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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 17, 1891)
THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NER, THURSDAY, SEPT. 17, 1801.
The People a Adrtnt.
Tlf eotaiaf ap lb eteva of now.
Aa tala M inrM ll ennrtiia feriftter.
We r aot are tta eaa aublin-r,
Wka it avakea tk worid la wonder;
Bat we bar ()t It retfcerinr roura,
Aa4 keard IU olc of lirfrtf thunder!
Tit eomfnf ! yea, "Ua cociiof I
T eotninf now, the giortoBS time
roretold by Mtn and Ming ia itory.
For walch, vbea tklnkinf was a crime.
Seals leapt te Hernt from ecaffolue forr!
TbF dot taw tbe work tkey wmuaiit.
Nor the erowned hopee of cc at orhw bloeeom ;
But I he 11 re Ualitiilnr of theiMfcoua-at,
Aa4 earing-deeds, doth cube earth boaoav
TiM cml:i ! Jfv coming!
Creeda, enpiree, ayitfti ret witk ,
, But the treat peorJr, everyoutliiull
And it hall wrltAe fnture page
To our kamaany more truthful;
The gnarldeat heart katk tender chorda
To waken at tbe name of "Brother;"
Aadtbe lit? cornea wkea aoorpioo word
Wa ehall aot apeak to aUng ea!b other.
' n oemlng! yea, taa ooming!
Ay, it moat come ! the trrmnt'i throne
Ia crumbling-, with our hot teara mated ;
Tke aword Mrth'a mighty leant upon
la cankered, with our beat blood cruated !
Boom, for the men of mind make wart
Te robber rulera pause no longer!
Te cannot atay the openlnr dayl
Tbe worli roll! on, the light g row, atroBger,
The people', advent 'a coming.
Boyd county made a display of sod
'crops, the only ono on the ground got
ten up on two days' notice. It em
braced all vegetables and grains. The
od corn was especially good; the flax
and buckwheat had been tbe wonder of
all. It took three premiums and one
Dundy county took the silver medal
on county display.
The Holt county hog palace always
Lad a crowd around it
Chase county had a map of county
made of grains and seeds and a splen
did display of vegetables and grains.
Lincoln county had a locomotive
made up of grains and vegetables and a
splendid display of grains and vegeta
bles. Kearney county had a fine display of
fruits .and vegetables, and took three
premiums on county display.
Box Butte county had a fine display
of grains and vegetables, and an ele
phant made up of potatoes and beets.
Hayes county had a good display of
grains and vegetables. Took first and
second on wheat, first and second on
rye, second on oats and first on beets.
Hitchcock county had fine grains and
Burt county took the first premium on
county display and several individual
. first premiums.
Adams county had a fine display on
fruits, but they did not make much dis
play on grains.
Furnas county made a fine display of
grains and vegetables.
Cuming county had a fine display of
grains and vegetables, and hart some
extra fine pumpkins and squashes.
Perkins county made a good exhibit
of her products.
Red Willow county bad a fine display
of products, and had a boat made up of
grains going to Europe.
Greeley county had a good display of
Buffalo county had a fine display of
grains and vegetables and an extra fine
sample of celery.
Stanton county had a fine show of
Sheridan county had a good show of
products. Some of the nest squashes
York county made a fine showing.
Collection fruit and ornamental trees,
. Y. Stephens, first premium; C. H.
Barnard, Table Bock, second; Youn
ger & Co., Geneva, third. -
Collection forest tree seedlings, Youn
, gers & Co., Geneva, first premium; E.
F. Stephens, Crete, second.
Collection native woods, E. F. Ste
phens, Crete, first premium.
Collection twenty varieties winter ap
ples, E. F. Stephens, Crete, first pre
mium; i. Youngers, Geneva, second;
E. Beaver, Falls City, third.
Collection summer apples, five varie
' ties, P. Yonngeis, Geneva, first pre
mium; E. F. Stephens, Crete,, second;
P. A. Murphy, third.
Collection autumn apples, five varie
ties, G. A. Marshall, first premium;
Geo. Slevthe, second; P. Youngers, Ge-
Collection winter spples, five' varie
ties, E. F. Stephens, Crete, first pre
mium; G. A. Slevthe, second.
Display of fruits, E. F. Stephens,
Crete, first premium; H. Craig, Ft. Cal
houn, second; E. Beaver, Falls City,
, third. J
Collection winter apples, ten varieties,
P. A, Murphy, Exeter, first premium;
P. F. Thomas, Davey, second; P. Youn
gers, Geneva third.
Collection peaches, not less than five
varieties, J. M. Russell, Blue Springs,
first premium; H. Craig, Ft. Calhoun,
Collection pears, notless than five va
rieties, D. U. Reed, Blue Springs, first
premium; H. Craig, Ft. Calhoun, sec
ond. Pollection canned fruits, Mrs. A. B.
Baker, Lincoln, first premiam; C. H.
Best display by county, Johnson
county, first premium; Fllmore county,
Becona; rawnee county, third.
Best display greenhouse plants, Ben
Haas, Omaha, first premium; V. J.
Hesse r. Plattsmouth, second; Chapin
Bros. Lincoln, third.
Collection aloe and cacti, R. II. Da
vey, Omaha, first premium: Geo. Rob
erts, second; W. J. Hesser, Plattsmouth,
O. O. Hefner, entered seven horses:
Took 1st prize on 8-year-old Shire.
8d " " "
" 8d " 2-year-old '
" 2d ' 8 year-old Hackneys.
1st ' 2-year-old
F. Banks Wilson, on 2-year-old Shire,
third prize; on 4-year-old Shire, first
prize; on two English Hackneys took
first, second and third prizes. Brood
Shire mare 4 years old, took first prize;
S-year-ol4 Shire mare took first prize;
. 2 year-old Shire mare took first prize.
Tbe mare showing the best two colts
took sweepstakes; second premium on
8-year-old standard bred; one yearling
took three prizes. "
James Watson & Co., Beatrice, Nob.
On 4-year-old Shire took first prize; on
3-year-old Shire took second; on 2 year
old Shire, took first, second and third;
1-vear-old Shire took second and third.
O. Wilson, Burwell, Neb., entered
lour fine Percheron draft horses: showed
only one but took o prizes. Mr. Wil
STATE FAIR NOTES
son has recently come te this state from
Iilinoia, and we believe will be one of
our beat stock d talon ia a few years.
James ShulU. Yutan, NK, entered
twelve borars: On 5-yer -old marea took
first and second prise; French draft,
first and second prises, and also one -year
old tighly recommended. Mares
aged, three took tint prize &nd two took
sweepstakes-, had a very nice lot of
horses and U doing a good bui-inea.
P. Hofney, Lewis, Iowa, 4 year-eld
took second on aunolk runch; s year
old took first; 1-year-old sweepstakes
Clyde, aire class, took tirst prize on
French draft: Percberon Norman took
second and third prices. A nice lot of
J.W.Hovle.of York, Neb entered
anB Tear-ofd Hambletomaa for style,
action and bear.ty, receiving the second
prize. Went away satisfied.
We also not'eed a fine lot of draft
horses and Shetland ponies at the stalls
occupied by tbe Maple urove stock iarm
of Fremont, but were unable to get the
number of prizes taken by tbem. liut
it will appear in our paper in the near
Best ba swoodand white clover honey.
Auirust C. Davldsos. Omaba. brst pre'
mium; A. G. Porter, Lincoln, second pre
Comb fall honey, Mr,. J. N. Heater,
Columbus, brst premium; Amos Ore
manyer, Cheney, second premium.
Gallon extract I auwood or white clo
ver honey, August C. Davidson, Omaha,
Gallon extract fall honey, E. Whltre-
nine, Friend, first premium; Mrs. J. N.
Heater, Columbus, second premium.
Twenty pounds granulated h"ney, A.
C. Davidson, Omahr.. first premium;
Mrs. J. N. Heater, Columbus, second
Best and largest dish of boner and
supplers. E. Kretchmer, Red Oak, Iowa,
first premium; Mrs. J. N. Heater, Co
lumbus, second premium.
Apiarian implements awl supplers, E.
Kretchutn, Red Oak, Iowa, first pre
mium; Luvering Bros , Wyota, Iowa,
Dish honey in marketable shape, Mrs.
J. N. Heater, Columbus, first premium;
A. C. Davidson, Omaha, second pre
mium. Dish honey cake, etc, E. Kretchmer,
Red Op.k, Iowa, first premium; T. Dob
son, Germantown, second premium.
Honey vinegar, E. Kretchmer,
Red Oak. Iowa, first premium;
Mrs. E. Whitcomb, Friend, second pre
mium. Bees. etc.. Chas. White, Farmers Val
ley, first premium; E. Kretchmer, Red
Oak, Iowa, second premium.
Exhibition of extracting honev. E.
Kretchmer, Red Oak. Iowa, first pre
mium; Mrs. J, N, Heater, Columbus,
second premium. ,
Honev extracter. E. Kretchmer. Red
Oak, Iowa, first premium ; Mrs. J. N. I
Heater, Columbus, second premium.
All purpose bee hive. E. Kretchmer.
Red Oak, Iowa, first premium; Mrs. J.
N. Heater, Columbus, second premium.
All mimosa chaff bee hive. Luverinc
Bros. Wyota. Iowa, first premium; h.
Kretchmer, Red Oak, Iowa, second pre
mium. oBee smoker, J. W. Paisley, Wahoo,
tirst premium; E. Kretchmer, Red Oak.
Iowa, second premium.
Dish of apairian supplies in state. Mrs.
J. N. Heater. Columbus, first premium;
August C. Davidson, Omaha, second
Report of honey stored by any colony.
Thos. Dobson, Germantown, first pre
mium; amount stored 1511 pounds.
Our representative went to the cattle
stables on Friday but did not find all
owners at borne, therefore all are not
Cloverdale Holstein Friesian Herd of
Stella, Nebraska, owned by T. G. F'er
guson, won the following premiums:
Second on aged bulls; first on yearling
bull; second on cow any age; second on
yearling heifer; first on bull and four of
his get; tied sweepstake herd premium
wlthM. E. Moore's circuit herd; second
on aged herd premium; third on cow
three years and over; second sweep
stakes on cow; first Nebraska Farmer
Premium on yearling bull any breed
bred in state.
This herd now numbers 100 head and
is one of tbe best in America, being on
Amos Peck, Waverly, Neb., one bull
on exhibition, twenty-iive in herd, Red
A. G, Porter, Lincoln, Neb., three
cows on exhibition, fifteen In herd, Jer
sey. J. R. Lownes. Lincoln, sixteen on ex
hibition, fifty-five in herd, Short Horn.
Isaac Johnson, Lincoln, thirteen on
exhibition, forty-two in herd, Short
David Housel, Lincoln, nine on ex
Jas. Boyce, Wabash, Neb., one bull
on exhibition, weight 2,040, fourteen in
herd,. Holstein. ,
Richard Daniels, Gilmore, Neb., nine
teen on exhibition, sixty in herd, Short
H. Ilckardt, Lincoln, five on exhibi
J. S. Carlysle, Vesta, Neb., eleven on
exhibition, 200 in herd, Herfords.
Lincoln Jersey Cattle Co., Lincoln,
sixteen on exhibition, fifty-rive in herd.
T. G. Ferguson, Stella, Neb., twelve
on exhibition, 100 in herd, Holstein.
J. H GilfUlan, Msquoketa, Iowa,
tVirteen on exhibition, fifty in herd, Red
Ramsey Bros , Emporia. K",
twenty-six on exhibition, fifty five ia
herd, Devonstire. i
J. W. Dean, Marysville. Mo., ten on
exhibition, 240 in herd, Herford.
M. E. Moore, Cameron, Mo., thirteen
on exhibition, s'.xty-five in herd, Hol
stein. First butter prize.
S. P. Clark, Dover, 111., twelve on ex
hibition, 205 in herd. Galloway.
W. A. McHm y, Denni on Iowa, four
teen on exhibition, 100 in herd, Aber
ueen Angus. One 2-year-old weight
The Minneapolis Threshing Machine
Co. had a very nicely running machine,
and being the first year they had at
tended our fair their machine attracted
a great deal of attention, and resulted
in the sale of one complete outfit to an
Alliance man. Mr. J. F. Sanders, gen
eral agent, of Council Bluffs, is a very
pleasant gentleman, and will undoubt
edly succeed in working up a good bus
iness in Iowa and Nebraska both of
which he represents.
Nichols, Shepherd & Co., of Kansas
City, had two engines on exhibition, one
six and one one-horse power. Their
machines worked very perfectly.
J I. Case had a fine outfit witk &i
interesting novelty in thrhing ma
chinery. Fuller notice next week.
Rtaoliitione of Condaler.ee.
Wsuui, The Supreme Rul- r of tbe
nniverae has seee f t ia hia divine wis
dom to remove from for midst our
neighbor and brother J. P. Fair;
Heto!id, That we. the ember, of
Riverside Alliance, No. 81t. recognise
in lira. Fan aa honorable and true
Retolmi, That we the remaining mem
bers of Riverside Alliance tender to tbe
bereaved family and sorrowing frit mis
our heartfelt sympathy in this their sad
Kesolitd. That a copy of these resolu
tions be sent to tbe f imily and also a
copy be soot to The Fakmess' Al
UaKCK and to tbe Grand Inland Journal
H. C. Dekmak, Pres.
JOHH LlTFER, Sec.
O. B. Foster,
F. A. Jos Ee,
Doniphan. Neb.. Sept 5, im.
Our Cheapened Sweetness.
am opposed to the "McKiuley" su
gar. All in a similar condition oi minu
signify it by saying "I r Suppose it is
only five dollars (insomepUcesless)per
hundred, it is net worth that. .
Many percons think of nothing be
yond a financial reduction. Quantity,
not quality, is their motto. Is anything
gained when two spoonfuls are required
to do the work of oner I find that to be
mv experience with tbe new brand. In
& "cool" state, 'neorasKa is mis sum
mer) it presents a snowy appearance,
but heat it! Presto, what a changel A
band of black encircles it. Tbe Mis
sourl river is not a circumstance to it!
In a lifetime of canning and preserving
I have skimmed from syrups something
of a lovely blue shade suggetive of
indigo. Also a I eddish substance
that might be cochineal, red sand.
or perhaps the blood with which it is
fmriiitfd! (Some one with a gift in the
ine of pathos, and a facile pen, might
take that thought and enlarge upon it,
for many a poorly paid laborer con
sumes his life's blood in tbe production
without in any degree purifying the
To return. 1 havo "skimmed" many
color, some delicate tints, but uevtr
until this summer did I "skim"
black. Has tbe sugar, buried be
neath its snowy mantle, another garb.
one of mourning for our despicable
tricks, which come to tbe surface when
the saccharine product is melted to
Again, uhu call it granulated sugar?
Any one with ordinary common sense
knows the meaning oi granulated, ana
if some are destituto of thnt desirablo
commodity (common sense,) they may
perhaps own a dictionary which will
fully explain that anything to be granu
ulated must consist of grains, not be a
powder with every particle an exact size.
Coarse salt is granulated, and the gran
ulate d sugar of the past was no such
powder p.s this.
It may be the effect of the "bill," who
knows. A gentleman told me it had in
creased the price of "book accounts,"
and reduced that of eggs, perhaps it also
has power to pulverize "grains" and
paralyze "grangers. " What areoar
views on sugar, Mr. Burrows? My
Washington proolivities, (love of the
truth) force me to commend very highly
the article in last issue entitled, "Who
Elects tbe President?" Not th
people. It is written almost as well
as if I had done it myself ! There
are suggestions in the "co-operative"
store editorial which will bear
thinking of and acting upon. Hoping
we may some day have sugar,
Yours complainiogly, VeraGrat.
The Douglas County Fair was a great
success. The display made by Hayden
Bros, of goods that are to be given
away as prizes, seemed to be the lead
ing attraction, prohably excepting the
racing, which was indeed very inter
esting. A. H. Snyder was th- re with
his hay-press in full working or.ler, as
also was the Martin Steam Feed Cooker
L. D. Smith of Valley precinct, had a
beautiful lot of vegetables.
Chas. J. Bauman, of Douglas pre
cinct, a choice lot of fruits.
There were many other attractive
exhibits which the people enjoyed. The
fine stock exhibit was very light but the
number of stock, there were of excel
The Douglas county Independent con
vention will be held next Saturday,
Sept. 12. A'l seem to be in favor of
putting up an entire independent ticket
and against any fusion. We predict the
independent party will somewhat sur
prise the old parties at the coming elec
tion. Judicial Convention in the 14th District.
Cambridge, Neb., Sept. 5th, 1891.
Editor Farmers' Alliance: The
independent judicial convention in the
14tu district, was held at Culbertson as
per call on September 1st. There were
the following candidates who sought the
support of delegates for nomination:
Cochran, of McCook, (the present in
cumbent) Wells, of Culbertson, Dudgeon,
of Araphoe, McClure of Beaver City,
whose names were not introduced in
convention, they being frozen out by
the resolutions adopted by the conven
tion. The resolutions opposed the se
lection by the Independents in conven
tion assembled, all latter day saints,
corporation attorneys, all attorneys who
had rendered themselves conspicuous in
the prosecutiou of mortgage foreclosure
The following named gentlemen were
put In nomination: Daniel F. Welty,
of Cambridge; Dodge and S. R. Smith,
of Indianola. Whole number of votes
52, of which Welty received on informal
ballot 41, Dodge 3, and Smith 8. On
first formal ballot, Welty 41, Dodge 8,
Smith 8; second ballot, Dodge withdrew
his name recommending his support for
Welty Smith following suit thus mak
ing Welty the unanimous choice.
Resolutions were unanimously adopt
ed endorsing Burrows in all and every
act of his as our champion in this our
fight for justice and an equal chance to
live. Also the independent platform
adopted at state convention held at Hast
ings on August 18th, 1891. The con
vention was wholly harmonious, not a
jar or unkind word to mar the work oi
the people. And what was entirely new
in conventions in the past and of the two
old parties, no tricks were practiced or
attempted by a single delegate in the
nomination of Daniel T. Welty. Of this
fact all of his supporters feel proud.
Mr. Welty's nomination was entirely
unsought by him, the entire work being
done by men who had long been ac
quainted with him and who had at all
times found him an honest man and ca
pable attorney. An attorney who had
never stooped to petty tricks as a man
or attorney in the seven years that he
has midedher among na. The voters
of this judicial dustrirt will find in Din
T. W'mUf a firm a Itiecd ;d impirtUl
judge aa is elaitne J for Judge Cochran
by his political friends, and who will
watch their interest aa closely as they
would for themselves. He will also cor
rect an abuse which I am told is some
times practiced by sheriff in the ap
praisement of land for foreclosure. It
seems, that some sheriffs select apprais
ers from towns, and select men for p
praisers who have been a'l their lives
engaged in mercantile or other pursuits
which wbollv unht tbem from fully
knowing and being competent to do full
justice to all Parties m tne case, ibese
matters will be full v looked into and in
vestigated. I am told that loans were
ma'ie of 1500 on a tl.200 valuatier-..
And now, on foreclosure the same prem
ises are valued at from tOOO to IT00.
Any person can see the actual result of
such proceedings if permitted by our
courts of justice. It would leave the
wor m an in debi, and a judgment fol
owing him to the ends of the earth, tak
ing all that be might accumulate for all
time to come, or uuta the balance was
satisfied. If his laud was worth 11,200
for security when loan was made acme
3 to 7 years ago, why is it not worth as
much or more now, when foreclosure
proceedings are sought to be freed.
These are pertinent questions to ask
our sheriffs and the appraisers selected
by tbem and also our courts, when it
becomes tbem to act upon them.' Let
every voter ask each candidate for the
position of district judge and sheriff this
fall questions suggested by the above.
Wm. H. Axxem.
The Entire South, bag and baggage, Go
ing Into the Alliance.
Southern Iowa Farmer.
The republicans say that the demo
crats will capture the Farmers' Alliance.
Of course they know better. They tell
that simply to scare republican voters
and keep them from joining the Alli
ance. The democratic leaders are as
much afraid of the Alliance as the re
publicans are. The democratic stale
paper of Kansas is terribly frightened.
Here is what it says this is from the
Topeka (Kan ) Democrat:
"The democratic party was never in
more peril of absolute dissolution than
it is at this very hour. The Atlanta
Constitution, the Birmingham Age, Her
ald, in fact every loyal southern demo
cratic journal of note has repeatedly de
clared that unless the wisest of counsel
prevails, the entire south will go bag
and baggage into tbe Alliance."
Isn't that rich? Oh, how good that
makes every old Greenbacker feel!
He knows tnat tne aay 01 nis triumph
The democratic party in peril.
Mav the devil soon get it, and its fi
nancial twin, the republican party.
Both have outlived tneir u leiuiness.
and the sooner they die the better.
And in view 01 the danger to the
democratic party from the Alliance, the
Memphis Appeal Avalanche, a leading
democrat paper, says:
"What shoum tne democracy do?
Surrender? No. A thousand times no.
Better, far better to go to defeat than to
submit to the dictation of those whom
God and nature intended for subord
inates and subalterns,"
The Source of Opposition.
There can be no doubt that the op
position to the reforms sought to be
secured by the Alliance, is directed
and waged by that powerful minority
in the government who have been the
beneficiaries of class legislation, which,
by and through the systems created by
it, have absorbed the wealth created
by labor and placed it in the coffers of
this minority By "powerful minority"
is not meant the merchants nnd bank
ers in towns and cities at the south;
but the millionaires who engineer oor
ners, form frusta and manipulate the
country as if it were only one article
and ono man to be managed Alliance
The Alliance Bulletin: With the
sub-treasury plan in operation, . the
grip of Shylock upon producers would
be loosened. Instead of being com
pelled to force his wheat upon tho
market to save his chattels, the farmer
would be enabled to borrow enough
upon his wheat to relieve his pres
ent obligations and hold his wheat un
til prices advance to such a point as
to allow him a reasonable compensa
tion for his labor.
The Farmers' Weekly: The New
York Mail and Exoress paints a dole
ful picture of the deplorable condition
of trade and finance, and lays all the
blame to the Farmers' Alliance, which,
it pays 1 -proposes that the money lender
shall lend without reasonable security,
that he shall be enforced to accept a
mortgage upon a farm and take his
chances of being able to collect it.
Then they" call upoa the railroads to
adjust the ratee so that they can make
a profit, regardless of the cost of trans
portation. This being attended to,
they pass resolutions that every one
shall be criminally liable if he chooses
to make engagements in advance or
sell a single bushel of wheat." What
wonderful rascals these farmers are
any way? We trust the good Shep
hard will place at the head of his
editorial columns the scriptural quota
tion, "Thou shalt not bear false witness
against thy neighbor."
The Midland Journal: To hear the
tallow politicians of the day, mere
boys, as it were, shaking their heads
end expressing doubts about the
"policy" of free silver coinage, one
that knew no more about political
economy than they do, would suppose
that it was something new under the
sun a proposei experiment that tho
Ignorant Farmtr'e Alliance had con
cocted, and that might explode the
whole business fabric and knock things
to smithereens. In place of its being
new it is older than the nation and was
the financial policy of the nation from
its earliest infancy, from 1792 to 1873,
and was abolished by a trick of Eng
lish bankers, carried through congress
by John Sherman, for the purpose of
doubling the value of the government
debt and all other debts which were in
the hands of those foreign bankers.
A new thing, indeed. Free, silver coin
age is a very old thing; an octogenarian
and compatriot of the great men of the
revolution, a firm friend of the signers
of the Declaration of Independence.
Do you ever consider that when you
are claiming to be disciples of Jeffer
sonlan and Jacksonlan Democracy, and
shaking your heads dubiously over
"free silver" you are making asses of
yourselves, and all for the interest of
a lot of foreign bankers?
Subscribe for Tub Alliance. '
THOUGHT Or HIS FAMILY,
If He War Killed He Didn't Want
Any Financial Complication.
The road was uneven and there
were numerous sharp curves, and as
the train was running at a high rate
of speed it was anything but comfor
table for tbe passengers. Sometimes
it actually seemed as though all the
wheels on one side of the Fullman
were off the rail at once.
This didn't serve to put any of the
passengers at ease, but it seemed to
have a particularly- bad effect on a
little old fellow near the middle of the
car. He grew more and more nerv
ous with every jerk of the car, and
finally called the porter to him.
"How soon will we rea-h a place
where I can send a dispatch?" he
" 'Bout ten minutes, sah," was the
"All right. Bring me a telegraph
was brought and he hastily scrib
bled the following message to a New
"Sell all my stock in X and Z road
at once and at any price yon can get."
"You don't seem to have much con
fidence in the road," said the man in
the next seat, who had read the dis
patch over the little man's shoulder.
"I haven't; was the terse reply.
"You don't think it has much of a
"Future be hanged!" returned the
little man. "I was thinking of the
present and my family."
"Your lamily exclai med the stranger.
"What has yourfamily got todo with
"Everything, my friend, everything,"
explained the little man, "and if you
were anything," of a financier you'd
see it. I've got to ride 200 miles on
this road yet, aud how would it look
for my family to sue the road for
damages that, if secured, would prac
tically come out of my estate? No,
sir, I'll allow this dispatch twenty
minutes to reach New York, and I'll
allow the broker twenty-five minutes
to dispose of the stock. If this blamed
car keeps the rails for forty-five min
utes more some one else will be stuck
for damages if I climb the golden stairs.
And if she holds the rails for the.
whole 200 miles, I can buy the stock
back if I want it and go back by an
other road." St. Louis Star Sayings.
THE MYSTERIOUS EMERALD.
Story of a Valuable Gem Picked Up
by a Boston Lady.
There is the theme for a romance in
the experience of a Boston lady in the
matter of finding a ring about a year
She came across the Common and
just as she wasabout to leave it by the
lioylston-street gate her eyes caught
the glitter of a gem on the pavement
and stooping she took up one of the
most superb emerald rings ever seen
in tins part of the globe. It is not
necessarjr to describe it too accurate
ly here since in answer to her adver
tisements there has been more than
one attempt by pretenders to get it
fraudulently; but it is sufficient to say
that it is literally such a rinz ns
might be the gift of a king. It is the
sort of jewel which figures in romances
of the Disraeli sort, where no expense
is spared, and it was naturally worth
a sum of money which to ordinary
mortals is somethingprettybig in any
light and reallv tremendous to have
locked up in a single ring.
The lady took the jewel to all the
leading dealers in geir .3 in the neigh
borhood, and they all agreed in say
ing they had never seen it, but that it
was impossible that a ring of so much
value should long want for an owner.
The jewel has been advertised in all
the papers, and the finder has kept a
careful lookout for advertisements in
her turn. The police and the dealers
in gems are fully informed about it,
and yet for more than a year the ring
has been in her possession without a
sign of its owner appearing to claim
it. It is true that there have been a
number of applications for it, but no
one who has come to claim it has been
able to come anywhere near a correct
description of the ring, and what its
history was before it landed in the
dust of Boylston street is still a mys
tery. Since the ring is of so great a value,
it would be supposed that the owner
would endeavor to find it for its pecu
niary worth, even if there be no senti
mental value attached to it, but noth
ing of this sort seems to have happen
ed. Some dav the mystery may be
solved, but at present there is no clew
to prevent the romancer from weaving
about the jewel any web of fancy which
his brain can spin. Boston Courier.
Great Opportunity for Old Maids.
There is a great chance for old maids
in the Argentine Republic. There are
about sixteen men to one woman
there and the unmarried males are
more than anzious to secure wives.
When a "new woman, as the welcome
arrival is called, comes to town about
fifty men make a wild effort to secure
her. It is quite an interestingcontest,
and the one who captures the prize is
looked, upon as something -of a hero.
The local papers write columns about
it, and almost everybody. in the city
turns out to the wedding. It doesn't
matter much about the woman's age
or looks, she is received with open
arms and married off in a jiffy to some
real nice man. The woman will have
about fifty good-looking suitors to
pick from, so she need not be anxious
about not finding the kind of a man
ehe wants. The love-making doesn't
last long, however. Three days ia the
Bull fights, at which the animals are
baited to death, continue to take place
in France, in spite of official prohibi
tions. The Daily News Paris corres
pondent writes: The bull light at Bor
deaux went off without any incident.
A bull having been delibei ately killed
at the previous performances, the
authorities bad given notice that on
a recurrence of such a thing the per
formances would bte stopped. In the
neighboring department of Landes,
however, the Government circulars
continue to be set at defiance. At
Mont de Marsan, where the annual
fete is taking place, three bulls were
Mrs. De Tone: "I want to have an
asylum appointed for my poor hus
band. His mind is failing."
"Attorney: "Have you any partic
ular evidence of the decline of his
Mrs. De Tone: "Yes, indeed. I
asked him tor $10 for a new bonnet
this morning, and he said I had better
take $25, so I thought I would come
to see you."
i'iTE FARMER'S COLUMN.
USEFUL INFORMATION FOR RU
Farmer's Investment Suppress
ing tha Paa Weevil A Curiosity
In Gardening Destroy the ,
Wee a Poultry on
Poultry on the Farm.
The Brahma, one of the best breeds
of fowls we have, is being gradually
mohfied in shape m order to secure a
heavier-feathered toe. As this is done
Simply to obtain specimens for dis
play in the showroom, and at the sac
rifice of all the best points of the
breed, it is not only absurd but a real
wrong. What the ordinary poultry
owner wants-is not show points, but
a capacity foregg production and good
A correspondent of Farm' Poultry
has a remedy for lice on fowls which
he says is sure. To each one-half pint
of kerosene add one tablespoonful of
crude carbolic acid. To clean a lousy
house, use a pump or anything that
will throw a fine spray, and go ove
the whole inside, ground and all, with
the mixture, being particular to force
it into all cracks and around cleats
that are nailed to the building. If the
house is a new one, this will never
have . to be done, because you can
keep them destroyed by going over
the roost poles every two weeks the
year round. The roost pole is their
stronghold, and from these (if allowed
to eo unchecked) they will spread all
over the house. If you attend to your
roosts as above, you will never have
a scabby legged fowl on your place.
For the cure of roup the tollowing
mixture is recommended: it lve drops
each of turpentine and castor oil, to
gether, about one-half teaspoonful ev
ery morning. In addition to that put
one drop of turpentine in the nasal
organ and rub their heads with salty
grease if heads are sore. Separate the
sick from the well ones and teed and
water the sick ones regularly. Also
thoroughly cleanse the building and
coops where they have been, and turn
icate with sulphur, keeping them
closed for several hours.
"It takes a live Yankee to grow
poultry on a large scale, because ev
ery thing must be cared for," said that
experienced poultry raiser, Mr. James
Rankin, at a recent meeting. This is
a perfectly " sound view, but it does
not preclude the keeping of a small
number of fowls by farmers, for, as
has been well said, the farm is par ex
cellence the place for poultry, which
ought to be one 01 its regulur occu
Many farmers dislike to keep hens,
and very naturally, since they make
no suitable provision for them, but
allow them to scratch for themselves
for a living, and roost wherever they
can. A small flock of some good
breed, with a properly constructed
hennery and suitable care, will yield
as good a proht on the outlay as any
live stock on the farm.
One of the best grains for growing
chickens is barley, which is especially
rich in mineral matter. Good oats
are also an excellent feed; but a com
bination of wheat, bran, middlings,
barley and oats will give the most
satisfactory results in yield of eggs and
soundness ot health.
Nothing can be done in securing
special qualities in hens by the use of
common males. They do not produce
any beneficial results. The chicks
sired by a common male will not be
uniform, and nothing can be expected
from them; but chicks sired by a pure
bred male will be uniform m color,
size and characteristics in general,
oven when the hens from which such
chicks came were mongrels. The
breed is everything in poultry keeping.
Some farmers in fact, a great many
farmers are out of debt and have
surplus cash to invest, and the ques
tion for them to consider is where and
in what can they make the safest and
most profitable investment. This
question the American Cultivator an
swers by advusing them to invest in,
not in buying more land, but improv
the acres they already possess. They
should but their surplus into their
business, as the wise merchant or
manufacturer does. The Cultivator
"When a thoroughbred or a high-
grade cow will make $100 worth of
butter in a year, and a scrub cow only
$10 worth, while it cost but little
more to feed one than the other,
money invested in improved breeds of
cows, or in a pure male from which to
raise up a herd of grades, will pay
better returns to the dairymen than
can be obtained from bank stock or
railroad shares or Western farm mort
gages. When a small extra investment in
better seeds aud more liberal manur
ing will increase the labor of cultiva
tion, or when extra cultivation will
increase in the money return four
times as great as the expenditure;
when better tools will save their cost
in one season's labor, while with care
they will do good work for five or ten
years, then is the time when the
farmer can make money by spending
When the expenditure of S25 of $35
per acre for tile drains will enable a
field that now yields less than $10
worth of poor grass a season to pro
duce $35 worth of the best, and tit it
for the growth of any crop that will
yield profitable returns it is economy
to spend money, and so it is when a
similar sum or a smaller one will so
renovate an old pasture which now
only feeds about one cow upon six
acres, so that it will give more feed
and better for six times that num
ber. "Inshort, everyfarmer should see for
himself the manner- in which he could
improve hit. land, his buildings, ani
mals, tools or methods of working, so
that a dollar invested will be placed
at a better rate of interest than any
one else will pay him for it. If lie
doubles the producing capacity of his
land, it is better than it would be to
double the number of acres, and if he
spends his money judiciously, and
uses good judgment 'in managing his
business afterward he has not lost his
money, but has changed an idle dollar
that only earned five cents in a year
for lively one that will earn twenty-five
cents And when he has made such im
provements that his business is up to
its full capacity, or to the measure of
his capacity as a manager, then he '
may indulge in the luxuries of life and
may deliver over his surplus profits
to the bankers and the speculator,
to take care of or to lose lor him a
he may choose."
Supprasa!ng the Pea Weevil.
This is not so difficult a task as to
get rid of some other insect enemies,
and it should te the aim of every one
whose peas are found to be more or
less"bugjry" to undertake the work
of suppression without delay.
By breaking open the pods of peas
whk'h show little yellow specks on the
outside the eggs or egg-shells of the
grubs you will find the grubs crawl
ing over the peas, or minute holes
where they have punctured the peas
and entered. They are very small and
yellow in color, with dark heads. If
they have been several days in the
peas they can be located by dark
green blotches on the surface.
The insect doing the injur', accord
ing to Prof. Gillette, is the little beetle,
or weevil, so often found in peas at!
planting time. The only remedy is
prevention. One man raising "buggy
peas" year after year will stock the
neighborhood with this pest. The on
ly preventive is to stop importing or
keeping over, for any purpose what
ever, "buggy peas" unless they are
kept in closed receptacles and the
One of the best methods of destroy
ing the beetle is to keep all infested
peas over one year in perfectly tight
bins, boxes or sacks, when all weevils
that hatch, being unable to escape,
will die. Another method is to put
the peas in a tight bin and pour over
them carbon bisulphide anu keep the
bin-air tight for several days. The
fumes will kill every weevil and not
injure the peas.
The ease with which these pests
may be gotten rid of makes it next
door to a criminal offense to continue
to grow "buggy" peas. The Professor
vigorously remarks that any one
who will knowingly raise such infested
peas and allow the insects to escape
to pollute so valuable an article of
food raised by all his neighbors, after
he knows how to prevent it, ought to
be liable to prosecution for willfully
perpetrating a public nuisance.
Destroy the Weeds.
For the benefit of my fellow farmers
I wish to write a short chapter on
weeds and the methods of destruction
as practiced by some. It is a contin
ual fight in old settled communities
to avoid being overrun by them.
There is some wild carrot creeping
into this country, and proper steps
for its suppression are not being
taken. I believe there is a law making
it an offensive subject to a fine, to
permit carrot to grow on one's prem
ises. So far as known to the writer,
most men try to destroy them, but
the method of destruction is better
calculated to distribute them than
otherwise. They are frequently pulled
and thrown in the road, to be tram
pled under foot, but this will not pre
vent the washing of seed to adjacent
low lands, and there aid in their dis
tribution. If it is a finable offense to
grow wild carrot, it should be made a
more serious offense to distribute
them in the manner spoken of.
Farmers ought to think better of their
neighbors than to be willing aids in the
dissemination of such pests. It
is no uncommon thing to find the
common sour dock thrown into the
roads, at this season of the year,
when the seed is ripe and ready tor
transportation by the first shower.
Just a few days since I observed a
neighbor had thrown docks in the
road on a hill above, and in close pro
ximity to his nearest neighbor, and
thunder showers must distribute the
seeds to lands below. This is not
right; it is not observing the golden
rule. Care should be taken to gather
and burn the seed if permitted to get
ripe at all. The better plan is to
cut in the spring when begining to
start the seed stalk. If left later press
of other matters usually permits their
ripening. Soil dock is one of the
most persistent weeds in our meadows,
and at time of cutting grass they
should all be carefully picked out by
hand and burned, to avoid their dis
tributing in the manure. Can't the
farmers of Ohio be induced in some
manner to be more careful in weed
destruction? Doubtless there are
Elenty of men now engaged in trying
y political methods to relieve farm
ers of their burdens; but friends, a
good hoe or cythe used on weeds at
the proper time will nay in cood looks,
if nothing else. Farmers don't let the
weeds go to seed. Hiram Cope in
A Curiosity in Gardening,
Here is a little scientific curiosity
from the Gardeners' Chronicle:
"The roots of plants are formed
within the substance of the plant, and
make their way out from the center
to the circumference, not only, if at
all, by pressure exerted during the
growth, but by secreting a digestive
ferment which softens and dissolves
the tissues and allows the emergence
of the root.
"Now the roots of the couch co ming
into contact with the potato exercise
a similar property, and are thus en
abled to penetrate the tuber.
' ihereisno theory, but has re
cently been demonstrated by a French
The small farmer everywhere is tren-
erally doing better, says an exchange.
than the large farmer. That this is
true may easily be proven by inquir
ing into the relative prosperity of the
40-acre farmer and the 100-acre
in your own neighborhood. Which is
burdened with the least debt in pro
portion to the real value of his land?
Which is procuring the best profit up
on his capital and the largest money
yield per acre, and which gets the
most satisfaction nut nf the h
of agriculture? One trouble is that
we nave Deen too grasping in regard)
to the lfl.nfl A.nrl Vin.v n.'miirnf1 mrra.
than we could handle to the best ad
The one great disadvantage of farm
life is isolation. The farmer ought to
mix freely with his fellow men, and
know what is going on not only in his
neighborhood, but in the world at
large. In no way is the grange and al
liance of more benefit than in bringing
men together for a free exchange of
thought." In these associations they
may become acquainted with one an
other and so act together for the pro
motion ot tne general welfare. The
farmer who stays at home all tbe.
time is apt to grow narrow in his
ideas and methods, and to remain a
little behind the age in which we live.
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