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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 3, 1891)
THE FA11MEK8'. ALLIANCE; LINCOLN. NEHM THUltSDAY.'SEPT.a. 1C91.
'" PublUhed Irerr 8atardar bj
Tint Aluaxoc PuBusnrso Co.
Or. 11 U and M Bta, Lincoln, Neb.
3. Brow ....
.Burt nes Manarer
"In the beauty of the lillies
Christ vu born across the set,
' With a glory in his bosom
That transfigures you and me.
As he strove to moke men holy
Let us strive to make them free,
Since God ia marching on."
17 " ! ' Julia Ward Bout.
Laurel crowns cleave to deserts,
And power to him who power exerts.
'A ruddy drop of manly blood
The surging sea outweighs."
- . Emerson.
He who cannot reason is ft fool,
' He who will not reason is a coward.
He who dare not reason is a slave."
' Add reef all bnilneM communications to
A Ikla iim tM hMhin tr.
AtfdrtM matter for publication to Editor
Articles written on both sides of the paper
run na- verr ionf RsnmunKuiuu,
Mtnile cannot be uim.
Independent' Peoples' Ticket.
Independent State Ticket. .
Tor Associate Justice of Supreme Court,
For Regents of the University
A. DALLEMAND. of Furnas Co.
E. A. HADLEY, of Greeley Co.
, , Independent County Ticket. , .
Tor District Judges ' ' , ; ;
t WM. LEESE, I "ii'.yK rr
A. S. TIBBETTS,
OLIVER W. CROMWELL.
For County Treasurer
.0. HULL, Mill Precinct.
WM. F. ELFELDT, Buda.
For Clerk of District Court
ELIAS BAKER, of Lincoln.
For Cnunty Clerk
WM. S. DEMAREE,
. . . Saltillo Precinct.
For County Superintendent ,
Prof. H. S. BOWEitS, Lincoln.
For County Commissioner
Little Salt Precinct.
For County Judge
W. 8. WYNN, of Lincoln. V
DR. HOSMER, of Lincoln.
For County Surveyor : j
J. A. ROBINSON, of Lincoln.'
For Justices of the Peace
J. C. McNERNY,
H. C. PALMER.
r. A. J.WARWICK.
Assessors, First ward, Wheatley Mlck
elwalte; Second ward, C. II. Waite;
Third ward, John Currie; Fourth ward,
K. E. Kemp; Fifth ward. II. L. Klock;
Birth ward, C. Marshal; Seventh ward,
Chm n State Central Com.
J. V. WOLFE.
Sec'y State Central Com.
. C. II. PIRTLE. ' ,
PUBLISHED WEKKXT AT
CORNER tlTH AND M STREETS,
THE LEADING INDEPENDENT
PAPER IN THE STATE.
J. BURROWS, Editor.
J. !!; THOMPSON, Business Ma'gr.
Present size and form eight ages, seven
column quarto. Largest weekly paper pub
lished in Nebraska.
. Complete in Every Department.
Advertising Rtei made known on appliea-
,-, ' ' tiOB. '
Siisscriptlon, $1.25 per annum Invariably In
ClUBKAKS. I've annual tubeorlptloM $3.00.
X'arUes sending clubs as above war add sin
tie subscriptions atolub rates.
Tan Aluasci one year and Looking
, (-! . , Backward post paid $1 60
"" " " Labor and Capital 1 to
" " Car's Column.... Jto
" " Our Republican ;
Monarchy 1 40
' " " Cashiers M amial
paper covers.... ISO
Cloth covers 160
" Whither are we ,
s V Drifting.....;,-- a at
"V." 6mitYi Jitagrani"
and Rales 1 60
.v Bricc's Financial
Catechism 1 60
" , " Bakor's Mosey Mo.
1 1 '. -' nopoly.. 186
- BJohard's Crown... .150
' Theaborebooksforas'eat this offioe and
went port paid on reoe'pt of price as follows;
jAosog naoawara .....JOeta.
labor and Capital..... !...".!ota.
Our Republican Monarchy ... .ZScta.
CUeMnrs Manual, Paper oovers.. asots.
-7 'it- Clot oovers Mots.
Smith's Diagram and rules Met.
Whither are we Drifting ...II 50.
Brtoe'i Financial Catechism... socta.
Wr Money Monopoly.,...;, sSota.
tUchard'i Crown 50c t.
ALLIANCE fUB. CO.. ImCOLM, Htt.
THE SET'ENTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT.
1b Seventh district consists of Sa
line, Fillmore, Thayer, Nuckolls and
Clay counties, and elects two judges.
u is witneut aouDt true that there are
many able men in those counties abund
antly qualified for the position ofdia
trict judge, whose political affiliations
sera with the independents. - The selec
tion of judge should be made from these
smb. ,We have heard but few names
mentioned, and we hare no personal
preferences in the matter. The men
we hare beard spoken of are Palmer of
Saline, and John L Epperson of Clay,
A friend ia Fillmore county in whom
-we bare great confidence speaks very
Uglily of Mr. Epperson.- :
teo titers nix miziuxTi
This question Is oae 'that the grtut
plain people of this country should bring
botre to their hearts far prayerful con
sideration. The very apparent opinion
of the two leading candidates for that
office, Messrs. Cleveland and Harrison,
is that the money power, represented by
Wall and Broad streets, exercises a con
trolling influence in the selection of its
incumbent. No doubt a great propor
tion of the voters of the great plain peo
pie think that the president is selected
by the untrammeled suffrages of a ma
jority of themselves. In February, 18a3,
just before his first inauguration, in
pursuance without any doubt of an
agreement made with the Wall street
moguls, Mr. Cleveland declared in favor
of the suspension of silver coinage, and
against free coinage. He has since and
quite lately taken occasion to reiterate
those views. Mr. Harrison quite lately
said at Albany, and again at BenniDg'
ton, that there should be no free coin
age of silver during his administration.
Since Mr. Cleveland's first silver letter
there has been a great change of sent!
ment in regard to free coinage. In July
last the United States Senate passed a
free coinage bill by a majority of twenty
nine votes a very remarkable and de
cisive vote. The gains of the west and
south In the last fall's election was in
favor of free silver, and there is little
doubt that at this time a good msjority
of both houses of Congress are in favor
of that measure. But in the face of these
facts both of the men who have their
ambitions set for a second term in the
white bouse think that good political
policy demands that they should place
themselves on the side of the money
power instead of the people, In order to
compass their ambition.
President Harrison knows full well
that silver was demonetized to diminish
the volume of money so as to enhance
the value of fixed incomes and Increase
the purchasing power of money, so that
interest would command more wealth
He knows that this was done, not in the
interest of the capitalists even, but in
the interest of that very small propor
tion of the capitalists who handle money
capital. He knows that every organi
zation of farmers and wage-earners in
the country have demanded free coinage.
He knows that the men who demone- j
tized silver would demonetize gold quite
quite as soon if circumstances favored
and their interiors demanded it. Ho
knows that both houses of congress .re
in favor of freecolnage. He knows that
the, wealth-producing portions of the
country favor it. He knows the peop.e
and the business Interests of the country
are sorely in need of more money. He
knows that the growth of population
and business has so far outstripped the
increase of money that our industries are
paralyzed and the nation groaning un
der a burden of nearly or quite forty
thousand millions of debt, and are threat- j
ened with universal bankruptcy. ! Yet
in the face of all these facts he delibe
rately turns his back upon the great
plain people and becomes the champion
of a mere moiety of freebooters and
robbers who fatten upon the misfortunes
of their countrymen. And he does this
because he believes this little moiety of
our population exercise more power in
'.he election of a president than does all
the rest of the people. And it is true.
It is time the people began to inquire
what this power is and how it is exer
cised. First, it is r.on-partisan. It is
organized for business. Its politics is
business. It so arranges matters that
hlchever party wins it gots there.
"Heade I win, tails you lose." It makes
such a show of power that the candi- i
dates of both parties think it necessary !
to truckle to it; and yet in a contest on
its actual merits it has not enough votes
to carry an election in the First Nebras
ka Congressional District. What is it?
It Is money and organization? It is
greed personified. There isn't a single
principle of patriotism, a single pulsa
tion of desire for the welfare of the peo
ple, a single throb of love of home or
native hind involved in it. It is the
pure, hated, satanio upirit of mammon,
'The least erected spirit that fell
It has a national banking association,
comprising as members over five thou
sand banks, with head quarters In Walj
street. The tentacles of this enormous
devil-fish reach into evory towaaud
hamlet. Through these tentacles it
controls the delegates to the national
conventions not one but both and sees
to it that only its friends the Harrisons,
Clevelands, Shermans and Blalnes
have any standing in national conven
tions. . Through its tentacles and its
fina organization it controls the clearing
houses, the miats, the treasury, the
cabinet the President, the nation. How
long since its commitiea marched into
the white house and forced the veto of a
funding bill on a threat to bankrupt the
government in thirty days?
People, how do you like it? Go right
on voting the old party tickets, pad you
will go right on voting for a tool the
money power . has set up you will go
right on voting your oppressors Into
palaces and younielves into the peor
house. A DEMORALIZED ENEMY.
Last week an Omaha committee of
republicans and democrats were in this
city to confer with leading members of
those parties here in regard to a combi
nation ticket this fall. Thus our re
peated statements that there was no is
sue between those parties except the
one of plunder is again verified. In
face of the danger of defeat they prefer
to rush into each others' arms as they
did in the legislature last winter. But
they are torn with internal dissensions.
The federal office-holders having na
tional interests to look after, and caring
more for the integrity of their party in
V3 than for local success this year, an
opposed to all unholy combinations. U.
S. Atlerne7 Baker was here at the same
timo with the commi'.tee, earnestly op
posing fusion. The republican U. S.
castors wQl prolmiily both cppone it.
So with counaels divided in tbi matter,
with the rank and tile of both ponies in
open revolt, and with a large indepen
dent msjority apparent, we may look
for blunders and a weak campaign. The
Bee appears to be opposed to fusion. It
' Any political combination which rep
resent the corporations and arrays it
self solidly again.it the farmers will suf
fer and deserve a humiliating defeat,
and the parties to such a combine will
be thoroughly demoralized so far as fu
ture political influence is concerned."
Well, no "political combination" can
t a - t t-k J . it. .
corporations." The corpora-ions are
the ones who are now running both
parties. The element which is opposed
to corporation domination has left them
in a body, and wili not be lured back
this year by any siren song that can be
sung by corporation attorneys and cap
pers. "Thy shepherds slumber, thy
sheep are scattered upon the mountains,
and no man gathereth them."
CO OPERATIVE STORES.
The most practicable and easiest ap
plied plan for self-help by farmers is the
co-operative store. Any commanity of
fifty farmers will amply support one,
and the protit on the sale of the goods
will go to the purchasers of the goods
instead of the middleman. There is no
way known to us by which the farmer
can so easily cat his cake and keep it
as by the co-operative store. Trade is
capital. When thirty or forty or fifty
farmers agree to combine their trade,
agree to buy their goods a'- their own
store for cash or ready pay, and secure
a competent and reliable person to con
duct the store, they have achieved suc
cess. These fifty farmers can put in
twenty dollars each, which will make
an abundant capital for a start. The
co-operators must uupport their own
store, and induce their friends to do
likewise; buy and sell (.trictly for canh
or ready pay; cut no prices; give fair
prices for honest goods. The beating
down the prices of the products of la
bor is beating down the price of labor
itself. All prosperity is based upon a
fair price for labor itself, so matter
whether that labor is beitowed on land
or in the workshop. Wherever are
cheapest markets there are also found
the most human toil and suffering, and
the expenditure of the very life-blood
oi overworked ana underpaid men,
women and children,
Co-operative stores should bo started
in every town and hamlet where there
is enough farmers' trade to support a
store. The capital contributed should
receive a fair rate of interest, say 6 per
cent, and the profits over expenses and
capital charge should lie distributed to
the shareholders pro rata on the amount
of their purohases. , For instance, if A
put in $10 and B $20 of capital, A would
receive interest on $10 and B on $20.
And if A's trade in a quarter amounted
to $100 and B's trade to $200, A would
receive the profit on $100 and B the
protit cn $200. That is, every share
holder would receive, after all expenses
and interest were paid, the profit on the
amount of his own purchases.
The co-operative store is the nucleus
around which grows every other enter
prise. The grocery and dry goods store
will soon extend to the implement store,
the coal house and elevator, the lumber
yard and farnievs' bank. Why not?
The farmers' families would supply the
talent and labor to run all these enter
prises. There would be no less labor
and no iewer consumers in the commu
nity. The only change would be that
the man who made the trade, who con
sumed the goods, would have the profit
V e hope to live to see all the farmers'
trade in this state conducted by co-operative
MR. POWERS' APPQIXTMMT,
Mr. Powers has been mildly criticized
for accepting an appointment on the
Nebraska World's Fair Commission. It
should be understood that the law rais
ing the commission made the appoint
ment of two independents imperative.
Of course, being compelled to appoint
independents, Gov. Thayer was anxious
to make the most creditable ones possi
ble. Neither Mr. Powers nor the other
independents appointed knew anything
of the matter until they received official
notice of their appointment: We are
able to state that Mr. Powers' appoint
ment will not prevent him from answer
ing all calls that may be made upon him
in this state, as his alternate, Hon.' Eric
Johnson, will fill his place on the Com
mission for the next two months. -.
ANOTHER SQUEAL FROM THE SEE.
The republican party of Nebraska is
strong enough to grapple with the pres
ent situation if private interests, corpor
ate inter-meddling, and pot house poli
tics are sidetracked for honesty of pur
pose, the public good and able leader
ship. We have no patience with people
who would throw down their arms, turn
to the enemy and beg for quarter with
out striking a blow. Bee oflTth. -.
If the Bee will side-track the vices it
mentions it will side-track its partyand
leave .the independents, who possess all
the virtues named, on the main line.
THE WORLD'S FAIR COMMISSION.
The executive committees of the
World's Fair Commissions of the differ,
ent states hold a meeting at Chicago on
Wednesday, Sept. 2d. This is a very
important meeting, and has for its ob
ject to harmonize and unify the action
of the states in the great work of mak
ing a successful exposition. All the of
ficers of the Nebraska Commission will
attend. .v '. 'a V.'-'-'ht'CiZv
t&r Tho "hogs in the parlor? Journal
is on the mend. , It took an article from
the Youth' Companion tho other day and
used it almost verbatim for a leading ed.
itorial. If it will take its editorials from
the Companion it may get to be a decent
paper. Of course stealing is a trifle
compared with the Journal'! ordinary
THE RAILROAD EMPL0 YES AXD THE
John M. Thurston, having been re
leased from the wduous duties of presi
dent of the republican league,' finds it
necessary. In order to fairly earn his
salary of $13,000 a year, to engage in
the work of organizing the railroad
employes into a railroad employes'
protective association. Ia addition to
the motive n&med above John has
yearning sympathy with the railroad
employes which is strikingly shown by
this attempt to organize them. That
this deep human sympathy for these
men has not been shown in other direc
tions, has not cropped out in attempts to
raise the wages of section hands above
$1.15 er day has not been illustrated
by his charitble visits to their families-
has not been proved by the Interest he
might have taken in workmen's homes
and schools for workmen's children,
etc., must not be set down against
John s account. It must not be forgot
ten that John has not only had the
supervision of the law business of that
great corporation, but that he has also
had its political interests to lock after,
and that it takes a great deal of down
right hard work to earn $12,000 a year.
If any man should basely intimate that
there is any politics in this attempt to
form a It. li. employes' protective asso
ciation shoot him pn the spot.
And what do you suppose the E. K.
employes need protecting against?
Danger of accidents, bad couplings,
danger from fires or explosions? train
robbers, bogus lightning rod men.
swindling insurance agents, marriage
associations? or any other kind of bunco
s tee re rs? Ono! none of theso. Tbey
need protection from the assaults of the
farmers. It has become necessary to
demonstrate to these railroad employes
that the farmers are their enemies
that a reduction of rates means less
railroad employes and less wages that
the reduction of force which some of
the roads have been compelled to make
on account of poor crops and hard
times was caused by granger agitation
and that unless that agitation can be
stopped the railroad business will be
entirely demoralized, and no more
freight will be carried to and fro in the
land, nor shipped out of it. John says
that by reason of hostile and unjust
laws, intended to win the farmer vote,
the legislature or railway commissions
of several western states have reduced
rates below a paying basis, thus bring
ing about the discharge of many rail
way employes and the reduction of the
pay of others. He recites that the num
ber of railway employes in Iowa was
more than 5,000 less in 1889 than in
1888; and in Minnesota thero wero in
1889 iearly800 fewer employes than
1888, and this because of hostile railway
It is true that a schedule of rates was
fixed by the Iowa stato commission
whicn did in a small degree reduce
local rates in that state. But Mr.
Thurston's assertion, that rates have
been reduced "below a paying basis,"
is entirely untrue. The schedule of
freight rates in Iowa was passed by the
22nd General Assembly in 1888. The
Iowa roads continued right along in
business, ind have been fairly prosper
ous since that date. If the rates had
been reduced "below a paying basis"
they could not have done so. Besides,
under the Iowa law the courts are open
to them to show that the legal rates
were unreasonable; but rather than go
into the courts with their books and
accounts and prove the injustice of the
rates, they chose to accept the schedules
and obey the law. The day the law
actually reduces the rates "below a pay
ing basis" the roads will be in the
courts to prove that fact. As long as
the roads of this country are pacing 4
per cent net on four thousand millions
of v ater the day of "reduction below a
paying basis" will be wind.
The statement that there were 5,000
less II. 11. employes in Iowa in 1869 than
than in 188S is entirely untrue. In
Minnesota only 800 fewer are reported.
The absurdity and recklessness of such
statements will be seen when we state
that in 1887 thero were 8,446 miles of
road in Minnesota, and only 3,490 in
The success cf John's association de
mands that the employes must be con
vinced that their interests and the inter
ests of the organized farmers are an
tagonistic. The fact is that thore is no
antagonism between those classes, and
that when one of them is prosperous all
are prosperous. The prosperity- of all
other classes of producers hinges more
on the prosperity of farmers than upon
any other thing. If farmers are selling
their crops below cost of production
trade stagnates, enterprises are at a
stand, and labor is idle. When labor is
unemployed competition among labor
ers is sharp and wages are low.
This brings us to a vital point in this
contention. The operators contend
that reduction of rates by law compels
them to reduce force and pay lower
wages. Neither of these claims is true.
No reduction of rates by law has ever
yet been made that reached the point
of cutting operating expenses. No
such reduction ever can be made as
long as stock watering continues. The
rates apportioned to fictitious securities
in the way of interest are the surplusage
which remains after all legitimate
operating expenses are met. While the
interest account is a fixed charge, the
stock dividend account is not; and it is
this account which fluctuates with bad
seasons, depression of business, compe
tition, etc. , 4 ,
All managers aim to keep their ope
rating expenses as low as possible, with
out regard to the revenues of the road.
A superintendent who would employ a
useless number of men, or pay higher
wages than the competitive market
compelled him to, simply because the
revenues of his road were adequate to
do it, would be fired forthwith. .
The number of men employed by a
corporation depends apon the bulk of
its business. A man doci n more
work when rates are low than when
tbey are high. The bulk of business up
to a certain point is Increased by low
rates. There are kinds of merchandise
that are not transported because freights
eat up their value. If any person
thinks lower passenger rates would not
increase travel let him watch the sum
mer excursion trains. If increased
business makes more hands necessary,
and if lower rales increase business,
then lower rates will be a blessing to
railroad employes Instead of an injury.
And we have no doubt they would.
Every experiment that has ever been
made in lower fares, has increased
business and increased the income of
This brings us to the principle which
If any man supposes a railroad cor
poration fixes wages on a philanthropic
principle, or pays in proportion to it
ability, he is greatly mistaken. Com
petition, mat is, tbe number oi em
ployers in proportion to the employed,
nxes wages, down to the starvation
point. When that point is reached
competition ceases. When the general
attorney of a railroad corporation
which asks a section hand to subsist
himself and family, and lay by a com
petency for sickness and old age, upon
$1.15 per day, talks to railroad employes
abcut freight rates fixing wages, he
shows an amount of gall which it will
be impossible to find ia any other man
on earth. Railroad builders, contract
ors and operators go into tbe open
market for labor, and buy labor for
what it is selling for. Anything that
tends to stagnate enterprise and in
crease the number of idle laborers,
forces down the labor market. High
transportation rates form a potent
factor in these agencies. But whether
rates ere high or low, it is bulk of busi-
uess and tho condition of the labor
market that alone determine the num
ber of railroad employes and the wages
The protective association which
Attorney Thurston is forming is simpiy
a political machine of the same char
acter as the republican league and the
young republican club, and the beards
of trade and chambers of commerce
which the corporations keep on tap in
most of the cities of the state. The
laboring men of the Cities are studying
these questions for themselves, and we
doubt whether any considerable num
ber of railroad employes can be made
to believe that their interests are
antagoni.stic to those of the other pro
ducers of wealth.
We have no patience with a republi
can who proposes an unconditional sur
render in the face of an eno ny who has
thus far been successful oniv because he
surprised us and fought us from ambus
The Bee evidently considers combina
tion with the democracy "unconditional
surrender." But if wo remember aright
the Bee sang quite another song
last winter. Then . a corrupt union
of republicans and democrats to
hold tbe loaves and fishes,' and defeat
the people's choice, was all right. The
Bee had not only plenty of patience last
winter, but it applauded and defended
the vile and unnatural combination.
What's the difference ? The Bee will find
the present case just as desperate as was
the one last winter more desperate, in
fact. Then combination baved their ba
con for a little while. Now they will be
defeated if tbey don't combine, and will
be annihilated if they do. But what
does the Bee mean by saying they were
"surprised and fought from ambuscade."
Was there ever a more open fight than
the independents made last fall If there
was an ambuscade last fall there will be
a double one this year. If the Bee was
surprised last year, it will be simply
dumfounded next November.
THE ADAMS COUNTY INDEPENDENT
We believe the independents of Adams
county have put an exceptionally good
ticket in the field, and we are more
than anxious that it should be elected.
Adams county is first in the alphabet,
and when her name is called in the in
dependent roll next November, we want
'all here" to sing out sharply in re
ply. George Lynde is on the ticket for
clerk of district court. He is a follower
of the art preservative of all arts, and
probably a member of the guild of
printers. But more than that, he is an
honest and earnest independent, and a
man who fearlessly and ably speaks his
opinions in his well-editod paper, Our
Own Opinion. We want every indepen
dent in Adams county te vote for him,
and obtain one vote from the outside,
if there are enough in the county to do
it. We wish to add that there must be
no foolishness about those Adams coun
ty resolutions. If we have any friends
in that county and we know we have
many we ask them, in token of that
friendship, to utterly forget those reso
lutions, and to prove by their acts that
they have forgotten. We want Adams
co ucty at the head of the list, in fact as
VERY GOOD IF TRUE, AND UNDOUBT
Savs the Bee of September 1, "The
farmers of Nebraska and their allies in
the cities and towns far outnumber all
other classes of voters in the state."
Again it says: "The republican party
has already been drifted well on towards
its ruin by the manipulation of the cor
Both of which statements are very
GRAND INDEPENDENT RALLY AT
The independents had a grand rally at
David City last week. There were more
voters In the procession than the inde
pendents cast votes in Butler county last
fall, viz: over seven hundred. Judge
Wheeler and other able speakers ad.
dressed the crowd.
HT Allen T. Field and tbe Burrs
sleep in tbe same bed. Field belong to
them, and they belong to the corpora
tions. Do tbe people want Field for
judge any longer?
Will A. D. Burr get the republican
nomination for clerk of district court
With either Burr or Harris Sizer will be
all right They are three birds of the
same color. Whoever is nominated
will be turned over to our baker.
g The Journal says it can lie about
Burrows aid his friends insulting Van
Wyck at Hastings without taking any
stock in Van Wyck. Well, it can. If
there is anything it can't lie about we
wish some one would name it.
Repcblico-Democrats: "To com
bine or not to combine that is the
Independent. "Vichever ye please,
mum. Ye pays yer money, ye takes yer
ch'ice. The show'll go right on, jist the
tFWe forgot to mention the matter
at the proper time, but it isn't too late
to say that Hon. B. F. Poynter made a
first class presiding officer at the stato
convention. Cool, ready, tolerant,
courteous, he made no mistakes, and
won golden opinions from every one.
The independent judicial ticket
in the 4th or Omaha district must be an
exceptionally good one. The Bee is
out in a long editorial in opposition to
it. It savs there are three other rood
lawyers in Omaha who ought to have
been nominated. We are glad the tale
wasn't exhausted by the independents.
The ticket will probably be elected.
ESThere is a United States District
Judge not far from this neck o' woods
who eught to be put in the penitentiary
during good behavior. If he didn't be
have he ought to be bung. A lawyer
who is his right bower, and uses his
court for a slop-bucket, iniends to ask
the people of this county for a position
this fall. When congress meets some
republican judges may be investigated.
Pienty of pointers can be had in this
Hon. T. A. Bland, of Washington,
has replied to John'Sherman's speech
about the honest dollar. The reply is
crushing. We hope to be able to print
it next week.
"John Sherman entered public life in
1854. He was then a poor man. He
has received in salaries a total of 190,-
000. He has supported bis family in
fashionable style. He is now a multi
millionaire." How did he get it? When
he was secretary of the treasury, 1877 to
1881, he wai a stockholder and director
of the First National Bank of New York,
and he kept on deposit in that bank from
$100,000,000 to $125,000,000, on which
the bank did not pay the government a
cent of interest, but on which the bank
probably made $5,000,000 a year, or $20,
000,000 for the four years.
TO 01 R FRIENDS.
Read our Campaign Advertisement,
and send in the names. Now is the
time to get in good work for the inde
DEMOCRATS OF SAUNDERS COUNTY.
These people met in Wahoo Saturday
last. They had not enough candidates
to make up a ticket, but nominated as
long as they held out. They will go it
alone very much alone indeed.
TWELFTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT.
In the judicial convention of the
Twelfth Judicial district, hell at Min
den, Mr. Holcomb, of Broken Bow, was
nominated for judge, and will be
JUDICIAL CONVENTION IN
This convention was held at Burwell,
on Saturday, the 29th. All the counties
were represented. J. R. Thompson, of
Hall, and Mr. Bartley, of Garfield, were
nominated for judges.
The lawyers are about the smallest
of any prominent class. Tbey also
comprise within their number the larg
est number of scalawags and unprinci
pled shysters. They are interested par
ties as far as the courts are concerned,
being themselves integral parts ot every
court. Now they propose that the re
spectable portion of the community
shall stand back and let them name the
judges, on the non-partisan plea. It
this wouldn't come under the name of
class legislation we don't know what
wou'd. The gall of the proposition is
monumental. Whatever shuffle takes
place Field will be a candidate. The
corporations can't dispense with him,
but the people can.
Ia another column we publish the
program for Labor Day, which is on
Monday next. A parade is to be at
tempted, though at this busy time it
can hardly be expected to be a great
success. This celebration of Labor Day
is entirely non partisan in its character,
therefore all can join in it. So we hope
that every farmer in the county will
join the procession with his team.
Floats and devices are not necessary,
though perfectly proper.
All the workingmen's societies and
unions, the Alliances, old soldiers,
governor and staff, mayor and city
council, and company D, Nebraska
National Guards, will participate in the
The parade will move north on
Eleventh to N, to Tenth, to O, to Elev
enth, to N, to Twelfth, to M, to Thir
teenth, to N. to Fifteenth, to O, to
Eleventh, to P, to Ninth.
When the head of the parade has
reached Ninth street all organizations
on foot will march to B. & M. depot
and take train for park. All mounted
and in vehicles will turn south at P
street to F street, tbenee to Cushman
State Alliance Finances
Report of Special Committee Showing
the Exact Condition of the Treasury.
A person in Otoe county having
rtated in the County Alliance that
Burrows and Thompson were living
high in Lincoln on Alliance money, and
other statements having ten made in
the opposition press, of the extravagant
receipts of the State Alliance, the ex
ecutive corjmitts, at its meeting at
Hastings on the 18th. aonointed a sub
committee, consisting of Messrs. Allen
Root, of Douglas caunty, and B. F.
Allen, of Cass county, to make a
thorough examination of the books of
the secretary and treasurer, and report
such facts as they found to exist. The
examination has been made, and the
following is their report. The commit
tee ttfought proper to make oath to this
report for publication. This is not
done in the expectation 'of stopping the
slanders of the corporation press, but
to furnish reliable information to mem
bers of tbe Alliance who may think
there is some foundation for the slander
ous statements that have been made.
We also append a statement from
State Agent Hartley as to any business
connection persons in the Alliance have
with the state agency.
We trust these statements will put at
rest the "vile slanders as to any persons
using the Alliance in any way for their
Lincoln, Neb., Aug. 31, 1891.
To the Executive Committee of the Ne
braska State Farmers' Alliance:
We the undersigned, a committee
appointed by you to examine the books,
accounts and vouchers of the secretary
treasurer of the State Alliance, would
lhat we have carefully examined
Said books, accounts and vouchers, and
find that the amount of money on hand
at the date of last report, December 6,
ibhu, was a 6,941.82
That the total amount re
ceived from fees and dues, and
all ether sources, since said
report, is $ 5,465.00
Making a total of $12,406.82
We also rind that the total
amount expended since date of
said report, Dec. 6, 1890, is...$ 9,928.82
Leaving a balance on hand of $ 2,478.00
We also find that $2,767.63 of tho
above expenditure was for relief fund.
We also find that the vouchers and ac
counts of all of said expenditures are
We also find that of the Subordinate
Alliances, 743 have paid dues, and that
182 Alliances have been organized, of
which a portion have paid initiation
fees and dues, and a portion initiation
fees only. We also find that the dues
of 1,257 Alliances have been remitted
on account of the failure ot crops last
We also find that the bonds of the
secretary-treasurer are ample for the
security of the monies of the Alliance;
that the said treasurer alone handles
said monies, and that he and his bonds
men are alone responsible for their safe
keeping; and that all matters connected
with the treasury of said Alliance, and
the books and accounts of the treasurer,
are in a perfectly satisfactory condi
tion, and that no monies have been
misappropriated or improperly used or
invested. Allen Root.
seal B. F. Allen. .
Signed in my presence and sworn to
this 31st day of August, A. D. 1891.
Edwin M. Lamb,
Lincoln, Neb., Sept. 1, 18j81.
State of Nebraska, )
Lancaster Co. )
J. W. Hartley being duly sworn,
deposes and says, that he is the duly
appointed state ageut of tbe Nebraska
State Farmers' Alliance; that he has
sole charge of the business affairs of
said agency, under a contract with the
State Alliance executive committee,
with which he consults in regard to said
business; and that neither J. Burrows,
J. M. Thompson, nor any other officer
of the State Alliance has now, or ever
has had, any money invested in the
business of said agency, or has received
any profit, income, emolument or any
advantage whatever from the establish
ment of said state agency, or from its
business since established. Mr. Burrows,
as chairman of the executive committee,
has an advisory supervision of the busi
ness; and his care has always been that
the business should be honestly and
efficiently conducted for the advantage
of the members of the Alliance; and he
never has sought any personal advan
tage from the same in any manner what
ever. J. W. Hartley.
Subscribed in my presence and sworn
to before me this 1st day of September,
A. D. 1891. Wm. Lbese,
We have received from a dozen coun
ties duriug the past week letters of en
couragement and endorsement such as
any one might be proud of. To these
friends we return thanks, and sav to
them that their confidence shall never
be betrayed. We would print these
letters if our modesty permitted. We
give a sample below, selecting it for
Pilgeu, Neb., Aug. 28, '91.
Hon. Jat Burrows. Lincoln. Dear
Brother and Comrade: Stand to your
guns! The great plain people of Ne
braska are vour bodv-cruard. You are
cutting the fuse the right length. The
shells are exploding in tho enemy's
works, causing great carnage, killing
the artillery horses and picking off the
The farmers of Nebraska will Dull the
lanyard in November that will cause
the d dest explosion that was ever
heard in tbe boodler's camp.
I see Bro. Dech has been mixing
grape, canister and solid shot and
throvring into the camp of R. R.
Yours forever in the good cause,
A discontented slave on a Nebraska
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