe tmt la ttaa banker,
An ttomagt t wanisbaano "apnas
ta at! al ma ai abacfc and Uvr,
ad raft saca a hayseed Ilk. ma.
' 1,1 !' rT s i
tWf latoWajpi,ittladTfl, ,
rarthaaakaai aalcalioMMfaa, ,
at aavar a cast at the profit.
Baa com. to a bay Mad lika ma.
at now I har resssd up a little,
Ami tkeir craad aad earraptioa I aaa,
Ami say neighbors ara waking arooad ma,
Aaa I Baa tby re all hyeed Ilk ma.
Aa4 vt bar formed aa Alliance,
From oppression we'ra bound to ba tree,
Am the ticket we rote next election.
Will ba made ap of barieoda lika ma.
Cotton Plant, Ala.
h:storv perexTS rrsELr."
Aeroe tba asa to nation eld
Columbia sealr la boaatfal train. i
She rana to the wealth bar coffer hold,
Aad floriee la bar vaevdomaia.
at la the duet of their decay
la traced a leeeon aba maat learn.
Or Sad but aahes, dead and fray,
Whore aow bar Ara of iuocm barn.
One they ware strong and pro ad aa aha,
Aad fathered wealth through all the
Their commerce whitened league of lea,
Thalr palace were fair and grand.
With thronging life no longer teem
Thoaa palaoe ball and city mart,
A4 from their mould' ring ruin gleam
The trace of forgotten art.
Whence tproag thli rata and decay I
The desolation of tbota land,
Where all that wealth and power held
Aad tolled thoaa host of skillful bands!
The few ant high In purple stats,
And rioted In eae and wealth;
The many toiled 'neath burden great,
Deprired of knowledge, comfort, health.
Thu maimed aad shackled, Labor (tande
" Where S ruined cities, blood stained
' ' grave, :; if ; .
Head for united heart and hand,
When all hall work and none be slsraa
Columbia, head the lesson well,
Repeated o'er from age to age,
teat history again shall tall, $
For a the legend on her page.
And listen! Progreai call, her owa
To rear for all humanity,
A temple, who grand corner toae
I labor, honored, cultured, treat
B. B. Kbworth in the Topeka Advocate.
'"V :f '' Varoaara CalMreeu fT
' Farmers' children are the hope and
the life of a nation. If they grow up
Intelligent moral patriotic there la
hops for the country, for. a continu
ance of free institution!. Seven
tenth of our children are born on
the farm. They have the preponder
ance in number a they have in
strength and Influence.. They grow
tip hearty, robust active, industrious.
They become the tnost active business
cnea in our citiee nod towns. - Our
cities would tooa degenerate, were it
not for the fresh' blood infused into
them from the country yearly.. . Go to
the most enterprising and successful
business men in any of our large cities
to-day and ask them where they were
bora, and the answer will be on the
(arm, perhaps in a cabin; - Ask your '
most successful lawyers, physloians
and ministers and they will tell you la
the country net in the city. There
Is more ia farmers' children than
most people look for, and there might
be still more. . Do you ask how! By
tarnishing: them better facilities for
education. It is the mind and the
moral that make the man. The man
must be educated to become useful.
The ignoramous does not make an im
pression. Ignorance does not rule but
Intelligence does, if we would have
society better we must educate our
children. Farmers' children are edu.
cated chiefly in the common schools.
Good common schools are doing more
lor the people, for the country, for
good morals, than any other instru
mentality. Taose having them inthsir
keeping must employ the boet teach
ers whose hearts are in their work;
who love their vocation; who do not
teach simply to make a few dollars,
but because they are performing an
Important duty which they wish to do
bsnestly and well Alliance Tribune,
Cora.rel fejr Great Corporation.
The transcontinental railroad com.
fclnation recently voted to the Pacific
Mail Steamship company the sum of
$7,000 a month. This is conditioned
solely on aa agreement by the Steam,
ship company that it shall not accept
freights between San Francisco and
New York at such rates as may divert
business from the transcontinental
railroads. As a sort of blind (which
deceives nobody) tb subsidy is paid.
iu we tonn 01 a contract tor space on !
the vessels. Last year the roads paid :
$400,000 (1900.000) for space that
was not taken. In addition to this
the same combination pays $500,000
year to the Canadian Pacific for
keeping out of the Paclflo coast busl
eess of the United States. At these
rates the aggregate of subsidies will
mount to $1. 400,000 a year, and for
what? Simply that the Pacific coast
may be denied free competition in its
carrying trade.
The Times states a condition that
lias been ia operation a long time.
For a good many years the people of
this state have been paying 1. 40d 000,
more or less, to buy off competition.
The people have a right to the lowest
freight rate. consistent with the cost
of the service. Our products are
thrown into a market w ere1 this law
of competition prevails If they have
to pay higher freight rates than the
products they compete with, they are
to the extent of these higher rates
placed under disadvantage in the gen
eral market. ; Admitting that the
profits of the monopoly are not ex.
oesslva, which, by theway, we do not
admit, the people of this state are
paring each year 11,400.000 more for
freight than they would need to pay
under free competition. The Pacific
ftfaU and the Canadian Pacific take
ear $1,400,000 for 'doing nothing.-.
La Angeles Times,
TBe rndaer of the French Ironclad Brea-
era, which was recently launched at
4fient,wM IS fast high and 19 feat wide,
weiirhuurir tone. , . , .
Mate (a last mm fte,a
tiMla.4 la US.
aad I
The following tetter from ei-So-
Ator totalis of Kansas was reoently
sent to the Washugtoa (IX C) Star:
To the Stan In a recent issse of
the New Nation I flnl this alleged
quotation from President Lincoln: "I
see ia the near future." said Abraham
Lincoln ia 1865, crisis approach
ing that unnerves me and causes me
to tremble for the safety of my coun
try. Atareoultofthe war corpora
tioos have bees eathronsd and an era
of corruption; in bigp places will follow
and the money power of the country
will endeavor to prolong its reign by
working upon the prejudices of the
people until all wealth is aggregated
in a few hands and the republic is do-
st roved. I feel at this moment more
anxiety for the safety of my country
than ever before, even during the
midst of the war."
The same extract has bean floating
through the journal of anarchy and
socialism for several years, and has
been a favorite paragraph with
pe9!m)tlo. oratorajn their appeals to
the passion of the poor.
It does not appear , in any of the
published messages, speeches or letters
of Linooln. The internal evidence is
against its authsntlolty. . . The words, .
the style, the construction are like
nothing in bis composition. Mr.
N tool ay, bis former secretary, has
never seen nor beard such expressions
in the writings r utteranoos of F real
debt Linooln.
Evidently it is a malignant clumsy
forgery. Yours, John J. Inoalls.
e would remind . toe bonorablo
gentleman from Kansas, says the
New Nation, that upon the third of
December, 18C1, President Lincoln
sent to Congress one of bis historic
messages. Its closing paragraph,
even read at this day, carries the Im
press of a great concern for the rights
of man. lie declared that "mon
archy Itself is sometimes hinted at as
a possible refuge from the power of
the people. In my present position I
would scarcely be justified were I to
omit ruihlng a warning voice against
this approach of returning despot
ism." Mr. Lincoln's thought was ev
idently running on the relation of
political power to property, a ques
tion raised by the Issue of slavery
and the capital which labor produces.
1 here is one point together with
its connections," oontinued Mr. Lin
coln, to which I ask a brief atten
tion. It is the effort to place capital
on an equal footing with, if not
above, labor in the structure of gov-
eminent ' -
Labor is prior to and independent
of capital Capital is only the fruit
of labor and could never have existed
if labor had not first existed. Labor
is superior to capital and deserves
much the higher consideration.
No men living are more worthy to
be trusted than those who toil up from
poverty none less inclined to take or
touch aught which they have not hon
estly earned. Let them beware of sur
rendering a political power which they
already possess, and which, If sur
rendered, will surely be used to close
the door of advancement against such
as they, aad to fix new disabilities and
burdens upon them, till all of liberty
shall be lost" 1 r ; j
So far a the immediate issues were
Concerned, it was not necessary to go
into the philosophy of capital at that
time, but the great stateman was look
ing at the fundamentals, and he point
ed to a danger beside whlcb negro
slavery was an incident the despotism
of capital over labor, and then he
warned the laborer to hold fast to his
political privileges lest "all of liberty
snail Oe lost"
Abraham Lincoln was a prophet,
and in a few years, even before the
war closed, the door of advancement
was closed to the average laborer. A
friend of Mr. Linooln, a resident of
Illinois, wrote to the president tn 1865
for a fuller statement of his views and
an explanation of the closing passages
of his message of December, 1861,
which we have quoted above. It was
in answer to this appeal that he wrote
the letter quoted in Tho New Nation,
which Mr. Ingalla declares "a malig
nant clumsy forgery.'' We are not
an expert on letter writing, but cer
tainly the prophecy of 'til aud the
anxiety of '65 have a marked family
likeness. The prophecy he made; it
was fast proving true in 1865; and it
was natural that he should say so.
The process of cornering the busi
ness of the country, well under way in
1865, has since reached a point where
even a counting house clerk can cal
culate the period of the culmination
of this conspiracy against labor and
the liberties of a great people, if in
1860 80 per cent of the people of the
United States owned 60 per cent of
property, how long will it take for
one man to own one-half and the rest
of the people one-half t Or how long
will it take for 6,000 to own 9) ner
cent of the country s wealth?
Inhuman folley.
The following- extract tram thu
Chattanooga (Tenn.) Times will ex
plain me situation in lennessee in re
gard to the release of the convicts in
that state, and accounts verv HaspI
why the plutocratio army known as
the "Plnkertoa Thugs." and the mi
litia have not been called upon to sub
due tho rebellious minora That
paper says: "In this Brtceviile mat
ter the state is condemned by five
sixths of the lead in r nnvrnniMM nf
Tennessee for its neglect for its inhu
man prison policy, and a still greater
number of the newspapers sympa
thize ooenlv with the mob. Thnr
are thousands of our best citizens who
are. in their secret souls., glad the
miners did what they did, though
thev trrieve that such violence thnnM
be needed to remind our lawmakers
ana executive authorities of their
Kesp Flawing, Lrt PollUea Alone.
Tho capitalistic papers and a great
many agricultural and country jour
nals that merely re-echo the senti
ments of others and do not reason out
their, own beliefs, are continually
harping at farmers to work harder,
to farm better, to raise bigger crojn
and more of them in order to better
tbeir condition. It is all very well to
farm better and reduce the cost of
production, but there is another ele
ment of more importance to be con
The farmers can produce the crops
all r'gh enough without the odvl or
aaalatance of the politicians, but tba
trouble is that after they are produced
lory belong practically, to the bond
holder aad the money-lender through
manipulation of markets and prloe
and control of the financial policy of
the government And then the farmer
is gentry admonished to keep on plow,
ing and leave politics to city editors
aad boodle politicians who know just
exactly what he need.
One of the uses of the Farmers' Al
liance is to direct the attention of
farmers to the real causes of low
prices, poor wages a:td sluggish mar-
keta. A certain class of people are
is tern ted ia having jutt such a state
of affaira People who live off in
comes derived from bonds, stocks,
rents, etc.. are desirous of having low
prices and cheap labor, as they can
then buy more for their income. If
prices and wages can be reduced one
half this Is equivalent to doubling in
come and debt. For the same rea
son the same class are interested in
preventing the issue of a national cur
rency. They have now. practically, a
corner on the money of the world and
they want to make money as scarce
and dear and hard to earn as possible.
Cheap labor, cneap sroods and dear
money is what tbey want in order to
increase the value of their unearned
privileges at the expense of the indus
trial classes. Farm View, CaL
Sei-vie Over !
The commercial world is looking
out for profitable investment. That
kind of property that can be secured
at the smallest cost and sold at the
largest advance Is regarded as the
most valuable. The shrewd, far-
sighted, financier, well understands
tbat service over cost Is the true meas
ure of valua The people should learn
to apply this well known rule to the
medium by which the products of
their labor Is exchanged. The free
coinage of gold into full legal tender
money makes every 25.8 grains of
standard gold worth $1. That is.
the people who create wealth, must
pay to the producer of- gold $1 in the
products of their labor, for evory
dollar in gold, before tbey can use It
as a dollar to transact business.
Hence, under the free coinage of gold
every dolmr costs the people 10 J cents
before it can enter into circulation as
money and perform service worth 100
cents. Let us apply this well
grounded Commercial s principle to
silver. If It is true that the silver
dollur is only worth 80 cents and yet
as money It performs the same service
that Is performed by the gold dollar,
it follows as a logical sequence, that
the silver dollar Is worth for service
as a medium of exchange, 20 cents
more than the gold dollar, because it
costs the people 20 conts loss to place
it ia circulation. But let us press this
inquiry a step further. A paper dol
lar will perform the same service that
a gold dollar will perform and hence
it is worth for money almost 100 cents
more than the gold dollar, because it
costs the people that much less to
place it la circulation. Topeka Ad
vocate. 1
Pacta Will Not Dowsw
Politicians and political doctrin
aires may theorize, the old party
press may quibble, misrepresent and
lie about this peopU's movement but
they can't down'the loglo of events.
Banks are failing, business houses are
closing, manufactures are suspending,
trade is dull collections are hard to
make, and a general fooling of dis
trust pervades commercial circles, and
the promised good times are not here.
If the theories of the politicians- and
old party newspapers are correct
whon can we look for a change for the
bettor? ; When will the banks stop
breaking? When will business men
cease going to the wall at the rate of
15.000 per annum? In short when
will the good times promised years
and years ago arrive? What will
cause this change? The people have
been told time, and again, year
after year, that good times were just
ahead, but they seem as far away as
ever. ' The politicians and rotten
press may deceive the people in some
things, but the logic of events is stay,
ing with them and revises to be moved
by sentiment and can not be downed
by lying. Alliance Tribune.
Irflng; London.
John Orme writes to the London
Nationalization News: "At last the
movement which is to nationalize all
our industries. has begun In London!
London! this mighty city which has
been lagging behind the rest of the
world like some great lumbering
wagon whose wheels could not be
greased, while the aivay of workers
all over the world has been pushing
on; at last it has begun to be lifted
out of the old ruts. The London
county conned have resolved by 90
vote to 2 (who nominally opposed
simply to obtain a division), to ac
quire the tram lines of North London."
Tba Faraier Hear It,
Prol Seligman, Columbia college:
The weight of taxation rests on the
farmer. In the rural districts the
assessor adds the personalty, which
Is generally visible and tangible, to
the realty, and imposes the tax on
both. We hear a great deal about the
decline of farming land. But one of
its main causes has been singularly
overlooked. It is the overburdening
ui mo agriculturist oy ino general
property tax. The farmer bears not
only hi share, but also tbat of other
ciasws oi socieiy. it is no wonder
that the small farmers cry out in their
desperation for the equal enforcement
n tne laws taxing personalty.
The Lake fount in
There are many earnest souls now
wrestling wan tne great economic
problem The great question is:
HOW Can We best Dresnnt trnl S tn
the masses; how reach the tired, over
worked milliOnS WhO RtllHlT little Ihlnlr
little, are prone to trust to the leader-
snip oi tne wealthy and prosperous,
spending their leisure, wh
any, in light amusements or dissipa-
uuo, wnue weir trusted counsellor
and leaders lead them to ruin?
The Economist: Every Alliance
congressman who was elected as an
advocate of the demands will
stand by those demands at all hazards.
They will not go into any party cau
cus on any question opposing these
demands, because no party has any
right to make such measure the sub
ject of caucus agreement Again,
every Individual has a perfect right to
stay out of any caucus he may choose.
A latareetlag TffrA WaP-Dralaved
Clare? rU I Steel Sa
rarama Stack afee aa4
Daeseetle aUlpe.
Oar laeer Feea.
At the convention of nomologists at
Washington. D. G. Prof, C V. ttilcy
gave a lengthy review of the mode
employed ia fighting Insects: The plum
eursulio. be said, b.bersates in the
beetle state ia the woods, hidden here
and there; it comes out early and feeds
o the tender foliage as well a ma the
fruit The lerilale mtfteTthe crescent
mark without feeding much. In eobr
nights it bides under bark, chips, etc".
To clean up alt rubbish of tMs'klnd In
and around the orcbard aad burn it or
bunt up the beetles and destroy them,
was an old and pretty good method. In
using the arsenical spray we depend
on killing the perfect beetle, but we
can thns reach and destroy only a cer
tain proportion of the onemiea It
may pay to spray, but ia reality no
better results are obtained by it than
by the old jarring procesa Certainly
there cannot be near the inducement
tor u to spray plums as to spray ap
ples for the codling worm. There is
also danger to the foliage. Through
Professor Uillett's experiments it was
found that a combination of the Bor
deaux mixture with arsenltea or the
addition of lime to the arsenical solu
tion lessened the danger of injury to
the foliage. This idea of combining
insecticides with fungicides for one
application is quite alluring, but it
has proved no great gain to economic
pathology: for while the mixture is
effectual as an insecticide, it has not
proven to be quite so useful as a fun
gioide. For stone fruits the combina
tion of Bordeau mixture with Paris
green seems to be all right Black
knot has appeared less on treated
trees than on untreated ones. The
showing on apples, however, was not
near so good. The combination mix
ture, in fact does not seem to be a
remedy for scab, although effectual for
coddling worm. Professor Riley
also referred to the gas treatment
foracalo on orange trees. : .The whole
tree Is enclosed In a kind of tent and
hydro-cyanic acid gas is generated in
a bucket near the foot of the tree.
The tont must be tight and held close
to tne ground oy putting earth upon
the lower edges. Tho formula for
making the gas la one part dry cyanide
of potassium, ono part sulphuric acid
and two parts water. The cost per
tree is less than 25 cents, and it will
be found as valuable a remedy for red
scale and other insects in Florida as it
proved in California. Resin washes
have also been found valuable against
scale insects. The object is to coat
the whole tree over with the substance,
a very coarse spray may be used.
The fluted or white scale, formerly so
destructive ' to California orange
groves, has been exterminated in two
and a half years in consequence of the
introduction of tne Australian lady
bug, so that it is now difficult to find
even a specimen. - At present the vio
tory is complete, although it is very
likely that rfheTcn'emy.'. will appear
again after the Australian ady bugs
have disappeared from want of: food.
There are various other scales f this
kind in Mexico, the West Indies, etc.,
and Florida growers should be care
ful not to import them on vlnea trees,
eto. Our enemies are on the increase;
but wbile the number grows, it is
a question whether more injury is
done now than 100 years or twenty
years ago. We only learn more of
their history. Lately there have been
foifbd forty-five absolutely new, here
tofore unknown kinds. Among these
new posts are a boring beetle, which
proves very injurious to strawberry
roots and the apple maggot which be
gan its career at the ast and is
spreading West Prof. Harvey- hoe
shown that the insect develops inside
of fruit in barrels and bins. The eggs
are inserted through the skin of the
apple. The female lays from 800 to
400 eggs. There Is no available rem
edy yet within our grasp except the
careful destruction of fallon fruit and
of the refuse In bins and. barrels,, .This
insect Is an Importation from abroad.
Another new pest, is a two-winged
fly. a subtropical Insect which may do
damage to the peach crop of Georgia
and other Southern states; another Is
the Japane e peach fruit worm, which
is allied to the codling worm. Often
! 80 per cant of the peaches in Japan
are affected by It It appears in June
ana again in August i ne eggs are
deposited on the apex of the fruit
just as in case of the codling. We
should be on the lookout and prevent
their. importation.
netry Liod Bett
When the country was new there
was no deficiency of fertility even of
the lightest solL Its advantages : of
easy working and quick response to
table manure made it preferable over
the slower and later soils ; of ; heavier
texture. Then as the vegetable mat
ter of clay land was exhausted it be
came still later and harder to work.
It lost Its former capacity for drying
out early in the spring, and thus be
came filled with cold, stagnant water
tbat needed expensive underdraining
to put into condition for. profitable
working. Meanwhile if the light soil
had been frequently seeded with clov
er, and not overcropped, It would have
maintained its early capacity for pro
duction, and generally increased it
Clover is a richer manure, containing
more of both nitrogen and mineral
fertility than did the humus composed
of fallen leaves of which the fertility
Of virgin soil mainly consists.
Even in early days, however, there
were many lapses from the careful
policy needed to keep sandy land in
good tillable condition. These showed
that when the sandy soil was exhaust
ed it was in less hopeful condition than
was the heavier soil which was harder
to work after its vegetable matter hod
been exhausted. In the case of clayey
soil nature puts in a veto against such
thorough exhaustion as was possible
with land whose soil is mnlnly sand.
The latter Interposes no obstacles to
passage of roots through it and what
it contains of plant food the plant can
more speedily exhaust In a clay soil
fertility after vegetable matter is ex
hausted is locked up in clodi. Under
draining and thorough Cultivation
break up these clods, but in any case
the clay always retains mors of min
eral plant food than the send. It may.
however, be better helped by the com
merclal fertilizers, mainly becauae
these are partly compoeed of sul
phurlc acid, which doubtless helps to
make part of the soil more soluble,
and therefore able' to give Its fertility
to crops. . -
Tnere ia no reason wby. with fair
management, a clay soil Well drained.
may not be cropped forever without
decrease, but rather increase, of fer
tility. It clover seed la sows once in
three years, and allowed to grow until
early two years old before plowing
the sod under, the manure made on
the farm, with phosphate whenever
the clover is sown, will keep it ia good
heart for all train crops Fruit and
garden crops require heavier fertiliza
tion. . partly for the re&son that they
ara always sold from the farm aad re
turn less to the land. But it is easier
to grow fruit aad garden vegetables a
long term ot years on heavy land, if
wen arained. than U Is for the same
time on sandy soil. The latter re
quires much more manure and ia after
all. uttla if aag earlier for most crops
than Is a well-drained soil with clayey
texture, Country Gentleman.
Ratal ter Warms
blow art is right when be saya there
Is gold in grass. How. it is elsewhere.
I do not personally know, but here in
Kentucky, where the famed blue-grass
is Indigenous and other grasses grow
well, there is a lamentable need for
more grass. It is an exceptional case
to see over twenty acres of grass on
tne average farm. By seeding down
a greater area to grass and giving bet
tar cultivation to the remainder, not
only will there be better crops raised.
but If managed rightly, the grass will
pay better in dollars and cents than
other crops. And above all the land
will be constantly . improving 'for the
uso . of future generation when
smaller and more fertile farms will be
necessary. The second means is
somewhat dependent ou the first By
having more grass, more time can be
given to gardens and truck farm
ing. Now, it does not seem ad
visable for farmers to aim
to raise all kinds, or many
kinds of garden products to sell, un
less they have an unusually good mar
ket convenient But by supplying
the demands of the table the home
market as it were the cost of living
can be lessened. In addition, it is
well to investigate and find eome veg
etable product for which there is a
good market and then grow a quan
tity of : it Even in small country.
towns mere are hotels that will buy
certain vegetables. By devoting at
tention to only one or two .kind. . we
can learn well how to successfully
grow and handle them to the best ad
vantage. Having a good quality, one
man o.m o'ten get a contract to supply
the entire demand of a village hotel
If not convenient to make daily deliv
eries non-perishable products ran be
grown and weekly or semi-weekly de
liveries made. Managed on this plan
sweet potatoes last year yielded me an
income twelve times as large, per
acre, as wheat Practical Farmer.
Slek Boom Uouf.
Don't rock your chair incessantly.
Don't stay so long as to tire the pa
tient Don't s-but the register with a clashing
sohnd. .i.
'" Don't come Into the room with wet
dothing on.
V Don't" talk about sickness or other 'di
agreeable subjects.
Don't let the bureau knobs fall heavily
or bang the doom
Don't kits the patient if yon have just
come out of the cold.
Don't sit where the patient must change
her position to look at you.
Don't play with anything in your hands
or anything affixed to the furniture.
Don't talk so fast that it is a strain on
the patient's serves to understand all you
Don't sit by the side of the patient for
he can't look at you without straining
her neck.
Domeatle Help.
To clean gold jewelry, make a lather ot
plain yellow soap and tepid water, and
wash the ornament in it; dry them thor
oughly, and afterward brush them with a
little dry whiting, finally polishing them
with a very soft-leather.
It is said that a Paris laundryman has
discarded all soaps, sodas and boiling pow
ders." He merely naes plenty ot water and
boiled potatoes, and can cleanse, without
employing any alkali, the worst soiled
linens, cotton or woolens.
Dr. Hutchinlson recommends for the
treatment of bleeding at the nose the
plunging of the feet and hand of the pa
tient in water as hat as ran be borne. He
says that the most rebellious cases have
never resisted this mode of treatment
The old-fashioned rule for pumpkin pie
is about two enpgful of pumpkin to five of
milk, or four of milk and one of cream,
four or five eggs, sweetening and spices to
the taste. Do not forget to add half a
tsaspoonfal of salt to every quart of milk
used in the pies.
Hore is a good way to wash red flannel:
Stir two tablespoonfuls of flour into ons
quart of cold water. Let it boil ten min
utes, add warm suds and wash the flannel
In this, using handsJosteod of washboard.
Rinse in three waters, all warm, and of
the same ' temperature. Even the bright
scarlet flannel will never Ko it colof
when thu treated.-
! Stock Note.
Feed and shelter well.
Keep good cattle or none.
Mixing breed promiscuously does not
work well. ,
The time to break the cow to lead is
when she is a call
Good care and good keep are a essential
a good breed, f
It does not pay to raise a good calf no
leas good care is given.
Hardiuess is too often made the cause for
a man to abuse his cattle.
Keep the heifer calves from the best
cows, and keep for future milkers.
There is no advantage in keeping a large
cow simply because she is big.
If the calf is to be raised by hand it
should not be allowed to suck the cow.
No one thing is capable of occasioning
more inconvenience at time than a badly
broke call
One object gained with improved stock,
is the increased power of digestion and
It costs more to make milk from old
rows than from young ones having ' the
same milk capacity.
It is more or less ot a waste to feed
corn meal to cattle without giving mora
bulky material with it
The best cow in the world will not give
rich milk unless she is given the food from
which to manufacture it
Cattle will do better to eat their hay or
fodder clean than to have a quantity in
the mangers to muss over.
Cattle will worry if obliged to wait for
thoir meals, and worry means wast of
flesh aad food; feed them regularly.
The Alliaaco Dispatch: The elec
tion this year have given us one use
ful lea son. Tbey have clearly demon
strated one truth that it was well for
us to know. They have demonstrated
beyond the i possibility of doubt that
whatever the leaders and press of the
old parties may say is regard to the
farmers and laborers' movements,
however they may try to flatter us by
the assertion that our demands are
mostly juat; that they are our friend,
and if we will just be patient and wait
they will bring us the relief we ask.
tbey are and will be our persistent aad
implacable enemies, sad win do all in
thir power to defeat us asd to pre
vent the enactment of our demands In
to law. By what logic can you be led
to depend upon the favors of either
the Republican or Democratic parties
after it is known tbey joined them
selves - together bodily in two
great statelier the express andavowed4
purpose " or defeating the farmers
movement? Away with such foolish
ness! If we mean to be free, if we
mean to unlock the shackles that the
despotism of a moneyed aristocracy
has fastened upon us, we must lely
upon our own unaided efforts, opposed
by all the cunning and ingenuity of the
money kings acting through both ot
the old parties, ...
The Advocate: We have been told
by every plutocratic paper in this fair
land that lbs national bank was the
safest banking system that the country
could devise. In view of the numer
ous national bank failures Within the
post few months have these- state
ments been substantiated? We say
not After a national banker has
failed wby are his outstanding bank
notes good? because of the guarantee
of the5 government that they will be
accepted as money. 1 hat is no more
than the greenback possesses to in
spire the confidence of the people.
and yet the financial bosses tell us
that money issued direct by the gov
ernment cannot be made honest
money. But when it is all simmered
down we find that even the national
bank notes are based on the same
basis that the greenback is, viz: on
the credit and ability of the govern
ment to pay. 1 Why can't the govern
ment be honest with the people and
give them their money direct instead
of delegating, this power to a lot of
shylocks who are sapping the very
life blood of the nation by charging
ruinous rates , of interest The legal
tender dollar '"can be put into circula
tion in various ways, but the national
bank dollar has, but one channel
through which to reach the marts of
commerce, , and that is by some one
borrowing it at an enormous rato of
interest and giving gilt edge personal
Oagbt to TTe, Bnt Ara Not.
The farmer who hangs on to his old
party affiliations is to a very great ex
tent responsible for all the poverty
that exists among the tillers of the
sclL The producers of the food pro
ducts of the world ought to be the
most independent class of people in
the world. Yet the banker, the spec
ulator In farm product the railroad
operator and protected manufacturers
amass millions, while the farmer
comes out in debt to non-producers at
the end of the year. Topeka Advocate.
TinrnT .17. s a t .th avt "btotatt.
ff asaatv WaWsmaisa7sl lllll Va 1 aataf aaSVaamat atV sSdaBasl
Clothing, Hals, Cans ai Fiiislg Ms.
AUBURN. 19m8
Special Attention
1017 & 1019 0 STREET.
Solid, Whole Stock Kip Boots.
Name and price stamped on every
Boot Evidence of faith in the
quality of the goods.
O Street.
The Following Inducements:
Roond Oaks, Cook Stoves and Base Heaters at a very low price, Washing
Machines at I t . 50 each. We handle the
American Round Oak and Red Cress Stores and Ranges.
We ask jou to call and be convinced that we can Bell yon goods
Cheaper than any body.
1210 O St. . IP. S. WHITE,
(8aocessor to Kruse k White
ral II Tkl Way.
I am not in-fsvor of taking ths prop
erty of the rich and giving it to othera
Bnt let us see. We are invited to the
banquet of life; there should have been
a chair aad a plate for each, but there
was not ' Certain mffiloaalres " add
noble-men", have been given fifty
seats and fifty plates, and forty-nine
are compelled to stand and look' on
while the one is eating. Why should
not the forty -sine men pass a law in
favor of eminent domain? .Nature la
my mother. I wss invited to this
great feast of life, and I do net propose
to s'and while there is a seat in the
world that another fellow is not oc
cupying. CoL Bohert Gt IngersolL
la TaraaS.
The street railways " in ; Toronto are
all owned by the municipality, and
are operated by private persons under
the terms , of, a Jease. The city . re
cei ves $800 a year per mile of . track
and 8 per cent of the gross earnings.
The returns for the month of Septem
ber show that 111.651 was paid to tho
city by the lesseea or at the rate of
$140. 000 a year . Tickets in bunches
are sold at a large reduction. Ono
class of tickets for the u of work
men are sold at the rate of eight for
25 cents. Children under 9 years of
age carried at -half price, and' school
children's tickets are sold at the rats
of ton for 25 oents. Sentinel. '
The Plow and Hammer We recog
nize this fact, that ths Farmers' Al.
lianoe is not a political party. , Wo
recognize another fact that the de
mands made in the Ocala and Omaha
platforms are political. ' and demand
legislation. We are cognizant of still
another fact that the old parties re-
. a . 1 3 . 1 A A - - . . V. .
Alliance tn their platform. We know
that the demands of the PeopleV
party is in line with the demands of
the Alliance and kindred organiza
tions. Now, the question naturally
arises if the members of the Alliance
are in full sympathy with their plat
form and hope and expect to see their
demands enacted into law, how , do
they propose to do It? Through party
organizations, that refuse to embody
these reforms in their platforms?
I the Lightest Rnnalng
, Wind Hill aow Made.
After 81 Tear fit naaea la tha aaanuta
tare of Wind Mill, we have lately made a
complete ohaoge la our mill, all parts bates
built tron-er and better proportioned Sad, e
elf lubricant baahiiurnlaoed In all hnna t
save the purchaser from e limbing high tow
er oi m, i ae lame principal oi aeu gov-'
trnlng retained. Bvery part of the Mill ful
ly WARRANTED, and wlil rua wltaaiit mak.
lhjr s noiae. ...
The reputation rained by the Perkins Mil
in the past ba Induced some unscrupulous
persons to Imitate lh mill and even to take
our same aad apply it to an inferior mill Be
not deceived, none genuine unless stamped
as below. We manufacture both punplng
and reated mills, tanks pump eto and ren
eral Wind Mill-mppHe. Good Agents wans,
ed. Bend for eatalone and nrloas. 41-m .
fbkbums, wind uiu. a ax cu
Miahawaka, lad.
Mention fAMrsas'. Aixiajob. .
to Mail Orders.
BROS., "