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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (April 23, 1891)
THE FAKMEUS' ALLIANCE. LIXCOLX, XEB., SATURDAY, Al'It. 25 1891.
Tt3 Farmers' Alliance,
rCBLISIIKU WtlXLT AT
CORNER 11TH AND M STREETS,
c::urcED and improved.
J. BURROWS. Editor.
J. U. THOMFSOX. BusineM Ma'gr
V fH oar TrArn tkw wea wit k Ta
' ALU Aacattlara: to nearly aouDl it
Iksaut etas. W Intend to add M IU valu
a Hartal' a Back bar o It Hm.
Wa fcaaa to Im able furtbrr to enlart It to a
WN solum n quarto, and will do to as soon
wow palmar Justine It.
Tn Aixiakce one year and
Looking Backward pott paid. . ..II SO
Ditto ud Labor and Capital by
EaUoec 1 40
E&O and Cscaar't Column 1 00
Our Republican Mon
archy by Y'ealer Y'oldo 1 40
The above books for ul) at thU office
V.tto and Cusblng't Manuel pa
pa covert. 1 80
Ootb covert.... 1 60
or tent pott paid a followi;
Looking Backward...... WcU
Caesar's Column OOcta
Labor and CaplUt 20cU
Oar Republican Monarchy .....a.'wits
Cashing' Manuel, paper coven.. 2Sct,
" cloth " ...Met.
Aluikce Pub, Co Lincoln Neb.
Was Ought to Furniab Money for tbia
There seems to be an opinion preva
laat among many of our people that
money it a mysterious article which bai
voluntary existence, but over wblcb
the people or the government bave no
right of control ai they hare no agency
la bringing it Into, existence. Jn fact
" with many the only knowledge they
have of making money is by bard work
or shirp trading, forgetting that such
meant never make money but are only
ways of securing or accumulating it
after It ii made.
If these people would consider the
fact that scarcely any money exists in
this country that was lu una forty years
ago, that it is continually changing In
purchasing power and In Its relative
proportion to the demand for It, that
much Is being lost by accident or de
stroyed by fire every year, that portions
of it are frequently retired from circula
tion and burned up or melted into In
gots or bars, and that all these chaqges
affect the welfare of the entire working
community, they would fuel more inter
est in the question of who ought to fur
nish the money, and who docs furnish
the money for the nse of tbo people.
In times of my earliest recollection
much of the money nsed in this country
consisted of foreigu coin, Mexican and
Spanish dollars, half dollars, and quar
ter dollars, and later on Canadian quar
ter. Then, and contemporary with
the nse of these coins we bad the issue
of money, or promises to pay, by banks
under state law. None of these were
satisfactory or safe. The foreign coins
had no determined value, aud finally
they were all retired from circulation
at a discount of about 20 per cent.
Toe issue of the state or wildcat banks
as they were called, soon became of lit
tle worth aud toe banks insolvent, be
cause no uniform and safe system for
the security of their redemption was
provided by law.
Experience then ha: taught us that
it Is unsafe to depend on the money of
outer countries, nowever costly or pre
cious the metal of which it is made, nor
on that issued by corporations or indi
viduals, because it can have no assured
value as legal tender for debts.
And here the wisdom of most of the
nations of history, both ancient and
modern, comes to our assistance, and
counsels the Issuing of money by tiie
sovereign power of the country. The
Egyptian, Persian, ISabylonian, Gre
ciau and Roman coins were stamped
with the seal or image of the sovereign,
and were legal tenders so far as the
power and ability of the respective gov
ecaments extended. On the breaking
oat of our great civil war our' govern
ment settled down on the policy of issu
ing the money Decenary fur the war ex
penses. In fact It was i.trced to It. No
foreign money could bo relied on as
aafe for the contingency, for our rela
tions to other govet umeuu were so un
certain that their money would have
been liable to have been withheld when
it was needed most. Aud no nation was
prepared to furnish euough for our ne
cessities. From that time to the pres
ent the sensible plan has been followed
offurnUhingmoueyfortheuse of the
people by the government itself.
Apropos to this subject. Thomas Jcf
lemon wrote: "Tho power to issue
money should be taken from tbo baxks
and restored to the government aud
tbo people, where it beieng.
The money iu circulation in the coun
try consists of three kln.Ui Metallic
currency, treamry note aud ustioual
It is aUo divided into three clauses ac
cording to its u which are tu4 by
law, vU: Mold, full gl tender for all
tWUaaud payitwuUi silver and the treas
ury aotta, iegsl tender with a few
twpthm tiled by law, and Batloual
baak notes, nut IcgsJ lander except for
laves and to the gotrrnmeut emnpt dit
a Ituputt and to the banks
thrmtgh which thy at l.nd, act nut
U laut ai iuUrrst on tit r t-d,
There U bIm tu fiacUuaal silll
mwmmj wfciea Uktf! lender only U
ti tar as tma ,f st. hauge Is
vt.i med there Is piariie ally but 1ml
I Xenmc t th waiaitig iwofl and
the ardiiMiy l.tW k(wa
tMhwetMM. nui m a rpr.tiMiti
fwiwil valuta thers U a d;rt.r me. !
If It Uctl iMwmawurv h Im tt t.i i a f
aaUto ft fatly wM d. jjin
noiary Mvniag I. irl-wug im oJ.f
4ritewn, U Is tU trtutt tispoir.
trur tteal II h Wtl tombsr. tV.ii, In
t toMiossy to (he w tad peunle or
l A m4 il fna tnK (, the
v" t'f iiw iiun uera Ua gmt
4 ..jrr? lwwa the Uh tf tud f
( : t hi f aoav aa mil a in the
C"t-ff Uww iSl. . ,
1 "j rH ev-at to U furtisht In
f i i I. iHtasi sf
4 tUI i-sf u ..! be ttsitud f li
mi ir..rl ...f- H.
Two Year Htnce.
Odill, Kb., March 4. 1SW.
Editor Allijkte: Allow me through
your colcmus to thank Mr. l'yaa both
for his poetry and bis plan for building
dams for increasing the rainfall. It
seems to me to be the best plan vet ad
vanced for making reservoirs, and one
that all AUIinces should take up and
discuss. And allow me to add that I
think railroads could be induced or
compelled to construct dams of the
same kind all along their lines. Ponds
could be constructed with but little ad
ditional expense. I, perhaps, ue the
word compelled without any precedent.
So far, St seems, to compel a railroad
to do anything Is an Impossibility. But
Mr. Editor, I want to say it won't be
two years hence.
There never has been anything with
In the last decade that has added to the
independent party one balf the votes as
the dead-lock in the senate, the adjourn
ment of the supreme court without act
lling the quo warranto proceedings, the
veto of the Newberry bill by the alien,
aud the failure of the senate to pass It
over bis head. All parties express the
most bitter condemnation of it. There
are not five men in this part of Gage
county who even try to palliate u.
The assertion of Boyd that the people
are Ignorant of its provisions Is an in
sult. There is scarcely an Alliance in
this neck of woods but bave a copy of
it and have given It more careful study
than did Boyd, and nine out of ten of
them are more capable of Judging of its
I tell you things bave changed of late.
It used to be wtten the farmers came to
town that tbey would ask of the busi
ness men, what is the news? But now-a-days,
when a farmer comes to town,
the business men ask the farmers what
they are doing at Lincoln? and he 'Is
sure to get it, and get it straight. Tbey
will telfyou the status of nearly every
bill, and who Introduced It; its friends,
its opponents, iu liability to pass, aud
all about it. And I want tu say that
they were not disappointed as to what
would be the fate of the Newberry bill.
When the three traitors voted against
the concurrent resolution we knew
that our hopes of legislation on the
maximum freight rates were dead, and
although Collins, the Judas from Cage,
came to our members and promised
them he would tumwrt it, we knew be
was lying like a thief, and warned our
members not to put any confidence- in
bis promises. And to day he could not
get ten votes in Uage county to re elect:
but on the contrary I think he would
not be able to make the canvass. But
our day is coming, aud to-day if a vote
could be had there weuld be no con
test, and no mandamus, no veto of the
Newberry bill. But we can wait. There
will bo another legislature two years
hence, and niv hoie Is that the numt
conservative may be put up, for In the
temper oi tne people now there would
bo no Quarter triveu. The onlv attention
now is, w hat will it be, the Newberry
inn nxinir rates, or one more sween in if
... .-.-. ...
v e asaeu tor urea J, they gave us a
stouo. lhey have made their bed. let
them lie In it. J, M. Mili.iioi.lani.
Webster County Alliance,
Kciolntions adopted at the mectinir
of the YYebter County Alliance held at
Blue Hill, Neb., April 11, 1W:
Jlnolrtd, That we, the delegates of the
Webster County AlllsDce, at this our
regular quarterly meeting, (to enuorso
the actions and conduct of our senator,
Hon. Win. Uysart, and our representa
tives, Hon. A. Kiley and Hon. C.O.Wil
son In the manly way they strove to up
hold our principles and to bring about
needed reform. And we also rears rd
the lectures and work of Bro. lioorgo
Lynn, of Hastings, done In this county
last fall of lasting benefit to our order,
and toat thev all have the heartv thanks
and support of tho Alliance on behalf
of those we represent.
The executive committee report on
Solitical action together with their
nancial statement was read. It was
moved and seconded. That the report of
the committee ou political action be ap
proved and that we give the committee
a vote oi man lis lor tneir attention,
tldelity.and work durictr said camnaiarn.
and that these resolutions bo published
In ins Iarmers' Alliance, Our Oica
Opinion aud The Xation.
Sec. Webster Co. Alliance.
K, of L. Denounce the Alien Boyd.
Pioneer Assembly, No. UU0,
April 10, 18U1.
Rtsohtd, That this assembly condemns
and censures the action of Gov. Boyd in
vetoing the Newberry freight bill, and
that we recognize in him a tool of cor
porations and capitalists unworthy the
support of the toiling masses. And
further, we pledge ourselves to do all In
our power to prevent him from ever
being ablu to again corrupt, pollute or
degrade the rfponaible position which
he now holds.
To Gov. Bovu: The above resolution
was unanimously passed by the Knights
of Labor of Shelby with the request
that 1 forward a copy of them te yon.
Whatever may have been the consider
ation thitt prompted joti to veto that
bill, the people well know that vice
hides Its deformity beneath the bor
rowed garb of virtue, and that it Is
against spiritual wickedueMi In high
places that they have to contend; aud
the verv general conclusion that the
toiling aud oppressed masses have come
to. Is that your veto Is but another blow
at the cause of liberty aud Jutlco,whlch
they must resent at the ballot box.
it is to be hoped that this act of yours
will be known in history as the last
gauntlet thrown at a down trodden peo
ple w ho are standing on the verge of
deperatlou. The ouly question iti my
mind Is this; Will an iutelllifent, thrifty
people peacefully and calmly stiller the
money power of this country to foiever
fiisteii cu them the chain of i Undo?
W. E. IH
' A OooU Time Coming, Beys,"
PtottU. Neb , April, iwq.
Ei'lTDH Aui tMt fci Ths proMint sg
rh'utturat distress Is psrily due lo ine
way in which tur great rone try b
in e til hss I
At Lot as uw leiritorr hat been enter
id It h Ueu uwd for Hint It Selli.
brl di'td la The great M.ntl
jsitey U U adapted id Urtniug
lUat-e formers khu. arret hunt
mhrr AmekUsns turned ( trturt pup
l Ulll alter the llnuirtirad tot vil,
hence ths fit)ifUr wenl l firmin
ir Mttnt dH det lhs al'e hit j
........ .... wMWi4iii MtmtiHl, Tkrtl If said rawrte shall I la"lrei t f alaaiUtisve to sebgM wl " ., ain ,
tX SSXLt w uf.T..l ltrrM " W. .a.l.4.a, Mk .WMt, Ah. well, ,U.r. .,tw,;
Zt t l.i!.ii!J i h . VI i, k toa utunt tfi putUklty t tatmt a mi. t la dt.e-t,..fc. , wU rouwi int vir flimet I U a orld ,ot
t - J:,, . u i t T . iMP w aH Uh lu pay mt debt UM i''t t. lHm t ImiNi iH.irad aad i Umm inti.k i.ud not th .it.f.wi !
Jw!l it.L. ttJ U ?i i....r:M"'' '. 4 Www rraukii, wh.i Would no i
iasfHMr;B Ms Uatdiy ,. C!Ut UrWM I,r lilJiwM aJ : ll Suit. adwi AltUaca Wltttr
i- ""'' is visnrPa litafcuLiftta n. (Vba cwtscr i.iivtk kkd M trt.
yroxiuiity, and limber aed water power
I via ise.'are certain to produce Manu
facturing if there is any mocev in ii, or
rather as much m in other Vacs. A
proper state aud national policy can
vsu-e it to le profitable. Reciprocity
can make markets for the surplus man
ufactures as well as for breadstuff, and
squeezing the water out of inflated tele
e-rspu and oil stocks, etc., and the low
ering of interest as well as freight also
will set e tpttal to manufacturing. And
it is to be hoped that American shipping
can be revived to transport our incress
ed commerce and so afford us an addi
tional industry which win consume
some of the farmers' products. (Pro
duction without consumption is useless,
Every producer should aUo be a con'
turner. One great cause of bard times
la nnoer consumption, thousands oi
people in our laud do not consume half
what they should do not half live.
Drinking men's families comprise the
most oi these. I'rohiUtton would not
be such a bad thing after all, for the
farmer.) The development of the
mountain region is going to open up i
line market for the western farmer, in
asmucb as he w HI be nearer than his
Illinois and Indiana brokers, and can
ship his products at les cost. He will
also pay less for many manufactures
His eastern brother will be benefited
also, because there is not such a strong
All that Is needed Is assistance to tide
over a few hard years tocome; thentbe
farmer can breathe eaty. He should
not then however cease his efforts to
better his condition, for with increasing
population and an increasing number
oi iarmers nis condition may grow
worte again as years come on. Dut at
ter the present distress has been relier'
ed he can prooeed leisurely.
Then cheer up bovu; there's a rood
lime coming. Hold on to the old farm;
and that mortgage shall be paid, and
tne nttie ones shall have a home when
you away are laid.
H. It. IJLAt KMKB, SCO., JSO. 1127
Endorsing Jat. B. Weaver.
Editor Alliance: I heartily ap
prove of your suggesting General Wea
ver as a candidate tor 1'resident lu VI.
His ability aud his service both recom
mend him for the ollice at well as for
the candidacy. I voted for him In '80
and am anxious to do tosirain.
I desire to add a word of testimony
In favor of "Baker's Money Monoply. '
xne author is an investigating student,
an earnest thinker and an tuthor whom
it Is an honor to know personally.
L. C. Hamninu,
BrciiAXAir, Neb., April 7th, 1801.
Kijitok Alliance: Your editorial
of April 4th is so fully in accord with
my views in regard to the rntididucy
for the independent party that I desire
to second the nomimttiou of Gen. Weav
er for President.
1 have the pleasure of anacuualntance
with Mr. Weaver extendinir liack sev
eral years, and can endorse him as an
able, fearless exponent of the pnnc o es
of the independent party, lie is not a
late recruit, but has been lighting for
such principles for many years. With
such n n able and pure leader, one whose
private as well as public character Is
above reproach, onr party must com
mand the roquet and receive the
votes of such numbers as will insure
Stop Feeding The Plutocrats.
Hawlev, Neb. April 18th. 1801.
Editor Alliakcki I know I am not
good at wielding a peu, but I must
write. I am going to do all that lies in
my power to discourage meu that be
long to tho Farmers' Alliance, Grange,
Knights of Labor or any other that is
working In the Interest of the independ
ent party, from taking or patronizing
any papers but farmers or papers that
are working for the Independents,
home say they want to read both sides
so they will know what the other side
is doing. In the name of common
sense what de they want that for? Do
they not know that while they are doing
that they are taking the bread and but
ter out of their own and their families'
mouths and giving tt to the hired ser
vants of the Plutocrats? We don't want
to feed the Demo-Republican gold bugs
any longer. We have been feedlug
them all our lives. I thought the far
mers had waked up, but it seems at
though some have uot. Do they not
know that we can beat them If we quit
supporting them? But if we keep on
supporting them they will beat us inapite
of Satan. Now we are the masses, aud
cau out vote them If we stand by each
other, and quit standing by them. We
are the producers. We 'have to pro
duce everything that is produced ex
cept thieves aud robbers.
Valley County Alliance.
Orij, April 0th, 1891.
Editor Alliance: At a regular
meeting of the Valley County Farmers'
Alliance held at Ord April 7th the fol
lowing resolutions were adopted and
sent to you for publication.
WiiKHGAs, Valley county is situate! In
the best and most fertile part of the
state and its inhabitants are enterpris
ing and industrious, w ho came here from
the more crowded eat to obtain homes
for themselves aud families, and w ho
luvested their all iu the homes they now
ii iikkeas, tin account of low prices
for farm produce, aud other causes uot
under their control, a ureat tnanv were
compelled to borrow money and mort-
gave tueir nonies; ami
Wiukkas, it bus leen their misfor
tune to have a failure In crops, not
through their neglect hut on account of
the drouth that prevailed thiotigh the
WiitKkAS, Said drouth has cut off
their entire Immediate resources aud
they are now unable to pay the Intercut
that Is or Is to become due on said
tiiortttsgcs for the years of ltK aud "VI
ivinn tuely; aud
VHimms, liy ib,)nlii ui contain
hi tn sani ttiorigHges, a failure to pay
ttie lutervst when due renders tho whole
debt subject lo foreclosure; and
W ntNktt. Multitudes of said mort
gage luve been, aud are about la be
iri-i(iwd, thereby renderlim hundred
clour t eitueHS their whrt and
A'tiajttj fhtl lha lihil.lrt
hotueolesurts and farmer of Valley i
et.umy and slate tl Nebraska fr lite
sakstd hutuauity and sutteriag women dermal they might further their vwn
and e.U;r. d. btrvby p-.iiiott all ' d s.ui (he will of the pv
ewurla tl Vai'ey cestniy and uts t.rid; . .
Nstrka. ta wuhhuld all tumdoaares I .W. that weare proud to honor
of t.tl rut and ail euwulkmt vt tale aad owe r.pakr i.kW a a brother Itt
tut the totui if earm. And La a
tut ller 1
BSWWSl 'SrfT! " .-ataV'V. .ii-AKSsrt...,1 - , , - . . -
The Vtto Denounced.
At a meeting of Looking Backward
Alliance No. 1MU, Apr. 7, im the fol
lowing resolutions were adopted.
Whereas, The railroads are charg
ing exorbitant freight rates in the slate
of Nebraska to the detriment of pro
ducers and laboring classes; and
Whereas, Chas. Alien, Bert Cox,
J. H. Paul, A. C. Putmaa and Jas. C.
Danlman went as a committee from
Chadron, Neb. to petition Gov. Boyd to
veto the New berry Maximum rate bill,
Whereas, We believe said bill voices
the seutiment of the farmers ana la
borers of Neb.,itbereforecbe it
Hewlett!, That we denounce the con
duct of the above named committee,
showing at it does that they are only
tools in the hands of corporations,
partisan cliques and monopolies; and
be it further
Resolved, That a copy of these re sol u
lions be sent to The Farmers' Alli
arce, Dawes County Journal, Alliance
lioomerang, Chadron t ituen and Chad
ron Advocate for publication.
E. F, Woodrcit, Sec
Resolutions of Jefferson County Alliance.
The following resolutions were adopt
ed at a regular meeting of the Jefferson
County Alliance. Apr. 4, 181)1.
Whereas, James E. Boyd, acting
governor, having vetoed the bill known
as the aewberry freight rate bin; there
fore be it
Ketolred, That we the delegates of the
Sub. Alliances of Jefferson County do
denounce the same James E. Boyd as
an enemy to the producers of this state
and assert our belief that he is a tool in
the bands of the corporations.
Jletolted, That a copy of these resolu
tions be sent to The Farmers Alliance
and Independent ot Lincoln and Laborer
of Falrbury forpublicatlon.
I . At. JAMES, bee.
Resolutions unanimously adopted by
Union Alliance No. 8'.8, of Fillmore
County, Neb., April 10, 1801.
t Vte the members oi said Alliance in
regular meeting assembled do welcome
home our honorable member, Mr. Itich-
ard Dobson, who represented Fillmore
county In the legislature of this state;
therefore be it
Ketolred. That the said Kichard Dob-
son hat worked faithfully for the best
interests of bis constituents and the
people of the state at large; and
Whereas, Tim railroad corporations
have fouud in the person of James E.
Boyd a willing tool to veto the Maximum
rate bill; therefore be it
Jlenored, 1 hat the producing classes
of this state, with an honest ballot, will
make It impossible for the old parties.
glued together with a last resort politi
cal plaster, to postpone Justice to the
producing class of this state.
Revolted, That a copy of these resolu
tions be sent to Kichard DobsoD, The
Farmers' Alliance and the Graftou
Leader. Johm O'Brien.
P. W. Mt'RRAY.
The Legislature Approved.
Li-siiTox, Neb., Apr. 6, 1891.
llcsolotioos adopted by Henderson
Alliance No. (M'l. Apr. 4, 18U1.
Whereas, We the member of said
Alliance believe that the independents
have acted wisely and accomplished
much during the session of the legisla
ture that has Jut closed which will be
of great benefit to the farmers; there
fore be it . - '
Resolved, That we do hereby tender
our heartfelt thanks to tho gentlemen
that took such a bold stand lu favor of
the Newberry bill and all other matters
to the farmers inteiest.
Resolved. That we denounce as traitors
the following members, to-wit: Collins
of Gage and Taylor of Loup.
Resolved, That that a copy of these
resolutions be spread upon our records
aud a copy be sent to 1'he Farmers'
Alliance for publication.
,). b. i'l iisel.
Against the Single Tax,
The following resolutions were adopt
ed by Box Elder Alliance No feOa, Apr.
Whereas, Table View Alliance No.
1057 has published resolutions in favor
of tho single land tax, using for argu
ment, "a tax on improvements Is a tax
on labor and a tine on the employer of
labor."!' armers alliance, March 14,
18U1. Therefore be it
Resolved, That the above areument
would apply equally against a tax on
any other class of wealth, especially
laud, because it requires labor to earn
money to buy laud.
Kesolred, that we declare ourselves
as ttnalterablytopposed to the single
land tax lor the lollowing reasons, viz:
1. It would secure special privileires
to capitalists and all who do not own
laud by securing inemenmity from
'i. It would raise the taxes on the
poor land owner, who is compelled to
live in a sod house or a shanty, and de
crease the taxes of the rich neighbor
who may own a house, manufactory,
store or mill worth 100,000.
8. lo illustrate, the taxes of a farmer
owniug 1U0 acres of land worth tl.oou
by the side of a railroad Ciw feet wide)
worth 10,000 per mile would l IU
times the tax on mile ot railroad or
.'01 times as much on every dollar la
vested. 4. We do not want any other class to
bear our Just proportion of taxe. neither
do we wish to bear the Just proportion
of other clatws. ' B. O. Chai'max.
Gibbon. Neb. A'i .Vo'y,
Vindicating Spstkir Elder.
(Aav Ckntih, Neb. April 4th, 1WI.
II u uiony Alliance. No. UMI.
Win Hk as. Certain vile and erroneous
reports hate been circulated besmear-
lug the character of our representative
"' 'rol,,'r. M. Elder, and
WllkKKAS. Slid tVIHHU Itwk lllllll ifllt
prf to uisks them tangible aud
WtlkKkAt, Ws hate unimpeachable
Ulcue ittttt said reports are a'Molute
y fl, I it
RfvJrt-t. lhl we tlieUKiiiUrofll tr
imtuy Alliance No. INI kitvwing said
reports lu t ahwduUly fl tiudU'wts
th character f our "Wiser prAkr
-ldr, tt In vile and ldnt rrit
circulated by hem lug p.lit'cluU or-
alt hU Rjb( shtWavor hv Ihe Inmple
XfiitJ, (hat we it iuud the bae
AMONG NEHKASKA NEWSPAPERS.
Gov. Bajd has done nothing if he has
not simply lied to those who elected
him. He was pledged to support any
measure that would benefit the pro
ducer, lie lied. He refused to do so
when an opportunity was oiered. Blue
Weaver for President.
The Farmers' Alliance of Lincoln
has quite au ably prepared editorial ad
locating the candidacy of Hon. J. B
Weaver of Iowa, for ('resident. Mr.
Weaver fnr many years has been an
acknowledged champion of the labor
cause, and if he should be successful in
getting the nomination for the presi
dency on the independent ticket he cer
tainly would make a strong race.- Blue
Plenty of Thunder.
The independent party has got enough
political thunder for the next campaign
to make It exceedingly interesting for
all opposition. That they will use the
thunder goes without the saying. Grand
Whisky Wasn't "In It."
itie nien who elected Boyd are op
posed to cheaper freight rates; it will
cost Just so much for a drink anywav.
even if the freight on bread was a little
lower. Allen Jews.
The Emblem of Death.
There Is a large -sized piece of crape'
now banging on the door of Nebraska
democracy, ana this is no AurlliuoJ
Joke either,. Waboo New Era.
What the People Will Do.
The governor's veto message was a
pretty thin document. He assumed the
responsibility of the executive and Judi
cial departments of the state and effec
tually blocked the legislative depart
ment. Now the people will proceed to
veto the whole outfit and clean out the
nest from beginning to the end Grand
Fleeing to the Mountains.
The "smart aleck" who thought the
Farmers' Alliance down pour was only
a momentary shower Is now making
for higher ground with all tho speed he
can command. Blue Hill Times.
His Name Would be Pants.
If ever Mr. Boyd should have the ex
treme gall to allow his name to be used
in connection with any ofllce where
honor is required, he will find that his
name will be Dennis, with a great big
D. South Omaha Tribune (dem).
Vetoes and Decisions "to Order."
If Boyd should be pronounced eligi
ble now by the supreme court, what
would be the verdict of the people?
The verdict would be that the veto of
the maximum freight bill was the price
of his scat. This might be unjust, but
it would be the verdict just tne same.
It would be circumstantial evidence,
but circumstantial evidence hang peo
ple, and the gentleman of veto fame
would have to take his medicine. It
would be a fine record of a sovernor
and the supreme court to hand down to
posterity. In such an event it would
be proper to post up a sign on the doors
of their respective agartments, "Vetoes
and decisions on contract according to
plans and specifications." G. I. Demo
crat. Echo Only Answers.
Will there be a democrat found in
the state of Nebraska who will have
the supreme gall to associate the name
of his party with anything that smokes
of progress or reform. Wahoo New
Ferninst the Bee.
Greenwood, Neb., Apr. 4, 1801.
Resolutions passed bv Kock Creek
Alliance No. 053.
W hereas, Book Hupert of Green
wood are co-operating with the Omaha
Ree (the avowed enemy of the Alliance!
in offering the said paper as an induce
ment in disposing of their seeds; there
fore be it,
Resolved. That we denounce this ac
tion and refuse to patronize said firm
while working In the interest of said
Bee. A. E. Sutherland.
M. 11. Jeffrey.
Resolutions of Condolence.
April 2, 1801.
Whereas, It has pleased a Divine
Providence to remove from our midst
the wife of our brother Geo. A. Gem
mell; therefore be it
Resolved, By Custer Alliance No. 449.
that we tender our heartfelt sympathy
to our bereaved lust her and family.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolu
tions be sent to the family and to The
Farmers' Alliance for publication,
and atsj a copy be spread upon tne rec
ord of our Alliance.
J. U. Crinklaw, Pres.
Frkduick Stkfi fns, Secy.
A Good Word for Cranks.
It, is by no means the worst, thing in
the world to be culled a crank. I find
as I prowl up and dow n through the
earth that wherever I meet n man with
sufficient individuality to takes stout
stand against impurity and shams of
every kind, too honest to get ru b. by
underhanded methods ami too brave
to be a cowardly conformist, he i call
ed, a crank. Wherever a woman is
found who thinks more of her brain
than of the but that surmount It she
is a crank. betever a matt Is touted
wh lioiHMtly Mieve life htdds better
thing for bun tltnit toUtHtnissd.UHw
lug t'opinj.iy mi t k h nl iii .y
reamm of hnv t lothe mid . U'ty man j
Hers, w ho w otild rat hvr w tr a shiny.
. lined unit six! an iiiifanlnotiaiile '
ul, Kit-1 thus geiiu the iivin lo t ultt i
Vale bis Uill.il Mild rtt'ttt'tftt his soul, te :
tali crank. Wherever jouna girl te 5
foti'id wba UtubtMt tttlitaiit-r i
a gown to !ete b t !f. raibrr than
to ron'otiit m passing t vie, who t and I
fey a ttirttd at th tik td ti vmin j im-1
iHptiUr, and who is a Uw ttnto Iwr-1
seil by tii tlu'tatt if her nan put,
siwt, womanly l.wut, h u a t rank.
Inn on-vi ari r.ti.kt. i'l.'1 1 tiltroi
lt and j wis armtrfoks, thrsntopfH
A Departmc ct for Home and Fireside, Edited
by Mrs. B. C. O. Vpton.
"The comer stons ot the republic is tke
There's another hind and better
We are told,
Where the slave shakes off his fetter,
And where worth is never debtor
Thither often wc are turning
Weary eyes, .
And our heavy hearts are yearning,
Night and day are throbbing, burning,
For its skies.
There that foolish superstition, ,
Pride of birth,
Finds its sudden demolition,
Aud our being's final minion
There the Insolence of power
And the proudest soul must cower,
For the spirit takes no dower
From the clay.
Common lives have wondrous splendor
In that light,
For the spirit meek and tender
Puts to shame the king's defender
Shorn of might.
Natures touched with fires seraphic
Shed their care,
And on peace girt Islands Sapphic,
Far from fretful toil and traffic,
Dream and dare.
Laws through years of wrong descended
There are changed;
Cut'oms with injustice blended,
Creeds for centuries defended,
Heaven has solace without measure
You and I
Should not dream of earthly pleasure,
But should think about our treasure
In the sky.
The following is from a pamphlet
written by Mrs. Esther L. Warner, of
"A government by tho people for the
people must include all the people
Not only Justice but expediency require
a chango from a government by half
the people to the whole. The mother
element is needed to co-operate in the
management of public affairs, and the
housekeeping genius of women might
be utilized to great advantage In con
ducting the business of a municipality.
Men and women are made to work to
gether, and the one sided character of
our institutions is responsible for much
mat is amiss.
There seems to be an impression bar
log a strong bold on many minds that
when women have political liberty thev
will desert their homes and rush around
the ttrcets trying to make up lost time
by voting perpetually. Men and ureth
ren, don t worry, Womanhood is not a
product of legislation and cannot be
abolished by law. We shall take care of
our names tnougn tne heavens fall. The
wail of deserted Infants does not reach
front Kansas, and the cry of the child'
ren does not awake the echoes in Wyo
ming, where for twenty years worn.
au's "sphere" has included political
duties, if the consequences of full
suffrage for women had been as dis
astrous to the home as many deem it,
the constitutional convention in Wyo
ming would have been besieged by din
nerless men in buttonless shirts pro
testing against continued invasion of
masculine rights, and If their plea had
not availed, the lobbies at Washington
would bave swarmed with specimens of
neglected humanity, tryinir to influence
the general government In their behalf.
A Buffalo. N. Y.. saloonist. in offer-
intr his business for sale for a thousand
dollars, states as an inducement to the
purchaser, that five thousand laborers
pass his place daily. Does not govern
ment owe protection to these men
rather than to the place where drunk
ards are manufactured?
Sayings and Doings of Women.
About the first of March. Mrs. Mary
A. Hitchcock, president of the State W.
C. T. U. reported that she had sent to
the relief of the drouth sufferers in Ne
braska (533 in money, aud 1.1,000 pouuds
of freight consisting of sixty barrels.
fifty boxes, and ten bales, and added,
"New places are calling upon mo- for
holp. As fast as supplies come they are
sent and I have faith that help will come
until suffering is over and plenty reigns
again." AU this and vastly more lias
been done so quietlv that few are aware
that tho W. C. T. 0. has done any of
the immense relief work of this trying
winter. Some, in their iiinorauce. have
criticised the union for failing iu this
respect. One Irate lady who had re
ceived a blank petition asking for mu
nicipal suffrage, which she was re
quested to circulate, responded that she
thought the women of Nebraska were
"crazy" at well as the men, aud that
she thought they had better spend the
time In dolug something to aid the suf
ferers." Our rjone was: "These
things ought ye to have done and not
have left the other undone."
Elijsbcth CsJy Stanton's Ideal Daughter
T wa happily surprised with my
tall stately daughter. Marguerite Berry.
A fine looking girl t f twenty, straight,
strong and soutul, modest and pleasii g.
with nothing tt what we should call
sWek alt a...l HU. .a
miles, ikrtt het from nature w'uh great
kill aud rapid. ty. She ran catch a
pony In paiture. sddt him and ride
like the wind Mie ran tulik a cow,
rook a dinner, l;i I. write aud speak
I had afwsya said lo my son "When
you do marry d. t hoow a woman w tih
a iu and mtu Uih, rvmeintwr th
In lit hiw ih ctmd.tWa el Vw Umes la
in r t l trot w-i
ltd wha ltieviU'rt IntHKlunl hi
lfa ts , he mid "YtU sea. I natal
iona.i yotr attuca, ut tp; is as!
straight as i.urol. and vtv uth la
b.f a v-n.d Mf YkU runaadi f
t vf ).t4 Hiaa p wniln put
my 'i.t ,.r lb Ni. i.'.d u.
followed ytr aUtcv, U
ir sp.a Is as!
ttitHy laihtugM tt f lilgtirili
"n. .ia i. !. u ihtagi gi
. . a pii a"'i
ti ai la ktal to
turv4 t '
kttd laid . i
wua a lk of orttta
lU coti. aiMtoul tt'ltwtf ' '1U' I
an," said , sxa.tly. but alia vry j
wk aud rrifkwl , and tt Is k graal
! la l Had la a wotuaa who U.
alwsi til I r j koikini wots ua
ANTIQUITY OF WRITING
How the Ancients Comr lunlcated
Their Thoughts by Written Char
acter. It would appear that Palestine, or
at all events the tribes immediately
surrounding it, were in close contact
with a civilized power which had es
tablished trade routeVf rom the south,
and protected them from theattaksof
the nomad Bedouin.
The part now performed, or sup
posed to be performed, by Turkey w as
performed before the days of Solomon
by 1-he princes and merchants of Ma'
A conclusion of unexpected interest
follows this discovery. The Mimrans
were a literary people; they used an
alphabetic system of writing, and set
up their inscriptions, not only in their
southern homes, but also in their col
onies in the north.
If their records really mount back
to thutaqe now claimed for them and
it is difficult to see where counter ar
guments are to come from they will
be far older than the oldest known in
scription in Phietiiciun letters.
Instead of deriving the Minu-an al
phabet from the I'luiiiician, we must
derive the Phwnician alphabet from
the Minrran, or from one of the Ara
bian alphabets of w hich the Mintean
was the mother; instend of seeking in
Phimicia the primitive lionieof the al
phabets cf our modern world, we
hall hai eto look for it in Arabia.
Cation Isaac Taylor, in his "Ilis
foryof'he Alphabet," had already
found himself compelled by plu'graphic
evidence to assign a much earlier date
to the alphabet of South Arabia than
that which had previously been as
cribed to it, and the' discoveries of
Glitter and Ilommcl show that he was
The discovery of the antiquity of
writing among the populations of Ara
bia cannot fail to inllurnce the views
that have been current of late years
in regard to t lie earlier history of the
We have hitherto taken it forgrant
ed that tho tribes to whom the
Israelites were related were illiterate
nomuds, and that in Midian or Edom
the invaders of Palestine would have
had no opportunity of making ac
quaintance with books and written
Before the time of Samuel and Da
vid it has been strenounly maintained
that letters were unknown in Israel;
but such assumptions must now be
considerably modified. The ancient
Oriental world, even in Northern Ara
bia, wns a far more literary one than
we have been accustomed to imagine;
and us for Cantan, the country in
which the Israelites settled, fought
and intermarried, we now liave evi
dence that education was carried on
in it to a surprisingly high point.
In tho principal cities of Palestine
aa active literary correspondence wns
not only carried on, but was main
tained by a foreign language and an
extremely complicated script. There
must have been plenty of sc hools and
teachers, as well as of pupils and
books. Contemporary Review.
The man who is always prying into
tho private concerns of other people
would be an unqualified nuisance, but
the fact that he Is sometimes amusing
and lends himself readily to caricature, ;
as in this sketch from the Chicago
"Coin' fur, mister?".
The question was asked by a long-.
nosed, thin lipped man with pointed
chin-whiskers, a slouch hat and a hun
gry expression of countenance. He
was resting his elbows on the seat in
frout of him, which seat was occupied
by a passenger in a gray check suit.
The passenger addressed turned
partly around, took a look at bis
questioner, and replied:
"les, l am coinu to Nashville, down
in Tennessee. My business there is to
sell four shares of bank stock, dispose
of my interest in a farm ol; eighty
acres ten miles from the city, and in-
...... 1 . l . .
me iiroceeus in a cioiiun, estab
lishment on North Cherrv Street. I
a in from Bcardstown, Cass County,
I cot on the train there nr. o SB
this morning. It wns forty-five min
utes behind time. My ticket cost me
eleven dollars and sixty-five cents. I
shall take the sleeper when the sun
eoes down. Had my dinner cbotit an
hour ago. Paid seventy-five cents for
it. This cigar cost me ten cents. I
have been a sniokerforabout thirteen
"My name is Clinuncey' McConnell.
I am thirty-nine years old, have a wil'a
and font-children, came originally from
Ilarrodshmv, Kentucky, and am &
member of the Congregational (lurch.
1 was formerly a drtireist. but sold
out to a man named Trendwny, and
urn nut, in nny iniMiiess now. I am
worth iwrhnim ten thousand dnlliiri.
My father waa a eooner. ami m
grandfather wits a ea-cuptin.
"My wile's name was I a rr before I
married her. Her father was a mu
veyor. That's nil I know alxnir her
family. We live in a two story frame
hottMs and the children h ive ull had
the miiinps, 1 1. i. Un pox and measles.
When 1 reach Xit.h i!U I iMi tn
atop nt the Man well limp."
l2tOIft-d. The Ioiij niiswd man r.
gnrti"! nun a
moment with intemt.
and then hU
I, in a tpiertilous, d
S4t i-llnl v:
Vhw .It. I ...... ... . i-
" " '." " B"rM-graiW4tair.W a0
iur mm r
! thottM ay," n-:iintki-1 an xpit
to a Mt York fun terrier, "that
tWre arw at Jv.tt .ViUMirmiii bitha
city i.f Nn Yotk, and Ithu.ktb.y
htuld s'arl a iiewiiwr tu lrall..l
j t! truttk. It U proi r lodvfliHi a
jrrank aroit whi diiW in hi
opinions or i tn-iit i irom th inrtj.tr. ly
, . 1
, . , , . . :
",r4 battel wn Msur lutf hir
mm "' ' " i tank in
,'i' ' I .lu and nt .1)',
" Ulk bV mi.k, but 4,.i
i . i t"tvr i ;
IMS Im a a
'mSM (.tik, 11 a.4 Im a tortutw tn
"o"w gvi itt-uiy l tt, ik
m'Ml tto woi. .. riKirHb-4
a tfl'aul. fH.Ii toolw sr. iri,ti
oaa tiwf, . it !-,, i (.! .hr. tVw
a.ti at t rant Ur Uotty or fu-v
a.ty. tr ok tiny ko. s.N..u.tl.
V uf IU umi U r fvk
tii.k.iT .i tu th mil hou; na
'J. ; ...-
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