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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 19, 1891)
T be Sum Chris.
Stews TW Hr Vatto.
(Nm rrw Wc r? f rW!r.
AltWrMwl Ibmuyt ( 6ltlB ws
Aa taw Mnwi of IM aw re rr toy
Ta Mr ef s4 tUtti r feH;
M mm at
Hrr arrvfcfc. or tnM H trot.
Asrf lb w tkrcuaft ' of portals
Of lb kovM of Goa-fortofa.
Vor um lki(M IB doMer pre acta,
TM sacred ba'itt of gTajrtr.
T hM It m kr burfes)
Of sorrow ana) eni ana car,
itttf irw ahfclaW pl!!r aleia.
A atoM Cartel looked Vila a pUJlees Mailt.
Emm ihvmtwl of bw mrer and aubaa4.
Taw Mart t4 winner, sSela
Watte rarulrf tb pittance 4o!4 him
Fcr a kal thai was almoat i am ;
Ontt bcan1 b raa, and lender.
Am vnt hn sou! la a wava
Brae lb vaters fit it p a (Action,
As aba lHibbt of bl pauper rrave.
Aa4 tbwurbt ot bla Utile rht dren
la fane crjlnr for fcread-
Wklie 4oa oa tbe pafeccnt aplaahlea-.
rU taw heart -vrBni v-arf tbe shed.
Above rroca tb Dfeaw (b the pillared ala'a.'
A (tone Cfartat loakcd alia a pttilew smlie.
O CfcrWt thoru born of wcnianl
CItc ear t moUer'a praj er,
Waoaateof Tbee brrad for ber children;
Dear God : In aider spar,
Frota tbe pans? of cold and ktunfer,
Mt darliiijrs. wboae balr of old
Make fancied tbickrU of sunshine
la my attla bare nd cold :
Wboae smile, ai t break and fir them
Th hard and mouldy crnat,
Ttarantlreakinf heart with anauUb;
DrU.4 doat thou htarl-tboo muatl
Alore frtm a klihe in tbe pillared aisle.
A aioM Chr at looked with pitiless imlle.
They cane on the morrow throrginr.
And ihty fiikd tba boljr p aco,
With tbe romp ed wealth of fashion,
Proud prleau In llnea atd laoe,
With u rt-rs folltiwlnr after,
Pasted (lately up tbe aisle,
wall ibe moikiw organ thundered
Triumphant strains the while;
And tb air waa rich wlih Incense,
From poljon ouiaura nuna-;
And a song- like that ef tbe ingc!,
te white robed aliifrt-rssungl
Alert lrtn a tube in tbe pillared alale,
A atone tbtlat kvcktd with ft pitiless iTilla.
They tank wtih a alike a ruatla
On their knee: "Thy will be done;
Come thy klrgfom 00 earth at in heaven,"
They prayed in unlaon
Then, when tbe prayer w funded,
Tb preacher tonk the word;
Irej leUKd tbematlvu to iltfea.
Bot never t'ue sense they heard.
He apoke In cultured acoenli
or Wive and ot charity.
Who doeth it uut6 the ll&it of Ibeie,
IjO, he doetb It unto tnel"
Above from tbe niche in tbe pillared aisle,
A atone Chr it looked wltb a pitiless smile.
They feucd on that Pal bum morning.
In the wretched garret bed,
A gjnihff aft4 ;ei; ?h!f!reB k
Lying ttark am cold and dead.
Wk her prater bad jeen heard and answered,
fine hrd entered into her rest!
The poor heart broken mother
With the wee goiden heads on her broat.
Tbey brought them Into tbe ohaoooi.
And chanted requiem song,
Tuo late, ( Cnrittln bielhrent
Tbey will stand and aojuse ere long.
And atill fn m a niche In Hie pillared alalo,
Tb alone Christ looked with pitiless Sti lie.
BblTIt Makv NatlRIS.
Patting of tbe Way.
C F. Coburn In New Nation.
A short limn lnce you quoted Low
" Beaver Urook " as Datlonalifitic;
but I think the followino;, from "Tho
parting of lh wsvr," is the strongBtl
nave ever aeon of'tha klnl:-
Down to nn hawer of roses led the path.
Bat throtigh the streets of towns where Chat
Hewed wood for Ores whrse glow was owned
aud feared, -.
Where Natedtieta wore garment of warm
Kot for Itself ; or through the telds It led.
Where Hurger reaped the unattainable grain,
I hi re Idleness enforced saw Idle lands,
League of unpeopled tull, ih common eart h.
Waited round itb pspvf cgftluH God and
I hope yon will print theso lines; the
example of a man like Lowell U of lu
utimallc valuo to your cause,
. A Wider Application,
flarna of the remarks made on the
fclvittl'p during tho eampaiga jast closed
have a far wider application than the
speakers probably imagined. For in
tanoo, Gov. Campbell of Uhio, in his
debate with Mr McKioley, stated very
forcibly the nnjust conditions Imposed
upon the working classes, but the cause
and the remedy llos far behind the
tariff, to which bo attributed the evil.
At tbe recent dinner of the Masachu
aetts Reform club tbo earnest and elo
quent Congressman Wilson of West
Virginia said: " If we are to have pure
legislation in either branch of Congress
wemut be free from leglslaton In
which great moneyed Interests are in
volved. You caa never have honest
elections in this country, even under
the Auslraitau ballot system, as long as
great pecuniary interests are put to he
stake in election. Yon can never an
ticipate tho two houses of Congress
from the pressure without and from
the constant lobbying al Washington as
long as such interests are at stake in
leirislation. - Now it seems to me that
we need, first of all, Ui free the covcrn
ment of the United Sutes from private
posession to emancipate the govern
nieot of the United States, the taxing
power of the country, from private
owner-ship or private control by any
set of people in this country, us the
foundation of all other reforms "
la the foregoing statement is com
prised the very kernel of tbe great evil
that is eatiug out the hean of our free
itwtitwiions. While Mr. Wilson refer
red specifically to the powerful private
interests that have been developed by
the protective system, his words apply
directly to all such interests that are
preying upon the eoverument. Pos-
ailily even st keen-sighted a man as ho
might be taken back if ho were con
fronted with the fact that the great
railway, teicgrapn ana express corpo
rations, not to mention other great
moneyed interests with which the tariff
lias nothing whatever to do. must be
placed in the same catagory. Yet, if
the tariff was entirely reformed accord
log to tbe desires ot the speaker, and
the protective system swept out of ex
: Istence. the corrupting influence of
great pecuniary interest of which he
complains would continue unabated.
And very likely Mr. Wilson would
shrink with dismay from tho application
of the only remedy that can possibly
jMcompHsh the ends that he seeks: Tbe
nationalization of the railways, tele-
grapoa and express business, together
wttn every otner puoiio service . con
trolled by great pecuniary Interests.
At the same dinner Conzressman
Mr. McAdoo of Mew Jersey, said that
we wrr appf.ay Mjr IK adopt-ot ft a
alal aoria im. n-t a soriaii'os of tb
ptmraod urifurti'e. bt ot the rich
id powerful. 'atinnaiisl abhor sot
nniy the lalUr m well aa b. bat the
f. rtir alo. The pre1ornioce of no
e Interest whatever, be it rk-h or lie
it lowly, i to Ue sought, but t'. sx-fin-ota
in and pnlitkaJ fredom of Uie entire
people, which caa only be attuned
through the administration ft their zt
duatrial aerviw by an1 for the people
The Advantage of .Public Ownership
Explained by Prof. E2y.
At a recent meeting of tbe Johns
Hopkins Hittorieal Seminary in Bulti-
mori!, Trof. Klchard T. Ely read a pa
pr upon the "lUUwai and Social Ue
mocracy in Germaoy," and among;
many excellent other things he said:
" I was very much impresned during
my stay in Germany tbi summer by
the superior service of tbe state-eon-
trolled railways of that country aa com
pared with tbe careless management of
our own lines. There was scarcely an
accident in IVusda during the whole
summer, while in this country nearly
five times as many passengers are in- J
Juredor killed outright. The Ameri
can railway have not enough em
ployees to secure Safety and attention.
Eogland ha fonr times as many men
and Germany even more.
" We are fully thirty years behind
Germany in safety for passengers
There are no unguarded crossing'! to
a'lowed 10 meiaie tbe public. Kven
at the stations there la no croisltg
the tracks to reach out going trains, as
U the case in our own Union Stations.
To get on the other silo fn Germany
you must descend a flight of steps and
pan through a tunnel nnder the track.
I ne stations themselves are models of
beautiful architecture. The new one in
Frankfort cost tf tXMl.OOO, When tho
government intends to erect a new sta
tion it offers a prize to architect for
omninytiial deaigus. There is a maxi
mum of comfort recr.ived in railway
travel, as the sUtions are all union
stations, which is possible sinco the gov
ernment control all '.ho lines.
" $i'ic; 1 was In G"rc;riy 10 years
afo nuiiy improvements in speed have
tx-en made, b(J miles an nour Deing tne
scheduled tiuin fr many trains. The
express fron Iinrlia to lUmburg md
oi) miles an nour an stops luciuueu.
Government ownership aUo opens tbe
wav for the use of tbe railway for a so
cial purpose. The general opinion is
that the population is too much central-
UHtttu the large cities, aia by the
cheap Jtono or belt railroad system.
SOOQ O ji OpSIitu IH uoiuu, nui aiueii
may live in tho suburbs and work in
the city without much expense.
"The government management of
the milwuy li nances has also been a
jrilliaut Mi"cos, surpassing all expecta
tions. Jn Prussia alone last year, after
paying the intcrett and part of the
principal on the imnried debt, there was
a surplus of S25.000.000. The reduction
In fare and tieights annually amount
tj an annual distribution of over $'-,-0O0.OIK).
I mtiHt also say a word for
the high quality of the freight service;
which 1 fully equal to the express
trallle in many parts of our country. A
trunk can lie sent nil over Germany
with perfect safety and convenience for
a mere tritle, while a few cents extra
will Insure it, and a few cents more
guarantee its delivery at a certain
All Profits Are Taxes.
All forms of profit in business are
tax upon the people. Tho profits of a
telegraph company are a tax on the
transmission of Intelligence. The pro
fits of a railroad company, local or in
tcrstate, are a tax on transportation,
adding j iut so much t9 tho cost of all
articles transported. The profits of
the colt n mills are a t ix on cotton
cloth, Tbo prglits of the Standard oil
avo a fax" 6n kerosene. The profits of
the mine operators and handlers are a
tax on coal. In this way we might
lengthen out the list Indefinitely, for
every commodity which is produced
and every service which is rendered for
profit, is taxed, and thereby laised in
expense to tho consumer or patron, by
tho amount of that profit,
Compared with tho taxes we thus
pay to private persons and corporations
In tbo form of profits, all tho taxes
which tho most extravagant form of
government ever collected arc but trifl
ing in volume. The taxes which are
paid to the government moreover are,
as a rule, returned te the people in
some form of ptiblio service or protec
lien, while the taxes paid te capitalists
and corporations are to a large extent
squandered by a small class in luxurious
living and vain ostentation, which
mocks the luisoiy of the masse.
Nationalism proposes to put an end
to the taxation of the people in the name
and form of profits ou commerce and
industry. Its plan is that the people
shall themselves, through their public
agencies, assume tho conduct of all
forms of business, as they have already
assumed many forms, such as the post
otlice, iight-house department, and (in
many couutriot.) the telegraphic and
railroad service. As of course the peo
ple would not seek to make a profit out
of themselves, all thlugs they did for
themselves would oe aone la Uie cheap
est possiblo manner, at cost. In this
way the tax called profits, wh'u'h now
euhanccs the cost of all thinirs, and di
verts tbe Iruits 01 toil to rood the waste
ful lusts of a few, would forever be
There are soruo excellent people whs
fancy that they occupy a defensible po
sition in proposing that a few business
es, such as railroads, telegraphs and
others should be nationalised, but that
the process should stop there, and not
be extended to business in general
It is iudeed truo that those mentioned
and some other businesses are already
in so highly centralized a form that it is
more convenient to bring them imcje
diately under publio control than It
would be so to organize business tn
general. That is a xood reason for be
sinning wun sucn businesses, but tnere
is no reason at all for stopping with
them. The fact that a business con'
ducted for profit is ground enough for
arguing for its public assumption, be
cause that profit, be it large or small
Is a tax upon the consumer and patron
of which public management would ro
lieve him. As all business conducted
oy private persons or corporations are
necessarily - conducted for profit, the
conclusion follows that there is no logi
cal stopping place in the process of
nationalization of Industry short of
eompVt ro rt rs'iv )tm baaed n 1
ob in naif at M$u-m.
la b-fcg lii gnmtit fr the -tlf"iiinloi
irf inluet;y. in the prearnt
article, upon tba (irnpoaitioo that pro
fi: are in a'l enw tasea oa tbe peoplo.
it U oot intend! fur a niomeot to tin
ply that this is tba sole main argu
ment id favor of nations Um. 1 ht
binderance tn wealth wro'lmiioo and
the wt-i of wel b by the planleean.
(1 11 ol !'. ion and eoiiions of the com
petitive tys em, would be 00 their own
ai-count quite sufficient arguments in
favor ot a oa'ional co-operative art'em
even if tbe treent manazers of bui-
n- were so unelii-h as to dispense
with prcuU altogether.
It mar indeed be truly said that
there U no asw?t of the present Indus
triil aytr,i, wh-ther economic or mor
al which fai'a to g;-t an argument
for nationalism What we have tocope
with is not inrled aty serious argumen
tative opposition to our propwitinns
None has been attempted which has
not been baaed upon olnrk ns miscom
prehenotnn What we have to contend
with U simplo the inertia of tbo human
mind the strength t,l inherited preju
dice, and above ail tbe spirit of peasim-
l-m ant hopelessness, the task of
overcoming thea obstacles is a weary
ne, and calls for patience, but of eur
ultimate and perhaps not remote tri
uffipb, there can be no shadow of a
DANCERS OF OPPRESSION.
Maverr af Bath
The movement that la agitating the
minds of the masses at the present
time is one that should Interest every
American cltuen. Their interest! as
a people, and their pride a a nation,
are embodied in tbe principles of the
reforms that are now being advocated.
Through the chicanery of trusted
leaders we have drifted into a con
dition that is becoming unbearable.
Human nature naturally revolts
against oppression, and an inevitable
The dangers to which Lincoln point
ed us are here. He, with a far vexing
eye, saw the cause, and knew what
the effect would be oa this nation of
people. A few have grasped (aa he
said they would) and are holding tbe
wealth of this country. It he would
come upon the earth to-day be would
not only denounce, but would release
himself from a party that has become
With his strict sense of justice he
could not do otherwise than w th for
the emancipation of the masses from
the sla'Ary into which they have been
thrust, r.d assist in lifting them out
of the pit into which they have been
unconsciously cast He proclaimed
the glad news of freedom to an en
slaved race; but twenty-five years
built an institution of greater magni
tude than the enslavement of the col
ored race. An entire race of toilers
and producers, both blacks and whites,
are writhing in its shackles.
The colored slaves, althottgh denied
their freedom, had no fear of starva
tion as long as tbey had masters; but
the slaves of to-day embrace the en
tire population of working people and
producers, black and whito, and tho
chances are on each alike.
How, at this stage ot afTahn, what
do wo see? (Jn one side a hideous
monster whose name is Avarice, and
he sways h's rod of gold over the
people. W.th merciless grasp he has
seized the results of the toiling masses.
On the other hand, we seo justice
trample 1 in the dust Her time-worn
garment are wrapt around her form,
and as she lifts her eyes to heaven in
prayer a distant star greets ber vision,
and throws its gleaming light about
her. Hope rekindle in her breast;
and faith points to this guiding star,
which shall attend her as she guides
the wiongel, the weary and the
hungry through the wildoness. Its
light is gleaming into the minds of
the masses, and they have dUcovorcd
Vat) causes of their present dilemma,
and are sowing a remedy. 1'ney are
eeeking to dethrone Evil, and socuro
to theinsolves, their children and
generations to come, the sucred rights
earned for them by the blood of our
They are seeking tor just and equit
able laws; laws tUat will beueul this
entira community; and not lor a few
only; to whom wo must bow in awful
We are seeking to put down mon
opolistic rule in all its branches, and
have an equal distribution or rights
and privileges for the benefit of the
entire population. That is what we
want, and through enlightenment,
and determined un flinching effort, we
are eoing to have it We are going
to dethrone evil and set up a standurd
Now we ask those 30.000 owners of
this country and their tools; If they ex
pect to run this government forever;
and if so, we beg leave to point them
to a history of a like nature in tho
eventa that have preceded the down
fall of empires, and in those evonts
thev can read their destiny. Such a
state of affairs cannot exist forever,
else agriculture would cease and star
An end inevitably comes to oppres
sion. It will lost for a period and thon
a downfall to the oppressor and re
demption for the oppressed. Our con
dition ia the inevitable result of op
pression in Ms varied forms.
Our cause is marching on like old
ocean s grand waves, and wun tne
scepter of justice in our hands, its
surging billows will bear us on to vic
Heroes are being born into the light
and are assisting in holding up the
grand and mighty pillars of liberty
for the enfranchisement of the toilers.
Hope on, ye heroes of. to-day, and
work for this end, and a bettor era will
soon dawn an era of "Equal righte
for allandspeciel privileges to none."
Mrs. Dr. Howard in tho Topeka
Electrloally Welded Projectiles.
The latest application of electric
welding is to the construction of pro
jectiles. The shells for modern quick
firing guns have to be furnished with
an intensely hard point for armour
piercing purposes, and. until reecntlv.
none but the smallest sizes have been
successfully made. It would, however,
appear that the electric welding pro
cess will come in play with excellent
effect, as it is now possible to cheaulv
and rapidly furnish the steel body of
inesncii wun a rnrome steel point
won u win prove an tnat cau be de
LINCOLN, V.IUTHUUSDAY, NOV. 10
ITS'fi IN THE rOIL .
Why VrgataU Malrh la ta.
salt of feeatlag Bala f
kctad smI faraa
aa J Moat Hsata,
The Ul. toil.
Some of my readers may say that
this ia a strange term to apply to the
brown clods "which the rude swain
turns wh'a his share and treads upon."
wr.te W. i 21acy in the Practical
Farmer. Tbey see that living things
grow out of this brown soil, and are
apparent to the eye, bot to speak of
the soli aa living, they do not compre
hend. But the term may be truly so
used. IhU brown mould on the
upper surface of our fields, as far
down as cultivation enables the air
to penetrate, absolute! swarms with
life, both vegetable and animal,
in such minute forms that, to the or
dinary vision, unaided by a micro
scop, all seems IL'cIe&s. These low
forms of life fcave a wonderful influ
ence upon the fertility of the soil, and
on the health of thoe living upon it
Darwin long ago showed tho wonder
ful amount of work done bv the earth.
worrn- which every one can see. but
it ia only In recent years that the work
of tbe microscopic forms of plant and
animal life in the soil has been ma le
apparent. The animal life fn the soil
is mostly apparent in earth-worms,
the larvio and pupas of insocta, etc.,
but the unseen forms of vegetable l.fe
are infinitely more numerous.
lungi, whose reproductive organn
are ot large size, lUe the mushrooms
and puff-balls, are, of course, very
apparent, but low down in tho scale
of vegetable life, countless millions of
plant organizations, occur in this
upper soil, making it one mas of life,
Fungus forms of plants are divided
Into two general divisions. 1st Those
which got their sustenance from living
organisms, aud which are called para
sitic frngL 2d. Tboe whlvh feed
upon decaying organic matter, and
are called saphrophytic fungi. To
this class belong this mighty multitude
in the living soil We are all familiar
with tbe effect produced by the
growth of one of these saphro
phytcs, known as the yeast plant the
rapid growth of which, in solutions
containing sugar, is the cause
of alcoholic fomentation. All through
this living soil, uncounted mil
lions of similar plants nre pro
ducing fermentation of other char
acter, particularly what is known as
tho nitric ferment, producing nitric
acid in the soil. These, and forms
still lower and moro minute, are ac
tively engaged in promoting this ni
tric fermentation, Itactcria, so small
that one thousand co.:ld pass abreast
through tho hole made by a fiao sew
ing needle, increase in fertile louni with
a rapidity almost inconceivable, and
aid materially in tho process. Hut the
greater part probably, of the nitrifica
tion in soils cultivated in regular rota
tion of crops, is caused by a vegetable
fundus of higher order tlian a bac
terium, and at least of a partly para
s.t'.o character. This is a small uni
cellular fungus, found to inhabit cer
tain tubercles or swellings upon tho
roots of clover and other leguminous
plants. This is tho organism which
fives this class of plants their great
value as renovators of fertility in the
EoiL But the lower forms ot bacteria
are found to be wocdqrfulny active in
eoils abounding in decayed organic
matter. Thesa aro truly saphro
phytic, and their action in keeping up
the nitric fermentation furnishes an
other argument for tho practice of
burying vegetable growth in the soiL
A crop of Bold peas or clover, by
moans of the higher ferment associ
ated with them in their roots, accum
ulates a largo amount of nitrate, main- '
ly nitrato of potash, whilo the docay
Of their tops buried in the ground fur
nishes food for myriads of tho bacte
rial forms to continue- tho process.
The presence of these bacteria in de
caying vegetable mutter accounts for
the benefit derived frora tho covering
of tho soil with a vcgettiblo mulch,
such us wheat straw. Many fa: mors
in largo wheat growing districts, have
found tho most profitable way
to use their etraw is to spread
it at once on the surface of tho
soil. Land covered iu this way
during the latter part of the warm
season, and tho following winter, is
found to havo accumulated a much
larger degreo of fertility than can be
accounted for by the mero decay of
the straw. Tho abundant food given
to the nitrifying bacteria promoted
thoir growth, nitric acid was produced,
and this seized on the otherwise' in
soluble potash in the soil, and two im
portant elements of plant food were
formed. On the other hand, we see
how a soil kept exposed yoar after
year in the clean culture of cotton,
becomes dead poor literally. There
is no food for tho nitric ferments, and
the term dead poor is truer than we
may think, and nitrogen- must be
bought in expensive fertilizers that .an
intelligent course of culture would
have provided almost free.
Results of Feinting Boots.
Carrots nre bettor ndapted for
norses, producing a sleek coat, healthy j
appearance nnd good appetite. A
horse gotting a mess ot them every
night soldora requires medicine. Sheep
that have a fair share of turnips or
mangels through tho winter and spring
seldom lose their wool before shear
ing. The ewos have stronger lambs
and a better (low of milk that brings
them on faster and earlier for the
market and the wholo flock go upon
grass in good condition. Milch cows'
give a larger Sow of milk nnd richer
in quality, which means moro butter
and better calves. The old cows can
be made into excellent beef. Th-o
young cattle can be brought into value
much sooner and with more profit
The manure pile -will bo much larger
and ot better quality. One man
in Ontario a few years ago
raised 20,000 bushels of turnips.
A neighbor said to him: "Mr. F.,
you had better soil 1 000 bushels.
They will bring you $1,000." No,"
he says, "I want thpm all fed on the
farm, to go into man tire. " And he fed
all of them. Farms on which roots
are raised and fed are getting more
productive every year. 1 he dairymen
soy they would dispose of thoir cows
If thev could not have tho roots for
them. Those that food cattle for ex
port snv they could not do it with a
-profit without them. One man says:
f ro-i'd aot ed'trate my cLIUren as
do If It were not tor ro-t' And
number of others tell u tby fca
liftei mortgaees thai tbey eouid not
bave done cthTwiseu In conclusion,
let me say that lb root crop pau a-:;,
lions of dollar inU ths pocket of the
.urscf Ontario every year. And
tbe individual benefit eonnot be esti
mated. 1L Williams in Ohio lar&er.
Caa Selected Scw4 Only.
The importance of using good seed
was al.-o demonstrated hut year ia the
case of oats, when the heavy seed
yielded some six bushels mere per
acre man tne corr.mon seed, it euouid
also be noticed that tho crop from th
best seed weigh more to the struck
bushel than is the cae with the crop
from the light seed. Although it has
not been demonstrated by experiment
extending through a sudiciently long
series of years, there seems to be no
reasonable doubt that a crop raised
from select seed will, when used for
seed again, if the practice of selection
is kept up. maintain the good charac
ters of any given variety of wheat bet
ter than inferior or even common teed.
Natural laws point in that direction,
and it has been shown to be so over
and over again in the caie of vegeta
bles. If our farmers would use
only selected grain for seed
year after year, we should hear
less about this or that kind "run
ning out" losing prestige and oece-isi-tating
a change of seed. It is true
there are other factors to consider in
the problem of maintaining or of im
proving the standard of excellence of
any given variety ot grain. Tbe soil
culture, climate, all influence the re
sult; bnt whatever the conditions,
there are few, if any, farm operations
that will give belter returns for tho
labor expended than to select and
grade the seed grain with the best of
care. The laws of seed breeding are
a inexorable as are the laws of stock
breeding, and all admit that in the
operations of the latter -like produces
like," and that to improve we must
breed ftera the best." 11 ul let in No
20, Kansas txpe.ime.it Station.
ftbeep Raising a Coo I Baalneis.
"Whatever may be said of tho
price of wooL' says the Rocky Moun
tain Husbandman, ' there is ao gain
saying the fact that so long as mutton
commands its present fiL'fres thoop
raising will bo a good business. It
will in reality pay to grow sheep for
mutton alone and the money obtained
for wool is all clear gain. Ono of the
chief advantages of handling shoep is
that it is practical to keep them con
stantly under your care and much loss
may be prevented which would occur
i' this was not tne case. Another im
portant point is that they will flourish
on a snort ranse. Ihen they yield
readily to will in the matter of
breeding. You can cbunge in tho
shortest possible timo whenever the
fashion in wool or flesh changes.
Then under the present dejiand for
mutton there is no necsssity for ever
having any old sheep on hand, as this
class can be worked off from year to
year and the Cock kept young and
thrifty. It is also possible to build
sheds of capacity to house as largo a
uumber as a given range will feed,
and, being prepared to house a Cock
properly, winter loss is not only pre
vented, but tho best success is assured
in lambing. With successful lambing
and wintering, a flock made certain
and a fair piico for wool when mutton
alone would pay expenses, there is
nothing toproent our flock owners
from becoming rich in a few years."
To rnin thA nilft on vnlvet. rnrer a linf.
Iron with a wet cloth, and hold the velvet
over it. Brush the velvet quickly while
Plaster casts which are properly waxed
may be wiped oCf with a damp cloth, and
wjll last for years without being injured,
while an unwased one soon becomes
soDeit, pad it is practically impossible to
Fresh fish, if in good condition, will
foel linn nnder pressure of the finger, and
the smell, though '-fishy" U not unpleas
ant. Reject any the esh of which feels
soft, and which has the least objection
able odor. The sooner fish is eaten after
it is taken from the water, the better it
Don't "dowdy up" your lamp. It's
dangerous. A broken lamp chimney, an
accidental movement whi?h migrht over
turn a table, a strong current of air or
any one of the thousand accidents or inci
dents of daily existence might set the
lamp's 'tea gown" oa fire, and then
When you feel tho pricking pain on the
eyelid that announces tho coming of a sty,
use as an application, very strong black
tea, or siipply the tea leaves, moistened
with a little water, put in a small bag of
muslin and laid over the eyelid. Moisten
again as it dries. Ibis, if used before the
sty gets under way, wiil, it is said, cure it.
One of the most agreeable of dentifrices
is to be found in a fow drops of tincture
of myrrh in half a glass of water. It not
only eleanses th mouth, making it fresh
and sweet, but it is an excellent tonic for
the gums and arrests decay. It also has
the merit of beiag very inexpensive, as
ten cents will buy enough to last a year
Poultry bouses should face the south or
The nature ot the soil should determine
A good range means ovorything for the
Pullets rarely make good mothers. Save
some ot the old bens for hatching.
Stock must be supplied not only with
what they eat, but what they can digest
Too much salt or salty food at one time
often proves injurious; a small quantity is
While it is an item to keep all of the
sto?k the farm will carry, overstocking
should be avoided.
Guineas are kept largely for their eggs,
of which they lay a large number in the
spring and early summer.
Good digestion is the result ot feeding
enough to sustain the animal, but not
enough to overload the stomach.
Animals that seem to eat all that they
can get without gaining anything in size
or weight, should be got rid of as soon as
It is not so much what we raise, as what
wo sell that supplies tbe income. Have
as much of the products marketable as
When more food Is taken than can be
disposed of healthfully there is a double
loss; the food is wasted and the animal
is weakened by disease.
It a feed cutter is not used, plan to feed
a large proportion ot the corn fodder in
racks in the feed lots, feeding the bay or
straw In the stables or sheds.
It is not the breed that thrives with lit
tle care, but tbe one that receives e
that pays. A good breed permits the
farmer to convert tils labor tnt prsfil
J ; OBTAIN . CHICAGO -.
The way to d this ! 1 to ship yoar Butter. Poultry, Eggs, Year,
Hay. Crairt. Wool Hides. Beans. Broom Corn teen and
Dried Fruits- Vegetables- or at,jum.g you have to ua. The fact mat jou
ma have Uwn seiiii tuv- articles at home for years, is no reaon that you
should eoptinue to do . if yon can find a market. We tmke a ecialtT
of receivii shipments direct from FARMERS AND PRODUCERS- and
probably bave tbe largest trade in tuw av of any hout in tow market. W hUst
yon are lookinz around for tbe cbpet market ia wbkh to buy your goods, and
tbuaeconemizire in that way, it will certainly par yoa to give Mm attention to
the best and moot profitable way of iispinsr of yonr produce We invite eer
repondence from INDIVIDUALS, ALLIANCES, CLUES, and all organizations who de
sire to ship their produce direct to this mirket. Ifrq.ested, wewill6end you
free of charge our daily market report, shipping directions and such information
as wiil be of service to you. if you contemplate shipping. When so requested
peooed, for shipment will be deposited to the eredit of the shipper ith an
wholesale house in Chicago. Let us hear from you. 11 3m
Summers, Morrison & Co.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS 175 South Water St, CHICAGO,
Rafereare: MrtroawUtaa National Hank. Chicago.
Solid, Whole Stock Kip Boots.
Name and price
.boot Jividence 01 laith in .the
quality of the goods.
ED. G, YATES,
0. W. LYMAN,
WHOLESALE'-. LUMBER X AND COAL
Special Rates to Farmers'
Rooms 17 and 18 Montgomery
Corner 11th and N
DO Y061 USE GATES?
EUREKA TUBULAR GATE,
UReKft Gftie Company,
The Best and Clicapcst Gate
The above cut shows the ordinary 10
ride te admit binder, ete.
Prae ical trstJ msds during the past fenr
gate mare Notice thsioUowinsrpcintsof sapenonty:
BrBESGTH TUB frame IS ma.9 or wroogni
free en) as to give great strength and resisting
la the world.
LIOHTHESSTh entire fell si jd gate
on its Mncei at the slightest t uch.
DURABILITY B urg au iron and steel, it
EASE OF SEITISOUP Taeeyebilts snd
heck at d staples to fa stents gat. All the firmer has toco is to puce n:s gate posts we
proper distance apart, trre a hlf iea hole for the hinge bolts and sirew np.
TJSPDLI:d laey are ejpiciaiiv aaapiei rer ose wilu who Kuv,ai u iu w .u
Winter, are not slTeoted by lit wind, and being so light they oan bo readily plaoed wheis most
CHEAPNESS Thesis no othBrgata possessing all inequalities that this one do:s thai
can be sold for the same moaey.
THOUSANDS of these gttes are in use in
taring indorsements Teoeived from
Farmers, Stockmen, Railroad Companies and All Others
A nnmher of different styles made suitable for all
Order a Sample Gate and You will Use no Other
J. W. HARTLEY, AIXIA1TCS STATS AGENT HAS HADE ABXANGEIIIIITS FOB IELL
ISO THESE DATES DIRECT TO MIMBEB3 OF THE
ALLIANCE AT FACT0SY P EI CIS.
For Circulars, ftlca Lists and Fall Information, Call on or Write ti
3T. "V5T. -rr a -n rTT.irre-r state -aroxxt,
Or to the IUBEXA wATE CO, Wsttrlo Iowa,
PRICES x FOR -. YOUR
stamped on every
Alliance In Car Lots.
Write for Prices
St., Lincoln, Neb.
Ever Placed on the Market.
foot guts. They are also mae 12 and 14 feet
yrsrs has proved the turtli superior to say
iron luoe i i-s lacaes m uinuicvei, ui.w.
qualities. It is ths st.fftst and strongest gats
' . .
complete only woigal arty pounds, ana swings
is praotically raaestrueiaoio.
nnts are all famished cosip'.etf, also tho chaln .
Iowi, and throughout ths eastern states. Flat
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