The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, November 26, 1891, Image 2

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Zirfety-fiv-s Cnts for Cow-hide and
Three Dollar for a Pair of Shoe.
Unci Jerry Invited to Visit Gosper Co
And Fill Up on Soar Kraut,
Biktkahd, Neb., Nov. 17, 1801.
Dkak Uncle: I think it was about
m year ago I wrote yon in relation to
taa financial depress! jn that is raging
among the laboring aad agricultural
duaot throughout tho nation. Iu yonr
reply you stated that extraragancs on
the part of the farmers was largely the
cause. At that time, Jerry, I thought
that you were either mistaken or trying
to fool some body, but I bare come to
the conclusion after careful considera
tion and investigation that you are
about right. The farmers in this sec
Uon cf the country ere extravagant and
there U no ess for that bowling mob of
Irresponsible agitators and Jabbering
idiots to aay they are not. They don't
get much money out here and what
they do they scatter to the four winds of
heaven. One farmer took a cow hide
to town and sold it for eighty five cents
mad then went across the street and
paid 13 for his wife a pair of shoes
Yes, Jerry, extravagance is what is the
natter with the farmer. Many of them
are paying 24 per cent for the use of
money, while they (if the are the gov
ernment) are loaning It to the banks at
one per cent Now, Uncle, you know
enough about business to know that if
there were no other cause this alone
would cause great suffering among
them. But they are extravagant In
many ways. They pay about twice as
much for railroad transportation as they
need to. Our R. R. tariff here in Neb.
' Is about twice as much as it is in Iowa.
We have a board of trannportatlon hore,
but they are republics and the repub
lican party is In favor of high tariff,
railroads not exoepted. After trying,
but failing to reduce the H. R. tariff
through the P. U. party we organized
new party and made the reduction of
the R. R. tariff one of the most promi
nent features in the platform, thinking
of course that all formers and merchant
at lewt were In favor of a just and equi-
' table reduction of the K. R tariff, out
Imagine our horror and chagrin, whon a
great many merohauts who had done
the most grumbling about R. R. extor
tion, turned their backs upon us and
eallod us a howling mob of irresponsi
ble agitators n nd political mountebank-.
Now Jvrry I do not wish you to un
derstand that the farmers aro any biger
tools than Thompson's colt, but I will
be just grim cquizled " if some of
them did not actually vote for tho re
publican party and high 11. R. tariff.
Kxtravagautr Yes, sir. Some farmers
actually wont to the polls for the sole
Purpose of voting it upon themselves,
ea. Undo, there are dozuns of farmers
in this state that are so extravagant
that they would sooner pay a high R.
X. tariff than a low one. Now they
can't afford it, for I see by our countv
paper that there aro 733 farms and a
urge number of town lots advertised
to be sold for taxes lu this county, and
this h a small county, only casting at
the last eleotion ebout 000 vetes. Jnst
think of it Uncle, more farms adoertistd
t bt sold by the sheriff than votes cast in
Hit county, and when I teJ you that
nearly one third of these votes were
cast for the R. R. party I believe you
will agree with me that the story of
Thompson's colt sinks into oblivion. '
They are also discriminating In thoir
extravagance, and I notice tha'; they
generally discriminate against them
selves. They pay Mrs. Garlield a pen
aion of 15 000 per year while they ouly
Eayan old hay-seed that bared his
reaat to the deadly missiles of war in
defence of his country, la most cases
from S3 to $13 per month. I am not
kicking. Uncle, about Mrs. Garfield's
pension, but I do say she is no more en
titled to a $5,000 pension than my wife
whose father's bones lie bleaching in
the swamps of Georgia.
Now, Jerry, 1 trus, you will do all
you can to keep the farmers from being
ing so extravagant. Of course it is your
buunden duty as seceretary of agricul
ture to. vote and work for the agricul
tural ticket. I was in hopes you would
have called to see me when you were at
Omaha and Grand Island some time
ago, but I suppose the board of trade at
Omaha toot up so much of your valu
able time iu showing you the agricultu
ral facilities of that Durg that you hard
ly had time. These boards of trade
must be awful q ieer agricultural soci
eties. Hastings is ornamented with
one that takes great interest in agricul
ture. Last winter the legislature
passed a bill that the farmers of this
state were very much interested in. I
think it was something about the rail
roads. No sooner had ihe news reached
Hastings than a meeting of the board
of trade was called and resolutions
passed denouncing the action of the
legislature and petitioning the Irishman
to veto said bill. Well, Jerry, the
power of the board of trade and the
Irishman was greater than the legisla
ture, so the bill was not placed up
on our statute books. These boards of
trade may be jery profitable to them
selves but they are wonderful expensive
to the farmers. I hope the next time
yon come soaring around in these parts
yon will come and see me, and if one
of those boards of trade should fold
you in its loving arms again just tell
them that you are the secretary of agri
culture on your way to Gosper county
to see a man that is engaged in raising
corn and pumpkins, and that they will
have to nnfold. I live in a sod kouso,
but of course that would make ne dif
ference to you providing you had plenty
to eat. I have just opened a fresn bar
rel of kraut and if you will come vou
shall have all you can hold if it takes
the whole barrel. This of course is a
very liberal proposition for me to make
but 1 am a farmer and you know the
farmers are rather inclined to be libe
ral andjextravagant in th?ir habits, so
come rignt along ana 1 will keep my
proposition if I have to dine on horse
radish and pursley. Hoping to hear
irom you soon l am one ot your obedi
ent subjects. W. Wixslow.
Lower Waxes In America.
Politicians work many schemes. In
this country it is claimed that the
tariff keeps waes higher in America.
It may keep up the wages of politi
cians, but the .following figures will
how that children and adults in free
trade England are paid better than
they are here, and will also show that
we can afford to reduce the tariff far
below the present figures:
Children in England are paid in the
Vines 62 cents er dry of 9 hours,
while la Wert Virginia they only get
60 cents for a IO-hours day.
In the cotton goods industries chil
dren In England get 45 cents for 10-
hours dsy. while in ew jork they
get but i 1 cents lor ao 1 1-hours day.
la the following states tbey also vet
leas than the English rate, beside
working one hour longer. Connecticut,
North Carolina and Georgia.
The rate paid to adult male hands in
the cotton goods industries in England
avcragM 1.17 pr day of 10 hours
each, while in Vermont the rate is
1 1.15, in North Carolina 96 cents, and
in Georgia fl.Oi The rate in Dela
ware is f 1. 19, just two cents over the
English rate, and In ew York it is
tl.23, but all the American rates are
for an 1 1 hours day. If the New York
operative workrd 10 hours, or one-
eleventh less than ho does, and if ho
was pit Id that much less, ho would get
but 1 1.12 per day.
- In other words, while the English
operatives average fl. 17 per day, the
New York operative averages only
$1.11 per day, which shows that tho
Englixhman actually gets over half a
cent per hour more than the New
The English rate of wages In metals
and metalio goods is $1.34 fcr an 11
hours day, while for a 12 hours day
the rate in Maryland is $1.21 and in
Alabama $1.29.
Those facts are from the report of
the United States commissioner of la
bor. Progressive Farmer.
It Power Menace Co llie Frundoin Oar
For-tal here Won.
Tho Influence of ISritlxli cold in tlio
affairs of men and nations has long
been a subject of remark and study,
but tho avurage American citizen
scarcely allows hitnsolf to think, whllo
reading of some wonderful conquest
men .ngusn capital has made, that
this country can nnvitr 1m nfTwtnd
thereby, and ho somns perfectly obliv
ious to tho alarming facts that sur
round him. It was the Pbylocic of
Lombard street, London, who Hint sug
gested a bonded war debt. Ho dopro-
cinloi irroonbiU'kn hnlnw irnlih hn In
company wlih his Wall street cousins
inuu Douni greenbacks wltn gout at
from 47 to HO eonf on Ihn ilnllur nml
Immediately n Invested tho depreciated
groenimcKs in i mtou Mates bonds dol
lar for dollar. Tbuso bonds were pay
able in legal-tender uolos tcrreon-
backs) interest and principal.
The money sharks, not content
with the profit nindo in buying green
backs at a discount and not content
with their success In trangfonnW non-
interest bearing notes Into Interest-
Dearing bonds, set themselves to work
to chance tha contmct m ant fm-th In
the face of the bonds themselves, and
they actually succeedf d In inducing tho
SO-called representatives of tlin unnriln
, , j
in congress to pass an act making these
very nonds purchased with depreciated
greenbacks payublo principal and in
terest in coin. And It has beon freely
charged, and the churgo is backed by
much direct and circumstantial nrnof.
that some of the money of a London
Jew went to pay Amerlcun statesmen
tor mis sorvico. jNot content with his
success in doubling his wealth, while
at the same time ho doubled the burden
on our agriculturists and laborers, the
Lombard street banker scores another
triumph ovor Amorican productive
labor and in favor of shrewd flnnn.
clal policy by sending his atrent to
this country with half a mill inn in
his pockot with instructions to secure
the demomrtizntlon of silvoi' and thus
establish his bonds on a cold himla
The scheme, bo it told to our shame,
succeeded, and uUhough it is trnld
thoro is not nor nor nm-op w. n. Hnif o.i
States bond sold by tho government
lor goici, every ono hold by a broker
or money changer in any part of the
world Las to bo paid in gold. Tho
British financiers have not utmmnri
here. To-day they own land onotigh
in this country to make threo such
states as Mississippi if it lay in a body;
they own largo interests, and in soino
instances controlling stock in many of
our most important railroad linos and
other industrial enterprises in this
country. They ate suid to fiavo almost
a monopoly of tho grain olovator busi
ness, rcquiring-alup're amount of o ini-
tal: Ih vv have our pountrv n,v,.ui
with mortgage and loan associations,
through the operations of which they
are rapidly acquiring control of largo
amounts of land in evory stato
almost in the Union, nmf v;mi
bids fair to absorb in a fow years our
entire landod entate. They dictate
eviction laws of manv of thn Kt,Htn
now, and they are so summary that
it is easier to evict a famiivln Knn
so to-day than in Ireland. A little
nioro man luu years ago our fathers
whipped thoso follows and
for us tho grandest country on the
globe, but at the rate they have pro
gressed in the pat thirty years in tbo
business of corrupting our legisla
tion with their gold, it cannot be long
before they will own our people body
and souL When the power of money
to oppress is extended a little further
the conditions above foreshadowed
will be reached, and thon tho poople
of this country become serfs and
slaves, nnd the British bondholders,
land speculators and usurers are our
masters. This is no fancy picture, but
the inevitable result of tho outrageous
Bystem of finance and legislation
which has cursed this country for tho
past thirty years, and which must ero
long ovei throw tho liberty of the poo
ple if not speedily checked. Tho
farmers would do it if aided, or even
let alone by the business and profes
sioual men of this country, but unfor
tunately many of them seem to have
a prejudice against auythiug proposed
by a "'hayseed." and in a financial in
dependence with tho foreign plutocrats
they throw thoir influenco and votas
against tho interest of their
mea Whether the organized wealth !
pruuurcr? 01 me country will be p. lie
to pre-ervo a government of the p..
pie, or whether the hireling, tools of
New and Old England will hold them
in subjection and finally overthrow the
liberties of the masses, is a queition to
decide much sooner than the corrupt
politicians will admit, or many good
and patriotic men supposa Tho Now
Era. . ..: .
A Yolo. Cal., farmer turned a band of
mules and horses Into a patch that had
been planted to cantaloupes. There was
quite a quantity of the fruit left and the
animals took a great fancy to It Asa
mult there were seven dead mules and
one dead horse. -
Iron is to be mads at Chattanooga by
an electrical process.
The Farmers Union: Although the
different mercantile agencies report
prosperous times the facta warrant that
statement only so far as it relates to
coupon clip!ers and loan brokers.
From all over the land comes the re
ports of failures, and in many in
stances even banks are included.
The Southern Mercury: To demand
of a member of the Farmer's Alliance
that he renounce the piinciples of the
organization to which hn has volun
tarily attached himself before he will
be recognized by the bosses of any
political party, is an insult to his man
hood. (Such a demand never emanated
from a Democrat nor was submitted
to by one worthy of tho name of a
The Virginia Alliance News: A half
do, en men have been running political
conventions end dictating to tho peo
ple whom thoy should vote for in the
past and now when the people see fit
to name their own candidates, these
solf constituted leaders get way up in
G, and say that it is preposterous for
several hundred voters to dicta to to
the majority. Oh! come off and bo
rionecr Exponent: The Alliance
and the people have everything to
gain and nothing to lose by a full fair
und honest Investigation of the Oonla
demands in broad open daylight with
open doors, and it courts such an in
vestigation. Ihe Alliance supporters
In Comanche county have done more
in ono month to promote full, fuir and
free discussion than the so-called
democracy ever did.
The Iowa Tribune: An Idea of the
small amount of money really in act
ive circulation among the poople may
be gathered, whon it is known that
the amount of standard silver dollars
outside of the treasury Oct 1 was
$00, 194, 175 subsidiary silver, fto'j, 661,.
4 Hi; total, silver in circulation, $119,
85H, 621. less than $ii per capita
Whon it is considered how large a per
centage of the daily transactions of the
people nro conducted with silver coin,
the real state of tho money fnmino
will be understood.
The Monte.uma Record; Don't bo
f aught by the "State bank" fraud pro
posed by eminent Democratic states
men and pretended friendly papers.
Our money must be full legal tendor
gnvnrnmont. money. Tho national
bank system is fur prcforable to Stato
bank frauds. The state bank cry is a
side issue to catch the Alliance with
and thus enablo the money power to
keep its death hold on the poople. It
is such a palpablo fraud that wo think
it will not deceive many, but its inten
tion is to dccelvo and rob the poople.
The Teninsula Furmor: There is
now on open field in tho cause of true
journalism for a rival to tho Associated
1'ivss in the matter of nows dispatches.
It Is not only untrushs about tho Alli
ance that is circulated by the associa
tlun, but a vast mass of sensationalism
and manufactured incidents, which era
pure romance and never happened,
are palmed off upon the public. Our
big dailies had better publish with
loss pages and more truth in thoir
make-up. or thoro will come a journal
istic cyclone one of thoso days and
paralysers of truth will get sent to
kingdom come by a popular revolt
against fiction for fact in thoir news
papers. "AH people can't bo fooled
all the time."
Tho Alliance Vindicator: In spite
of the opposition to our order nnd
tho war upon its oftlcors by the politi
cians and the plutocratic press, tho
Alliance still lives, and moves, and
grows, and is destined to make Ihe
world feel the weight of its mighty
tread. If ono wore to believe what be
reads from tho partisan press, ho
would think the Allianco had fullen to
pieces, by reason of the heavy woights
about its neck, and tho corrupt, do
signing, thieving, schooling, unprin
cipled demagogic oRIcers nt its head.
We hear them say tho sub-treasury
scheme is dead, the Alliance had to
drop it The facts are: Every state
Alliance thut has convened this fall
has adopted it with practically a
unanimous vote. They say the officers
aro corrupt but the Alliance don't bo
liove. There has not beon a resolu
tion passed in any state Alliance con
demning any officer whom they have
pointed out; but tho very men thoy
lauded to the skies have been con
demned as unworthy of our trust and
The Alliance Herald: The Alliance
is composed of machine Democrats,
Republicans, Independents and Third
Party men. As an. organization it is
not in partisan politics, that is to say,
it does not espouse any party. It es
pouses measures and advocates pur
poses. It has aims, and seeks to ac
complish them. It has a mission, and
expects to fulfill it It came into ex
istence at the demaud of inexorable
necessity. It continues in existence
and will ever continue to live, because
the urgency of the necessity is so great
and exacting that the members who
compose it are bound- by the ties of in
terest they are fasten! to it by a con
dition that compels them to stick, to
persevere and to make any sacrifice
for its success. This condition has
jeopardized their homes, has imperiled
the liberty of their children and has
rendored it impossible for them to at
tain prosperity. The census report on
the mortgage indebtedness of the coun
try shows the condition that has jeop
ardized their homes. The fact that
they are compelled to sell products at
cost of production shows the impossi
bility of extricating themselves from
this condition, without a change of
systems. Tho change of systems is
the purpose. The change of condition
is its mission.
Tno Alliance Advocate: When
America is made the dumping ground
for tho world's supply of silver, the
world at large will take an even ex
change therefor in American products
at our price. By all means let the
silver come, and let it bo coined into
honest dollars, and the farmers will
use them in paying off their mort
gages and restoring their heritage to
its former eminenco in American af
fairs. 1 .
The average French family embraces
three members and the average Irish fam
ily five. In England the average number
of membsrs of a family is four.
Sowing After PlowingManuring
tho Cardan Charcoal In tho
Poultry Yard Be Cntl
With tho Cows Faam
Sowing After Plowing,
Land needs rest. Boil requires stir
ring and then absolute rest. This is
one of the secrets of successful farm
ing. Business men of this century
never take rest, and the farmers wish
to run their land along in the same
aay. They demand that it should be
paying all of the time, and it seems
only to be paying when it is growing
something. Now land is often paying
the best interest on itself when it is
resting absolutely.
One great fault of Eastern and
Western firm lands is not lack of rich
ness and fertility, strictly speaking,
but the lack of readily available plant
lood. I lie food is in the sou in auun
dance, but it is not yet ready for the
plants to use. All vegetables have to
decompose and then pass through
chemical process and mix with the
soil to be in the best condition to feed
the plants. This process is performed
by the air, rain and sunshine. These
three must combine to bring the land
into the proper condition for seeds.
In the fall the corn-stubble held, or
the grass lot is turned over with the
plow, and the wheat sown upon it
immediately. In the first piace the
corn lias made a heavy demand upon
the strength ot the soil, and has prob
ably exhausted all of the available
plant food in it. It is not reasonable
then to suppose that the wheat can
be crown immediately on the same
land. More manure and fertilizers?
o, that is not what the soil needs.
It is rest. A t wo weeks' rest will do
more good to it than tons of fertili
sers. Plow the soil thoroughly, and
then let it rest so that the action of
the sun, rain and air may go on un
interruptedly, The particles of soil
are loosely thrown together, and the
air gets far down into the subsoil.
The rains soak through it, and the
sun warms and heats it by turns.
No time is so good for this as the
September sun and weather. The
sun is still hot, and even during the
early part of October, and the cool,
moist nights give the necessary
moiature. Decomposition and nitri
fication go on rapidly, and ths soil
improves as rapidly under this rest as
a worn-out bookkeeper does when
left in the country to do nothing but
rest in the summer time.
Even grass land is greatly improved
by this process which makes food
available to plants. Above all do
not plow to-day and sow to-morrow.
The soil is given no chance then to re
cuperate. Manuring tha Cardan.
It i$ very necessary to keep the gar
den rich, and if properly managed two
crops and sometimes more can be
raised in one season; it is important
that care be taken to fertilize if neces
sary every year. While commercial
fertilizers can be used to some extent,
yet well rotted animal manure must
be the principal dependence, especially
on the farm. It is not good economy
to use fresh manure for two reasons:
One is that it contains more or less
weed seeds, and the other is that it is
not in an available condition, and
will be of little benefit until rotted
and it will interfere more or less with
the preparation of the soil and the
cultivation of the crops. When it can
be done without interfering too much
with tho other work, fall is a good
time to apply manure.
Unless the ground is bc sloping that
it will be injured considerably by
washing during the winter, it is nearly
always best to clear up thoroughly in
the fall after the crops have all ma
tured and then plough deep and thor
ough. Then late in the fall or early
wintor, before the ground freezes too
hard to work well, have out a good
application of manure, having it well
rotted and fined and scattering evenly
over the surface and then with a good
harrow or cultivator, working well in
to tbo soil. This is a better plan as
there is less loss by bleaching or evap
oration with tho manure worked well
into the soil, than if left on the sur
face. Ordinarily there is little risk ot
gettinx ths soil too rich in the garden,
bo mat a, good application can nearly
always be given with benefit; and by
spring a Rood per cent, ofthe soluble
portions will bc taken up and retain
ed by the coil iu a condition to be used
by the growing plants, much more so
than will b done if the manure is not
applied until in tbo epriug and with
varden crops it is quite an item to
have ths manure worked thoroughly
into the soil.-
8e to the Farm Implements.
Now the working of farm crops are
over the implements should all be
collected and put under shelter. One
month of exposure now is worse and
will do more injury to farm tools than
three in winter. Decay takes place
faster now than iu winter, as the
change of temperature and other con
ditions are not so great or frequent in
winter. It is not at all times con
venient for the farmer to care for
farm tools at the proper time, and
the time spent in taking care of them
might sometimes be more valuable
than the loss by exposure, but this is
the exception not the rule. Not only
is there a loss by exposure, but many
times these implements are unexpect
edly needed ana are to be hunted up,
wnicn consumes
when found are
for use.
valuable time, and
in a poor condition
Collect them all up and see that
they aro properly arranged, the parts
all well adjusted just ready for use.
cleanse them from dirt that may be
adhering to any part of them. The
wood parts will decay more if the
dirt is left on, lor though the dirt be
dry when put away it will absorb
moisture and rot the wood. Give all
the iron parts a good oiling and wash
the wood parts and give a coat of
paint. This will shield the wood from
all atmospherical changes through
the winter. All the scrows, nuts and
other parts that may be wanted to
mave, or any part that wears bright
from rubbing in use should be oiled so
that the atmosphere will not have
any effect. Implements treated this
way will last louger and do better
work than if put away just as last
used. It is needful that the fanner
lessen his expenses as much as pof si bit
in farm .implements.
Be Gentle With the Cow. w
A cow is largely a creature of habit,
and will readily accommodate hersell
to the conditions under which she is
placed. It should be borne in mind,
however, that any undue excitement
tends to-lesson her butter productive
ness, and therefore should be avoided.
If a cow is chased with a dog, hounded
here and there, continually bothered
by steers or mischievous colts, or by
both, and confined at night in a small
yard, and devoured by mosquitoes,
a small pail will hold her milk. But
place the same cow in comfortable
surroundings, amongst companions of
her own gentle kind, away from the
annoyance of other animals; put her
in a clean stable, out of the reach of
lues at milking time, and then turn
her out to enjoy a hearty meal of
dewy crass, nnd see if, under these
altered conditions, the same pail will
hold what milk she gives.
Lows should be treated with the ut
most kindness. The man who, on the
slightest provocation, will strike or
kick a cow, is more deserving of the
same treatment than of being paid
wages, in lact an ill tempered man or
woman is a decided damace around a
cow yard. Even when a dangerous
cow is found there is no occasion to
raise a disturbance with her. Dry her
up and prepare her for the butcher;
life is too snort and precious to both
er with a mean cow.
Caring for Seed.
One of the most important items
with seed during the winter is to keep
it dry. Nearly all kinds of seed will
withstand considerable cold without
injury if dry, but if wet, the vitality
will often be considerably injured. In
nearly all cases corn, cane, or other
kinds, whether garden or field, it will
be found a goodj plan to spread
out and dry thoroughly before storing
away, and then, by storing in a dry
place, they can be kept in a good con
dition. It is not dry cold, but wet cold
that injures In nearly all cases seed
should be selected in the fall and kept
separate. A better quality can nearly
always be secured and this is impor
tant. And after it is selected, then it
should be stored in a way to keep it in
the best condition. It is better to pur
chase seed than to risk the crops with
tliOso of an uncertain quality; but if
they are to be sowed from what is
grown on the farm, select in good sea
son and store so as to keep in thebesf
condition at least.
Skill In Feeding.
There is much in a farmer knowing
when a pig is well ted. It is very con-
enientto have a pig fed in such a
way that it will not gorge itself, al
though feed is lying by it all the time.
But we are satisfied that there is no
profit in this sort of convenience. The
hoggets tired ol so much sameness;
food always at the nose becomes stale.
If fresh at every feeding, and appetite
prompts, it is eaten with a relish. It
equires much practice and skill on
the part' of a farmer to know when a
hog has the correct ration. Th e most
successful feeder we know notes the
changes in the weather and its influence
on the appetite, and portions out the
feed accordingly. On a rising tem
perature the ration is decreased, and
vice versa. Failing to do this his hogs
have cloyed when the temperature
ran high, causing a loss of thrift and
gain for a few days. This should al
ways be guarded against .National
Stockman and Farmer.
Charcoal In the Poultry Yard.
"When freely used in the poultry
ard, charcoal is of great value. If
ground or pounded fine and fed to
the fowls in their soft food," says
one who has had experience, "it ma
terially aids digestion and cleanses
the system of impurities. As it acts
upon the blood, it acts upon the life
of the fowl. When tho blood is thick
and clotty, a dull, sick chicken will
soon follow. Thin blood always
means vicorous circulation, and on
good circulation of the blood health
largely depends. If your fowls lack
activity they need something to stir
the blood from its sluggishness. We
have every confidence in charcoal,
and advise the farmer to barrel some
for feeding to his poultry. Keep it in
a dry place, and when needed, grind
or pound fine and mix with soft food,"
Farm Hints.
Do not sell the best pigs.
Do not let cuckie burs mature seed.
Mulch only after the ground is
Do not leave cabbage or turnips out
too late.
Be sure there is -nlentv of UnVif in
the horse and cow stables.
Head work on the farm is as much
wanted as hand work.
Give the colts plenty of room to ex
ercise if you want bone and muscle.
In nearly all cases the most restless
cow will prove the most profitable.
Generally now the quicker the hogs j
are fattened and marketed the better
the profit.
If the soil is dry, it will be a good
plan to puddle the roots of the trees
oeiore setting tnem out.
Under ordinary conditions thereis
no economy in cribbing the corn with
the shuck on.
In commencing in fppd in fli foil
n - - - - -.. " ,.
use what is most easily damaged first.
Winter is by far the best time on
the majority of farms to make ma
nure if properly managed.
Manure fern not contain anything
not in the food supplied. The quality
of the manure depends largely upon
the feed.
When the potatoes are dry is the
best time to select seeds- take from
the most prolific hills.
Before the corn is fully matured is
the best time to select seed for next
year's planting.
When fruit or vegetables aro stored
in the cellar keep the doors open at
mgoii mi com weamer sets in.
The way to da this is to ship yonr Butter. Poultry. Ezbs Veal
Hay. Crain. Wool. Hides, Beans. eVoom Cm If ien and
Dried Fruits. Vegetables, or anytmng you have to us. The fact that you
may have Iteea seliiug these articles at home for years, is no reason that you
shemd eentinae to do so, if yen can find a better market. We m-ke a s-aecialrv
of receiviiw shipments direct from FARMERS AND PRODUCERS. nd
probably have the largest trade in t!ik wav of any house in this market Whilst
you are looking aronnd for the cheapest market in which to bay your eoods. and
lhnflnnnAmiffin In thol v f nr'H -v
.. i " " "-".' va? juu io give seme attention to
the best and most profitable way of disposing of your produce We invite eor
respondence frem INDIVIDUALS, ALLIANCES, CLUBS, and afi organizations who de
sire te ship their produce direct to this market. If requested, we will send you
free of charge our daily market report, shipping directions and such information
aswdl be of service to you i you contemplate shipping. When so requested
proceeds for shipments will be deposited to the credit of the shipper with anT
wholesale house in Chicago. Let us hear from you. 11-Sm
Summers, Morrison & Co.,
Bafereace: Metropolitan National Bank, Cklcag-o.
mi m mi
Solid, Whole Stock Kip Boots.
Name and price stamped on every
Boot Evidence of faith in the
quality of the goods.
1129 O Street. 1129.
Special Rates to Farmers'
Rooms 17 and 18 Montgomery
Corner 11th and N
2yReKft Gate Company,
The Best and Cheapest Gate Ever Placed on the Market
The bov cut thowi the ordinary 10 foot gate. They are alio made 12 aad 14 feet
wide to admit binders, eto.
Praotical tests muds during the past four years has proTtd the Eureka superior to aay
gate made, notice the following points of superiority:
STRENGTH Ths frame is made of wrought iron tube 1 1-2 inches in diameter, so braced
(see cat) as to give great strength and resisting qualities. It is the itiffest and strongest gate
in the world.
LIOHTNESS The entire full sisod gate complete only weighs fifty pounds, and swings
on its bineeg at the slightest teach.
SUB ABILITY Being all iron and steel, it is praatically inlestrnotable.
EASE OF SETTING UP The eye blts and nuts are all famished complete, also the chain,
hook and staples to fasten ttie gate. All the farmer has to do is to place his gate posts the
proper oe apart, bore a half ineh hole for the hinge bolts and screw np.
USEFULNESS They are especially adapted for use with wire fences; catch no snow in
winter, are not aSeoted by the wind, and being so light they oan be readily plaoed where most
deeded. '
CHEAPNESS There is no other gate possessing all ths qualities that this one does that
can be sold for the same money.
THOUSANDS of these gates are in ase in Iowa, and throughout the eastern states. Flab
tering indorsements received from
Farmers, Stockmen, Railroad Companies and All Others
Using Theni.
A number of different styles made suitable for all
Order a Sample Gate and You will Use no Other.
For Circulars, Pries Lists and Full Information, Call on or Writs ti
J. W. TT A TLTtt-Jirsr, Stato Affont,
0t to ths EUBEKA OATE CO, Watarloa, Iowa, .
BROS., "
Alliance lo Car Lots.
Bl'k. Write for Prices-
St., Lincoln, Neb.