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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 20, 1890)
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LINCOLN, NEB., SATURDAY, DEO. 20, 1890.
Notice to Subscribers.
Aj thf easiest and cheapest means of notV-
8rtn uiftcc1lors of the date of their explra
one we -will mark this notice with a blua or
Mdpencil.oQ the date at which their subsoil
tion exj.iren We will send 'the paper tw
weeks after expiration If oot renewed by
tJme It will be discontinued.
For the Farmers' At.liancb,
Vision of Vernier Voldo.
We" are weary of the strife
And the battle mis called life,
And we dread the cuneand strain
Of the Iron snur and rHn;
Ptart to find the huddling: poor
Standing near the cabin door;
Weep to see the homeless feet
, i Where the lords and lab'rors meet,
' And the reechinr, pleadtnjr bands
In these boasted harvest lands;
Proi hets rouae ye I men are sold
And th new chains share the old.
Can-jru see from where you stand
Any better, brighter land?
Can you hear the men who toil
Sinking; o'er the fruitful soil?
Have you reeted 'neatb their trees
With the children, and the bees?
Art the parents pure and fair?
And the mothers happy there?
Bay that want and jrreed are gone
'Ere j our vision passeth on.
Tell to men who plow the corn,
That the Shylcck is not born
In that country you have seen
With its valleys free and jn-een.
They await your morning soagr
Who have worn the yoke so long,
And they listen at the mill
For your c rum beat on the bill.
Shall they find your messenger,
Savior and philosopher?
Shall their lamps be lifted higher,
Who are drunk with mad desire?
Mart Daird Finch.
Clearwater, Neb , Dec. 10. 1890.
XT FLKAS1SD THE OATEMAIC.
Cyrus yi.ld Tries to Compel a Cigarette
Smoker to Stop.
Mr. Field, through his connection with
the Manhattan Railroad Company, ia
known to every employee on the four
roads especially the gatemen. The lat
ter 'all adnrre him from a distance; bt
when he happens to pass through their
station it is a different maker, and a
hf artfelt sigh of relief goes out when he
boards a train and leaves the platform.
This anxiety on their pirt is due solely
to his bitter hostility to tobacco smoke.
The rules of thecompany insist that no
smoking shall be federated on the plat
form, and he is credited with seeing that
it is enforced as much as possible.
I witnes ed a most amusing incident
one day recently, in which Mr. Field
played a prominent part. He cams un
expectedly on a downtown station at a
time when four or fiive gentlemen -ere
, enjoying tto fragrance of good cigars.
Mr. Field actually glared at them; then,
turning to the unlucky gate man. he
poured on his head all the wrath at his
command. Pointing out one individual
who a t smoking a cigarette, Mr.Field di
rected the gateman to have it stopped, and
in the meat time the millionaire promised
to stand guard over the box. The gate
man promptly responded, but bearing in
mind the rule whivh aid no violence,
should be used, he simply requested the
gentleman to throw his cigarette away.
The latter declined, and Mr. Field on
hearing it went to the attaek himself.
At first he requested, then demanded,
that the smoking should step. The cig
arette fiend, however, merely smiled, and
puffed the harder. The other smokers
recognized Mr. Field, and also sent out
den&e volumes of smoke. Finally the
objector got disgusted, and jump ng into
a train which just then came into the
station he took his departure and specu
lated on human wickedne s until he
reached the end of his journey. The
most gratified individual of the parties
to the comedy was the gateman. "Now
he sees, w he muttered under his breath,
"that it is not so easy to enforce the
ruled. " New York btar.
Wouldn't Stay to Be Cooked.
A friend of mine is very fond of lob
ster, but, like many men, has no idea how
fo d is prepared. His wife had occasion
to be al sent from home one day, and she
told the servant to boil a lolasler for my
friend's dinner. She left a note telling
her lmaband of the treat she had pro
vided for him and requestiug him not t
wait dinner for her. He was quite
hungry when here.' chd home, and after
reading the not?, said to the servant: "I
that lobster ready?"
" Indade it iat, sor, " said the girl.
"Well, hurry up v itii it. I'm as
, hungry as a tear, " said he.
"I can't sor, " said the girL "The mis
tress said to broil th lobster, and I got
him on the gridiron after a dale of fuss.
The more I poied the fire the more lie
walked off, and I thought the braste was
haunted and no good would come from
cooking a straddled bug like that.
"What did you do with it?" said my
friend, getting mad.
Taitb, the la&t I saw of him he wai
going out of the back dor with bin tail
up, like the maniac he was. "
lie had sardines and crackers for din
ner. Stupid I'enple.
A reason why stupid people do so
much harm in the world u that they
pae88 a c fidence in thir own judg
ment only proporiionate to their want
of intelligence. ' Conscious of the recti
tude of their intentions arid seeing only
their own little strip of horizon,, they go
on wit i an assurrd step," and become
aware that it is possible to be mistaken
only when the mist. ike U already made
aul the mischief done." Experience is
of little avail. The particu ar mistake
will pro ha hly not be committed figain,
but some other will The way always
seems straight and easy to those who
can see on v a aril r t'vo.
Miss Fra en Tower Cbbe, author of
many books and one of the ablest of
literary women, is, at the nge of 70
Jwrd at work, both a writer and re
former. She is full of health and. vigor,
which nhe attributes to her im;Ie diet
and regular Ik: bits, and gives much time
to the Ami Vivisection Society in Lou
don, of which she is president.
THE MASTER BUILDER.
The Truth is a bnilder that bnildeth slow,
Yet bnilda exceadinirly strong;
Earh seeming, inconnrqatnt trivial part
la triad with Hi teat o a master's Rrt;
With the delicate touch of an artist's hand
Tb lightest and tiniest grain of sand
la arrunced in its place in that edifice grand
Whose architect never goes wrong.
The Truth is a bnilder that 'ew may know,
The work is so wondronly still:
Noiselessly, ceaselessly dHvii.g the earth,
Selecting, inspeeting each object of worth.
Exploring the depths of the sea and the air
Or the realms of the inflaite everywhere.
Treasure o valne beyond compare.
Is gathered with consumate skill.
The Tmth hi a builder that buildeth slow.
Tet the edifice stands or aye; .
Whea glittering records ol warrior's deeds,
Bewildering rales of philosophers' creeds,
Th dogma of schools and political schemes,
Faaatieai follie. enthusiasts' dreams.
And all-o the rubbish with which the world
As stubble has vanished away."
Ths Truth is a builder that few may 'know,
And yet all the world mny see;
For tribute is levied at every one's door,
The weak and the humble each add to the
And in that great future how great the sur
prise If ws,-as the shadows escape from our eyes,
Flad the simple have olten done more than
. In building that home 'or the free.
SEIZING A SMUGGLER.
HE life of apreventive
officer is not always
one of pleasurable ex
citement, as the fol
lowing story, obtained
from an officer of" the
force, will testify:
Ours is not always a bed ol roses
began the officer in question, in re
lating his story and any one who
joins the force under the impression
that it is will be sorely disappointed
before he has put in six months'
service, especially along the coast of
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. I I
had a rather exciting experience of it
a little time since with a notorious
gang of smugglers on the east coast
oi Novia Scotia. I had been made
aware ot the fact that a small
schooner of about sixty tons had left
for the French island of St. Pierre
Mignelon, one of those French isl
ands lying off 'the south coast of
Newfoundland, a noted rendezvous.
for smugglers, and knowing the
character of the captain and crew,
there was little room left for doubt
ing that they meant business, and
would return with a good supply of
French wines and liquors to smug
gle in alonsr the coast. I was also
pretty well satisfied of the point at
which they would attempt to affect a ;
landinir, and accordingly lay wait- j
ing the arrival of the suspected craft, j
I knew I had a pretty good job cut '
out for me, but determined to go in-
to it single handed. I had lain in
ambush about twenty-four hours, i
when at midnight 1 heard a boat 1
pulling toward the shore lrom a ves- ;
sel which soon came in sight and j
dropped anchor about one hundred i
yards from the wharf, under the cov- i
er of which 1 concealed myself. The j
boat's crew, four in number, landed, j
and after satisfying themselves that
the coast was clear, and leaving one j
of their number on shore to recon- !
noiter, returned to the vessel to j
commence landing their contraband I
The time had now arrived for me
to commence operations, which I
must admit, in view of the great
odds against me, I did not do with
out some doubt as to my personal
safetv. I was well armed, however, j
and had been in some pretty tougrh
places before, and did not feel dis
posed to show the white feather just
nw, probably stimulated to the ef
fort by the knowledge that the prize
before me would be a valuable one if ?
I secured it.
As I left my hiding place to take a
boat I had observed tied to a stake
on the shore about 100 feet from me,
with a view to reaching the craft be- j
fore any portion of the cararo could j
possibly be landed, I noticed a burly
looking sailor approach and get in-
;o her and start for the schooner. I
nailed mm and assed mm to take
me off to the vessel. Tothishepaid pulled for the shore to renew their
no attention until I drew my revol- attack in another way. Immediate
ver, under the cover of which he re- ly on landing they arrayed them
turned and took me in. 1 saw that, selves along in line, and commenced
if possible, he would upset the boat a fusilade o f rocks upon "the vessel,
and dump me into the Atlantic,
which I determined, if possible, to
prevent. He began to pull for the
vessel, and laving all his strength on
one of t he oars, succeeded, as he had
at first intended, in breakipg it. I
seized the other, and at the same
time dealt him a blow which laid
him flat in the bottom of the boat,
and then paddled for all I was worth
for the schooner.
It being dark the crew supposed I
was one of their own gang who had
been left on shore, and did nort op
pose mv boarding: the vessel. When
they saw the trap they had fallen in-
to, however, there was a general up-
roar, and had it not been for the in-
terference of the captain I would cer-
tainly have been thrown overboard,
I looked about the vessel and
found that preparations bad al- j
ready been made to land the cargo
before daylicrht. The boat had been
loaded down to the gunwale and was
about to start .or shore when Is top
ped oh deck.
"Well," asked the captain, "what
do yon propose doing:?"
1 informed him that the vessel was escape oy tne Poat which lay along
now under seizure, and that nothing side, and pull along the shore, to
should be landed until I had received . the nearest settlement without their
my instructions lrom Ottawa. ' i discovering I had left the vessel for
' Here I was, alone on board a pi
ratical vessel, with six about as
tough looking cut throats as one
will meet within a day's journey
through the slums of any large city,
and twenty miles from the nearest
point from which I could hope to ob
tain any assistance, as I was right
in the heart of one of the worst
smuggling districts on the Atlantic
"Well," said the captain, "as the
schooner is now in your possession,
I suppose you will have no objection
to our pulling her into the wharf and
making her easy?" To which I as
sented. The casks and cases which had
been stowed in the boat were again
placed on deck, and a line was run to
the shore by which the vessel -, was
warped alongside the wharf and
made fast. The captain . and crew
then jumped ashore and left me in
full possession without saying a
They had not been gone twenty
minutes when it suddenly dawned
upon me that the captain had not
taken the seizure ot his vessel so
quietly for nothing. There was
something up, and if an attempt was
to be made to recapture the craft
alongside the wharf 'was not the
place for me to attempt to defend
my prize. I accordingly cut the
stern and bow lines by which she was
held, and allowed her to drop off
into the stream. When about fifty
yards from the shore I let go the
anchor, and awaited developments.
By this time it was daylight and
; looking toward the shore I saw a
: gang of about a dozen men, one,
' of whom carried a shotgun, coming
j down towards the warf, where they
j had expected to board her without
any any difficulty. I had forgotten
to mention that when I first stepped
j on the vessel's deck 1 had shown my
badge, and at the s:me time my r
j volver which 1 said I would use upon
the first man who attempted to dis
j turb the cargo or laid a hand upon
i me. It was quite evident that there
were no firearms aboard the vessel
' at the time, or matters might not
have gone as smoothly with me. The
only way the vessel could be boarded
was from a boat, and this gave me
an opportunity of holding the fort,
which I would not have had had the
schooner been tied up alongside o
When the smugglers and their pals
had reached the wharf they sat up a
shout, ' calling upon me to come
ashore in the boat which lay along
side the vessel, to which I, of course,
paid no attention, rne ooat m
. which I had made my trip to the
8ilinnnpr la v on tho shnrp n.nH in .
lew minutes I saw that an attempt
was going to be made to board the
vessel in the stream. The boat was
boarded and shoved off toward the
schooner, l stood ov to prevent a
landing on the deck beiug effected,
and as the first man placed his hands
on the rails to jump on board I drew
my revolver and cocked it in his face,
threatening to shoot if he did not
drop back into his boat.
Looking up suddenly I saw a cut
throat looking ruffian drawing a
bead on me with a shotgun from
the stern of the boat, while a dozen
pirates called to him to shoot, and I
think the command would have been
carried out had not one of the crew
knocked the gun out of his hand in
to the water, remarking at the same
time that "we will all be hanged if
you shoot him."
I can tell you I felt a little easier
when 1 saw that gun drop overboard.
But there 1 was, one against twelve,
and I did not know how many more
recruits would arrive when word of
t he seizure reached along the hostile
shore. I had now been thirty-six
hours without sleep, and only a
cracker or two to eat, which I had
fortunately put away in my pocket.
I could not leave the side ol the ves
sel for one moment, and I did not
know how long that state of things
would last. The nearest point lrom
where I could get assistance was
twenty miles distant. To attempt
to hold the vessel against such odds
with no prospect or help reaching
me was ridiculous, as I must give in
in the end, so I determined to make
the best escape I could.
The boat's crew, seeing tha't I
meant business, and that any one
who attempted to board the vessel
took his life in his own hands, alter
nanging arounu ior an nour or so,
smashing skylight and everything
breakable about the deck. I dare
not letwe the deck for fear that a
second attempt at boarding would
be made, and to protect myself from
the torrent of stones which were fly
ing about my head I . was oblisred to
take up a position behind one of the
masts, against which I had to stand
in an upright position for over an
hour, as by this time re-enforcement
had arrived, and I can assure you
they made it pretty lively tor me for
awhile. After a time, tired bevond
endurance, I manasred to get bold of
the malnpeak halyards and raise the
gaff of the mainsail a few feet above
the deck, which gave me a first rate
shelter from the shower of rocka
which was still falling upon the deck
i on all side's.
I now began to think of what was
best to le done. If I surrendered
now the chances were that I would
not get away alive or at any rate
would receive a rough handling. I
must manage to escape unknown to
the crowd on shore, and this could
only be done alter nightfall. It I
some timf, x would have a chanca o
getting, assistance and-be able tc
return and secure the schooner, pos
sibly before they had time to unload
her, and certainly before they could
get away from the port. Upon thh
1 decided, and laid my plans accord
ingly. In the first place, I must cripple
the vessel as far as possible, to pre
vent her being taken away immedi
ately. I lound a monkey wrench in
the cabin, and set to work to detach
her .steering gear. , I managed to get
the wheel off, which I threw over
board, and dislocated the rest of the
apparatus, so as to render it com
pletely 1 unserviceable for a
wnne ax, least, ritner tne sirengin
1 , 1 1 T!il 1 . J A 1 I
or stocK ot rocK ammunition ot my
assailants naa uecomeexnaustea.ana
vantage and wrecked in everv possi-
1.1a wnv tnnklp nr1 ricr,rinr n that
if after I left the craft an. attempt
was made to run her out to sea it
could not be accomplished without
Alter I had 1 carried my work ol
destruction to a point When 1
thought it ceased to be further nec
essary in the eyes of the law I began
to think of my departure, which
must be commenced as early alter
darkness closed down as possible. J
got everything ready, bars muffled,
and a lantern hung upon deck, that
they might be more likely to thiuk I
was keeping watch after I had left
the schooner. Before stepping from
the 'deck into the boat I tired two
allots from my revolver into the air, j
to let them set I was still alive, and
then quietly shoved off from th side
iiftho roHul fnT'Hiint. frrwn the uhnra
nnH onmrnenned mv mill alnn.r the
which I kn.w to be nbout five miles
. i ...i I 1 j I. . . J i.
making known mv minion s-cured a
horse and buggy and drove with all
possible haste to the nearest town.
H.UOU&" Dlieen raiies UlSiani, Wilt-re i
. A. , 111 " 1 T - A. A 1 II
knew there was a tugboat to be ob-
I tiroo ti rt-r I rt rr in aaoniilnnp T ho oaf. 1
of four well armed men. whom I knew
VII'I-M 111 U N IMH I. II I II 1 1 I 1 V. n Ml in 1 I If I
: s u: i . .1 4-i, , I
1 could relv upon in case we had to
fight. 'The tug was soon puffing her
way toward the point where I had
left the schooner, which we reached
the following morning about day
light. As we steamed around the j
point we could see that th? smugglers
had taken possession of the vessel
and were landing the cargo upon the
beach. Kunning up alongside we
made, fast and lumped on board.
' l he captain and his gangdom mene-
; ed to ShOW tffht, but the Sight Ol
our revolvers, five of them drawn in
battle array, quieted the fighting
propensities oi xne pirawjs, wuu, now-
j ever, when they sa w us manning the
wiuuiaoa iu raise u-uwi,
posed to resist, but concluded
As we tripped the anchor the cap
tain, who still remained on board
with six or seven of his crew, asked
us if we were not going to put him
on shore, to which I replied n
that we intended taking them
ai ound with us, prisoners.
By this time the tugboat was put
fing away ahead of us, when sudden
ly we heard a splash, and looking
around we saw the captain and his
crew swimming for the shore for dear
life. From this out we were unrao-
leafed, and. after a. few hour's sail, t
had my hardly earned prize safely
sreured at the wharf bevond the
reach of the pirate captain and her
piratical crew, with the "queen s
broad arrow fastened to her mast.
Timber 4,000 Years Old,
Probably the oldest timber in the
world which has been subjected to
the use of man is found m the ancient
temple of Eervot. in connection with
stone-work which is known to be at
least four thousand years old. This
was tne oniv wood used in tne con-
truction of the temple, and is in the
form of ties, holding the end of one
stone to another. When two blocks
were laid in place an excavation
about an inch deep was made iueach
block in which one of these wooden
ties, shaped like an hour-glass, was
driven. It is, there ore, very dim-
cult to force a stone from its posi
tion. These ancient ties are made ot
timarisk or shittirn wood, the same
as that from which the ark was con
structed. St. Louis Republic.
A Cool Thief,
A thief went through the Mount
Vernon, O., Sanitarium the other
day. He drove up to the door of
the building in a buggv, hitched his
horse, and went in. Soon after a
lady patient entered her room and
found a man there with a two foot
rule measurina: a window. Turning
to her he said: "There seems to be
only one slat broken out of that
blind, and I've only found lour so far
in the house." He then went out
and went through the other rooms,
and, havincr completed his research
es, got into his buggy aud drove
away. Soon after the ladv who saw
him in her room found that her purse,
with $17, was missing, and an inves
tigation proved that the thief had
ransacked all the rooms right before
the eves of the manager and all of
his assistants. Cleveland Leader.
The Law Is No Good,
The Ohio law which demands that
all executions be conducted in prison
and between midnight and daylight
was intended to suppress newspaper
particulars; out in tnis it is a granu
failure. Full particulars are always
to be obtained by a hustler. If there
be any cruelty in hanging a murder
er it is certainly cruel to rouse him
up at midnight to walk to hie death
Detroit Free Fress.
LIG PEG FITS IN NUTS.
BEGINNING OF A GREAT INDUS
TRY FOR AMERICA.
riaaUtioM of Walaati, Peeass, Cfctati aaa
Stay Other Varieties Alrtadf ItarUd
Permanent Source of Aaaaal
Profit to Him Who Waits.
"The era of nut cultivation in this
country is juut dawning," says Chief
Van Deman, of the pomological divi
sion in the department of Agriculture.
Before, long, however, the growing
of nuts for market will hecome an
enormous industry in the United States,
where now the product depended i poo
- ... .
fop consumption is either gathe -ed !
from wild tree8 0p impor;ea from
abroad. . Incidentally to th, clea.nr
OI iai? '.or ..-ur,oj
tre8 being largely wiped out, and
ne wl,a croP 18 necessarily u.m m.
lnff n proportion irom year io ye-r.
This is especially true of the pecan.
which the pickers are fond of collect-
insr by cutting down the trees a pro-
cAAdlno - that naturallv iassenitha nro-
duct ion of subsequent se isons.
'It is only within the last ten years
that nut culture has been tried in this
country, but it is being widely. taken
up because of the large profits obtained
from it. and great orchards of hundreds
and even thousands of trees are grow-
iner or belner planted on every hand.
In central California almond groves of
from 2,000 to 5,000 trees are uot unu
sual, and in the southern part of the
same state the English walnut,- proper
ly called the Madeira, nut, is already
extensively raised. The English
waluut is crown also fof market in
most or the other states, and on Staten
T.I iJl. . 14! A ,1 caIJ n
for pickles and catsup. Tne pecan is
rown in orchards in the South and
Southwest, and the oinon. orpine nut.
Ul,h n;t0 nlrimin tn nonnlo Anflt
f Mis3issippi. i8 , produced iu 1m-
x uuuunut results Biro uuiuncu nuu
nuts by selection and proper grafting.
With such care they increase surpris-
fngly in size and become thin shelled.
Here, for example, are some pecans,
I don't wonder that you are astonished
at their bigness, the pecans you are
accustomed to see have been wild
ones, whereas these are cultiy el
specimens. You will observe that
they are five or six times as big as tbe
ordinary nuts and their shells are ko
thin that vou will notice I break this
one easily between my thumb and
finger, just s I would a pe nut.
"The chestnut is susceptible of .the
Rnmft sftPt nt imnrovprnent and in not
legg detn.eei it ig beginning to ba ex
tensivelj planted and is found a most
profitable agfricultnr.il product. You
are familiar with the chestnut called
the 'marron' that we import from
abroad. It is errown in China and
J;t pan, as well as in France. Spain,
Italy and Portugal. In point of flavor
it does not nearly equal the American
chestnut, but it has a great advantage
in point of size, being as big as ahorse
chestnut. Now, we can grow these
marrons perfectly well in this country
and Hro already doing so in the oentral
stat99- alon? th Atlantic end as far
west as the -Mississippi. Orchards of
seedlings are starting in many places.
and before loner the mrron will be-
come a plentiful native crop. There
are some choice varieties of America
chestnuts, rown mostly along tbe
Apalachian range in North Carolina.
Georgia and as far north hs New York,
which are nearly as big as the foreign
kind. Here are a few that, yon see,
are quite an inch and a half in diame
ter. , These are chestnuts well worth
cultivating, 'lhere is plenty of waste
land ly iner about that could be made
aamiraDie use ot ior cnesmut pi nta-
tions, and when I tell you that a single
ir- oan h mad to bear from tn
fou wortn 01 tne nuts eacn year you
will perceive that the business of r.i.
ing nuts is well worth the farmer's at
A Long-Felt Want
Able Editor Want a position, ebP
Do you understand the tariff question?
Applicant Um to tell the truth, I
don't know anything about the tariff."
"Are you familiar with international
"No; can't say that I am."
"Have you followed up tne various
African and Polar explorations, and
have you all tne localities at your
finger-ends, so that you could write
column after column on the subject
without exhausting yourselfP"
"I I never took any interest in such
"Are you thoroughly familiar wilh
English, trench, German and R issiua
"Don't know anything about Euro
pean squabbles, and don't want to."
"Young man, take that desk, there.
I shouldn't wonder if you could make
a paper that sensible people would like
To Kakt Lima Water.
Lime water Is often required in the1
ffickness of children and adult. Beiag
inexpensive, it is best to obtain it from
druggists; but if anyone prefers to
make it here is the process. T.ke
Urge bottle und press into it pure,
clean, un slacked lime, enough to fill
bout one-fourth of its depth. Now
fill the bottle with pure water, cork
and shake awhile. On standing, the
fluid will become clear, when it U
ready for use. Boston Herald.
-.--i'n-i,. A-.TT'm.. .M4-'!-nt. i 'i-l;. .
- -y - ? yc-iV' '
Everybody is Taking Advantage of
wot Pay Extravagant School Bills.
NO VACATION. YOU CAN
Now that the fall work is nearly done,
ters, for a few months, to school.
$31.50 in advance will pay for board, room rent and tuitio.i for a term of
$37 bo in advance will pay for board,
$45. 00 in advance will pay for board,
$60.00 in advance will pay for board,
twenty weeks. . .
J8 If you are not prepared to pay
and the balance will bearragned to suit
These terms will admit you to all the departments of the Normal Schools,
2.oovyill pay for all your books, and many of our students do not pur
chase a single book. All the students have access to a very excellent library
land if you have any good reference books bring them with you.
Our Business Course is the same as you will find in any commercial school .
We have five fine offices and one College Bank. Our commercial work is ho
arrarjged that we have an actual Business class each term. We have So ac
tive students in the Business department
of the thoroughness of the work and the
$23.00 Life Scholarship in the Business Department.
$20.00 Life Scholarship in clubs of two lrom the same family or neighbor-
Ihood. If you are not advanced in your
private and close instruction. Many
ginning of their studies. We have organized our school especially for those
who desire an education and will take
MONOPOLIZING THE LAND.
The land question in its various
phases promises to become the leading
issue in politics in otuer countries, at
well as in Ireland, at no distant day.
The conuectiou between land distribu
tion and prosperity is strikingly shown
iu the case of England and France. In
the former the laws or primogeniture
aud entale combine to continue a laud
ed class who monopolize the soil; iu the
latter estates are divided equally among
the children, thus tending to small
holdings and peasaut proprietorship.
As a result, chiefly, of these systems we
tiud in England vast estates on which
their owners live in princely manner
surrounded by everything conducive to
pleasure and dig ni tied ease, while thou
sands and hundreds of thousands of
acres are devoted to parks and hunting
grounds, from which tillers of the soil
have gradualy been driveu to swell the
increasing number of the landless, with
the result, according to John Morley's
estimate, that forty-live per cent of the
inhabitants of England who reach the
age ot bixty years become paupers. In
Fiance, on the contrary, where a differ
ent system prevails, the savings of the
peasants' constitute the wealth of the
nation, as strikingly shown in the un
parallelled rapidity of France's recovery
lrom the Franco-Prussian war.
in Scoilaud the same process of mono
polizing the land is going on as iu Eug
iaud, and the gift of priucely domains
to railroads aud the purchases of syndi
cates in the United States tend in the
same direction. One syndicate of
northern capitalists owns a tract of
land in southwestern Louisiana, 101
miles iu length aud 25 miles in breadth
or 1,500,000 acres of land, while nearly
IU,000,OUC acres of the public domaiu
were disposed of last year to settlers,
corporations aud syndicates.
In America, however, there is likely
to In) land enough for all for many
years to come. The thing to guard
again t is the monopolizing of the laud
by syndicates aud corporations and tbe
formation of vast private estates of land
and on this subject the American pe'oj
pie cannot exercise too great caution.
Notwithstanding Mahhunian bogies,
there has always lieen land enough in
the world to support its population, and
there is little doubt but there always
will be enough if a proper jstem of
land ownership and land tilling is adopt
ed. That a limit should be set to in
dividual proprietorship in land has
our Low Rat and this Is Right.
ENTER AT ANY TIME.
why not send your s ns and daugh
room rent and tuiiio for a term of
room rent and tuition for a term of
room rent and tuition fvn a term of
all in advance you can p.iy part down
you. Do not stay away, but come.
now, and this is sufficient evidence
popularity of the course. Satisfac
studies come along. We give you
of our students commence at the be-
pride in making the work to suit you.
Address, W. H. CLEMMONS.
been clearly enough demonstrated in
Kngland and Scotland, aud especially
Ireland. In the latter country alien
landlordism conspires with the land
monopolizing English teudeiicy to pro
duce a state uf all airs that can 'eventual
ly have but one result the withdrawal
of English landlords and and the occu
pation of the soil by Irishman as their
natural birthdght. In no other coun
try of the world is the ahuw of the
principle of land monopoly no fully ex
hibited as in Ireland. Ihe county of
Mayo, for example, in the northwestern
part of the province of Cou naught, has
au area of 177,933 acres, wilh a soil well
adapted to pasturage and funning,
while its land locked harbors and bays
offer every facility for commerce,1 yet
under the system which Ireland ha.i
almost literally starved tor centuries tho
people are to day in a stale of ahjt-ci
poverty. , In Oonnemaia Lord Siigo
has an estate of 40,000 acres, purcha. d
at much less than its value, while Mr.
Mitchell Henry, at Kyhmore, has an
other vast estate of 17,000 acres, pur
chased at 1 per acre, on which ho has
erected a baronial granite castle auI
rents the reclaimed laud at twenty shil
lings an acre.
These are but single instances, and
hundreds of others uiiuht be given in
Ireland, Scotlaud aud England, aud
ul'An A murinn a! IKa WAIF in t K
people ' are being robbed of their in
heritance. But the day of the laud
grabber is drawing to a cloc. The
size of these mortgages on future gene
rations will before long le reduce I in
amount and determined by law. Laud
monopoly is the worst of all monopo
lies in thickly settled countries. Ameri
ca should provide iu time suitable leg
islation on the subject. Ireland, unfor
tunately, has no remedy for her wrongs
but constitutional redress or revolu
tion. Whether England will force her
to choose the latter remains to be seen.
Tincture of camphor or- tincture of
myrrh, added in the proportion of ten
or twelve drops to a glass of water, is
good for rinsing the mouth mornings.
Meeting of Pawnee Co. Alliance.
The next meeting of the couutv alli
ance will be held at Fawnee City, Satur
day, at 1 o'clock p. m. Let all alliance
men try aud be present. The election
of officers will take place at that time.
Yours for the right.
H. L. Yother, Sec.
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