Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 6, 1890)
Having invested in Goods alone over $100,000; TM
Hardware Store will Invoice inside of One Month, when they will be Found at 1532 to 1538 O Street
With an Immense Department Store Second to None in the State,- Owned, Controlled and Managed' by One Firm.
LOOK AT THESE FIGURES, .
Then Call at Our New Place, with Five Floors, each 50x143 feet, fitted with Steam Passenger and Freight Elevator, the finest Cash and Package
Carrier System made. Our stock will be about this way.
93Q S,000 IKT lESL JJEJLlTUU'JSsL.JEILliil, $2 5,000
$15,000 IN FURNITURE! 815,000 IN 1)11 Y G OODS! $15,000 IN BOOTS AND SHOES!
$10,000 IN GROCERIES! $5,000 IN CEOTIIING! $5,000 IN HATS AND CAPS!
$10,000 IN STOVES AND FURNACES! $5,000 IN GUNS, AMUNTTION AND SPORTING GOODS!
Arid will do all that Good, First-Class Goods and Low Prices can do to merit the same. Remember you can buy ANYTHING in Our Department Store to wear
from the Sole of Your Feet to the Crown of Your Head for Men, Women and Children. Stoves from a $3 Heater to a $200 Hotel Range, or a $300 Furnace. Sporting
Goods from a $1 Revolver to a $300 Hammerless Shot Gun, and from a 5 cent Pocket Handkerchief to a Bolt of Muslin, and from a 25 cent Chair to a $200 Bedroom
Set. Groceries from a pound or pint to barrels of sugar or syrup. Shoes from a lQ.cent Slipper to the Finest Ladies' and Gents' Sewed Shoes made. Hats from
a 10 ceot Straw to the Finest Silk. From a pound of Nails and Wire to a car load. Door Locks 15 cents to $5. Horse Shoes and Nails.
Tin and Sheet Iron Work a Specialty. Send us your orders for anything and you will get it at the Very Lowest cash price.
Remember the Place: After September 15thf 1890, 1532 to 1538 O Street.
ONLY THREE HUNDRED MEMBERS.
New Anti-Strike Order of Railway
Conductors Is Not Flourishing.
The new Independent Order of Rail
way Conductors completed its organiza
tion yesterday at the Coleman house. A
noticeable change from the old order
waa the substitution of "president" for
"grand chief conductor," and several
other changes were made to indicate that
the organization is not a labor organiza
tion. Only three divisions were represented
yesterday out of over fifty that revolted
from the old Order of Railway Conduct
ors at the Rochester convention because
they were opposed to strikes. The east
ern men haven't rallied around the new
standard as fast as Mr. Wheaton prob
Mr. Wheaton was very indefinite about
the date when they expect others to join.
He says that they have 300 members to
One of the complaints against the old
order, with its 15,000 members, was that
it was nearly always in debt on account
of the big salary list. How will the new
association get along, and support an in
surance department, too, is a question
that has been much discussed by con
ductors who are timid about joining.
It doesn't hope for a membership of more
than 2,000, and it will do well if it gets
1,000. Mr. Wheaton used to draw $5,000
in the Order of Railway Conductors;
Grand Secretary Daniels $3,000, and
other salaried officers swelled the annual
expenses to over $12,000.
Mr. Wheaton said yesterday that they
haven't established any salaried offices
yet they will wait until the member
ship warrants it. They allow the execu
tive committee its expenses. Mr. Wheat
on has no other business that he can
depend on, but the vice president and
secretary, Mr. Nash, is a train dispatch
er for the Central Vermont railroad. I .
The membership fee is $10, and for 300
members this would give $3000 to' begin
with. The yearly grand division fee is
$3 per capita, but the membership fee
for each division has not been fixed yet,
probably because the three divisions
which constitute the new order have
been taxed enough to start out with. In
the old order it is $4 apiece.
The insurance plan is a tax of $1 per
capita at each death or disability, the
beneficiary not to get more than $1,000.
He would get $300 at present. The rit
ual states that the association is for so
cial and insurance purposes. The next
meeting will be at St. Albans in June,
1891. New York Sun.
The General Union Workers' associa
tion of Hudson county, N. J., has de
oided to pay strike, lock out, out of work
and sick and funeral benefits hereafter.
The Nationalists and Socialists of New
York city willwork together in the fall
election. . . ;
District Assembly No. 1, the banner
organization of the Philadelphia Knights
of Labor, which had 60,000 members in
1886, has dwindled down, according to
the statistics of the United Labor league,
in which D. A. Na 1 is represented, to
to 1,159 members today - s , .
' The strike of the London postmen was
of short duration and a failure. Cause:
k Pressure from non-union element. ''
The government eight hour bill was
favorably reported by the committee on
The labor unions and farmers' organi
zation have formed a sort of go-as-you-please
federation. The unions are not
eager to support the political movement
of the farmers. -
The London policemen said they could
get along in their strike without the as
sistance of the labor meri. They got a
long ways from success. The bobbies
now know how it is themselves.
Seven actors, employed at Vacca's
West End Pavilion at Coney Island,
struck against a reduction in salaries and
a demand for more work.
The Chicago trades assembly refused
to financially assist the striking cloak
makers because their union is not at
tached to the assembly.
A committee is now actively engaged
in securing subscriptions for a stock
company to erect a building for the
Knights of Labor in St. Louis. .
John Devlin, member of the general ex
ecutive board of the Knights of Labor,,
says there are 119 locals of molders in the
United States, with a membership of
about 14,000. The number of members
in the order generally has increased
since the last general assemmv about
, "It is a most dangerous precedent to
establish to let the workingmen know
there is one law for the rich and another
law for the poor.'" Judge Martine of
A communication from the Rochester
trades assembly states that a boycott
had been placed upon the Co-operative
Foundry company of that city, for the
reason that through advertising it lias
scoured the country for scabs and cheap
labor and has been partially successful.
Helping: the Coopers.
The Central labor union of Buffalo has
had prepared and presented to the city
.council the following ordinance:
"Chapter 44. The city of Buffalo, by
its common council, ordains and enacts
as follows: "
"Section 1., It shall not be lawful for
any person, corporation, .milling, or
manufacturing firm to use at any time
within the limits of the city of Buffalo
any barrels - that have heretofore been
used and emptied for the purpose of fill
ing the same with flour, or packing there
in candies, crackers, articles of prepared
food, or produce which may be used for
food without the process of cooking.
"Sec. 2. This provision shall not apply
to any person, corporation ' or firm refill
ing barrels that have been ,used and
emptied by such person, corporation or
"Sec. 3. .Any. person, corporation, ' Or
firm violating any of thprovision3 of
the first section of this chapter shall for
feit and pay a penalty of not less than
150.". . .
" . Velvet and Rags. '
During, the week 16,000 people who
represent the "intelligence" of the coun
try sailed from New York for Eu
rope. Meanwhile' the men who pro
duced the wealth which enables these
people to take their ease in foreign
countries during the hot weather must
work ten hours or more per day, live on
the barest necessities of ' life and be de
nounced as loud mouthed labor agitat
ors if they object to doing so. Midland
Mechanic, Kansas City, Mo.
FAK3IEKS" ALLIANCE : LINCOLN, NEB.,
Another Co-operative Colony.
Edward Bellamy's dream begins to
assumes tangible proportions to some of
our citizens. During last winter there
was an organization known as the "In
vestigating club" at University Place.
The body met once a week and discussed
the economic nd social topics of the
day. Not a little interest was mani
fested. Among those who participated
in the meeting .were some earnest,
thoughtful men, who had become op
posed to our present competitive system
About a month ago a small circle of
men Ernest B. Gaston, of The South
ern Advocate; C. H. Mershon, E. D.
Smith, W. P. Macy, D. Harrod and J.
P. Meredith, with a few others, all
prominent citizens of that suburb met
to see if they could not devise a plan to
escape what they deemed the serious
evils of the present system, and put in
successful operation the better princi
ples which had crystallized in their
minds as the result of their investigation.
The result has been the organization
of a colony company, with the object of
founding in some favored part of the
country, probably near Lake Charles,
La., a community which shall le as far
as possible complete within itself, and
where what they term the savage and
foolish and wasteful system of competi
tive industry shall give place to the
kindly, rational and . more economic sys
tem of co-operation.
The plan of the new colony is much
like that of the Kaweah Co-operative
colony; of Tulare county, Cal., which
has been, in successful operation for
nearly five years. Des Moines Cor. St.
A National Labor Commission.
Representative Farquhar, of New
York, has introduced in congress a bill
to create a commission to be known as
the United States Commission of the
World's Congress of Labor, to consist of
nine members to be appointed by the
president. It suggests that the presi
dent shall appoint two of these members
from the National Farmers', alliance,
and that the rest shall be named by the
American. Federation of 'Labor and the
Knights of Labor, but no two of tnem
shall be from the same state. These
commissioners shall each receive an an
nual salary of $3,000, and their terms of
office 6hall expire Dec. 81, 1895. It shall
be the duty of the commissioners to dis
cuss labor in all its phases, the relation
of trusts and combinations of. capital to
the industrial problem, and such other
industrial questions as maybe suggested
to them and which they may deem it de
sirable to discuss. The commission is
authorized to invite through the presi
dent delegates of foreign countries to
take, part in the conference.
t Gone Far Enough.
Let the railroad men goon demanding
better protection for brakemen, and let
all other civilized people join with them
in the demand. If animals had to endure
what brakemen had to endure the cruel
ty societies would have the railroad bus
iness in court. But because the animal
happens , to be . a man the killing and
maiming go on and seem to be taken for
granted. ; At the last session of the leg
islature an appeal for the establishment
of a hospital was backed by the fact that
the railroad business had much in
creased, and "therefore" hospital was
necessary. What that sifts down to is
that you must expect the brakeman to
be butchered, and the way to aid them
is to build hospitals for what is left of
them after the "accident." This has
gone on long enough. With all the prog
ress that has been made in the art of
railroading there is no reason why the
brakeman should be left where he was
twenty years ago or rather where his
predecessor was. Twenty yeai's is rather
long to expect one to survive in that in
dustrj Hartford Courant.
Not New but Good.
The editor of The Andover Review
looks eX the eight hour question from a
point of view differing from that usually
taken. Discarding the economic, con
sideration he considers it in a sociologi
cal light. The fewer hours may possi
bly mean less wages, but they bring
advantages of more than compensating
value. To the workman, this writer
maintains, the iLew time is opportunity.
It means a chance for mental culture,
for social advauce, for greater influence
in all directions. The objection that the
time gained may be spent in dissipation
is dismissed as unworthy serious dis
cussion. Experience has. shown that
where a small percentage misuse their
opportunities the great majority know
how to turn them to good account.
The general adoption of the eight hour
day will result in elevating the mass of
workmen from mere mechanical toilers
to thinking workers. The opportunities
for education," discussion and social in
tercourse will inevitably tend to make
them better citizens and better work
men. They will gain, in every way and
the country will be the better for it.
That is a point of view which should not
be lost sight of by workmen or em
ployers in considering the eight hour
problem. It is not simply a question of
work and wages, but one also of mental,
and social improvement. The workman
will.elevate himself in the social scale
by reason of the increased opportunities
which he will knoW how to turn to ac
count, and he will not .look down on his
work because of his" higher social grade.
The work will gain dignity with the
workman. Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The Church and the Laborer.
One thing, is very certain,. There is a
great deal of unrest, the present state of
things is extremely unsatisfactory, not
merely to the commonly called laboring
men, but to'uienof thought, and to many
above any fear of immediate want. And
at .this juncture , if becomes a question
what attitude the church ought to take
with reference to these matters. It can
not "stand aloof, for they touch things in
which it is especially interested, the
rights and happiness and prosperity, of
men and women. .
The questions are largely social and
moral, and the poor man wants the
church to define its position. Even if he
does not go to church he know. enough
of its preaching and pretensions, enough
of the spirit and teaching of its founder
to know that ' it is bound to be against
all oppression and injustice. In his mind
there is more than a suspicion that it is
feebly conservative, and is secretly and
really in alliance with the wealthy, upon
whom it must depend for material sup
port and so he scorns it as false to its
principles and regards it as a thing for
which he has no use. Rev. John K.
Allen, of Tarrytown, N. Y.
SATURDAY, SEPT. 0,
The Way They Do It in France.
It is only since 1884 that trades unions
have been recognized by the French law,
yet the chamber of deputies has now
passed a bill wliich gives them a strong
er legal position than they have ever
claimed in England or America. This
measure, which was carried by a majori
ty of 347 to 150, prohibits, under penalty
of imprisonment for one to three months
and a fine of $50 to .$400, any interference
with the liberty of association by . way
of threats of dismissal or refusal to give
work, collective discharge of unionist
workmen or offers : or promises of em
The right of combination is made an
essential right of all citizens. The in
timidation of union laborers by em
ployers is made as dangerous as the in
timidation of non-union laborers by the
unionists. It seems singular that this
radical legislation should have been en
acted in a country where seven years
ago trades unions were illegal and even
the assembly of more than twenty per
sons without previous authorization was
prohibited. Christian Union.
Cigar Makers' International Union.
The completed report of the above
union is out. Its financial features are
of interest, inasmuch as the C. M. I. U.
is one of the most successful labor organ
izations of the country. Jan. 1, this
year, there was $285,136 on hand This
money is in the possession of the several
unions, but is really the property of all.
During the. year the expenditures were
$246,242. Of this $59,519 went for sick
benefits, $19,175 for death benefits, $43,
540 for traveling expenses, $5,202 for
strikes and $3. 188 in defending the union
label. In eleven years the - union paid
out $1,128,962. of which $426,493 was for
strikes, $328,785 for the sick, $66,738 for
funerals, and $306,944 for traveling mem
bers moving from place to place in search
Los Angeles Co-operators.
The Laborers' Co-operative Construc
tion company has taken a contract from
the electric railway to remodel the en
tire system of tracks, poles and wires,
and will no doubt "do as well on this
.job as it did on the sewer contract which
it has just finished.. It now cheer
fully dispenses with the middleman
known as the, contractor, and divides its
profits among themselves. It goes with
out saying that they are all Nationalists
and members of the Eighth Ward club,
which is now holding "open air meetings
and doing immense good. Los Angeles
Weekly Nationalist. ' .
The Spanish government is a hard
master. It pays the workmen in the Al
manden quicksilver mines, which yield
an enormous revenue, only 20 cents per
day, and owing to the deleterious nature
of the work the strongest men can only
labor two days in the week After five
or six years' work the miners become dis
abled altogether, when the government
magnanimously gives them a license to
beer. . .
A funny misapprehension exists as to
the expression, "Go to the deuce." Peo
ple generally suppose that "deuce" means
"devil," whereas, as a matter of fact, it
is derived directly from the Latin
"Dens" "God." So when any one tells
you to go to the deuce he is unconscious
ly uttering the best of good wishes" for
A TOOLISH QUARREL.
Johr- 11. Burton Characterizes the i'ow
derly-Gompers Controversy as Such. .
It is indeed a sad sight to see labor
leaders at loggerheads over the merits of
their respective organizations, and ex
posing to public view the alleged incon
sistencies (or worse) which have been
practiced by their rivals. It matters
nothing to the labor movement at large
whether Powderly or Gompers is on top,
but it does concern all that the labor
movement shall move on steadily toward
the, goal of the greatest benefit to the
greatest number. The educational feat
ures of the Knights of Labor have, been
often subordinated to personal ambi
tions, no doubt, and calling the attention
of the membership to such disregard of
the plain objects of the organization is
right provided it is done with the pur
pose of remedying the wrong; but when
two leaders indulge in a wordy war and
answer each other by "you're another."
it is time tocall a halt. .
Neither organization has all the good
features of the movement. Each can
work . where the other cannot work to
advantage. The trades union movement
cannot possibly succeed without the help
of the Knights of Labor. We see that
in every strike. For times have changed
so as to make it impossible for any body
of workmen to permanently gain ad
vanced conditions without the co-operation
of all. The movement must be
general, and the quarrels of leaders are
apt to be taken up by their follow
ers, and the movement is thus retarded
to the detriment of the workman. Sala
ries of officers may go on, but wages of
the rank and file suffer from the weak
ening of the general body.
The treatment which Mr. Gompers and
many trades unionists have accorded to
Knights of Labor has not been justified
in any respect. These gentlemen should
remember that union men made the
Knights of Labor the power it has been.
In Detroit, for instance, the union mem
bers of the Knights of Labor have al
ways maintained peace between the two
organizations, although at times the ex
tremists on both sides have done "their
best to raise trouble.
In the cigarmakers' trouble here, while
some of the Knights of Labor wished to
give the label to non-union workers,
they were headed off by the adoption of
rules which provided that it should not
be given to any work which did not pay
the highest price for manufacture and
abide by rnles as good as those of the
In the molders' trouble, too, when the
St. Louis patterns were sent here, it was
the union uiem)ers of the K. of L. who
suggested a means by which a fight,
which the manufacturers wished to
force, could be avoided.
In the late carpenters' strike the K. of
L. ship carpenters were found with them.
When Mr. Gompers characterizes the
K. of L. as scabs he should remember
that he libels many men who are stanch
unionists as he can possibly be. What
the workman wants, whether he belongs
to the K. of L. or a union, is the best
possible conditions that can be attained.
Whatever will help him to these is to
his advantage. Whatever will hinder
his attainment of them is to his detri
ment. John R. Burton in Detroit News.
A taw of Nature.
Alas! the capitalist, it must be owned,
is too often angered at being defied, and,
strong in his possession of the sinews of
war, holds out and refuses all efforts
It is scarcely credible, but it is the
fact, that at one time it was regarded as
a criminal conspiracy that the weak
should join" forces and unite against the
strong! Why, it is the law of nature
and a device adopted by the very beasts
of the field and the forest. What have
all parliaments been but such unions?
That doctrine, a relio of barbarism and
the feudal system, and of atrocious and
abominable slavery, has, thank goodness,
long leen swept away!
One word of warning to union men
seldom, however now necessary. Never
imperil the moral strength of your posi
tion and infallibly alienate public sym
pathy by an appeal to your strong right
Arm. Never use force!
The days of force have gone by, even
if you could do any good, which you
can't, for you are bound to be overpow
ered by n -superior force police with
batons and staves, or military with rifls
and buckshot. Detroit News.
Otlit-ial InloiiiiHt Ion.
In one of the rooms whore eighty jteo
ple vm employed, nearly all girls, fhn
place was so filled up with rags and
clothing that there was scarcely room
for the girls to move their elbow, and
the atmosphere was enervating.
Passing out we struck through le
laneey street. The breeze brought an
odor to my nostrils which surpassed in
vileness anything I ever experienced. It
was liken hundred intensely vile odors
rolled into one.
"What is that?" I asked.
"Oh, that is only a whin of Msex
fetreet air," said my guide. "You'll get
used to it."
I said to myself. God help the iople
who breathe that air all their lives, and
resolved to do what I could to call atten
tion to their surroundings. Mrs. Bremer,
New York Factory Inspector.
The federation Irohrous.
The rejorts of President Gomiers and
Secretary Evans, of the American Fed
eration of Lalwr, which are just out, show
a steady growth and healthy condition.
As an indication of the increased strength
of the federation it is noted that the
financial receipts of the general office
for the six months just ended are fnllj
five times as great as ever before for the
same length of time. This does not
mean that the membership is live times
as much as before, but that therein
laudable increase in the fealty and con
fidence of the unions represented in the
federation. It is understood that the
policy of the federation in dealing with
the unions has never been ironclad, but
rather of the easy going and voluntary
The Condition That Face U.
The report of the registrar of vital
statistics of the board of health of New
York city for the week ending July
19, 1890, shows that out of 815
deaths 151 occurred in the institutions
and 544 in the tenement districts. Let
the gentlemen who quarrel with every
suggestion made by reformers to better
the conditions of the poor consider these
figures. While proposed remedies are
opposed as "un-American," "paternal,"
"socialistic," the children of the poor die
for the want of food and fresh air. Here
is a condition, and not a theory, to deal
with. Jos. R. , Buchaxajt.
. New York City.
Powered by Open ONI