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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 6, 1890)
THE FARMERS ALLIANCE: LINCOLN, NEB., SATURDAY, SEPT. 0, 1890.
THE INDEPENDENT BROOM.
Tune Star SrAKGiEi Basher.
Oh; say, did you ever in years long
When you bachelor's hall We so
-.-7rvv-t wrtlL r1rl lAWk.aSclai1 VuTrt TY
Jl Kj o ww Cv' tv Mwn U jvtojiicu
If so, you when dose surely felt like
To clean op a rooro yoo will own, I
In twenty-four years one should have a
The dust it will raise may be stifling
But the broom Independent will elean
up the state.
On the floor thickly strewn all over the
Are sown in confusion the railroad
free passes. '
The new broom will soon sweep them
in piles that are great,
And the proceeds -well , use for the
good of the saasses.
Bring to light soon, it must. Jaws now
hidden by dust.
Brighten wp constitution now covered
Yes, it will soon have everything in
The new broom Independent that's
sweeping the state.
And thus was it ever when freemen did
To clean up rnbbish laws which cre
ate the rich classes.
To let freedom's light in so the people
Brush the dust from the laws made to
protect the masses.
Then the beauty is seen of the broom
new and dean.
You must surely admire the broom that
Ti the broom Independent, new, hon
est and straight,
With whieh brave son's of toil are now
sweeping the state.
Mm. J. T. Kkllik.
VOTE FOB ME.
Tune Father, Come Home.
O father,, dear father, come vote for me
My clothes are so worn out and old,
You said you would get me some new
ones this fall;
But now wheat and corn are all sold,
The roads- took the best, the banks get
And nothing is left us at all;
We thought if we worked throngh the
heat and the cold.
We'd! have lots of bw things this fall.
Be free, for me!
Come, father, please vote for me now.
O father, dear father, come vote for me
Heed not what! tfte- railroad men say.
Of course tbey yi,3J( teli, youhey love
you the( bes;ttfa ...
You know thai far always the way;
Yet our sod house is bid and lets in the
And Ma's always patching, you see;
The rest of the children, their shoes are
There's no ae can bring cobs but me.
O father, dear father, come vote for me
You know that I can't go to school,
For summer or winter, year round I
And when I am grown be a fool;
O what can I do when grown up like
1 And nothing I know; but to save,
Free land will be gone and naught else
can I do
But be to the rich men a lave.
O father, dear father, come vote for me
Let monied men threaten or pray,
They told you last sumnaer we all worked
This year we are lazy they say;
Dear father, that's right, Oh, what a
That old railroad tieket thrown down,
Now Ma will be hopeful, her heart will
I'll have clothes like rich boys in town.
' Do right; glad sight!
Dear father will vote for me now.
-Mks. J. T. Kkllik.
ROBBERS OR ROBBED.
Tune Some folks ix .
Some folks the bankers love
Some folks do, some folks d
And think they're from above,
But that's not me nor you.
Three cheers! Hurrah for all who
wore the blue,
And three times three
For Major Kern so true.
Some say whose poor's a fool
Some folks do, some folks do
That moneyed men should rule,
But that's not me nor you.
Some folks are free they say
Some folks do, some folks do
While three come ten they pay,
But that's not me nor you.
Some say and say it cool
Some folks do, some folks do
Robbers not jobbed must rule,
But that's not me nor you.
Some folks think it is smart -Some
folks do, some folks do
To take the robbers part,
But that's not me nor you.
Some folks say they are brave
Some folks do, some folks do
Then vote to be a slave,
But that's not me nor yon.
-MBS. J.T. Kellie.
Seven Spook Events.
A woman died under suspicious cir
cumstances in a small house near
Marshall, 111., last November. Since
then it is said that a form in white
bas been seen to pass in and out of
the house at the same hour each
mf)n a farm near Springfield, Mo., a
spectral rabbit lingers about an o!d
well, into which the dead body ol a
murdered peddler was thrown many
years ago. The animal is bullet
proof. No matter how many shots
are aimed at it, it maintains its po
sition day after day.
A New York widower, on the night
of his marriage to another woman,
was surprised bv a visit from the
spirit of his first wife, who delivered
to him a lecture on the evil of nis
ways, giving him to understand in
the most emphatic language that
she strongly disapproved of his
As a Maine judge was riding past
- l.l.i !.
a graveyard one moonngni nui,
be thought he saw a ghost. There
was something white on top or a
tomb and it moved. Getting nearer,
he saw its eyes gleam. But deter
mining to solve the phenomenon, he
advanced into the graveyard and
discovered that the spectral object
was only a stray sheep.
An elegant Indianapolis mansion is
empty and is oflered for rent at a
very low figure, lhe owner vacates
because he is tired of the racket kick
ed up by invisible midnight visitors.
Furniture is turned upside down ana
the piano played by unseen hands.
A ghostly finger appears and traces
on the mirror letters of the color ot
blood, spelling cut the word "Be
ware!" A correspondent of a Cincinnati
paper says that while he was in the
army in 1863 he awoke one morning
on hearing his name called by his
sister's voice. No one else heard the
sound, and the occurrence passed
from his mind a few days later, when
he received a letter from home stat
ing that his sister had died on the
very day he was so strangely awak
ened. Madam, Dak., has a spook and is
proud of it. A man named Lansing
died in 1881 in a house which has
been vacant ever since. Those who
pass the place in the night time see
strange lights flitting about in the
deserted rooms, and hear groans and
cries of distress. One farmer who
had the courage to look in the win
dow declares that he saw Lansing,
with a face as pale as death, lying
on the floor. New Moon.
He Washed the Tiger.
When Pezon, the lion-tamer, was
at Moscow with his menagerie, he
had occasion to employ a. moujik, a
fine specimen of a Cossack, to clean
outthe cages of the wild beasts. The
Cossack did not understand a word
of French, and the terms of the con
tract were settled in dumb show.
By way of instructing him in his
new duties, Pezon went through a
sort of pnntomine with the broom,
sponge and water bucket.
The moujik watched him closely,
and appeared tally to understand
the details of the lesson given. . Next
morning, armed with a broom, a
bucket and u sponge, he opened the
nrst cage ne came to, ana quietly
stepped in as he had seen his master
step, on the previous day, into two
cages of harmless brutes; but this
one happened to be tenanted by a
splendid but untamed tiger, that lay
stretched on the floor asleep.
At the noise made by opening and
closing the door the creature raised
its head, nnd turned its green eyes
lull on the man, who, all unconscious
of hi., da nger, stood in a corner dip
ping his big sponge into the bucket.
At that moment Pezon came out
of his caravan, and was struck dumb
by the terrible sight that met his
gaze. What could he do to warn the
man oi his danger? .A sound, a
movement on his part might enrage
the great beast, and hasten its at
tack on the defenseless Cossack. So
Pezon stood, awaiting developments,
ready to rush to the scene when the
The moujik, sponge in hand, cool
ly approached the tiger, and made
ready to rub him down with the
stolidity t of a military bootblack
polishing his captain's boots.
The sudden application of cold
water to its hide evidently produced
a very agreeable effect on the tige,r
for it began to purr, stretched out
its paws, rolled over on its back,. and
complacently oflered every part ot
its body to the vigorous treatment
of the moujik, who went on scrub
bing with might and main.
All the while Pezon stood there
with his eyes wide open, and as if
nailed to the spot.
When he had finished his job, the
Cossack left the cage as quietly as
he had entered it. and it required
the most energetic, and expressive
gestures . on the part of the lion-
tamer to prevent his repeating the
experiment on a second wild beast.
La r ranee du INord.
A Steak That Cost $20,000.
The trip of George Francis Train
around the world ha, recalled - some
of his eccentric doings when he was
wealthy, Nearly .twenty-five years
ago he was in pen ver and had called
for beefsteak for breakfast, insisting
that he wanted it broiled. It came to
him fried. He. abused the Waiter
and the cook, but he got no satis
faction, and finally swallowing his
anger and a portion of the steak
wandered out into the office, where
he met the proprietor. The subject
of the steak was discussed between
them in animated language for a few
minutes, when Train 'suddenly a3ked:
"Say, what will you take lor this
hotel and get out to-day? You don't
know how to run a hotel.'" The
propritor named. $45,000 .as his
price, which was a figure far above
its real wlue. "All right said
Train; "I'll take it. Make out the
papers at once and I will make out a
check for the amount." The .hotel
was duly transferred to Train, who
discharged the waiters and cook, ran
the establishment lor. two weeks,
called in an auctioneer and sold out
everything to the highest bidder.
When he settled up with the man of
the red flag he found that he had
paid just $20,000 for that fried,
teak. New York Press.
MR. GUSTIN WRITES AGAIN.
he Thinks About Government
Ownership of Railroads.
To the Editor of ihe Enterprise.
You honor my letter with space in
last Sunday's issue and place me under
further obligations to you by a facetious
editorial wherein you depart from the
bread-minded editor to that of a quack
doctor by taking up my case personally
instead of, as I intended you should, the
issues of the day, and you diagnose my
case as "office-phobia" as though the fact
that I had all the ills bodily and men
tally the human flesh is heir to and that
fact would cut any figure with the pub
lic. Let me tell you just what .is the mat
ter with me. I want government own
ership of railways, transportation and
communication to be based on actual
cost of service, the money so invested
by the nation to pay no income or inter
est except the 3 per cent which the pur
chase money bonds bear. Cost of oper
ation to be provided for by a rate elimi
Instead of being a martyr I am ex
pressly selfish and would make practi
cal the republican principle of protec
tion as implied by reciprocity one class
to another applied to this nation in its
internal affairs as James G. Blaine
would apply it to the other nations. I
would apply it to my home, city, county
and state by eliminating distance in
transportation and communication axd
placing us within five miles of the ocean
with our products.
This is the kind of "phobia" I've got,
and if you will kindly accord me space
in your "great political and religious
newspaper" and ponder the subject and
the articles and arguments I will" give,
you will have to have a madstone ap
plied to your gifted person every Sun
day by the corporation to prevent your
becoming as dangerously inoculated as
I am with this "phobia;" and no g. o. p.
or any other party will be allowed to
stand in the way of the civilizing influ
ence of the stimulating, life-giving im
petus to production and labor that the
postal svstem applied to commerce
would give this nation.
To show how selfish I am is it not
true that if we live among a Iqt of peo
ple wo are so poor that they can with
all their labor only afford the bare ne
cessities of life? If their surplus is all
absorbed as a sponge does drops of wa
ter, we stand a poor show to get much
out of it, unless we own the sponge. On
the other hand, if everybody is able to
get a surplus even though it be small,
we will be able to get some of it while
catering to the wauts and comforts
they will wish and be able to gratify.
If transportation and distributing
charges were equally as favorable here
as in the east to the west we Avould
have no trouble inducing manufactur
ing plants to come and locate among
us, and with our wonderful water pow
er, mills and mechanics Would become
so numerous that you would be able to
display your editorial powers on sub
jects of public importance with advan
tage to them and profit to yourself.
Let me say with the mildest of feeling
and no desire to be fiery that some one
must get to the front and help make
public opinion that it may enable the
politicians by profession to keep ahead
of the late war and Andrew Jackson.
You say of me, "It cannot be that
there are 30,000 disappointed candi
dates for auditor running at large."
There will be more than double that
number next November, Bro. Smythe,
who are candidates for seeing that an
auditor is defeated who thinks it busi
ness for Nebraska to pay a dividend on
watered stocks and bonds, and they
will largely come out of the ir. o. p.
ir-s a party platform any good f
for practical purposes, other than to'
catch sucker votes, if the candidates
nominated to execute and use that
platform are not in known sympathy
with its construction?
Second There were 330 votes of the
820 votes at the so-called republican
convention June 23, at Lincoln, who
voted to censure the Hon. Thos. II.
Benton as one of the board of trans
portation for directly antagonizing the
plank of the republican platform, call
ing for railroad regulation. That be
ing the case, what part of the voters of
this state will favor that gentleman for
auditor if he does not at once show his
good faith by listening to the demands
of the people, and with Cap Hill and
Gen. Leese reduce local rates ?r per
cent to counteract in parr the late 15
per cent raise made on DO per cent of
all the business by the railroad;, or
merchandise brought into Nebraska by
the short haul?
Third Will you state which is the
better, to have the retail merchant
stand in with his customers, the farmer
and mechanic, and vote the Alliance
ticket, demanding reasonable rates of
freight or merchandise, or have the re
tail dealer continue to do as he has
done before, stand in with the corpora
tions and say nothing because he can
add the freight overcharge to the cost
of his goods and thus keep even; and by
such action drive the Alliance into the
retail business -as a war measure?
Fourth Do you, think "cultivated
patience" (and I want to say it will
have to be irrigated well if 1 grow it)
and a "muzzled ambition" would get
reasonable rates for Nebraska?
Fifth Would "patience," cultivated
or otherwise, and 'muzzled ambition
have wiped out darkey slavery?
Sixth You copy an effusion from the
deneva Republican headed "h,nough
Monopolies." Would our Geneva solon
think it a hardship if the Piukertons
were deprived of opportunities to
employ the brutes they htre to the rail
roads to shoot down innocent, people in
stiikes like the one on the New York
Central, caused by Dictator Webb and
his family of American railroad lords?
Are the railroads a monopoly as man
aged now, and if the government own
ed them would it add a voter or take
one awav? Would it add or take from
the list of monopolies?
The. 704.000 railroad employes take
part in politics now and they ought to
If the government owned the railways
they would take part in politics just the
same, and it would hurt no one unless
it was some man with office phobia it
Iwonld be hardship on the honest
worker and producer, who it was run
the government as long as it was run
honestly and it cost him two cents to
send a letter or ten cents to send a hun
dred pounds of freight.
Seventh If transportation was based
on cost eliminating the item of distance
would not the local .enterprise (about
the only thing we have a surplus of
here outside of water power) be the
measure of any locality's success?
Eighth Does the postal department
because it is a political machine work
any hardship to any being or locality,
inasmuch as all have equaifacilities for
that kind of intercourse and exchange
Ninth Don't you know, that if it is
right for private corporations to own
and control rail transportation that it is
a virtual rape of their right for state
and interstate interference with their
rates of charges?
Tenth Don't you know that all laws
establishing rates of compensation for
private services . are sumptuary laws
fundamentally wrong and you can just
as easily legislate that I should not have
"office-phobia" or that I should be pure
in mind and body as an orthodox angel
or that I shall not drink when I have
money or appetite? . .
The interstate commerce commission
have lately ordered rates reduced on
three commodities from the Missouri
These gentlemen are the noblest and
best men we have in the nation. They
mean well and have done all that
mortal man could do under the circum
stances surrounding them but it is
one of the grandest farces enacted on
the American drama of life and gov
ernment ownership alone will correct it.
The starving farmer saw he was fam
ished in an overflowing granary (mort
gaged.) He could see the exactions
made on grain, and hence there was a
cry for corrections on that which grew
into a political howl, and hence elabor-.
ate investigation on that line "demon
strated the justice of the complaint and
the interstate commission act.
But why should they stop at three
articles troinsr east? W hy not 300 ar
STanTwSoThall jJdg. the rate and I
classification? If the railroads submit j n iavor oi me uucer. owaiueu rem
and comply with this order it is because , tions have existed between the two coun
they fear further kick, and it will be , tries for some time, and efforts have been,
be done as a man would throw out a j made by the government-, of Nicaragua
pet dog to wolves that were pursuing
Government ownership of the
roads, if one will carefully rtad the re
ports of the various departments of the
interstrte coMimerce reports and see the
many difficulties they contend against,
will be easy of solution.
. Government ownership would correct
a hundred evils where it would create
one evil, and while human perfection is
not expected to grow to divine perfec
tion, this is the nearest solution obtain
able in my humble opinion.
MR. GUSTIN'S LETTER.
He Writes of the Republican Party and
the Railroad Vote.
To the Editor of the Enterprise.
Noting the crack of the party whip
that is being swung over the herds of
the old-time republican voters, please
permit me say a few words relating to
On last May 20, you, among other re
publicans, recognized the importance
of making au effort to purge the repub
lican party of corporate influence, and
you were one of the parties honored
with the duty of seeing that such a plan
of action was brought about in your
part of the state.
You were furnished a cake of sapolio
and came home with professions of vir
tue and contrite heart, holding to the
people of this locality your loyalty to
that cleansing plan of action. I res
pectfully refer you to your own riles
editorially about May 21 and after.
What has been the result of that spasm
of self purification? The new cake of
sapolio slipped from your brawny hand
at Lincoln on the 23rd of June and dis
appe ired in the railroad cesspool of
that date. .
You now come out swinging your
political hand, and pointing to the plat
form and not a new candidate on it but
Harlan of York and and possibly Rich
ards of Fremont who will redeem its
Part of the people can be fooled part
of the time but not all of them all the
time. ' 4
Let me draw your attention to the
new rate on every pound of meichan
dise coming into Nebraska since the 1st
of August a raise of rates averaging
over 15 per cent on all through mer
chandise rates. The rates in force
March 3, 1890, on all through merchan
dise were up to -August 1, 1890:
1st class. 2d. 3d. 4th. 5th. A. B. C
60. oQ. 35. 25, 18. 25.
knd are now raised to
7(1. RS. 42. 28. 21. 28. 23. 18. 16, 15'
You will notice in class C, under
which many staple articles are graded,
that the raise is 20 per cent.
The state board of transportation has
said that the railroads would raise
through. rates if the local rates were
owered. That is a game two can piay
at, and now inasmuch as the railroad.
managers have raised through rates
simply because the peopleasked for
reasonable rates locally, and as the rail
road managers have stated under oath
that the through business was yu per
cent of the whole, it is the duty of the
state board to now reduce local, busi
ness which is 10 per cent of the whole
and the rates they control. It is their
duty now to lower all local rates 72 per
cent, and partially play even, and if
Hon. Thomas HBenton does not do
this, with the help of Hon. Cap. Hill
and Gen. Leese, your banker candidates
and brass bands can crack the party
whip and play your war tunes, and you
will get the horse laugh for your music.
I ou reform gentlemen in tne repuo-
lican ranks must see that the candi
dates for carrying out the reform come
to the front and show up with results to
the people on a par with the railroad
gentlemen plan, for there are 30,000
just such republican yoters as I am who
will vote the straight Alliance ticket
this fall notwithstanding and these
remarks apply to the Omaha Bee and
Lincoln Gall the two poles of the
whiskey side-show to the railroad cir
cus. as well as yourself.
What the Kearney Journal and tne
. v . , . . 1
State Journal at Lincoln may say and
papers of such niossback ilk may plead
for the sake of the party will run off
like water from a duck's back, and life
is too short to comment on them.
Mr. Kem is the next congressman
from the big third. If the retail busi
ness men can't understand that they
should stand bv the farmers and pro
ducers, who are their true, friends, as
against the corporation exactions, tney
will wake nn to And the Alliance and
labor elements entering into merehan
dising to save the middle man's pro tit to
offset the added amount the retailer
must put on his goods to pay "the cor
norations th added freight charges.
Now let the devoted, party people
who love party colors and slavery
bove independent actions .explain
away the corporation and party wnip u
they can. Seventy-five per cent reduc
tion, on all local business in Nebraska is
demtndfed at once or the g. o. p. will
find its funeral ceremony observed in
style and state in Nebraska next No
vember. " , A. J. Gustix.
ALLIANCE PICNIC IN BURT CO.
Please announce in your columns the
By special preparations made by Sil
ver Creek Center Farmers' Sub. Alli
ance No. 1704, an Alliance picnic will
be held, on Thursday the 18th of Sep
tember in Mr. James Clark's grove in
Silver Creek, in Burt county, Nebraska.
O. M. Kem and others of the indepen
dent ticket are expected to be present.
A large programme is under prepara
to all members of Subordinate Alli-
A special invitation is extended
ances, and a cordial invitation is ex- whites,--mixed, and aboriginal. Its
tended to everybody to come and bring silver and iron mines are rich and well
well-filled baskets. The central loca- worked. Jts principal agricultural prod-
tion of the grove makes it convenient ucts are indigo, coffee, sugar, and
for a large -attendance from all over balsam. lie imports for the year 1886
thi.iSSty, a?d 1,6 he8 Urgee were worth $2,427,643, its export. 4, 754,-
i55??6-0f thG kmd Ueld iQ Bnrt"Wa The army number. 2,000 men, with
county this season . -. J :
Wm. L. Paddock,
Sec'y Programme Com.
TUE SMALLEST CENTRAL AMERI
CAN B TA TE 8 IIO HS HER HAND.
rioatrilties That May Rennlt In Confeder
ation Oaatcmala Getting, tho Wont of
It, but Likely to Succeed la tho. Bad
Description of the Various StatM.
Special Washington Letter.)
A war in Central America is no un
usual thing. Anything from a small
mutiny to the overthrow of a govern-,
ment is called a war there. But the hos
tilities that have lately broken out have
the proportions of a genuine war. For
the present this war is between Guate
mala, the most important, and Salvador,
the least important of the five republics,
with the opening contest between the
Guatemala invading army, reported to
be 9.000 strong, under General Villavi-
cencio, and the Salvador forces, 4,000
-;r Gen.ra! .EU
and Costs Rica to lhduce the conflicting
j powers to settle their differences by arbi-
mately the other State. may be drawn
into the contest, Ho iduras, which coun-"
try is said to have already formed an al
liance with Guatemala," on the one side,'
and Nicaragua and Costa Rica on the
side of Salvador. The purpos? of Guat
emala is to continue General Barrios'a
plan for a federation of the live States,
a plan which is favored by Guatemala
and Honduras and opposed by the smaller
States, because they fear the greater,
power of the larger countries in such a
union. The causes which operate to pre
vent a Central' American union are,
therefore, somewhat similar to those
which delayed the establishment of our
own nation. .
The Central American States formed a
union in 182S, after their separation from
Spain, but sectional jealousies and the
ambitions of local leaders destroyed it
in a few years. After the failure of
HF CEirt Or HOSTILITIES.
tsarrios to re-establish this union by,
force a treaty was agreed upon a year
ago providing that any difficulty be
tween the five States should be settled by
the arbitration of the United States, Ar
gentine Republic, Chili, Mexico, Swit
zerland, or any of the great European
powers. This treaty does not seem to
have fctood in the way of the ambitious
purposes of General Barillas, who, in
fluenced with the same ambition that
moved the ill fated Barrios, has been
bent upon making a president of Salva
dor who would favor a Central Ameri
can jniojp. Ciautehiala lias constantly
i1!1? uierg qt Ie-w,in ye political
affairs ?f STvadSrt aftd f6ieu'ut6U-.
Ele is an effort To unseat Geueral Ezeta,
whoris, only a provisional president, and
place Julie Inter iano, a. man preferable
to Gaulemala, iu his place. The Gaute
malans argue that E:eta has no right to
his position, and has taken advantage of
it to refuse to ratify the agreement for
the federal uniou of the five Central
.American States. They claim that Ezeta
took possession of the government by
force, and that President Menendez, the
last incumbent, did not die of apoplexy,
as was reported at the time, but was aa
eahsinuted. some ulrn of the proportions of the
struggle and its probable outoomu may
Le gained from a stat.st.cal description
of tne countries iuvolveJ. Guatemala's
area ia 46 -SuO squar miles, and it- popu
lation in 1887 was l,3o7,(00. of whom a
third were of European descent, and the
rest aboriginal or "Indian. " The inter
nal debt .in 1886 w; s $1,571,417, the ex
ternal debt, $3,300,000- with $1,800,000
arrears of interest, besides a floating
debt of unknown' amount. The army
consists nominally of about 2,2u0 men,
with an enrolled militia of 33.00 0. Th
total exports for 1886, consisting chiefly
of coffee and indigo, were valued at
$0,736,462. and the imports at $3,325,803.
Honduras has an area of 46,000 square
miles, with a population of about 550.000.
Most of the inhabitants are aborigines.
There is a small proportion of people of
Spanish origin, and they live in the small
pon'son the' Pacific coast and in the town
if .Santa Ro-as. The active army con-
1 1 fcis ts of .830 men,' with 31,500 militia.
J ' be exports of Honduras consist chiefly
j of cattle, mahogany, hides, and india
j rubber, aggregating about $1,60;),000
while the imports of cotton
"goods, silks, and hardware reach nearly
the same figure. The foreign debt is
' $57,000,000. most of which was raised to
build a railroad from the Atlantic it
the Pacific coast.
San Salvador is a very small State, em
bracing only 7,225 square miles, but U
.a population of 6ol,130
wealth. It has two lines of railway, and
1,259 miles of telegranh
WAR IN SALVADOR.
Nicaragua cover 4U " V) nquare mMe .. I
but its population in P.8J was only 27".
817, few of wiiom ate E.m.ieMis.
There are few towns,' and the principal
occupation of the people i the rnLditx of
rattle. Commerce is naturally re
stricted, the imports in 1880 aggregating
ynly $1,868,000, and the export. $2.5.T7,
000. The leading exports are india
rubber and coffee. Nicaragua has 99
miles of railway, and 1.30;) miles of tele
graph. The army con'it-ts of 723 men,
897 of whom serve as police, with 9,60i)
militia. The annual revenue is $2,000,
000, and the debt is a moderate oue. .
Aboriginals or ban Salvador.
Costa Rica boasts of an active army of
500 men, and on a war footing can com
m and 40,000 militia, as every able bodied
male over 18 can be conscripted. The
area of the country is 23.000 square
miles, and the population 183,073. Coffee
is the chief product, the crop being about
20,000,000 pound-5 annually. Ba .auas
also are largely exported. The main
part of Costa Rica's trade is with Eng
land. The republic has T76 mile3of rail
road, and 390 miles of telegraplu
The United States is necessarily in
terested in this Central American war. The
consolidation of the five States into one
government would tend inevitably to
their sudden and prosperous develop
ment. Already many millions of Ameri
can capital have . been invested in the
Central American States. The desire of
the Central Americans to trade with the
United States is so pronounced thaC ulti
mately there would be a splendid com
mercial alliance between the new feder
ation and this country. J. A. T.
A Night of Horror.
The Egypt coal mine, near Egypt
Station, N. C, is the only coal mine in
North Carolina, and has usually 40 labor
ers employed in it The pit is 450 feet
deep, and there is only one cage used to
draw out the men. During one after
noon this cage was caught by a slight
cave in about nddway between the top
and bottom of the shaft, thus rendering
useless the only means by which the
laborers could get out.
At first nobody knew what to do.
Mothers,-wives,-and children of the im
prisoned men gathered about the mine
and their cries of agony could be heard
a mile away. It was known that the
water rose very rapidly in the mine, aud
with the machinery blocked there was
no possible way of pumping it out. The
miners would therefore drown if not
rescued soon. No voice could penetrate
the depths, and no sound could be heard
from below! , . ,
Night came on, but there' was no pros
pect of rescue. At last the president of
the coal mirte company got some men to
work, aud throughout the long hours
while they tried to loosin the machinery
mothers walked up and down weeping,
with babies in their arms.
Midnight came but nobody .bought of
bleeping. Just before daybreak so.ji?
men were lowered down tothe fastened
cage apd Cu a hole in it. The glad ttd
Jugs were sent up tlvat the men were all
alive". Soon ropes were let d6wu, nnd
one by one they were pulled out. All
were alive, but had the rescue b en de
layed a few tiours more all would have
been drowned, aa the water jji the mine
had risen four feet and would soon Iiave
covered the head of every man. They
were all wet, cold, and half starved. One
old man saidj;
"We did not expect, to be rescued at
all. We folt sure that the. mine had
caved in at the top and not a man of us
ever exp cted to be taken out of that pit
alive. We huddled close together, and
spent the time iu singiug and praying.
We knew by the ratii at which the water
was rising' on us that it could only be a
matter of a few hours before we should
alb tho wu, and it required a lot of talk
and persuasion to keep some of the men
from lying down in the water and
drowning before it was three feet deep.
We theu made a bargain to stand on our
feet just as long as we could, and when
we could stand no longer we had agreed
to all lie down in the water at the same
time and die. It was an awful tinv.
and I think we all suffered the horrors
of a hundred deaths. "
Arte mil Ward's IH.it Joke.
Joseph Jefferson, in hi. autobiography
i'i the forthcoming Midsummer (August)
Century, relates what was probably the
ast jest of Artenius Ward.
When the famous wit lay dyin.; in
.Southampton he was tended by hi- th
voted friend "Torn" Robertson, the Eng
lish playwright, who was also a friend of
"Just before Ward's death," writes
Mr. Jefferson, -Robertson poured out
some medicine in a gla s and offered it
to his friend.
"Ward said, 'My dear Tom, I can,
take that dreadful stuff.'
"'Come, come,' said Robertson, urg
ing him to swallow the nauseous drug;
'there's a dear fellow. Do now, for my
t-ake; you know I would do anything for
"Would you?' said Ward, feebly
stretching out his hand to grasp his
friend's, perhaps for the last time.
"I would indeed.' said Robertson.
"Then you take it,' said Ward. The
humorist passed away but a few hour
Where ll-y SinoUr- t .j;r-.
The Burmese girls are very bright, and
good beggars, too, and when one steps
up to you with a six inch cigar in her
mouth and her confely person swathed
vi garments, the colors of which would
rival Joseph's coat, and offers you hei
wares, the only thing for a man to do ie
to buy and buy at once. The girls ar
noted for their independence, and they
walk about the streets and through ti e
bazaars and around the pagodas with
big cigars in their mouths with as much
Ireeiom as do the men in most coun
The Chlcaro Variety of Paradtn.
"Eva," he said softly, as they strolled
through the park, "let me call you Eva.
It will make this place seem still more
like the Garden of Eden.
"Certainly, George," replied the be
witching maid, "but I can't call you
Adam. Yon you are not my first man,
f cm know. Not by several, George.
One day, as I was riding through
the lower end of Tipton County, In
diana, 1 came upon a native, who
was engaged in "picking trash" and
ar ning logs in a little clearing by
i he roadside, writes Ed. R. Pritchard
n the Arkansaw Traveler. Not
knowing exactly the best way to go
to reach the neighborhood I desired
to visit, I reined my horso up at the
fence and asked the Hoosier to di
rect me the way to Bonnet's mill.
"Wall," he replied, pausing in h'
work and seating himselfon a stump
that stood conveniently near, "I
'low its a matter of five miles, though
it mout be a leetle grain less. You
jess keep this rond fur 'bout a mile
furder on; then you turn to your
right an' go north 'till you git to the
I thanked him and was about start
ing off when he hailed me and said:
I rekon it mightent be none of my
business, stranger, but I'd like to
ask you a question er two' ef you'v
'AU right, fire away," said I.
"Well, then, I'd jess like ter know
what you're goin' down to Bennett's
"Well," said I, "there is a man
down there that owes me Homo mon
ey, and as I'm hard up myself I
thought I'd see if I could collect it."
"I thought so,' he answered; "and
now I'll bet a dollar I kin guess the
feller's name the first pop; an' I'll bet
anuther dollar on top o' that one
that you don't git a cent."
"I see you won't bet, so I'll jeHstell
vou fer lun. Tht feller is Jake Hod
key an' he hain't worth shucks.
You're jess wastin' your timea-ridin-round
the country tiyin' to git mon
ey out of him."
The fellow had named the very man
I was going to see nnd about whose
financial soundness I myself li ad seri
ous doubts, but having got this
much information from an eutirely
unexpected source, I was naturally
anxious to get more.
"Well, my friend," I said, "you've
guessed the man; but what makes
you think that he won't pay me
what he owes? The claim is just, and
besides, has been standing a long
"It's fer a mowin' machine you
sold him more'n two years ago,
"Yes," I answered, now more puz
zled than ever that man whom 1 had
never met before should know more
about my, affairs than I did myself.
"Yes," 1 continued, "and there's a
balance ol nearly fifty dollars still
"Mout as well be filty thousau',"
answered the native; "Jake could
pay it jess as easy."
(Jouclmjing that the fellow was
chaffing me and thinking to let hiin
'know that fact I said:'
"Oh, I think Jako will pay me, at
any rate I'll just ride over and see
"Wall," he answered with a grin,
if you're bound to see him you'd
better take some men with spades
an' a screw driver, . 'relse'you'H rind
him pretty hard to git at."
"Vjiat do you mean?"
"Why, nothin'; only that Jake
Ilodkey's deadern a mackerel. We
buried him afewdaysugo over in the
Bald Hill bury in' groun', 'bout er
mile north of the mills."
"Is it possible?" I exclaimed.
"Course it is. 1 was at the funeral,
an' I reckoi I know a dead man
when t see Inn."
"I've no doubt of it," I answered;
and bidding hhn good-day I pur
sued my journey. Sure enough I
found 'on'reaching Bennett's mills
that my man was dead, and ;;lbO.
that I stood 'no earthly show of col
lecting'my bill. I never did loam,
though, how the native knew who I
was and-th nature ol my business,
but I have always supposed he sim
ply did a good job ol guessing.
The Colossus Knocked Out.
M. Eiffel has rendered a real rervice
to mankind in connection with the
famous Colossus of Rhodes, for
rcnturies that impertinent statue has
been Hung, so to speak, iu our lures
as an evidence of the vast superiority
! of ancient over modern engineers,,
j and thousands of unhappy school
i boys have been compelled to commit
to memory its" imprudent propor
tions. .Now conies AI. hnfel and de
monstrates with slate nnd pencil that
no such statue ever existed, nor ever
could existt There never lived ;m
engitie r who cotrld- ha ve placed 'a
bronze statue i-tundingnstrideot 1 he
entrance to the port ot Rhode, for
! the simple reason that the weight of
the body would infallibly have
; crushed the legs. Iet us hoe that
i M. Eiffel will pursue his good work,
j and demolish the aggravating hang
ling gardens ol Babylon ami prove,
j that the exasperating temple of Dia
i na, at Ephesus was about the size of
j an ordinary methodist chapel. We
j have been sat upon long enough by
the engineering impostors ofnntiq-
uit.v, not one of whom ever dreamed
j of making n statue like that of"Lil-
erty Enlightening the World" or a.
i tower iike that built by M. Eiffel.
I'aris New York Herald.
Unhurt by a Plunge Over a
Thomas Wiser, while aseendiug
Lookout mountain by the pike,
lost a valuable horse, but by almost
a miracle a 9-year-old boy was spar
ed from a most dreadful death.' The
iad who was sick, was lying asleep
on a pillow on the back seat of a one
horse wagon, wIiph the horse at
curve in the narrow road became
frightened and leaped off th edge of
the precipituous descent, tie fell al
most a h nnd red i.et, and was injured
so badly that, he had to be killed.
The wagon was smashed into kind
ling wood. The boy, strange to say,
was unhurt save . a few slight
scratches, and is in better health,
than for some time past. Cor. New
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