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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (July 19, 1890)
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"THERK IS NOTHING WHICH IS HUMAN THAT IS ALIEN TO ME." Terence. : , ? rn.wi Z
VOL. II. - IjINCOIjN, NEBltASKA, SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1890.
notice to Subscribers.
EAs tha easiest and cheapest numm ef
C subscribers of the data of their frplra
na wi will mark thla notice with blue cr
panoiU on the data at which their eub
. terlption azplrea. We will, send the paper
pro weeka after expiration. If not renewed
r that time It will be discontinued.
When Bastiles Fall.
-:. " BT VENIER VOLDO.
(Jul v. 1789. From the Bastile to the French
Exposition, Freedom's March is a triumph of
constellations, and her destiny the happiness
of man.) 1 , . '
Hark to the thunderous tread of freemen,
Hark to the roar at Antoine's gate, .
The men of France have rose to be men,
And grapple with the steel of fate;
What sound with new miraculous story
Doth crush our Jericho's black wall?
Oh, man has found his manhood's jrlory
When Bastiles fall!
Lost sound of Liberty! O, hail thee I .
Shake tha drousy earth with dread,
Let the tyrants that assail thee,
Rot and riot with the dead :
Speak In the blows of them that sorrow,
Arouse all men with mighty call,
Hope shall gem the glad to-morrow
When Bastiles fall!
Too long the wretched have been, waiting1,
The banners of their rights unfurled,
The heavy dungeon chains are grating
On the hot sense of the world ;
Lo, the patriot life is wrong! n,g
The Iron Mask pacing in his stall ()
We will possess eur own belonging .
When Bastiles fall!
O, hail ! heroic great endeavor,
The bursting of despotic bars,
Thus fired by Liberty forever,
. Shall men climb upward to the stars;
Oppression shall give o'er her minions,
Dark misery give o'er her thrall.
And Mercuries bespread their pinions (t)
When Bastiles fall !
The man of the Iron Mask was one of the
historical prisoners of the Bastile.
t On the site of the Bastile now stands a
lofty column of bronze In memory of the
patriots of '89 and '30. It is crowned with a
gilded mercury In the act of flight.
A Party Buried.
Written for The Alliance.
There lies a corpse beneath the soil,
That reveled once in pelf and spoil.
'Twas clad in garments politic.
The cheek It wore was eight feet thick.
. This corpse when living, hale and hearty,
By some was called the"Grand Old Party."
But like the dog it had its day.
'Tis now but decomposing clay.
Such trrasDinsr greed could scarce abound
Save in the carcass of a hound ;
It sunk its fangs clean to the bone
In those opposed and of its own ;
Yet every time It wagged its tall,
The rank and file cried out " all hail 1"
This party in Its later years
Bestrewed the land with grief and tears.
The laboring man it sore oppressed,
It robbed the weary of his rest;
It made poor children cry for bread ;
It filched from both the quick and dead.
It robbed fair Justice of her scales;
It filled the land with mortgage sales.
It sought to tear from our fair land
AM signs of freedom great and grand.
It bound the toiler like a slave
With chains "From Cradle to the Grave.'
Yet in its search 1 tne'er could find
A chain with which to shackle mind.
Nor could it with Its royalty
Destroy the soul of Liberty.
But long and weary is the road
Beguiled with only whip and goad .
So found the toilers of our land.
And now their equal rights demand.
, From out this land so fair and bright,
Like bursting storm at dead of night ;
There came a party to the field
With justice painted on its shield,
It's mottoes flashing sure and bright,
Reflecting freedom 's holy light;
, Declared to each and every man
, It's pure regenerating plan,
Of Justice, liberty and light;
As each is born to equal right;
And to all wrong it bids defiance,
The Farmers' party the Alliance.
C. A. Pomkkot.
De Weese, Neb., July 3, 1890.
Beware, My Lords!
William Allan in
Dundee, Scotland, People's
Your titled brethren then, with blindness
"Saw not the gathering storm until it burst;
Then Vengeance red and reeking sprang the
mine, , ,
Then rose the glittering, greedy guillotine,
Then old and long accounts were settled
By coror ted heads (of heads the worst),
That rolled as Revolution's gory sign.
Then it were thus, thus it may be again.
The people's will is ever paramount,
Kings, queens, and princes are of no account
When revolution fills a nation' brain.
Beware, my Lords, all barriers they sur
If ye are fools enough to fire the train.
Hereditary legislators I know
UThe people are your masters and your lords;
If with your titles your arrogance accords.
By them alone ye shall be humbled low,
Yea, at their feet ye shall be made to bow
As suppliants. Think ye your rank affords
Tbe liberty to thwart the nation's words
Or stem progression's overpowering flow?
Poor Lordsl blind Lords! have ye not from
tbe past -The
al ph abet of legislation learned ?
Have ye not yet the slrapia way discerned
By which to trust the people lord-braa&ed?
Shame on ye J if for them so uncoju&raed,
'Tie time, my Lords, that ye were outward
east. ' '
The Sub-Treasury Scheme
From the Iowa Homestead.
Since the first of this year the farmers
in the states where the southern Alliance
predominates have been greatly agitated
over a plan for their relief entitled "The
Sub-Treasury Scheme," or as it is some
times called "The Warehouse Plan." It
.originated among the leaders of this
(Organization. andTwas first formulated
iind endorsed by that body at its meet
f us in St. Louis Dec. 3-7. '89. in the re-
of their committee on the constitu-
tio&oi the organization. The commit
tee ntt&ing the report were Mr. U. VV.
3IeCune, of Washington, president of
the exeMitnre committee and editor of
(the national organ of the southern Al-
diance, Mr. S. Polk, Mr. L. F. Living
ston. Mr. W. S. Morgan and Mr. H. S.
f .Ashby, of Texas, all leading members
and officers of the southern Alliance.
One of the objects of this St. Louis
meeting was to secure, if possible, a
union of the southern with the northern
Alliance, and the concentration of the
whole; forces of both Alliances, to the
exclusion of all other reform measures,
on the scheme as formulated. It was
proposed by the leaders of the southern
Alliance that all other reforms bo
dropped, and that there should be a
simultaneous demand of the farmers all
along the entire line, from Dakota to
Texas and from the Atlantic to the
Pacific, for this warehouse or sub-treas
ury scheme. It was set forth in an able
and elaborate report, which we have
not the space to reproduce, that the
financial uolicv of the government was
to favor the speculator to the manifest
detriment of the productive class; that
t 1 Ha? t . f ! 1 .
uolii uoiiucai parties nau utterly reiusea
to remove the cause of these evils; that
the banks, by contracting or locking up
the currency in the season of marketing
crops, forced the farmer to sell his pro
duce at ruinously low prices, and that
the remedy lies in the government com
ing to the relief of the farmers during
the last four months of the year, and
advancing him eighty per cent, of the
market value of his products on deposit
of same in a government warehouse. It
was agreed that this was no new de
parture, as the government advances to
the banks nintey per cent, on the par
value of government bonds. ,
The delegates from the northern Al
liance refused to endorse the scheme or
to favor a union with the southern Al
liance. The authors of the plan brought
the matter in due time before congress
and were given a hearing of several
days before the proper committee, which
refused, we belive, unanimously, to give
a favorable report on the warehouse
bill. The bill for unlimited coinage of
silver embodied in the above has already
Eassed the senate. Although congress
as peremptorily refused to even con
sider the matter, this is by no means the
end of it. The southern Alliance ap
pealed to the people and is making the
measure a test question in congressional
elections, whether for thehouse or senate,
over the southern Alliance states. When
ever a scheme of this kind wins the
cordial and earnest support of a constit
uency so widely scattered, it is not the
part of wisdom to dismiss it, even
though it may seem at once startling
and improbable, without due consider:
ation. There is always a reason for
startling and novel propositions of any
kind, and whatever we may think of the
plan there is always a reason why it has
a hold on the popular mind. In this
case the reason is not hard to find. The
main crop of the farmers or planters of
the South is cotton. Its price, while
reasonably steady, is fixed by the for
eign market. It is a cash crop, compact
in bulk, easily stored, and of quite uni
form quality. It is grown for the most
part by negroes who have to be "run,"
or, in other words, furnished with sup
plies during the crop season, hence the
crop is lnorteraffed Defore it is grown.
The land owner who furnishes the sup
plies turns this mortgage over to the
local merchant as security for advances,
who turns it over to the factor in the
great cities, who forces the sale of the
crop when it is gathered. The scheme
proposes for the government to build a
warehouse in which to store the cotton,
and advance eighty per cent, of its
value, and thus enable the farmer to
hold his cotton by paying one per cent.
Nor is it stranee that crain growers
in Kansas and Dakota should favor this
scheme. They, too, are engaged in
growing bulky products, the price of
which is largely fixed by competition in
foreign markets. Ine same human
selfishness which leads the cotton factor
in New Orleans to bear cotton on which
he has a mortgage, induces the specula
tor in Chicago to bear wheat to or below
me cost 01 production unui ne gets it in
his control. He is favored in this by
the fact ! that the farmer must pay his
bills, and must sell. He is in debt to
the merchant for supplies. The mer
chant is debt to the local banker. The
season of active trade comes on in Sep
tember and money is in demand for
legitimate purposes, and the banker
cannot extend his discounts even 11 he
wished to do so, hence the farmer must
sell. The grain raiser naturally wishes
plenty of money, and he, too, asks the
government to Wld a warehouse and
UuvctJVC7 All 111 clii 1 y I'V' Vi'Uit auvi wiuij
enable him to hold his crop for higher
The real potency of this scheme, so
far as securing the support of the farmer
is concerned, lies in a vicious system of
farming which, so far as we know, has
never been a success anywhere in the
civilized world. No class of farmers
who have devoted themselves to grow
ing crude products for shipment to far
distant markets ever becomes rich.
They are always embarassed and debt-
ridden. In exceptional years they will
make monev. but at the end of ten
years they will be as badly off as at the
beginning. If fifty per cent: of the cul
tivated acres 01 tne southern states and
the grain export states were in blue
grass and clover, we should never hear
of the warehouse or sub-treasury
scheme. Nine-tenths of the products
would be used as raw material for fur
nished products, and the farmers would
hold the rest without-any aid from the
If this scheme should rise up as an
avenging Nemesis to plague congress,
they nave only themselves to blame. It
IS, ill a U1UOU lUC 1C9UII Ul bUCl
own misdoing. It loaned money, a wise
thing perhaps at the time if the security
had not oeen released, to tne racinc
railroads, loiter the security had been
released and a second lien taken and
scheme of pillage unparalleled carried on
before its eyes, it refuses to enforce its
lien and collect what is due it. The
money thus stolen from the government
has been used as a fearful engine of
oppression on Nebraska and Kansas
farmers, it is not any wonder that they
desire to borrow money from such a
good-natured creditor, and thus get
even with the railroads. More than
1 even with
I this, the government has pursued.
- 1 under all administrations, without re-
gard to parry, a policy that keeps a
large amount of the currency locked up
- 1 in the. treasury, it collects every year
I more revenues than it has any use for
To get rid of this surplus it buys three
andfour and a half per cent, bonds be
fore they are due, and thus sends the
price up, three per cent, bonds being
now quoted at $1.21, and four and a
half per cent, bonds, due in a year, sell
ingat three percent, premium. This
makes it to the interest of national
banks to sell bonds and go out of busi
ness, and this decreases the bank circu
lation nnd makes monev scarce and
high, and robs the farmer. Its keeps
$100,000,000 of gold, for which it issued
bonds, lying idle under the plea 01 re
deeming less than $400,000,000 in legal
tenders which need no redeeming SO
long as they are not in excess of the
annual recemts of the government. It
has kept $70,000,000 locked up under
nretense of redeeming the notes of
banks in liquidation, a large per cent,
of which have been lost or burnt and
will never be presented. The course of
every administration has been to favor
Wall street by keeping money locked
up in the treasury and then,. when spec
ulators try the same game by locking
up their funds, to come to the relief of
the money interests by prepaying inter
est, or by depositing funds in banks,
where it can be used to break the
Such favoritism to the monied inter
ests by the government can result,
sooner or later, only in wide-spread dis
content. So long as the eastern states
had the conirol of the United States
senate, the complaints of the producing
classes could be safely disregarded. So
long as New York dictated the election
of the president, it was perfectly safe to
kick the producer. That time is past.
The '.vote in the senate on the silver bill
drew the line between the eastern and
middle states and the southern and
western states. - With the admission of
new states New York no longer controls
the nomination of the president by
either party. Under these circumstances
a readjustment of the financial policy of
the government becomes inevitable.
There is need of some very clear
thinking on the part of the farmers just
now. Never was wise leadership more
in demand. That silver is to play an
important part is quite clear. It is just
and right that it should. The crime of
demonetizing silver in 1873 was not
merely a crime it was a piece of stu
pendous and monumental folly. It is
easier, however, to correct a crime, and
even to measure and deplore its results,
than to undo or repair the wrong with
out doing more wrong.
The sub-treasury scheme is open to
many and serious objections which we
can but outline now. To begin with, it
is impracticable to store bulky products
such as grain, in government warehous
es. 1 It would inevitably lead to a sys
tematic cornering of grain by large
speculators and to an advance in the
price far beyond that in other countries,
shut off exports and end in a glut of pro
ducts, and eventually a' collapse that
would ruin the grain raiser.
1 here has never yet been a time when
the advance of a surplus which cannot
be consumed at home beyond the ex
port price has not brought disaster on
the producer in the end. Put 150,000,-
000 of wheat in government warehouses,
give the farmers eighty per cent of its
market value on a year's time at one
per cent interest, and make the ware
house receipt negotiable, and in six
months Hutchinson and his like will
own them. The wheat will be held till
the year is up, and no wheat will be ex
ported. India and Russia will at once
supply the foreign demand, and wheat
growing will be immensely stimulated
in those countries, In a few years the
breign wheat market will be lost to
America, and the condition of the
American wheat grower worse than
ever. India and Lgypt can raise cot
ton for the world if the price goes too
ligh. and will. The sub-treasurv
scheme would be a god-send to the ryot
of India, and the fellah of .hgypt.
v ai 1 1
r or tuese auu many otner reasons it
is best to consider what new proposi
tions in the way of finance means, and
where they lead. The instincts of
armers is always right on financial
problems, but they are beginning - to
wield a power to which they are not
accustomed. Failure in the practical
out-come of a scheme of their devising
would cover them with odium for a
quarter of a century. With a substan
tial victory in sight on the silver, ques
tion, it is best to stop and think a bit
before endorsing the sub-treasury
Mast Be Home Made.
Washington, July 12. The tonnage bill
as it passed the senate today provides lor
the payment to any vessel of more than
five hundred tons gross register, whether
sail or steam, constructed and wholly
owned by citizens of the United States, or
registered pursuant to the laws thereof,
and which shall be engaged in the f oreigx
trade, plying between the porta . pf the
United States and foreign ports, the'sram
ox 12 cents per gross registered ton for the
first five hundred miles or fraction there
of Bailed outward and the same sum for thel
first five hundred miles or fraction thereef
Bailed inward on any voyage or voyages.
15 cents per gross registered ton for the
second 500 miles or fraction thereof sailed
outward and the same Bum for the second
500 miles or fraction thereof sailed inward
and 80 cents per gross registered ton for
each thousand miles thereafter and pro
rata for any distance sailed less than one
thousand miles after the first thousand
miles sailed: provided that the forelcn
port to which the voyage is made shall be
custant more man seventy miles seaward
from the gulf 1 1 boundary of the United
rne payments at tne rate of su cents per
ton for each 1,000 miles sailed are to con
tinue for the term of ten years at that rate
and thereafter for another term of nine
years at a reduction of 3 cents per ton each
year upon each 1,000 miles sailed and pro
rata for any less distance No vessel Is to
be entitled to the benefits of this act unless
its entire cargo shall be loaded at some
port or porta of the United States and dis
charged at one or more foreign ports, or
shall be loaded at one or more foreign
porta and discharged at a port or porta in
the United States. Nor shall a vessel be
entitled to receive payment under this act
unless it shall have freight on board at the
time ef sailing to the amount in weight or
measurement or at least 5 per centum of
the net register tonnage, 2,340 pounds, or
iorxy cudio ieet, to make a ton 01 cargo.
There 1b to be no discrimination between
competing lines and no vessels are to be
entitled to the benefits of this act unless al
the officers thereof shall be citlsens of the
Six People Killed.
Sam Fbanozsoo, July IS. It is reported to
night that a terrible accident occurred this
afternoon at Baden, a wagon . containing
fifteen people being run into by a train.
The people were tossed in all directions.
Six were killed outright and others injured.
Tbe Senate. .
WASHDiaTOK. July 10. In the senate to
day 2fr. Stewart offered a resolution.
which was agreed to calling on the secre
tary of the Interior for information as to
the selection of sites for reservoirs by the
director of the geological survey.
The senate resumed the consideration of
the conference report on the silver bill
and was addressed by Mr. Morgan in oppo
sition to the report, who spoke for three
After further debate a vote was then
taken and the conference agreed to yeas
Wasbixotoh, July 1L In the senate Mr.
Teller introduced a joint resolution de
claring it to be the determined policy of
the United States government to use both
silver and gold as full legal tender money,
and instructing the president to invite the
governments of the Latin union countries,
and ef such other nations as he may deem
advisable, to join the United States In a
conference to adopt a common . ratio : be
tween gold and silver for the purpose of
establishing the International use of bime
tallic money and securing a fixity of rela
tive value between those metals. The con
ference is to be i held at such
place as may be agreed upon by
the executives of the governments lolninir
in it; and when in the judgement of the
president of the United States, a sufficient
number ef nations shall have entered into
such an International arrangement, he
shall declare the ratio so fixed to be the
existing ratio in the United States. . The
president is to appoint not less than three
nor more than five commissioners to at
tend such conference on the part of the
United States. The Joint resolution was
referred to the finance committee.
. The shipping bids were then taken up
and Gibson addressed the senate. He ar
gued against the proposed subsidies for
ships, but was In favor of moderate postal
subsidies. . ,
Mr. Test offered as a substitute for the
bill as to the American merchant marine a 4
provision for free ships to be used only in
the foreign carrying trade,, not in . the
coastwise or lake trade.
The bills went over without action after
an unsuccessful effort by Mr. Frye to have
an arrangement to rote upon tnem tomor
row in executive session. Adjourned.
Washington, July 12. I-a the senate to
day a remonstrance of the board of trade
of Jackson, Tenn., against the federal elec
tion bill was presented by Harris.
The senate resumed consideration of the
two shipping bills and was addressed by
Stewart favored the bill and George op
Teller offered an amendment nrovidinsr
that no vessel shall be entitled to payment
under the act that makes any discrimina
tion between or gives unequal facilities to
competitive transportation lines in reoeiv-
ng or xorwarding freight or baggage at
any American port or. foreign sort.
The tonnage subsidy bill was then passed
yeas 29, nays 18. The only exceptions to
a strict party vote were that rayne voted
with the republicans for the bill and Ed
munds and Plnmb with the democrats
A vote was then taken on the postal sub
sidy bill and It passed yeas 28, nays 16,
ayne voting yea. Edmundsa md Plumb
not voting. ,
un motion of Morrill the tariff bill was
taken up and made "unfinished business."
After the executive session the senate
Washington, July a The senate today
took up the sundry civil bill. Among the
many amendments agreed to was one in
serting 9333,000 tor improving, extending
and repairing the vaults in the treasury
building and for constructing . new vaults
or safes there.
The amendment to insert an item of
9500,000 for establishing in Washington a
Latin-American memorial library, the site
to be selected by the secretary of state and
the building to be erected under his di
rection and supervision having been
reached, Mr. Test opposed it as part of a
sentimental programme to secure com
merce with the South American states. It
was nensense to expect that any glamor
could be thrown over the subject in , the
way of sentiment that would bring such
trade. Besides there was now being
erected a magnificent library building at t
cost of 6,000,000, and certain rooms in that
building might be dedicated to the purpoEo
indicated in the amendment.
Mr. Hawley concurred with everything
Mr. Test said. It would be better to take a
section or branea of the congressional li
brary and entitle it the Latin-American
memorial library. He offered an amend
ment to that effect and appropriating
925,009 for the purpose.
The amendment went over without ac
Mr. Spooner moved to increase the limit
of cost of the public building at Milwaukee
by 9100,00a Agreed to.
Having disposed of fifteen pages of the
bill, it was laid aside until tomorrow.
The senate bill to further suspend for
ten years the statute in relation to the
Guano islands was taken from the calen
dar and passed.
The house bill opening to settlement a
portion of the Fort Randall military reser
vation in South Dakota, with amendments,
was passed. Adjourned.
The a Bouse.
Wabhtngton, July 10. After prayer this
morning the democratic programme was
opened by Outhwalte raising a point of
order that there was no quorum present.
This put a stop to business for a short
time, but when a quorum finally appeared
other dilatory motions were offered by the
democratic members, wh ch had the effect
of preventing any business.
Mr. Enloe of Tennessee wanted the Jour
nal corrected, it being recoraed that on a
certain vote he was present and not voting.
It was so corrected.
Mr. FIthlan and Mr. Williams of Illinois
then rose to have the journal corrected.
bat the temporary speaker, Mr. Burroughs,
recognized Mr. Gannon, who moved the
approval of the lournal and demanded the
previous question. The previous question
was ordered 104 to 8 the speaker count
ing a quorum.
Mr. FIthlan and Mr. Williams then srtoke
at some length about an error in recording
tneir names, ootn stating mat they were
not present during roll call.
After considerable discussion the Journal
was approved without changing the vote
of Messrs. FIthlan and Williams yeas 103,
The conference report on the diplomatic
ana consular appropriation 0111 was adopt
ed: yeas 114. navs 66.
Mr. Fnnston of Kansas submitted and the
house passed the conference report on the
agricultural appropriation Dill.
The house then went into committee of
tne wnoie on tne land grant forfeiture bllL
Mr. McAdoo of New Jersey SDoke of the
efferts of the democratic houses to forfeit
the unearned land grants and of the steady
opposition of the senate to these efforts.
Now both houses being in the control of
the republicans a compromise had been
Ktchedup. The pending measure might
entitled a "Bill to compound a felony
wren tne railroads wmon nave stolen the
Pending further discussion the commit
tee rose and tne nouse aujourneu.
Washington, July 1L Mr. Perkins of
Kansas presented the conference report on
the bill granting the right of way across
the Mille Lacs Indian reservation . to the
Little Falls, Mille Lacs ft Lake Superior
railroad company, which was adopted.
The committee on Indian affairs today
decided on a favorable report to be made
on the substitute for the Dorsey bill ex
tending the time for payment by purchas
ers of Omaha Indian lands in Nebraska.
The substitute was framed to meet the
objections made by the president .in his
message vetoing the original bill on th
The house committee on military affairs
today directed a favorable report on the
bill to revive the rank of lieutenant cren-
eral of f he army. Tne bill . permits the
S resident to appoint to that office an of
cer distinguished for his skill and bravery
in the late war and the office la , to expire
upon his retirement.
uonger or lowa presented the conference
report on the silver bill. After It was read
the question of consideration was called
up by Mr. Bland of Missouri. The Question
was put: "Will the house proceed to the
consideration of the conference report
and agreed to yeas 106, nays 44 the
speaker being unable to record a quorum,
A call of thehouse was then ordered.
On the call 194 members more than a
quorum responded to their names. It
was then scrreed. on the stunrestion of Mr.
Blount of Georgia, that four hours' debate
would do allowed to-morrow on the report
at the end of which time the .previous
question would be ordered. The house
then took a recess, the evening session, to
be for the consideration of private pension
At the evening session, on the first pen
sion bill being called up, Ealoe of Tenn
essee made the point of no Quorum and
the house adjourned.
Washington, July 12. In the house today
Dingley ef Maine presented a memorial of
the state . conference of Congregational
churches of Maine for the passage of the
"origin al package" bllL Referred.
uonger of lowa then called uo the con
ference report on the silver bllL
Alter considerable debate the conference
report was agreed to by a strict party vote
yeas 122, nays 90. Fifty pairs were an
nounced. The bill now eroes to the president for
his signature. . .
Washington, July 14. The house spent
the day on District of . Columbia matters
and nothing of Importance was' accom
plished. Big Loss of Life by Drowning.
Halifax, N. &, July 11. A terrible acci
dent oocuried at Dartmouth to-night, by
which a number of people were drowned,
but the exact number of victims will not
be known till to-morrow. The disaster
happened by reason of a chain attached to
a ferry boat slipping out of place and al
lowing the front of the bridge to sink and
precipitate the crowd of 600 or 700 men.
women and children into the Water.
The outer end of the bridge went down
suddenly and the terror stricken crowd
slipped off Into the harbor as though they
were descending a toboggan slide, piling
on top of each other, shrieking for help
and scrambling for places of safety. For
some minutes there was a confused mass.
Men. women and children were strug
gling in the water. Before the accident
had hardly happened a dozen men leaped
to the rescue. The drowning people were
rapidly passed up to men standing above
on the wharves and the rapidity with
which the rescuers performed the work re
sulted in a great majority of those who fell
in being " saved from death. When the
crowd stepped off the landing stage the
people around, numbering some hundreds.
crowded to the side or the wharf and
threw sticks and boards to the Btrusr&rllnfr
mass In the water, while a number of life
preservers were thrown them from the
steamer. Many people were struck and
Injured by flying boards and all the bodies
recovered bear cuts and bruises. The
statements of the spectators show that
most of those who fell in were women and
children and the scenes Immediately fol
lowing the disaster were frightful.
When all those in sight had Been brought
to land the work of grapplng for the
drowned ones commenced. Within two
hours four bodies were recovered, but up
to midnight no other victims had been
found. It is believed that at least three or
four others were lost, but the exact num
ber cannot be told at present. Intense ex
citement prevailed In Dartmouth and Hall
fax when the news of the'die aster spread
and theusands flocked to the scene, where
they remained until a late hour watching
those working in the water. Owing to the
confuslen it is Impossible to tell who are
misoing, but the number cannot be less
than ten or twelve. .
A Whole Town Destroyed.
Poete of Spain, July 10. Details con
cerning the destruction on June 22, of tie
town of Ft. De France, in the French
island of Martinique, have just reached
here. Immediately after the catastrophe
Governor Gaese of Martinique sent an ap
peal for assistance to tne governor of
Trinidad, assuring him that three-quarters
of the location had been ruined and that
more than 5,000 persons were without
homes and food. The legislative council
this morning voted 92,000 in aid of the suf
ferers. On Saturday, June 21, on receipt
of th? news of the fire at Ft De France two
steamers with men and pumps on board
were sent from St. Pierre, and on their ar
rival at Ft. De France the whole town was
in flames. The fire had destroyed every
thing within a space of over one hundred
yards up to Biver Madame. It was not un
til the wood wovk of the president's office
had caught fire that the pumps arrived ana
oiganised measures adopted to save the
buildings which, after hours of hard strug
gle was accomplished.
The loss is very considerable, 1,700 houses
having been destroyed, valued at 12,000,
000 francs i92,400,000) and the furniture at
800,000 f rancis, making a total loss of 9300,
000,000. it is impossible at this moment to
tell the number of victims. Twelve bodies
have, however, been recovered. , many
charred beyond recognition, and others
fearfully mutilated. Fifteen soldiers are
receiving attention at the hospital, many
ef them seriously and one fatally wounded.
The number of persons injured is consider
able. Fully three-quarters of the town is
destroyed and seven-eighths of the inhabi
tants are homeless. Various British West
India islands have aided with grants of
money their afflicted sister colony.
Three Ladles Killed. t
Albany, N. Y., July id Passengers ar
riving here in a special train from Oswego
to this city on the Lehigh Valley railroad,
report that a carriage , containing five
ladles was struck one and one-half miles
this side of Oswego and three of the occu
pants of the vehicle were killed and the
others badly Injured. The names of those
killed are Mrs. Bartbland of Tioga county,
Mrs. James Sbat and Mrs. Ferry Wltsmarsh.
Mrs. Thomas Behan and Mrs. Harvey Tan
tDoterwere badly hurt, but It la thought
hey will resorer.
Deadly Work of a Tornado.
Lakx Crrr, Minn., July IS. What will
probably prove to be the most disastrous
cyclone that has ever struck this commun
ity passed over thla city at 9 o'clock this
evening, Inflicting a loss of life of perhaps
two hundred people and damaging prop
erty to an extent that at this writing can
not be estimated.
St. Papx, Minn., July 1& It Is reported
that twenty-five lives have been lost at
Coleman's lake, twenty to thirty at Little
Canada and two at lake Johanna, by a cy
clone. The damage to preperty is exten
sive. The news was brought by passen
gers arriving by train from the region
affected. They say that no news was ob
tainable from White Bear lake, where
there are many excursionists. If the cy
clone reached that point It must have
caused great loss of life there.
The cottages of Messrs. Schurmeler and
Gideon at Lake Goihals were totally de
stroyed by the cyclone and five were killed
and ten injured.
Sr. Paux, Minn., July IS. Reports from
outlying towns show that the storm visit
ed destruction upon many places. While
the central storm point was at Lake Kohl
man, the wind was of the force of a hurri
eane over all of the territory north of St.
Paul and its track was marked by ruin for
a distance of fourteen miles, beginning
at Lake Maoaaron and extending across to
Lake Tadnals, the storm left nothing stand
ing the path. Farm houses were unroofed,
all standing grain prostrated and trees up
rooted. Vague reports of loss of life are
oomlng in continually. ; At New Canada it
Is reported that twenty lives were lost and
Minneapolis, July 14, The Journal's lied
Wing, Minn., special says the bodies of
those drowned in Lake Pepin last night to
the number of sixty-two were brought to
this city at 6 o'clock this morning. The
whole town is in - mourning. Immediately
upon the arrival of the steamer the bodies
were carried to the respective homes of
It is now aulte probable that there are
fifty or sixty persons missing in addition
to the list identified. It Is thought that all
of these are in the wreck which lies off the
point near Lake City. The undertaking
establishment here is crowded with friends
of the dead and many oases of prostration
have occurred. Business Is completely at
a standstill. John Gerkln, wife and five
children, comprising the entire family,
are among the dead. .
Lake Crrr, Minn., July 14. Surrounded
by beautiful bluffs and farming lands Lake
Pepin's unraffl edsurfaoe today gave little
evidence of the fierce struggle with the
elements and the death-dealing fury of the
storm that raged off this city last night.
With scarcely a note of warning there
burst upon this region one of the severest
storms known in its history and a loss of
life probably greater than any other single
calamity that ever visited any part .of the
Sixty-eight bodies had been recovered
and Identified when the earch was discon
tinued at dark tonight. , How many more
were lost is a matter of uncertainty.
The excursion steamer Sea King of Dia
mond Bluff had carried a party of two hun
dred or more excursionists to the oamp of
the First regiment of the Minnesota Na
tional Guard, just below the city. When
the day was coming to a close Captain
Weatheren prepared to return the boat
load to their homes. Many of them feared
the approaching storm and arked that he
postpone the boat's departure until the
storm had blown over. Thinking the
storm would not prove serious, he would
not consent, but at about 8 o'clock started
off up the lake toward Bed Wing, nearly
two hundred passengers being on board.
The wind was blowing a gale. A point of
land runs out from the Minnesota shore
lust above this place, across from which Is
known as Maiden Book, lo pass around
this point it is necessary for a steamer to
turn slightly toward the Wisconsin shore,
and immediately the hurricane seized hold
of the already struggling and cracking ves
sel and twisted it out of the control of her
engine and crew. An attempt was made to
beach her, but failed, and over she went
with her great load . of passengers. The
barge, Jim Grant, which was in tow and on
which about one quarter of the excursion
ists had crowded, was also seized, her
awning being crushed in and the passen
gers thrown into the water. This hap
pened Just below the point, and as the
helpless hulks drifted before the gale the
steamer righted herself for a moment, bmt
in anotner moment was Keeled over. The
barge broke loose and drifted down oppo
site the town and those still on board,
about twenty in number, were rescued.
The steamer drifted In back of the point
and sank. Many were saved, however, and
the heroism of a number of rescuers can
not be too highly praised.
Corporal R. L Perry compelled the spec
tators to assist him and saved the lives of
eighteen of those who were still clinging
to the wreck. Others there were like nlm
and over sixty were rescued from what
seemed certain death.
Status of the Census.
Washington, July 11. It is very probable
that in the matter of population New .York
will be the most disappointed city In the
union when the official returns to the cen
sus bureau are made known. It la ex
pected that the count of New York will be
finished tomorrow morning or tomorrow
afternoon, and it is generally believed that
this official count will show that the rough
estimate by the supervisors of New York
placing the population of the metropolis
at 1,700,000 was no less than 2X),000 above
the number. In other words New York's
population will only be' about ' 1,500,000.
Chicago and Philadelphia are still nip and
tuck for second place. Their population
will be in the neighborhood of 1,2C0,000,
with a slight variation for the thind place.
Brooklyn comes fourth with some 800,000
population, St Louis fifth with 448,000.
Boston with 437.000 comes sixth. Baltimore
seventh with 433.000. It Is likely that Cin
cinnati will be eighth and San Francisco
ninth. Strange as it may appear the me
tropolis of the Pacific slope is hard pressed
for t e ninth position by the comparative
ly insignificant town of Buffalo in New
York. Buffalo's Increase in the last ten
years has been phenomenal, and It is by no
means improbable that It has outstripped
San Fr ax clsco. It is almost too -early as
yet to indulge in comment on the general
result of the census, but 1t may be stated
that while the rate of increase In the
northern and Atlantlo slope states
has been about the same
the western states have increased at an
almost fabulous rate. Of the southern
states, Alabama, Georgia and Texas will
show a marvelous Increase of population,
but the other southern states will remain
about the same. In this connection it may
be mentioned that it is very probable this
census will show that the rat of increase
among the blaoks has fallen far behind the
rate of increase of the whites, a fact which
wid go to. disprove many of the state
ments regarding the fecundity of the col
ored race. The census bureau Is now
enumerating the returns at the rate of one
million a day. As a matter of face two
million a day are being counted, because
on each day, beside the one million of new
names counted the million counted the
previous day are recounted to insure ab
solute accuracy. It is believed the popu
lation of the United States will be about
sixty-six million. On this basis It will take
at least sixty days and possibly seventy to
complete the entire count, As the count
was begun mere than two weeks ago it is
reasonable to believe that it will be con
cluded about the first of September. The
question now suggests Itself whether or
net it may be feasible for the present con
gress to determine the' reapportionment
The outlook Is that it will be distinctly
possible and certainly desirable to deter
mine the reapportionment at the present
session. . .-. a . . JLk
Fremont la Dead.
New Yokx, July 13. General John.0. Fre
mont died at his residence, No. 4V, west
Twenty-fifth street, at 4 o'clock this after
noon. .Ha death was , sudden .and- unex
pected and resulted from anattaok of
perltonitus. " Dr. Martin' ' attended . the
patient but was unable to afford relief.
The general was out on Friday,1 in appar
ently good health. His son. Lieutenant J.
a Fremont of the navy. Was present at
the general's death bed. ' f
General Fremont was born January 21,
1813, at Savannah, Ga., his father being a
French immigrant ' He was graduated at
Charleston college, taught mathematics,
became an engineer in the government
employ in the west received a commission
as lieutenant of engineers, explored . tho
Kooky mountain regl n and gained great
fame by his suooessf ul penetration to the
Pacific coast through almost ' incredible
hardships. He took a prominent part In
the conquest of California, was elected as
one of tne first United States senators from
that state (1861-51). was the first republican
candidate ror president in 1856, served In
the union army ai a major-general
(1861-62), was nominated for the presidency
by the Cleveland convention of 1864,
but declined the nomination and
has not since taken an active part in poli
tics, though be was appointed governor of
Arizona in 1878. Of late years he has been
engaged in promoting southern railroad
enterprises. His wife, formerly Jessie
Benton, daughter of the famous Thomas
Benton of Missouri, survives , him, Mrs.
Fremont is at present at Los Angeles, CaL,
with her daughter Elizabeth A son,
Frank P. Fremont, is at Fc Hnelling, Minn.
General Fremont died at the - residence of
his adopted daughter Nina, wife of Colonel
Porter. His illness dates from last Tues
day when the thermometer reached 100 de
grees. He took a trip to Sea Bright, and
felt the effect of the heat and the exertion.
On Friday a chill , ensued and inflamma
tion of the bowels rapidly developed.
Frightful Loss of Liic . .
Chicago, July U. A frightful explosion
occurred tonight on the . steamer Tioga,
oneot the largest vessels on the great
lakes. Thirty-eight people were aboard
the steamer at the time. When the work
of rescuing the survivors, which com
menced almost instantly, was well under
way, only two persons could bo found who
esoaped unhurt . ;
Besides the missing who belonged here
there must have been thirteen to fifteen
other men killed and a dozen wounded.
These were laborers in the hold, who w ere
doing the. unloading. Eight colored men
are positively stated to have been below
and six or seven others were at the hatches
aiding their f eliow-workers at the doors
The explosion occurred in the held, not
in the machinery or boilers, as near as I
could ascertain and was probably due to
some combustible freight
Up to 11:30 p. m. nine dead bodies had
been taken from the wreck and five more
wounded were oonveyed to hospitals. The
Tioga's stern was settled to the bottom of
tne river, out it is not aeep there, the
decks were still above the surface. It la
estimated that 975,000 will cover the dam
age to the vessel and cargo. This amount
la believed to be fully insured.
A clearer idea or tne cause of the explo
sion could be obtained about midnight,
when the boilers and cargo could be ex
amined. . The boilers seemed intact The
cargo was kerosene, gasoline and cotton.
The inference is drawn that the leaking of
the kerosene saturated the cotton and gen
erated gases which ignited when lanterns
were taken into the hold.
'.San Salvador in a State of Siege.
La Libkbtap, Ban Salvador, July 14, The
government today issued a proclamation
declaring the country in a state of siege.
War with Guatemala is imminent Nearly
twenty thousand troops are stationed
along this side of the frontier. Great en
The Weather Crop Bulletin.
Washington, July 12. The weather crop
bulletin says: The weather durinir the
past week was favorable to all trowing
crops in Mlnneeeta, but it was nnf averable
in South Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska, Mht!
souri and southern Illinois, owing to con.
tinned drought, and in some sections the
recent hot weather foroed the rineninir of
grain, causing shrinkage. Corn and hay
are suffering for rain in Nebraska and
southern Illinois. All crops are improved
in Michigan, where harvesting Is in pro
gress. Drought has continued in Kentucky
and Tennessee, where dry, hot weather re
sulted In some injury to crops. .
London, July 12. The marriage of Henry
M. Stanley and Miss Dorothy Tennaat took
place at Westminister abbey this after
noon. The ceremony was performed by
Dean Bradlv. Archblahon Farrar um lir,1
' m m m ' m
Salt Lake, Utah, July 14. At a school
election todsy the gentiles carried three
and perhaps four ef the precincts, irlvin
them a majority board of education.
Ccntennary of Methoilism.
Boston, July 12. The centennary of
methodlsmof Boston was celebrated thla
afternoon by a meeting near ' the sight
where on 100 rears aoro todav Bar. Jem 1
Lee preached the first Methodist sermon
ever preaened in una city, uommie Lee s
pulpit was a table lent him by a carpentr
and his canopy was the old elm on , th
common. Today's exercises, which wers
largely attended by the clergy of th
Methodist and other denominations, at
well as by the laity, consisting of musio,
invocation, scriptural readings, a poem,
a a address and a historical statement on
the progress of methodism by Bev. B. Bet.
Prayer by Bsv. A. 8. Hemier and boncdie.
tion by Bev. J. W. Lindsay , brought thi
meeting to a close. r
Tho Latest Fatlent.
New Yokx, July 13. The latest patient to
arrive at Dr. Glbier's Pasteur institute is an
Arizona cowboy, who was batten by a coy
ote or skunk while sleeping on the ground.
His three companions, who were also bit
ten, have since died. Dr. Gibler tnooculatad
the cowboy, but is doubtful whether h'
case comes properly under the treatment
1 . July Frost. ,
BBoexwATvnxx. . Pa, July 11. Light
frosts were notioed on the hills this morn
ing. Tho frost was not enough to hut
anything, but sufficient to be a novelty in
. ... s
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