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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1891)
THE FAItMEHS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, NEH., SATURDAY. JAN. 3, 1801.
irr:oatiok, drouth and hot
In the sumnwr of 10 the western
half of Kansas suffered a great misfor
tune in nearly the total low of its corn
crop from hot winds. The editor of
this paper made an extended tour
throush that region in that fall, and
made an exhaustive study of the whole
subject. We cave the results of that
study in an editorial in this paper of
the date of Oct. 5, -less. - inai arucie
attracted little or no attention. During
the past summer Nebraska suffered a
much greater and more general calami
ty than did Kansas the year before. The
subject is now attracting general atten
tion, and tho facts and inferences we
published more tha a year ago are be
ing recognized as correct by many ob
servers. We again appeal to the press
of all the northwest to give this subject
the attention deserve, and we appeal
to the fanners all over the northwest to
apply the remedy we propose.
from tLe FahMkrs' Aiaukce, Oct 5, 1889.
The Senate Committee's tour ia tho
west to investigate the situation of the
country relative to water supply, and
the feasibility of applying a system of
irrigation, has attracted considerable
attention. It has also brought to the
nrfnoA on nH scheme for constructing
tV, V HIM wv
mountain reservoirs for storing the
waters of the spring and autumn, and
using them for irrigating purposes dur
ing the summer. Considering the
enormous expense , involved in this
scheme, and that at best it would be of
comparatively limited application, it
muse oe aisiuisseu w f"-1"!
impracticable. Enormous areas are to
be considered in . this matter The
western half of the states of Kansas
and Nebraska, all of Colorado, most of
the Dakotas, and much of Montana are
often, very often, subject to severe
drouths, with accompanying hot winds.
If every canyon in the Rocky mountains
was transformed into a ' reservoir, a
thousand millions of dollars would not
suffice to divert the revivifying waters
to the regions where it is most needed.
The Almighty has furnished the only
agency by which this can be done, and
Major Powell cannot successfully set
up as His rival.
The existing necessity seems to be
for some ameliorating influence upon
our general climatio condition, causing
more humidity to be takea up by evap
oration over large areas, thus temper-
ing heat and causing a more general
distribution of rain. Unless these nat
ural agencies can be brought into play
any general relief from the devastations
of drouth cannot bo had.
l Deueve mere is a re meuy wiuuu uui
reach, if united efforts are made to
reach it. I do not believe that there are
, largo areas of fertile soil, where grass
grows and water is found not far be-
lnur tho BiirfnpA that cannot , bv man 8
ingenuity and enterprise be made fit for
habitation. . '
It is generally supposed that the hot
winds, which are the most destructive
feature of our drouths, come from some
remote point further south where the
heat may be still greater. I his is tne
great mistake in relation to hot winds,
t ana inis is tne minatory poms 01 a
remedy for the whole trouble. The
. ..,. i I t ... , . M
fact is, that the hot winds originate
EXACTLY WHERE THEY ARE BELT
Large areas of land ia the regions desti
tute of large lakes become superheated
by long exposure to the direct rays of
the sun at a temperature of 100 and
upward, and the still air resting upon
this ground becomes also superheated.
A gentle south wind now springs up.
This superheated air rises, and by tke
vacuum thus created the wind is in
creased in velocity, and we have the si
moon or hot Wind of the west. Its con
tinuance depends upon the dryness and
duration and extent of the preceding
heat. But it will not extend or do any
damage much beyond the area where
the ground was so superheated. Hot
winds can only be felt when the wind is
from the south or southwest. Wind
Trom any other quarter at once cools the
superheated air, Hot winds prevailed
in Dakota this summer, but did not pre-
V till 1U 4.1 Wl AO!.. At fcllVjT 11 UUI
remote points why should not we in
Nebraska have felt those winds before
they reached our Dakota friends? The
answer is, that the conditions I have de
scribed as causing the hot winds existed
in Dakota and did not exist in Nebraska.
We have known the hot wind to bo felt
for a few hours with a southeast wind.
But the southeast wind being cool and
moist, soon overcomes the influence of
the heated air. In the south and south
west wind the air continually rises, but
the heated condition of the earth sup
plies its place with more heated air, but
in a somewhat less degree, the mere
motion of the atmosphere tending to
coolness. This process goes on until a
uniform temperature " is established,
either by gradual process or a storm.
Long continued absence of dew is a
condition precedent of hot winds. With
a certain degree of humidity in the at
mosphere, nightly falling in refreshing
dews, tho earth, even where it was quite
bare of vegetation, could not become so
intensely heated as to heat the air to the
extent I have named Hence hot winds
under such cenditions would be impos
sible. - ' ' i"- " ; ; l
From the above facts we iufor that
hot winds could not exist in a region
where there was a considerable propor
tion of water- evenly distributed, from
which there could be enough evapora
tion to produce th necrssary humidity
to prevent the nuperheatingof the earth's
surface. The great question now K can
this condition be artificially produced
over large areas, at a cost within the
means of tho people? We think it can.
Over nearly all of western Nebraska and
Kansas, and eastern Colorado, and in
nearly all of Dskota, the surface is gen
tly rolling, with many draws, which as
we go westward become canons.
There Is comparatively little country
that is so level that artificial ponds of
from one to ten acres might not be
made on nearly every quarter section.
The labor of constructing these ponds
is very little. It is done with plow and
scraper, and is entirely unskilled labor.
Now suppose there should be a uniform
movement , through all the regions I
have named to construct these artificial
ponds on every farm before tho ground
freezes this fall. The fall and spring
rains would fill them with water, ready
for evaporation during the next uin-
nter. This evaporation would - take"
place,. and the moisture thus raised
jquM be redeposited in showers or
dews gome where In the great region
brought within the influence of this
system. An interchange of such
showers and dews would go forward,
and drouth iu all the great area named
would be impossible. Then indeed the
benefits portrayed by some enthusiastic
editors to result from Major Powell's
mountain reservoirs would be realized.
"An addition of 100,000,000 acres of
rich but now arid laud would be made
to the tillable area of the west."
This movement, to be valuable, must
be general. Over one county it might
have no appreciable effect. ' Over half
a state it could not fail of beneficial re
sults. We sincerely believe, if this
plan could be put In force over the
western half of the state of Kansas, it
would add $5 per acre to the value of
every acre of land in that half of the
state. And so of Nebraska, Colorado,
Dakota and Montana. .
In behalf of all the people in behalf
of increased production in behalf of,
those struggling farmers who have
been so frequently burned out by hot
winds and drouth we ask the press
of the west and northwest to take up
this subject, and secure a concerted
movement to put this plan in force.
This irrigating business, the investi
gation of the nature and causes of hot
winds, and the means to prevent them,
should be under the direction of the
secretary of agriculture instead of a
junketing senate committee, and the
secretary should give the whole subject
persistent and exhaustive attention un
til some result is reached.
The plan we propose requires no ap
propriation from congress only a con-
certed movement of the people them
selves for their own benefit.
THE CONGER LARD BILL AND THE
PADDOCK PURE FOOD BILL.
' The Nebraska state allianse that recently
adjourned, reioluted, under the direction of
Burrows, against the Paddock pure food bill
and In favor of the Conger lard bill. This was
a piece of petty personal spite on the part of
Burrows, who wants to succeed Paddock. The
national alliance declared the other war, and
favared.tbe Paddock bill, and the petitions for
that bill by the farmers from all parts of the
country are constantly rolling in.
The Conger lard bill is a partial measure
guarding against adulterations ef lard only,
while the Paddock pure food bill gives the
same protection to ail articles of food so as to
protect the manufacturers of pure articles
and the table of the consumer against any
sort of adulteration. It embraces with regard
to lard adulteration all the ground covered
by the Conger bill. It was childish in the ex
treiue for the Nebraska alliance to condomn
this bill because it was Paddock's Lincoln
As usual, the B. &M. Journal is incor
rect in its facts and wrong in its conclu
sions. The State Alliance did not reso
lute against the Paddock pure food bill.
The resolution alluded to, as officially
reported by tho secretary, is as follows:
"That we endorse the (Jonger lard bill and
demand its speedy passage by the U. a. Sen
ate.". . . ,
The Journal, with its fulness of wind
and paucity of information, probably
knows little or nothing about the relative
merits of the bills it alludes to. At any
rate it gives its readers no reliable infor
mation on the subject. While both aim
ing to reach desirable ends, the Conger
lard bill is practical, while the Paddock
pure food bill is not practical. The lat
ter proposes to prohibit the sale of adul
terated products under the power of
congress to regulate commerce between
the states. The proposition is self
refuting, and is a confession at the start
of lack of jurisdiction. Congress has no
power over the sale of adulterated pro
ducts in the states. " So a law that merely
prohibits interstate trallic in adulterated
lood would have no force unless supple
mented by uniform legislation uniformly
executed by all the states of the Union,
which is manifestly impracticable at
least, for years to come. " The Conger
lard bill takes one leading product and
provides that any compounds in Imita
tion of that product shall be branded on
each package and shall pay a small in
ternal reveuue tax, and places the en
forcement of the law in the hands of the
internal revenue department. This is
simple, practical, and effective. People
do not willingly violate our internal
revenue laws, as the penalty is the same
as for counterfeiting United States
money. Under this plan no question of
jurisdiction can be raised, but the law
would reach the compound product in
every part of the United States without
supplementary legislation by the states.
The Paddock pure food bill, striking at
once at all adulteration, propones to ac
complish an impossibility by impract!
The lard market is being flooded with
compounds made to resemble lard
which contain in some cases no lard
whatever, and In others only a small per
centage of lard. These compounds
reach the consumer as lard, their sale
being in every instance a deception and
a fraud. These fraudulent compounds
have subjected the genuine product to
such destructive competition that
whereas lard formerly sold at from one
to three cents over side meat, it now
sells for less than side meat. The loss
to hog growers resulting from the fraud
has been from thirty-two cents per head
in the earlier stages of the fraudulent
production, to eighty cents per head in
the later stages. The aggregate loss on
the entire ho; crop amounts to from
113,000,000 to (15.000,000 per annum,
and is the result of a deliberate and sys
tematic cheat upon both producer and
consumer, and the interests of both de
mand efficient statutory prohibition of
The Conger bill, by imposing a small
tax on each package of " lard compound"
barely sufficient to pay the expenses of
carrying out the law, at once furnishes
an efficient remedy which executes
itself the whole country over, by provid
ing a stamp or brand that reveals the
true character of the article to every
purchaser, enabling him to buy it for
what it really is, instead of having it im
posed upon him for what it is not.
. It is a notable fact in connection with
these bills, that Phil Armour and the
other producers of lard compound are
deadly hostile to the Conger lard bill,
but not only make no opposition but are
friendly to the Paddock pure food bill.
This is a well established fact and Mr.
Paddock and the Stale Journal may
make the most of it.
If the Journal is posted on this subject
it carefully conceals that fact from its
readers. But we wish it to distinctly
understand that when the State Alliance
adopted that resolution on the subject it
understood the question fully and knew
exactly what it was doing. It fully dis
cussed both measures, and knew their
relative merits apparently much better
than the editor of the B. & M. Journal,
And while it is quite immaterial, we will
just whisper into the long off ear of Mr
Gere that Mr. Burrows took no part in
the debate, and did not in any way in
fluence any delegate to vote for the reso
lotion; and further than that, Mr. Bur
rows isn't now and never expects to be a
candidate for United States Senator.
And we will add that the National Alii
ance has made no declaration on the
Conger lard bill, but will declare in its
favor at its next aunual meeting, Jan
uary 27. ' v'- -' '
tWA Nebraska City paper-an or
gan of Van Wyck makes a lying state'
ment about some occurrence that never
happened in the state meeting, and then
warns the farmers against Burrows and
Pswers. It says:
'It is evident that Jay Burrows has the big-
head and that he has a lew friends standing at
his back pushing his dictatorial measures to
the front contrary to the popular will of the
alliance as was shown in this case."
" The alliapce is a move in the right direc
tion, but Jay Burrows and Powers are not the
proper leaders at the head of the organiza
Of course not. It ought to have Van
Wyck at the head of it. But he never
thought of it till just before the people's
THE CRUELLEST CUT OF ALL.
. Ex-Candidate Richards is out in an
open letter to E. Rosewater. . The daily
Call publishes it under the odorous
head-line "Skinning a Skunk," and says
"it is done in an able, masterly way.''
For the time being its candidate for
governor is the big injun of the republi
can party. He repudiates Rosewater,
the editor of its organ. How are the
mighty fallen! "Alas! poor Yorick!"
Well, Rosey can take it out in abuse of
HON. C D. SHRADER.
We are informed that in our com
ments upon the supposed reported in
terview with Mr. Shrader in the World
Herald, we did Mr. Shrader great injus
tice. Such was not our intention, and
we greatly regret it if we did so. We
said we thought the interview did Mr.
Shrader injustice. We cheerfully give
place this week to a letter of commen
dation from his own county. We have
always believed Mr. Shrader to be a
sound and true man.
CgRosewater bunched about sixty
five republican and democratic country
editors and at one fell swoop mashed
the whole outfit. They are a lousy lot
without shadow of doubt, and they are
proving it and paying Rosewater at the
same time by copying from the Bee
every low-down gag It gets off about
Burrows, and parading it to disgust
their readers. It is a low-down deg
that licks the hand that smites it. -
RESPECTS TO BRO. M. M. HALLECK
Our friend M. M. Halleck of Merrick
county will please accept of sincere
thanks for his kind letter f Dec. 2d,
which was mislaid, and so not answered.
We fully appreciate the kind sentiments
it contains, aud hope to continue to
merit the respect of the writer. Bro.
Halleck is an earnest and ablo worker
in the people's cause, as the readers of
our paper know. We hope to hear
from him often. ..
All kinds of butinet wanted at the
r,w town lhrelock. three miles from
Lincoln, where th great cur bojs are
now building. Allrs. A. N. yeofT.
Lincoln. Neb., for plat and prices.
Terms eay. . s!ltf
11th andPSts., Lincoln, Neb.
Old Headquarters and Alliance Head
uqarters. Cosaltiee rooms glrei free of charge.
Speoial rates to Allianoo delegates.
Oinn m XT A a
3m26 DtQOiU iioau.
Table Best in the City.
THE WINDSOR HOTEL,
THE PADDOCK HOTEL,
Beatrice, - Nebraska,
The best houses in the state at the
TWO DOLLARS PER CAY.
Elegantly furnished. All modern
conveniences, steam heat, etc,, etc.
3ma6 E. K.CRILEY, Proprietor.
JOSEPH, 0PELT, MANAGER,
Cor. 9th and Q Sts.
ten LINCOLN, NEBRASKA.
Cor. 8th & P Sts. Llnooln, Nebraska.
One block from B. a M. depot. Heated
throughout by steam and lighted by eloo
triotty. Elcctrlo call bells, aud all modern
P. W. COPELANU, Proprietor
The Merchants' Hotel.
Rates $2.00 per Day. .
Newly furnished. , Steam heat Id all rooms.
Eleotrlo lights and every convenience for
the comfort of guet. independent com
mittee oooubv room 87 and KB. Special rates
given io convention and legislators. IroL'O
N. W. Cor. Hth & P Sts., Linooln.Ncb.
Transit Hotel, N& 12th Streets.
Peoria House, Q & 9th Sts.
Meals 25 Cts. Lodging-, 25 and 50 Cts.
R.A. HAWLEY, Prop'r. 2Ctf
1121 N Street.
Can servo COO at a single meal.
NEXT 8 EXFOSITION.
EEDS FARM AND GARDEN.
Special arrnnfrraenta for buying seeds
ror iartn ana garaen at
Can be made by Alliances by addressing
DELANO HKO'S. Seedsmen, I.e Park. Meb.
Catalogue free and trial package with it If
this paper Is mentioned. 8m29
T. J. THOBP A Co.,
Rubber Stamps, Seals
Stencils, Badges and
"r Rverr butoriptlon. Established 1880.
8. 11th 8t.. LINCOLN. NKB
We Will AH Sing.
If rou send and get the New Alliance Songster.
It ia a little beauty contain! ngHO pages of
mostly new aonga written this year ea-
Serially for thia book by Alliance people,
lost ef them ate set to old and familiar
tunes, so ali may join In tho musio
and enjoy It heartily. The price is placed at
tbe exceedingly low rate of single copies 10
cent or 13 fori 1.00. Tostag 10 cents extra
perdozen. Address, .
S-tf Alliance Pub. Co., Lincoln, Neb.
J. O. McBREDE,,
REAL ESTATE DEALER
Loans, Insurance and
Office. 107 Soutti lltb St., Basement.
PsT" Farm Loans attended to, and Insur.
anoe written on farm buildings at a low rate.
Anything to trade? IStf.
will be paid to the agent of any scale company who
Will say over hla o wn name as agent, that the Jon as
5 TON WAGON SCALE. $60
is not enaal to any made, and a standard reliable
scale. For particulars, address only -
Jones of BinghamtOB, BinghamtOD, H.Y.
1 GlldlJS 1511
IMPORTANT TO YOU.
Public Sale of Shire Horses
STATE FAIR GROUNDS, LINCOLN, NEBRASKA,
FEBRUARY 10th, 1891.
Twenty Head of English Shire Stallions and
Mares, the Property of J. P. and L. ,
These horses were imported from England last September, and were all
selected by us from the most noted breeders of Shires. They are sound,
first-class specimens of this most famous breed, ranging in ages from eight
months to four years, all with the very best pedigree. Anyone in wan! of a
No. i, typical young Shire should not fail to attend this sale. The Shire
horse sale of the season. Time given, terms easy.
For catalogue and further information, address.
COL. WOODS, J. P. & L. BERRIDGE,
Auctioneer. (620) State Fair Grounds Lincoln, Neb.
BOSTON CLOTHING STORE
For the past ten days is caused by the unprecedented low prices on
' Clothing. There is still undoubtedly some of the greatest bargains in . .
MEN AND BOY'S CLOTHING
- Ever offered to the public in this city and it will pay you to step in
and see what Miltonberger is doing. lie does not want to carry
goods over another season, consequently he offers
Bargains in Every Department.
I 1039 O STREET 1039
H. R lissley k Co,
We carry one of the largest stocks west of the
Missouri River, in
Dry Goods, Garptes, Boots, Shoes and Groceries.
We are prepared to flfur on Urge contracts of anything in our line and ALIIANC1 f IO
PLK will do well to get our prices on Staple and Fanoy goods.
Farm Products sxi hanged for Groceries and Dry Goods, Shoes and Carptts. ;
We have three store rooms and our
Carpet Department extends over all.
You will save money by writing us
for prices and samples etc. (otf)
IF YOU WANT TO BUY
DRY GOODS ID
AT ZO W PSIGES EOR CASH,
WE INVITE YOU TO CALL.
If at any time you are dissatisfied with a pur.
chase made from us, the goods can be returned
and money will be refunded.
MILLER & PAINE,
133 to 139 South llth St, Lincoln, Neb.
CORNER 13TH AND M STS., LINCOLN, NEB,
Three blocks from Capitol building. Lincolnls newest, neatest and
bes. uptown hotel. 80 new rooms just completed, including large committee
rooms, making 125 rooms in all. ( A. L. HOOVER & SO NT, Prop'rs.
STATE AGENTS LIST, JANUARY. 1st, 1891
Anyone haying Clover, Timothy or Flax seed.
for sale please notify the State Agent. mt
White Grained sugar per 100 $6 00
" , ' in barrel lots 5
California Strained Honey per fi 10
Mpale Syrup in gallon cans 75
Corn Syrup in 2 pails 75
Fine Sugar Syrup in kegs 1 40
Sorghum in kegs 1 80
" barrels per gallon 40
J. W. HARTLEY, State
Corner I Oth rnd P Streets.
Very fine California peaches per ft 2(
" " apricots " 20
" prunes " 10 :
California dried grapes also raisins.
Tomatoes beat per can ' ' 9
Coffee etc. at bottom prices.
Flour per 100. 1 50
Buckwheat flour per sack 12 S 45
Corn and oats chop feed per 100 1 25
Agent, Lincoln, Neb.
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