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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 6, 1891)
THE SOUL'S ERRAND.
Wr Walter jUelsa. tbe ntrM prrrUxitio
Go col, the body's pet",
- Cpoo a thasklws errand:
Tesr not to touch the best.
. The truth (baa be thy warrant ;
Go, sine I needs mtut die.
And five the world tbe lie.
Go, tell the court St glows
And shines like rotten wood;
Go, tell the church it shew,
What's good and doth no good;
' XI church and csnrt reply.
Then give them both the lie.
Tell potentate they live,
Acting by other'! actioni;
Holloed, unleuthey give;
Not strong, but by their factions;
If potentates reply
Give potentates the lie.
Tell men of b'.gh condition.
That rule affairs of state,
Tbeir purpose is ambition.
Their practice only hate;
And if they once reply.
Then give them all the lie.
Tell them that brave it mest.
They beg for more by spending,
Who, in their .greatest cost,
Seek nothing but commending;
And if they make reply,
Then give them all the lie.
Tell seal it lacks devotion.
Tell love it is but lust,
Tell time it is but motion.
Tell flesh it Is but dust;
, Ar.ih lnem not n&y '
or thou must give the lie.
Tell age it daily wasteth.
Tell honor how it alters,
Tell beauty how she blasteth.
Tell tavor bow she falters;
And as tbey shall reply.
Give every one the lie.
Tell wit how much it wrangle
, In treble points of elceness;.
Tell wisdom she entangks
Herself in over-wiseness;
And when they do reply.
Stragbt give them both the lie.
Tell physic of her boldness.
Tell skill of its pretension,
Tell charity of coldness,
Tell law of its contention;
And as they do reply,
80 give them still tbe lie.
Tell fortune of her blindness.
Tell nature of decay,
Tell friendship of unkindness.
Tell justice of delay;
And if they will reply,
Then give them all tbe lie.
Tell arts they have no soundness,
But vary by esteeming.
Tell schools they want profoundness
And stand too much on seeming.
' II arts and schools reply,
Give arts and schools tbe lie.
. Tell faith it's fled Use city,
Tell how tbe country erreth,
Tell manhood shakes off pity,
Tell virtue least preferretb;
And if they do reply,
Spare not to give the lie.
When thon hast, as I
Commanded thee, done blabbing,
Although to give the lie
Deserves no less than stabbing,
t Yet, stab at thee who will,
No stab the soul can kill.
' BACK TO THE LAND." '
To Uie land, to tbe land! From Its dust we
And still to Its verdure our footiteps bave
Fair childhood bath I ported In innocence fay
Where the Held flowers 'brotder with beauty
From garden and wlldwood the lover hath
Brigbt blooms meet to offer tbe queen of his
ad beautiful age, with sweet brow of calm,
ee:sUie light breeze of evening breathe
blessing and balm,
While she roams in the Fait with lover and
And sml e the blue skies as of old tbey bad
Shall Hope's blossoms wither a drop from tbe
And Memory darken? No! back te the land!
. In the dew of the morning the long furrow
While blithe In Its wake tbe glad sower press
Kejctotag in faith of the harvest to' come
With plenty and peace for the loved of bis
But the toll of the bondsmen tie largesse re
Bavrth's seed time end harvest that dull tillage
Bhall Monopoly's tool to his "quarters" slink
With the bloodhounds of slavery stlH on his
Shall the vision of home be a maddening
the brain hath forgotten to hope or to
Shall we barter our birthright, a&d prodigals
"Wil husks for our vintage? No I back to the
fireat storehouse of Nature, accursed be the
That locked from earth's children thy treat-
urea away, .
And gave to the grasp of tbe robber the key
Tkat was meant but to open and leave thy
But the hoar hath sounded; the great clock
' of Time
Bath marked on the dial the death stroke of
The strife of the sges is on; shall we dare
To falter and palter our trust to foreswar?
BhaU we traffic in souls while our geld is piled
Or, in Poverty's shadow, shrink, craven, te
, Oar heritage beckons: rings forth tbe com
mand, ; ...
Goyeo and posstss it!" Sack, back to
Baa Luis Obispo, CaL.
Frances M. Miua.
Antelope County Alliance.
Eum. Neb.. July 87. 1881.
EnrvAB Alliance: At a regular
acwCiosof Antelope County Farmers'
Alliance held July 13th, 1391 tbe follow
lrrotleere were elected: l
iW, II. C Bartholomew, Crelgh-Vice-rreeideut,
S. C. Farirchilds,
Or.1 W'y-TreM , L. H- Suiter,
Lecturer, 8. 0. FnSrchild.. Oak
sfatoT Chaplain. George Clark, Elgin;
IioOTkrr. f . C. Taylor, Ciearwater.
J, Ml. tKnXAJi, JKs. Co. feecy.
A NOBLE ADDRESS FROM
Are Womon Intewsttd in the Struggles
of the Bread wmnners?
Peoria Alliance. No. 1127,
July 29. 1891.
PrjiK Suites or Ixdcstkt: Did tbe
friendly suggestions and invitation,
which apppeared in these columns some
week since, catch your eye? I have
Manned every issue since, hoping to see
a response; bat it seems all are waiting
for an example. Now, that Bro. Bur
rows asks for addresses, to which he
can send samples of this, oar paper, I ac
cept both invitations, and hope I shall
not be alone in it.
I cannot make my reform papers
(this Aixianos is one of them) go
around to all my friends in tbe east, as
many are needing them at home, and
some issues of our Alliance pipers are
toe dear to part vith for tbe valuable
facts and figures tbey contain; but this
has been my plan to "spreaa tne iignt
ever since before last lau s election.
Now, mothers, wives and sisters, u you
do not feel competent or willing to un
dertake the task of reasoning much on
the disputed question, you surely must
be interested in this noble struggle 'of
our voters, to banish poverty, oppres
sion and corruption from our land.
This is only to be done by extending tbe
educational influence of the industrial
organizations. You can each week bad
some time to read articles devoted to
reform if yen will. Or this, talk with
Alliance men occasionally until you
bave an understanding of their objects
and plans, and I feel confident you will
not fail to catch the enthusiasm which
fires the minds and hearts of our lead
ers, and thousands of noble, humane
and generous souls in ail tne states.
Have you thought bow easily you may
help on the great work now ripe for
this feneration' You can carefully save
every reform paper that comes to your
souse, jwen ao not minx, or eise nave
cot time to do this. Aid your husband
er brother in displaying the best arti
cles to visitors; loan them, give them,
send to your fneuds at a distat.ee, as
our editor suggests, and when possible,
mark tbe best writings.
Has not every Alliance one or two
active workers in woman's ranks? Oh,
ves! surely there is; then take up your
pen, sisters, and give us a few notes of
encouragement, with something of your
personal views and hopes.
We have eight (I believe) lady mem
bers, while ethers not in the Alliance
are evincing an interest in politics,
(tbeir bread and butter they now see)
such as 1 never saw before.
How it makes my heart ache to hear
a mother say, "I don't see but what we
are getting along all right; everything
seems veil enough; I don't wan't to
bother my bead with it." The essence
of ignorance and selfishness it seems at
first, and yet, many such have really j
kind and sympathetic hearts. Tbe
trouble is they allow the narrow limits
of borne, whetber pleasant or other
wise, to shut out from reason and ten
der hearts the miseries and axieties of
those less fortunate than themselves.
Let ns not be daunted by such replies,
but try every tactic of our sex to reach
their dormant sympathies. "Woman's
tongue" of such great renown, should
not oe easier silenced because it engages
to defend equal rights and justice ta all.
Spread the glad news of the "people's
party," and tbe grandest gathering, of
the times; circulate the Cincinnati
platform, and find addresses there
given. I notice with pleasure that
many Alliances are endorsing that plat
form. I think county officers and dele
gates should see to it that every sub
Alliance discusses every plank of it
thoroughly, and prepare to give it
hearty endorsement soon. We must do
it right earnestly if we are to win in
1892, not only that Alliance men may
be in line to vote for the right, but to be
able to bring In recruits for the tinal
conflict. They will be needed sorely,
and great as the necessity is to win the
state battles, to elect a "man" for the
now dishonored position of judge of the
supreme court of Nebraska, it is yet
more Important that we secure a third-
psrty president (and thereby cabinet
officers) wholly in svmpatby with the
people, as also incorruptible congress
men. Since state laws cannot give an In
crease of currency, nor accomplish the
government ownership and operation
of railroads, the only permanent cure,
let us concentrate our energies to make
the campaign of "93 a brilliant page in
Dear sistere, I plead with you. spare a
little of your precious time, for these
burning questions, l ours for equality,
MRS. A. .LUCAS.
Tbe Ohio Convention and Honest(?) John
Editor Alliance: At the Ohio re
publican convention "Honest" John
Sherman said, "the demand for free
coinage of silver without limit is a de
mand that the people of the United
States shall pay for silver bullion more
than its market price a demand which
ought not to be made by the producer
of any commodity. There is no justice
or equity in it, and if granted by the
United States alone would demonetize
D There is a neatly veiled admission in
this paragraph. For years these hoary
headed hirelings of the gold aristocracy
bave sworn that the cause of the fall in
the price of silver bullion was due to
increased supply, improved machinery,
etc., but like all schemes which depend
on falsehood and sophestry for their
support its advocates sooner or later
disclose their own villainy. The scoun
drels who have sold their country, and
for 23 years have been delivering it are
now doubling on their tracks for cover
at every point.
If remonetization and free coinage
will advance tbe price of silver then
demonetization and limited coinage is
and has been the cause of the fall in
price. At tbe commencemt-ut of this
war on silver four or five of the great
nations of the earth demonetized it. Its
market value quickly fell off one-fourth
Its demonetization in the United States
in 1873 was procured through means
and methods which stamp John Sher
man, Jira Blaine and their companions
in crime as traitors to the people. And
from '.he throats of these hired puppet
oi tne tola bona plutocracy went up
bowl against tbe worthless and danger
ous white metal. With palid cheeks
they pointed to its mpid decline in
Dries iind rsottirratulatt d the neeula on
having such able financiers at tbe bead
aa to toresee this rapid decline ana de
THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, AUGUST C,
monetize it just before it fell. Now,
"llenest John," the people are about to
repudiate yon and your criminal finan
ciering. You need not be surprised if
the desperate efforts yon are making to
discredit one metal should teach tne
people to discard them both. The bot
tom fact which underlies this silver war
is this. Through boundless villainy
and criminal legislation, by nullifica
tion of the constitution, a burden of
debt has been placed noon the nation,
the states, counties, towns, cities and
individuals, the interest of which if it
must be paid in gold valuation will ab
sorb every dollars worth of wealth
which can be produced. Anl this is
tbe scheme; the debt holders prefer to
hold bonds, notes, mortgages, stocks,
etc., which will absorb the nation's
wealth rather thaa to own the land, or
own tbe slave that til's it. For under
tnis modern plan the slave must
pay the taxes and all other expenses,
feed and clothe himself, and the rich
get tbe profits of his toil and land with
out a care. And you, John Sherman,
have been one of tbe principal in
struments to bring this about. Now,
what keeps up the price of gold? Be
cause it is universally used to stamp
money on. Let half a dozen nations
demonetize it just as they did silver, and
its market value will drop more than
silver did. This being true, aid your
conclusions at the head of this letter
being correct, then tbe people are now
paying from 80 per cent to 40 per cent
more for gold to use to print their law
created money on, than its real value.
And you wish to shove this speculative
price still higher by excluding silver
from tbe mints, and give to gold the ab
solute power in tbe domain of money
metal, and every notch that gold goes
up forces labor and its products down,
and this, yoa understand, is the "finis"
of your scheme. Prices must be so low
that interest, taxes, dividends, etc., will
take all tbe production and the debts
will be paid and humanity be free from
your cursed thrall. It means that we
must psy all these law created debts in
gold which we never own, but must
borrow, and then toil each succeeding
year to get it back from you to pay you
again. This Is the treadmill of financial
slavery, but it shall cease The people
are fast learning of these gigantic
schemes of robbery, so beware.
H. G. Stewart.
Where do We Belong.
Editor Alliance: Is the indepen
dent movement simply a matter of ex
pediency for two or three classes cf
citizens, or does it offer moral and real
national questions to voters who are
not farmers; and does it want recruits
from non partizan citizens? I ask for
information and not to provoke discus
sion. I am a young voter who would
like to take some Interest in politics as
any American citizen ought to. Yet
my experience thus far has been far
from encouraging. I can see little that
politics offers to any one who cares for
the best interests of the country and its
One of of our leading reviews recent
ly contained an article appealing to
young men to enter politics. The
writer was a partizan of one of the
strong national parties. He spoke of
tbe apathy oi the rising generation
toward politics and lamented tbe fact.
Mr. Editor, I cannot see how young
citizens can be blamed for lack of inter
est if their observations have resulted
like mine. How can any man, young or
old, enter politics when tne issues oi
the dominant parties are to "get into
power and hold their jobs."
we nave been oewiiaerea oy tne
blowing of trumpets in '.he great na
tional political ranks concerning an is
sue that neither party dare to touch in
earnest, l his has gone on lor a nail
score of years, and nothing has been
ceomplished. In our own state we
have seen a certain party sacrifice a
part of its ticket because it suited a
certain faction to do it. In the guberna-
rial contest, one of our leading dames
criticised the decision of tbe supreme
court because that decision would be
detrimental to the party under whose
rule the judges had been elected. Who
can have faith in a party when its or
gans care more for parties than for jus
tiee, and will plainly say sot
rrom what I can observe it seems to
me that many young men, intelligent
and even patriotic, take no part in poli
tics because they do not care to enter
the ranks of wire pullers and pig weed
.Now. Mr. h-ditor, wnat aoos tne mae-
pendent party have to offer to an earn
est young voter? It seems to have life
at least, mere are men in u wno soern
to be trving to wreck it in their blind
ness. Is it going to catch and bold the
honest and substantial element of the
riease answer u you nave space to
Good Words from Sheridan County.
Rcshville, Neb., July 27, 1891.
Editor Alliance: We have had
two notable events in the independent
movement in tbia county this month.
The first was Hon. O. M. Kern's char
acteristic and eloquent speech to a large
and appreciative audience, mostly farm
ers, their wives, sons and daughters, on
the 8th. The second was that of As
sistant State Lecturer B.F.Pratt on
the 25th. Both were powerful speeches
in their educational effects, creating in
tense enthusiasm and greatly augment
ing both the volume and velocity of the
reform wave which is rapidly washing
tbeold party ignorance ana prejudice
from the minds of the great, common,
patient, wealth producing people of this
section. Brother Pratt is the right man
in the right place powerful in mental
and physical proportions, with his ex-
naustless wit, wisdom, logic, illustrative
anecdotes and sarcasm ingeniously
blended he holds his audience securely
for hours. He is now engaged with
Bro. Hull in visiting and lecturing to
all Alliances in our state, and great is
tbe amount of good which must cer
tainly result from their efforts.
At the conclusion of his lecture Here,
to what was called an open Alliance
meeting, arrangments were started for
another meeting in this county at Hay.
springs, to De addressed by mm on
Monday the 27th. From there he will
go westward to other counties.
L. P. CCMMINS.
Passed by the Nance County Farmers'
Alliance in session July 25, 1891, and
Resell ed, That tbe Nance county
Farmero' Alliance endorse the Cincin
nati platform and pledge to the new
people's party our earnest support.
Besolctd, That we pledge our united
support to the candidates to be nomi
nated by the people's party, both state
and county, in so far as they are capable
and honorable men; but hearlily de
nounce any seeking office through po
litical chicanery, in opposition to our
own declared principle o "lettheomce
seek the man." W. P. Hatten,
Sec'y Nance Co. Alliance.
Speech Mala by Mrs. Daniel Jones at the
Dodge County Alliance Picnic
Mb. Fbemdek r. Ladies and Gextle-
On the 18th of April, 1775, tbe
cannons of Lexington called a new born
nation to regenerate the world. The
people rose as one mm, and turning
their ploughshares, that tilled the soil,
into swords to defend it, they threw
themselves npon their unjust oppressors
and proclaimed the immortal principles
of self-government that made tyrants
tremble and every generous heart palpi
tate with joyful hope.
At that moment a new name was in
scribed on tbe catalogue of great nations.
Tbe long and bloody, but, successful
Revolutionary War broke the chains of
slavery, and offered to the astonished
world the most sublime spectacle of an
cient or modern times the fusion of all
races, tongues and the one political re
ligion of Liberty. And on account of
the victory of our forefathers over op
pression we are assembled to-day to
celebrate tbe event.
To the voters of America is entrusted
tbe holiest treasure that man was ever
enjoined to guard the liberty of our
country and tbe protection of our re
publican principles and institution.
How well it has been preserved in tbe
past, the proud position which she holds
in the rank of nations tells more elo
quently than words. Whether we shall
go on from victory to victory depends
upon you who bold in your hands the
power to make her what you will, and
whoie votes must decide her destiny.
A selfish consideration or party interests
or reckless strife for power at the cost
of principles, is unworthy of men to
whom so much has been entrusted.
A wise citizen will study well and
carefully the principles of all political
parties of the times, study and under
stand thoroughly the platform of his
own party to be sure it is right, and be
able in every possible way to aid it
and secure its success. And he will be
equally familiar with tbe platform of
the party he opposes, to know if it is
wrong, where it is wrong, in what in
jurious to tne country, and how he can
best work to defeat it. No man has a
moral right to give bis vote to advance
a measure that he knows is wrong, or
that he does not surely know is right.
It is a lamentable fact that men rush to
the ballot box and deposit their votes
by thousands, when a large majority
are so ignorant of the first elements of
their duty as jcarcely to know which
party the man for whom they bave
voted belongs, and to know nothing, ab
solutely nothing of what his life has been,
or whether he has any real claim upon
them for support or merit which quali
fies him for the office to which he is being
We are far from asking that every
man be a professional politician, but
that, knowing from his boyhood that he
will one day be called upon to take this
position, and that he cannot avoid a cit
izen's responslbilities'bowever he may
neglect a citizen's duties. In voting a
man cannot confine the consequences of
bis act to himself, but it extends to all
who come under the influence of those
whom he heipn to elect. As the welfare
of others has been entrusted to you, it
is only just that you should cultivate
your knowledge upon everything which
concerns you as a citizen and voter.
Another point of vital interest is, tLat
you have no right to be careless or in
different upon these matters. You bave
no right to sit down and fold your hands
while the battle between right and
wrong rages around you, ana say it
matters not who is victorious. You
have no right to close your eyes to dan
ger that threatens your country, and say
you are neutral, for neutrality is either
cowardice, treason, or ignorance. Never
forget for a moment that the majority
rules, and if the majority is on the side
of tbe wrong. wrong wiU triumph. The
people have it in their power to rule for
good. Farmers, a new party has been
started called the People's or Independ
ent party, to correct abuses existing in
the old parties and to give the farmers
and laboring men equal laws and rights
with the banker, money loaner and
millionaires. Too long have you been
considered "country ialces" clod hoppers,
with no mind of vour own. Only last
week the editor of a Dodge County pa
per told me that the farmers were not
capablo of running this government,
that tbey were Ignorant and uneducated,
and that the majority of them would not
take any newspaper to become posted
upon the affairs of the day. He said
last fall if the Alliance had put a yellow
dog on the ticket for governor they
would not have any more sense than to
vote for it. Sir, I said, if the farmers
voted for a yellow dog that dog would
do them no harm. But what did you
drt Ynn pner. venr tMa fnr flnrprnnr
rBoyd. and thereby defeated the wishes
of the people an l proved a traitor to
tbcni. Sir, I think the farmers would
have had more sense in voting for a yel
low dog then you did In voting for Gov
One great wrong we wish to see
crushed is the railroad monopolv. In
18G7 the government loaned the Union
Pacific railroad $33,513,000 six per cent
bonds and gave it an immense land
giant for tbe purpose of building up the
west. The road has been used to enrich
the managers, and its high rates have
been such as to oppress the settlers
along its route. According to the re
port of the attorney general of Nebraska
the freight charges on this road are 50
per cent higher than on Iowa railroads
that have received no government aid.
This road although paying in ten years
a.io aaa Aim : J?: J .1 .
over $28,000,000 in dividends to its stock
holders, has never paid tbe coupons on
its bonds. These the goveriment have
been compelled to pay, and now
tbe principal and interest. And the nn
paid coupons now amount to nearly
JG6.000.000. Now farmers is not this
class legislation? I think you will all
say yes. Horn the AlLanc demands tne
government to foreclose its lien on the
road, and tnat no favors oe granted u
The question before tbe people of this
country now is. shall Jay uouia oe per
mitted to run bis railroad trust. Who
owns the United States, JayJiouldor
the people? Is congress under tbe con
trol of millionaire, or are they the
servants of the people?
Again the Independent party wants
a change in the banking system of our
country; for they are completely dis
gnsted with paving high rates of interest
to bankers who ought not to have any
more special privileges from the gov
ernment then tbey have. "Acts of
Congress" have brought great prosperity
to railroad corporations by granting
them large amounts of . public lands,
and lending them tbe national credit,
through the medium of bonds. The
prosperity of a class of citizens in Wa1!
street has been very csrelnlly guarded
by ' Acts of Congress" which gave the
Secretary of tbe Treasury power to put
out many millions of dollars to pay as
premiums in bonds to rescue tnee per
sons from their gambling debts. But
when tbo pec pie presume to suggest
that tbeir own prosperity might be fos
tered by an "act of congress, they are
insulted by tbe party in power. "Now
what the People 's Party demand is that
money shall be issued upon land secur
ity as now upon bond security. ' Under
the present system the government
taxes the people for the amount of tbe
interest on tbe security (tbe bonds) and
the bankers charge them interest on the
loans they make of the money they pro
cure on the bonds, tbe whole amounting
to about 14 per cent. Now the Alliance
plan is to issue the money direct upon
tbe land, tbe interest on such issues to
be paid to the government by such
owners of land as receive the money.
Can any fair-minded man see anything
wrong in this plan to solve the financial
question. With our national currency
restricted as it is and issued upon a false
system, it is certainly difficult to see how
we can get along without a continuance
of the mortgage system. But whh the
contraction of currency and the mort
gage system carried forward as it has
been for the past ten years, its inevita
ble ending would be universal bank
ruptcy. 1 hey would be about like Pat
who fell into a well and while trying to
get out would climb three feet and fall
back four. At last stopping in his en
deavor, he scratched his head and said,
"Bedad at the rate I am climbing how
long will it take to get to the top.'."
Farmers, two hundred and seventy
years have we been toiling in this coun
try. We have conquered the wilderness,
peopled the solitudes. We bave removed
ed forests, opened highways, established
commerce and builded a nation that
leads all others in agriculture and man
ufactures, with half of tbe railroads of
the entire world. Yet with all we have
done, we find to-day our profits are di
minished, we find our wants multiplying
and our profits divided.
Our statesmen are drifting away from
the people, and we find that tire masses
are going gradually downward while
the aristocracy are going upward. The
men and women who builded this coun
try, the men and women who in justice
owned this country are to-day under
the weight of a debt that is absolutely
impossible for them to relieve them
selves of under ordinary conditions and.
yet these men and women are denounced
because they are endeavoring to obtain
Attend tbe Primaries.
Cambridge, Neb., July 20, 1891.
Editor Alliance: Will you please
urge through the medium of your pa
per the extreme necessity for independ
ents to attend the primaries when they
The railroad cappers of this the 14th
judicial district openly assert that they
will capture the independent judicial
convention of this district if possible
How can this be done but through the
primaries ana county conventions. I he
old party wire workers failed to beat us
at the general election last fall, and
they wui try to beat us before election
this fall. All independents should at
tend the primaries in full force if they
wish to lay the foundation for success
in November. Tbe republicans have
given up all hope of electing a judge in
this district on their own ticket, and
will use every possible means to force
one of their corporate tools upon the
independents. Kespectiuhy your,
W. J. H
Still Falling to Pieces.
Brainakd, Neb., July 29. 1891 .
Editor Alliance: I would just say
our Alliance No. 869 is still gaining in
numbers. Our members are enthusi
astic in favor of the independent princi
ples and can be depended upon as true
Alliance men. -
We heartily give our support to the
State Alliance paper.
We say thanks to its editors for the
support they have given us in defend
ing the rights of the laboring people
I cant write suitable for publishing;
would it X could. i ours,
S. H. Dakmell.
Resolutions Adopted by the County As
sembly of the K. of L. for Dodge
Omaha, Neb., July 27, 1891.
Whereas, We believe some action
should be taken to draw the working
people of the country and city nearer
together so tbey may come to a clear
understanding with each other; and,
wherbas, All working people s in
terests are tbe same whetber in city or
hekeas, v e are greatly in need of
the proper literature tor the education
of the people of umaha on tne econo
mic questions; therefore be it
Resolved, That we the members of the
County Assembly of K. of L. of Douglas
county, JNeb., do Hereby ast the secre
taries of the different Farmers' Alliance
organizations throughout the state to
coiiect such papers as The Farmers'
Alliance, Nebraska Independent and
other reform papers from tbe members
after they have read them and forward
the same to this Assembly; be it further
Resolved, That this Assembly appoint
a committee to receive such papers and
distribute tbe same to tbe different la
bor organizations in the city, and that
a copy of these resolutions be sent to
The Farmers' Alliance and Xebras
ka Independent for publication.
I). Clem Deayer,
County Master Workman.
All papers can be sent to
IX Clem Deayer
832 Soutft 19th St, Omaha, Neb.
Independent papers please copy.
Fillmore County Alliance.
Resolutions passed at a regular met t
Ingof tbe Fillmore County Alliance
held July 14, 1891. .
Resolved, That this County Alliance
tender its thanks to their representa
tives of the last legislature for the faith
ful discharge of their duties to this
Resolved, That this Alliance fully en
dorse the action of the Cincinnati Con
ference, and are in hearty sympathy
with the objects therein set forth.
Resolved, That we take immediate ac
tion in regard to forming a Creamery
company for the members of this Alli
ance and the iarmers at large.
Resolved, That this Alliance is in fa
vor of taking some steps whereby a
mutual insurance company may be
formed. G. M.Piehson.
Missouri is certainly a wonderful
state. When a man steals a horse or a
cow the mob gets out and bangs him
with neatness and dispatch, but when
the state treasurer. Noland, stole t40,-
000 from the state, trial was put off
nearly two years and then he was only
sentenced fcr two years in the pen. On,
it makes a great difference whether
you are a successful politician or omy
a private. Superior Guide.
Editor Farmers' Alliance: To the
farmers themselves, the righteousness
of their cause is reason sufficient for its
popularity; but to most ether classes
the secured recognition is accounted for
only by the vast numbers that have been
enlisted. The fact that ridicule is bow
confined mainly to the comic papers
does not prove that the city bred man
has lost any of his feeling of superiority
over the country man, and the farmers
have still an open question in this fan
cied superiority. It will not do to dis
miss it with a "pooh," for it is a subject
that might stand for discussion and ac
tion in any Alliance meeting. I speak
of it as fancied superiority only from a
farmer standpoint; if the higher calling
and living does not exist, then wby not?
He of the city, however poor, cannot
help coming in contact with forms of
life and living that must be diligently
sought by the farmer. He is thrown in
the way of art and science, often by no
virtue of bis own, he is rubbed against
cultured people as well as those indiffer
ently polished, and he meets questioners
every day that send him to the papers
and to libraries perforce.
We live in thought, and every mo
ment of our lives jaust be thought out
before it can be lived out. Yoa cannot
even go out and feed the pigs without
first thinking, "I will now ' go out and
feed the pigs." "We should count time
by heart throbs; be most lives who
thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the
best." If tbe farmer will give no thought
to things higher than his pigs and pota
toes, can any thing extraneous make
him any better than s serf? Does he de
serve to be any better? The treasuries
of art, science, literature have not much
in common with the stable and the field,
for while nature is always superior to
art, the natural man in the same sense
is a wild man. We do not question
that every man is ef royal birth in this
country, but we are obliged to inquire if
birth alone is sufficient to qualify one
man to be the equal of every other,
What then, gives rank? The answer in
the words of William Matthews is, "Un
less a man has trained himself for his
chance, tbe chance will only make him
ridiculous. A great occasion is worth
to a man exactly what his antecedents
have enabled him to make it." Ah!
then, are we in training?
Why should a copy of Shakespeare be
a scarce article in tbe farm house? Let
us ask any news dealer bow many of
his Century customers are from the
country. A farmer would even be
called hard names if he drove to the
city some pleasant evening to hear and
see some great tragedy or drama. Pro
vision stores and meat shops are prime
essentials to every community, so that
purely animal nourishment shall never
lack, but provisions for the higher na
ture, for tbe real life to which eating
and sleeping are but adjuncts, is made
a secondary consideration. ' What farm
er has a real pride in his collection of
engravings; indeed bis walls would
generally be bare, not to mention the
possession of a portfolio, were it not for
the women of the household. Bless
these women! you cannot suppress their
instinct anywhere. And then the farm
er says he ha: no time for such things,
no time to provide for his own pleasure
while he is so busy making it possible
for others to live in a world of which
he only catches faint glimpses. This
same farmer that passed tbe eight hour
law now getting so much attention,
passed it against his own inclinations,
because his heart went out to his fellow
laborer in the cities. He considered
carefully the reasons for its justice;
that the laborer might have time to
spend in cultivating himself and his
family, that opportunity might be al
lowed for more enjoyment than can be
gotten from bread and beer. Is the
great unselfishness of these farmers not
really phenomenal? Thus refusing to
avail themselves of their own measure
which is certainly one of the most hu
'mane eyer passed by any legislature
No one needs these short hours of labor
more than the farmer, who is placed at
some disadvantage because of his dis
tance from tbe usual sources of culture
If he cannot make a living on so much
labor then this must become the ulti
mate end of the Alliance. Those out
side of the order can know nothing of
what is discussed in its meetings, but
tne Alliance papers cucaiu bo nine ou
these lines that a conclusion is very
naturally drawn that if the Alliance
has no higher aim than to obtain a lit
tie more of such things as any animal
enjoys, its period of usefulness will be
brief. .Life is not worm tne living as a
mere existence. A very proper ques
tion for these times and for all times is.
"How may we live more nobly, how
may we thins, more, now may we act
best." J. a.
THE ALLIANCE OF CHASE COUN
TY "GOING TO PIECES."
The "Pieces" are very Large,
Imperial, Neb., Jnly 8, 1S91,
Editor Alliance: Notwithstanding
the fact that a bountiful harvest is de
manding the attention of our farmers,
representatives from all Alliances and
precincts in the county met in County
Alliance yesterday. After the usual
routine of business the customary pro
gram was postponed and the audience
adjourned to a tent provided for the oc
casion, and listened with marked at
tention to a well timed and appropri
ate address from Brother Hull. The
general expression is that Bro. Hull is
a tremendous power for good to our
cause, and a fearless expounder of the
nature and causes of the existing evils
Our enemies are trying to make it ap
pear that interest in tbe Alliance is
abaiting. that our numbers grow less
rather than greater. The secretary's
report shows that at the present time
tbere is over ow mem oers in our county,
were less than oou
A gain of over 20
The following resolutions were passed
Whereas, The republican and demo
cratic parties, so called, of this state,
baring joined themselves together for
tbe annuiitation oi ail independent peo
dIp. and said parties being owned soul
and body by the corporations; therefore
Resolved, By the Chase County Alli
ance in regular meeting assembled, that
we nrge upon all independents to stand,
firm in the cause, and furthermore, in
asmuch as all manner of schemes are
being used and resorted to by member
of said parties to disrupt and cause dis
sension in tne ranks of the Alliance,
we therefore urge all Alliances to be on
tbe lookout. Watch! watch! Sift every
report and watch!
e furthermore recommend the pas
sage of resolutions recomended to be
passed by the Lancaster County Alli
ance July 10th. C. L. Brainard,
Cheyenne County in the Same fix.
Editor Farmers Alliance: Pur
suant to call, tbe Cheyenne county Al
liance met in Sidney, Nebiaska,- July
!4th and 25th. The following were
elected as officers for the ensuing term-.
P. Waitman. president: J. Hebert.
vice-president; Flora A. Wilcox, secre
tary. There was a very largo attend
ance of delegates several driving a dis
tance of from 75 to 100 miles. We had
by far the most enthusiastic meeting-
ever held in Cheyenne county combin
ing the prospect of a most bountiful
crop with the prospect of a successful
People's ticket. We of the drouthi
stricken district have mucn reason lor
rejoicing. F. A. Wilcox, Secretary.
Dundy County to tbe Front With a Full
Harvest and a Good Crop oi In
dependents. Stratton, Neb., July 27, 1891.
Editor Farmers' Alliance: As I
never see anything in your paper con
cerning this county, I thought I would
drop a few lines. The crops in these
parts looks immense, thanks to some of
our Alliance brothers of the East in
sending as seed and feed. The wheat
and rye crop is about all harvested, and
will average twenty (20) to twenty-five
(25) bushels per acre, and corn could not
look better. Farmers are all in good
spirits for the campaign to elect an in
dependent ticket this fall. The Dundy
County Alliance met according to call,
July 23, with a full representation from.
every order, but one, and elected the
following officers: J. B. O'Neal, presi
dent; J. S. McPberson, vice-president v
James Burbam, secretary; W. K.
Swaisgood, treasurer; C. W. Phelps,
There is a greater interest taken in
the independent movement this fall than
there was last fall. I think Dundw
county will be solid in '92.
Secretary Dandy County Farmers,"
Resolutions Adopted by Hopewell Alli
ance No. 844.
Whereas. We believe it is the duty
of every honest reformer to see to it
that nothing but pure and stainless
men be nominated lor state, county and
township offices this coming fall. There-
lore be it,
Resolved, That we the members of
Hopewell Alliance No. 84 i will not sup-
Eort any man for office of trust wh
as not worked and voted with us at
tho last general election, and who does,
not stand squarely on the Cincinnati
platform, nor will we support any man
who will not pay his honest debts, and
who will accept free passes, bribes, fav
ors or wbo is in debt to sucn an extent
that he is influenced or controlled by-
bankers, lawyers and 3 per cent sharks.
IjrEO. JJISCHEL, beCy.
Resolutions Adopted by Center Alliance:
Alliance No. 806 deem it necessary !to
ufe all the means in our power to keep
traitors out of our camp, and that we
will not support any man for office who
undertakes to controll the primaries to
secure his nomination.
Resolved. That we wi'l not support
any man for office who was not con
nected with the independent movement
at the last general election.
Ci.DITHaKAND, JHHN a. 15ARRY,
Six Months' Failures.
The total number of mercantile fail
ures in the United States during the first
half of the present year was 6,037. It
shows au increase of 571 as compared
with the corresponding period 01 1890,
and beats the record of all previous
years, except 1885, which in the said,
period exceeded this by 69 failures only
but this in turn exceeds 1885 in the
amount of liabilities by tbe sum of $23,
000,000. As the process of wealth-concentration-
is remarkably well illustrated by the
progress of bankruptcy, we submit to
our readers the following table, which
shows the number of failures in the
United States for the first six months of.
the last twelve years:
Year Failures Year
Tha number of failuaes has nearly
trebled since 1880; it is nearly five times
as large as it was before 1870. At the
same time there has been a large and
steady decrease in the average liabilities
of bankrupts. Taking successive periods,
of five years, we find that the average
amount of liabilities per failure was 840,
735 from 1871 to 1875, inclusive; 819,583;
from 1876 to 1880; $16,383 from 1881 to.
1885; and $12,928 from 1886 to 1890.
As we expressed it elsewhere: "Such
is the law of our present industrial or
der. Second and third rate houses be
come, is a class, weaker in means and
credit, and the number of competitors
that monopoly, in its irresistible march
onward, is able to freeze out, is con
stantly growing larger. On tbe other
hand great houses become stronger and
panics are less frequent. But let a panic
come, we shall then see a battle of giants
in tbe railroad world, for instance, a
Vanderbilt and his men-at-arm against
a Gould and his compeers; the like of it
in each of our industries; in the end,
closer, tighter, bigger, heayier monopo
lies everywhere. , But in times of de
pression like tbe present giants must be
content with the slaughter of pigmies.
Tbey slaughter them mercilessly, to
clear the ground for the next titanic en
counter, regardless of the industrious
ant, the puny laborer, who creeps under
the feet of all." We advance no theory.
The fact is there, glaring, as we state it.
In tbe great panic year, 1873, whea
giants fell, there were only 5,000
tail urea, but tbe average liabilities of
each were !M4,0O0, whereas in the "pros
(lerous" period 18861890, tbe average
number of failures per year was over
10.000, but tbe average liabilities of eacbi
were less than 13,000 The People.
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