The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, September 10, 1891, Image 2
THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NER, THURSDAY, SEPT. 10, ia01 Jfte farmer' SUIiancr, hkUM Bvery Saturday by Teas Aixiakck PrBusmxa Ca Car. 11 U aad M Lincoln, Neb. J. DFIMtl J.M.TBOMi-eua... , Editor .Business Mansrer 1a the besmty of the lilHes Christ was bora across the sea, "With a glory In bis bosom That transfigures you and me. As be strove to make men holy Let na strive io otaVa then free. Since God ia marching on." Julie Ward Howe. ""Laurel crowns cleave to deserts. And power to him who power exert. "X ruddy drop of manly blood The surging sea outweighs. Emtrton. H who cannot reason is a fool, lie who will not reason is a coward, lie who dare not reason is a slave." TO CORRESPONDENTS. Address all buslnees communications to Allaoa Publishing Co. A4diM in at lor for publication to Editor fawners Alliance. Articles written on both sides of the paper UMtMUMM. very lonr omnuiuuicBuw, a a rulu cannot oe usea. Independent Peoples' Ticket Independent State Ticket. For Associate Justice of Supremo Court, JOSEPH W.EDGERTON, Douglas County. For Regents of the University A. D'ALLEMAND, of Furnas Co. K. A. HADLEY, of Greeley Co. Independent County Ticket. For District Judges ' WM.LEESE, A. 8. TIBBETTS, OLIVER W. CROMWELL. For County Treasurer O. HULL, Mill Precinct. For Sheriff WM. F. ELFELDT, Buda. For Clerk of District Court ELiAS BAKER, of Lincoln. For County Clerk WM. S. DEMAREE, Saltillo Precinct. For County Superintendent Prof. H. S. BOWERS, Lincoln. For County Commissioner MATT MAUEL, Little Salt Precinct. For County Judge W. 8. WYNN. of Lincoln. Fcr Coroner DR. HOSMER, of Lincoln. For County Surveyor J. A. ROBINSON, of Lincoln. For Justices of the Peace FRED SHEPHERD, J. C. McNERNY, H. C. PALMER. For Constables WILLIAM LIVINGTON, A. J. WARWICK. Assessors. First ward. Wheatlev Mick- lwaite; Second ward, C. U. Waite; Third ward, JohnCurrie; Fourth ward, E. . Kemp; Fifth ward, II. L. Klock; Sixth ward, C. Marshal; Seventh ward, W.J.Coates. J. V. WOLFE, Chnvn State Central Com. C. H. PIRTLE, Seo'y State Central Com. HEADQUARTERS OF STATE CEN TRAL COMMITTEE, L1NDELL IIOl'EL. Lam caster County Central Committee. W. F. WRIGHT, Chairman. S. S. JONES, Secretary. Jl rUBLISUKD WEEKLY AT CORNER UTH AND M STREETS, LINCOLN, NEBRASKA. THE LEADING INDEPENDENT PAPER IN THE STATE. J. BURROWS, Editor. J. JUL THOMPSON, Business Ma'gr. 3'i vaunt size and form eight Jaget, seven column quarto. Largest weekly paper pub lished In Nebraska. Complete in Every Department. Advertising Rates made known on applica tion. SiiUcflstion, $1.25 per annum Invariably In Advance. CLUB MATES. Fve annual lubscriptions $5.00. Torties sending clubs aa above may add tin fiB subscriptions at club rates. PREMIUMS. SnrsAuiuxca one rear and Looking Backward post paid $1 60 " . " Labor and Capital 1 40 " " Ctesar's Column.... 160 " " Our Republloan Monarchy 1 40 " Cushing's Manual Paper onvers.... ISO Goth covers 1 GO " " Whither are we Drifting 2 24 .: " Smith's Diagram and Kales 1 60 . " Briee't Finanolal Catechism 1 60 14 Baker's Mosey Mo nopoly i " Kichart's Crown.... l so The above books for sale at this office and lent pott paid on receipt of price aa follow: Looking Backward Wzta. Caesar's Column SOcts. Labor and Capital yjcta. Onr Republican Monarchy 25cts. Cnahlnfi Manual, Papjroovers tscts. " " Cloth covers 50cts. mua s uiagram and rules SOcta. Wrdtherare we Drifting.. $i 60. atrioe's Financial Catechism; SOcts. Pa m's Money Monopoly 35cts. caard'a Crown SOcts. Address ALLIANCE PUB. CO.. Lmcom, net. . A Dawson county farmer raised, a trrop of rye averaging forty bushels to the acre. He refused an offer of 85 cenUpcr bushel for the crop, which had be sold would hare brought him 86,900. Fabxbs' Alliance please copy. Jrncl. Uertainiy. mere was a very nice crop of rye on this editor's Gage county farm, which the boys unfortunately old for 75 cents. Rye will pi obabiy be -worth 11.25 by January 1st. But what's tfaat got to do with politics? THE "BEE' OX TBE PAST JXD THE FRESEXT. The Omaha Bet is mighty anxious about the result of the approaching election. It had an article in its issue of the 4th, entitled "An Encouraging Situation," in which it endeavors to ex tract sunbeams from cucumbers by an explanation of the causes which led to the independent success and ire demor alization of the republican party. We quote: lhe election of IHMwas is part disastrous iw ib repuuiivaa party set because of Tit yeomen who bare steadfastly maintained the ascendancy of republicanism bare lost oonfl dtooe in the principles of the old party, but because It was necessary to rebuke the cor poration bones who bad forced their hench men upon the party and the people until eu d l ranee ceased longer to be a virtue. So long as the railroads kept their hand! off tbe su preme court or at least did not control a ma jority of that tribunal, tbe people submitted under protest. When, btwever, tbey boldly and in open defiance of publlo sentiment. threw their strength against Chief Justice Reese two ytars ago and nominated an attor ney more to tbelr Using tbe discontent took shape in a reduction of the vote for the publican nominee. A reaction thereupon set In against corporation bosslsm which almost resulted in ruin to tbe republican party of Nebraska But tbe organization has come to Its tease again and the dictum has gone forth thtf the corporations mutt keep out of rcpub- oan aolitlcs. . Now let ui analyze this a little. The first clause of tlio first sentence contains one truth and one lie. It is true that the yeomen of the country have not for saken the principles o! tbe "old party." They are as devoted to those principles as they were in 1850 when the party nom inated John C. Fremont on 1U first plat form. But it is not true at least for lo! these many years, that these yeomen have maintained the ascendancy of the party." For twelve or fifteen years that ascendancy has been maintained by the brutal forco of patronage, bribery, corruption and fraud, and by that alcne. While the prin ciples of "tbe old parly "stand unim- peached to-day, the party itself has for saken tbem and become a corrupt ma chine under the control of the money power of the country. Under the vi cious management of this power the government has been changed from a democracy In which the people rule them telret to a despotism in which the people are ruled. Under the beneficent man agement of this machine the govern ment has been kidnapped by a pluto cracy where sixty millions of subjects are under tho dominion of a few thou sand arbitrary despots and where capi tal it the supreme ling. The Bee is mis taken iu saying the people abandoned the party to rebuke corporation bosses, and that their withdrawal will be only temporary. The people have fully real ized at last the nature of the animal in to which the "old party" has degene rated.and tbey have left the party to de stroy the animal, and their abandon ment Is definitive and final. Since when, pray, have the railroads in Nebraska, "kept their hands oG the subreme court?" We can prove conclu sively from the files of the Bee, and from Mr. Rosewater's own editorials, that there has not been an hour since tho state was organized that the railroads have not been greedy for every particle of executive, judicial and legislative power. Look over the list of chief and associate justices of the supreme court, and only two or three nnnies can be found of men who have not signal ized themselves by subserviency to cor porate power, and several of tne most distinguished of them have graduated into attorneyships of giant corpora tions. Look over the decisions and opinions of tho same court, and you will find an endless schedule of railroad decrees endorsed by it into laws. Read the last sentence of the extract from the Bee. Now pray, since when has "the organization come to its gens?" and from whence has the "dic tum gone forth that the corporations must keep out of republican politics?" If we remember aright, a year ago last spring there was a feeble organi.ed effort in the party to stem corporate control, which ended in ignominious failure. Tho party held its convention and placed in the chair of it the most outrageous and unpnncipled railroad scoundrel the state cr the world for that matter has produced, viz: Church Howe; and the convention nominated a railroad boss for its candidate for gov ernor. It is true that Mr. Rosewater, having a more abiding love for and faith in whisky than he had in republi canism, knifed his candidate and turned his efforts to the election of Bcyd. The parly was defeated at the polls; but in stead of taking a healthy lesson from its defeat, "the organization" proceeded to signalize the utter depth ot its degrada tion and its humiliating devotion to cor porate power by joining with its tradi tional enemy to defeat the trial of a just contest, and prevent the people from securing a law which its own platform had demanded to regulate freight rates in this stale. Since when has there been any official repudiation of that action? Was the bribery of Taylor and Collins evidence of it? Was the holding of Boyd in the gubernatorial chair by a corrupt judicial deal? the using him as a cor porate tool to veto the Newberry bill? the final base desertion of him by his republican co conspirators, any evi dence of a change of heart and a repu diation of the villainy by "the organiza tion?" T at . a was me appointment oi on the board of transportation as a reward for low down, sneaking, underhanded treachery rny evidence of it? An election is approaching. The Bee sees that something must be done to try to win back the voters. So it begins to send out this rotten, hypocritical bosh of repentence. The only dictum that has "gone forth" is in the editorial columns of the Bee, which is as con temptible a political strumpet as ever disgraced the annals of journalism. This vile Bee supported the corrupt nnion of the democratic and republican parties supported the brutal outrages by which Jim Boyd raped the elective franchise and stole tbe governor's chair supported the supreme court in its usurped control of a co-ordioate branch of the government supported the bribers of Collins and Taylor, and supports them to-day by every means in iu power; this viie, low-down sheet, which struts along with one foot in the slums and one in a bank parlor, preaching morality and battening on the wages of whisky and sin comes along with its repentant pre-election whine against corporation bosses when if it wa sot for iu corporation pap it would go to the wall in less than twen ty-four hours. No I The republican party has sinned away iti day of grace. It may nomi nate a candidate for supreme judge with the purity of Washington and the ability of Marshal or Story, yet the peo ple will not trust it. They have set out to clean the Augean stables of political rottenness and corruption in this state, and they will not let up until the job is thoroughly finished. MR. R0SEFATER OX FERXCH FI- XAACES. Under date of Vienna, August 15, Mr. Rosewater writes about the farmers and finances of France. In his eager ness to serve the money power and the men who hold the mortgage on the Bee building, Mr. Rosewaler betrays him self into somo very inconsistent state ments, and indulges in some very weak writing. We quote: While talking about French farmers, it may not be amltt to dispel a delusion under wbicb to many American farmers have been carried away by the clamor for free and unlimited coinage and "flat money." Tbe prevailing Impression It that the prosperity of tbe French farmer It due to the fact tbat the volume of money and particularly of silver ooln in circulation In France Is nearly double per capita at compared with the volu'ae of money In circulation In the United States. I have taken patnt to ascertain what, if any. relation the volume of silver currency hat In France to the general contentment of the ag ricultural classet, and find my former con clusions fully confirmed . In France the bulk of all purchases, taiet and payments are In caab. Drafts and checks are never uted by merchants, farmer! or working people. Their use it confined to the exchange! between banks. Eminent financiers compute the tranxactlons by check and drafts in France at lets than 20 per oent of tbe whole volume of business done, while in the United States, more than 95 per cent of all payments is by check and draft. This fact alone explains why to much silver currency it in actual cir. cu lot Ion In Franco, while in America nearly four hundred mliltoat of silver dollars re main in tbe national treasury, because people prefer tilvcr certificates and paper money exchangeable on demand for gold or silver. Please read the above extract criti cally. First. Mr. U. savs he has "taken pfdns to ascertain what if any relation the volume of silver currency has to the general contentment of the agricultural classes, and find my former conclusions fully confirmed." lJut we are left to guess what his former con clusions were. This is a very loose way of writing, and is intended to in duce the reader to infer Borne dreadful things against an increase of money, when no grounds for such inference exist. Mr. R. now states practically, that the bulk of all business is done in France on a cash basis. "Drafts and checks are never uned by merchants, farm ers or working people." He also states that of the whole volume of business in France less than 20 per cent is done with commercial paper, while 05 per cent is done in that way in this country. Then says Mr. R. "this fact alone ex plains why so much silver currency is in actual circulation in France, " etc. Now we submit that this is plainest case of putting the cart before the horse that we have seen in a long time. The people of France have about $52 of currency per capita, while the people of this country have only $24, of which more than half is hoarded in the treas. ury, or held as reserves by tho banks. It is only persons who have deposits in banks or credit money, who can use checks or drafts, only persons who have money on hand who can "make sales and payments in cash." If the people of this country had the cash they would do business on a cash basis. Not hav ing the cash they are compelled to do it on a credit basis, which forces all those who cannot draw checks and drafts to become the debtors of those who can draw them. This means that the poor man must give his note properly se cured either by endorsement or mort gage, and submit to the burden of in terest at such rates as circumstances render necessary. Tho practical re sults of these two systems are seen in the freedom of the farmers of France from debt, and the intolerable burden of debt under which the American farmers are struggling. Will Mr. Rosewater for a moment contend that the farmers, of this country would not make their "purcnase3, sales and payments in cash" if they had tho cash to do it with? Will he dare to argue that if prices had not been forced below a paying basis by the demonetization of silver and the contraction of currency in proportion to population and production they would not have had the cash? Mr. R.'s allusion to the silver dollars in tbe treasury is an unworthy subter fuge, or very loose writing. Every dollar in the treasury which is repre sented by a certificate is practically in circulation. If the people prefer cer tificates that only proves the superior quality of paper money. The difference between this country and France is that we have at least $35,000,000,000 of debt, while France is practically free from debt. The national debt of France is not felt as a burden because there is little or no private or municipal debt. In this country the national debt forms only a small part of the great aggregate. In this country, placing the average of interest at 6 per cent and tbe aggregate debt at $35,000,000,000, the enormous sum of $3,100,000,000 must be produced and applied to interest before the pro ducers can call a dollar their own. Add to this the daily burden caused by being forced to do business on a debt basis instead of a cash basis, and some idea may be obtained of the intolerable burdens of the American producers, and the happy condition of a country in which the peonle are free from debt. and can make their "sales, purchases ana payments won casn." LIBOR XKEDS A SQUXb CIR REXCY." Under the above caption the ignorant jake who mixes the financial hotchpotch for tbe Bee gets off a lot of falkcies which are intended to mislead men who do not understand the principles of money. The wiiter first quotes Senator Sher man's question "How can a farmer or laborer be benefited by a cheaper dol lar?" We will answer that question. But first, what is a cheaper dollar? It is a dollar which requires less corn. wheat, oats, pork or beef, or less hours of labor, to buy. The terms cheap or dear as applied to money do cot relate to the value of the material in the dol lars, but to the value or cost of the pro ducts or labor with which tbe farmer or laborer buys the dollars. Now about the benefit. How can a bond holder, banker, land-lord, or mon ey -loan er be benefited by a dearer dol lar By a depreciation of price or value which enables him to obtain a larger amount of products or wealth with a given number of the dollars. For in stance, if banker A is receiving $100 in terest on a inortgege for $1,000, and takes it in wheat, he will get twice as much wheat if wheat is selling for 50 cents per bushel than he will if it is sell ing for $1 .00 a bushel, though his interest is the same in each case. Dear dollars mean low prices. The men we have named are creditors. The men who paji the interest on their bonds and notes and rent on their lands, are their debt ors. Now, if dear dollars will benefit the creditors, cheap dollars will benefit the debtors. At this time the great mass of the American people are debtors, and a small proportion of them are creditors. As long as there is a debt of $30,000,- 000,000 in this country a cheap dollar is a desideratum to the people who owe the debt. This stupendous fact ought to settle this question, viz: for twenty-five years dollars have been growing dearer, wealth has been concentrating in fewer hands, and the farmers and laborers have been growing poorer. The fixed income class is at one end of the trade, aud the farmer and laborer are at the other. The purchasing power of money is vital to the former the pur chasing power of products and labor are vital to the latter. This always has been and always will be true. As loug as the farmer and la berer depend upon the margin of pro duction over subsistence for their accu mulation of -wealth, just so long will the purchasing power of products be vital to their welfare. So we say, in reply to Mf Sherman's question, that the cheap dollar will benefit the farmer and labor er by increasing the purchasing power of products and labor. So much forMr. Sherman. Now cones the Bee ignoramus and says "unless the silver dollar is worth as much as the gold dollar it will net buy as much food clothing as the gold dollar." John Sherman could never be tortured into making such a fool speech as that. The silver dollar is worth to day, intrinsically, 22 cents less than the gold dollar, and yet in the market, and at the bank, they are exactly equal, and one will buy as much food and clothing as the other. If the United States should coin a silver dollar worth intrinsically just half as much as the present one it would still be equal to the gold dollar in purchasing power. It is true the in crease of dollars involved in such a tran saction would, increase prices in propor tion; but if the gold and silver dollars were equally legal tender their purchas ing power would remain the same. To make the statement of tne Zfretrue dollars must be exchanged at the intrin sic value of the material composingthem. They are not so exchanged, any more than a deed or note are exchanged at the value of the paper on which they are written. Again the Bee says: "No government is powerful enough to lix the price of any thing." Indeed? Wholixesthe price of postage stamps? Who fixes the price of 25.8 grains of gold ? Who, from 1794 to 1873 fixed the price of 371 grains of silver? Who says to-day every time it coins a silver dollar that 371J grains of pure silver shall be worth a gold dol lar? The government. Money is a government monopoly. Money has no existence without govern ment sanction. The law of supply ar.d demand regulates the price of money in its relation to products. The govern ment by regulating the supply of money can regulate its- value or purchasing power to a nicety; and by such regula tion of supply can do exactly what the Bee says it can't do, that is fix the price that will buy the farm or the milk on the farm. After a long bit of ills that the Assays would result from inflation, the greatest being increased prices, it says "the last thing to go up would be wages." Which isn't true. One of the first thing to go up, when prices are boom ing, is wages. Raise prices and prosperity at once begins. When prosperity begins labor is all employed. Average wages are de termined by the number of idle days in a year. Employment all the time is the first boon that rising prosperity brings to the laborer. This prosperity contin ues only a short time before rising wages follow. There is no class more rapidly and snrely benefited by a raise in prices than the laborer. He is al ways doubly benefited first by full employment, next by advanced wages. So it goes. The advocacy of a bad cause involves the Bee in fse premises, false conclusions, and endlesn fallacies. We know of no party in this country that is advocating an unsound currency or dishonest dollar. Nor does the Bee. But it is bound to serve its masters, and its masters are the banks, the railroads and the shylocks.- & Hons. J. H. Powers, Wm. H. Dech, Eric Johnson, C. D. Shrader and P. B. Olson were here Labor Day, and are taking In the fair. THE PRICE OF BREA DSTl'F FS. Tte present situation in relation to bread supply is phenomenal, and has not bad a parallel for many years. Russia is the great granary from which western Europe draws the surply of wheat which is annually required to make op its own deficiency. Russia this year has so short a supply tfaat she has stopped exportation of grain, and has lowered the standard of her army bread ration. Germany, Sweden and France are in little better condition than Russia. .r hi!f there is ft sh' vn i in all tbe other European countries. Oiir crop failure last year exhausted our wheat supply, so the crop year opens with empty granaries in all the world. Never before in a century has thero been such a scarcity of breadstuff as there is today. In 1854 Russia wai barred from western Europe by the Crimean war, and tbat region had to look elsewhere for its bread supply. In all of that year wheat sold for $2 per bushel in gold throughout the Mississippi valley. There are a thousand farmers in Ne braska today, who then lived in the states of Ohio, Indiana. Illinois, Wis consin and Iowa, who iiold wheat at that price that year. To-day western Europe is not only cut off from Russia as a source of supply as effectually as if war existed, but that country has to buy and import large quantities for her own starving people. And yet to day wheat is selling in inte rior points in Nebraska for only seventy cents per bushel. In 1854 ocean transportation consisted almost entirely of sailing vessels, taking months to make the voyage. To-day we have ocean steamers which can make the trip in from six to ten days in ioo4 tne fastest commun.cation. was by steamship mail. To-day we have tho ocean telegraph which sends orders from Liverpool to Chicago and San Francisco in less than an hour. In 1854 months were required to gain in telligence of actual conditions. Now as soon as a situation is known news of it is flashed to every quarter of the globe. But to-day with all these ap parent advantages on the side of the producer he is failing to reap the ad vantage that naturally belongs to him from the situation. For the producer to-day to be on an equality with the producer in 1854 wheat should be selling for $2 per bushel throughout the Missis sippi and Missouri valleys. We are firmly convinced that the price must approximate that sum if the price of this crop is to at all ap proach the conditions of uupply in former years; and we have no hesita tion ia saying to all who can possibly do so, hold your wheat. But with notes at the bank drawing 2 or 3 per cent a month with two or three years' interest on the mortgage unpaid, and installments on the prin cipal falling due with all the accumu lated obligations of several years of light crops and one year of almost total failure, how many farmers of this state are there who are not compelled to turn their crops into ready money as soon as they can be put in marketable shape? The cause of the present low price of wheat, while all the conditions seem to demand a high price, is worthy of con sideration. What is it? First, the in creased facilities for quick communica tion aro taken advantage of by the commeicial class to aid combination. The commercial class is organized and combined against the producing class. The railways, the steamship companies, the boards of trade, the optioa dealers, the banl.s, constituting collectively the money-power, are combined to bear agricultural products until they are out of the hands of the producers. The railroad companies, with the great elevators, are grain speculators. Their interest is to have grain remain low until it is out of first hands. Short selling of grain alone on the boards of trade reduces the value of all our grain more than 10 per cent. The best authorities agree that ii the past ten years the farmers of the country would have received one thousand millions more for their products had not short selling become a prominent and profit able method of fixing values. How long will this vile system, which is purely the growth of republican misrule, be allowed to curse the country and rob its producers? In 1854 no such condi tion existed. Chicago was an innocent country village, and its board of trade had not been spawned from the pit. The contracted volume of our cur rency is against the producers. No fair comparison can be made between 1854 and this date; but the decline in farm products has been very marked in the past twenty years. In 1873 corn was worth 40 cents a bushel, and yielded $11.41 to the acre. In 1889 corn was worth only 28 cents a bushel, and yielded only $7.68 an acre. In 1873 the home value of wheat was $1.15, and it yielded to the farmer an average of $14.59 per acre. In 1889 its home value was only $0.69, and its value per acre.only $8.98. And so we could go through the wholo catalogue and find about the same result. The cause that produced this change, viz: the demone tization of silver and the gradual con traction of the money volume in pro portion to population and production, is still at work with full force. But the price of wheat specially is affected by the demonetization of silver for tke reason that silver buKion is admitted to free coinage into rupees in India al tho ratio of 15 to 1, er $1.37 an ounce. Prices in India in silver have not mate rially changed since 1873; consequently, as silver bullion falls, it takes less gold to get the silver to convert into rupees to pay for wheat. In other words, the same number of rupees will buy a given quantity of wheat in India, regardless of the gold cost of the rupees; hence, as silver goes down the gold cost of wheat in India is reduced, and as our surplus wheat goes to Liverpool in direct com- pe Jtion with the wheat of India, it most go down as iu gold cost in India goes down. Thus this crime agaisst one of our money metals operates in special manner against our wheat pro ducers. The cry of over-production can hard ly be raised this year. But the monop oasts must form come excuse for the very apparent fact that notwithstand ing npr bountiful crop our farmers will be almost as hard up next spring as thoy were last. BUYIXG BVLLI0X OR FREE COIXAUE. The absurdities and inconsistencies the singla-standard men are betrayed into in the advocacy of their views are amusing. In discussing this subject tbe Philadelphia Press pays: "Even if it were practicable to separate tne saver produced in American mines from that smelted from foreign ores or imported, there could be no possible eain. except to the silver mine owners, in providing for the free coinage of American silver. The government now buys as much as tne American mines produce, only it gets the bullion at the maiket price. If tne iree coinage was connned to Amer ican silver it would simply compel the people to pav $17,000,000 a year more to s few mine owners for precisely the same quantity of silver. Now what are the facts? Under the present law the fovernment buys bullion al its market price, issuing therefor treasury notes which may be redeemed in silver or gold, at the optioa of the government. These notes are not t legal tender that is, an express pro vision is inserted in the law enabling a stipulation against their legal tender quality to be made. Under this law a debt is being made today for the pur chase of silver bullion, and not a single silver dollar is being coined by the mints. Now what would be the condition under free coinage? Simply this: The mints would receive the bullion, assay it and coin it into dollars, which would be returned to the owner of the bullion, unless he preferred to deposit them with the government and receive cer tificates for them. There would be no purchase or sale involved. The gov eminent would not go into the markets and bear a leading American product, to the injury of the producers of it, as its agents are now doing in the pur chase of silver. It would restore silver to a parity with gold, just as io was from 1794 to 1873, and would make all silver bulliqn in existence in this conn try potentially money, as it was up to 1873. DECREASE OF FARM VALUES IX OHIO. Ten years ago says the Standard, the farms of that state were officially valued at $684,820,516, and during the inter vening panod improvements to the value of $40,815,730 have been added The farms ought, therefore, fairly to be worth at this time not lesstban $725, 642,255. But they are worth, on pre cisely the same basis of valuation as before, only $627,278,974, or $57,547,, 542 less than they were worth ten years ago. So it appears that the farms of Ohio have, within the decade just closed, so fallen in value as to obliterate over forty millions of improvement value, and nearly seventeen millions of land value on top of that. This goes to show that the single tax, in its applica tioa to farmers, would tend to fall. But only half the story is told. The real estate values of the villages, towns and cities of Ohio, which were but $412,683,314 ten years ago, have risen to $639,020,724. Since $93,000,000 of the latter sum represents improvements, the increase in land values is $133,343,- 410. This: net increase in urban land values contrasts sharply with the $16,- 31,803 decrease in farm land values. THE IRRIGATI0XC0XGRESS. There is to be an irrigation congress at Salt Lake City September 15, 16 and 17, to perfect a crusade upon congress for a great appropriation to dig ditches and tunnel mountains throughout what remains of the great American Desert, in the interest first of the companies that may be formed to do the work, and second of the poor dear farmers. Incidentally, the denizens of Salt Lake City will move upon the delegates in a body, as it were, to show them the vast ness of their resources and the unsur passed beauties of that vicinity as a place not only for homes but to accum ulate wealth in. If the congress will develop the exact truth about drouths and hot winds, and recommend the only practical and practicable means of preventing them, viz: the .storing of surplus water in ponds ill over the country by the farm ers themselves, it will have justified its existence. AX IXSL'LTIXG ARGL'.VEXT. We don't pick up a republican or corporation capper paper but what we find the stereotyped argument about the dissolution of the independent party as the result of the good crop of the prosen year. Ike Lansing, tho end man of the monopoly monkey show, comes home from Custer county with a fool yarn about some man who, by the grace of some benevolent banker, had stayed in Nebraska one more year, and the grand crop resulting had com pletely eradicated his foolish Alliance and independent notiens. Of course here in Lincoln where Ike Lansing h known, that he states anything is its sufficient refutation.- But the argu ment is a common one, nevertheless. It says to the farmers, "O yes, your movement was ail right last year; you were a hungry lot of grangers, and we don't blame you. But now you've got a belly full, just keep quiet. You don't know anything about political economy, finance or the science of government. You don't know what makes high prices or low prices; you don't know anything about interest, railroad rates or taxes. You don't understand the relations of labor and copital, the difference be tween money and wealth, nor in fact anything about money. Of coarse if you are hungry we expect you to make a fuss, as any baby would; but now you re well fed again, yon tend to your horses and pigs and cattle, and plant your wheat and corn, and we'll attend to this money question, and govern ment affairs, and politics, including filling the offices, etc." The "hogs in the parlor" Journal has been re-iterating this argument every day for the past two months, and every time it has done it it has flung an insult into the face of every intelligent and self-respecting farmer in the state. To permit this argument to have any force it must be conceded that the in dependent party is the growth of one year. And yet these men know that it has had a continued existence in this state for ten years, and that the agita tion which has brought it to its present condition has been going on continu ously for twenty years. They talk about the greenback party being dead, when as a matter of fact the greenback principles are only just beginning to be understood. Go ahead with your foolishness, gentlemen. You will learn before long that the farmers of this nation comprise the soundest, best educated, most intel ligent, most progressive, as well as most safely conservative class of people in these United States. BOX. J. U. BR0ADY. We publish below some remarks from the pen of J. D. Calhoun, editor of the Lincoln Herald, on Hon. J. H. Broady. W e desire to add that we heartily en dorse every word that can be said in commendation of Mr. Broady. He has long been known as an independent in the old 5th district. He was first nomi nated for the bench by the anti-monop olists, and was endorsed by the demo crats, and tbat order of his nomina tion was followed thereafter. Formerly a democrat, and neither a partisian nor a politician, which in a judge is emi nently proper, we do not know that Judge Broady ever formally changed his party; but in devotion to indepen dent principles there is no better inde pendent in this state. It is worth a fortune, or better, an angel's smile, to write kind words as graciously as does Bro. Calhoun. As we cannot do it, we quote him with our fulhst approval: "As stated elsewhere, if we are to have an attempt at anon-partisan selec tion, let m have Judge J. H. Broady of Beatrice. He is young, in every way qualified, a hard worker a man of the people and in touch with the people, utterly independent of railroad in fluence, yet devoid of the demagoguery which would pronounce against cor porations for the prize of popular favor,, a man who believes that law was made to serve men and not to rule them. Beueath his modest and unassuming exterior Judge Broady possesses a brain of perfect clearness, a heart as true as steel and a soul as honest as sunshine. He is a man of keen percep tion, of solid conviction, of dauntless- courage, of perfect courtesy, of supreme fidelity, of entire truth, and with the grace of tender kindliness and fellow ship. To place Broady on the supreme bench would bring it nearer to tho peo ple, would inspire them with respect for and confidence in it. and go far to wards removing the distrust of it that demagogues are artfully fanning in the public rniLd." GO AHEAD WITH THE IXFESTIG.i- . TI0X RACKET. Test and Livinghouse have resigned. Very Avell. Let the board of public lauds and buildings now push its in vestigations into the other public insti tutions. There is probably not one of them but will be found much more rot ten than the Kearney hospital. Start in with Tommy Benton, and go from him or with him to the pen and Charley Mosher. In fact, - it may be well enough to investigate these two together. We believe, if the truth could be shown, that they are the rot tenest pair in the United States. The people would like to know just where the 2,000 railroad passes and oceans of money that were used last winter came from. It is understood that Charlev Mosher courts investigation. Of course he didn't want a gang of raw grangers fooling around, so he soaped a chair man or two last winter. But he will not object to a committee of experts, doncherno, such as the board could fix up. And then, when public officials, such as senators, are bribed, and one of them run out cf the state, the people would like to know just who did it, and who furnished the mpiey. Of course we could tell them; but that wouldn't be official. We prefer to have it a matter of public record. One of the go-betweens is practicing law quite a prominent fellow. Another holds an honorable but rot very lucrative position in a public institution. No one would sus pect, meeting them on our streets, that they were black-hearted villains. But, they are. They are in for an annuity to Taylor. But they ought to be in the pen. Let 'er go Gallagher! There's millions in it. t"That McKinley bill is a bie thine. sure. The "hogs-in-the-parlor" Journal says that it "has cheapened the price of the necessaries of life, reduced the reve nues, shifted duties for the encourage ment or industries tnat have hitherto been unable to flourish on account of foreign competition, without appreci ably increasing the price of any article of common household use." Just think of the double compound, back action. reciprocating spring back of the pesky tning. tTi.e "stupendous 0$'!' which the monopoly press claims has in vaded America wiil bo a grand thing for the independents this fall. They can hire men to do their work and trim their exclusive attention to politics. We nope the prosperity will materalize.