Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 8, 1890)
SY r t
Notice to Subscribers.
Am the easiest aad cheapest means of uoti-
8 ring subscribers of the date of their explra
ons we will mark this notice with a blue or
red pencil, on the date at which their subscrip
tion expires. We will send the paper two
v.eks arter explratien. If not renewed by
that time it will be discontinued.
Notice is hereby given to the twenty
sYm Subordinate Alliances of Red
Willow county that there will be a
meeting of the Alliance relief commit
tee in the opera house in Iodinaola, at
one o'clock p. in., on the following
dates Nor. 8, 15, 22, 29 and Dec. 6th,
189C, for the transaction of important
business. J. F. Black,
OBTINlNu PV-TIR CASTS.
Dow Repifc.i r I :.'.-.
mary Are Sujlil
tit I'ice of Stat
We get our piaster casts of cele
brated s itues and other art work,
from the great museums of the world,
in Rome, Berlin, Paris and London
said the curator of the Corcoran gal
lery to a Washington alar reporter
"la those great institutions perhaps
not more than half a dozen in num'ier
are gathered practical! all of the
important original antiques in exist
ence. The only way in which it is
possible to secure reproductions of
sueh priceless reiics is to obtain per
mission from the authorities in charge
of the museums to take casts. Not
a-lways is such a liberty eas' to secure.
Yon must remember that art works of
the sort are absolutely irreplaceable,
and, inasmuch as there is always some
danger incidental to the making oi
casts, no matter how carefully the
thing is done, you will readily undt ,
s4and bow it is that reluctance is apt
bo be felt in allowing the thing to be
done. Not iufrequeutly it has hap
pened that the taking of a single cast
was permitted, but a repetition of the
process refused, simp!)' because it was
not thought desirable to take any more
chances. There would be no object in
taking a second cast were it not that a
moid wears out after a while and will
not reproduce the original satisfacto
rily. It is a fact that nearly all of the
oasts used in art schools for drawing
from and such purposes are casts made
from casts and not from originals.
Oasts exhibited in galleries, however.
OBght always to bo first-hand, because
the second-hand ones lack the finest
"How do von urocure the casts?"
"We send to firms in the cities I
hare mentioned, which regularly make
a business of supplying things of th
sort, having arrangements of confi
dence with the great museums. If it
is a statue from the British Museum
that we want a replica or we are
obliged to send to a dealer named
Brecciani, who is the only person per
niitted to make casts of art objects in
that institution. Brecciani uud the
other dealers in this line of business
publish regular annual catalogue
which they send around to art galleries
and merchants everywhere, price lists
accompanying. According to their
schedules, a bust of Caesar is worth
$150, a fragment of an ancient frieze
the same amount, a reproduction of
the celebrated Disk Thrower' 37, a
caraytid $30, and a whole harpy tomb
$45. The last, of course, is a partic
ularly elaborate piece. When we want
anything in the way of a cast we send
on an order, just as for any other kind
of merchandise. The making of a
cast from a statue is an exceedingly
difficult affair. For the head and face
alone fifty or sixty pieces are required
feo make the mold; the ear will take
twelve pieces. Work is begin, say,
by placing one scrap of moist plaster
of paris over a small section of the
face, taking care not to cover any
more surface than the plaster when
hardened can readily be withdrawn
from without breakiug. When this
piere has become hard it is permitted
to remain sticking to the statue, while
another scrap of plaster is applied to
an adjoining section of surface. In
this way the task slowly progresses
until t he entire statue is covered with
the hard plaster, the bits being sepa
rated from each other by a sort of
shellac on their edges, which prevents
them from sticking together. After
this has been accomplished it only
remains to remove the pieces of plas
ter, which tit together, into the shape
of the desired moid. Probably the
finest collection of antique sculpture
in existence is iu Rome. T.ie drawing
teooks sold for children are designed
by artists of more or less merit and
published by the great stationers."
Mod or n Literary Chances.
The aspirant for literary honors with
pecuniary remuneration should remem
ber that the most famous names in the
literary guild earned their money for
the most part in other than literary
ways. Bryant was an editor and pub
lisher. Longfellow ami Holmes and
Lowell were Harvard professors.
Emerson and Bayard Taylor were
lecturers, and Taylor was also a Trib
une editor. Curtis and Stoddard de
pend upon editorial salaries; Stedman
is a broker, and Halleck was John
Jacob Astor's private secretary. And
ne might go further with this list.
"Whittier began as an editor, and only
in middle life attempted to lean upon
literature alone for a support, which
his early savings and simple habits
made possible. It was always Long
fellow's advice to young men who
wished to be literary to have first, and
mainly a vocation independent of the
finer. If a young writer thinks he
possesses genius he may. of course, ex
periment with it; but it will serve his
purse and peaco of mind better to
-o secure some of iabor and income
that is more philistine and worldly,
and ride his Pegasus only at inspired
intervals. For it is a fact, in spite of
the occasional big figures that are
riven as the results of literary work,
pure and simple, that the men who
prosper or have prospered by that
alone, are only, at any oue time, a few
dozen in number among our sixty-live
millions of . people. Ztritc' Home
There Is abunUaiu c.v.tt cr.
. a m I 1 9
loricai ana pnuoiogiciu. 10 prove
that pronunciation of
ruage known as me iimsi) brogue i
the bestaud purest English known.
BKiut. ; KS.
It wa In the-' mouth of Jnre that
Bright-Eves, the Indian girl, who had
been brought up by the old backwoods
man, Silas Parker, and lita wife, as
their own child, went out into the woods
to gather blueberries. v
There had been a lire in the woods
that winter, and where it ran the
berries grew thick. When Bright-
Ej-es had tilled her paiJs she would
walk down, into the village and go call
ing from house to house, "Berries,
blueberries! who wants nice blue
berries?"5 until she had disposed of them
all. And what with the berries and
sassafras bark, which she sold to the
druggist, and wintergreen and cala
mis root, and nuts in autumn, and
her little bead-work-bags, there wa3
alwavs enough to put bv to buv Bright-
Eves her grav calico frocks, shoes for
her pretty feet, tarn for her stockings.
and those little still straw hats, which
she trimmed with the gray wings of the
birds that Father Parker shot at times.
Bright-eyes was very independent, and
fonder of giving than receiving.
To-day, the berries being so thick,
e had a great harvest, and high noon
had come and it was time that she
went home, tidied herself, and went
down to the village to be in time for
the housekeepers who wanted berries
for tea; when, as she gathered
up her pails, slinging them to a sort of
yoke she placed upon her neck, she
heard a groan hard by, and after some
search found a man lying among the
underbrush, bleeding from a terrible
wound in his shoulder and apparently
near his eud. -
The first thing Bright-Eyes did was
to stanch the wound as well as she
could, with certain herbs of which she
knew, and bind it with her apron; the
next to go for aid.
In a little time the old woodsman
and his men arrived, and together they
bore the wounded stranger to their
home. The rough, self-taught surgeon
of the place attended him; the bullet
was extracted, the fever allayed.
That the man had accidentally shot
himself had been self-evident from the
first and it was certain that had not
Bright-Eyes found him in the woods he
would have bled to death in a very
He seemed grateful, and not averse
to expressing his feelings.
"Old Parker, as he expressed it, "took
a shine to him."
"Though he's a city chap and a
college fellow," he said, "he don't put
on no frills."
The name he gave them was Charles
Graham, and he would gladly have
compensated his host for all the trouble
and expense ho had been at. but that
in the far west, at that date, the
thought of receiving payment for sucn
things was never entertained.
' "Stay as long as you like; we're glad
to have you," old Parker said, and
That Bright-Ey.es was the attraction,,
was soon very evident.
More than one man of the place had
married an Indian girl, and Bright
Eyes was a Christian and went to the
little church on Sunday, and wore the
dress and had the ways of white
Moreover, she was beautiful. No one
wondered at bis fancy. .
The. girl gave him her whole heart
and soul; and when in the autumn he
went away, he slipped a brigiit ring
with a jewel in it upon the girl's finger,
"Before the snow falls I will return
and marry .you."
He left also many presents. Stuffs "
more costly than Bright-Eyes had ever
wofn. and the girl set to work to fash
ion them 'into garments which she
should wear when she was his wife.
But the snows came and he returned
not; nor did any message come from
And people began to whisper when
they spoke of the Indian g'rl, and to
say that all the teaching on earth
would not change a savage; at last
Bright-Eyes held iu her arms a little
dark-skinned babe, with its white
father's features and its Indian mother's
The old people were not cruel to her.
They did not drive her forth. But
one morning they awoke to find her
I will not stay to disgrace you"
she had written on a piece of paper
pinned to her pillow. "You have been
very good to me. Good-by."
As for Charles Graham, he had bv
this time almost forgotten the prettj'
IndiaD girl who had amused him that
junimer in the woods, and thought tier
kindness well paid for in the silk
dresses and the handful of triukets he
had given her.
bometimes he said to himself: "She
was a pretty creature!" and laughed
a iittie. j.nac was an.
But to every man one true love comes
t last, it was not long before Charles
Graham met his fate! One of his own
race, a lady, beautiful and attractive,
who gave her heart to him, and whom
He was very happy with his Mar
garet, and for her sake resolved to live
a better Hie. J? or her sake also, ne de
sired to be rich.
It was loug ago. The spirit of emi
gration was abroad at that time. From
the eastern states thousands weotiortn
to the far west in search of fortune.
Broad, fertile lands were reads' for
them. Cities yet unbuilt were marked
upon great maps. With energy every
man could prosper, it was said.
Fired with this idea Charles Graham
and his bride joined the throng. The
journej was neither easy nor pleasant
but they were full of hope, and the
merriest of the long, caravan-like pro
cession, with its covered wagons.
mounted men. and led horses, that day
by day went farther and farther west
ward. At last one evening they found them
selves upou the verge of an Indian
settlement, and though the very name
of Indian was associated in the miud of
the white settler with treachery, the
signs were all propitious. The gray
haired chiefs came forth to meet them.
The squaws offered them corn and fish
and fruit. The musio of. reed-fiutes
and of laughter tilled the Tillage as the
moon arose. All seemed to speak of
peace and plenty. .
Weary with long, sojonrn in the
wajeon Charles Grahaai'a wife reclined
upon a blanket spread under some
great trees, and her husband sat be
side her. A little half-breed boy who
bad been playing at his mother's knee
came running to her. and she took him
in her arms and kissed him. As she
did so the mother approached and
stood looking down upon them. She
wore a blanket, and. with it 'seemed, to
shield her face, either iu modesty or
shyness. B it she made friend1,
gestures, and a boy to whom she
InjcWoned interpreted what she said to
"She asks the white squaw who loves
her little bov to sleeu in her tent to
night, and to eat first of her food in its
Margaret Graham was delighted with
"Come," she said to her husband, "it
will be something to remember in the
They arose and followed the woman
to the tent.
Within its shelter a feast was spread.
The viands were tempting and the
great calibashes were filled with a
delicately flavored drink. This the
woman, 'still veiling her face, pressed
upon Charles Graham. He drank
rather to gratify her than because he
liked it, and soon a drowsy feeling
stole over him, his hands dropped to
his sides, and he slumbered.
Hour after hour passed in oblivion.
But at last a restful ness began to fall
upon him; strange visions passed
athwart his brain scenes of his early
youth, faces forgotten for years, and
for the first time in his life he dreamed
of Bright-Eves, the Indian girl who had
saved his life and loved him there in
the old woodman's home among the
She stood before him, smiling into
his face. He slipped a shining ring on
her brown linger.
"Before the snow falls I will come
back to marry you," he said.
"Come soon; come soon," she an
swered, "for you are my all;, my 'life,
my soul, mv everything."
With these words in his ears Charles
Graham awoke, and, sitting up, gazed
The light of dawn was struggling
through an aperture of the tent, the
remnants of the feast lay before him.
Beside him on the rug lay his wife.
closely wrapped in a blanket.
How still she lay? He did not wish
to disturb her. but she was so motion
less that she alarmed him.
He put forth his hand she did not
stir. He flung back the blanket from
her face she lay before him, dead. A
great wound in her bosom, her face
gashed in many places, and scalped.
and tied by a thong to her. neck was
a ring with a bright stone in it. and a
piece of paper on which was written:
fco I return it to you. An Indian woman
can revenae herself. I have jrone where yoo
cannot find me. BRIGHT-EYES.'
ihere were strong, desperate men
among those emigrants. ,. As they
listened to the hideous tale their com
rade told, wrath took possession ol
them. They pur no faith In the pro
testations of sorrow made by the In
dians, and thev were many and well
Before nightfall there remained ol
that peaceful little village nothing bul
a heap of ashes, among which lay the
bodies of its men, women, and child
ren. Tiie massacre was complete
Several emigrants were wounded, bul
only one killed outright it was Charles
Thev found him gashed with wounds,
Iving beside the body of his murdered
wife. There they buried them, heap
log the stones high above the grave,
t and left them sadly
it was a dav no man cared to re
member. But later, when the moon
was risen, there came to the spot an
Indian woman, with a half-breed chih
iu her arms. In her eyes were n
tears of pity or of sorrow." She stoppei
before the cairn of stones, andspurue
it with her foot.
"So perish all betrayers." she mut
tereu, and taking her uov upon hei
shoulders, stalked awav across th
prairie. Family Story taper.
One Masher Probably Cured.
Two Boston women who" saw tin
sights of the metropolis alone dast
week used with good ettect a weapou
which had proved eP.icaeious in dealing
with the mashers of the Hub. Oue of
them carried a parasol with a long and
strong handle, which ended in a point
almost as sharp as a brad awl. She
found early occasion to use it in
train on Third avenue. She and, her
companion occupied a cross seat, and
the double seat opposite was soon
taken by one of the most offeusive of
the masher tribe. Not satisfied with
staring impudently at the ladies ne
presentlv attempted to insinuate his
foot between the feet of the one carry
ing the parasol. Apparently by acci
dent, she brought the point of her
parasol down smartly upon the fellow's
foot. He gave an involuntary ex
clamation of pain and withdrew to the
end of the seat ooposite the other lady.
The lesson seems not to have been
severe enough, for a few minutes later
he insulted her in the same manner.
This time he was punished in earnest.
The woman carrying the parasol
watched him, and suddenly leaning
over to look out of the window
she jabbed the brad and point into Mie
fellow s mstepand gave it a qu'ck turn
before he could draw his foot away,
The man cried out with pain, jumped
to his feet and limped out of the car.
The passengers could not understand
his actions, and the iady with the
parasol looked as much surprised as
anybody. N. T. Sun.
A Deserved Rebuke.
The ladv was young, and her school
was a district school across the river;
she was drawing a salary of SbU a
month. A piano tuner was traveliu
in that particular district, lor sev
eral days he made ineffectual attempts
to engage the interest of the school
mistress. The business of having the
organ tuned she left'entirely to her
parents, aud the young exquisite felt
as though he was left ut in the cold.
so he asked her one dav:
Why is it that so many school teach
ers are old ma ids?
With perfect sang freid she replied
"Because we Uo not eare to give up
a $b0 salary for a $U man." .
HE BLEW T'J J MILLIONS.
Yoi)ff Mr. UobriK4 Intmrtnnr.r Wnt
the Rat t.f aiW.n n Ynr
Early in the. spring of 1888 tlwre was
a fashionable wedding in v .asnrngron.
The contracting parties were Mr.
Alexander H. Roberts of Philadelphia
and Mis9 Marv Mott of this city.
Neither of the parties was of age at the
time, and much comment was made in
regard to the wedding. It was known,
however, that the groom wonld come
in possession of a large . estate, and
everybody thought Miss Mott was mak
ing a lucky catch. It V was A case f
love at first sight, and a marriage
would have followed at a month's no
tice but for the fact that Mr, Roberts
was not in financial condition to under
take the maintenance of a household.
At the time Miss Mott was a singer in
the choir of a well-known church here.
Shortly after the wedding, and when
Eolerts became of age. he "came into
possession of $2,000,000. This money
had been amassed by his father through
luckv oil speculations in Pennsylvania.
On the strength of this inheritance Mr.
and Mrs. Koberts indulged in a Euro
pean trip, and upou their return spent
several months at a fashionable hotel
in this city. Later they took up th'sir
residence 'in Philadelphia, where they
lived in style. Roberts had a trotting
stable, a steam yacht,a pack of hounds,
and suddenly developed sporting pro
clivities. He seemed to take a special
liking to prize fighters, and went so
far as to make tuem welcome to his
own home. He would throw the wine
cellar open and entertain them in royal
shape. These men would on these oc
casions gorge themselves with drink.
and frequently there was a rough-aud-
tumble hght. On one particular even
ing there was an eleven-round fight in
the parlor, and the facts at the time
were wired all over the country. Un
this occasion much of the valuable
furniture .was demolished, and Alex
ander Roberts, in a bout with an out
sider, received injuries which confined
him to his room for some time. I he
innocent vouug wife naturally took ex
ceptions to the manner in which she
was being exposed in public, regard less
of the fact that her every desire, from
a pecuniary point of view, was granted.
She protested, and within a year they
Koberts has proven his ability as a
spend-thrift.for within the short period
of two years he almost completely ex
hausted his large fortune. He lelt
Philadelphia, went. West, and located
in Denver. Col. On Monday Mrs.
Uoberts filled a bill in the Denver
court for divorce. She alleges.1 that it
has become impossible for her to live
with him on account of his -alleged
drinking habits. She also alleges, in
her complaint, that the most of her
husband's rnon'er is gone, and- unless
restrained, he will very soon" make
way with all of it. Washington, Critic
Facts Worth Knowing.
Sotfits of turpentine will take' greasi
or drops of paint out of cloth. Appl
it till the paint can be scraped oil.
Tar cau easily be removed frore
clothing by immediately rubbing it
well with clean lard, and then washing
out with warm water and soap.
If soot be dropped upon the carpet.
throw upon itan equal quantity of salt.
and sweep ah uo together. Ihere will
be scarcelv a trace of soot left.
Turpentine and black varuish is the
blacking used bv hardware dealers foi
protecting stoves from rnst. If pul
on properly it will last through thf
Put French chalk or magnesia on
silk or ribbon that has become
and hold it near the fire. This, will
absorb the grease so it may brushed
Iron rust may be removed from
marble by taking one part of nitric
acid to 25 parts of water, and applying
it carefully to the spots, liinse oil with
ammonia and water.
To make good mucilage without
using gum arabic, take two parts of
dextrine, five parts of water and one
part of acetic acid. Dissolve by heat
ing, and add one pari or alcohol.
For solder, take a mixture of two
parts of tin to one part of lead. For a
soldering fluid, dissolve zinc in muriatic
acid, then add a little sal-ammoniac,
and dilute it ith a little water.
To clean marble, mix whiting with
eommoo soap. till thick as paste. Spread
it on the marble and leave it for a
couple of days. When the paste i
cleaned off the stains will also be re
A carpet, especially a dark one.
often looks dusty directly after sweep
ing. Wring a sponge almost dry out
of water, and wipe off the dust from
the carpet. It will brighten it quite
this is the way they clean and reno
vate furs in Russia: Some rye flout
is put into a pan upon the stove and
heated, stirring constantly with the
hand, so long as the heat can be
borne. Then spread the flour all over
the fur, rubbing it in well; then brush
it gently with a clean brush, or beat it
softly, till all the flour is removed. It
is claimed that this method will make
the fur appear almost or quite like
new. Good Housekeeping.
Chapped hands are an especial
source of annovance to many persons
during cold weather. Homely as the
remedy mav seem, there is nrobablv
nothing better or more effective than a
simple rubbing with pure mutton
ta htur f Inn nxrt nF cr rnrin to rwfl
parts of soft water, with a few drops
of rose water added.' will be found
rery useful; so will vaseline or either
of the following recipes:
One uram of borax, six ounces oi
rose water, and one ounce of glycerine.
Une ounce of glycerine and one
ouce of alcohol, mix together, then add
eight ounces of rose water; bottle for
Liquor ammoniac tincture of opium.
spirits of turpentine, and olive oil.
equal parts of each. After washius
aud drying the hands in the morning.
at miuuay ana in the evening, pour a
leaspoounw or tne liniment in one
hand, and rub th hands and fingers
together as if washing them. Repeat
the process with the other hand. II
the sore parts smart tod much, the
liniment should have a litt e sweet oil
svidvd to u. Good ihitsekeetAng.
NOV. 8, 1890.
HARDLY A CSIN POINT,
H.rlcfl L" lT A'i' ! Inftfncs
1 h re was a
on of our iu!
did nt go far
fii!ny incident om in
IN-citial suburbs which
;o help ..the. christian
st-it'Vce doctrmi". says the ttosion irun
script. The occurrence was in this
A prominent exiMn.ilress of the
doHrhi" of christian science was in-,
viP'd by a number of ladies in one of
the suburbs w ho had become interested
in the-e doctrines and wanted an
authoritative exwition of them to
r;.ie out and talk on the subject. She
came and began her address iu a small
Ladies." she said. 'I wish to im
pres upon your minds the fact ' that
m thing exists as it appears to u to
exist. All matter is unreal; it is a de
hrdou, a hallucination. Nothing is
matter all is miudi And this truth
dots not apply merely to what is called
disease aud its phenomena. The more
ordinary things about us are as much
hallucinations, as so-called disease. I
will give an illustration.'
"Yesterday I was eugaged in house
work, and I had occasion to cut up and
prepare :i number of quinces. Now,
you all know how terribly quinces are
supposed to stain and blacken the
hands. For days and days, under the
old thought. I have worn upon my
fingers the dark stains made by paring
quinces. Well, as I worked over these
quinces yesterday, paring, quartering
handling them. I" thought: 'How fool
ish, now to suppose that these unreal,
unsubstantial. non-existiug things
should stain my hands!' and I resolved
that they should not stain my hands,
and that I would not look at my fingers
until my work was over and then
would find them perfectly clean. Well,
ladies, not only did I par; and quarter
those auinces. but after I had com
pleted them I had occasion to cut and
prepare a number or tomatoes, ana
you know how dreadful they are sup
posed to be. I pared my tomatoes,
cut them and sliced them, handling
them freely all the time; when I was all
done with "both 1 rinsed my hands and
looked at them, and they were per
fectly clean and white, with not a
tain upon them."
When the "scientist" had reached
the stage of the tomatoes the women of
the audience began to look wondering.
ly and significantly at one another, and
when she announced the miracle hand
kerchiefs were stuITed into mouths all
over the little hall, and chests were
heaving with suppressed laughter. Be
ing in considerable part housewives.
the ladies knew that in the nature of
mere material things the juice of to
matoes will wash away and utterly re
move the stain of any other fruit what
soever, and that after cutting up to:
matoes not a vestige of the quince
stain could have been left upon .the
woman s hands, christian science or no
We mty commence by asking, what
in this summum bonum of existence
vhich all mankind so strive to attainP
STn two answers -would be the same.
tiv manv it is regarded as a phantom
which, though constantly pursued.
'ver alludes our grasp.
Yot nnt such i Rousseau's definition
of hanniness. which takes a more sub
stantial form, it being "a good bank
account, a good book and a good di
gestion." Let us hasten to contrast his selfish
egotism by quoting a passage from
Good's "Book of .Nature:" "JNo one
can be haoov without exercising the
virtue of a cheerful industry or ac
nvitv. No one can lay claim to hap-
Diness without purity, without teni
pent nee. without self-command, and
consequently fortitude: and let me
add. without a liberal and forgiving
Alas, felicity would be indeed a
myth were only the possessors of those
Christian graces to be the recipients!
Yet it is consolatory to be told that
much of this charm lies in the pleasure
of retrospection. We may turn to a
nare of Sidney Smith, who says:
"Mankind ure alwavs happier from
having been so; therefore, if you make
them happy now, in twenty years hence
they will be happv by ity memory
With a like thought, but with less
concentration, as was his great nature,
wrote Charles Dickens: "In the most
chequered life there are so many little
rays of sunshine to look back upon that
I do not believe any mortal, uuless he
has put himself out of the pale of hope,
would deliberately drain a goblet of
the waters of Lethe, even if he had it
in his power."
Upon this subject it is amusing to
note te varied ideas of the sages "and
philosophers; some, with treason to
this sweetest gift of life, transient
though it be. contend that there is no
such thinsr as haouiness it being but
C7 - "
It never actually existed in Eden,
suggests one cynic, or our great pro
genitors, content in their beatitude,
wonld have disregarded that fatal
fruit; while another morbidly affirms.
"Hunting after a lost sheep in tae
wilderness. When you fiod it the
chances are that it is a skeleton."
Nathanial Hawthorne's Jew words
shall conclude our citations. Terse
and unique as ever, yet what a depth
oi tnougut lies in mis onei aeuience;
'There is something more awful in
happiness than in sorrow the latter
oeiug eartniy ana none, me iormer
composed of the substance and texture
I OI eiemitV SO mat. 8 pil'llS Still wui-
bodied may not tremble at it."
Cost of a Head of Hair.
A fine head of virgin-gold colored
hair will br ng from $200 to foUU., ac
cording to its length and 'luxuriance.
aud to those who have it and are anx
ious to convert it into hard cash.it may
be pleasing to hear that there are ord
ers in advance for all that can be pro-
iiif...! f this description for the next
five years. Chatter.
No Ijashlnjr Allowed.
There is a large farm
in which there is only
one old whip
ind that is not used. The owner will
not permit the whip la be used on any
tf the stock, an 4 the farm does well
ind the animals work with ft will with
ml feeling the
, PYCMY RACES.
Stanley's VTnbiti, ttt Hottentots
Ituohmno, nml Utrly Hrfton.
Not the least interesting of the d is-
coveries maie uy Air. otaniev on nis
latest expedition, says the (JnUkm.in'
Magazine, is that f the Wambetti
the dwarf tribe living between the
Upptr Aruhwimi and the Nepoko. It
has' loug been a well-known fact that
ihe Py giuies of Homer, Herodotus and
Ktesiiis those of whom Plinv steaks
as -dwelling amo'ng the marshes
where the Nile rises" are something
more than mere mythical beings; and
almost every exploration of any impor
tance undertaken of late years has
thrown fresh light on the existence of
a primitive Africau race, of whom the
Wambetti are in all probability one ot
many fragments, scattered through
central and southern Africa.
The tribes usually designated dwarfs
or pygmies are numerous, oeariug a
marked resemblance to each other, aud
showing a marked difference from the
people among whom tuey are scat
tered. Their surest and most perma
nent characteristic is their hair, which
is woolly, but instead of being, as in
the negro, eveuly distributed over the
scalp, grows in' small tufts. This
appearance, according to Prof. Vir-
chow, is not due to the tact that the
hair grows ou some spots and not on
others, but to a peculiarity in the text
ure of the hair itself, which causes it
to roll naturally into closely curled.
cim-.il lnpi-4 l:iviritr thn inl Rrvemnc
pieces of scalp bare.
The name ol awaris, applied ov
some to these people, has been objected
to as implying deformity or arrest.)
growth, and therefore conveying a
ong impression. Nothing of the
kind can be said of the African Pyg
mies, who. though of short stature,
are well shaped people of perfect nor
The section of the Pygmy race with
which Europeans have come most in
contact is the Hottentots and Bush
men. The former call themselves
"Khoi-Khoi," Hottentots being merely
a ntcKuanie given iy eariy uutcn sei
tiers, who declared that the natives
spoke an unintelligible language, con
sisting only of sounds like hot and tot.
That keen observer. Moffat t, as long
ago as the first decade of this centur'.
noticed the distinct and peculiar char
acteristics of the Iloiteiaots. and rec
ognized their racial identity with the
Surveying the Pygmy race as a
whole,- we find' them -shorn of the
mythical ami magical glamor with
which distance and mystery had in
vested them not so erv di Here nt.
after all, from other human beings.
but still -sufficiently interesting. JSTo
wen auineuueaieu auu.i seems to oe
much less than 4 feel 6 inches; while
Dr. Petermann thinks; that the Pyg
mies, on the whole, run about a head
shorter than the average negro.
I can not attempt to deal with the
origin of the Pygmy race, or its rela
tionship to the Audamese and llio
Veudahs of Ceylon, who are said to
have some characteristics in common
with the Pygmies. But it seems clear
that they were once -spread over a
great part, if not the whole, of the
continent; that they were broken up and
partially exterminated b the advent
f the stronger dark races; and that,
.1 I A
as a race, tnev are passing away, it
is interesting to look at an analogous
case in Europe. A race of small stat
ure, light Irame aud comparatively
low type, scarcely, if at all, advanced
beyond the hunter stage, occupied the
British island- and the northwestern
part of the continent. They were
partly massacred or enslaved, partly
tnven into the mountains, by their
Keltic conquerors; and in the lonely
recesses of the hills and woods what
with their weakness and their strength,
their cunning and their skill in metals.
their music and their underground
dwellings, and their uncanny wisdom
a growth of legend and poetry sprang
up about them, till they w ere no longer
known save as elves, gnomes, strolls or
Good People," whom one dared not
Merely a Machine.
An indnstry ot great magnitude in
Japan is silk culture. The silk worm
is "educated to such a degree that it
becomes a mere machine, and its life
must be a burden to it. It lays its
eggs in rows on cards; it spins its
cocoon to order and finally dies when
required. Silk worm eggs are white
and about the size of the head of a
large pin, and they are sold on cards
like buttons! These egg cards may be
kept all winter long without harm to
them and hatched out in the warm
months. The young worm is an ex
ceedingly minute and delicate animal.
and the mulberry leaves adopted for
its food have to be chopped up as one
as possible. As the worm grows older
the leaves are not chopped finely until.
when it is full grown, it is allowed to
enjov a whole mulberry leaf intact.
Ihis life of dissioation is too much
for it, and with a little encouragement
it seeks the solitude of its cocoon. The
cocoons arc then thrown into hot
water, which kills the larva and dis
solves the mucilaginous matter that
keeps the cocoon together. A silk
worker aeiuv turns the eud, ana in a
few moments the poor worm's home is
about forty vards .of silk fiber on a
reel. A few of the larvte are allowed
to come to maturity for the sake of
breeding purposes and the eggs. To
get out they break a hole through the
eocoons. Such cocoons are called
pierced, and from ihem an inferior
quality of silk is made.
People Who Call in "Half an Hour..
The man who was hurrying into thl
hatters Thursday was on business
He wanted his old hat. "When did yor
leave it heri-P" "I dunno," was the
reply. They hunted over a treat
pyramid of hats and found it, labeled
July 2. When he went out the battel
said: ''That man bought a new hal
here, and when he went out said thai
be would eall for it iu half an hour. It
has now been four weeks. We throw
awy 700 or 800 old hats every year.fot
which the owners were going to cal
"in half an hour." Ltwiston , (JUe.
A Howell. Miss., bov. fourteen rear
of age, has been HMiteiieod to prison lot
ttorse steal in r.
EFFtCIS OF SLANG.
Oaty 8,000 tn 4,000 Words Bmplo4 la
Ordinary Amrloaa 8pacu.
A writer who has made the nse of
words a thoughtful si tidy estimates
tlmt the ordinary American employs
from 3,000 to 4,1)00 English words in
rdinary rpeecb. When it is consid
ered, says the Philadelphia Builcitn,
how numerous are the things in the
house, store, in the street, in church.
and all about us, all of which have
names, which we make use of con
tinually, and what perpetual motwn
we see ana spea or iu the lorm oi
verbs, and the prepositions and con
junctions we have to use to make the
tilings properly reiaieu, anu ma quan
ties we have to describe with adjective
and adverbs, and other parts of sjeech
necessary to complete sentences, we
behold how limited Is the generalao
quaintanceship with the language ol
which the root-word alone, as com
piled by Webster, number 114.000 Irre
spective of proper nouns or names of
And it Is one of the noticeable fea
tures of a fancy, habit, "fad." or fa-h-ion
of our civilization, existing as well
in the fairly educated as among the
illiterate and ignorant, that the popu-
lar spoken vocabulary Is growing con
tinually less on account of an increas
ing tendency to generalize qualities
and characteristics In pat or pet words
which are among the "stylish men
and women considered en regie, and
among the no less ambitious but not
so well edncated classes deemed evi
dence of proper familiarty with the
daily march of events and the customs
of speech, the continual use and reitera
tion of slangy words that are "all the
go" and constitute the badge of proper
With the smart young misses every
thing that is beautiful, sweet.delicious,
melodious, resplendent, soft, and win
ning, whatever pleases to excess the
eyes, ears, taste, tone:!, or smell, if
"lovely." Whatever is ugly, distorted,
jarring, unsymnictrical, uncouth, dis
cordant, and generally unpleasant to
the eye. taste, touch, or smell, is "hor
rid." The man about town, the swell
of the parlor, the clerk in the store.
the alert man of business, the critical
attendant on the art gallery, and
the habitual theater-goer characterize
equally the slow, the deliberate, the
careful, the plainly dressed, the pious.
the plain-spolcen. the steady-going, the
painstaking individual as "fresh,
while the quick-witted, the alert, the
tricky, the volatile, the gaseous, the
oratorical, the romancer, and the jo
cose are alike spoken of in a sort of
deprecatory sarcasm as "funny." So
also a man who has audacity, as well as
one who is self-assertive and strenous
or his rights, is equally said to be
possessed of "gall." And thus isolated
words used frequently to express the
widest range of qualities, habits, or
characteristics have come into voirue
as uec ssary essentials or credentials
to admission iuto the vanguard of pro
gressive Americanism, to the curtail
ment of the talking vocabulary aud the
narrowing of ideas. -
The difference in the meaning of.
words is thus lost or become obsolete,
aud with the disappearance of the
vord to express exactly the Quality or
characteristic intended there follows
an obtuseness of discerment, a con
fusion of thought, and an obvious pau
city and shrinking of ideas. Inde
pendently there! on; of the bad taste of
;ing slang words and expressions.
they are making our people poor in
tellectually and less able colloquially
to hold their own among the other iLn-
glish-speaking people of the globe.
Give the Hoy a Chance.
We mean your boy, the little
you left at home this morn
n g when
vou started for the store or oince.
Don't forget he has wants, a real and
tangible to him as yours to you.
Remember he is no more a born
saint than you were. And if 3'OU just
reflect a little you will lo ashamed to
think how far from it you were. Don't
forget him as soon as his "good-by
apa fades away behind you. Didn t
je ask you for something? a j.icknife
or a hammer or a new slate or some
pencils or something or other? If vou
love your boy and wish to show him
that you do you might better forget a
business appointment down town than
forget his request.
If he asks you for something yonr
better judgment says he should not
have, don't be content with simply
ignoring the boy's wish, but take the
time and trouble to explain your
reasons. Boys, even pretty little ones.
are quicker than you may think to see
a point. Always give a reason for re
fusal of his request, even if it is the
one you too often give, that you can't
afford it. And be careful bow you
give that reason.
It be has lost or broken his Jacknire,
and asks you for a new one, don't
scold him. Albeit you may give him a
little lesson in carefulness, but don't
tell him you can't afford to give him
ten cents for a new one and theu before
you leave the house pull out jour cigar
case and light a ten-cent cigar.
The boy will be drawing invidious
distinctions before you know it.
Flax-Growing In the Northwest.
It is stated, on the whole, with the
utmost positiveness, that every form
and branch of the flax industry can be
carried on here with a high degree of
success and profit. We can grow the
plant, can save the seed, can preserve
and prepare the fiber, and can bleach
the product as well as it can be done
elsewhere except, possibly, in a few
favored localities devoted to the manu
facture of tine linens. But it seems
reasonable to believe, in the light of
what has been ascertained, that all the
coarser forms of 1 nen products can be
made successfully at home from the
domestic product. This is most' im
portant to Minnesota aud the Dakota.
y here the crop of flax, raised for the
seed alone, is large and growing. It
gives, too, a strong probability of suc
cess to the proposed plan of introduc
ing toe manufacture of binding twin
in the btate prison, ihe probabilit
U that, withiu a few years, we sha
bad eursnlves iu full possession of a
new, exteasiye, mid licrative form ol
industry. hi. I '.. . . u. . k r l 'rcss.
Powered by Open ONI