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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 17, 1891)
TI1E FARMERS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NER, THURSDAY, DEO. 17, 1891.
THE I5TEEIST8 OF THE FAEJfEIL
Our farmers' interests and well being
is without doubt one cf the most vital
questions before the American people.
ai the desire of the present congress
to give due thought and consideration
to matters affecting the farmers' inter
est will be anxiously losked for. Who
can blame the constituency of any
member o! congress if, regardless of
their wants, be has been found silent in
congress when their interest called for
continued study and activity on his
To begin with the question which
moat directly affects every toiler on
American soil who works bard to pro
duce the best paying crops, taking the
chances of severe winters freezing out
hie wheat; taking all the chances from
the opening of spring until the harvest
of various insect enemies to his growing
crop, which will hardly be a paying one
without sufficient rain and heat at re
curring intervals. Finally the autumn
comes, and as is the case this year they
have succeeded in harvesting a good
crop. Then the vital question comes
p as to how much profit they wiil be
able to obtain over and above the
cost of producing it, for largely on
those profits depends their ability to
purchase not only the necessaries but
many of the comforts which are more
neaessary to them in their isolated call
ing than many who live in communities.
It is generally supposed that supply
and demand of farm products fixes the
value or price of same; but let us stop
a moment and see whether there is auy
truth in that supposition. It would be
true if there was nothing that came in
competition with the sales of "actual"
produce when the holders of it desired
to sell; but what is this large volume of
grain and pork that we see daily offered
on the larje so-called Merchants' Ex
change or boards of trade, notably the
New York Produce Exchange, St. Louis
Merchants' Exchange and Chicago
board of trade. Are those offerings for
future delivery made by direction of the
owners of the actual property? No,
they are largely offerings for future de
livery by what are termed professional
market manipulators. They are per
mitted to sell all they choose of their
promises to deliver in the future. Now
stop for one moment and consider what
impells a man who does not own wheat
to sell it for future delivery at, in
many instances, a lower price than the
cash product could be obtained for and
carried until the time of delivery (con
sidering its attendent expenses of sto
rage, interest and insurance.) He
makes this sale of what he does not own
not hoping t loose, but hoping to make
money. Now as a rule, say in the past
five or six years, have sales of that
character returned a profit or loss to
the seller? It is generally conceded and it
is true that the bulk of the bears, or non
owners, or shorts, as they are variously
termed, have made money, where they
and their fellow gamblers are members
of theseso-callea merchants exchanges.
But in reality a large portion of the
business done on them is practically
the same business as is done in so-called
bucket-shops throughout the country,
though they claim the greater virtue of
making a delivery, but practically
speaking, fettle by paying the differ
ences. If the enormous volume of short
selling by bears has proven to be re
munerative to them they must have
succeeded in generally depressing prices
from the time they sold it until they bought
it back, or even upon their sales. If
they have made large sums of money
out of these practices then it follows
tLat the owners of actual stuff, unless
it was sold for future delivery, have
lost on the decline in prices produced
by the bears.
The writer has been a close observer
of these markets for some twenty years
past, and this criticism is not founded
on any theory but from actual observa
tions of the so called business, generally
termed gambling in grain.
Many people presume that gambling
in grain is like gambling at cards, only
hurtful to those immediately conneeted
with tho dealings. That it is so in
reference to gambling with cards or
other devices is true; but in reference-to
the products of tbe soil . its iDjury is far
reaching, as it makes a lower price for
the farmer to sell his produce at, and
ho in turn has less money to spend or
pay his debts with, and of course the
value of his farm is rated at the profit
that can be made from its tallage.
The writer considers the damage
that is done for many years past by the
short selling professional as incalcula
ble. Bo much more stuff is offered for
sale and has to find purchasers that it
is Inevitable that prices are depressed
from whst they would be if nothing but
the actual or bona fide stuff seeking a
market day by day and month by
month, as the consumptive necessities
of tiie people demand, were alone being
offered on these various markets; and
as the markets are glutted by the large
volue of offerings for future delivery of
course the cash value has to decline.
Mr. C. A. Pillsbury, the great Minne
apolis miller, is reported assaying: "A
step whieh would cure the whole
trouble would be to stop the selling of
grain for future delivery except by par
ties who absolutely own or control the
product, and would be able to deliver
it if called upon. I believe this will be
done within a few years, even if the
constitution of the United States has to
be amended in order to do it, which
would take years to accomplish."
It is a perfect mystery to me that the
Farmers' Alliances are paying attention
to minor evils and overlooking this
vampire which is sucking their very
life blood. The legitimate situation
has been such during the last threq or
four years that wheal should have sold
at one dollar per bushel at any railroad
station in Minnesota. The tremendous
short selling of hundreds of millions of
bushels which the party selling does not
own, nor ever expect to own, has
knocked the bottom out of the market,
as these "wind offerings" and sales have
just as much effect upon the market as
genuine transactions; and the big bears
have been so success! a! and made such
enormous profits for their short sales
that they now have immense following,
and the evil has assumed tremendous
proportions. Production throughout the
world, as a whole, has not increased
during the past five possibly ten years;
yet if this short Bulling is not stopped
there will be no advance in price, despite
this fact, except in case of grave disas
ter to the crop over wide areas.
Without wearying you, as we think
these so-called modern methods of
trading are becoming pretty well un
derstood by the general public, and
that there is little doubt but that they
bar a very large control in fixing
price, it is now a question for each aul
evry fanner or producer from Ameri
ca a soil t present to bis representative
in congress, whether he insists or not
upon tne passage of the Butterworth
bill, a bill gotten up in the interest of
that very conservative body of Iowa
farmers called the Iowa Alliances. The
Butterworth bill seeks to tax out of ex
istence the offerings of American farm
products - by any other one than its
owner or authorized agents at the time
such produce is offered for sale, there
by preventing volume equal to the
wheat crop of the entire world being
offered for sale on the markets of the
United States, tteenty times over daring
each year; and it is fall time for them to
decide whether it is actually necessary
for them to permit the selling of some
five, ten or twenty bushe's of wheat for
future delivery by non-owners in order
to odtaia the price of one bushel.
Short sellers say they have a perfect
right to offer whatever they choose
whether they own it or not, and they
will have that privilege until the But
terworth bill is made the law; and that
seems to be the only way the national
government can control these practices,
which are beggaring the farmers,
especially of the west. But congress,
especially the senate, will no doubt
have a great many mora questions
coming before them that they will
think require their immediate attention
before this question of rrecking f mar
ket talues vitl be attended U; and surely
they cannot be blamed if the farmers
and their friends in the west will not
try and put this question before them
in a light which they cannot help but
sco that short selling of farm produce is
to-day a full grown cancer upon the
best interests of this broad land.
There is no question in the writer's
mind that the crops for several yoars
past could have been sold for one hun
dred to possibly one hundred and fifty
million dollars more money per year
than was received for them. To verify
these figures, calculate 20 cents per
bushel on the wheat crop for the past
six years which until this year has not
averaged over 81 cents in Chicago,
whereas, in olden times wheat could
reasonably be considered worth and
generally sold at over $1 per bushol.
Figure a few cents, even 5 cents per
bushel on the corn crop; i cent per
pound on thirty million hogs annually
slaughtered in this country. How much
more money those prices would have
put into tho farmers' hands, not to be
buried in their gardens but redistributed
for the benefit of the wholo nation.
Will yon insist upon tho passage of
the Butterworth bill at this session of
congress which I believe would add 50
orluOper cent in value to every good
farm in the country?
A Close Observer of Market
St. Louis, Mo., Dec. . 1891.
HIS CEEDIT WAS POOR.
Tho following letter from a farmer
near Gadsden, Ala., to the Age-Herald,
furnishes some useful hints and ex
cellent food for reflection. . Read it.
Every one you may meet (with a few
exceptions) has something to say about
hard times, tight money, etc., and if
you were to "catch on" to the complaint
you would be about as gloomy as the
most of the people appear to bo. I
have a short faithful story to tell in
your paper and hope it may aid the
wif.e men in our state to arrive at tho
cause and the remedy for hard times
among the farmers. '
In 1867 I found myself on a fair
average farm Just where I am now
writing to you, with one good mule, a
broken down army horse, a fair set of
farming implements, mostly second
hand, but without a dollar of credit and
just $6.75 in cash. It was the last week
in January and the time had come for
ns to "pilch our crops" for the year. I
had a small quantity of corn, about
enough with economy to feed my stock
and give my family meal for four or five
months. Times were then hard with
me sure enough. My uear neighbor
was a little betiur off, but not as much
as I thought him to be at the time. We
were talking over the matter when he
informed me that he was going to
Gadsden tho next day to mako some
arrangement for credit to enable him to
make his crop, and asked me to go with
him and see what I could do. We went
to town. It wasn't long before my
neighbor had secured his credit with a
note and mortgage, which he was to
trade out during the year.
I tried to do the same, but it was no
go. The merchants did not know me
and I coulau't make the security they
demanded. Well we went back home
together, my neighbor with a smart
load of bacon, flour, coffee, dry goods
ana shoes for the children, with a dress
for bis wife, and a Sunday coat for
himself. My wagon was empty and I
disconsolate with nothing to take to my
fireside but a heavy heart and a will to
work. I told my wife all about my
failure to get credit and we talked the
matter over until midnight. "Well,"
said she, "Tom, we haye got two good
cows, some hens, and a few pigs, a
good garden, and the best of health.
So we will stay at home and get our
living from our work." Bless hor soul,
she was the wisest woman, I think, that
ever lived on earth, and among the best
that ever went to heaven. 1 took her
advice, and at the end of the year, I
had Sevan good bales of cotton, 240
bushels of corn, and saved 1,200 pounds
of bacon, banked up snugly 100 bushels
of sweet potatoes. While my good wife
had $14.00 made from her eggs, chick
ens, butter and honey, and had bought
herself a summer dress and a bonnet
and cloth enough to make the under
garments for all the children. And
best of all. I did not owe a man on
earth a cent.
My neighbor who had the credit I
coulcl not get made eleven bales of cot
ton, a small corn crop, no meat, and
had his credit until he was several hun
dred dollars in debt. I met him in
Gadsden during the month of January,
1868, after he had settled with the
merchants and had sold his cotton. All
he had to show for his year's work was
a new buggy, that he really did not
need, and about $80 in cash. In 1872
my neighbor sold out to pay his debts
and keep the sheriff away, and moved to
Texas where he came to want. The
same year I had $2,350 loaned out and
drawing a good interest, well secured,
and I have never borrowed a cent, or a
thing, or ever had my name on a mer
chant's book for a nickle's credit. I
have often thought and believe most
firmly that the best thing that ever
happened to me was my failure to get
credit in 1867.
Nearly twenty-four yoars have passed
since I had my disconsolate ride back
to my humble home from Gadsden. 1
have since reared a family of seven
children, given the best education the
country could offer, have built a large
house and barn, and have enough,
thank the Lord, to keep me and my
family in comfort as long as I shall
live. I want no sub-treasury and never
have wanted it but once and then,
thank God, I conld not get it. There
is not a farmer in Alabama, worthy tbe
name of a farmer, who cannot do as I
have done. W. T. McC.
M Mi jdni
The Well-Earned Success of a Pioneer
One of the most rnterprsing and suc
cessful of our city dry goods merchants
Is J. W. Winger of the firm ofJ.W.
Winger & Co. Mr. Winger came to
Lincoln fifteen years ago from Pennsyl
vania, locating here when the capital
city contained but five thousand inhab
itants. Possessing all the qualifications
needed to carry on a large business and
the advantages of life-long experience,
with the city's rapid growth his business
grew, and his friends as well as patrons
have steadily increased. Ten years ago
Mr. Winger erected the fine brick build
ing which he now occupies, at 1109 O
street, filling it with an immense stock.
About two years ago Mr. King of Chi
cago was taken into the firm, and is
now one of the very promising young
men of our city. Mr. Winger's two
sons ate also active assistant in the
management and conduct of the ever
growing business of the firm.
The senior partner, Mr. J. W. Winger,
is not known simply as a popular and
successful business man, but as one of
our most public-spirited citizens. He
Is always ready to help in whatever will
benefit the people, and U faithfully de
voted to tbe interests of the city. He
gives liberally to the supprt of our
charitable and religious institutions,
and is one of the active, wise, far-seeing
men who have made Lincoln what it is.
Learn Telegraphy at the Lincoln
Business College. 26tf
Lord Salisbury and Mr. Balfour, the
Tory leaders, are emphatically in favor
of woman suffrage, and the recent con
ference of the Liberal party at the City
Temple, London, said in effect: "Ca
pacity should have no artificial barriers
imposed to prevent its utilization by
the state. Let government be in the
hands of the capable that is the only
formula; and it is as much a mistake to
rule out capable women as it is to rule
out capable Quakers, capable plcbcans,
or capable men with red hair."
JtaT Postmaster-General Wanamaker
in his annual report just issued says: A
year from next March the telephone
patent expires, and unless congress acts
promptly to authorize its adoption for
communication among the people, in
the next two years one immense syndi
cate will U'lite and control all the hun
dreds of telephone plants of the coun
try as the telegraph is now controlled,
or the two will be united. The postmaster-general
abiy advocates the
nationalizing of the telephone service.
Write to A. J. Rigby &Co., the money
loaners 1025 O St. 26tf
fJfFrof. Cummin gs, instructor in
sacrology at Harvard college, lectured
on "Competition and Co operation" in
Boston recently, and proposed that the
large corporations should be owned and
controlled by the people for whom the
goods were manufactured, and that the
workers might have tbe benefit and
dignity of working for themselves, in
stead of being worked and controlled
IW All Germans should read Robert
Schillings' new book "Gelt" (Gold,) on
sale at this office.
There is a good prospect of secur
ing the transfer of the Great Western
Normal college from Shenandoah, la.,
to Lincoln. The loss of its buildings
by tire makes the change to a better
location, easy as well as desirable, and
President Croan and Prof. Kingsley have
visited Lincoln to view the situation
and discuss, the feasibility of uniting
with the Lincoln Normal university.
JSf Thirty millions of Russian peas
ants are starving and the Russian
Prince Gussopoff who recently died left
a fortune estimated at $250,000,000. The
latter fact throws light on the former.
Millions must live from hand to mouth,
to enable a few individuals to store up
such vast wealth, and living next door to
starvation all the the lime when crops
fail they are overtaken by hunger and
A. J. Rigby & Co., the money loaners
will buy your fanus. 1025 () St. 2itf
13" Hugh O. Pentecost claims to have
learned since being an editor that "the
working people as a class are incapable
of being better off. They like to be
humbugged, robbed andruied, tod they
love the men who humbug, rob and rule
them." Mr. Pentiuost will therefore no
longer advocate their cause as an editor
and turns to the law for a living. He
will probably be as much of a failure as
a lawyer as ho was an editor.
Cg" Grand scenic effects will be in
troduced in the new comedy drama
"Yon Yonson" at the New Lansing
Friday evening. When the curtain
rises a winter scene appears. Through
an open clearing in the woods one
catches a panoramic view of the frozen
river with its narrow channel of
running water, gaunt fir trees burdened
with snow, the saw mill and the jam of
logs in the background.
Farms for sale, trade or rent, Address
A. J. Rigby & Co:, the money loaners,
1025 O St. 20tf
t3T Over 6,000 shoemakers are out of
employment at Vienna. This large num
ber have gathered there because of be
ing evicted by landlords in the towns
and villages. The official organ of the
Shoemakers National Union described
the miserable condition of the entire
trade and was promptly confiscated by
A meeting was held last Saturday
evening to secure the location of tho
Western Normal Coilege at Lincoln.
The meeting was addressed by Prof.
Roose. and it is probable that the Wes
tern Normal College will be merged
with the Lincoln Normal Univrsity.
Eighty-five acres of land were subscribed
at the meeting as au inducement.
City property to trade for western
land. A. A . Rigby & Co., the money
loaners 1025 O St. 26tf
3?" John Stuart Mill says, "Those
who receive the least, labor and abstain
the most. The very idea of distribu
tive justice, or any proportionality be
tween success and merit, or between
success and exertion, is in th6 present
state of society so manifestly chimerial
as to be relegated to the regions of ro
mance." JOT The corn crop of the U. S.
for 1801 is estimated at 2,000,000,000
bushels, and Undo Sam has 16.000,000
milch cows, 87,000,000 oxon and oteers
and 51,602,780 hogs to foed it to. He
also has of horses and colts 14.213.828
head, and perhaps 600,000,000 bushels
of oats for them and the 2,331,027
There have Vicen mined from the
coal mines of the country 115,000,000
tons of coal during the last twelve
months, and millions more would have
been called for by the shivering hungry
poor if they could have paid for it with
their wages or work.
fir The McCook Tribune pleads with
the people of Red Willow county to
construct better roads. Doubtless all
the counties in Nebraska should be
stirred up to see the advantage of im
proving the wagon roads. Good roads
kept In the best condition add to the
value of every farm they pass, and save
much time and money by enabling
larger loads to be drawn and faster
Of It is reported that many thou
sand of men are practically without
work in Stockholm, Sweden, and 354
immigrants left there recently. But
why do they come here? In every city
in America are numbers of capable
willing workers who can not get work,
and a still larger number who work
only a part of the time at starvation
fJT Mr. W. II. Evera, a business man
of this city, has tecently passed through
the Keeley treatment at Blair and has
with his family gone there to locate
permanently. He will be landlord of
the hotel now being built in connection
with the new institute building.
ty Messrs. Cooper, Sholes and
Downing, well known business men of
Lincoln propose to start a new enter
prise here for the manufacture of radi
ators. A steck company will be formed
with an authorized capital of $50,000.
The Folk county poor house was
burned to ashes Monday of last week
with nearly all of tbe household goods
belonging to the county, aad all the
private property of the manager, A.
Gray. No one was injured.
E2T Property owners in this city have
been studying with intense interest the
movements of the Rock Island officials
who during the past week were looking
for a depot site. It is likely to be chos
en on O street between 18th and 24th.
tgpThe exhibits at the state poult jy
show were fine, and many birdschanged
hands. Hugh S. Tbqmas of Omaha,
purchased his entire flock of Black
Sumatra's of Secretary Harris, tho birds
having scores ranging from Oil to U0.
tsr The Norfolk beet sugar factory
has in this its first year manufactured
1,818,700 pounds of sugar, and has syrup
enough on hand to run the amount up
1,500,000 pounds. .
Leese & S'-ewart 231 S 11th St.
EST Under the Zone system of the
government-owned Hungarian rail
roads passengers are carried a distance
as great as from Chicago to New York,
QT The Superior Guide in an article
on tbe car famine, concludes that "the
railroads should be run in the interests
of the people, not the people in the in
terests of the railroads."
1332 O St. for pianos and organs (26)
fg" The strike of the employes of the
Crane Iron Works at Calasauqua, Pa.,
has secured an agreement from the com
pany to advance wages ten per cent
fjr The city has been divided into
twelve districts and a committee select
ed to canvass for pledges of assistance
to etecta suitable building in which to
hold the national prohibition conven
tion in case Lincoln succeeds in secur
Hundreds of thousands of people
in this country, and more in proportion
in other countries, are forced to live
upon wages which are less than the
cost of supporting an equal number of
SSf Senator Paddock has introduced
a bill providing for the erection of a
government building at Lincoln costing
$50,000. Is it a bill to secure Lincoln
CP" The State Teachers Association
meets in Lincoln in two weeks. At
least 1,000 teachers are expected to at
tend and remain three or four days in
fW One of South Omaha's city coun
cilmen, Ed. Corregan, died Dec. 0th at
the Blair Keeley institute. He had
been there three weeks and was a physi
CP" The American Federation of la
bor is holdiuv its eleventh annual meet
ing this week at Birmingham, Alabama.
The 150 delegates represent a member
ship of 750.OD0.
CP" The English government loaned
money to the Waterloo Dwelling C. at
3 per cent, and the political world
made no outcry against it.
If you want to buy, rent, sell or trade
for a farm, address A. J. Rigby & Co.,
1025 O. St. 26tf
The labor party in New South Wales
has a representation in parliament of 31
out of a total parliament membership of
141, and holds the balance of power.
CPThero are 160 millionaires in the
city of Philadelphia whose property
foots up over $400,000,000. A. J. Drexe'l
is the richest, being in possession of
A recent number of a Berlin paper
illustrates with cartoonist's pencil how
famine outstrips war in Russia in the
race with death.
CPThe Lincoln Paint and Color Co.
have bought property of Jno. B. Wright
in block 85 on M street, and will begin
excavating at onee.
CP" Eight gamblers were arrested
Sunday morning at tho Ideal hotel.
A GREAT EIUHT DAYS' SALE.
Commencing Wednesday, Dec. 16, aad
Closing Thursday, Dec. 34.
ALL LINCOLN INVITED.
Overcoats and suits for men and boys,
the entire surplus stock of Chas. P.
Kellogg & Co., Chicago, one of the
largest clothing manufacturing houses
in the world, fhey accepted our offer
to clean up lots of suits and overcoats,
rather than carry them over, and as
usual our customers get the full benefit
e,f our great purchase.
A line of men's extra long storm coats
in a neat prown phid, a regular $5 coat
at $2.05. four choice styles of wide
collar storm ulsters, regular value $7.50.
at $3 75. 50 blizzard ulsters in taking
patterns aad good wearers, worth 9", 50
and $8.00, at $4.50. A full line of Chin
chilla, wide collar, storm coats, the
samn as we have sold all season for $8,
for $5.95. A line of extra heavy Chin
chilla ulsters, same as we have sold at
$10, for $7.50. A line of plain and fur
beaver overcoats, extra well lined and
made, regular value $14, at $9.50. A
lino of superb storm coats, made from
extra weight cheviots, splendid wool
linings, fine plush shawl collars and
loop fastenings, a regular $15 garment,
at $10.75. - A line of genuine Irish froize
storm coaU, best in the world, wool
lined, regular $18 coat, at $13.75, and
every coat exactly as represented or
money refunded. Our reputation is at
stake, and wo cannot afford to exag
gerate. Return R. It. fare free to all living
within fifty miles of Lincoln who attend
this sale and buy $15 or upwards. Take
a receipt from station aent when you
buy your ticket to Lincoln.
THE HUB CLOTHING CO., 104 and
106 N. 10th street. ' U
HT Got. Thayer "accept with re
gret" the resignation of J. Sterling Mor
ion as a member of tha Nebraska
World's Fair C'jmmiasioner. Kx Mayor
Sawyer of Lincoln was appointed la bis
CP" The Alliance Elevator and Stock
Yards Company of Calloway. Custer
county tiled articles of incorporation
with the SacreUry of State Dec. 11th.
The.wp.Ul stock Is given at $10,000.
CP The St. Taul's M. E. Church is to
have a new pastor some time in January
Dr. C. C. Lasby of Brooklyn N. Y., Bi
hnps Newman and (iootWll selected
CP" Architect A. W. Woods of Lin
coln was awarded one of tho prizes of
fered by the Elkhart Ind., Medical Co..
for designs for an advertising pamphlet
Alliance men attending the meeting
to be held in Lincoln the 12 of January
are requested to call oa A. J. Kigby &
Co., and look over their bargains in
real estate of all kinds. Don't forget
the place. 1025 O St. room. 81. (27tJ
CP" The liest part of the Western Art
exhibit of Omaha will be on exhibition
at Grant hall on the State University
grounds, Lincoln during the holidays.
CP"Chleopee, Mass., is to do its own
electric fighting, saving the profits
hich usually go to a private corpora
tion from the taxes of its citizens.
CP Cleveland, Ohio, by a council
vote of 17 to 8 has passed an ordinance
asking tbe legislature to grant the city
authority to put in a gas or electric
CP" Judge Oiiterhout and C. II. Stover,
of David City, had some very choice
Brown Leghorns and Wyandotts at the
annual poultry exhibit .
tWL. S Barton, of Beatrice, cap
tured more premiums at the poultry
show, making in all 310 premiums for
his this year exhibits.
CP"C. M. Levelling made a magnifi
cent exhibit of several breeds of poultry
at the annual exhibit, capturing thir
CP" The rock salt mines of tho United
States have pooled their interests, agreed
to the output and inorcased their cap
ital stock 15,000,000.
CP" Tbe new king who inherits all
the pomp and power which $150,000,000
can give has just been enristened Willi
am Astor, Jr.
A. J. Rigby & Co. say it pays to ad
vertise in The Alliance. Write them
for bargains in farm property of all
kinds. 1025 O St. 20tf
CP An Illinois farmor has a steer re
ported to weigh 4500 pounds. It is be
lieved to be the largest in the world.
CP" Five hundred thousand people
were rendered homeless by the recent
terrible earthquakes in Japan.
CP One hundred and seventy-three
convicts were sent to the State peni
tentiary last year, Douglas county sending-41,
tW Georgo Gould is having a $50,000
tennis court prepared at his Asheville,
N. C. private palace.
CP" J. W. Hayes, genoral secretary
of the Knights oi La1. or will visit Lin
coln in the Interests of the order early
Woman suffrage has just been de
feated in Victoria and New Zealand by
a very small parliament majority.
CP"0. O. Hefner, the Lincoln horse
man, sold one of his imported Shires
last week for the net sum of $1,500.
CP" The Missouri River Medical So
ciety meets in Llnoln this week, the
17th and 18th.
CP" Four national banks In Nebraska
have failed this year, one at Tecumseh,
one at Hastings and two at Red Cloud.
CP" Captain Eric Johnson of Stroms
burg, Neb., has taken unto himself a
CP Eleven women in the United
States possess property valued at $15,
000,000. Will retail 200 photograph albums at
wholesale prices. C. M. Leighton, 145
S. 10th st. 25 tf
CP Gov. Thayer is in Kansas City at
tending the Missouri river improvement
CP" Work on tho Y. M. C. A. building
is progressing rapidly.
John Hogo of Rushville, Neb., wishes
to be directed to some firm or person,
that he may correspond with, engaged
in building and equipping starch fac
A fine eighty, 6 miles from Lincoln,
cheap, on easy terms. A. J. Riobt & Co.
27tf 1025 O St.
We have several good farms for sale
cheap. A.J. Rnjby & Co., 1025 O St.
A Snai; 160 acres 5 miles from
Lincoln. $40 per acre. A. J. Rigby & Co.
27tf 1025 O St.
A Serious Fall
In prices of line stationery, albums,
soaps, perfumery and all goods, at C.
M, Leighton's, 145 S. 10th st. 25tf
Save Your Money.
Send for a receipt and make your
own blueing for ten cents a gallon in
stead of paying ten cents for a four
ounce bottle, equal to $2 per gallon.
This blueing is superior to any on the
market. Tell your neighbors of this
and send for a receipt, price 25 cents,
four receipts for 11. Address
24tf J. P. Harris, Fairfield, Neb.
T!e Gosper County Farmers' Alliance
will hold its next regular meeting Sat
urday, Jan. 2, 1892, at 11 a. m. The
reports and election of officers with
other important business will - demand
a full representation . Delegates should
bring credentials and see that their re
spective secretaries bave reported as
the constitution requires.
Philo Ford. Pres.
W. H. Stone, Secy.
Farmers' wives please call at the Lit
tle Gem millinery store and buy your
hats, dress goods, gloves and hoisery.
No better place. One-fourth off on all
prices un'.il Christmas. Butter and
eggs will be taken in exchange for
millinery goods. Mrs. Luke proprietor,
122 N. 14th St., Lincoln. 2512
H. W. Brown, Druggist and Book
seller, 127 South 11th street, has the
the finest display of holiday goods.
Books in great variety, photograph
albums and a largo line of fancy arti
cles. Give him a call and you will find
what you want. 2012
The Population of Llr.no n is about 1)0,000,
at:d we would tar at least our hair urn
troubled with somo affection of tue Throat
snd LUnirs, as those complaints are, accord
Inic to statistics, n,oro numerous tlias others.
We would advise all our renders not to neg
lect the opportunity to call on tlisir drUKfflst
and iret a bottle r Komp's Ilalsam lor the
Throat and Limps. Trial slie free. Large
bottles We and (I. SoldbralldrUKKiBli1. i.-mu
I am now able to give price of coal at
your depot on all R. R. in the State.
25tf J. W. Hartley, State Agt.
in exchange for city property, A. J.
Rigby & Co., 1023 O St. 26tf
FREE! FREE! FREE!
DOTOn Win AIEDDCiTiOI?
TflTinw. Roars' and Imb wmt la tha
Framoat Normal achval aaal Mail
1 mail tats.
For the larrert list of subscribers far Ths
Pabmeus' Aluakci at our club rata of
SOota, a jear, received by January 1st, JKU,
we will ir Tultloa, Hoard and Koom
Kcat for mm l'ear In the Fremont Normal
School and Business Institute.
For tka second larirest :iat received by the
same date we will rive Tall loa for Oaa Tear.
Tblt offerof tuition laeludes tha following
courses: Preparatory, Teachers, Eleotlre,
8cientlflo, latilo and B ostness course.
Termi In tbli school open at follows:
Fall term, September Ut: Flrat Winter
term, November 10; Second Winter term,
The oath value af tha lint premium It Una
Hundred aad Klsrhty Dollars. Of tha too
ond premium fifty Dollar,
The president af tbe Fremont Inititute U
W. H. Clemmont.
Subscription! can be lent in at any time,
but persona Intcn.'inr to compete for the
premiums should notify us so that proper
credit can be riven.
See advertisement of the Institution In an
On the lower mi If ooast of Florida S3 per
month until paid for; 10 aore equal to ltfct in
Nebraska. Address Tbe Grove City Land
Ct., Urove City, Fla. SM
To exchange. A store building
and stock of general merchandise in a
good live Nebraska town, (business
established 10 yoars) for a farm in south
eastern Nebraska. A. J. Rumr & Co.,
S?tf Boom 31 Newman Block.
Lightning Hay Press to sell or trade.
Nearly new a bargain. Write to
2712 HI. UI'ENIIEIMEK, UCCl Walt, 160.
Tha Handsomest lady In Lincoln re
marked t a friend the other day that she
knew keinp's Halsani for tbe throat and
Lungs was a superior remedy, as it stoppod
her oouuh Instantly when other ooueh reme
dies had no effect whatever. 8o to prove this
and convince you of Its merit, any UrumrUt
will irlve you a Sample Bottle free. Large
Ue Wo and II. 7 Out
tW" The California Alliance has a
membership of 100.009.
tlT Texas has a school fund of $100,
tW Thore are fire tariff bills In
Household Goods, Groceries cr.d Provi:i:r.3.
Special Bargains in Colored Dress Goods.
Great reduction sale in fine dress
goods. All of our fine dress goods re
duced 25 to 50 per cent. Great reduc
tion In fancy plaids and stripes. Special
prices on flannels and eloaklngs.
46 in. pure camel's hair, former price
$2 25; reduced to $1.60.
40 In. camel's hair polka dots, former
price 98c; reduced to 75c.
44 in. Princian patterns, in plaids and
stripes, former price, $1.05! reduced to
$1.23. . !
40 inch camel's hair stripe, former
price 65c; reducod to 4 lie.
54 in. novelty plaids, former price
11.75; reduced to $1 25.
54 in. French cheviots, former price
$1 35; reduced to $1.10.
54 in. plain broadcloths, former price
$1.50; to clean out the line $1.
40 in. all wool stripes, former price
55c; reduced to 39o.
27 in. fancy plaid linsey, former price
25c; reduced to 18c.
26 in. Jamestown plaids, former price
27c; reduced to 17c."
86 in. gray mix, half wool, former
price 35c; reduced to 15c.
Black Dress Goods.
We carry by far the most complete
and best assorted stock of black dress
goods to be fouud west of New York,
comprising all the latost novelties in
AWflRII Til PARMPRQ If you come to the city drop In and sea us. Youoanpay
nunu I V run m tn railroad far for a hundred miles and then save money on
a f 50.00 bill of roods. But If you can't oome mall us your ordur. Scacl to us for orioes an
any thins; you want.
Hayden Bros., Dealers in
Do our Patrons feel
-iafo in trading with
Everything sold from 25 to 40 per cent less than elsewhere.
The recognized bargain center of Nebraska.
Come and see tho wonderful bargains we offer.
We iust succeeded in closing out the remnants of this season's line of boy's
clothing of one of the principal eastern housos. These goods were bought for
60c on the dollar. And beginning Monday morning we will offer the following
very 10 w prices:
Boy's suits $1.00, cheap at $1.75.
Boy's suits i.oo, wertn 3.70.
Boy's suits $2.50, worth $4.50. '
Boy's suits $3.00. worth $5.75.
Boy's suits $3.50, worth $6.50.
Boy's pants at 25c a pair.
Pears' Soap at 10c (on sale Tuesday.)
Vaseline 7c a bottle.
Hooks and Eyes, lc a card.
Curling irons 5c.
Silk thread 4c a spool (100 yds).
Silk twist lc a spool.
Pins lc a paper.
Needles lc a paper.
Agate buttons 3c a gross.
Tooth brushes 5c.
Hair pins 2c.
Envelopes 3c a bunch.
Writing paper 120 sheets for 12c.
Bay Rum 12 a pint bottle.
Poker chips 25c a 100.
Lace curtains at less than wholesale
Muslin underwear at less than whole
Fancy feathers 10c, worth 20c.
Fancy feathers 20c, worth 40c.
Fancy feathers 80c, worth 60c.
Fancy feathers 40c, worth 80c.
Good tips 30c a bunch.
Good tips at 40c a bunch, worth 77c.
Good tips at 60c a bunch, worth $1.25.
Good cloaks for $1.50, worth $2.50.
Good cloaks foi $3. ch'-ap at $3X0.
Good cloaks for $3. cheap at $5.60.
It Pays to Trade at the Leader.
We wish to impress everyone with the fact that we sell what we advertise at
advortised price no matter what may be your experience in other stores. We
want you to cut out anything that may Interest yon in this ad. and come and
seo it, the identical article. When other dealers tell you it is impossible, costs
more; don't believe them. THE LEADER. (New Store.)
Orders by mall will receive prompt attention.
The Great Cheap Store 1211 0 St. Lincoln, Neb.
'Xvery member of the
FABXUr AXXIA VCB
should Uke THS ASKSA
I. Durln 1KB The Arena will contain pa
pers on ta t araam Alliaorc and its lead
er, n vlna- an atMbaratiiive history oO-be riee
of the movement, and fOKTKAITH of the
leading splrlta In this vreat aortata; of the
peouU araliat monoDoilta. trust, nlutocracr
aad oftoiai sorraptton.
II. It will contain anthorstttlve papers set
tiHtf foHh theeeulral claims of eat-a of Ike
great parties of to-day, and drawing eleany
and sharply the lines of damarkation oa all
great political, economical and social prob-
III. It will conlMi, iMimi woiCnt forth the
cardinal demands of the people In their or
ganized movement against nid-time wronr
ami injustice, ana toe reason lor each de
IV. It will he an encyclopedia of political
and social Information, giving Its readers a
masterly exposition of the true conditions
and needs of the present, depicting tbe evils
of the hour, and suggesting remedies calcu
lated to secure a wider need of Justice aad
liberty for the irreat tolling millions of our
Inert. From Its inception. The Arena has been
TIIK STKADFA-NT CHAMPION TUK
I'KOPI.K. absolutely fearless in its denuncia
tion of plutocracy, monopoly, and all means
and measures that wrung the multitude or
Infringe upon the liberty of the humblest
citizen. In tbe future The Arena will be con
spicuous for Its sggrexsive and bold defence
of the rights of tbe masses against the privi
V. It will contain great papers by th
greatest thinkers in the ALLIANCE and all
the kindred organiiatlooa which are working
for a radical ref nrmaMon of existing abuses
and unjust conditions.
VI. It will contain Hamlin Garland's
powerful Alliance story, " A Spoil of Office,"
which will be the most graphic picture of tha
modern West and the social and political con
ditions which called forth tbe Alliance ever
THE ARENA PORTFOLIO
Is a beautiful collection of twenty-six rthl
portrait of distinguished authors and
leaders of thought in this ohkat uprising of
The Arena one year, prioe $5.00
The Portfolio, price 4.00
Tbe Farmers' Alliance one year 1.00
AfMnm AT.T.TAWnW VTnT.THTTTVO OO.
Kltf Lincoln, Nebraska
GENUINE CAIN CITY
Write to or call on
STATE AO EST. 18m3
P. O. Box 148. Tele. 716.
Cor. 10 and O St. Lincoln, Neb.
THE ONLY ALLIANCE:
a Farmer uses la
figured and plain Bedford cord, tamise
cloths in all wool and silk wool, bom
banica cloth, henrietta cloths, etc. Also
an immense line of heaxy winter fabrics
in camel's hair cloths, ladies cloths,
broadcloths and flannels.
Flannel 54 inch 39c; regular price 51)o.
Camel's hair 47c; regular price 68c.
Camels hair 88c; regular price $1.33.
All wool heuriotta cloth 88c ; no better
made, regular price $1.25.
All wool henrietta cloth 05c; regular
Silk warp henrietta 48 inches wide
1.85; best made, regular price $1.85.
A complete assortment of fine mourn
ing goods. Prices always low.
We have opened a big lino of fine lin
ens for the holiday trade; fine cloths
wltb napkins to match in plain white or
fancy colored borders, the cheapest line
of hemstitched linens ever opened in
this market, all sixes.
Fine towels at 15, 19, 25, 85, 47, 50,65.
69, 75, 871c $1, $1.85 and upwards.
Napkins all sizes and prices, from 23c
a dozen up to $8 dollars a dozen.
An elegant line of foreign and domes
tic bead spreads at prices lower than
ever quoted by us.
We have enlarged this department
for holiday trade and a visit from you
to this department will convince yon
that Haydens is the place to buy your
Every tmng, 'rhaTb s'
Is our house always
Good cloaks for $4. cheap at $8.
38 dozen children's plush hoods at 10
per cent less thanswholesale prices,
all bright new goods.
Dress shieWs 9c.
Gent's wool hose 10c a pair.
Ladies wool hose 25c a pair cheap at 40.
Tobogjron caps, slightly soiled 15c.
Basting thread, lc a spool.
Very best prints, choicest styles, Cc.
IjOw prises on canton flannel.
Extra heavy bed spreads, $1.
Tinware at lowest prices ever quoted.
Fast black corsets at 50c, woath 75c.
Fast black corsets at 7oc. worth $1.
Rest values in corsets in Lincoln.
Quilts and blankets at extremely low
Ladies' fast black knit skirts 50c.
Noycs motal back ccmb 9c, worth 20c.
Sample line of gents neck-ties, worth
from 50o to $1, choice for 25c.
All wool red underwoar, very heavy,
only 50c, worth $1.
Heavy grey underwear fiOo, worth 75c.
Best values in ladies underwear in the
Best values in children's underwear in
Turkish towels 4c.
Towels only 24c. '
2J yards all linen table cloth 90c, worth
Good all silk ribbon 6c, worth 20c.
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