The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, December 20, 1890, Image 2

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av THE
Alliance Publishing Co.,
COR. 11th AND M STS.,
- Editor.
Business Mj'f.
In the besuty of the lillies
Christ was born across the sea,
With a glory in bis bosom
That transfigures you and me.
As He strove to make men holy
.Let us strive to make men free,
Since God is marching on."
Julia Ward Howe.
Laurel crowns cleave to deserts,
An power to him who power exerts.
A ruddy drop of manly blood
The surging Sea outweighs."
MH who cannot reason is a fool,
He who will not reason is a coward,
He who dare not reason is a slave "
v'i'i's..":tvjt':! . .
The Farmers' Alliance,
tubllshd - Weekly by
M Alliance Publishing-Co.
J. BURROWS, Editor. '
J. M. THOMPSON, Bns. Mgr.
Tkb Alliance is the official organ of
th State Allii"ce. It is conaucted
solely in the int. .est of the farmers and
laboring men of the state. It is abso
lutely fearless and untramnn-ied in the
disctxion oi all questions: IT AC
PRICE,, In the above particulars it is
ntfr departure in Nebraska journal
ism. W confidently appeal for support to
all who can appreciate the value of
such a paper.
The bold and aggressive right made
by this paper in the late campaign, re
sulting in giving the farmers' movement
in this State over 70,000 votes against
beth the old parties, has made it the
Its aggressive warfare against corpo
rate and plutocratic rule will be contin
ued, 'Truth and Justice" always being
its motto.
If our ' subscription warrants. The
Alliance will be enlarged to a six
column 8-page paper Jan. 1st, 1891.
With an Alliance membership of
80,000 the subscription list of The Alli
ance has never exceed 12.000. It should
be 7500. With a list near that num
ber v would be able t furnish
The Best Paper in the State.
Will you aid us to make it 50,000?
(ST Alliance officers are requested to
act as agents.
KgF" All yearly subscriptions sent from
this date forward run to Jan. 1st, 1892.
Til Allia mce one year, and Look
ing Backward, postpaid $1.80
Ditto and Labor and Capital by
Ditto and Caesar's Column 1.25
Ditto id Our Republican Mon-
archy by Venier Voldo 1.10
Tho above books for sale at this of
fice, or sent postpaid as follows:
Looking Backward 50 cts.
Caesar's Column 60 cts,
Labor and Capital 20 cts.
Our Republican Monarchy 25 cts
Alliance Pub. Co.. Lincoln. Neb
In the World-Herald of December 11 is
an editorial under the heading of "The
World Herald and the Alliance." In
this article appear letters from Mr. Mc
Keighan and Mr. Kern, thanking thf
editor of the Herald for his support dur
ing the campaign. This is all right.
If these gentlemen feel under obligation
to the World-Herald it may be proper
enough for them to so state. The W.
H. supported Mr. McK ighan ably. It
was its duty to do i . He was endorsed
by the regular convention of its party.
But it also did its best to defeat Kem,
and elect Thompson, and where the for
mer's obligation comes in we fail to see.
But that is none of our business.
The outrage we allude to is in the fol
lowing terms:
"Mk. John H. Powers, candidate
HIS THANKS." , ' ' '
Now the above is a vile falsehood.
We have submitted it to Mr. Powers,
and he pronounced it unqualifiedly
false and a gross outrage. ' Mr. Powers
says he never called at any World-Herald
office at any time or under auy cir
cumstances, and does not know where
its Omaha office is located.
The effort of the democrats to cap
ture the independent movement and
make it an annex of their rotten party
is uaturai euough, ridiculous as it ap
pears. t :V
But what shall be said of an editor
who claims to be respectable who, f5r
the sake of extolling his own paper, will
make such a lying statement as we have
quoted? Pass him around.
dpSince our reporter secured an in
terview with Mr, Rose water the Bee
has given this enterprising paper the
cold shake. We trust there wasn't any
breach of confidence involved in the
interview. ;
Editor Gere, of the B. & M. Railroad
company, in an article under the above
caption, has several very funny para
graphs. He first alludes to the New
York World's iist of 122 m lllonaires,
and o the statement of the New York
Tribune that only twenty of the number
made their money by manufacturing.
The astute lung-eared editor then says:
"There have been more millions accumu
lated to rich men richer by theimporta
tion of foreign goods than b the maculae,
turingof domertie goods. That Is the reason
that more millionaires are fifb ting protection
than are dtfe&diUg it in this country."
Now, this jacknapes ought to know
that the importers are the very men
who make the most money the easiest
by the tariff. 1 hey import goods, place
them in bond and seli them by sample
before a dollar of duty is paid. The
amount of the duty with a profit and
interest upon it is added to the price,
aDd this is paid by the jobber when he
buys , the goods and takes them out of
bond. If the duty is 50 per cent the im
porter has made a profit and interest
for an amount of capital equal to one
half his purchase without the invest
ment of a dollar. The higher the duly
the more eat-y money the importer
makes. Will the long-eared ass who
edits the B. & M. organ tell his readers,
if he has any, about the hordes ot im
porters who besieged the ways and
means committee at the beginning of
the last session to entreat it to lessen
import duties? "
1 But it is in the next paragraph where
Mr. Conn ell's postmaster comes out
strong. Here it is:
"Then there are the railroad stock specu
lators, who make money out of each other on
'change," etc.
"These people, who are of no earthly good
to the community, bt come millionaires six
times where tine manufacturer, who is a pub
lic benefactor because he organizes prod u. -tion
and acds actually to the wealth of the
entire community, makes himtelf a million
aire. The list is a very good object lesson to
the American public."
. Only think of it! "Who make money
out of each other on 'change!" No one
but a railroad editor eouid state that
thing in exactly that way. The idea
that the money the stock speculators
make "out of each other on 'change"
was made by somebody else before it
got "on 'change" never for an instant
penetrated his railroad noddle. It must
have been his aunt's uncle who told
about Shadrack, Mesach and Abednego
making a dollar and a half apiece swap
ping jack-knives while 'they were in the
fiery furnace. That a man with so little
sense can get to be postmaster of a great
city, regent of a university, and editor
of a great morning paper, proves that a
railroad corporation might make a
whistle out of a pig's tail.
Mr. J. Sterling Mortou and his Wall
street confederates claim that no value
can be created by law. Mr. Geo. W. E
Dorsey and other members of congress,
wno see the need ot some iinanciat re
lief, are advocating a bill to'permit t ;e
national banks to issue currency to the
full par value of the bonds deposited,
instead of 90 per cent of that value, as
at present.
Now the question presented is this:
If that bill should pass would any value
be created by law? Let us examine it
Mr. Dorsey, let us suppose, has $100,000
in bonds deposited with the reasurer
and has received $90,000 in currency.
Now the bill passes, and he receives,
without depositing any more bonds,
$10,000 more currency. He loans this
to his neighbors at 10 per cent and it
brings him $1,000 per year. This he ex
pends for whatever he pleases of this
world's goods or pleasures, which as the
world goes represent value-
Now suppose Mr. Dorsey wants to
wind up this bank, what does he do?
Obtain gold and silver and exchange it
for the bank bills over his counter, and
then return the bills to the treasury in
exchange for his bonds? Not at all. He
takes his own national bank bills direct
to the treasury and exchanges them for
his bonds. He directs that such of his
bills as the treasury may receive shall
be held for liquidation until said bills
are all received aad his bonds released
Gold and eilver coin has played no part
in the transaction.
Now is the , money which he has re
ceived value? Nearly every one will
unhesitatingly answer yes. At any rate
it represents and procures value. - How
was it created? Was it mined out of the
earth? No. Was it earned by anybody
except the men who borrow it of Mr.
Dorsey? No. It was simply printed
by the government in accordance with
law, stamped and issued to Mr. Dorsey
in accordance with law, by him signed
as president of the bank in accordance
witn law, ana loaned to nis poorer
neighbors at 10 per cent, in accordance
with law. In other words from its issue
till its return to the treasury it was the
creation, of law, It is a value created by
law. The $15,000,000 which will be is
sued te the national banks in addition
to their present issue, if that bill passes,
will be actually a free gift of that
amount, with which they can extort
from the people an additional $1,500,000
per annum of their hard earnings.
And yet if the government is asked to
issue this $15,000,000 to the people on
land security at 1 per cent, to remain in
circulation as long as the interest is
paid, or until the mortgages are can
celled, these same national bank Dor
seys hold up their hands in holy horror
and cry, "paternal government!" A
Rosewater will return to Ne
braska when the contest inquiry is
ended. He don't object to lying through
the columns of the Bee; but when it
comes to facing the cold truth or per
jury on the witness stand, Bardolph or
Bob Acres are paragons of bravery to
him. This is not the first time he has
run away from a subpoena. He was
neverknown to face, an inquiry he
aian t originate. r .v
State Alliance
A List of the Newly Elected Officers.
The annual meeting of the State Alli
ance convened at Lincoln on the 16th.
There were nearly 900 delegates present,
and they are an exceptionally intelli
gent body of men. :
President Powers delivered his an
nual address Tuesday forenoon, and ap
pointed the various committees. We
give the address in this issue in full.
The following are the names of the
newly elected officers of the State Alli
ance for the ensuing year:
President, Hon. J. H. Powers, of
Hitchcock Co.
Vice President, Hon. H. G. Stewart,
of Sioux Co.
Secretary -Treasurer, J. M.Thompson
of Lancaster Co.
, Lecturer, O. Hull, Lancaster county.
Ass't Lecturer, B. F. Pratt, Merrick
Co.. .
Doorkeeper, D. W. Barr, Clay Co.
Ass't Doorkeeper, G. C. Underhill,
uioe uo. , Xh
Sargeant-at-Arms, J. Billingsley, Bufsv
falo Co.
Executive Committee: J. Burrows,
Lancaster Co., Chairman, Hon. Allen
Root, Douglas Co., C. W. Beal, Custer
Co., H. B. McGaw, Adams Co., B. F.
Allen, Cass Co.
We are compelled to go to press be
fore the adjournment of the meeting.
We will give full proceedings in our
next issue.
It is quite likely there are many inde
pendents who also voted for prohibi
tion, and who are bitterly disappointed
by the results, who think the 22d legis
lature should enact statutory prohibi
tion. The vile course of the Rosewater
whisky coaibiue at Omaha in raiding
the polls, mobbing prohibitionists, and
generally debauching the elective fran
chise to win its purpose, undoubtedly
intensifies this feeling. But there are
two sides to this question. Prohibition
was defeated by an unexpectedly large
majority. While the vile tactics of
Rosewater's bogus business men's asso
ciation is responsible for much of this
adverse vote it cannot justly be charged
with all of it. If that is true prohibition
would have been defeated without the
opposition of that association. The
question then presented is, would it be
wise to enact into law a measure which
has just been condemned by the popular
voice? We do not think it would; and
we believe we" share this opinion with
the leading prohibitionists of the state.
We believe their aim will be to so
amend the present law as to make, it ef
fective for the end it was designed to
serve, and to pretect our youth as much
as possible from the contaminating ef
fect of the saleon, and re-submit the
question of prohibition as soon as public
sentiment promises to support it.
A law passed on the heels of an over
whelming vote against it would be pro
nounced a usurpation, and would not
be enforced. It would lack the moral
support which any law should have,
that of a healthy and intelligent public
sentiment demanding its enactment. It
would be much better to have no prohi
bition law than to have one that was a
dead letter.
For these reasons we should be op
posed to statutory prohibition at this
time; and we believe this view is held by
leading prohibitionists.
Supposed Profit of Beet Sugar Industry.
A report, which seems reliable, comes
to us to the effect that a man lives in
Salt Lake who offers to pays the costs of
a beet sugar plant to any city or other
owners who will let him have the use of
it for one season. I other wrords if
Kearney should build a plant worth $500,
000, this man would pay that amount,
$500,000 for the use of it for one year or
season. This appears to be an enor
mous profit and sounds like a fish story,
and yet those who profess to know
something about the beet sugar industry
figure the profit about this way: A ton
of Nebraska beets will make about three
hundred pounds of granulated sugar,
which if sold at six cents per pound
realizes eighteen dollars. The royalty
on the same is three cents per pound,
making nine dollars more, or twenty
seven dollars total gross receipts. In
addition to this is the value of the dis
tilled product, and of the refuse for
feeding purposes, which are very con
siderable iteoas. The total cost of man
ufacturing a ton of beets into sugar, in
cluding cost of beets, manufacturing,
etc., is ten dollars and fifty cents, leav
ing a net profit of sixteen dollars and
fifty cents pr tou of beets. The Grand
Island factory is supposed to manufac
ture three hundred tons of beets per day.
Taking the net profit on one ton, $16.50,
by 300 tons and we have a profit of $4,-
950.00 for one day. Again it is said a
factory of this kind will run about 100
days during the summer and fall sea
The value of one days profits of $4,-
950 by the season of one hundred days,
and we have the neat little sum of $495,
000 as the fat profits of one season with
the beet sugar industry.
The Chicago Tribune, which is a re
publican advocate from away back, has
been making a careful estimate of the
increased cost of clothing for one year
through the McKinley bul to the peo
ple of the United States. "It will be
from $100,000,000 to $120,000,000, or
nearly $2 per head, or $10 per family,
in the whole IJnion; although in the
northern states, with their cold weather
and long winters, the extra cost will
average fully $15 Der family, The ad
vance must come as soon as the surplus
stocks of wool now on hand are clear
ed off." Then the Tribune asks; "Does
any one think that the people who have
just shown by their votes bow they
like the prospect of higher prices, will
be any better tempered when the biff her
prices have been actually fastened up
on them?" ,
President's Address.
Brothers and Sisters of the State
Alliance, I rejo ce to greet tou
to-day in our Annual Meeting:
When we last met, the city of Grand
Island was astonished to see GOO deter
mined men appear in their midst as del
egates from the Alliance in Nebraska.
Since that time politicians throughout
the state have been astonished still more
to see the determination manifested by
our members in sustaining our. prin
ciples by political action.
To-day, with about one-third the rep
resentation we were entitled to then,
in spite of the famine which prevails
over nearly one-half of our state, which
renders many of our brother delegates
unable to attend our meeting; we ar
here to show to the world that the far
mers os the state of Nebraska are awake
to their interests, their rights, and their
During the past year there have been
added to our number of Alliances 136,
while in most cases the membership of
those then existing has largely increas
ed: n that in the h airreiJ'ate. w rmmhr
J probably six times as many as we did akf
Notwithstanding the fact that we are
so greats multitude, that we are scat
tered over so large a state, that there
were local prejudices to overcome, that
there is to some extent, a diversity of
business interests, that we are composed
of persons of all shades of religious be
lief, and all kinds of political affiliations,
and in spite of the opposition arising
from the jealousies of other industries
and occupations, we have proved ihat
industrial co-operation in this state is a
success. "
And although the tremendous influ
ence of the money power., has been
brought to bear to crush our financial
ability, and to make us entirely depen
dent on it for our very existence, the
hitherto irresistible power of the cor
porations, trusts and monopolies, has
been exerted in a combined effort to
overwhelm us; and the experienced
shrewdness and cunning of politicians
have been exerted to their utmost to di
vide us aud array us agaiuot each other;
we have demonstrated that the farmers
of this state can "hang together." That
they can fcuccessfuliy co-operate 1 iu
busiuess. That they can unite, success
fully, with all those who believe in equal
rights for all before the law, in indepen
dent political action, and
possible that the people shall rule.
Many Aliiauce busines-s associations
have .been established, and have in most
cases proved a success. At , the same
time merchants and manufacturers have
been disabused of the idea that the'Aiii
ance was established to iujute their t:ue
interests, or to break up their busiuess
if honestly couducted.
The educational feature of the Alli
ance in the iue of political information
has rought forth fruit in one of the
hardest contested campaigns that was
ever witnessed in the state, and in
achieving a victory decided and gratify
ing in its results, and with good pros
peet of being complete aud permanent.
In the preceding year several of the
counties which were best organized
nominated, and in most instances elect
ed independent or peoples' tickets.
These countl -s early in the spring of
this year, began to express their deter
mination to repeat the action on a lar
ger scale. s,T'hey united with some
others in urging a combiued effort
throughout the state, to exert their po
litical power aud influence in some man
ner outside of all existiug political par
ties. But here a difficulty rose, which
for a time created grave apprehension
in the minds of many, and put the loy
alty and sine rity our members to a se
vere test. Grave differences of opinion
arose as to how political action could
most safely and successfully be taken.
Some were in favor of forming a new
political party, having the same charac
teristics of the oid parties, as to perpet
uating itself and controlling the politi
cal action of its members, and iu which
the Alliances should elect the delegates
to the first conventions. Others were iu
favor of selecting from among those that
shou d be nominated by the existing po
litical parties, but of no longer affiliat
ing with then), while others advocated
capturing the primaries wherever pos
sible, aud thus gradually changing them
in principle and reforming them in
practice. These differences of opinion
were manifested and compared at a
conference of the presidents of county
alliances and the county organizers, to
gether with the officers ot the State Al
liance, held at Lincoln on the 22d of
April. The result was that a circular
was sent to the Alliances in the state
advising them to make preparation for
political action, but that action should
be determined by the strength of the
Alliances in the different counties.
Using the old party primaries, the bal
ance of power, or separate nominations
as might seem best.
But during all this time the organiza
tion of Alliances was going forward so
rapidly that county after county felt
that they had arrived to a strength of
membership that would warrant inde
pendent political action. In repouse to
earnest requests from different parts of
the state blank petitions headed by the
St. Louis Declaration of Principles and
a request for a call for a state conven
tion; were sent out to every Alliance and
Assembly of the Knights of Labor iu the
state. These petitions were signed by
many thousands of members and were
sent back to Alliance headquarters and
in compliance with them a convention
was called to meet in Lincoln, July 29th.
The apportionment of the delegates to
the different counties being based on
the best judgment of the secretaries of
the State Alliance and the State Assem
bly of the Knights of Labor, or such
persons as they chose. The primaries
were to be composed of those legal vo
ters who pledged themselves to sustain
by their influence -nd votes the princi
ples contained in the petition in response
to which the convention was called A
Eart of the counties, impatient of delay
ad called their county and district con
ventions through the actiou of the Alli
ances and Knights of Labor, and dele
gates were sent from them, but on the
issue of the call it was received with
general approbation and promising the
most permanent success. The conven
tions were held, the nominations made,
and the result so far has astonished the
politicians, and electrified the workers
of the country with the hope that in
connection with the victories obtained
for the same principles in other states,
it presages a peaceful but complete rev
olution, to be accomplished in the j'ear
1892 by which the government shall pro
tect the laborer as well as the capitalist,
an ; the poor as well as the rich. That
true nobility, measured by intelligent
and honest industry, rather than arrx
gant wealth, shall be honored withXe
confidence, and trusted with the affairs
of the nation; and that truth and moral
ity shall supplant error and corruption
throughout our whole land.
I , trust that you will during your
present session, formulate and adopt
some definite plan by which indepen
dent political action may be taken each
year, on living principles ana not in
obedience to the dictation ol & permanent
political party.
Experience has taught , us that our
state constitution needs amending in
several particulars. I think that the
article defining qualifications for mem
bership should be so 'amended as to in
clude county hchool teachers, and that
some definite rule ought to be laid down
by which the eligibility of those persons
engaged in several kinds of business
might be determined..
1 think that some definite statement
ought to be made of what offences
should justify expulsion from the Alli
ance. - Under the present indefinite
wording of the constitution, while en
gaging iu some laudable brauch of busiVJ
ness which renders the eligibility of theNI
member doubtful is promptly followed
by dismissal, the most flagrant violation
of the obligations of the order are some
times passed unnoticed. A clear de
claration on the subject would secure
uniformity of action in such cases, and
conduce to the permanence and strength
of our organization.
A discrepancy in the length of terra
of the delegates to the county aliiauce
aud the officers of the same shonld be
corrected, as it has led to no little per
plexity aud inconvenience.
The duties of the lecturers of the
County Alliances and the State Aliiauce
ouaht o be extended. aud clearlvdefiued.
ttiiuk the county lecturers ought to be
directed to visit and instruct all the Al
liances in their respective counties at
least once in each year; and that the
lecturer of the state Allimce should
visit each county Alliance in the state "at
least once each year, delivering lectures
to' the same, and assisting and instruct
ing them in their duties, and should re
port to the state Aliiauce at each regu
lar meeting.
Permit me to call your attention
again to the fact that adifferent basis of
representation to the state .. Aliiauce
must of necessity be adopted. No body
of men consisting of more than 500 can
properly deliberate upon and discuss
such questions as must be considered by
our state Alliance, and had it not been
for the famine and hard times which
exist at the present at least 1,700 dele
gates would have been present at this
1 trust that such change will be made
that, while all parts of the state shall be
represented, the Alliance will not be so
unwieldy as to cripple its efficiency or
embarrass its deliberations.
Aud now let me remind you of the uc
cessity of continuing the'work of organ
izatiou. No county is as completely or
gauized as it should be, aud iu some the
work is just begun. There are few
neighborhoods but what contain some
persons who ought to be brought iuto
the Aliiauce. Tho youug are coming of
age. Ladies perhaps are not encour
aged to join or do not attend your meet
ings. Perhaps your meetings are losing
their interest in some places, or are be
ing turned into places of trifling diver
sion or amusement.
Let there be a waking up all along
the line
Do not be deceived. . We have proba
bly passed through the last triangular
political light which this state will ever
witness. Already the corrupt leaders
of the two old political parties are com
bined against us. while the rank aud file
of those parties, those who are in favor
of morality and justice, are only wait
ing to be invited to join us. . "
We must hold out to them the hand of
welcome. We will need them all.
Money is an engine of tremendous
power iu our state, and every misfor
tune or calamity which visits our peo
ple but increases its strength.
While the benevoleut and charitable
iu the eastern part of the state aud iu
adjoining states are cou.tribut.iug to re
lieve the necessities of the famine
stricken inhabitants of the west, the
railroad corporations are offering lim
ited concessions iu freight charges for
delivering those contributions,. on the
condition that the new legislature shall
promise them immunity, by law, from
future interference with their extortion
ate charges, and the bankers are warn
ing them that if they interfere by law
with the present ruinous rate of inter
est that they will leave them entirely
without money for the transaction of
business. .
Trusts, corporations and syndicates
are growing more and more "grasping,
aud showing les and less consideration
for the rights of labor.
They obtain control of every enter
prise" that is calculated to benefit. our
people and change them into a boon for
t Hem selves and a burden for us, and
turn a deaf ear to every demand for jus
tice and every cry for mercy until the
laborer is reduced to a pauper or driven
to crime, and then that money is doled
out in grudging charitv or unwilling
taxation which should nave been paid
as tair wages lor honest industry.
Our enemies say that the Alliances
will now
go to sleep and will soon melt
Let us show them that we are just
awaking as a strong man out of sleep.
aud that we feel that our day's work is
just begun. Let us use every honest
means aud every lair appliance and
plan lor building up our organization
and increasing its influence for good
and us strength tor actiou
Let me earnestly call ; our attention
to the necessity of putting the newspa
per organ ot the state Alliance iuto
every family of the members of the Alli
ance throughout the state; and also of
establishing aud supporting, too, in
every county at least one good
newspaper which can be relied
on to espouse our , interests
and plead our cause; and then banish
from our homes and firesides the venal
partisau papers which have done so
much during the past year to mislead
our people, anil to strengthen the
hatids of our oppressors.
I take pleasure in commending to
you The Alliance newspaper, pub
lished in this city by Brothers Burrows
and Thompson, for the able and fear
less mauner in which it has battled for
the right during the year, and especi
ally in the late political conflict. I be
speak for them your hearty support and
earnest efforts to extend the circulation
of their paper, so that its efficiency and
size miy be increased, and that they
may be saved from the pecuniary ein
barassment which so large an outlat'
must entail, and from the failure which
so often overtakes such enterprises.
I would like, if time would permit, to
speak in detail of the editors in differ
ent parts of the state, who, in their dif
ferent localities have abl3' battled for
the right .1 trust that you will reward
them by your earn st support.
It seems to me that a systematic line
of subjects for discussion, carefully con
sidered aud arrange by some com
petent committee or designated officers,
and distributed by circular each quar
ter of the 3"ear, as a hnp and guide 10
the All'u nces in making lhe programs.
for their meetings would be product tv
of much good.
V Our rulatinna tn th Wjilinnsil Alii
ance are not satisfactory to me, and I
think many others will agree with me
in that respect. While i would not
recommend or favor such arbitrary
power as is assumed by the National
Alliance aud Industrial Union of the
south, I think a closer relation between
the State Alliance and the National Al
liance should be provided for. I would
suggest that our delegates to the Naj
tional Alliance be instructed to recora
mPiiH and urffe the adoption of a uni
form secret work and ritual for the Na
tional Alliance, aud also the adoption
of a system of reports by State seere
taries to the National secretaries," am'
also a report to Iks made by him at the
annual meeting giving concise aud deti
nite information of the condition and
progress of the Alliance throughout the
country. .
I am also in fayor of urging the hold
intr a conference of all the Industrial
organizations in theUuited States some
time next year for the purpose of form
ulating a platform of principles tor t lie
basis of National Independent political
action throughout the country ounug
the year 1891 and 1892.
lhe question ot organic
union wit
the other
Industrial organizations in
the couutrv is agitating the minds of
some of our members. But I think a
careful examination of the difficulties
in the way will convince every one that
.1 -I . 1 S .i 11..
me scneme is not, oniy uiipracucaiue,
but that if cousumated it would bo pro
ductive of actual injury to our cause.
The terrible disaster which has vis
ited the western counties in our state
calls for our deepest sympathy and
most strenuous efforts to relieve the
destitution of our brothers aud sisters
in the famine stricken districts.
Earnest efforts have been made by
the governor of the state through a
committee to afford temporary relief,
which is well timed aud commendable.
A small sum was appropriated by our
executive committee early in the fall
for the immediate relief of the most des
titute, aud if more can be spared for
the purpose I think it should be
promptly given.
But there is one feature of the case
which should not be lost sight of. For
every dollar that is being contributed
by the beuevoleut and charitable in the
east for the relief of the west, the peo
pie there are robbed of live dollars by
the foreclosure of chattel mortgages, by
which the property of the sufferers is
sacrificed aud their . permanent fiuan
cial aud business ruin is rendered Juuvi
tab e.
On the account of the accumulation
of funds in the State Aliiauce treasury
an order was made by the executive
committee in the spring that the 'state
dues for the third quarter of the y ear be
remitted, or should not be required of
the Alliances, which was afterwards for
the same reason made to apply to the
fourth quarter.
The btale Alliance Busiuess Agency
which was established early in the year
has beeu a success iu furuishing in
creased facilities lor purchases oy our
members at reasonable prices, aud by
acting as a checic on the unwarranted
extortions which the law ami a seared
coneieuce sometimes tolerated ou the
part of the merchants and dealers. Bro.
Hartley aud his assistants deserve our
warm praise for the efficient manner in
which the business has been conducted.
I would recommend that Bro Hartley
he continued in the position, and that
he receive the confidence aud remunera
tiou that his faithfulness aud .efficiency
1 cannot forbear to express to you
nry appreciation of the ability aud fideli
ty with which our worthy Secretary and
Treasurer, Bro. Thompson, has dis
charged his arduous aud responsible
duties, aud als of the Executive com
mittee, and especially Bro Burrow's its
worthy chairman, for the patience with
which he has eudure'd the v ials of wrath
which have oeen so liberally broken
over his devoted head.
The subject of tire insurance has " en
gaged the attention of the Aliiauce
heretofore, but the obstacles thrown iu
the way by our statutes have prevented
auy feasible plan tor mutual insurance
in connection with the A liauce from
being adopted. I. think a memorial
should be adopted and aid befoie the
legislature by a competent committee,
urging the amendment of the insurance
law, aud also the passage of a more ef
fective aud stringent usury Jaw, aud
some effective enactment by which the
railroads will be compelled to reduce
their freight rates iu a reasonable de
gree, so that those whose industry fur
nishes their busiuess may realize some
return for their labor.
And now brothers, let us not weary
in our work or remit our efforts. Our
success has just begun. Every victory
on our part will arouse our wily and
determined foes to some new aud un
expected attack. Let us be watchful.
Let us work always.- The night is fad
ing away, the dav fs breaking. Let our
watch-words be, "Liberty,. tor the op
pressed," "In Union there is Strength,"
" Justice to the Toilers," " Equality of
all before the Law."
- et me tender to you all, aud through
you to the Alliances you represent, my
grateful thauks for the uuifortu cour
tesy aud kind cousideratiou with which
you have treated me as your president
during tho past two years. Although
my lite has been one of toil aud almost
unceasing lator, my work in this cause,
during this period has beeu as ardent as
any iu my life But the conciousuess
of the necessity for continuous aud en
ergetic actiou, if we would achieve suc
cess, the rapid encroachment of our op
pressors on our liberties, the claims of
the rising generation for some better lot
than that which our carelessness and
neglect had permitted to be laid up iu
store for them, and the couciousness
that an ever increasing host of friends
aud brothers were rallying to the sup
port of the cause, and ever ready to fol
low the standard wherever duty called
me to bear it has borne me up and has
led me to rejoice when weary, aud
when discouraged to look up.
May tho blessings of Almighty God
rest upon you. May His spirit guide
you eer to the light, to truth aud to
liberty. May the Lord of Hosts, the
Captain of our salvation lead you ou to
victory over every foe in this world,
aud to joy and happiness in the world
to come.
The west is marching on. It will not
scop. Ordinary obstacles are brushed
out of the way without, ceremony, be
cause destiny points out its track and is
forever crying, onward! The day is
passed, but the goal is not reached. A
reat country, with a wide surface, rich
in nones auu minerals, ueveisiueo witn
soils that produce immense yields of
corn ami wheat, it is bound to prosper
ami grow ncn. Measured oil iuto mu
uicipauues aim siaies it oeeomes a
great, power in trie ooiy pontic, and
herein is louud to exert au influence
that will be no mean factor in the ma
terializing and dominating the politics
or tr.e country.
Call the roll, if you please, but the
number of states have become so nu
merous aud multiplied so fast that we
cannot uo it now. uut tney are all
there, fully organized and fully armed.
Look out for them. They demand
vcoguition aud will be heard from
mien occasion occurs. ease is oia,
assuming ana saucy, out lueeuierunse,
stir, bustle aud push is in the west, and
so it don't care what the east may as
sume; it feels sure and safe tn stand on
ilspwn IkUoiu, and thus to make. its
way to the source of influence and the
seats of power. It will make its mark
wherever it plants a foot, and reach re
sults that will surprise the most far
seeiug National View.
Chauncey M. Depew said lhat th
commercial depression was caused by
distrust, and that tho condition of the
country was never better than today.
The funeral of Washington McLean
took place, in Washington Thursday
The Chicago business men who were
in contempt of court must pay the pen
alty by a j All scuteuco, in the opitiiou of
Judge Gre.hai.
J. L. Irby, the farmers' (Tillman's)
candidate, has been elected United
States senator from South Uarouna, to
ucceed Wade Hampton.
Senator Franc is (Edmund du Motier
je La Fayette), grandson of Gen. Lafay
ette, died iu Pans Thursday, at the age
of 72 years.
Robert Mills, ex-police commissioner
and head of the exleustve ship building
firm of Mills & Co., died Thursday
morning at Buffalo.
A young lady at Independence, la.,
who was employed in the insane asy
lum, has gone crazy from association
with her unfortunate wards.
The bureau of animal industry has
discovered a drug which will prevent
hog cholera.
Statistics show the Salvation Army
has 329 organizations iu this country, 40
church edifices, 237 halls, with a total
seating capacity of 102.V61, ami that the
church property is valued at if S,d u.
The Chicago police have received in
formation that B. 11. Camp h'11. the
missing millionaire, has been in Detroit,
aud has left there for Niagara Fails.
The Illinois State Grange 'adopted
resolutions demanding that biudeis and
mowers be placed ou the free list, aud
that liquors be excluded from the
VV orld's fair grounds.
Pringle & Son's grain elevator at
Grant, Neb., was burned Thursday
A youug lady was compelled to marry
a negro from necessity.
The manufacturers of wrapping paper
have formed a trust.
A man near Fort Smith, Ark., shot
and killed five people aud then ended
his own life with his deadly weapon.
Henry Villard does not think the
Wall street pauic is over. The Melviu-
ey bill and the silver bill were its
causes, he says.
An Afflicted Family.
St. Paul, Neb, Dec. 16.
Howard couuty has a worthy, though
sorely afflicted family. August 26, 18id.
T. C. Porter, a well-to-do farmer of
Howard couuty aud a prominent Alli
ance man aud couuty organizer, at
tempted to descend iu his well for the"
purpose of cleaning it, the well being
Ida feet deep. V hen about half wav
down he lost his hold aud fell to the lnt-
toin, breaking his right thigh bone iu
two places aud one of his rios aud wiw
badly bruised all over lie was rescued
from his perilous situation and his bones
were set and his wounds dressed, and
has since suffered from a severe attack
of typhoid lever from which ho is not
likely to lecover. His whole family of
eight persons have suffered from the
dreadful disease, one little child having
died of tho fever after four weeks of de
lirium, aud also William Walters, a
brother of Mrs. Porter, who came from
Virginia to care for Mr. Porter when he
was hrst hurt, aud after watching over
him faithfully lor six or seven weeks
took the fever aud died. .The good ik-
ple of the whole county sympathize with
them , in , their deep sorrow, and are
doing all they can to lift the cloud of
suffering and sorrow from them. At
this time Mr. Porter's chances to lire
are very unfavorable, he being so weak
that his thread of life seems very slea-
ler, aud it seems as though nothing but
l miracle can save the poor emaciated
mau from the grave. The remaiuder of
tho family are now well at this time
The.following amounts have been con
tributed for tho relief of the drouth
stricken region of the state:
Amount previously reported. .. .$370 05
E. S. Davison, Emerald, from
farmers of Emerald 1 1 25
J. D. Reising, Ponca, Neb.. . . . 10 00
Gideon Purbaugh, Lancaster
county, Nolan alliance 10 00
II. G. Weigel, Ditler, Neb., Ceu-
terville alliance, No. 977
Geo. Timblin, Wisuer, Neb., al
liance No. 814
Ed. Arnold, Odell, Neb., Glen
wood alliance No. 939
8 75
12 75
tSfDon't go in to Maxwell, Ross &
Sharpe's unless you have got some
mouey to spend. You are sure to see
something you will want, and their
prices are so low you are sure to buy.
Everything wanted can be found in
their maguificeut store. Their splendid
stck of cutlery toOK our eye -result a
fiue new oaoer knife for our thl.
1532 to 1538 O street.
Ahead of
Sailor Yarn.
Sailors it re proverbial for thtir bl
yarns, but they c't get much ahd ul
i iver men, says the Cincinnati IiiHrnr.
The alher day Captain J. D. Paxkr rcA
hold of Captain Gtbn, aud he eiij;
"Dave, you recollect when I wti mmis on
the Yhzou a;i . that streak of lijhtautg
struck me as 1 sto d near the ck-tff,
in that terrible storm, and you all thought
I was dead for sura?"
ttOh, yes, very well; but whire did th
Uglitning go to, anyhow?"
"Why, it went light down into bit
loot." 7
"And j ou never were hurt?"
"No, sir, not a bit. I juat took my boot
of! and poured the lightning out on tha
deck. "
And the two worthies went to look at
the weather mnp.
Ltttt Thlna;
LtttU wor.Uar th weetest to heart
little charities fly farthest, and stay r
longest on the wing; little ltika are
Btiherft, and little hearts tiie fullest, and
lifcle farms the bet tdld Little t.ks
are the most read, and little ons lhe
most loved. And when nature would
make auy thing especially rare aud
beautiful, she makes it little liiUe
pearls, little diatuends, and little dew.
At Eichweller, iu Germany, a lady
left instruction io ber will that when
she died she was to be buried in a
splendid ball costume. Her wUh has
has jut been carried out Her father
in bis last will aad tetament gr in
struotions tltat when lie Mshufild off
tliis mortal coil " he was to be buried in
his wedding gsrinent. His , wlh
likewise religiouJy beyl.
ror Sale- Two good ti
3 miles north-west of West Lincoln and
it mi. south of Woolawn. Fred Scakck.
5 A
J .