The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, November 05, 1891, Image 2

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In lfe
ll 1 M4 i .
Uoo tatofwt M bow Meg taken
la what U terrtu-d paternalUm. The
fmoplf are being warned of the bane
tut HeeU of paternalism and the im
plication goos that paternalism U alt
wrong. ratnmaUm U for protection.
Tb prime purpose of government ia
for protection. This Involve an inti
mate acquaintance with th condl
ttou and need of the peopla. I',
require and even demand a strict
and thorough consideration of the in
terest of the people. No paternal
ism; no government; no protection;
bo prosperity or oven existence iUelL
The organized purpose of government
Is to protect the people in their per
sons and their property and maintain
oca conditions as will secure the
largest measure of human happiness.
The object of the government is to
protect the weak by restraining the
strong; "equal rights and equal priv
ileges should be guaranteed to alL
This involves incessant paternalism;
ternal vlgilence is the price of
liberty." Since government is for pro
tection its functions are to determine
what are the most efficient means to
Insure that protection. It is a recog
nized principle of justice that labor
should have its full reward, and that
essSitiess subversive cf this prisciplo
should be removed, and that whatever
stands in the way of justice should
hare government correction. This
correction or supervision of govern
agent (paternalism) should be made
without any unnecessary drain upon
fha substance of the people. The right
and duty of the general government
to furnish something to represent the
surplus products of the people as a me
dium of exchange is recognized and
approved by all, and that representa
tive (money supply) should be ample
la volume or quantity to do the busi
ness of the country without loss or
detriment to the producers of the
country, and that a volume of stable
currency should increase or decrease
according to the demands of trado; in
other words, keep pace with the busi
ness interests of the country. As
money is the representative of the val
ue of products, and as a medium for
the exchange of products, it should
have volume or quantity adequate
to this exchange of products, and
have it too without needle dolay
or cost, Why should not these pro
ducts themselves bo made the basis
for such issue of money, or such of
them as are of prime necessity and of
universal demand, have durable quan
tities and groat uniformity of produc
tion; such articles cf prime necessity
are furnished by. the producers and of
a non-perishable character, that they
may be held until needed for con
sumption. Why not moke these rep
resentative products of prime necessity
the basis lor the issue of money, and
that, too, upon the products furnished
by that class who compose 44 por
cent, or noarly halt the population,
rather than base the issue of money
upon the products of gold and silver
nines of an uncertain quantity, and
not at all corresponding to the prod
ducts of the farm or the needs of com
merce or trade, and such basis of is
sue (gold or silver mines) owned and
controlled by 1 per cent of the popula
tion? If the issue of money based
upon the products of gold and
silver mines of this and other coun
tries, and that product owned and con
trolled by a few thousand porsons, is
not class .egislatloa, how can the issue
of money bated upon the products of
80,000,000 of people be class legisla
tion? No legislation that benefits any
class and does no injustice to any other
class can be called unjust or class leg
islation. Louisiana Alliance Farmer.
An Fxample,
A farmer in Michigan sold his farm
of 100 acres in 1861 for $100 per acre
-sot an extravagant price at that time
and received (10, 000. With this he
bought $1 0,000 of U. S. bonds, bear
ing 6 per cent interest in com. These
bonds furnished an income of f 600 por
annum, and loft him free to dispose of
his own labor as he saw fit Ills labor,
tog-other with the Income from the
bonds, supported his family without
adding to or taking from the original
amount received as proceeds from the
sale of the farm. In 1S73 the 6 por
cent bonds were exchanged for 4 por
cent bonds due In 1907. At present
rates of premium his bonds are worth
$15,000. How is it with the pur
chaser of the farm? For the
first few years the business of farm
ing paid him a profit, but since 1873
his profits have been less, until a stale
of positive loss has boon reached. As
it it now stands, he Is an old man; his
best energies gone. His farm is less
fertile, his buildings old and weather
beaten. He has no more stock than
when he began, and the farm that
cost him $10, 000 twentysix years ago,
upon which ho has expended all the
labor of the best yoars of his life, can
not be sold for $4, 000. But the money
with which it was purchased has in
creased in its power over values until
now it will buy more than three just
such farms. Is there not something
beyond free trade and protective tariff
In this example? Alliance Tribune.
Arranged to Suit.
When it suits the purpose of the
middlemen they toll us that the farm
ers are all rich and prosperous. When
they wish to bear the market for grain
they tell us now, that
Prominent wheat dealers on tho
Produce Exchange say tho Alliance
wheat circulars will have little or no
effect The farmers, with few excep
tions, they say, are bound to sell at
once in order to liquidate certain dobts.
The poorer farmers, who largoly out
number the richer, cannot afford to
hold their wheat or speculate with it
They are receiving good prices for
their product and it is doubted whether
the majority could effect a combino if
it was desired." Sentlnf l
What Hien?
Suppose the people of Kansas should
take it Into their heads to elect a
pure judiciary men who would con
sider the claims of justice rather than
musty precedents of a forgotten past,
or a stretching of the law to cover the
demands of corporate influences in
short, men who entertain ideas in
harmony with the Alliance de
man da, and this in spite of tho cry
of the old party political hacks that
the good name and credit of the state
is in danger, what then? In other
words and direct to the point what
will yeu Republicans and Democrats,
wh srs fomMnlrif Ui dofeal ths r.
pl' party ia M'rnl judicial district
la this slaw, do if ths JVopls party
Ipct their candidate? Ths rank and
CI of your partla would submit, but
we'll tell you what your loader ars
fully capable of doing.
If ths worst come to the worst to
this country In which the content for
the supremacy comes to a final Imu
between the peopla on the one hnd
and the money power on the other,
there are hundreds of leaders ia both
of the old parties that would be the
faithful allies of the money power.
It i entirely possible for tha peo
ple in their aggressiveness, in this
work of overthrowing the plutocratic
influence in bringing this country to
it present condition, to bring down
upon themselves the dangers of armed
intervention from Great Britain in
obedience to the demands of the Eng
lish money power.
When we consider that 55 per cent
jf oit railroads. 45 per cent of farm
mortgage indebtedness are owned by
English capitalists, with millions up
on millions invested in mines, manu
facture, state, county and municipal
securities, it is possible that the time
may come when England may be call
ed upon to protect British Interests in
the United States, as she has done on
several occasion in other countries.
and we have men here in thia country
American citizens, leader in tha
two old parties, who would prove
themselves tories and aid the English
money power.
We have had men in congress for a
quarter of a century soiling them
selves for British gold, with more
treason in their hides than was ever
conceived by Benedict Arnold.
Benedict Arnold, if he bad succeed
ed la delivering West Point into the
hands of the enemy could have not
entailed more injury upon his country
than John Sherman has done in the
laet twenty years.
We are not an alarmist but we
want to say that if we ever have war
in this country between labor and cap
ital and statesmen have prophesied
as much for fifty years, English Influ
ences will bring It about and it will
come under the guise of protecting
vested rights and the blow will be
struck against and to suppress the
clamoring of the common or laboring
people, and whon ib comes all snob
ocracy will be arrayed against the
people. Alllanco Tribune.
Government Loans,
Frequently the question is asked,
"How will loans from the government
assist the mechanlo or day InborerP"
Let us investigate this matter a little
and soe. To-day in this country one
of the greatest evils that common la
borers and mechanics are reaping from
the present financial stringency is ths
lack of employment To-day thou
sands of willing hands can find nothing
to do, and their families are suffering
for the want of even the simple neces
sities of Ufo. Now let us see a little
further. A direct loan to those who
could give imperishable seourity would
relieve this , financial stringency by
groatly augmenting the amount of the
circulating medium, and reducing the
amount of interest The trouble is
that the rate of interest is so high that
money is withheld from needed im
provement and extensive repairs. Bays
the Workman and Farmer. Those
farmers who own farms are compollod
to hold their expensoa down to
the lowest possible ebb, thus
employing the laboring man only
when it is impossible to dis
pense with his services in the crop
soason. XI the amount or monoy
could be increased by a direct loan at
a low rate of interest, tho farmer
would fool that he could pay that
small rata of interest and expend the
money on the Improvement of his
iarm. Those thickets that have for
years been neglooted will be cleared up
and put under cultivation, thus adding
to the productiveness of the country;
those low swags in tho fields that have
for mnny seasons boon worse than use
loss will be undordralned and mado to
be the most productive part of the
farm; tho old barn will be repairod and
a bettor result from tho wlntor feeding
will be attained, the houso will bo
workod over and additional con
veniences and ornaments added. This
will cause a general awakening in tho
industrial pursuits. Tho day laborer
will bo in domand every day In the
year, and tho skilled mechanic will
find much additional work to do, and
as the domand for labor to a great ex
tent governs the prices, wages would
bo higher in all the industrial pursuits.
Thus tho country would be greatly im
proved and adorned, and the laboring
classes would indirectly share tte pros
Tho Plow and Hammer: Benjamin
Franklin said: ''When you are in
debt you give anothor power over your
liberty." The Republican league
manifesto says: "Our debts stand for
our investments and not for our losses.
They represent our enterprise and not
our misfortunes, our property and not
our poverty." We don't know how )
you feel about this, but with Frank-
lin's reputation for honesty and integ
rity, aod the Republican party's rec
ord of dishonesty and infamy, we pre
fer to think Franklin is right
Tho Milton Star: The idea of a
partisan press withholding any favor
able Alliance news from tho masses, in
the hope that it will Inure to tho in
jury of the organization, is just as
mean as it will provo futile. The va
rious state annual meetings as they
are being held disclose the fact that
the growth of the Alliance still con
tinues phenomenal. Thousands of sub
Alliances and several states have been
organized during the past year. Tho
older organizations are increasing in
numbers whera the material has not
all been exhausted. Better still, tho i
membership Is daily growing more de-
termmed to have at all hazards relief
from moneyed oppression. ,
The Cotton Plant: The News and
Courier evidently thought it had a
vinch'1 on tho Alliance whon it re
published an alleged expose of our se
cret work. We dislike to spoil its
fun; but truth compels us to say that
this office had copies of that expose
sont in several weeks ago, clippod by
wide-awake Alliance men in remote
soctions of the state, from the New
York Sun. The Alliance has been
smiling over tho matter all this time;
and now after so long a time, ' when ;
our "live" con temporary publishes it
as news, the Alliance is smiling again.
What f'or
It !-
arrhr dm.
IVrtalnly I Dover was a happy but
twlrs before in Ufa write W. F.
Wlna la ths Economist and that wm
when I got religion and when I rot
married. I am jut ia receipt of a
partial list of ths reform newspaper
of tho United States. Paper ia Eng
lish, paper in German, papers in
Spanish. O that I could speak all tho
languages at once, that I might do the
subject justice! Just think of the dis
turbance these tarns journals are rais
ing! Sheol in liquid Spanish, gehenna
in gutters! German, old-fuahloned hell
in plain English. No wonder the Bar
ing lirot. became dUcombobarated and
the Salton Lake makes it lively for a
cr rtain railroad. What is the country
coming to, when the farmers are print
ing papers by the hundreds? One each
in Connecticut South Carolina, Ver
mont and Wyoming; three each in New
Jersey, Oregon and Alabama; four
each In District of Columbia, Florida,
Maine (how yer was. Brer Blaine?);
Maryland and Oklahoma, I.T. ; five each
in Georgia (same to you. Bra Gordon),
Massachusetts (yea indeed Brer But
ler, ) the climate of New Orleans i
shockingly salubrious) and New Mex
ico (here's looking toward you, Vox
del Pueblo); six each in Mississippi
(Urer George's state, yer know, and
Bro. Burkitt's), North Carolina (my
heart and all the balance of my anat
omy is with you, Bra Polk) and
Washington; seven in Wisconsin; eight
each in Tennessee (Bra McD. ttill
holds the fort) and Virginia; nine in
Kentucky (just now the great summer
resort of reformers and the home of
Brer Walterson, than whom there's no
whomer); ten each in Louisiana (the
farmer ask no 2 per cent bounty, only
a loan on a low rate on good security)
and Pennsylvania (they want no tariff
for protection, either); eleven in Ar
kansas; thirteen each in Colorado,
Michigan and Minnesota (Bro. Ma
cuno. you will ploase give meaning of
Dor Forttschritt and Bond me a copy);
twenty-one in California; twenty-two
each in New York (the habitat of Wall
street and the man who holds dyna
mlto convictions on the silver ques
tion and who seems to be the left
bower of the monoy power, Brer
Blaine is the right bower) and Ohio
(tho icicle state) ; twenty-four in South
Dakota (whose blizzards, like her Al
liancemen, are immense); twenty-six
in Texas (may your shadow never be
abbreviated, Bro. Jonos); twenty-nine
in Illinois (the Big Three State);
thirty in Indiana (a word signify
ing in the original tongue "blocks
of five," its modern significance is
a bandbox, inasmuch as it Is the re
pository of grandpa's hat) ; thirty-seven
in Ohio (whose Liberty Bell lacks a
blamed sight of being cracked) ; forty
nino in Missouri (on passant Brer Hall,
if Newspaper reports and Local News
be Truth, you Advocate strange doc
trines as a National Reformer and Al
liance Defender to tho Labor World to
expect to be the Nominee of the Inde
pendent party at least so it seems at
this Crisis to an Alliance Watchman;
you write with tho wrong end of tha
Quill in giving Alliance Pointers and
Farmers News through the Weekly
Mall those perilous Times, and un
questionably you Ledger self strike
with tho wrong edgo of tho Blado in
your Appeal to the Weokly Unions to
uuiko W eekly Progress among Inter
state Echoes, so to speak) ; eighty in
Nobraska and 187 in Kansas, aslato
familiarly known to all school boys
and girls as the Sockloss State," it
being against the religion of Kansas to
wear soaks. It is said that the defeat
of Ingalla Is wholly attributed to his
disregard of this custom, which, it
seoms, is peculiar to Kansas; however,
Ingalls and hU kind seom peculiar to
Alliaucomcn all over the United States,
llgures Tell the Story.
In England and Wales om hundred
persons own 4,000,000 acres. In Eng
land In 1887, one-thirteenth of tho peo
ple owned two thirds of the national
Seventy persons own one-half of
Scotland; 1, 00 own nine-tenths; twelve
per cont own 4,016, 000 acres.
In Ireland loss than
eight hundred
persons own one-half
mombers of tho houso
iuo mnu; ivs
of lords own
14,250,012 acres, which rents for $57,
864.630. Tho total number of tenant
farmers In England, Scotland and
Wal9 is LOGO, 631), and of these Ire
land furnishes 674,222 and England
England's war debt is $3, 600, 000,000
and the eastern bond holders fatton on
an interest of $313,001, 360 annually
drawn from the industrial population
of that country.
In London relief was given to 88, 16 i
paupers in one week. It takes 14. 000
policemen to guard London's popula
tion. In tho United States seventy persons
are worth $700, 000, 000-and less than
fifty of these can control the currency
and commerce of the country on a
day's notice. Ono hundred are worth
$300,000,000 and 24,000 own over ono
half the total wealth. Tho census
shows that the railroads of the coun
try own 231,000,000 acres of land and
foreign and domestic syndicates 84,
000.000, making a total of 365.000,
000. In New York city 10,000 of tho 2,
000,000 inhabitants own nearly tho
whole city, and only 13,000 own any
real estate.
In Chicago population 1,200.000
less than three and one-half per cent
own all tho real estate.
Total number of millionaires, SO,
000. " Total number of people out of work,
over 1.000,000.
The number of tramps, 500,000.
Ex-soldiers in poor houses, 60,000;
bondholders, tiono.
Estimated that 10,000 children dio
from lack of food in this country an
nually. There were 57.000 homeless chil
dren in the United States in 1880.
In New York 400,000 working wo
men are so poorly paid that they must
accept charity, sell their bodies or
starve. In one precinct twenty-seven
murdered babies were picked up; six
in vaults.
New York has 1,000 millionaires.
Cleveland Citizen.
Xne People's Forum: Protection
protects the wrong man. Witness tho
wealth of Carnegie, Rockefeller, et
ai, and the pittance paid their labor
ers who produce their wealth.
5 the night of
the 16th of
June, 188-, I
awoke with a
loud cry, went
over to the
aa well as I
could in the darkness, and lit a
match. My nervous terror had peo
pled the room with all kinds of hor
rible mental images, which, wrought
to a high pitch of excitement, my im
agination had conjured. I was glad
when a flood of yellow gas-light dis
sipated them, and showed to me the
remotest corners of my bachelor
quarters, with a glimpse of myself, in
the big mirror opposite, with a face as
white as the sheets of my deserted
bed. I looked at my watch. It was
ten minutes after midnight.
I took a cigar from the mantel
piece I am a great smoker and
sat down for a moment to try and
collect my ideas. I had had u hor
rible dream.
The taking of the cigar, the lighting
and the smoking of it were all mechan
ical actions which I performed readi
ly. W hen, however, I began to try
recall some particulars ol my
dream, my mind displayed a sluggish
ness in grasping the salient points of
the mental vision which had come be
fore me in my sleep which surprixed
me. And yet my dream had been
most vivid and most terrible.
My mind had been wandering a long
way off iu that fitful unrest. I had
dreamed that I had been in Paris,
and that I had seen a murder.
I had never been in Paris. Where
had I heard of the Kue de Keverdy?
It was in that street that my dream
had been located. It all came back to
mens I sat there pulling away. I
could see the victim of my nightmare
lying upon the hearthrug of a rather
foreign-looking room, well furnished,
with paintings and other art objects
upon the wall. The murdered man -for
I had "een a man stagger and fall
in my sleep presented a dreadful
sight. Blood oozed from a terrible
gash in his throat. Through the open
window the yellow glare of the street
lamps flickered feebly in the light of
the early dawn. Around me I heard
the rush and roar of a great city
awakening toanotli-erduy. Altogether
I had had a horrible dream.
I am, as you know, an artist. Be
ing a Chicago man, I prefer to paint
Chicago pictures. I don't believe all
this humbug about a man not being a
prophet in his own country, A paint
ing of one of our railronti depots at
night, almost finished stood on its
easel in an adjoining room, which I
used as a studio. I had gone to bed
the night before, intending to rise
early and throw in some more figure
work in the mid lie distance. There
was just space enough left for a man
and a woman. I thought I would
throw in one of those parting scenes
which we casually see in railroad de
pots, and which are sometimes so
I went out and stood before the
picture, a little drowsily; but soon
wide-awake, and staring open-mouthed
at my canvas. The man and wo
man, just as I had conceived them in
my mind when I lay down to sleep the
night previous, had been painted.
I looked long and earnestly at the
picture, and felt my senses beginning
to leave me. The features of the man
i had painted must have painted,
unconsciously during the night were
the features of the man lying murder
ed in my dream, in the Rue de Kever
dy, in the City of Paris.
The most remarkable thing, how
ever, about this sleep work was thai
I had entirely altered my plans
regarding the two figures. In
stead of placing them in the
middle distance I had brought them
boldly into the foreground. There
they stood, the man and the woman.
He, a tall, dark, rather handsome fel-
; KA(i ,Pfm.l f. rf ,), wUn.-h nrr.isr.
tvne. an-J stronc. well-knit limbs, and
. altogether a hopeful, brave bearing
wmcu seemed to say: "Lournge, we
will meet again." She, a woman not
over 20, with a tender face, on which
were traces of lecent tears, with red
dish, Titcianesque hair, blown in
graceful confusion across her charm
ing eyes and low, white forehead,
as she stood with one tiny,
gloved hand in his, and held up tho
other with the finger-tips just resting
on ins siiouwer,
I stood for fully five minutes looking
at these two figures. There was one
more remarkable thing about them
Not only were they different in stylo
and treatment from anything I had
ever painted before, but they were ab
solutely faultless in drawing and col
oring. It was tho finest bit of figure
work I had ever done in my life. I was
absolutely dazed, confounded. If I
could paint like that in my sleep, the
sooner I discovered the receipt for do-
ing it bad dreams or no bad dreams
-tho better lor my reputation as an
It was undoubtedly the finest bit of
worK l naa ever accomplished, it was
the making of the whole painting; and
it at once suggested the title.
Seizing a brush, I painted it in one
corner of the canvas, with my name
and the date.
I caHed the picture "Good-bye."
It was only 1 o'clock in the morning.
I was getting drowsy again. I went
back into my bedroom, cot into bed
and slept soundly.
I take my breakfast at the Cafe
Mazarin, on Michigan avenue, every
morning. It is handy and close to
my studio. I do not, as a usual thing,
sit down to it before 9 o'clock, which is
a late hour to breakfast m Chicago
The waiter, however, always keeps a
copy ot the Jailv Trumpet forme.
He sees that I have it, clean and free
lrom cofice-stainsand ot her objection
able reminders of breakfasts which
have preceded mine, clos alongside
my plate in the particular place bv
the window he always reserves for me.
The "Daily Trumpet" was there
that morning as usual. I ordered my
breaktast ana ocean to read.
Almost the first thing my eye fell on
was a foreign telegram, bearing a Paris
"A horrible murder was committed
early this morning in the RuedeRever
dy. An artist named Guisac is the vic
tim. Guisac was found in his studio by
the conclerce with his throat cut from
ear to ear. Deceased wa3 a man ranking
WcH ia th rrfrMiofi, Hi pir tnre
"L Bernhardt," hum in the last
year' salon, brought lum prominent
ly into notice. The murderer is still at
The p per fell from my hand. I
l-aiii back in my chair a prey to a
variety of the strangest emotions
which eer agitated the human breaxt.
I cannot convey any idea of the ex
traordinary impression produced on
my mind by the reading of the para
graph. I hung around town in a morbid
condition for two or three days. At
the end of that time I determined to
start for Paris,
1 took with me in my mind a photo
graph of the picture which I had fin
ished in my sleep. I was profoundly
affected by the whole affair, and said
nothing to anybody.
The ocean trip somewhat restored
my mental equilibrium. By the time
1 arrived in Paris I had persuaded
myself that I had added the two fig
ures to the picture in my waking mo
ments, and that over application to
my beloved art had brought on a
temporary lapse of memory.
I had even persuaded myself that
my dream and its confirmation by
cuble in the morning paper were mere
Still I was possessed of an insatiable
longing to solve this mystery.
I put up at a little hotel off the Rue
D'Antoine, and slept soundly with the
roar of Paris in my ears.
Next morning I sent for a commis
sionaire. I am a very tolerable French
"What is your best paper here?"
was my first question.
"There are several," was the reply.
"The Gullois is a good journal as
good as any, in fact."
"Go and get me the Gallois of date
June 17."
In half an hour it was in my hands.
I soon found the account of the mur
der. And enormous headline called
attention to it. It hadbeen evidently
the sensation of the day. There was
a column and a half of it, as well as
an editorial consisting largely of hints
to the police as to- how they should
best discover the murderer.
By reading these, I found out that
the murder had been commited shortly
after 5 o'clock on the morning, the
body having been found at a little
after 0 by the concierge, when it was
still warm. Roughly estimating tho
difference in time between Paris and
Chicago at five and a half hours, Mon
sieur Guisac must have met his death
at about the time when I dreamed I
saw him lying with his throat cut,
upon the hearth-rug
Impelled now by an irresistible im-
Eulse to sift this mystery to to the very
ottom, I called upon tjie Prefect of
Police, and persuaded him to permit
me to visit the scene of the murder.
I told him nothing. To this day he
believes I was impelled to it by mere
curiosity. The body of tha dead
artist had been removed, of course,
but nothing in his rooms hadbeen dis
turbed. I trembled violently as I en
tered tho vestibule, and turned some
what pale.
The officer who accompanied mo no
ticed that I was visibly affevted.
"Monsieur finds it to warm," he
said politely and threw up a window.
winch room was the stumor' 1
asked, my voice strangely thick and
husky. Instinctively I dreaded to
enter the apartment which had been
the scene of that horrible nightmare,
the influence of which was now begin
ning to reassert itself strangely. My
heart almost ceased beating as the
officer threw back the portiere, and
passing by him I entered the apart
A small painting stood unon an
easel near one of the windows. With
uncertain footsteps, and a brain whirl
ing with the strangest emotions which
every man experienced, I approached
it. 'ihere was not quite light enough
to see it distinctly. I drew up the
curtain and let the sunlight stream in
to the darkened chamber.
The n-ext moment I had uttered a
loud cry, tottered and fallen hepless
upon my kness, at the foot of the
There, upon a small canvas, was a
sketch in oil, colored and drawn with
a master-hand. It was a study of
two persons, in the act of leave-taking.
They stood bodly in the fore
ground of Hie picture. A tall, rffk,
handsome man, the counterpart, of
the figure in my Chicago picture, with
tho same sad and striking expression
on his face with the brave soul shin
ing through it; a woman, the very
reproduction of this conception and
execution of my sleeping moments,
on whose tender face, the trace of re
cent tears was marvellously delineat
ed, and about whose low white fore
head and over whose charming eyes
her hair, of Titiancsque red,' was
blown by the breeze, leant with one
hand upon the man's shoulder and the
other hand clasped m his. I looked at
the title, and amazement grew upon
amazement. It was also tho very
counterpart of my own. The pic
ture was named "Les Adicux."
The voice of the officer aroused me:
They say there is a romantic story
connected with that picture. You
see it ia tho portrait of Monsieur
Guisac painted by himself. The
woman he was to have been married
to, but they quarreled and parted
just a week before he committed
"Monsieur Guisac was not murdered
"No. That was the theory nt first,
but it was afterward abandoned.
Mile. Helene Michaud that was the
lady's name came forward and
threw an entirely new light upon the
subject. A more through search ot
Monsieur Guisac's eificts revealed a
small package. It coivtained his will.
in which he stated his intention of
taking his own life and bequeathing
to Mile. Helene Michaud everything
ne naa in tne world.
I had been captivated by the
picture of the woman with the tender
face and Titi.anesque hair. I souaht
her out and spoke to her concerning
1.U A-..- Ji .1. - H r - y-,
iiieirugic ueuui oi iuonsieur uuisac.
"He had wronged another woman,"
she said coldly. "I told him to go to
ner; tnat l naa done with him for
She was unmoved. She smiled upon
me with her charming eyes. I was
disgusted and left Paris. When I
reached Chicago I found an ollicious
friend had been talking about mv
picture. Orders have flowed in upon
me since, and the name of George
Courtenay has become famous in the
world of estern art; but the inspira
tion which was derived lrom my
spiritual jointure with the man who
suicided in the Rue do Reverdv has
died with him, and unique among the
productions of my brush stands the
painting which is known to the art- j
loving public as "Courtenay's Goodbye."
line Yr
Wolesale Lumber Merchants.
2Qth and Izard Sts-, Omalia, Neb
Farmer and Con turner trade solicited,
J. O.
Wholesale and Retail Lumber.
Telopiion TOL
0 Btroet between 7th and 8th. Ulnooln, 1tl
Has Fairly Earned a First-class Patronage.
Good meals served in a quiet home-like manner with moderate
prices cannot fail to please.
138 South 12th St LINCOLN, NEB.
We carry the best Boots and Shoes in the city. "We think
we can suit you and fit your feet. We also make the best shoes
in the city. Give us a call We think we can satisfy you by giv
ing you good honest Boots and Shoes. VM
1228 0 StlincolD, Neb. Warner & Wolfanger.
Fttlhetle Description of the Life of th
Child la tha Hill.
Baby Laurie had been two years in
the mill, although the law of the com
monwealth said she could not be em
ployed there under fourteen years ot
age. A convenient lie has been told
the mill owners did not ask embar
rassing questions, and so two years
were gained by her parents ia her
years of toil. She had never been a
robust child, but the t wo years of con
finement had depleted her still further,
and to-day she hardly felt able to stand
on her feet at alL She feared that
she should drop down in a faint as she
had done once or twice, and as girls
did every day in some part of the milL
But she exerted all her will to over
come her weakness, and struggled on
In tha meantime, her mother, nnglnct
iog the few household duties she
usually performed, sat gossiping
with a slip-shod neighbor in the
alley around the corner. Her two
boys had been sent to another factory
for the day even before ltuby was
started. To see that they wore on
time and to. cook some easy, unappe
tizing dish for their dinner was her
day's work. Once in a while 6he
washed out a few shabby garments.
Still more rarely she scrubbed out the
family room. But for the duties of a
housekeeper she had no taste, and of
the real requirements of a healthful
family life she had no knowledge. She
had been a mill girl herself all her
early years and like tho most of her
class had been spoiled for domestic
life. She had worked in the mills
even after her marriage until the
cheaper fashion of child labor had
come in, and she could get no employ
ment there. Now she idled away her
days in that shiftless fashion com
mon to women of her class, saw
no harm in allowing her ch to
be sent to the mills as soon ad the
mills would take them.
While she sat on the neighbor's
doorstep, John Laurie, her husband,
sat in tho nearest grog-shop playing
cards with a group of iu'lors liko him
self. Ho was one oT tho vast army of
the unemployed. The mill towns are
full of them. Tho closeness of com
petition causes the mill owners to
seek the cheapest form of labor, and
ia this way tho mills are filled with
children, whilo their parents spend
their time in idleness. We have in
this country now a million wage-earning
children and a million adults un
employed. This frightful reversal of
the social order is seen at its worst in
the large manufacturing cities.
Wearily went the hours at, the milL
The listless faces of tho littlo girls
grow haggard. All of them were ill
fed at home, some went hungry. Shift
less mothers neglected to get meals
ready on time, and some came to their
work in the morning with nothing
better than a crust of bread to sup
port them through a long forenoon.
The best cared for were far from
healthy: tho worst were pitiful to be
hold. In some homes thero was rough
plenty, even wasted. Whore the
mother was efficient thoro was some
comfort. Where tho father was in
temperate there was horriblo extremi
ty. Where the mother was intemper
ate, there was the desolation of death.
All kinds were represented here. The
heartless cupidity of tho corporation,
the sordid minds of some parents and
the helpless improvidence of others,
had brought about a state of things
wherein nature was reversed, where tho
child toiled that tho parent might be
idle; where the mature strength of
men and women was sapped by idle
ness, while tho immature bodies of
children wero dwarfed and destroyed
by excessive toil There can be but
one result of such a social order, and
that disaster. To believe tho disas
ter already como you had only to visit
the great Morton mill on tho day of
which I writo and take note of tho
little army of children held there in
such cruel captivity.
At six o'clock they camo pouring
out of the factories by the hundred.
Boys and girls, none over fifteen years
of age. Many of them but ten. Tho
all-benevolent law said boys should
not work until twelve, but parents and j
bosses conspired to make the law a I
dead letter. Indeed, most of tho laws
upon this subject are carefully framed
to be avoided. From a storv of mill
life, by Hattie Tyng Griswold, ia the
Union SignaL
.or eta a.
A forty-one acre farm. All first bot
tom laad, in a high state of cultivation.
Good bouse and barn. Plenty of wood
and water. A bearing orchard, etc.
The arm net adjacent to the Tillage of
fusion. Enquire of M. F. Reynolds,
M. P. f 1 C".
Wr'ts u for price delivered at your
Notice to Coal Consmers.
I have been able to complete arrang
meats whereby we are better ab.e
than we have been heretofore to make
satisfactory prices on all grades of
Canon City aud Trinidad coal, as well
as the best grades of Northern Colo
rado coal, over any line ef road run
ning out of Denver or Pueblo. Their
capacity is sufficient to guarantee
prompt sbipmont. I will keep pur
chasers posted on prices upon applica
tisn. The lowest possible wholesale
rates are obtained. Cash must accom
pany all orders.
J. W. Haktlet, State Agt,
Lincoln, Neb.
and intend that our People" movement shall
triumph, you should rally to the supporter
owned, edited ftud pu'uil.lieJ by the Assembly
of Nebraska Knighta of Labor, in tho place
of all places wht're the truth, plainly and fear
lessly sputiea will accomplish the most good,
Omaha. B-jbscribe now and put this paper oa
a sound financial basis. Address all com
mHnicfttiois to Anson H. liiom-nw, State
Secretary. 11 D"uglas St. Omaha, Neb.
For all AtMons of the TH ail Lung s
Such as colds, coughs, croup, asthma, in
fluenza, hoarseness, bronchitis and incip
ient consumption, and for the relief of con
sumptive patients in advanced stages of the
If yourdrnfrgist does not handle, send
direct to W. 15. Howard 12th and N streets
Lincoln, Nebraska. lti
Parr Painting Company 1515 O Street.
House painting and paper hanging.
Signs a specialty. Call and get our fig
ures on work. Will trade work for
horse and wagon. tf
Tlie Original Calamity Howler.
Tho very first calamity howl ever
aised in Kansas was by tho Topeka
Capital when it howled long and loud
about tho farmers of Kansas contem
plated the repudiation of their honest
dobts; when it bawled and croaked
about tho financial credit of Kansas
being injured because the Alliance
last fall triumphed over a gang of pot
house politicians and elected ma
jority of the legislature; because tho
machine upon which it depends for
patronage got a pair of beautiful
black eyes.
And this calamity howl, first start
ed and kept up by the Capital alarm
ed eastern holders of Kansas securi
ties and started all the commotion
which has agitated financial circles in
reference to Kansas for tho past ten
months. Tho Capital for political
effect, started this howl and kept it
up, and did it conscious that it was
misrepresenting the facta that it was
manufacturing lies out of wholo cloth,
and that it was perpetuating a great
injustice upon tho best class of citi
zens Kansas has. And yet this journ
alistic Uriah Heep, this wall-eyed
partisan hypocrite, now has the gall to
accuse its superiors of being calamity
However, it makes no sort of differ
ence one way or tho other what tha
Capital says or does; its influence,
political or otherwise, is about as po
tent in shaping public opinion and di
recting public affairs as is the bnyir
of a frightened whiffet in determining
the course of the full-orbed moon.
Atchison Chamnion.
Why Kot f
Why do not the honest dollar howl
ers import some Mexican silver dol
lars that contain, by their standard,
six per cent more silver than the dol
lar is worth, so that they can handle
a piece of metal that comes up to their
standard? They can procure them,
and have their wants fully satisfied.
But that is not the point they are
driving at They do not want the- sil
ver dollar at all; because free coinage
would rob them of the' power to con
trol the volume of the currency as.
fully and thoroughly as at present.
That is the point They can regulito
the price cf silver and make tha quan
tity of silver worth less than a dollar
so long as the government shall not
interfere; but when Uncle Sam puts
his fiat of "one dollar" on it, their
game ia at an end. Alliance Herald.