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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (July 9, 1891)
THE FA1U1EKS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY JULY 0, 1891.
SCIENCE A'D PEOGBESS.
INTERESTING RESEARCH IN SCI
ENCE AND INDUSTRY.
Recent Invention A Battery InK
S tend Wood Pulp Picture
Transmission by Eleo
" trlclty Electricity j
J m tha Horn. S
One of tha most beneficial invent
ions recently reported in a type writ
ing machine which can be easily and
effectively operated by the blind- In
constructing the machine, the greatest
care has been taken to provide means
of insuring accuracy of manipulation
and after a little practice, it is confi
dently stated, those who are deprived
of sight can work the machine with
as much certainity as those who can
check with their eyes the work of their
One of the great discomforts of arti
ficial dentures, where all the teeth
have been lost and much absorption
of the gums has taken place, is the
constant tendency for them to slip
forward. To overcome this difficulty,
Scotch dentist has developed a
method of fixingdunturesby means of
two or more gold pins attached to the
under surface, which enters boles
either made by drilling the jawbone or
left after the extraction-of a tooth.
In other words, when necessary, an
artificial tooth can be riveted to the
jawbone. This method of treatment
has been adODted with great success.
Prof. Barnard, of Lick Observatory,
CaJ., has made a very ingenious utili
zation of the property possessed by sel
enium of changing the electric resist
ance when exposed to light. He has so
arranged the selenium cell in connec
tion with the telescope that the light
from a comet will immediately cause
connection to be made with a battery
and give an alarm.
The most curious thing about this
process is that the light of ordinary
stars does not affect the apparatus,
which is susceptible only to comets.
The watching and waiting which con
stitutes a considerable element in the
astronomer's life can now be material
ly mitigated. He can set his telescope
and go to bed in comfort, feeling as
sured that if a comet should during
the night sweep across the face of the
prism which influences the selenium
cell, the fact will be instantly announc
ed by the loud ringing of a bell in his
A Battery Inkstand.
Mr. Edison has been the recipient of
many presents, but none of them is
more curious or interesting than the
inkstand set which now occupies a
conspicuous place on the great invent
or's desk of the laboratory in Orange.
It is a gitt from Krupp, the German
maker of big guns, and is naturally of
very war-like appearance. It consists,
in fact, of miniature guns and shells
made out of Krupp steel. The ink
wells are made out of shell stood on
end point upward, so that the pen
may lie across them. The pen-tray is
made of half a shell.
The pen-wiper is stuck in the mouth
of a heavy siege gun, which is mount
ed on a turn-table, and is provided
with the usual gear for elevating and
depressing. This is no make-belief,
for the whole mechanism works as
easily and smoothly under the touch
of the finger as though it were a real
gun maneuvered by a company of
The tall candlesticks are also made
out of "Long Toms" or whatever
my their modern name and are
highly iinished, grim bits of metal that
look quite capable of sending a dyna
mite, charge two or three miles. It
is rather amusing to see this bellicose
outfit on the desk of such a man as
Edison, who has an intense dislike of
the modern militarism of Europe, and
has always refused to turn his genius
to purposes of destruction, except in
the case of the Sims-Edison torpedo,
which he thinks, could end a war in
short order and save countless lives
and millions. The batteries he is in
clined to are those whose victories are
made over nature, and whose tri
umphs are to be seen in inventions
that have added immeasurably to the
comfort, convenience and happiness
of his fellow-creatures.
Wood fibre has come into general
use as a substitute for the cot ton rags
and other materials formerly em
ployed in the making of paper. This
fibre is called pulp, having taken the
name which used to be given to the
cotton and linen fibre when it had
been prepared by maceration for
spreading into sheets of paper.
The wood fibre used to be prepared,
only a few years ago, by a wholly
mechanical process. The blocks of
wood were ground, or ral oil by
in' t ion applied obliquely to the grain.
The length of libra depended partly
upon the anle at which the block was
held during this process.
Id place ol the old mode of abtaln
ing wood pulp, chemical treatment of
the wqtvi 1 now in voLiie, As form
erly, Ih bark
U stripixxl from the
wood swurs ltt re
i of uniform qua!
ity, Alt diot olore-l or decayed parts
ar removed lor the same reason.
Then the wood is cu icroM the
vrrsin Into tlun t hipe, lUlt are car
tied to the top ol lit mill aiiddrippd
into Ur drums about 1 i fit in di
amvtvr, end t ft Ion.
The drums are made tronj enough
to bear a prwaure of front "Jtoiitxl
rounds tu Ilia attire im h. Whn a
drum! piuktd lull of rltips It U tilled
iih u!phurks it I an I other ttivmi
cttU, The wood U ron verted Into a tot.
ton hktprttltH I, which, t thn praeeed
dry and uialtl. It t Mil tiud
wuh rtr, r'l!l fhti. and ml inio
still- f Mt4iiivj tit th ftHbtu
It U Mt-l to be mt up uliiO r !.
In this ihit;) it f m tv tha pt
tm-l h is fwua 1 1 b M' U pijr
IH fright OH l foitMtnel t
11.4(1 lu tlie(t ll !Mt t( lrf
I li.on lj prvii4 out tha water, fur
tha ntl,i p. s It-w-l bn " 'by.
iHe iwr t ! !, w.i i iu
tfl I luJ (xiMft I, vidrr tl r,
HH (rum II la t Ai l,.u trl
pvs4- a su'pMte 4jh tat U(
as up from eiht to 13 cords of -otd
every 24 hours costs about f 10,000.
Ploture Transmission by Electric
ity. A company with a capital of $1,
000.000 has beta formed in Cleveland,
0., to operate patents covering a de
vice for the reproduction of a photo
graph at a distance by means of elec
tricity. The machine is described as a small
contrivance of iron and brass connect
ed by a single wire with the telegraph
battery. A photographic negative,
whereon the image U in relief to the
extent of about one-thousandth part
of an inch, is fixed in position, and by
means of a tracer, a perfect engraving
is made on wax or metal at the other
end of the line, from which a print
may be taken.
W hen the transmitter passes over a
light portion of the subject the receiv
ers cause a depression, or maximum
cut, to be made upon the surlaces;
and when the dark portion is under
the transmitter the receivers will
make no record. The product of the
receiver is an engraving from which
stereotypes can be made for printing
on ordinary presses.
This meagre description does not
give sufficient basis upon which to
form an accurate judgment, but it
does not sem impossible that a rough
outline of the subject might be pro
duced in this way. If it does one-half
what is claimed it will take its place
as a great invention, as the field lor it
is almost as unlimited as for the tele
graph or telephone, and greater, per
haps, than that of the phonograph.
Electricity In the Home.
The extent to which electricity It
entering into modern home life may
be inferred from the fact that a book
has just been published on "Deco
rative Electricity," by a woman who
has made a special and practical
study of the subject. The author is
Mrs. J. E. H. Gordon, wife of a prom
inent English electrical engineer, and
she speaks out of the fullness of some
ten years' experience with electric
Few people have an idea of the ex
tent and refinement to which ihe de
tails of the new art of illumination
has been carried, but when Mrs. Gor
don can show a neat little arrange
ment for the cooking range, by means
of which a light can be put inside any
kettle or saucepan to see how its con
tents are getting along, it is evident
that the day is at hand when we can
enjoy these new conveniences of the
bedroom, parlor and kitchen.
Incidentally, too, Mrs. Gordon
speaks of electric hair curlers, and it
is the fact that electric heating ap
paratus is already finding its way in
to houses, as, for instance, in the
shape of little stoves for making a
cup of coffee, foot warmers for the
bed, cigar lighters, etc. It has been
shrewdly remarked that there are two
good reasons for the popularity of
electricity among the ladies of the
Abestos is a mineral that crystallizes
in Iongfibres. The fibres can be separ
ated as easily as those of our softer
woods, and are woven into a variety
of articles, which are worn for pro
tection against fire. .
Among these articles are mittens to
guard the hands of firemen, assayers,
refiners, and others who are exposed
to burning. As the material is not af
fected by heat, the workmen thus
Erotected can grasp hot irons, cruci
les, and the like without discom
fort. Masks for the face are also made of
asbestos. It is said that the heat
from the hottest firecannot penetrate
through them to the skin. Air for
breathing is supplied through a tube
from beneath the mask, so that the
flame or the burned atmosphere is not
inhaled. In this way the discomfort
of working directly in front of retorts
and furnaces is greatly relieved.
Complete suits of fire-proof asbestos
cloth are now made for firemen's
wear. As the material is indestruct
ible, and a bad conductor of heat as
well, the wearer is protected in the
midst of flames. Of course air for
breathing must be supplied through
tubes in some such way as it is sup
plied to the diver when he is under
Paper Insulation for Electrfo Cables.
One of the most recent innovations
in the manufacture of insulated wires
and cables is the use of paper as the
insulator. The paper is now made
expressly for the purpose, and has to
be stored like wood, to become duly
seasoned. It is made in rolls of half a
mile to five miles long, and weighs
from twenty to ninety pounds per
ream. It is cut up into strips by
circular shears, and these strips are
mounted on mandrels made to lit the
covering machines, which, revolving
at various speed from fifty up to five
hundred turns per minute, lay the
paper on in overlapping spirals.
As each spiral is laid on, the cable in
passed through closely-fitting dies and
the resutii is a very hard, dense, com
pact and flexible covering. This in
sulation is afterward subjected to
treatment with a compound, and then
receives a covering of lead. Thwe
rabies are yielding remarkable results,
and thus paper has found another
Mr. Iowd, of New York, has found
that each cubic huh of soil contains
from tto.tHRi to 2,a3t,OoO minute or
iganum. A grain of fin awul would com
on hundred of the minute scales ol
the human skin, and )' eavh of
the in turn cover from three
to the hundred pons.
Tbs saltU's 1W of wtr upon the
arth is Ijtke t'rumia, lVrU, mors
than four tlmttaand fwt iWi tat
vknl. t U sty shallow, and no
hui4 lluiij ran nt lit it.
A nee iifUttr thai hs raven try
spruit up in liussi I run by two '.
lit Knw, and onits in operetta
pmMl mis' Uiivry lor rltKtnmj tli
rt siij1! hd liutt rrUa iWld.
Ottyrn W tiie wt a'.uud.int of all
the tiii.titt, II tout; mm at laat
oiH Idir I t f U 4.'th. i Rrh i the
ahi...( hre an t sitfitl'Mntiia, by
wtM, td all tbe atr m i tla ivta,
it la aim a r) intporiitut roHitit ti
nt I ail KtttHt!t am'rl an4 l
WHAT BACCARAT IS.
A Came Like Vir.gt at Un. but With
Baccarat, rarely played in America,
is the favorite fashionable gambling
game of England and the continent.
It is gambling pure and simple, may
be played by any number of packs of
cards. All bet against the dealer,
who banks and deals from a box sim
ilar to a cigar box. The face cards
each count ten, and the others ac
cording to the number of their spots.
After the bets have been made the
banker deals two cards to each of
the players, including himself, but the
Other players must receive their cards
before the banker is served.
The aim of the players is to make
the numbers, 9, 11, 2'-, or as nearly
those as possible, as 8, 18 and 2H.
Any player is at liberty either to
"stand," with the two cards first dealt
or to call for more at the risk of ex
ceeding 21, when his stake is forfeited
to the dealer. If, after the first distri
bution of two cards to each, any
player has a "natural" that is a
sum making 0, or, next in value, 19
he declares it and the banker pays all
who holds superior hands to his
own and claims from those holding
inferior hands. The players stake
their money separately, there being
in fact, as many separate games in
progress as there are players, and the
spectators may wager their money on
and one of them, all of which must be
accepted by the banker.
Prior to the banker making a start
he states the amount in the bank
for example, 50. Any one sitting
down at the table has a right to call
the whole of the bank, selecting the
left or the right on which to pick up
the cards. lithe bank is not called
then the banker proceeds to deal to
25 a side, or as much as it may be
"marked" or called theformerniean
ins that the money is placed on the
table, the.latter that the banker has
accepted the bet without the money
being stakal. The latter course, how
ever, is quite the exception, the ready
coin being invariably planked. Pre
vious to the banker dealing the cards
it is the duty of two croupiers.one on
the right and the other on the left to
count 'up the stakes deposited on
either side, and then make up the
bank. Thus the banker knows to the
smallest coin the exact amount of his
liabilities. Hod the game been proper
ly played at Tranby Croft no one
would have stood an earthly chance
of cheating. Atlanta Constitution.
UP TO SNUFF.
The Reporter Was Equal to the Oc
casion and Came Off Beet.
"Hold on a minute, young man!"
The tone was imperative, and the
young man turned quickly and looked
into the business end of a 44-caliber
"Shell out ani make no brash
"But, my dear sir"
"Certainly, sir. What'll you have
a pocket bank, a plugged nickel, or
a brass match safe? '
"Everythingyou'vegot, Turn your
pockets out and quit talking."
"With pleasure. Will you"
"Ouit! Just keep your eye on the
banker and drop everything into my
The orders were obeyed in silence,
and then came the admonition.
"Get a move on you!"
"Excuse me, Mr. Mr. ; well, never
mind the name; you're ' probably
modest. But will you favor me with a
The man with a slouch hat pulled
down over his eyes kept the young
man covered with the revolver in his
right hand while he reached into one
of his capacious pockets with his left
and pulled out a short pencil,
"Course I don't want to be mean,"
"Thank you! Thank you! And a
piece of paper! o! Well, never mind;
I'll use my cuff. Have to make notes
or I forget everything, and this is a
rattling good story. Wouldn't miss
it for anything. You get a pocket
book worth 10 cents, with three dimes
in it a plugged nickel, a match safe
worth 12 cents, and a sea boan worth
nothing. I write up the story and get
$2.40 for it easy. Maybe you got the
best of it, but I'm satisfied. Much
obliged, old man; here's your pencil.
And the newspaper man walked on
whistling, while the highwayman
leaned up against a fence and muttered:
"Well I'll be hanged." Chicago
An Emperor In Disguise.
People who imagine that his Imperial
Majesty the Emperor William passes
all his timein christening new-born
sons, meditating on the wickedness of
Prince Bismarck, and quarreling with
Count von Waldersee are very much
mistaken. He likes his fun also,
and takes It. There is a certain music
hall in Berlin where the Emperor
enjoys adventures worthy of th
Caliph llaroun Al Raschid. Whether
he is recognised or not it is hard to say,
as his Mugettty is an adept in the art
of "nmkingup." However, policemen,
detectives, and others are far too wise
to express susiiicions incase thy
have some idea they are in presence of
the lord of Germany. It Is confi
dently said tlint the other tiny, in the
LVi of a Hebrew idtur, his
Majesty wandered throujlit'te Im'ints
of theJewUhfomrti'ihity in hiscapital,
and UiitiMM! with a numUr of
working Itraelite the condition of
their race in hi own dominions and
the snVtt of the )mrh ine.i.urs re
cently prdnmV ttl Atiut thrill ih
BuMta. tMiaiiotUr cwtaion ,tla
Emperor i" said to havs pnwd muriy
l ours ol i'.m uultt w.ih Uiiiij MI110114
the saIuohs uwl by sitUr and
common nuldiera, sr jtunn an t uivitmi
frith iui on the lilo i a private in
his army or an abU UkI; iiiit in
hMMMJ. Ail tlw thilis dotilitirM
aut the ymuij sottrw'nn in his
et.Umiuu t'j t a ilm! it.'-r of his
rl U; but o iiui!y thf-tt that
he is n ytimi m,m bur! upon hint,
sn l K l apt tu join in nunus
dancing, ti-t Uv bili juk geiirralif,
at rfitl.tuMtiii at li t Uw-.l Jm
Uorv. lbn, m the rta l :. .( a
fa ora upn, t lb iiAiory(
3t h bin tht h4irr,audhis tnt(iitrry
Ihkmi ft,u.p.iti.ui aiw urpttM to mm
U- Me (t iiif.-!" t t l.i.i)' driw hut
up, tir in atut tae
lit v. bi!'o!l N a itiiii! of, tul
thai niiMiwiit, u he Jruakea
Osborne Junior Harvester
The strongest proofs of the Excellency of our machines arc given by
our competitors. They all imitate us.
WE MADE THE
We use ae Iron g pips either round or square la tha mala frame. An testeal trass far drive wheel and platform. Tfea Itfetest and stroatett fram aiada. Pat toesther with ssaW
leabla clips and staal bolts. All llsttt parts of the bMt mallrabia Iron. Ko dalala aarvMtfraat knaiup. Bitnu far wora eat parts osa b procured la ecry coaal. sad eaa-f
ererr town In the stata. Tb atMotToa of farmer If oaliad to the followlnv polnu of aioellaosc Pommm4 br no otbor ouehlaes. 1st. The frame work Is of ear la staeC Tout h-
mitb will ull you howmuoh o callsd sul U la other maohlna. ask him to Mat tbam. Sd. AstMiroad whaet with datasaable bos, eaa reataoa the bos wbaa wora la a few paa-
at small aipansa. Hara to bur a new wheal with otharmakM of maohlna. S4. Maliaabl Iron Mrlne. our competitor ns oast Iroa. 4th. All pan of Mader oiled from top of a.'
.T. v. .hi. iih rin nu in ni (niii. vou doa't hara to bur nehUnlns pullers sad drireohaia "--- - "-- ' - -- ' bfaiM.
tlos lostaad of four. sth. Whauvar the po.itlon
rao.4Meirrstandat tb bead of It olat to-dar. Tha trona(t auttar, llebtiMt draft and simplest In ooMtnietlon. sasslae It and be aoavf need. Oats frees tbrss sad ess
iz feat, w sell ail trade of twin from jute to pure maoula, as ebaap as tat itbetwi and ss aood as the bast our motto. For hamphleu and laformatoa ea twine ead may
m our local aeant or addr.es, 47 8m I. . UBOME A CO., Csieaee, ML. SIQ, rULI, Ueeela, KsaV, sr j. I &U, tacta, lUa.
Do vou want to buy Dry
Goods! Do you pay casht It
co we want your trade. We cell
for cash, and we guarantee to
sell to every one at the same
low price. If vou buy from ua
and are not pleased with your
purchase when you get homo
you can return it and get your
money. Give us a trial and wo
think we will both please you
and save you money.
133 tol39 South Uth St
J. C. cZBjILjI-i
ussaseer te BAOQKH LUMBER 00.
Wholesale and Retail Lumber.
0 street between 7th and 8th. Itlnootn, Tt)
Leopold Barr, Jeweler.
The farmers of Lancaster county are cordial
ly invited to call on me in my new quarters,
1136 0 street, where I will take pleasure in
showing them my handsome line of jewelry,
watches, clocks, etc., which I offer to members
of the Alliance at discount rates. All kinds of
repairing at low rates. Respectfully,
The Lightning Hay Press.
""t i nti II. in mi m 1 1 n Hi i -?. r ,'-1 --(I,,
A. H. SNYDER, STATE AGENT, OUzVHA, NEB.
007, 809 NORTH I6TH ST.
We Handle Bate Ties, Coil Wire
Always Kept on Hand,
hi ay apd Grain flapdjad ip Gar lfcots.
I. M. lUtnoHi. l.wis OKKiioitr,
American Exchange Banls
Liability of Stock
J U lUssirf M II n Xissuv.
Ml Riim LiittiKMf I It tUisNitt T-W Uwui,
V, II M ii. 3kl t. .4tfaii. A J 4na
Interest Paid on Tirao Deposits.
FIRST STEEL FRAME HARVESTER 1(1
of lh binder no wlht U on tha eorM' nook.
MILLER & PAINE.
and a Full Line of Repairs
8, H. IUxtu, U. U. Wimi.
t'asaier. A t Cask.
205Bohanan Block, Lincoln, I7cb.
Can be found one of the most complete
a as ineu ana true imtx snuu uompsnys arm ana Bprug wifoas. ei-ea
THEIEKINLOVCOftUIISXCeLL D COC?3.
Ilia Mirnm FLIKH Einrcrt:? ci tr.
The Perfect Ad
vance corn planter
and check rower.
Tha old reliable
Snellen and. Feed
xne widest m i
beat Anltmaa and 1
com shelters and
threshers in stock.
John. T. Jones, Agent, Lincoln, Nek
DEEBIIIS DIHDEIt TWINES
PvvuiheM Ttierefote Oo Bo, lee).
McCormick Harvesting Machines.
105,468 Were Sold in 1890.
125,000 Are beinij Ilado for 1881-
Aslt our agent at the town where you trade for pamphlet fully explain
ing all of our machines, also describinir and illustrating the process of nan
factoring our superior quality of BINDING TWINE, and explaining why
the best u always the cheapest, and if he cannot furnish one you can gtt
one py writing 10 jc
With this binder; Its
perfect ctpaclty for
haadling aU leagtaa
and conditions of
Kseh bundle Is
bound la the centsr.
m !-) t. ,v. ABiv
ink a.ovin ' " - - , w
Ibi wi hrvt M the) agtal la 1 K, , , , . ,
The atUniUxi of farmers and all ottxn tattreaitd are taUeJ m 'aapati
full Une f lbs? CJiCa rl. iwludiai P.adrs Moc aad KtaM
Ali all id riMaai4 twin friHsj the eTnAptr.1 1 the beet Mtr sMasuUa
lot e'e it IM tuwiiehMt )Mdmitr4 K tl"f$)0U. Aji
Corner 10th anil a etretU Lincoln, Ucbrca.
lines of Implements In tha iadnCsj
A full aai eesa
olmtM Una nf ffnrrlM
wm n 8B.
with toe proasadoft
low as jhoij.
We eorCcSy fcsv
BkrL Sir vr. JaiETJE
i ItmXm. '
DEERING & CO.
CHICAGO. U. S. A.
m.tUKU, uenerai Agent,
tlss flliw4 (u !HaM I
r I . .llu
.k.t Hm ha to ttand tkiX iums
i m M A. r, ' t mm r
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