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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 12, 1891)
THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NER, 1HUKSDAY, NOV. 12,-1891.
THE CEMETERIES Or THE PIO
NEERS OF THE WEST.
t Wanri Blme eta4 tfce steals Fa.
OrM ul rika rMk TrlU
At 1rM fir autarte
It is interesting to contrast tho fron
tier funeral and burial ground In the
wt with that of the wt, writ the
Denver Cor. of the Globe Democrat
The cemetery the necessary, but last
adjunct to the organization of a civil,
bed community follows in the wake
of immigration and empire. No
monuments marlc the last rusting place
of those buried la the first five great
cemeteries of the great west. They
are in the region of nameless, unknown
; These five historic oemeterios, where
thousands from the East and South
died and till unknown graves, are the
Missouri Hirer, and the Santa Ye.
Oregon. California and Pike's Peak
trails. , The transallcghanry and later
the transmlssissippi pioneers followed.
There was no prairie farming, and
hence the term backwoodsman. It
was a kind of Yankee trick in the
West in later years to leave the forest
and begin plowing the prairies and
are the time that hud hitherto been
used In log rolling and clearing the
river bottoms for agriculture. The
early trappers, hunters and fur doal
ers followed up the Missouri River and
its tributaries. Only with great dill),
culty could a corpse be concealed from
wolves and coyotes, the latter animals
always having boon known as the hy
ena of the plains country. Hence,
many an old huntor when fur from the
border land of civilization, has burled
his "pard" in the Missouri liiver.
Landsman and plainsman with a sea
men's burial a watery grave! Tho
body wrnppod in a blanket when the
blanket could be spared and tied to
rocks and bowlders, was lowered from
the drifting oanoe into the "Big Mud
dy." as that river is commonly known
in the West. Many an old hunter and
trapper has been buried in the mighty,
rushing walors of the great Western
river, even as the faithful followers of
Desoto lowored his remains into the
bosom of the Mississippi.
When it was newssary or conven
ient to bury the dead on land the
greatest precaution was taken to pro
toct tho body from wolves and coyotes,
which wore specially dangerous and
ravenous when off the trull of tho buf
falo, Uookt and large pieces of tim
ber were placed on the newly-made
grave, but often these hyenas of the
pluins could be seen scratching and
growling at this dobrls before the
comrades of the dead man were out of
sight With these facts so woll known
it is not strange that many in those
early days preferred a burial in tho
rivers to that of the land. It socins
almost paradoxical to thus And in the
old trapier some of the instincts and
traditions of the sailor. Far out on
the plains cactus was often put In the
grave just over tho corpse as a pro
tection against the wolves and coyotes.
The earlier expeditions starting' from
St Louis went up the Mississippi a
lew muos to tno mourn 01 mo Missouri
river, and then followed the latter
stream. For some time the Old
Boone's Lick country, now known as
Howard county, Missouri, and Old
Franklin were the frontier oommorclal
head. The town of Old . Franklin,
where was the original torminus of
the old Santa Fe trull when Kit Car
son was only an apprentioe to a sad
dler and harness-maker, is how at the
bottom of the Missouri river, for there
a current of seven miles an hour has
cut away the old town site.
Many thousands perished on the
old-time trails to Santa Fe, the Rocky
Mountains and the Paclflo Coast ' Ex
posure, sickness, thirst; starvation and
massacre were the dangers the immi
grant had to face. Many of their
graves were marked with slabs, but
the inscription was soon off accd. These
graves areas unknown in the great
ocean of plain, prairie and mountain
as though the pioneer dead had been
buried at sea. ' .
With the oponing of the Western
trails for wagons a large number wore
buried in boxos made from rude pieces
of lumber, or sometimes a part of the
sideboard of the wagon was utilized
for that purpose. The earlier jexpe
ditions were on horseback, and hence
at that time the best that could be
done would be to roll the body In a
blanket Only those in the iuist who
have seen a burial at sea, although
they may never have been on the
plains, can realize the sadnoss and
desolation of those who left their
friends in the nameless graves of the
old-time American desert Many of
the babies lived that were born on the
California and Oregon trails, but the
saddest of all was when the pioneer
mother and babe were added to the
thousands of nameless graves. The
death couch was a pile nf straw and a
few blankets in an old freight wagon.
If the angels hover over the dying
there never could have been a more
appropriate place for their ministra
tions. Nameless graves! Unknowh!
Only the drifting sands and the cease
less flow of the mighty western rivers
know the place of their nameless
.dead. These are the famous cemeteries
of the far west There are no granite
shafts or beautiful emblems carved in
marble. No one knows where sleep
the thousands who died on these trails.
Even a slab to the "unknown" could
not be placed, for who knows the
grave? Farm houses, fertile fields,
cities and towns, and the rushing rail
way car now mark the spot. - The path
of civilization and the rapid building
of empire in the west is their only
During the cholera days there was
a heavy loss of life on the western
steamboats. On the Missouri river
some of the old boats had a burial
At night time, when the other pas
sengers were hardly aware of what
was going on, the boat would rtop near
a sand bar. The bodies of those who
bad died during the day were taken to
the ahd bar, where they were quickly
burled. What would have been the
use of putting up even a pine board,
for the rising water would boob have
washed it away. , .
' What to Tlrtnet ' '
Th. emperor Sigismund, In oonrer
aatlon with Theodorio, Archbishop of
Cologne, asked the prlmat how ha
ought to act to obtain happiness. , We
cannot aire, expect it in this world."
Which. tha. U the way to happine
hrruw "Vou suunt fcrl virtuous
ly." '-What do you mean by that e.
prcMionr "I nwwn." answered The.
otlorlc. "that you should always pur.
sua that plan of conduct which you
promise to do whilst you are laboring
under a Ct of the gout, indigestion, or
Fart roaearnlaa; ik. Xolla.h and
Pepalarltr Thiwafh OatarlM-
The highly digestible quality of the
oyster considered as food was known
at a very early period. When Sergius
Orata 'ennobled the Lucrine oysters, "
the Kritisb variety was unknown to
the Komana, but Sallust at least fifty
years B. C, says of the Britons tnat
there is some good in them after all
as they produce an oyster. Sergius had
his beds off Balae. and made a profit
out of them, as they were much in re
quest as a preludo to a banquet and
were esteemed besides for their medi
cinal virtues. "They nourish won.
derfully," we are told.' and solicit
rest" being more healing than any
drug or mixture that the apothecary
can compound. The disgusting habits
of the Romans enabled thorn to swal
low ia some cases a thousssd British
oyster at a sitting, but that was when,
as Prof. Huxley reminds us, even
ladies "carried about them peacock's
feathers and other dainty throat
ticklers for the purposo when they
anticipated a more luxurious feed than
Senoca, In the time of Nero, re
nounced both oysters and mushrooms as
mere provocations of appetite, caus
ing those who are already full to eat
more, a thing no doubt very pleasant
to gluttons, who like to stuff them
selves with such food as very readily
slips down and very readily returns."
But in times much more remote oysters
were in vogue. In Denmark and the
northern parts of our island kitchen
middens of tho stone age yield oyster
shells and Prof. Forbes affected to rlly
the enthusiastio oyster eater, who
can hardly gaze upon the abundantly
entombed remains of the apparently
well fed and clngantly-shnped oysters
of our Koccne formation without chas
ing a poarly tear away.'" We can
not believe that oysters ever went out
of fashion with our ancestors. "Os
tro" occurs In Anglo-Saxon, and seems
to bo connected with "ost," a knot a
scale. William the Conqueror is said
tj have esteemed the English oyster
vory highly, and it figures in the menu
of many medi:ivnl feasts, especial
ly in lent Saturday Review.
A Terrible Tragedy.
Several years ago Bishop Hanninar
ton was imprisoned in a Olthy hut in
Usoga, at the northeast cornor of Lake
Victoria. The sick man was scoffed
at and insulted by hundreds of unfeel
ing savnges. At length he was taken
from his hut on the pretense that he
could now go on his journey to
Uganda; but instead he was led to a
plain where he and all h'.s carriers ex.
cept one, who miraculously escaped,
were brutally put to doath. At the
very village where this tragedy was
enacted the Church Missionary
Society, of which Bishop Hanuington
was one of tho leaders, now has a
Impeded by Spider.
In sinking plumb lines down shafts
the accuracy of the work is often
seriously impaired by spiders attach
ing their webs to the lines and draw
ing thorn toward the wall, often with
sufficient tension to Introduce material
errors in the position of the plumb
To be great your opportunity must
come when the world Is looking on.
The undertaker who buried Mrs. Folk
was the same as performed similar offices
tor her husband, l'resideut Polk, 43 years
Cruel men are the greatest lovers of
mercy, avaricious men of generosity, and
proud men of humility that is to say, in
A fisherman in Moosehead Lake hooked
a big togue at S o'clock in the afternoon,
and succeeded In landing him at 9 in the
It does not depend upon me, said the
Urechtn, to prevent being ill spoken of;
it is only in my power that it be not done
' A thief in Massachusetts, a day or two
ago, adopted a novel but effective way to
prevent the man he wok robbing from pro
tecting his property. Entering the room
of a man who only had one leg, he lint
took the precaution to possess himself of
his victim's artificial limb, and then coolly
went through his pockets, securing about
840. .,t. , .
This unique epitaph is found in Cali
fornia: "Here lies tlia body of Jeein Ham
brick who was accidentally shot on the
bank of the Pecos river by a young man.
He was accidentally shot with one of the
largo Colt's revolvers with no stopper for
the cock to rest on. It was one of the
old-fashioned kind brass mounted. And
of such is the kingdom of heaven. "
"We are organizing a piano club. Will
you join!" "Cheerfully! What pianist
ao you propose to club first!" ruck. -'
"How ninny seconds are in a minute!
"Do you mean a real minute, mamma, or
one of your great big wait-a-iuinutest"
, Mr. Puffer (pompously) "Perhaps you
don't know who I am, sir!" Railway
Conductor "Yes, air, I do; you're a pas
senger, that's all." Puck.
"Might I beg for a dance!'' "Certain
ly. How will No. 18 suit!" "Thanks,
but I shall leave before that comes on."
"So shall I." Fliegende Blaetter.
Madison Squeei- "They say that one
half the world doesn't know how the
other half lives." Morrison Essex "The
man who wrote that never lived in a small
Mistress, to new girl, "Whenever we
are entertaining friends, Lucinda, I shall
expect you to wait upon the table." New
Girl "I'll do it mem, but they must do
their own reachin." Chicago Tribune.
Teacher "Try to remember this: Mil
ton, the poet was blind. Do you think
you can remember it!" "Yes, ma'am."
"Now what was Milton's great misfor
tune!" "He was a poet" American
"So Tuffer Is really engaged to Miss
Bond!" "Yes; sudden wasn't it!" "I
should say so. . Love at first sight I pre
sume." "No; not till second sight Yon
see, the first time ha saw her be didn't
know shs was an heiress. "-Detroit Free
"How does It happen," inquired the
stranger, "that all the improvements are
being made on this on street!" "It
doesn't happen as all, air," replied the cit
izen, who was snowing him about the vil
lage, majestically. This is the street 1
live on. I am president of the town board,
air. cntcago ithmhk- - .
ALL SORTS OF WEDDINGS
PAPER. WOODEN AND TIN
THEY WERE CELEBRATED.
kmm Traly festive Owl a Wd dl a g
Kails Maf Ba Marry, Bt Wa4
Mas Uoraa War Oftaa
Weddings were under discussion,
according to the New York Recorder.
-The prettiest wedding I ever attend
ed." said a gay young matron, '-was a
The maid-In -waiting, a pretty
French girl, wore a jaunty cap made
from a , Japanese paper napkin, and
her apron was formed of two or more
of the same articles. Both were trim
ned with strings of rose colored tlssuo
paper. She helped each of the ludy
guests to remove her wraps and then
pinned on, as only a French woman
can, a dainty little cap made from tis
sue paper, giving to the blonde and
brunette the color best suited to her.
"Each gentleman was presented with
a flower of tissue paper and requested
to choose for a partner to the supper
room the lady whose cap matched his
! art and were carried home as souven
irs by the guests.
"In the supper room the paper Idea
was also carried out A fringed yel
low tissue paper was laid the length
of the table; paper nnpkins were at
the plates of the guests; dollies cut to
look like flowers were made from pa
per and laid under the dishes; candle
and lamp shades were all ! paper.
'The fun of the evening culminated
in the bursting of the bonbon bag.
This was a huge one made from two
thicknesses of colored tissue paper
and filled up with bonbons twisted up
in tissue motto papers. 'It took ail
my time for two ' weeks, ' said the
mistress of ceremonies, -to make the
caps and flowers, assisted by Fanchon,
my maid.' Each guest was blind
folded in turn and lod as far as possi
ble from the bog, which hung from
the chandelier. He was then furnish,
ed witn a cane and requested to strike
out boldly and try to hit tho bag. Of
course the room was pretty well clear
ed of bric-a-brao before the fun began.
When at lost a few well directed blows
broke Into the citadel there was a
jolly but undignified scramble for the
sweets scattered about."
We had lots of fun at my own
wooden wedding," said a dark-eyed
lady, whose five years of married life
hod passed lightly over bcr. "1 take
credit for originality, too, at least as
to the trimming of my dress. It was
the white satin in which I bad been
married five years before encircled
with a flounce and side panel, the like
of which had never been seen In New
York society, I am sure. I ordered
quantities of fine, long, curled shav
ings from a carponter and sewed them
around the bottom and up the side.
They looked like fine spun gold and
made the loveliest swish and jingle
when I moved.
"We left no upholstered article of
furniture in tho room, the ruga were
removed, leaving only the polished
floor, and refreshments were served
from wooden platters, For the ioo
cream I found dainty llltlo wooden
cups, in the handles of which a bow of
ribbon was tied. The cream was eaten
with wooden spoons and both cups and
spoons were carried off home as souv
enirs." "I have a vague and shadowy mem.
ory of a tin wedding I once attended,"
said a third "vague and shadowy as
to every part of the entertainment ex.
cept one. It was in the far West,
where society is more unconventional,
and where a spirit ot freedom and
license Is not inconsistent with eti
quette. Tho guests had just assembled
when a most frightful and unearthly
noise was heard in the halL There
was a rush to the door just In time to
see a gentleman in a huge tin pan to
bogganing down the stairs; at the same
time a most deafening serenade of tin
whistles and trumpets heralded this
feat It was funny, there Is no doubt
about that; so funny that you did not
stop to think how undignified it was."
It Owes Its Existence to an Aoolilsnt .
The first hard porcelain made in
Europe for majolica, Palissy ware,
and others of the sort are pottery,'
and not porcelain was the lovely
Dresden wars; and in that line noth
ing has ever been made to exceed its
beauty. Its flowers, its ribbons and
ornaments, are perfection in design
and color; there is a rumor that real
lace is put into tho clay before firing
for the parts representing lace, but
how that may bo we do not know. It
owes Its existence to an accident Tho
chemist who had been imprisoned by
the Elector In order to find the secret
of making gold and of the elixir of
life, having come across some sub
stance resembling porcelain in the bot
tom of a crucible, was unnblo to get it
of a pure tint till a rider one day
found a peculiar white clay on his
horse's hoofs, which he had dried and
sifted and sold for hair-powder, and
tho unfortunate chemist, using it and
observing its weight experimented
with it, and straightway the - great
Dresden ware or Meissen, as it is
more correctly called became a suc
cess, the first eoulptors and oolorlsts
ot the day lending their art to its per
fection. Cruelty, or rather tyranny.
has often attended on Dresden china;
for Frederick tho Great, having sent
great quantities ot this white earth to
Berlin, took captive the best workers
in the Meissen and sent them after it
never allowing them to see home again;
and presently he obliged the Jews in
his dominion to buy the china he thus
manufactured by refusing them mar
riage licenses till they had procured a
service, thus gaining an immense an
nrl revenue. Harper's Bazar.
Wages In Berlin.
The fair wages for skilled female
tailors in Berlin are $1.42 a week.
though they run down to 11.10, and
the working season is a short one-
Good cloakmakers get $1.66 a week.
Young girl workers get from 50 to $1
a week. The price paid for making a
dozen buttonholes by hand is 2 oents.
America Helping Britain.
An American named SewelL at New
Tork, ha established In the Temple,
in the rooms onoe ocoupled by Judah
P. Benjamin, a library ot American
law books for the use ot the British
A V.ry Hard Mat for Mwtara 8r-i.nf.gta
A Cyclone demolished the barn of
Sam McPberaon, of Monroe coun
ty. Ky. Seventy-seven days, later
the workmen who were clearing
away the debris liberated a ben
that had been cooped in narrow
quarters formed by fallen boards and
timbers. In the course of her impris
ocment she had laid an egg. hatched
it and eaten the chicken all but the
feathers and bones. Apparently she
had nothing else to eat
Here arises an interesting question
for economists: Did it pay the hen to
hatch the egg?
In times of dire necessity relf-pre-servation
becomes paramount Cast
away sailors kill their weaker fellow J
and eat them. Famished brutes de
vour even their own offspring. Prob
ably no sentimental considerations
prevented this hen from coolly calcu
lating whether she could lengthen her
days and increase her chances of res
cue by batching out the egg and eat
Ing the chicken, or whether ber
chances would be better if the ate the
egg while it was fresh. Nobody can
say that she did not consider this
grave problem in ail its aspects nnd
that her survival during the teventy
seven days that elapsed before she was
rescued was not the result of her de
cision In accordance with scientific
If there was nothing to eat in the
fortuitously improvised crop, did the
hatched chicken contain more nutri
ment than the unhatched egg? If
more, was the gain at the expense ot
the hen, and did it cost her more than
she received In the way of increased
nutriment? Warmth is necessary to
incubation.. Heat can be produced
n1y by the outlay of energy. If
there was more food in the chicken
than in the egg,, was the excesa suffi
cient to restore to the hen the energy
spared in hatching tho egg? And if
so, was the excess still great enough
to make up for the loss of edible sub
stance through the conversion of part
of the egg Into bones and feathers?
These questions cannot be dismissed
by scientidc men as trivial. They are
worthy of the profoundest thought of
savants. Certainly no other hen ever
was brought face to face with ques
tions from her point of view more
momentous, or which called for
greater nloety In the weighing of
them. N. Y. Sun.
Young Men as Authors.
Keats was dead when just a little
over his twenty-filth year. Shelley
wrote "Queen Mab" at twenty and the
Trometheus Unbound and the "Ode
to the West Wind" at twenty-six. By
ron startled the town with "English
Bards and Scotch Reviewers" at
twenty-one, and attwonty-four "woke
up and found himself famous" by the
publication of 'Child Harold." Burns
was but twenty-seven when he was tho
lion of the season in Edinburgh.
Campbell published his "Pleasures of
Hope" at twenty-two. Chatterton was
not eighteen when he finished his life's
work. The great Shakespeare him
self was famous when little more than
a youth, and the Bamn is true of the
Shakespeare of France, Victor Hugo;
and Goethe, by the by, was known to
all Europe at twenty-four. Scott, on
tho other hand, was more leisurely.
He made no serious effort as an author
till he was over thirty, and he was
over forty when "Waverly" was given
to the world; and Thackeray also was
verging on two-score bofore 'Vanity
Fair" established his reputation.
French-Canadians who move over
the border into New England usually
Anglicize their names in the course of
a generation or sa Dubois becomes
Wood, Des Kuisseux and Larivlere
becomes Rivers, etc, Occasionally
curious freaks in appellation result
from tho practice. Not long ago a
French-Canadian named Noel Roc-
quette took out his naturalization
papers us Christmas Snowshoe.
FACTS AND EVENTS.
New Yorkers who ape the English are
selling their rocking chairs to the dealers
in old furniture.
Something unique in paperweights is a
good-sized atlas, which revolves on a tri
pod from which depends a tiny clock and
A maid of honor to Queen Victoria gets
300 a year, and the service ia said to
entail only about three months? attend
Extremely pointed shoes are slowly but
surely giving place to the round and
most sensible and comfortable style ot
some years ago.
"There ia not a house in Canada from
Sarnia to Cape Breton which does not
contain a Vacant chair for a boy or girl in
the United States," says the Toronto
Brewers in Philadelphia have noticed
that when there is a prolific yield of fruit
there is a great lolling off in the consump
tion of beer. This is particularly the
case when there is an abundant supply of
One cuhlo foot of lead ore weighs 474
pounds, thus a vein of galena or lead ore
one foot wide, six feet high and six feet
long will produce 18,533 pounds, or a vein
one and a half inches wide will net one
ton, three inches wide, four tons, etc.
The London Tid-Bits lately offered a
prize for tho best definition of money.
The prize was awarded to Henry E. Baggs,
ot Sheffield, who defined it thus: "An ar
ticle which may be used as a universal
passport to everywhere except heaven,
and as a universal provider of everything
The biggest blast in the history of Con
necticut was touched off in J. S. Lane's
quarries at Meriden. The blasters drilled
many holes into one side of the quarry,
implanted 500 pounds of dynamite therein
and fired it A mass ot rock that weighed
3,000 tons was sent rolling down the
mountain side, and the detonation was
heard many miles,
California will make a good showing as
a producer of beet sugar this year. The
Chinese factory expects to produce 5,001),.
000 pounds of sugar, the Watsonville fac
tory 8,000,000 pounds, and the Alvarado
factory 2,000,000 pounds. This makes a
total ot 7,500 tons, which seems a large
amount but the United States imports
sugar to the value ot $100,000,000 an
Near Higate, about forty miles west ot
St Thomas. Canada, was discovered the
largest skeleton ot any extinct animal yet
bund. It belonged to the order ot masto
don gigaateua, and measured S3 feet from
nd of nostrils to tip of tall. The tooth
only of on ot these hugs monsters of pre
historic times was dug up recently at
Falling Springs, near Belleville, Miss.,
which weighed 14 pounds and 13 ounces.
UP IN GREENLAND.
IlallgUa Crlaaa Among h Matins
. f That Northern Land.
A good deal was learned about the
satives of Greenland on the second
visit of the members of the Kite expe
dition to Godhaven. ' Though sup
posed to be Christians In the church
sense they have not that obedience
to the creed that would bo necessary
to qualify them for church member
ship in America. The doctrine of
original sin they decline absolutely to
accept says the Chicago Times, and
they refuse also to believe in a hell
not surprising, considering the tern,
perature of Greenland. Gov. Cars
tens imparted this information about
original sin in horrified tones. He
was scandalizod when he learned that
of the party to whom he was speak
ing not one believed In it either.
Sun and moon and great spirit are
the trinity they worship. Not far
from Godhaven is a cave which no
Esquimau passes without throwing ia
some article, even if it is only a hunk
of blubber, to appease the great spirit
It was suggested that this would be
the place for the expedition to acquire!
relics it the cave could bo found.
In former year the Esquimaux
burled with their dead the kayak aud
spear if the deceased was a man and
trie household implements if a woman.
Utilitarian ideas probably did away
with this waste of porsonal property.
At the present time the Esquimaux
go to the Danish churches for the
benefit of the music and singing, which
they greatly enjoy. In religion, as in
everything else, they appear to be
governed by their own traditions.
Mr. Carstens said that in Green-
land there is really no law, and it is
impossible to inflict any punishment
except small fines or minor depriva
tion. If one Esquimau t. killed an
other, or if a member of the Kite ex
peditlon slaughtered a native or follow
member ashore, the Danish govern
ment would be helpless.
Three murders are on record in
Greenland. A wicked Esquimaux in
his kayak overtook an ooruiak or big
skin barge, manned by women, and
wickedly cut a big hole in the bottom.
drowning the pine occupants. Noth
ing could be done about it His fellow-
Esquimaux took no action with a view
to getting even, nnd ho is going around
just the same without much of a blem
ish on his record.
"You could find him in the Omonak
Froid," sold Mr. Carstens. "If any
of you gentlemen care to hunt him up
you can shoot him if you like. He well
deserves it Greenland has no execu
tioner. The inspector can't go around
hanging people. Neither tho gov
ernor nor myself wants the job. No
Esquimau could He Induced to do it"
Mr. Carstens had noted Dr. Keely's
anxiety to get nn Esquimau skeleton,
nnd especially urged the job upon
The second murder was rne of in
fanticide. The third was the killing
of an insane girl. The young woman
was quite obstreperous and the Esqui
maux held a meeting and decided that
they wouldn't stand it any longer.
Ihe doctor had givoa one of them
some carbolized oil for external pur
poses only. They administered a
teaspoonful of it t,o tho girt and she
became crazier than ever. When she
subsided they decided to bury her.
When the doctor looked Into the mat
ter ho decided that sho had been bur
ied alive. Nothing was done about it
COOK AND COWBOYS.
fhe Irishman Cied an Unanswerable Ar
gument and Staid.
Not so very long ago a large band
of cattle was resting up a few miles
from Vinita, in the Indian Territory,
before being driven across the line to
Kansas. The toys belonging to the
outiit were a particularly hard lot and
in six weeks no less than five cooks
had left the camp in disgust says the
San Francisco Call, as no matter what
they did or how well the food was pre
pared the men were sure to growL
The head boss was in a quandary when
the fifth man loft as he knew he would
have a hard job to find another.
To his surprise, however, 60on after
sunrise next morning a short, sinewy
son of Erin walked into camp, and,
after lighting his pipe, sat down on a
dilapidated gripsack and inquired if a
cook was wanted. It did not take tho
boss long to make a bargain with the
man, who said his name was McMil
lan. He was soon installed in hie
position, stowed bis grip away, and
after a wash in the crook, began the
operation of gett'ng dinner. The boys
sized up the new arrival as tho beans
were being dished out, but said
Next morning, however, the fun be
gan. One man asked Mac where he
learned to fry pork; another remarked
that he forgot to put the coffee In the
pot. But he was deaf to all until Joo
Taylor, the biggest man in the camp,
said he would be hanged If he could
eat such biscuit as those, and if there
was no improvement in the grub a
noon the cook would hear something
At the first mention of the biscuit
the pipe fell from Mae's mouth, and he
stood listening until Taylor had fin-
ishod. Ihen walking quietly over to
the wagon, he fished out a pair of
Colt's revolvers and marching up to
the growler, shouted: "You ain't got
no appetite, but you sit down and eat
them biscuit or I'll plug you bofore
you can wink." There was a wicked
look in Mac's eyes as he spoke, and
Taylor saw the cook meant business.
He had a pistol in his belt, but he also
knew that before he could draw It ho
would be a dead man.
"Eat them biscuits!" came tho or
der again, while the rest of the crowd
sat around with a grin taking In the
fun. There was no help tor it so Tay
lor sat down and before Mac let him
go he had eaten every biscuit in the
pan. and was stuffed so full he could
, "I thought you would find your op
petite," said Mac. Then turning to
the rrJt of the boys, ho asked: "How's
coffee?" Every one replied that it
was fine, and all agreed that the pork
was cooKed to a turn. Mao stayed
with the outfit several months, and
when he left the boys swore he was
the best cook west of the Mississippi
The Poor Voung Man "Mr. Croesus, I
would like to marry your daughter."
Old CreoMU "Ah I you lovo her, airl''
Ths Foor Tonng Mas "Madly." Old
Crcesns "Which one!" The Poor Young
Man "Oh, either ot them. "Harper's
OBTAIN . CHICAGO -. PRICES FOR YOUB
Jih9WA7mi9g Ui V.Sip y"r Butter, Poultry, Eggs, Veal.
Hay. Crai.n. Wool. Hides. Beans. Broom Corn, TTreen and
Dried Fruits. Vegetables-or auytniug yon have to us. The fact that you
may have been selliug thus articles at home for years, is no reason that you
should centinue to do so. if you can find a better market. We m?ke a specialty
of receiving shipments direct from FARMERS AND PRODUCERS, and
iwubuij ubto uic la-gBi, irauo iu mm way oi any nous in this market. Whilst
you are looking around for the cheapest market in whieh to buy your goods and
thus economizing in that way, it will certainly pay you to give seme attention to
the best and most profitable way of disposing of your produce. We invite cor
rwpondence from IPfDIVIOUALS. ALLIANCES, CLUBS, and all organisations who de
sire to ship their produce direct to this market. If requested we will send you
free of charge our daily market report, shipping directions and such informaUoH
as will be of service to you. if you contemplate shipping. When so requested
proceeds for shipments will be deposited to the credit of the shipper with any
wholesale house in Chicago. Let us hear frora you. ll-3m
Summers Morrison & Co.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS 175 South Water St, CHICAGO,
Rafereneo: Metropolitan National Bank, Cklrairo.
Solid, Whole Stock Kip Boot&
am w -w. w
jName ana price stamped on every
Boot Evidence of faith in the
quality of the goods.
ED. G. YATES,
C. W. LYMAN,
WHOLESALE LUMBER '-. AND '-, GOAL
Special Rates to Farmers'
Rooms 17 and 18 Montgomery
Corner 11th and N
DO Y06I 61SE GATES?
EUREKA TUBULAR GATE,
-ft r i 4
The Best and Cheapest Gate Ever Placed on the Market.
The tboTS out shows ths ordinary 10 foot gate. Thtj ars alio mae 12 and 14 foot
tticts to admit binders, eto.
Prae'.ical teste nude during the pait four years has proTtd ths Eoreki superior to say
gate made. Botioe the following pci ate of superiority:
8TBXNOTH The frame is made of wrought iron tube 1 1-2 inohes in diameter, so braced
(gee eat) ss to giro great strength and resisting qualities. It H the itiffest and strongest gats
U the world, i
LIOHTNESS The entire full eiied gats complete only weighs fifty pounds, and swings
on its bincas at the lUghtest teach.
DURABILITY Being all iron and steel, it is praotteally indsitrue table.
BASE 07 6ETTIH0 UP Tho eye baits and nuts aro all furnished oomplete, also tho chain,
hook and staples to fasten the gate. All the farmer has to do is to place his gate poets tho
proper distanoe apart, bore a half iooh hole for the hinge bolts and screw up.
USEFULNESS They aro especially adapted for use with wire fenees; catch no snow ia
winter, are not aSeoted by tho wind, and being so light they oan be readily placed where moot
CHEAPNESS There is no other gate possessing all the qualities that this one dsss that
oan be eold for the same moaey.
THOUSANDS of these gites are in use in Iowa, and throughout the eastern states. Flat
taring indorsements received from
Farmers, Stockmen, Railroad Companies and All Others
A number of different styles made suitable for all
Order a Sample Gale and You will Use no Other.
3. W. HAKTLET, ALLIANCI STATE AGENT HAS XADX AR&ANOEltENTS BOB SELL'
TNO THESE GATES DIBECI TO BTEKBZBS Of THE '
ALLIANCE AT BACTOBT PKICBS.
For Clrenlan, Pries Lists tad Full Information, Call or or Writs tc
JT- W ITATlTTiiur, StAte Aeexxt,
Or ta the EUBEXA 0ATE CO, Waterles, lows.
Alliance In Car Lots.
Bl'k. Write for Prices-
St., Lincoln, Neb.
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