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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (June 25, 1891)
TllKFAlttlEKS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NEH. THURSDAY JUNE 2.". 1801.
SCIENCE AND FB0GBESS.
INTERESTING FACTS FOR STUDI
Tha Kni.ppCur.MacMrt Writing
Power of DynamitaThe Nic
aragua Canal Sorting; and
Sorting and Cleaning Wool
The wool comes into the mill dirty,
greasy, burry, sometimes washed by
the farmer, but generally just as it is
-sheared from the sheep, a filthy and
unwholesome thing, giving little sign
-of the beautiful white and flossy sub
stance into which it is soon converted.
It must first be sorted, each fleece con
taining from six to eight qualities ot
-sorts, which the careful manufacturer
separates, devoting each quality to
the purpose for which it is best suited.
No skill in carding, spinning, weaving,
or finishing can possibly produce a
soft or fine piece of goods from a
coarse, hard liber. When a woolen
thread is to be spun to the length of
15,300 yards to a pound, or in the
.case of a worsted thread to twice that
number of yards to a pound, every
thing depends upon care in the selec
tion of the fleecB and in the sorting.
These sorts are impregnated with a
greasy substance called the yolk or
suint, caused by the animal secretions
end the perspiration of the skin, a
compound of potash and animal fat,
which must lw completely eradicated.
The elimination of the yolk, dirt, and
foreign substances, common to all
wools, results in a shrinkage of from
fifty to seventy per cent.
Our ancestors woured their wool in
tubs, much as our wives and daughters
scour our clothes today. In the hand
washing of wool, a tub was filled with
the suds, in whirl) one or two men
with long poles stirred the wool untl
clean, wher. they lifted it upon a
traveling apron, which carried it be
tween a pair of rollers which squeezed
out the water. The same principle is
applied in theautomatic scouring now
in vogue. Great forks or rakes seize
the wool as it is carried by rollers
from a feeding apron into the iron
tanks, and by alternating motions of
their teeth give it a thorough scouring.
Thus cleansed, the wool is delivered
by rollers to the drying machine,
where hot air and great funs are now
utilized to extract all the moisture
without tearing the liber. Popular
One of the most novel resorts among
the numerous "cured" of Europs, is
a little Bavarian village, Vorishofen
where the village priest, Sebastian
Kniepp, now seventy years of age, in
structs his patients in a method of
treatment which he invented for him
self nearly fifty years ago, and which
he lias thrived on ever since. His
plan of hardening orinvigorating the
body is the practice of walking or
running barefooted in wet grass or
freshly fallen snow from five minutes
to half an hour, after which the pa
tient puts on dry socks of coarse linen
yarn without drying his feet, and then
takes a smart walk. This is said to
cure everything from chilblains to
tootoache. He also recommends cold
baths during only live minutes, put
ting coarse linen underclothes on the
Still wet body, then the outer clothes,
and a quarter of an hour's
brisk walk. He has curious no
tions about diet, denounces tea and
coffee, objects to much meat, and
favors bread, fruit, vegetables, and
milk in the main. He recommends
brown bread, but his two particular
fancies are peas andsnurkraut. He
believes the more moderately a man
ats, the better chance he has of keep
ing his digestive organs in good order
until old age. He advises drinking be
fore eating, never while eating, and
also hard beds, and cool-well ventilat
ed bedrooms. He does not obj?ct to
smoking. Three-fourths of his idens
we could indorse, but we do not doubt
that his treatment- is well adapted to
gross, over-fed, dyspetic, rheumatic
and gouty individuals who are still
robust enough to bear all of his
Writing by machinery has now come
to be almost the universal practice
in the business world, and the click
of tho typewriter is heard in nearly
evry business office. A different class of
work, however, is that of authors and
Others who themselves operate the
machine to put their thoughts upon
paper, and it ha been thought by
many that it would not bo adapted
to this work, for the reason that tho
Attention necessary to Ixs given to the
anachine would iuleitere with the un
interrupted thinking necessary to do
such work. Kxnerieiice is proving,
however, that this dilliculty exists
only in the imagination, mid some
of the lx-t writers of tha d.iy, in
eluding Mr. Howell, Frank Stockton,
Jtolwrt J. llurdi'tte and Margaret
Jfelaml, ure said to regu'.arly write
their copy on tho machine, some of
tiieni din'Uring that the dick of tho
keys seems t o make I licit t hmissht How
more frwly. And uftcrall I hereshould
le lit! la urpri at thin. Tho key
tonrd of a typewriter soon Ik-coiih-s
a familiar to the (qwrator a the
leys of s pUm to tlm in i-.iri in, and
after that the making of Micro by
striking the keys l really a more situ
jle matter than by making them with
the jwn, for with tU mnchitntrviwly
the same motion U required lot ca. h
i'lUr, ttitd I ! nre inadj without the
tim-tty lor tltiiikiiiii oi the iicn by
which they r made, A immUt of
ur trrtMidettU oit in li'iit
ton inmniw rip t I a oittittly lie
I'.HH.I protinil cl the fimtttfr
mp!,irni4 tn Itti luijurr Ui itttn by
TH Nlorjvi Cir.l,
Mr. A, M. VWil.nton, t Y. , of
the editor ii ll.a ftitiiMvrin NVwt,
j in Very rnqlirt!U let n about
tit Nkafittfiit (anal, A iifiUr of
tu Sc stuff, Mr. WnnlisV ha.nul.
4iM' I.Or.tlilVloii plt ai
tdth. istial, and IkiUi be M t Mr,
Welling or, am Mli.fWl lht it U
la dM prwniUihtf rtM t
'iW (i-Htt IfoubUaith l'nn
0wuklt4 sM llF Well
ington to mo 'i 1 l?cm the ecor
moni amount cf work involved in cut
tin throiigh tht mountain for a tide
level canal, wm the dilliculty of con
trolling tiie tlmgres Kiver. A three
hours' storm tmiiKiery it into a raging
torrent, which has thus and astain
done untold daqiageto the works.
The canal will probably never be fin
ished, even with locks, now that the
American enterprise is progressing so
favorably. The Nicaragua Kiver, you
know, is not rubuvt to floods. The
great lake at its source acts like an
enormous reservoir to equalize its flow,
It is like the St. Lawrence in this re
spect. The work of constructing a
canal along its channel will be very
simple. The entire route lias now been
very thoroughly surveyed.
"Another advantage the Nicaragua
route possesses is its climate, which is
by no means unheal tlitui, except, per
haps, in mid-summer."
Theory is a word w hich has great
terrors for some, but it should not
have, for theory is only another name
for speculation. The very men who
abhor theory, as a term, often the
orize the most. It is because the
name is so frequently misapplied that
men are afraid of it. Theory is sup
posed to be something which a practi
cal man, so called, detests; but the
practical man, of all others, uses it the
most in daily work. He can not see
the actual cause of the grunting in the
cylinder, but he forms a theory as to
what it is, and soon finds the remedy.
Would that we could test all theories
as promptly! Students and others
theorize, or simulate in their re
searches upon the cause of cylinder
condensation, but they can not put
them to conclusive tests. Some men
are called theorists, in distinction to
practical men. We nre all theor
ists in daily work when we can not
obtain positive proof. Where we can
not see with our eyes and touch with
our hands, we must speculate, conjec
ture; build on a slight foundation of
fact a superstructure of possibilities
which may stand or may tumble
down. It seldom docs this last if the
speculator is well grounded in practical
New Style of Chain.
The manufacture of chains has been
very much facilitated by the introduc
tion of electricity for weldingpurposes,
but a London firm lias gone a step
further and produced a chain which
required absolutely no welding. This
is done in a most ingenious way. A
cross-shaped bar of steel is drilled at
proper intervals with holes, the size
of which are dependent on the size of
link required. The ban's then notched
roughly to the shape of the links by
suitable machinery, after which it is
flattened to prepare it for the hollow
ing out of the links and their rounding
up by stamping. In the next stage
the links are punched through and
parted, and the concluding operation
is the cleaning and truing up of the
links to their final form.
The makers claim that the chains
are considerably stronger than those
made in the usual way. Apart from
the possibility of defective welds the
fact that the new chain is of steel gives
it a great advantage over ordinary
chains, which, on account of difficul
ties of welding, are usually made of
iron. It is stated that the new steel
chain can be made equal in strength
to the ordinary chain at a third-class
weight. Pittsburg Dispatch.
Power of Dynamite.
Shooting a candle through a two
inch solid plank without disturbing it
in the least is being outdone by dyna
mite, which is so quick in its action
that a tender green leaf can be com
pressed into the hardest steel before it
has time to flatten. One of the ex
periments of tho United States Torpe
do Works was to place some leaves
between two heavy, Hat pieces of iron,
set them on a firm foundation and see
what gun-cotton would do in forcing
the iron pieces together. Thereaction
was so great from just being exploded
in the open nir that one of the iron
pieces was driven down upon the- oth
er quick enough to catch an exact and
complete impression of the leaves be
fore they could escape. It is also a
singular fact that thegnn-cotton itself
bhould sink deep into tho iron when it
explodes, showing the points of the
letters stamped into the cartridges.
This novel method of engraving by
gun-powder is one of the wonders of
this century. Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Th. Printing ot Wa".l Papers.
In machine printing the plain paper
arrives at the factories in great rolls
of various qualities to suit the differ
ent purposes and prices for which it is
required. These long rolls are useful
for machine work, which is not cut
into lengths until after it has been
printed. In hand work, on the con
trary, tho roll are cut intoeight-yard
lengths the first thing. Tho paper is
grounded with no coat of color, al-
thouuli sometimes two coats aregiv-
iii. the cylinder are lined witn
scrupulous exactness. The paper
tlii-n enters the machine, taking up
one color after another as it pas?
around the great drum; entering the
machine us plain paper it passes out
i-mhcllikhcd with a pattern of many
colors. Then, by ft iwifs of aerial
railway. It t carried up and over ele
vated rU cnntiniiallv moving until,
nt tin very end of tfi factory it i
rolled up dry into ordinary reU
A Novel tlsolrlo Climbar,
At rVuttl tlx-re in about to be put
into H-rstioii a Hotel method of run
ning cl.t trii' car up teepgritdi'. The
vU-i trie raiUny tlir ha a ry stwp
Krado about Hni fvt Ion.-, and it ha
Un found ttmt the motor on the
rfir are icudt-prito to iriommt tl.
Udh To ron.it tl ddth uhy a small
tiiiidiut about to fitd iHpi.fre I con
structed, ninl In thi U to run A (mail
i ar a m t otmw tutUit v. To qs
tU l ltttt Itrd in the rotllit!' bub
in''.ir, ttilh urit at h ml. and
Mill ran Hit.iind pn;U' at th bottom
of m l;n. up i.t r,tiitr UUi
rnfrith lop. hi n orluwrjf
(aiatKw rar U ti 1st hl o the rflji,
1 14 toivtiUr ImirttBi i u rtiito' the
1,01, but Um li - nn. It. Um top
o lue l.ti! it run i th otlr tula,
and. stdd ly lit inoior, it poll uji
th lomii.r l,iti.v ctf. I, i ao9
ivtdy ll 1 1' p ifUkf i- il.
THE COLONEL DIDN'T SHOOT.
U Ma 114 Vmm M Wnalt Rmj
One hot summer day after climbing
the old joreromeit' road which
wind in and out of the eulches, but
always up from Copper Basin, niy com
panion, CoL Blgelow, and myself.
writ a correspondent of the Arizona
Republican, reached tho cool spring
which bubbles from the rocks just be
fore the divide is reached from which
the road commences to descend to
I'rescott which is eight or nine miles
away. The mountains hero are cov
ered with tall pine trees which spring
from the ground covered with immense
Resting1 ourselves at tho spring tho
colonel pointed to a trail leading- up
the side of the opposite mountain and
said. "A good many years since I
think it was in 18t5; and when I (e'.l
mucb younger tnan now I camo very
near being taken ia by the Indians up
on the trail whero it passes over the
divide. I'll tell you how it was.
I had been down to Proscott for a
month or two, having' a good tlma
with a lot of tho boys, until I had be
come tired of so much hilarity, and I
made up my mind to strike out for
camp, which at that timo.' was at the
mouth of the Grand wash, which leads
down into the Hassayampa. four or
five miles below Copper Basin.
"I started out from Prescolt and was
coming up the trail on the other side
of that ridge over there, all the time
keeping my eyes open for Indians for
in those days a person was always on
the lookout for Indians and always bad
his gun ready for instant use.
"As I came up the hill I noticed a
movement of the bough in the top of
a tall plnon pine-tree which stood on
the top of the rid go. Not being able
from my position to discover what
made the commotion in the pine-tree
top, I carefully made my way up the
hill until I had a good view of the tree,
and what do you think I saw? Well,
an Indian had shinned up the pine
tree, and, with a long, light rib of a
saghuara, was knocking off the pine
cones, which hold the sweet pinoa
"I folt very comfortable when I saw
the Indian up that tree, for I imagined
the result if he had caught me up the
tree. I mode up my mind that he was
my Indian, for the Apache bad made
things particularly hot for me on more
than one occasion. Without any re
gard as to whether he would fall on a
soft spot or not, I took good aim and
then didn't shoot"
No? What was the matter?" I
Til tell you why," continued the
colonel. Hearing a slight noise I
looked down the trail on the other slds
of the hill, and there, not moro than
100 yards away, were coming seven or
eight Indians in single file, and all
were armed. They bad not seen me.
I suddenly concluded I hadn't lost any
Indian that day, and I lay flat down in
the brush while they passed along the
trail in full view of my hiding-place
and disappeared over the hllL
"As I didn't care to call a band of
the red fiends upon me by shooting, I
just crawled away from them without
letting the Indian up the tree know
how near be had been to being my
meat nor how near my scalp had been
hanging to the belt cf one of his
Among the most remarkable stories
In Mr. Stanley's book on Africa is one
told to the explorer by Emln Pasha.
Here it is.
The forost of Msongwa is infested
by a tribe of chimpanzee! of great
stature, who make almost nightly raids
on the villages and little plantations of
the Mswa natives, carrying away their
bananas and other fruits. There is
nothing very remarkable about this
fact, since many kinds of animals
make pillaging forays upon the habita
tions of mon; but the surprising part
of Kmin's narrative is the statement
that in these thieving raids the chim
panzees make use of lighted torches
to hunt out the fruits.
"If I had not been myself a witness
of this spectacle," Mr. Stanley reports
Lmin as saying, "nothing would ever
have made me believe that any race of
monkeys possessed the art of making
On one occasion, Emln says, a chim
panzee of this intelligent tribe stole a
drum from the huts of his European
troops and made off with it, beating it
as he ran.
The monkey took the drum to tha
headquarters of his own people,"
who were evidently much charmed
with It. for the Egyptian soldier often
beard the monkeys beating it vigorous
ly, but Irregularly. Sometime in the j
middle of the night some sleepless
chimpanzee would get up and go to
boating the drum.
But what the other chimpanzees
thought of this midnight musical per
formance will never he known positive
ly, but from the fact that no sound of
battle and slaughter among the Intelli
gent chimpanzees ever followed, ths
Egyptian were forced to conclude
that they liked It,
Here at least, therefore, wo 8cd no
Indication that the grade of Intelli
gence of even the chimpanzee ot
Mnongwa l still far below that of the
Ill IntlMbU maloa.
The AtchUon man who had ths
trsng4 nxpnrUute with bis dsoaaMd
wlfv empty chair, which rocked tn a
Strang iiiaiiimr, U having knottier
iwi'limi-o that U still mora roniarkab!a
Whrtrvvrr hu got of lato ha hours
oft footfall kHptng tqt behind him.
Kvnry tttp ha take, whnrvtr ha g-w
h hr that myitvrUai tp joining
wtthhUown, la mlnf In th ao
tha othr morning, l.l by ld wtta
UU own footprints thr aiqwamd ths
print of a woman's ft, 1U la sura
that It-.s giut of hi wlfa U badulBf
him. snd that for Mima rtoa tt di
trust him, IU U fwits vary mwk
worried about It. Ah hlw-n (dok.
A kl-Hnr twmp,
Mlih" !! lh trumji, rapiW
fully, "ara ywi aWa Ia tha sarw of
WMi, '. I'm Alt! al. I av
tha aUtao( ltd log; sa t UU
loA: trrli4 hitnv kk j ot wa
.) to Ufi.ria yew Miadasv tal
! taay k sua)' rara, Wim
sfcMik ti4 stabJay. feadva, "is
Osborne Junior Harvester
- 1-.,. "L, a
The strongest proofs of the Excellency of our machines aro civenby
our competitors. They all imitate us.
WE MADE TIIE FIRST STEEL FRAME HARVESTER 111 TIIE-UOilLO. :
W ua no Iroasa pip either round or qur la the mlo frm. Anrleitml truM tir drive wtoei and platform. Tit llstittrw anil tfrnnjrit fr. miIi ' rm in.ns ' -
Ieble clip, and ateel bolt. All lltcbt part of the bet nslleabl Iron. No llr l h.rril fro. t.ini t ZtlL uat JZL'ZTZ?
everr town In the itmte. Th attonlton of farmer I oallad to lb. followln point of loelleaoa poMMd bVaa otbrniaeblBeaT ui Wfrli. wT Uf aaSMaTow ITT
(inltb will ull rou how much wIM Istosl ) In oihermsohlne. ak him to tt them. id. A ImI road wWl with dh.bl bo ei" I h. bo wb." rn7n a fWi-t
at mall expanse. Hare to bur n wheal with other m.ke of maobloe. ad. Malleable Iron rearing, ouroompatltor UMeMlroa7 itk. fKn?NDtoilal fMsiS
no other have this. We use drl. rear In main frame, rou don't bar to bujr llfhtenlnf puller and drive ekaio ""t T tiT Irnthtl and Innraaia draft hr hVrln itrMini -tlonlntMloffour.
th. Whatever the poaitlon of the binder no weight I on the hone' neok. num. aj ua. diumi ana inoreaM aran bf Sarlog fort jnlMS lot tiw-
Our so. 4 Mawer und at th head of lu clau to day. The itrongeat outtr, lightest draft and lmpUjt la eoaatruetloa. Kxamla It snd be eonrinoed. Cats from tkiw aatd aam.
ha f to lx feeu We sell all grade of twin from ju to pur. maullla, a cheap a th. oheaneat and a g.iod a tha beat 1 our mWtoTfor phMlaTfoTnToa wla ?!l aZ
DEPOT -. HOTEL
UK DEE NEW MANAGEMENT.
ONE JDOULjJLTI PER
The best house in the state for
17, T, ALLEN & SON, COMMISSION -. MERCHANTS.
- Flour, Feed. Baled Hay, Etc.
WHOLESALE FLOUR A SPECIALTY.
Jobbers of Meat and Poultry.
A Specialty Made of Choice
All Errors ChMrfully Corrected. 43 8m
3J1. D. WHITE,
HORSE-SHOEING WAGON REPAIRING
I make a specialty of all kinds of farm
are coraiauy invitoa to can. tirst class
- Satisfaction Cruaranteed In all Cases.
Near Cor. 10th and II,
J. O. 3.CcK:H3L.IL.
Wholesale and Retail Lumber.
0 street between 7th
Leopold Barr, Jeweler.
The farmers of Lancaster county are cordial
ly invited to call on me
1136 o street, wnere I will taKe pleasure m
showing: them my handsome line of jewelry.
watches, clocks, etc., which I offer to members
of the Alliance at discount rates. All Kinds or
repairing at low rates. Respectfully,
A. H. SNYDER, STATE
807, 800 NORTH I6TH ST.
We Handle Bate Ties, Coil Wire
Always Kept on Hand.
Hy fd Grain rapdld ip Gar lj.ot.
TO TIIE FARMIUG
I hnvi !uhU arnuiifmt ntH
Imml nml Imnii'M on lio nml 1H
Iijv' no nhiMliiy work to nlTr )ii, lut pjiinut all wurk tola
of tin hiitliftt uniiK' inati rinl mA Ut workiunuihiiv (.'allnnd
InMNt't tli pMUI olft-r you lu
124 SOUTH 13TH ST.
n u u o o u o o u o it u u tt o o o t
l-i3 3ST. lltli Street.
price. Try it when in the city
Country Butter and Fresh E,;s.
1618 O Street. Lincoln, Neb.
raDslrW. Members of the Alliance
work at reasonable prices.
S BAOOIll LUMBSa GO.
and 8th. Ulneoln, Peb
in my new quarters,
AGENT, Oil AHA, NEB.
and a Full Line of Repairs
wn lv I tan furnili voit fiitla
tlan titti. iiiMialilt iiir. I
W. L. WILLIAM8.
" ' .i.hi.1 ..r-""-
MtOIWE CO., Cskaie, IH., 8C0. YULE. Uat4, ilss., Sf j. H. IUiXU 'tmLJK
205 Bohanan Block, Lincoln Ueb.
Can be found one of the most complete lines ot Implements In the filj, lac!x-t
i'he tried sod true TV H Smith Company's Farm and ttpruc wsobb. 41-Lu
THE PEKIN FLOW CO'lUWEXCEL
The Perfect Ad
vsnce corn planter
and check rower.
The old reliable
BUeiiers ana. (Ma
The Oldest and
best Aultmaa aod
Repairs for abore
corn abellen and
thresher in stock.
John. T. Jones, Agent. Lincoln. Neb.
DEEtttiiG tx'M ra;:zs
r .s t t
McLormicK tiarvestinff Maenmes.
125,000 Are being lladofor 1CD1
Ask our Sffcnt at the town where
ing all of our machines, also describing and illustrating the process of bma
facturinflr our cuDerior aualitv of BINniXr; TWIVP.. nH nnlii.i..
the best is always the cheapest, and
unc uy wiuiim i , r.
With this binder; Its
perfect cspailty for
handling all lsngtha
and conditions o f
Cask ftiiadl. I
bound la the eeaUr
Ml ltC"-tX k IK mf CltJ Mr im tu4 uUl
ths tua ot ;ufrt M the agent Ki tit tX
The unwn of tirvier a4 ail others mlemtit m iali4 t ic-rt
a Ml tiae of the Cl Wh iwlii"f Hmkn, Mm 4
lm ail gtstif ofVinduig tvwe tromttw iftjt the heal Mit tez-.'.'.Ia,
f eeJe at the compaRtta ksitUFtvf A. tfUXS Ux iV
Corntr 10th and Q streets Llsccla, Vt7Z.zl2
A full a4
, v$b Um of Smt
I mn v tgOEaj
I Carta Eta. .
and nuke ffimta
low m nsf
qnaUhr cf x-j
Ve oorCiTj l
1U parties t C1
and mm m.
SAHrll 8T w.
WM. PEERING GCtX
CHICAGO. U. S. A.
. r l 1
Sold in 1890.
vnn trad fnr nmnliU wJ.
if he cannot furnish one yoo caa rtt
m.r UK.U, uenerai Agent,
list fulVsr4 lu afhr IsOtj
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