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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1891)
FAUMEKS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, DEC. 31, 18U1.
THE FARM A25D STABLE.
USEFUL INFORMATION PER
.TAININO TO THE FARM.
Crowing CloverBreeding- Poultry
A Job for Cold Waather Injury
to Stifle JointThe Be
There is no question among farmers
Who have tried it as to the value of
dover on the farm, but their is a con
siderable difference in the manner of
seeding and managing. There is no
question but ' hat difference in soil
and location have much to do with
this difference, as what is best in one
locality will not always be best in an
other. Some sow on winter wheat, sowing
the seed in February, the exact date
being largely 'determined by the sea
son. Whenever it can be done it is
best to sow reasonably early. Others
claim that the best results are obtain
ed by sowing with oats. Take the first
opporunity in the spring for doing
the work, as earliness is quite an item
with both clover and oats. Others
sow the clover alone about the time
of the last snow, say about the last
week in February. These claim that
when the clover is sown with small
grain after the crop is harvested the
plants, being so suddenly exposed to
the hot sun after being sheltered all
through their growth previously, are
Some plough under early in the fall
where a good stage of growth lias been
secured, claiming that there is a large
amount of valuable plant food ip the
clover which, if ploughed under when
green, will be returned to the soil.
Others either lot the clover die down
in the fall or cut it down with a mow
er and let it lie until spring, when it is
ploughed under. Those following this
plan claim that keeping the soil shad
ed aids in storing fertility, and hence
the advantage in letting the clover he
on the ground until spring, and then
plough under and either plant to corn
or potatoes, and then sow to wheat
again in the fall, making a three years'
rotation; or by having oats follow the
forn cr potatoes and then wheat and
back again to clover, making a four
years' rotation. Others plough under
the second growth in the iall and sow
In a locality where the oats can be
sown early, usually not later than the
last week in February, sowing clover
with the oats will nearly always give
' good results, but when the seeding
must be delayed until March, be
cause the soil cannot be suit
ably prepared before, it will
be best to sow alone or on the
winter wheat in order to get the work
done early. But the manner of sow
ing is not so important, provided it is
done in a way that will secure a good
growth, as it is to be sure and sow
more or less every year. Clover aids
to build up the fertility by mulching
the soil. Shading the soil aids in the
process of storing nitrogen, and a
good growth of clover will shade the
soil completely. The roots extend
deep into the subsoil and bring up
more or less fertility to the surface,
and in this way the surface soil is en
riched. Clover is a gross feeder and
derives some of its sustenance from
the air, and in this way adds to the
fertility. The first crop may be cut
for hay, bo fed out to stock and the
manure be hauled out and applied to
the soil, and the second crop be
ploughed under to add to the fertility.
It is not best to depend upon clover
alone to keep up the fertility, but it is
a very important item, and on the
majority of farms, especially in the
West, there is not so much sown as
tliovn '"xmld be.
the poultry is fattened for
maricet a sufficient number for breed
ing purposes should be selected out.
These should be the best fowls on the
place, if the quality of the flock is to
be kept up. With chickens it is not
best to keep all young hens or all
young pullets, as old hens make the
best mothers, while often pullets make
the best layers.
Keep one rooster to every dozen
hens, if the poultry are to be allowed
to riin at large. Better results could
be obtained if the roosters could be
kept from the hens until they are 18
months old. When young hens are
used the roosters should be 2 years
old. There is nothing gained by keep
ing ore roosters than are needed for
breeding, ns they add to thecost with
out increasing the income.
One turkey gobbler will answer for
a dozen hens, so that ordinarily one
will be all that will be necessary to
keep. From three to five hens, how
ever, will be as many as an ordinary
farmer's wife will care to look after.
Unless a specialty is made oi keeping
them for the eggs, one drake and five
ducks are enough. They will make a
good breeding pair. Ducks, if given
r i.i i . i : M Ci 1
cuiiiiurLauie (miners, win-nucii uegui
laying the latter part of January or
the first of February, but usually it is
not best to commence hatching until
Guineas prefer to mate in pairs, but
if fewer cocks are kept they will mate
with several hens. They do not usu
ally begin laying until spring and can
be set at any timeduring the summer.
With geese the better 'plan is to keep
the old geese for breeding and sell the
young ones. The young ceese will
bring ft better price in market, while
the older fowls will lay as many e?gs
and grow as many feathers.
Pigeons mate in pairs in February,
and it is not desirable to have odd
fowls of either sex.
Do not undertake to keep to many
fowls. More profit can be secured from
a small number given good care than
a larae number left to shift for themsel
ves. l3uttho.se that are selected should
be the best on the farm, and the se
lection sheuld be made before they
are fattened for market. By this
plan a good improvement in the flock
can be made at comparativly small
A Job for Cold Weather.
Out-door painting that has for any
cause been postponed, may now be
done to even better advantage then in
warm weather. It is not quite so
agreeable to paint out-doors in
cold weather as it is in the warm
months, and tne paint does not
spread quite so easily; but there is
more leisure to attend to it, and the
paint, if it does take a little longer to
dry. lasts better than when applied in
late spring or early summer. It is as
serted in fact that a coat of paint
pat on now and one applied next
June will need renewing at the same
time, so that there is an actual gain
of half a year in enjoyment of the
fresh coat. The cost of painting may
be very largely reduced by doing it
oneself. It is not a difficult craft to
learn, if one has "gumption" and
uses his wits to get the knack of it.
The farmer whoso buildings need
painting, and are deteriorating for
the lack of it, may feel that he can
not afford to hire professional paint
ers at high wages to do the work.
But he can do the work himself,
taking his owntime.ata good deal less
than half the cost. It is the time,
not the material, that counts up the
In buying paints avoid the prepared
article, which rarely proves durable.
It is much better to buy the best white
lead and raw linseed oil, and mix the
colors as desired. Painters say that
the yellows of various shades make
the most durable colors, and as they
are, unless too intense, agreeable to
the eye, it is desirable to use them.
The best dryer to use is brown Japan,
other dryers, such as litharge, patent
dryer, sugar of lead, etc., being unreli
able. Raw linseed, in connection with
the brown Japan, is preferable to the
It always pays, in getting paints for
outdoor work, to buy t he best quality,
for a good article will long outlast an
Injury to Stifle Joint.
Horses and cattle are extreraly li
able to injury of the stifle or hip-joint
from the wide and prominont portion
of the body. Added to this barn and
stable doors are generally too narrow,
and hung on hinges which permit the
door to blow shut, or partly so, and
the animal's entrance drags it against
the hips. Horses and oxen are too
often unharnessed or unyoked and
forcibly driven into the stables. Goine
in with a rush the hips are violently
thrust against the sides of the door.
Sliding doors will greatly lessen these
injuries. Even though the injuries to
the hips of animals may not be serious,
yet the bruises and sores on the hips
of horses or cattle are unsightly, and
painful to the poor brutes when lying
down. And in summer flies torment
them because of the sores. These
bruises or sores should be fomented
or poulticed till the fever is removed,
and then daily dressed with the fol
lowing: Tincture of arnica, .two
ounces; ' acetic acid, one ounce; am
monia, one ounce; soap liniment 10
ounces; carbolic acid, two drams.
Mix and keep in a well corked bottle.
The use of tar or grease from the wag
on axle is tierviceable, but for horses
uncleanly, as the hands and harness
are s.ure to be soiled.
The Bee Moth.
The bee moth, Galleria cereana,
says Prof. Cook, is a generally recog
nized enemy of the honey bee; yet it is
usually powerless to injure but weak
colonies, especially of the yellow races
of bees. Though called the wax
moth, it really feeds mostly on pol
len, though it cuts the comb in a ruin
ous fashion, as it tunnels through and
through it in search of its real food.
It is not considered a serious enemy
by any well informed bee keeper, but
will often do serious mischief to weak
colonies of bees by matting, soiling and
tunneling the combs, and in this way
exciting and dispiriting the bees. It
is also ruinous to exposed combs,
and thus makes caution on the part
of the bee keeper an imperative neces
sity to success.
It takes as much feed and care for a
scrub as a thorougbred.
Ten per cent more cattle in the
country and 30 per cent more corn.
There is a ready market for large
horses in Eastern cities, but the sup
ply is not equal to the demand.
A Western journal throws out a
hint to inventors to try and utilize
the now useless corn husk. Who will
take the hint and carry it into effect?
Some may raise scrub cattle be
cause they require but little attention,
but with the lazy man this is an un
answerable argument in favor of the
It is true in breeding as well as in
growing crops, the man who weeds the
closest and most intelligently is the
one who grows the largest crop and at
the least cost.
What sane man would deliberately
waste a quart or two of good new
milk? And yet many do this very
thing by being harsh with the cow, and
stiU'consider their minds sound.
The annual loss of agriculutral
products in this country by thedepre
dations of insects is estimated at 10
per cent. But what does this mean?
Taking the estimate of our farm prod
ucts at the figures given, $3,800,000,
000, it means that these little pests
destroy every years products worth
the snug little sum of $3,800,000. If
such a sum were stolen in bulk what
a sensation it would create!
A large variety of grasses in pas
ture land makes better feeding and a
longer season than where only few
are present. Twenty to forty varie
ties may often be found in an old pas
ture, and with a good top dressing of
manure in the fall or the application
of a fertilizer in spring such a pasture
map be kept in a satisfactory condit
ion for several years.
It has been suggested that as far as
possible, roads should be made to
wind around hills instead of going
over them. But it is a fact well-known
to horsemen that a horse can travel
longer on a road that has tips and
downs if the grades are not too
heavy than if it runs for a long dis
tance on a dead level. The secret of
this is that by going up and down hill
different sets of muscles are brought
into play, while on a level road tha
strain is on the same set continuous
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
LATEST ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE
MEN OF SCIENCE.
To Teach the Bllnd--Teles-raDhy
Without Wire Photographs
From AboveWhy Slxt
Minutes Make an Hour
To Teach the Blind.
A daughter of Rabbi Brown, in a re
cent essay before a Cleveland high
school, suggested that the phonograph
be employed in teaching the blind, as
a successor to the comparatively
crude, cumbersome and expensive
books with raised letters, which now
form the chief vehicle of information
for the unfortunates.
Rabbi Brown wrote to Mr. Edison
regarding the matter and the great
inventor replied that the idea was en
tirely new to him, ana that it was
practicable. He added that he would
begin work at once on the changes in
the phonograph needed to carry the
plan into operation. He expressed the
belief that it would prove satisfactory
in every way.
Miss Brown suggested the reading of
lessons and studies into the phono
graph in order that the teaching of
the blind might be facilitated; and,
going beyond the educational stand
point, and the rending of the popular
novels, histories, books of travel, and
whatever else micht prove interesting
and instructive into a phonograph to
be repeated wherever and whenever
desired. Her idea was that this plan,
if carried out, wculd enlarge the
libraries of the blind and decrease the
expense of providing matter for them.
Tho reading of books by paid readers
might be entirely done away with so
far as the individual was concerned.
In other words one person could read
to the blind of the world, the only
limitation being the language in which
the reading was done. There are com
paratively few books that have been
reproduced in raised letters. In fact
the Bible is the only book that has a
common circulation among the blind.
"There is one difficulty to be over
come," said W. 8. 'Gray, manager of
the Chicago Central Phonograph Com
pany, in speaking of the plan pro
posed by Miss Brown, "and that is
the limited capacity of tho cylinder in
use in the phonograph at present. A
cylinder is run through in five min
utes, on an average, and the most
rapid speaker will not talk more than
1000 or 2000 words in that length of
time. This would necessitate a great
number of cylinders for the transcrib
ing of a single book, still they could
be arranged with the title of the book
and the relative number of the cylin
der in raised letters at the end, facil
itating their use by the blind. In
carrying out the plan of reading books
into the phonograph much in the way
of descriptive might beomitted, short
ening the story to the truly relevant
WHAT EDISON IS DOING.
"Mr. Edison is now conducting ex
periments, in fact he may be said to
nave completed the work, of reducing
the size of the cylinder and increasing
its capacity. In accomplishing this
he has made tho recording needle just
half the size of the present one. The
screw is also made smaller, increasing
the number of revolutions of the cylin
der from 100 to 200 to tho inch, thus
doubling its capacity. Special ma
chines could be constructed admitting
a much larger cylinder and, with the
new receiving needle, the number of
words might be increased to 4000 or
5000. As to the durability of the cyl
inders they are practically indestruct
ible. I had one cylinder in use in St.
Louis, which was made to repeat its
words 3000 times, and the last time
it was on the machine it reproduced
the sounds as accurately as the
first time. It was accidentally
broken or it might still be in use. A
single reading could be taken on any
number of machines, and each of t hese
in turn could tell its story to a hun
dred blind people and repeat as de
sired." The lessons recorded on the instru
ments by the most cultivated teach
ers, especially trained for the work,
are as nearly perfect as possible and
the listener may have each sentence
repeated hundreds of times until he is
assured a perfect pronunciation and
proper intonations of any foreign
sounds. The machine can never get a
headache and become cross and snap
pish, a recommendation that applies
equallj well to the teaching of the
blind. Many clergymen, litterateurs,
and public men are studying German,
French, Italian and Spanish by means
of the Meisterschaft system combined
with the phonograph. Chicago Trib
une. Telegraphy Without Wires.
At the third annual dinner of the
Institution of Electrical Engineers
Prof. William Crookes, in proposing
the to ast of the evening, "Electricity in
Relation to Science," said that they
had happily outgrown the preposter
ous notion that research in any de
partment of science was mere waste
of time, says the London Gazette.
The facts of electrolysis were by no
means either completely defected or
co-ordinated. They pointed to the
great probability that electricity was
atomic; that an electrical atom was
as definite a quantity as a chemical
It had been computed that in a sin
gle cubic foot of the ether which fiiled
all space there were locked up 10,000
foot tons of energy which had hither
to escaped notice. To unlock this
boundless store and subdue it to the
service of man was a task which
awaited the electrician of the future.
The latest researches gave well-founded
hopes that this vast storehouse of
power was not hopelessly inaccessible.
Up to the present time they had
been acquainted with only a very nar
row range of ethereal vibrations, but
the researches of Lodge in England,
and Hertz in Germany, gave an al
most infinite range of ethereal vibra
tions or electrical rays from wave
lengths of thousands of miles down to
a tew feet. Here was unfolded a new
and astonishing universe ono which it
was hard to conceive should be power
less to transmit and impart intelli
gence. Prof. Nikola Tesla had
lighted a room by produc
ing in it such a condition
that an illuminating appliance might
be placed anywhere and lighted with
out being electrically connected witn
anything. He sunnondrd two harts
of ineatal, each roiiiMctd with one of
the terminals of the roil.
If an exhausted tube was carried
any here, bet wet-n three cherts, and
placed anywhere, it remained alwnvs
luminous. The extent to which this
method of illumination might be prac
tically available experiment alone
could decide, r rom lesla researches
ic appeared that a true flame could
now be produced without chemical
aid. The slower vibrations to which
he (the speaker) had referred revealed
the bewildering possibility of teleg
raphy without wires, posts, cables or
any of our present costly appliances. It
was vain to attempt to picture the
marvels of the future. Progress, as
Dean Swift observed, might be too
fast for endurance. Sufficient for this
generation were the wonders thereof.
Why Sixty Minutes Make an Hour.
Why is the hour divided into sixty
minutes, each minute into sixty sec
onds, etc? Simply and solely because
in Babylonia there existed, by the
side of the decimal system of nations,
another system, the sexagesimal,
which counted by the rixties. Why
that number should have been chosen
j clear enough, hut it ; k-n well for
the practical sense of those ancient
There is no number which has so
many divisors as sixty. The Baby
lonians divided the sun's daily jour
ney into twenty-four parasangs, or
72!) stadia. Each parasang or hour
was subdivided into sixty minutes. A
parasang is about a German mile and
the Babylonian astronomers compar
ed the progress made by the sun dur
ing one hour at the time of the equi
nox to the progress made by a cood
walker during the same time, both ac
complishing one parasang.
The whole course of the sun during
the twenty-four equinoctial hours
was fixed at twenty-four parasangs,
or 720 stadia, or 3B0 degrees. This
system was handed on to the Greeks
and Hippalchus, the Greek philoso
pher, who lived about 150 B. C, in
troduced the Babylonian hour in
Ptolemy, who wrote about 150 A.
I)., whose name still lives in that Ptol
emic system of astronomy, gave still
wider currency to the Babylonian
way of reckoning time.
It was carried along on the quiet
stream of traditional knowledge
through the middle ages, and, strange
to say, it tailed down safely over the
Niagara of the French revolution.
For the French, when revolutionizing
weights, measures, coins and dates,
and subjecting all to the decimal sys
tem of rekoning, were induced by some
unexplained motive to respect our
clocks and watches, and allow our
dials to remain sexagesimal, that is,
Babylonian, each hour consisting of
Here you see again the wonderful
coherence of the world, and how what
we call knowledge is tho result of an
unbroken tradition of a teaching de
scending from father to son. Not
more than about 100 arms would
reach from us to tho builders of the
palaces of Babylon and enable us to
shake hands with the founders of the
.Artificial Diamond Dust.
Carborundum is a term which has
been applied to a manufactured sub
stance intended to take the place of
diamond dust and bort in the abra
sion of hard substances. The product
is said to be wholly unlike the sub
stances from which it is derived. . In
composition it is almost pure carbon;
in construction . crystahne, and in
hardness it is 10 on Mohr's scale. On
account of these qualities it is, to all
intents and purposes, manufactured
diamond powder, but its color is
slightly darker. Under the microscope
many of the crystals are dark green,
others are yellow, still others are blue
and some are absolutely colorless.
Carborundum is the result of experi
ments by E. G. Acheson, who made
his first efforts in the direction of his
discovery in 1880 in the laboratory of
1 nomas A. r.dison at Memo park,
N. J. The new material can be sold
at a price which will enable it to com
plete favorably with natural bort and
A company has been formed for the
purpose of manufacturing carborun
dum, and a plant capable of supply
ing it in whatever quantities the uses
to which it can be put may require has
been established at Monongahela, Pa.
The article has already been intro
duced by agents of the inventor in the
diamond polishing centers of Europe.
Photographs From Above,
The latest method suggested for the
taking of photographs from the sky is
by using a kite. This is easier than
the employment of free or captive bal
loons, and may be tried by any one.
The camera is made of wood and
card-board with mountings of alumi
num, and is capable ot making a pic
ture about eight by ten inches. A tri
angular support screwed above tho
main rib of the kite supports the
camera, the method overcomiug the
rotary motion which is apt to occur.
The shutter is of the simple guillotine
pattern, and the exposure is made by
a slow match or a second cord releas-1
ingthe spring of the shutter;' The lat
ter means is preferable as it enables
the exposure to be made at the most
suitable times. Photographs that
have been made with this apparatus
possess wonderful sharpness and de
tail, and can be enlarged to any de
sired size. ,
Scientific Jots. j
The greatest known depth that
oceans have been sounded is over 4,
600 fathoms, in the Japan seaL
Scientists say that the oraifge was
originally a berry, and its evolution
has been going on for morethan 1,000
The British Museum, so it is report
ed, is to be presented with acollection
of stamps worth $100,000, owned by
tne late Mr. Tappimg.
Nine hundred and fifty Bill
telegraph cables are now in operation,
most ot them in J-.urope; their total
length is over 89,000 miles. j
It is reported that an English chem
ist has discovered a practical substi
tute for platinum in the manufacture
of incandesent lamps. - j
By a new device pieces of metal may
be shaped with rapidity by being forc
ed under dies while rendered soft or
plastic by an electric current. V
San Domingo is to have an electric
light, the government having grjanted
an exclusive franchise to a coiupany
ior a periou oi ten years.
None bat superior animals to make
PRICES LOWEB THAI THE LOWEST
Waea quality la coaalderea.
If) SELECT ANIMALS if
4U ALL GUARANTEED fU
To mike a choloe from.
Come and be oonrtneed that I mean bull
ion. Loos - tin, (mall p radii and Rood
Mine may be expected. 14- Cia
Prize Winners of '91.
P upon a vlilt to our barn you do n t And
our none strictly Oral olaat In erery par-
muuibt. we win par ne expanses or inn trip.
Bvery hone guaranteed a nrst-claas foal gaU
ter. Win irlve purchasers as liberal terms as
any other firm In the business. 27mi
BKBU NTOKY, HaatlnfS, Neb.
J. M. ROBINSON
KEMESAW, ADAMS CO., NEB.
I per of reoorded Po
I land China hog.
I Choice breed! nr
stoek for sale.
B Write for wants.
n&r Mention aluaiice
For Sato at a Mm
Is Offering His Entire Herd of
For Sale, Consisting of
Head of Aged Sows, Year
Unas. Ones. Twos. Threes
Alt have proven rood breeders. These
swwsarenow being- bred for March inters
firm three first olass Boars Champion Duke
3r7.'tl, is a rrandson of Longfellow lna&; he Is
a first class beg in every particular, will
weigh now in (reeding service 500 pound.
Also Hwallon's Heat i2M9; he Is also a irrand
hog, weighs 500 pounds rr ever. Also Re
ciprocity, sired by Eclipse 25141, bred by B.
N.Cooley. These sows can't be duplicated
anywhere for the money it takes to buy them.
I will also sell Champion Duke and Swallon's
Best 2MM9 on older and ship after January 1,
1HU3, or as soon as the sows prove safe In far
row. I have also some young boars that wilt
weigh from 75 to 20u pounds each. Also a few
gelts of late litters. Write for what you
want. All correspondence promptly an
8. T. JAMBS. Oreenwnad. Neb.
Reference First National Bank. Greenwood.
my partner out and
wishing to reduoe
the herd I will offer
somo very choloe
tfv.pows Dreo w oraer
at a rwiuoeu prioe.
My ynui g stock is
all sired by "W ay Un" (4 141) aud King Kl
val " (7SW), ana out or rpieuaia sows.
I have some very select boar pigs, large
strong boned growthy fellows good enough
to keud any bod.vs herd, that 1 will soil cheap
Come and see me or write at once,
Z. S. BRANSON,
Two and one-ealf miles 8. W. of Waverly, Neb
Mention this paper. 26tf.
H. M. GITTINGS, Disco, Illinois,
Angus oattle of the
composed of Princess.
KaTorite, Mayn o w e r,
Klnoeh try llaronee.
etc. Choloe youngbulls
readv for seryloe to reale at prices within the
reach of all persons wanting a"dehorner."
write or come and see me. Mention this
Batdorf Thomas have eggs for tale
From White & Brown Leghorns.
atnoo perlS. 27-4t
We have high sooreing prixe winning stock.
BATDORF ft THOMAS, 213 S.U st. Omha,Neb.
It Will Prevent Hog Cholera.
Is the greatest discovery of the age for
Horses, Gattle. Sheep, Hogs and Poultry.
ft natural remedv and Dreventatlve of
all diseases of the blood and digestive organs.
It acta freely on the liver and kidneys, tends
to tone up the whoie animal system snd Is a
sure preventative of hog cholera., lib., 2Hlb.
and 51b. boxes at 2Ro. GOo and 1.00 respec
tively. Manutacturea oniy oy tne
WESTERN STOCK FOOD Co., Bloomfield, la.
XYt-, v3?- Wh0 Evented and
iErt- gave to tne rarmers tne
t: art of dehorning their
H. H. HUFF.
Is It any wonder then that he has the only
safe and sure medicine to stop horn growth
on calves. Heud a stamp for a thousand tes
timonials In its favor, ft makes no sore head
and is always sure. Price. T6ets per bottle
rt paid, and enough for T5 calves.
Address, H. H. HAA1T, Chicago. IU.
All tfs4 ebur
ibM vlMWher. Be
(Wfl JH buy, MDd
utarp for UliMtrmtc4
CataiofM t Tb
1M Ualm Mln.L
PLANTS AND TREES.
A full assortment of
FORSET AND FRUIT TREES,
Plants, vines, etc, f hardiest sorts for Ne
braska. Special prices to Alliance societies.
Send for price list to North Bend Nukskriis.
North Bend, Dodge Co., Nebraska. Established
iots. j. w. btbvknsom, Propr.
CHEW aid SMOKE nnlaied
NATURAL LEAF TOBACCO
IMPORTERS AMD BBEIDSHS Or
Importer apd Breeder
lams' Hones were " In It " t the (treat Kansas snd Nebraska state fairs of tl
HIS I'LYDES, SHIRES ASD PEBtHEROXS
Were Winners of 51 Prizes Mostly lsts.
lams is the ONLY importer in Nebrask that Imported his Ptrcheross frsn Fraaes la
1 1801 and the largest importer of Clyde in 1891. Ther arrived
September 1891. All Blacks-
Grey Horses $300. 00 Less Than Solid Colors.
His Percheron mare won Grind Sweepstakes prize at Kansas stats fair in 1801 orsr
the great Paris Winner " Rota Bonkuer," and 1st prise at Neb. stats fair.
lams Guarantees how yon the larirest collection of first class bag
Flashy Draft Horses of the various fcreedt, of the best Individual asrll sad Raval braafef,
to years old looo to rjoo weigh; and at Alliance Pri ?es and Tsrms.
er cheaper than any live importer or pay your fare to ses them.
Special Prloos to AlliaxioeOo'eu
tRflfl8,v by burlap; of lams. He does net want the earth and It fenced, for presM.
'"vu Good saaraMeee everr horso reoorded -rood terms. rHANK IAMS,
WHITE 1 AMU. rt. Paul. Neb Is on the B. M. and C. P. By. St. Paul. Nebraska.
. ASBasI'v ai W M
English Shire Stallions and Mares.
To intending purchasers of this breed
vv& uuiu ;wuu uf, mm uicrv ism too west. ; ; ' i
Thoroughly Acclimated. List hipnnnt 1830.
Their breeding is from tha best strains of prise winning; blood in England cooplad
with superior individual merit, lly imported mares an superior to any lath
west; they are ail safely in foal.
All My Stock Guaranteed; And all Becordcd
If veu want a Hackney Stallion. I have
and see what I hare get, and if I eannet
will pay your expenses. Prices as low as
Oas of tha most Reliable and boos known Importer and
of Horses in Amarioa.
on mi rem vtxr
Bab!lBis1sa. Iiylbk HaSEyTCisi&JJ
sad 8Uni".rdBrWj I asista IsqjtSI all
not of European Bnads at any aiaa ts Aawf4
oa. I naasio bom dm r sis sttoa, anew
aonei art fmats awrolnd and sal ea eaaL
nutritious food, avoiding an ranorfcs sal
oaiUr no drenmnaaaM do 1 Md wans or M
food, which, 1 thlBh, am dw aula noaaas was
mj hones hers alway baaa ioooMSfvu ksaasan,
Oamo aad visit any oatabli.Katoat I ea elwas.
a-Ldte .now air stock. Whoa errlvlaa at Qaak
ton, vatum will plaasa talepaoae t 1m Qmmt
U.tj Farm mas 1 wui am la n laaas, . . .
A Rf DEATT XAUS FTJH 11X1. LOITQ TIM TO IMTOKIIIXJ MJtTim
XVXKT HOBIK OTAKAJITXXD A BKEKDESL
AND MUST BE AS REPRESENTED J
ENGLISH SHIRE HORSES
AN UNBROKEN RECORD
1890. Lincoln, Topeka and
OQ prizes in 1890, inoludinir three irrand Sweepstakes ever all breeds. Savea
prizes at Nebraska State fair 1891. Seven prises at Topeka, including grand
Sweepstakes over all breeds in 1891.
The Best Stud in the West.
Intending purchasers will do well to visit us and inspect onr stock. Priaast
reasonable. , Terms to suit. Every horse
JOSEPH WATSON & Co , Importers,
"" Beatrice, Nebraslca.
O. O. HEFNER,
ENGLISH SHIRE AND
LINCOLN, : :
the coming horse of their class.
I will give present buyers especially low prices. You can bay
on your own terms. ?
I IMPORT MY OWN HORSES DIRECT
and can and will sell you good animals for less money than no
descript dealers, jobbers and peddlers.
EVERY HORSE GUARANTEED
A rxtt brooder and pedigreed. No grades handled.
VISITORS ALWAYS WELCOME.
Comcaad see me and 43tf
I WILL SAVE YOU MONEY.
My first importation for 1891 just received and I have some
grand animals. ' - '
O. O. HEFNER.
100 BLACK 100
Blue Yalley Sto cfcFam
I an show them as (rood alot ofyoaf
as rood as was aver imnortad. Cobb
show you as good stock as any mast
the lowest. 17-m8
INSPECTION ALWAYS INTTTCk
NEVEfl BEFORE EQUALED,
Kansas City State Fairs. 1891.
guaranteed as represented.
have on hand large, stylish,
boned Shires with plenty of
quality and action, horses which
have demonstrated their superiority
in the show yards, v
My Hackneys are large, showy,
handsome animals, good individuals,
heavy bone and fine action, in fact
In order to make room for
ERIWKTHliB A CO.. t lurlurlUe, X
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