The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, March 07, 1891, Image 4

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    Gfct larmcra' Alliance.
mbtUk4 iTtry Saturday by
Tex Allianct Publishing Co.
Cor.Uth n4 M BU., Lincoln, Neb.
J. man Miter
i.M. TaoMrao ButinrM Manager
"lath beauty t( the lillle .
Christ wu bora across the mi,
With a glory in his bosom
That transfigures yon and me.
As he strove to make men holy
Let s strive to make them free.
Since God Is marching on." 1
TariEou.
1av1 erowns cleave to deserts,
And power to him who power exerts.1
"A ruddy drop of manly blood
The surging sea outweighs.
Emerson.
"Be who eannot reason is a fool,
Be who will not reason Is a coward.
Bo who dare not reason is a slave."
TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Addrc all butlntw communication! to
Alliance Publlahln Co.
AsldrrM mutter for publication to Editor
Fanarr' Allimioe.
Article written nn both tidra of lb paper
oaanut tut uard. erjr ions comiuuniL'Mtioiia,
aa aruia cannot im um.
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS.
Wo wish to nay to our correspondents
that the fact that their articles do not
appear in our columns is not evidence
that they are rejected. Our space for
letters is limited to about one pago per
week. We receive enough each week
to entirely till our paper. A large bun
die of letters is now before us which. we
hav e not even been able to examine, say
log nothing about printing. In time it
will be looked over, and such of it as is
timely and valuable be inserted. Mean
while much it of goes out of date, We
arc glad to receive , short well-written
article, and will use all we can.
O. P. MASON, THEN AND NOW.
We invite attention to two letters
from 0. 1. Mason, written In the fall of
1887, when he was ono of the secre
taries tut the bourd of transportation,
and addressed to tho managers Of the
U, F. and B. & M. railroad companies.
It will tie seen that there is a very radi
cal difference between Mr. Mason's po
sition on the rate question at that time
and the present. Then he was greatly
in favor of a reduction of rates. He
showed then that the local rates in
Nebraska were not only enormously
high per, but that they were out of
all proportion to the rates in force in
Iowa and Minnesota.' lie asserted that
there was then no freight rate in this
state that was justifiable compared with
the rates of otherttates. lie denounced
the rates then in force as "highway rob
kcry" He said the Nebraska rates
"amid not be defended," and compared
their effects upon the industries of' this
state to "tho gaping bleeding wounds
of tho assassin's knife. e
Since that date there has been no ma
terial reduction In rates in this state.
In fact, the average of rates are fully as
high as they wcro then. What is Mr.
Mason doing now? Ho is arraying
every known argument he can invoke
he is bringing his great ability in the
nso of English words into play to pre
vent tho passage of the very laws which
in 1887 he warned Mr. Holdrege might
como "with theienicmbranceof wrongs
unredressed and appeals for right and
justice unanswered." In pursuit of this
end he outrages the laws of hospitality
and social life by advocating partisan
views at a social banquet and attacking
a private citi.an in his absence.
It may be thought that Mr. Mason is
inconsistent in this matter, but that is
not true. A place was obtained for
Win as a secretary of the board of trans
portation to enable him to serve the
Lincoln board of trade. In its efforts to
prevent discrimination against this city,
and when he wrote those able and
truthful letters ho was earning a hand
some foe from that Itoard. At the pre
ent time he is tho retained attorney of
the railroad, and is earning another
handsome fee in advocating directly
the opposite doctrine. In other mcu
this would b Inconsistency, but it coin
ports exactly with the principles of O.
P. Mason. f
That he really.Ulicve what ho wrote
in 17 is probably true, as the facts and
arguments he then presented are un
answerable, while his arguments at the
preeot Uine are weak and fultile. Hut
f what Importance Is it what such a
an lmlieves? His great ability, Instead
ef adding lustre to his character, has
serve' to urnlh It. The talent which
eaa be indifferently u-d to serve one's
eountrv or to destroy it become a mark
ef reproach. The man, knot a to be
bl, who rait go from one extreme to
thaoth rla hi advocacy of measures,
without any change of fact or condi
tion, lo hi tutluencwand the rv-peet
f hi fallow nin at one and the tame
bwtaut. In all of Mr, Jdaton's eeilou
ewly one mailt U tlc4rniilthat of
arlf latere!. Thl motive carric him
aily through every potbl rb.ng
U4 contradiction of conduct without
tfc iotuHUrt Imputation or ehf of a
, virtu. While it may kav wclot!ly
Mfiyed hb 'ato a food vt'.on, the
Kit h b no prtf of Klthor
r boner 1hr 1 v doubt tht th
Alliance eoukl un hU adveracy of a
uiIiuum rate bill by a of.UU-ittiy
tr$ fe, but the miruli of makta u
( l km eu if aiti'h U..I-it!y nu
til mstvria, t4!y it vaid tk
THE PARMxlKS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NEB,, SATURDAY MAR 7, 16Q1.
roads could make up another purse.
Without honesty, reputation or charac
ter, the censure of posterity can have
no terrors for him. Hut there Is a debt
due to those who come after us, and It
is the historian's duty to punish, though
he cannot correct. ..We have somewhat
carefully observed his course for some
years, and in that time it has com pre
henucd everything that an honest man
should avoid. An advocate without
prineiple and a hypocrite without de
ceiving, we hand him down as a nega
tive instruction to his successors for
ever. .
THE OMAHA STOCK YARDS.
The Bee, true to its latterday monopo
ly instincts has an article in its issue of
the 28th, headed "a stab at home Indus
try," in which it support the stock
yards monopoly, at Omaha, and oppos
es tho proposition for open yards in
which competitors shall bo free. The
yards are controlled by a close corpora
tion Intended to give the big four prac
tical control of the live stock Interests,
This monopoly not only desires to eon-
trol the trade, but by its rulee dictates
what shall be done with the commissions
earned by the buyers at the yards. The
American Live Stock Association di
vides its commissions with Its custom
ers. Its customers are the Alliance men
of this state. In opposing the bill to
regulate this matter the Beo Is square
ly antagonizing the Alliance of this
state, which is a stock holder in tho A.
L. S. A. The Alliance only asks fair
play, "equal rights before the law," and
that it Intends to have. 1 he bill now
pending in relation to this matter should
bo passed without delay. It contains no
unjust restrictions, and strikes down no
homo i nd ustrles. It strikes solely at the
pernicious restrictions of a pernicious
combine.
WHAT DO THE WOMEN 8AY?
There are two bills before the Legis
lature that need au airing. They are
Senate tile No. 74 and 7.5, and relate to
the widow's share In her husband's es
tate. They propose to change the pres
ent law that gives the widow one-half
of her husband's property and restore
tho old law giving her the use of one
third In all cases. We believe the wid
ow's interest iu the property has some
times been an impediment in the way of
the mortgagee taking it, and so this bill
proposes to limit her interest as much
as possible. We wish the women would
make a protest and make, themselves
beard about this scheme. Will they
allow this outrage on their rights to
pass unrehuked? We do not believe
the men in our legislature will pass it.
Indeed we believe St has been proposed
to amend it by allowing the widow half
of tho property in case there are no
children and the property does not ex
ceed J .'O.OOO; but It is a shame to pro
pose such a retrogressive step. Just
think of it, wives and mothers! View
the widow shorn of the love that pro
tected her, of the strong right arm on
which she leaned, weighed down with
her sorrow, and tell us what you think
of this sympathy of the legislator who
proposes to step In and add to her bur
den by robbing her of her property.
Yes, robbing Is the word, for usually
she has done her full share to make it,
aud it is hers as much as it Is her hus
band's by every law of right dealing.
There are exceptions to this rule, and
there might be law to cover these ex
ceptions; but, as a rule, the joint earn
ings of a married pair should remain
the indivisible possession of the ono who
is left alone when death separates them.
Children's interests are just as safe in a
mothers care as in a father's. Women
today are learning business, and they
should on that account be granted fuller
rights in the property instead of less.
Wo say protect the wives in their
rights of property. Woman has been
an unpaid laborer through all the years
of tho past, but it is not in accord with
the usual course of ourlegislatiou In
these days to Ih taking step back to
wards the dark ages of her slavery aud
degradation; and we hope aud trust
that no such law as this will be per
mitted to pas by tho honorable, men
who compose our legislature.
S. l No. 74 Is a very cunningly
drawn bill. It looks exactly s though
it was drawn by a mail who wanted to
cheat his w Iff. See, 8 provide an my
means by which a husband may alienate
real estate without hi wife's vousent or
signature to a deed. Nee. 4. provides a
means by whbha hubud cau mort
gage an estate without a w ife' consent,
and the mortgage hold good ngaiul the
wife' dower.
See. 4 deotroy the wife's dower right
In property mortgaged for purchase
money a agaiiwt the mortgagee. Aud
so on and fourth.
THE PENITENTIARY CONTRACT.
We notice an Item in th Vvri famy
'v Mil rvl.it Sou Ut the above, bit lm-,
It mt that Mr, Mr watt and hi com
mit! art doing their full duty in (he
!u l.tft',oii. and Mind up by saving
that , 'if f ill tutiU-e I not doue It nil!
Hot b lh fault of J. II. fctawai t,"
Now, we MtuU'Niantt it, m attempt
tt,i vr ha uiadtr lowrd an
lnpt!gtlo and the fault lit i who'.ly
vith Mr , iwu- uulrt pr(hsH Mr,
Muhr I U Warn fr It. W hat
onto tery damaging fa t la this mat
tc, id utH a tloroueh ltUg
IU sad report U laads, we glv
thm tetfcv 'ifc our ad-uttjuud
bberality,
THE STATE UNIVERSITY.
Every little while something; oc
curs to show that there U still a
good deal of misapprehension, with
occasionally not a little of mis
statement regarding the .Nebraska
Mate university. In many cases
these are doubtless due to ignorance of
the facts, while In others they are ap
parently inspired by prejudice. There
are periodic atteuipU it create the feel
ing that tho university Is an expensive
luxury, and ligure are given to prove
the assertion. Let us now see what are
the facts. In twenty-two years tho uni
versity has erect !d eight buildings, viz.;
Four halls for class rooms and labora
tories, a boiler house, a farm house, a
farm barn, and an experimental build
lug. Tho first hall was built - without
expense to the state, from the proceeds
of tho sale of lands, and the last named
above was built out of government
funds, The six other, buildings cost
about 12Q,000, certainly not a great
rum for twenty two years. The aver
age annual expense of the university,
aside from buildings, has been about
40,(X)0 per year since its opening. Of
course it was much less than this In the
early days, when the students were
few, while now it is about double this
sum. This sum has not only paid
saluries and current expense for fuel,
repairs, etc., but it has supplied books,
chemicals, specimens, and apparatus of
all kinds, and for all' departments,
from agriculture and mechanics to
literature and the classics. That the
money has been carefully spent the
libraries, laboratories, and museums
bear unquestionable witness, A part
of this, moreover, has been borne from
funds which came from the govern
ment, so that the people of tho state
were not taxed to that extent.
'Ihe university tax of of a mill on
each dollar of valuation has been spoken
of as an "extraordinary tax," but is it
so when we reflect that It Is for the
purpose of affording freo education to
any boy or girl iu the state? By law
tuition Is free, thus enabling many a
poor man's son to obtain a thorough
education. Is it an "extraordinary
tax" for the man who has a property
valuation of $1,000 to pay 37 cents for
the benclit of the young people of this
commonwealth? Tho son of a rich
man can go to Harvard, Yale, Colum
bia, or Princeton, and pay the tloOto
$200 per year demanded by these insti
tutions for tuition, but the boy from
the poor man's home cannot do this,
and it is only in rare coses that the
farmer's son or daughter can provide
for such expenditures. The free State
university Is his only hope. That the
young people of this class do largely
take advantage of these opportunities
s shown by the statistics recently
collected by a committeo of the alumni.
It appears that fully 55 per cent of the
young men and women aro children of
farmers and others who gain a living
by manual labor, Forty-two per cent
of the young women, and 48J per cent
of the young men are the children of
farmers. And here just a word about
tho preparatory department which
some criticise, and would at once cut
off. To do so would sever the bond
connecting tho country school with the
university. As It is now, tho boy from
the farm may enter any department of
the university through the preparatory
department. To cut it off would In
many cases seriously Interfere with
hopes for obtaining a higher education.
In another way the university has
shown careful management of its re
sources. Fifteen or sixteen years ago
it bought a tract of land near tho city,
for a college farm, which la still used
for experimental purposes. Tho origi
nal cost was about $20,000, and the ad
ditional expenses since will not bring it
up to more than $25,000. ThU tine
tract has so increased in value that for
years it has beeu eagerly sought after
by speculators. 1 ho university has
positively refused to part with any
portion of it, feeling that it would
eventually add from half a million to a
million dollars to the endowment, bo
sides leaving a tract stilllcieut for ex
perimental purposes. Hy care lit guard
ing this property,- university w ill In
time Is'come as wealthy as tho older In
stitutions of the eat.
Three thousand youug ptople, ht the
lowet estimate, have already received
more or leu liwtruetiou In the uui
verslty. Nonto of these have studied
for but a few months, w bile other have
spent 1 or seven years. Last year
forty received degree upou the conn
pletlon of course of study. The youug
people go out to all part of tho state,
and thus carry the Icateu of education
and culture to It rnuattat bonier.
The article lu a late number of the
Uw eutitled, "An Lpeula Luxury,"
condemning the university friu alimM
eny staudpoittt, seem to us to li
ery unretuviti.ible. If tha unhrrslly
w located at Omaha probably there
would tm "niarteau student from
Omaha" In lu cWe. hpit aglut
Lincoln wtt o hate inspired th
article, The Nac nnUtnlty at a
l.lilctdti liHtltiiti ; it Uu atati I tint tin
lion, and rry member of U leg's.
laur i mt a mrrv vltUvn of thi
tl, should deUv 10 e II fo forward
la th rnnn r of lu futue it ha id
proiuMng y e ntrd,
IT'Oc by ouo the now UlUaud
en bv on ih uonul school M!U ate
irlogid to 0 rtVuii ft obscurity.
A MULTIPLICITY OF CONFER
ENCES. At the meeting of the Southern Alli
ance' at Ocala, some parties joined in
calling a conference to form a national
party. This did not suit the Washing
ton junta, and they succeeded first in
postponing it, and then in belittling it
to a committee meeting at Washington,
under the immediate eye and manage
ment of Macune and Terrell. This com
mittee meeting amounted to, nothing.
It was not representative in its charac
ter, ahd attracted little or no attention.
Iss than a dozen persons attended it.
A new call is now bwued for a confer
ence to be held at Cincinnati, May l!th.
Tho paternity of this call is unknown.
We regret to know that names were ap
ponded to it without authority by their
owner. Mr. Powers did not authorize
the use of his name. Mr. Hcecher, of
N. Y.. writes us that bis name was
forced to it. How many names were
thus used it is impossible to determine,
and we do not care. We have little
hope of good results from these confer
ences. Too many separate and distinct
hobby riders go to them, each deter
mined to sacralice every body's hoblw
but his own. The plan proposed by the
National Alliance at Omaha, to organ
le the units and ignore the societies,
is tho one that gives promise of the
greatest success. It proposes six planks
upou.whicb a great many people agree
It proposes a practicable and easy plan
for assembling a national nominating
convention in IHV2. It uses all reform
organizations to carry forward the work,
but gives none of them representation
or control. A convention assembled in
pursuance of that plan would be pre
eminently a people's contention, and
raiffht do a grand work. Schemes and
plans and candidates may be "set up
by organized societies and committees;
but under this plan to organize the units
they could not. We care nothing for
men, parties or societies. We want to
see a people t independent national con
vention In 1892, that will nominate a
peojie' ticket, without any fusion or
combination with any party whatever.
Such a ticket will sweep tho country.
"Organize the units."
A CITIZENS' REFORM TICKET.
' That the city government of Lincoln
needs a thorough overhauling and reno
vation any man with the least penetra
tion must know. Individual property
owners work tho council for the im-
provment of their property street rail
ways and electric light companies seem
to own the city minors of jobs are in
the air, and the fingers of thieves are in
tho people's poekctsv A political ring
controls the ollices, and thus perpetu
ates the rule of corruption. How is a re
form to be accomplished? Only in one
way. A citizen's ticket, made upof good
honest business men who have the confi
dence of their fellow citizens, must be
placed in nomination, and the voters
must support it, without any regard to
party ties. This U the only way, Di
vide as usual on party lines march up
like sheep as usual and vote for a party
name and a few of the political bums
will make their sharp trades, and the
corrupt element will tetain power. It
doesn't make a particle of difference in
our city government whether a man Is a
democrat, a repullcan or an Independ
ent. The only questions that concern
the people are Is he capable, is he
hones
If the people of Lincoln have not had
enough of a boodle city government, let
them just stay by tho old party arrange
ments, and the dance will go on. If
they have had enough, let a number of
reputable citizens join in a call tor a
citizens reform ticket, to run upon a
platform of purity and honesty, and
they can get rid of the boodle gang,
and in no other way.
WHAT IS ROBBERY?
In a lato article about farm mortga
ges the Itee unwittingly gives us its idea
of what constitutes robbery aud plun
der. It says, referring to tho average
rate of interest paid by tho farmers of
tho south and west:
"Ten ier cent Is the maximum rate,
both in the west aud iu the south, aud
it rauses upward until iu some cases it
touches 40. It is a humiliating reflec
tion uM)u our financial methods that
men are compelled to pay more man 10
per cent for money secured on property
a substantial as auytluug that cau b
offered. A safe investment I tearing
interest at 10 per emit is Osgood mptvu-
ment jt capital U juttified in atking or
tabar in utUmptina to proi ide. Kvery-
thiuir above that ttgure U robbery, o-
cured In a spirit of plunder by the exer
cise or migui agamst rignc. u u en
tirety jul that the lawmaking power
should be directed iu all its force
agaiust the continuance of such crimi
nal methou of banting.
1 he eanttru loauer and the western
borrower are iudiimable to each
other. Neither ak more than the
other U willing to grant. Tha evil of
the pnut mortgage yteui reaUles In
the third party or middle man, who
take Id pound ol tleah out of both par
tic and tin Iw equally well ou their
fortune aud mUfoluuu. Ho U tho man
that the Is tukr ought U be gunning
for."
(The Italics are our ) There are tmni
trry lutervatlog aduiiMlou In the
eMract, nd lhy rv directly opponed
to the Ivor of th H"c' tr4i'hlcgt ou
th ruone uuutiou for aral tear
pt. Fir!, the current banWr't po
litical economy, which the Itae ha
Wan advocating, tract) that capital
smptoys Uhor, Tas lle in (he above
uaruty aduui that UUf rmpioy
capital The IW ha lrmtou.l
oppoiel any Saw Istnb-rtiig with
the subject of interest. In the above it
ays "tho lawmaking power should be
directed m all it9 force against" excess
ive Interest exactly the doctrine we
have been teaching.
We have also repeatedly stated that
it was not the eastern capitalists who
were asking or receiving high rates, or
were putting a financial boycott on this
state, and threatening to withdraw their
funds if financial legislation was at
tempted. The Bee now 6ays the same
thing viz: that it is the third party,
the middle man, "who takes his pound
of flesh out of both parties, and thrives
equally well on their fortune and mis
fortune. He is the man the lawmaker
ought to be gunning for."
Is the above a mere lapsus linguae on
tho part of the Bee, or, Is it getting
ready to imitate Its democratic con
gencr the World-Herald, and put up at
its editorial head, "Independent in
politics?"
THE ONLY WAY OUT.
We need a constitutional convention
In this state. The present constitution
is entirely inadequate to our necessities.
Good enough, perhaps for a state of
100,000, population, It is a straight jack
et for a state of 1,200,000. It is being
evaded and violated every day, and will
of necessity continue to be so more and
more, as the state grows in population
and wealth. We have numerous execu
tive officers which the constitution pro
hibits, and we need more; we need an
elective board of railroad commission
crs. Under the present constitution wo
cannot have a board that is satisfactoay
to the people. In many other particu
lars the constitution needs remodeling.
The system of amendments now in
vogue is clumsy and unsatisfactory,
and multiplies issues and complicates
elections every two years, Let us have
a constitutional convention, and fix ah
organic law that will not need amend
ing for at least one decade.. It will take
at least three years to get tho work of
such a convention in force; so we hope
the legislature will provide for ono
without delay.
LOOK OUT FOR A JOB.
II. H. No. 803 is a speculator's job.
Some speculators of this locality desire
to have an appropriation from tho state
to aid them in improving a park; and
have got up a scheme for draining Salt
Creek on the pretext of improving the
drainage of some state institutions.
Pessibly there may bo some merit in
the proposed scheme, but the state does
not need at this time to put its linger
into any private enterprises. The fine
Italian hand of Mr. Hathaway may be
seen in this matter. It is said that a
purse of $5,000 has been raised to put
the job through. Lookout.
THE
CHEMICAL LABORATORY
HILL.
We hope the bill Introduced by Mr.
Shrader - appropriating $:)0,000 for a
laboratory building on the agricultural
farm will pass. The Hatch bill which
passed congress in 1880, appropriates
$15,000 annually for the use of states
erecting such laboratories on their Agri
cultural farms. By expending :!0,000
for such a building we will secure the
expenditure of that amount in the state
within two years, and $13,000 per year
annually thereafter. This is a move to
directly promote the live stock interests
of this stats, and It Is eminently proper
that a farmer legislature should inau
gurate it.
ANOTHER BOGUS ALLIANCE
SCARE.
Our telegraphic dispatches herald tho
formation of a gigantic grain and live
stock trust, and attribute the same to
the Alliance. Tho Alliance is not in it.
Only fools who are utterly ignoraut of
economic laws, or knaves who are work
ing fools for money, propose such a
trust. The disastrous failure of Ma
cune's similar scheme in Texas ought to
make all Alliance men wary about tak
ing stock In any such concern. But
these statements mostly havo their ori
giu iu the imaginations of associated
press agents.
COSTS OK THE CONTEST.
Independents cannot uffotd to roto
for any steal in the matter of costs for
the contest. The purtie to the coutest
should have actual expenses uccessarlly
incurred, aud nothing more, lu com
puting these expenses compensation
for services of attorneys, stenographer,
etc., should le placed at just the figure
private parties would have got the same
labor for, and not a cent more. We
want uo klud of a wwludle lu this mat
ter. The lndcMudeut cannot afford
to make any record that will not bear
the fullext scrutiny,
CAPTAIN REAL.
Caplaiu Heal of Fillmore county wa
a welcome caller at OuroOlce tat Tue
day. The captain U a ulern of tho
war, and one of the bct eltieu id hi
county, a ll a a high minded, lad
pcndeitt spirited gutlcuiu an IrUh
man lu make the my Wt of Amer
ican cUiien, We tnut U gonial
prMit Ut oltm d l.ght In our
p4th.
' EDITORIAL UNTAIRNKSS,
the On ft'.'sV. of ILuting. criltctH
a cuiiuuukUo hich i pi rnl la
Lttt i.Ulbr 4"f TM Al tU Xt le Jug
lu Nadm tolefvr that It an rdi
torlal at il:!o. We had Hot tippottn!
ihrlour brother I.rnda atpruw to
luck uafatrftt. U3
0. P. M ASON ON FREIGHT
' f
FREIGHTS OPPRESSIVE AJtt EX
TORTIONATE, AS COMPARED
WITH IOWA ASD HISS.
WHAT MR. O. P. MASON REALLY
THINKS WHEN NOT PAID BY
i CORPORATION TO THINK
OTHERWISE.
Letter to the Union Pacific Railroad
Company. '
Lincoln, Neb., July 23, 187.
Mr. T. J. Potter Vice-President; Mr. T,
I. Kimball, General Traffic Manager,
If. P. L'ailroad Company.
Gentlemen: I herewith transmit to
you for consideration a comparative
statement of rates of freight charges in
Iowa and Minnesota, with the rate
charged on the Union Pacific railway
for a distance of 300 miles west of Oma
ha. It will be noted that your rate on
first class freight for all distances over
40 miles is much higher than in Minne
sota or on the Burlington and Missouri
River railroad In Nebraska, and as the
distance Increases your freight rate In
creases very much faster than tn Iowa
and Minnesota, or on the Burlington
and Missouri Kivcr railroad iu Nebras
ka for 300 miles west of Lincoln or from
Omaha; and your fourth class rate is
still more apparent. The rate charged
on fourth riass in some instances is very
nearly three -fifths of the rate charged
on first class, and the rate on fourth
class should be 50 per cent of the first
elass rate, If you follow the rule of most
western states. And, ..when your first
class rate is more than double that of
Iowa, and when you go beyond 280
miles, nearly double that of Minnesota,
moles a rery oppresshe and extortionate
freight ia riff which the people of this
state are required to pay, w hen com
pared with Iowa and Minnesota. And
it is believed that the balance of traflic
for ;500 miles west from Omaha will
compare rery favorably with the aver-.
ago volume of traffic in Iowa and Min
nesota on the whole system of roads in
those states, so that it is not believed
by me that the volume of traffic furnish
es any rational or reasonable pretext
for your exorbitant and oppressive
charge. '
In fixing rates, it is believed that the
charge made by the Burlington and Mis
souri River railroad in Nebraska on
first class freight is high enough, and
that your first class rate on freight is
oppressive and high. One dollar and
twenty-four centt per hundred pounds for a
300 mile haul on your main line west from
Omaha is oppressive and extortionate when
compared uilh JoirtPaud Minnesota.
You are respectfully requested to re
duce your rate so that the same shall ,
in some measure correspond uilh the rales
in Iowa and Minnesota: The people In
this state have sufferred long and pa
tiently a very high rate for the trans
portation of freight by rail. Patience
and endurance may not always last.asd
it might be well to relieve them in some
measure of the burden they now cany.
Yours truly,
O. P. Mason.
Secy. Board of Transportation.
LKTTfcR TO TUB GENERAL MANAGER Otf
THK B. & M. RAILROAD COMPANY.
Lincoln, Neb. Sept. 2, 1887.
Mr. G. W. Holdrege, General Manager B.
f .V. in Xebraska:
Dear SiH:-Cousiderable delay was
caused in answering that part of your
communication to tho Board of Trans
portation of the 0th of Aug. inwhich
you say that " careful examination of
the tariffs of the lines west of St. Paul
will convince you that Minnesota pays
higher rates thau Nebraska." by the
difficulty of securing tho tariffs from
the Chicago and Northwestern into
Minnesota and Dakota Territory; but I
have at this la'e day succeeded in obtain
lugthew tariffs as well as the l.tkot 4 lo
cal distance tariffs. This latter tariff Is
the same as that of Minnesota, and
very much lower than that of Nebraska,
and 1 hereby trunMiiit to you, and sub
mit for jour consideration, a tabulated
statement of rates to point In Dakota
territory aud Minnesota west from St.
Paul, from Chicago to thoe p jiut
named in the table, and the rate of tar
iff to points In Nebraska equally dUtant
from 4 'hint go with those named la Da
kota Territory and Minnesota, and
find the Nebraska rate uniformly
higher,
a
You will not fail to observe that Mln
neota and Dakota Territory pay le
f fright per mile than U paid JvV
brak. i. The ooly product of Impor
tance shipped to Chicago front point
wt of M, Paul lu M.ttupoU and Da
kola l wheat, and the rata charged up
on ht from point wet of St. I'auI
in Miaaota and Dikot t from Ij
b per c nt lua than talr vlarr'd ud
paid la Nlr-ik.t for a like dinUue.
lh rtr quo"!'' tWolO.lefcrrcwlth
ktibmittrd eov rrvry tarb'ly of ftfclght,
'l i !.( and klud of m rehaitdw,
all artU W ud laorfornivnufacttulug
pvtrptt, agricultural implerrrta,
wagta and 'uuiri of vvrry kind,
hwte hold ool, futultur, salt, iue,
ttruut, ciHtl d ftllploductfoiumc4