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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 28, 1891)
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
HEN HOUSES MAY BE CHEAP
YET GOOD ENOUGH.
A Woman' Opinion, on the 8abjwt.V
Good Recipe for Whitewash No,
ions PUata and How to Kill
Them Home Matter.
Cheap Hen Honses.
Costly hen-hiH'- ere vory nice, I
suppose, and i? !w.ed when jour
pocket will admit of it, writes a prac
tical w jcian in the Rural Home, but
my object is to show how somo farm
er's wife liko myself, can keep a small
flock of hens with profit, and very small
outlay outside the resources found on
My hen-house is just one-half of the
building erected for a pig-pen; it is par
titioned off and boarded up separate
from the part occupied by the hogs; it
is small and I never try to keep a large
flock. It is filled between the studs
with sawdust, and covered overhead
with the same. It has one south and
.one east window, both small, having
each six lights of seven by nine glass.
All the "fixings" inside is an old pan
formerly used to boil maple sap: it is
about six feet by three, and is filled
with road dust, wood ashes, and a
small admixture of slacked lime, and is
of great value as a dust box. Besides
this there are three or four common
"store" boxes nailed on the walls for
nests, (we never need traps to catch
the eggs , and keep the hens from eat
ing them) and some three by four
scantling for roosts.
Contrary to all established rules, this
hen-house is never cleaned more than
once during the winter, sometimes not
even once. Every few days they are
given a light scattering of straw or
chaff, and when this begins to get damp
or dirty, more is thrown on the top.
Their feed is thrown into this, making
it necessary for them to scratch for
their living, which is the first and most
important requisite of success. Their
nests are filled with cedar boughs in
stead of straw, and we have found this
is a sure exterminator of lice. We give
them as much of a variety of feed as
possible, sometimes bran, shorts or
meal, wet with warm water, or better
still, with the liquid meat has been
boiled in, if pot very salt; sometimes
corn, barley or dlits.
All the egg shells used during the
summer, when the hens have free run,
are saved and fed in winter, with a
marked influence on egg production;
but better yet is the saving of all liv
ers, hearts, and refuse scraps of meat,
which our neighbors feed to their dogs,
for the hens. A little mess of this
once or twice a week will make them
lay bravely, and never think of eating
an egg. Warm water is better than
cold, and warm milk either sweet or
sour, better than either. A feed once
or twice a week of chopped cabbage
leaves, (the loose outside ones, that are
never cooked) onion tops, apples,
broken or burned bones, etc., help
greatly and costs nothing but a little
work. When I cannot get gravel
handily, I feed finely pounded crockery
and find it answers every purpose.
With such treatment our hens lay
splendidly, with the mercury many de
grees below zero, for this is a cold
winter even for Canada.
A Recipe for Whitewash.
A recipe for whitewash, suitable for
out-buildings on a farm, something
that will not rub off and not injure
trees, can be tinted: For one barrel
of color wash use half a bushel white
lime, three pecks hydraulic cement,
ten pounds umber, ten pounds ochre,
one pound Venetian red, one-quarter
pound lamp black. Slake the lime,
cut the lamp black with vinegar and
mix well together; then add the ce
ment and fill the barrel with water.
Let it stand twelve hours before using,
and stir it frequently while putting it
numua In the Soil.
Almost all farmers know the value
of humus or vegetable mold in the
soil. Often, they hold exaggerated
ls of its importance. It is not of
itself necessarily an evidence of great
fertility, because it may lack, and in
some localities generally doe3 lack, the
needed mineral elements for making
crops of grain and grass. But where
humus is abundant, the complete fer
tility that is waited may be easily
Aitnnhnrl Kir tVtst ...-.a ' nf . K m-nAn1
mineral fertilizer, potash or phosphate,
one or both.
Wild Plants. ,
carrot is another bad weed J
which unless treated rightlv, becomAj
a permanent nuisance. This is a bien.
nial plant and seeds the second year.
Wild mustard is a similar plant, and
for all such weeds the best way is
cutting them, if in grass land, before
the flower appears and again later
when new flowers will appear, 60 as to
prevent seeding, will entirely rid the
land of those and other similar weeds
in two years. To cut, or otherwise
prevent the seeding of annual weeds,
will get rid of them in ono year, ex
cepting such as will hereafter grow
from other seeds in the soil that may bo
turned up by the plow.
Growing New Varieties of Corn.
The false oars of corn that sometimes
appear on the ends of the stalks among
the tassels possess individual pecul
iarities of their own. If planted, they
will produco new varieties, while the
grain grows regularly on the stalk
follows, unless it has been crossed by
some other variety, the parent seed.
When the corn crop is a good one,
these tassel ears should be planted, as
they will produce better sorte. . Whon
it is a poor one the seedling will be
Pay What Labor is Worth.
The complaint that the smartest and
most active young men prefer work in
cities is largely the fault of farmers. If
they pay so much a month, with per
haps $2 or 3 variation to good, bad or
THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NEB., SATURDAY, FEB. 28, 1891.
indifferent, is it any wonder they jjet
little good help. In the city, energy.
activity and intelligence generally com
mand nearly what they are worth.
They are just as essential on the farm
as anywhere. t
One of the practices among farmers
is changing eggs with each other in or
der to avoid in-breedinir. In the first
place, the eggs themselves are a risk.
as no one can leu wnat tney may pro
duce, perhaps no two chicks from them
being alike and no breeding of value in
the stock. In the next place, the
cnangmg 01 eggs mates tne flocks in a
community all of ono blood, so . that
nothing can be gained by the practice
aixer it nas Deen persisted in lor a
while. Get pure-bred males from some
source, or eggs from some breeder of
pure breeds. If you must cross, do it
correctly. Do not waste time in the
attempt to better your flock by chang
ing eggs for some nondescript stock
that has no merit nor possesses any ad
vantage. To improve a flock, one
should know the kind of stock he is us
ing, and what can be expected from it
The changing of eggs is a practice usu
ally pursued by those who do not know
the value of the breeds, and such per
sons should not be encouraged.
The broad-tired wagons of forty
years ago are coming into fashion
again, rhey save roads greatly, and
in some places there is a rebate on the
toll a very proper thing where they
are used. About the only draw-back
to them is that on slippery mud roads,
such as occur after a light shower,
they slide around too much when the
surface is not level. On fields and
meadows they are much to be preferr
ed to the common narrow tires, which
cut up the soil.
Illiterate Farmers. '
There are few illiterate fanners who
succeed, but when one such does, it
will be found that he is chock full of
mother wit, alias common sense, alias
science; and such men are successful
because they can't help it. It is quito
edifying to watch sharp-eyod farmer,
who can neither read nor write, jog
ging along through life gathering up
dollars at every turn.
Be sure and keep your finger nails
Never wet your fingers while milk
ing, especially with milk.
Sell your kicking cow to the butcher;
she has no value in the dairy.
Neverdrive a cow nor a fattening
steer faster than a slow walk.
You have no use for a dog on a dairy
farm, except it be a well trained collie.
A cattle chain or a strap with a snap
is a better tie than the old-fashioned
A warm and comfortable stable will
save feed, and straw or dry leaves are
softer than oak plank.
In cold weather take the chill from
the water you use in messing cows;
they will like it better.
Remembr that a cow is like a closet
or cupboard; you can take nothing out
unless you put something in. ,
Handle your heifers every day and
make them gentle; it will save much
trouble when they become fresh.
If your cow is in heat, present the
male as soon as possible, and separate
her for that day from the heard.
Give your cows a tablespoonful of
salt once a day in their mess of mill
feed; it will keep them in good health.
If you want the best results from
your cows feed them all they can as
similate and digest, but remember it
takes close watching to reach that
Have" all your milking apparatus
scrupulously clean; milk being a fatty
substance you may need pure soap in
the cleaning; use scalding hot water
A milker who can use only one hand
at a time, or who will milk with thumb
and finger, never should be entrusted
with a cow either in a large dairy or in
a private stable.
Use turpentine and machine oil to
polish your sowing machine, and rub
Use flannel to wash the children with
in winter, and they will be good-natured
Whon suffering from overstrained
and tired eyes, bathe them in hot water
several times a dav.
- It is never safe to remove wool stock
ings from an infant till it has passed its
"second summer," or cut its canine
Bent whalebones may bo restored to
shape by soaking them in warm water
a few hours, or by warming over a lamp
Hands may be kept smooth in cold
weather by avoiding the use of warm
water. Wash them with cold water
Cold water may bo drank freely in
all fevers, except when the fever is
connected with lung troubles, and in
such cases it might chill the patient.
It is wonderful how often a case of
stomachic trouble will yield when tho
feet are covered with wool hose and a
woolen bandago worn over the abdo
men. To strengthen the hair, dissolve an
ounce oZ borax and one ounce of cam
phor in two quarts of water. Wash
the, hair with this twice a week, clip
ping the ends occasionally.
Keep the back, especially between
tho shoulder blades, well covered; also
the chest well protected. In sleeping
in a cold room establish the habit of
breathing through the nose, and never
with the mouth open.
One who writes as with authority
upon improving the complexion, re
commends bathing tho face at night
with water as hot as it can be borne,
followed by a quick dash of cold water
and drying with a soft towel. If the
water is hard it can be softened with
a few drops of ammonia or a little
Tho Frofeaaleaal Was Llahtalas;, bat tho
Boys Bseaaed to Have Tak.a a Uaad.
Helens, in '83. was a rough mining
town. The Northern Pacific Railroad
had just been built into the place and
civilization bad not yet had time to
diive the rowdy element into the sav
age haunts of isolated mining districts.
It was in those days tho people lirst
spoke the name of that city with a no
ticeable accent on the first syllable.
Habit became second nature and the
custom still endures.
I remember walking along a busi
ness thoroughfare in the evening with
the sounds of boisterous voices, clink
ing glasses and repulsive oaths on
every hand. I entered a gambling
den, its broad doors were wide oucu
and the great electric arc light invited
ine to a study of the crowded room.
Noise, noise, noise; rattliog chips; a
snip, snip, snip as the imperturbable
faro dealer dealt his cards; laughter,
sallies of wit. shrill profanity and now
or then a sigh or a groan. If he has
the moral courage to fsce a scene like
this, the student of human nature can
read more character over a green cloth
in half an hour than in any other place
in a week.
I watched a game of draw-poker.
Till the day of my death, I will never
forgot it. The players were three iu
number. At the right hand side sat a
man whose tout ensemble bespoke tho
villain. Ho wore a black slouched
hat which was drawn low down over
his eyes, with the brim beut so as to
shade them from the gazo of the other
two. Not a movement, not tho turn
of a card escaped him. At every stage
of the game he had figured his exact
chances; he knew precisely what to do
at any given time. He played for
gain. He was constantly on the look
out for treachery. He was sileut. He
had the devil in his heart. He was a
gambler by profession. At his right
was a young man with a face flushed
with liquor. His countenance reflected
his feelings. His eyes were mirrors,
and in them the gambler at his left
saw every hand he playr-d. The youth
talked much, boasted occasionally
and. sneered often. Nevertheless, he
lost and lost heavily.
lho remaining player was a middlo
ged mau, swarthy of feature and
rough of dress. He wore a flannel
shirt and held his cards with two great,
rough hands that knew toil with a pick
and shovel, lie played recklessly and,
like all reckless players, his luck was
wonderful. He watched only his own
hand; he smiled good naturedly at the
voluble and liquor-heated youth, for
he was winning and a winner gener
ally smiles. The gambler and the
vouth lost steadily to the miner, the
brst because his cards were poor, the
latter because his face was an index of
his cards, good or bad, an index which
the miner, though attending strictly to
his own play, could not help noticing.
When superior skill is united with a
villainous nature, fraud will result if
skill and naturo come under the ban
of fortune. So, after a time, the (.am
bler captured pile after pile of varie
gated chips, but ahvars on his own
deal. When his companion dealt ha
rarely played. The miner grew sus
picious and cast furtive glances at the"
man in the slouched hat. The youth
bragged, bullied and cursed, but the
other two paid no attention to his
At last there was a "jack-pot." Tho
youth dealt and every one passed.
The miner dealt with a like result; but
when the gambler dealt, he "opened."
To do this he was obliged to have a
pair of jacks or better. The miner
had watched him deal much as a cat
watches a mouse. I saw in the miner's
eyes a gleam so determined, so reck
less, that I involuutarily started. Ha
plavea calmly. Cards were drawn
and bets made. The miner wagered
his last chip. The youth, with a howl
of wrath, throw down his cards, and
the gambler drew out of his pocket
some shining gold pieces. He placed
them on the pile of chips. The miner
took a large, uglv-looking six-shooter
from his pocket and put it on the table,
then he laid down an equal amount of
gold and demanded to see his oppo
Three kings and two aces!
"A full house." said the gambler
calmly. He reached out his hand to
take the money.
".No vou don t, ' cried the miner:
"see this hand!"
He laid his live cards face upward
before the players. He had not even
s pair. The gambler smiled contempt
uously and made auother moveuicut to
take the inonev.
Wait! You've seen that hand, now
look at this oc"
His revolver was pointed full at tho
gambler's breast and his eye gleamed
along tho barrel. Tho gambler never
winced. Ho waited in apparent con
sternation for a second.
"Boys," said the miner appealing to
the bystauders. "he took them kings
from "tho bottom of the jmck. an' he
slipped tho cut before dealin'
Quick as a flash tho gambler had
drawn a wcapou and shot his oppo
nent. Killing him on the spot.
1 was, dazed and can remember
nothing more, but, as I left tho hall
amid tho confusion that followed, I
recall these words, spoken by some
oue close beside me.
"Joe Henderson. Good 'null fel
ler, but I alius 'lowed he'd die with
his boots on. Can't stick to gamblin'
an' live, nohow!" William Wallace
Cook, in Detroit Free Press.
Had His Nose Pulled.
Tho only official from the white
house who ever had his uose pulled in
the capitol was a sou of President
Adams. The incident is narrated in
the Washington Telegraph, a news
paper which was published at the tima
and advocated the election of Gen.
Jackson. It seems that voung John
Adams was a rather imperious, self-
conceited sort of fellow, possessed,
nowever. or a great deal more than
ordinary ability; and that he insulted
a man named Jams at one of the
white house receptions. Jar vis sent a
note challenging the voung man. but
he declined to pay any attention to it.
About a month later, when John
Adams went to tho capitol to deliver
messages from the president to each
house f congress, after having deliv
ered that which was addressed to the
speaker of tho house, as he was going
through the rotuuda to the senate he
was overtaken by Mr. Jarvis. who
pulled his nose and shipped his face.
Although President Adams notified
congress of the iusult which was
offered to his special messenger, noth
ing ever camo of it.
EVEN WITH THE BAGG FAMILY.
6h Knew Their Reeerd and Didn't Hl
tata to Tall It.
"Now. madam." said tho attorney
for the defendant to a little, wiry, black
eyed, fidgety woman who had been
summoned as a witness in a breach of
the peace case, "you will please give
your testimony in as few words as
possible. You know the defendant?"
"The defcudant Mr. Joshua Bagg?"
"Josh Bagg! I guess I do know
him, and I knowod his daddy afore
him, and I don't know uothiug to the
credit of either of 'em aud I' dou't
"We don't want to know what you
think, madam. Please say 'yes' or 'no'
to niT question."
'Do you know Mr. Joshua Bagg?"
"Don't I know Mm, though? Well.
I should smile! You ask Josh Bagg if
he knows me. Ask him if he knows
anything 'bout tryin', to cheat a pore
wiildcr lika me out of a two-year old
steer. Ask him if "
"Madam. I "
"Ask him whoso land ho got his cord
wood off of last spring, and why he
hauled it in the night Ask his "wife,
Betsey Bagg, if she knows anything
about slippiii' iu a neighbor's paster
lot and milking three cows on tho sly.
"See here, madam " .
"Ask Josh Bagg about that uncle of
his that died in a penitentiary out
West. Ask him about lettin' his pore
ole mother die in the pore house. Ask
Betsey Bagg about puttiug a big brick
into a lot of butter she sold last fall "
"Madam. I tell you "
"See if Josh Bagg knows anything
about feeding ten head of cattle all the
salt they would eat, and then letting
them swill down all the water they
could hold just 'fore ho driv them into
town, and sold 'em. Seo what bo's got
to sny to that!"
"That has nothing to do with tho caso.
1 want you to "
"Then there was old Ar.i aol Bagg,
own uncle to Josh, got rid of his native
town on a rail 'tween two davs, and
Betsey Bagg's own brother got fetched
in a neighbor's hen-house at midnight.
"Madam, what do you know about
"I don't know the first livln' thing
'bout it, but I'll bet Josh Bagg is guilty,
whatever it is. The fact is, I've owed
them Baggses a grudge for tho last
fifteen years and I got myself called
up as a witness on purpose "to git even
with 'em, and I feel that I've dona it
Good-by." Ddroit Free tress.
Queer Lascar Sailors.
The British'stcamship Mameluke, at
SpreckolV refinery wharf, has a crew
of sixty East Indian coolies, commonly
called Lascars. The officers of the
vessel speak very highly of them, and
say they would rather sail with them
than With a white crew. They are
docile, obedient aud trustworthy, in
this respect differing from the Malays,
who are extremely treacherous.
Some of their peculiar customs are
very amusiug to Americans. For in
stance, they always eat their food in
tho open air, with their faces toward
the west, and tho greatest insult a
white man or "Geaonr" can offer them
is to walk between them and he sun
while they are eating, causing his
shadow tofall on their food, which im
mediately becomes unclean.
Their appearance is rendered pecu
liar by their habit of shaving their
heads, leaving but one tuft at the side
for "the Prophet" to drag them into
Paradise by. When married they
wear a ring on their big toe. They
stand the cold remarkably well, and
make good sailors, being as active ns
monkeys. Ia running aloft they ig
nore tho ratlins and use the backstays,
a perpendicular wire rope, which they
literally walk up. Philadelphia Record.
9 i ,
A Man Finds His Exact Worth.
A traveler in Morocco tells in "Tho
Laud of an African Sultan" the follow
ing story: "The Sultan not long ago
discovered that one of his viziers was
becoming too powerful. He thorefore
summoned him to tea and compli
mented him on his great wealth. Tho
vizier, becoming vain, boasted of the
number of his houses, horses, wives
and slaves, and the Sultan rebuked
him, saying that ho was too rich and
thought too much of himself. To
show tho man exactly what he was
worth, His Majesty had him taken by
soldiers to tho slave market, where he
was put up for sole, aud received only
one bid of eightpence. He was then
taken back to the Sultan, who said to
him: 'Now you know your proper
value eightpence. Go home and
ponder over it.' When the man reach
ed home, however, he found that
nearly all his property had been taken
away by order of the Sultan. Only
ono small residence, one wife, one
horse and oue slave had been left
To Keep Flowers from Flagging.
One way of preventing dolicato and
sweet-scented flowers from flagging is
to cut them with several leaves on the
stem, and when the flowcr-head is
placed in water to allow only this head
to remain above the 'rater," while the
leaves are entirely submerged; by this
means the leaves seem to help support
tho flower, which uill then last for
three days in a fairly cool room.
"..." The Hiccough.
It is uu old remedy for the hiccough
to hold one's breath, and if that fails
then to gargle with a little water, nod
if the hiccough still continues to tickle
the nosu to the point of soeczittg once
or twice, then the hiccough is ure to
America has 1.000,000 telephones;
the world l,200,gi0.
HIGHLAND STOCK FARM
Maryvillo Nodaway Oo. Mo ;.
We her n horse of the above broad whisk
at po aioeiied. A certiDoat or restaur
Want a GOOD CStrtTL STALLION, WORtS
ASKABLI r-ria and w will surprtM rou wHh
BARN AT WABASH PASSENGER DEPOT. WhMwmar . this
WILLIAM ERNST. GRAF, JOHNSON COUNTY, NEBRASKA.
U1POBTIB ACT) BRKIDKR 0 H-ta
Percneron and French Coach Horecv
I hsra the larrest and best lot of ParobsTon. Itallloni of li iluabte
ar et of ttie Mississippi. 1 bar over twenty tested and aoelimatM
stallions, which, together with my this year' Importation, -ska OM
of tba nnest oolleotloos of horse erer seen at on man's barns. I have
also a fine lot of youn imported sod home-bred mare and a f
obolo Krenoh Coach Stallion. All my horse ar reoorded la the
American and Freuota Btud Book andoertlSuatM fumiakarf t lI I
t me un uiuoa in exisionce in my aiua
you netter none tor less money man any omer importer or Breeder, I will pay your erae
e of oomlnv to say plaoe, and you shall be the Judge. My farm, known a th Woif UroM
Btook Kann, 1 located on tb 0. B. - Q. By., between Teeumseb and Nebraska City wltala
hi 'luumu di s ouw bi nuuvMi iuiuud win
The largest herd and
iet or west. I have
forltwi, Bumbo 1WI0;
I f , m
WITH THE GROWER AND
Save Micldle Profits!
BSTABUIHKD IIT ItTt.
$00 ACRES CHOICE TREES AND PLANTS
Suited to Ncbruka, Ready to eeU. i
Stock True to Namo. Sttlsftotion GuirtntssS i
PACKED TO CARRY 8AFELT. 1
lam ttook of forest seed linn at Low Bates and twyoMlMe yarttst ea -Mt
Crrpe4 a ono bofor rush of delivery. Boat far OMaiegw.
MaUoa abmbm' Au-oa warn wittta
Address CRETE NURSERIES, or E. T. STEPHENS, CRETE, KZ3.
834 P Qt, ITortH of. O.
Centrally located and newly furnished throughout Table flrtt-oUit.
LAEGB A ND
Term, $1-25 tc $1.50 Per day.
J. .W HARTLEY, State Agent.
1 he finest ground floor Pnctograph Gallery in the State. All Work in the
finest finish. Satisfaction Guaranteed. 2263 nth street,
iotf. T. W. TOWNSEND, Proprietor.
The Latest Improved and Best End-gate Seeder
P. B. EH & Co. Proprtv
Importers aad BwiIm f
SHIRE, PERCHERON, CLYDESDALE AC?
COACH HORSES. '
lor horses, lea dm. lew I nisi
rata Brloaa. Ho other flna la Is. Ill
aem to meg ooasysoi aaaer cm mm fx
M tern that we do. whloh Insures to eoaa.
Square deallaj'aueoeeaful breeders aa
lutesuooeaa. Wohava tpr la m9
atablea the wtnaere ef 107 prlaaa ia
rope end Artoi
Kansas State fair ana Atchison Axrloaltaral
Fair was twenty-two pi aa, fourteen susW
prlseaaod six sweepstakes,
tar" Write for Illustrated eataloana.
Our record last
at Maannrl fttata Kate.
ARK AJTD 8T Two tsilM
Blfhland Park TOPBKA, XAS.
English Shire, Percberonand Frencii
for fM iadtvMaelS and lohato trseCtw C
tr oooapaaia aaoh horse. D f4
Moaar, aoaie to our hare with tM mm ft
our mob aoasas uw rauaa.
ana sen norses oa easy lertns Itlgon tC
unu. rile lor oaiatof ue or come see tee.
OF POLAND CHINA SWINE,
the Iowa First Prize male 1890.
the lara-eat individual owned by oao asaa
pig- of all sires and either sex for sale, from
the farmer's boor to tne most valuable now animal, ana oi au mm
rnmlllps known to Poland China hon. The following nialaa In uaa
Doctor 6811? Orient 12167; Young Jamb
liXHfT ana Junino jr., vol. vt a. y. v. tv.
Inspection Invited. Free livery to drive to farm on applloaUoa to
O. W. Baldwin, liveryman. Catalogue and price on applloaUoa.
6mS8 T.J HAKH18, Wet Liberty. Iowa.
JAMES McHAFFIE, Prcpr
LAWRENCE fflPLEMT CO,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Sttj
Best in the
, Fa r m o r
;For Sale by-
We can make you
special prices on a
limited number of
Send in your order
J. W. HARTLEY,
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