The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892, July 12, 1890, Image 1

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"THERE IS NOTHING WHICH IS HU AN THAT IS ALIEN TO ME." Terence. ' "
VOL. II. LINCOLN, NEBRASKA SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1890. ' nV . - NO. 4.
11 " 1 11 '- ,ir " 11 1 . . . . . . .... . 1
i
.-I
TeaJty to Party Treason to Humanity.
Che only motive for the existence of
a political party after it has awora-
jfushed its missioa is the opportunity
"'that it gives to designing aspirants to
divide up the loaves and fishes. When
ever a party roaches this stage, which
it does AvithiK eight or ten years, it
'necessarily becomes corrupt eud the
general good demands its removal.
In'the general progress of the people,
parties stre -organized to secure certain
changes ;wfcich seem desirable. The
democratfe-party of early days was or
ganized to concentrate the; democratic
spirit of 3re' country against the aristo
cratic tendencies of Federalism. In a
few years it became the chosen repre
sentative of a slave-holding aristocracy.
In the course 61 time the republican
party was organized frir'the purpose of
trrystalizing the popular sentiment of
the country against the rule of slaveoc
racy. Within eight vears from its'
first success in lyOO, it had accom
plished its mission and had started "On
the road of establishing a plutocracy
more dangerous to the liberties Wf lhd
people than chattel slavery. 1
Yet the people in their blind trust' in
their party leaders did not see these
'dangerous tendencies, and the party
which should have been swept aside in
18G8, assisted by its democratic coun
terpart, i.s still administering the gov
ernment in the interest of monopoly,
'moneyed and otherwise, and against
the people. By a false system of finance
it has imposed upon the people a bur
den of debt from which the37 cannot es
cape until its favorite financial policy
is abolished. It has given away our
public domain by the 100,000,000 of
acres to corporations while it has per-
mitted other millions of acres to pass
"into the hands of Avealthy syndicates,
foreign and domestic.
The burdens imposed by this malad
ministration of public affairs have at
last aroused a large mass of the great
plain people of the country, and they
are looking for a remedy. They have
' in past years been urging needed re
forms upon the political parties, but
with no avail. At last they have dis
covered the self evident truth that a
party cannot reform itself. Whenever
it has accomplished its mission, it be
comes at once a banner to any further
progress and must be swept aside be
fore another step forward can be taken.
As the country grows older and the eco
nomic education of the people becomes
more complete, long-lived political par
ties will become a thing unknown, and
the average citizen will realize that
fidelity to party may be treason to the
rights of humanity. " Until this time
comes the cause of progress must de
pend upon the breaking up and disinte
gration of established parties. The
long perpetuation of a political party
must in the very nature of things be a
menace to the best interests of humani
ty, and people who owe their first alle
giance to a governmens of the people,
by the people and for the people, must
continue to revolt against party rule.
Industrial World.
The Fourth in Nuckolls County.
Nelson, July 5, 1890.
Editor State Alliance:
Will you allow the following in the
columns of your paper? The Nuckolls
county farmers picnic held on the
Fourth was a grand success. The pic
nic was held in one of the delightful
groves of the covmty, on the bank of the
Elk, consisting of alliance men and
their families, and citizens of every po
litical shade, with well-filled baskets,
mingled together as one great happy
family. Ihe day was "exceptionally
fine, the grounds all that could be de
sired; good tempered and good humored
crowds, laughing children and smiling
maids, all contributed to impress one
with the great good the teachings of the
Alliance exercises on all within their
influence. Nothing approaching drunk
enness or rowdyism by debarring all
intoxicating drinks from our social
gatherings.
Everybody was surprised at the up
rising of industrial classes, and the gen
eral inquiry was "where did they come
from." Never since the days on '61 has
there been such a unity of action among
the producing classes; never have the
laboring classes manifested such zeal
and earnestness as now in behalf of
their own welfare. The political delu
sions are passing away like a dark
cloud from off the sun, and they are be
ginning to realize the condition that
the G. O. P. has brought to us, with
Blaine's boasted protection.
The simple word "success" would
not describe the result. Of the Alli
ance, upwards of 1,000 members of the
county, with their wives and families
availed themselves of the line weather
to pass the day so long looked for.
Precisely at 11 o'clock the great
crowd gathered at the speaker's stand.
"When President W. G. Bradley of
Nuckolls county Alliance, called the
meeting to order. The hymn "Star
Spangled Banner" was then sung by a
chorus, and the audience. Prayer" by
llev. Cannon, Address of welcome by
the tried and true John Rouse. After
song, and music by the Nelson Superior
Cornet band, came dinner, served in
ro3al style by the ladies present. After
dinner the immense crowd gathered at
the stand to hear the gifted orator, the
speech of Brother Voldo, which was
fraught with force and truth upon the
issues that confront the tax -burdened
people of America to-day. There was a
magic charm in the voice of the orator;
the great crowd like bees in a hive stood
spell-bound for nearly two hours quiet
ly listening to the truth as it fell from
his lips. I have heard the grand old
man, Gladstone; the calm, deliberate,
good John Bright; the fiery Roebuck
of England; our own Chas. Summer,
Trumbull, S. A. Douglas, and tlfe loved
Lincoln. Never have I seen more close
attention than was awarded to Venier
Voldo. Step by step he traced the rise
and fall of ancient empires through the
ages to the present time, and by our
corrupt financial system we are nearing
the dreaded precipice, and the mass of
voters through ignorance are . respon
sible for it. To trespass upon the col
umns of your good paper further for
bids me dwelling upon other exercises
of the day. It was the greatest and
most orderly turnout Nuckolls county
has ever had, there being upwards of
6,000 people present, and the grandest
success for the cause of reform.
John H. Hunt,
One of Old England's Radical Sons.
An Open Letter to His Bucolic Majesty
Farmer Howe.
'Lincoln, &eb., July, 1890.
Being in my taodest way a fellow farm
er, Church, lxeel the iuiier ireeuom in
writing in my familiar way to you at
present. I write in print merely to
save your precious time. I fear you
could not command leisure to decipher
my grotesque hyeroglyphies. The
horny hand of the farmer, you know, is
stiff and so alien to the pen that his
chirography is often not decipherable.
The patient typo with his brilliant in
genuity can often supply the illegible
parts and -give them a better appear
ance than if he could read the manu
script. -Let us then be duly thankful to
our mutual friend for saving your time
and covering my many defects. On ac
count or brevity being the soul of wit I
will eschew prolixity.
Invislr merely to congratulate vou on
ycu'i resignation of the high office that
yo have so honorably held in the M.
P-R.5li.' Co. I hope that no critic will
sneer at me as being ancient in this, for
it ought to be previous enough if it
reaches publicity before the resignation
itself happens. 1 do not wish either, of
course, to insinuate that it hasn't oc
curred, for if like , Edward Bellamy we
stand in fancy on the threshold of a dis
tant century nothing can be more pro
bable than the said resignation through
the assertion of your Mortality is effect
ed. The resignation being established
by this incontrovertible testimony I de
scend to date and will endeavor to
speak as one of the present age. Let
the humility of my pastoral extraction
apologise for my circumscribed vocabu
lary and defective diction. You are, I
know, unaccustomed to vulgar associa
tions but know that in me too are
some primordeal rudiments of the god
manlike, and that I may rise as you
have from the low level of a farmer to
the exalted sphere of a farmer legis
lator. '
Let me congratulate you not so much
on account of the resignation as upon
your sudden awakening to the fact that
he who is servant to a grasping, gro
veling, extortionate, plundering, dia
bolic, spoil-sated corporation is forced
to surrender his individuality. You
are termed "brainy," and truly you
must be. A sublimer display of high
brain power is quite beyond the range
of human conception than that a man
should discover in only twTenty-flve years
pliant servitude to a corporation faintly
described above, that such obsequious
service to evil powers tends to dwarf
manhood to corrode individuality.
Yes, Church, you would necessarily
"surrender individuality" in further
servile compliance to the dictates of a
corporate nest of eastern Shylocks.
Another sublime manifestation of brain
power is in being able to determine the
exact year, month and day on which to
offer that saving resignation. A less
brainy man might have let this "tide in
the affairs of men" you know pass by,
a.nd have offered his resignation an
hour or a month too late, and so with
out really intending it "surrender his
individuality." Untether your imagi
nation, dear reader, let it wander be
yond the orbit of Neptune and Uranus,
past the circle of Urion and Cassiopeia,
Sast the mazy constellations of the far
lilky Way that celestial key-board on
which the lingers of God glided delight
ed in creation's new morn, when nrst
the stars sang together, and conceive if
you may the transcendental nicety of
genius requsite to determine the last
point to which a soul can stray into the
noxious valley of corruption and yet re
sist the "surrendering of individuality."
Let us rejoice that our glorious Howe
has preserved his, and be exceeding
glad!
Or in soberness let us remember that
the modern politician (Howe being a
typical specimen) has no individuality,
but Faustus-like has given for base con
siderations a first mortgage to Mephis
topheles on his soul, the records where
of are duly filed and recorded in the
fire-proof archives of hell.
The sucker that with but one poor
eye cannot see the hook baited with the
thin transparent lie of R. R. Resigna
tion, monornetalism or other transpar
ency, but who darts forward with open
mouth and shut eyes and swallows
hook, sinker, bob, line, pole, lie and all
because presented by a sleek and smil
ing villain, deserves no pity when he
lands on the hot sands of destruction,
while the shrewd angler smiles on, but
with a sinister emphasis which the poor
sucker begins to see as he miserably
yields the ghost. "Spectfully,"
Farmer P.
The Celebration at Wabash.
Wabash, Neb., July 5th, 1890.
Editor Alliance: The biggest and
mo'st imposing celebration ever held in
Cass county was held at the boating
park at Wabash on July Fourth under
the auspices of the County Farmers'
Alliance. There were acres of people,
fully 8,000. Delegations from Eagle,
Elmwood, Greenwood, Victoria, Weep
ing Water, South Bend, Manley, Union,
Eight Mile Grove, Ashland, and from
other localities, headed by bands of mu
sic began to arrive early, and were met
by the Wabash Alliance and escorted to
the boating park. Ihe Eagle and Elm-
wood delegations made a line of teams
over two nines in length, and other
delegations were over a mile in length.
Hosts of Hags made the air a streaming
banner. Ihe assembled thousands were
called together at 10-30 by C. LeMasters,
president .of the County Alliance, who
gave short history of the organization
and principles of the Alliance. Prayer
was offered by Rev. Edward Root, of
Weeping Water. The declaration of
Independence was read by Mrs. Willard
13. Phillips, of South Bend. Hon. W. L.
Cundiff, of Lincoln, delivered the ora
tion. The Citizens band, of Ashland,
furnished excellent music for the occa
sion. After dinner addresses were
made by Rev.. N. M. Allen, of Union,
Hon. L. G. Todd and D. Wr. Foster, of
Nehawka. Various games and sports
were then announced, and the crowd
then dispersed to enjoy themselves at
boating ) on the lake, witnessing the
races on the park course, ball games
and other sports. The exercises closed
with a magnificent display of fire works
and a grand ball in the nark hall. It
was a great day. Any one who did not
enjoy the patriotic display was hard to
piease ana snort in tne love of his coun
try. B. F.Allen.,
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An Interesting Letter from Brother L.
V Heney.
Ogden, Utah, July 4, 1890.
Editor Farmers' Alliance: I will
write you a few lines today that you
may know the whereabouts of myself
and wife, and if you see fit to publish
these lines the friends' in general will
also hear from us. Wre left Hansen,
Neb., on June loth. The first town
next morning was Julesburg. . Came
in sight ol the mountains and snow.
It was cool and pleasant until we ar
rived at Rawlins, when it was too cold
to be pleasant out of the car. When
we got to Green River we found a good
fire in the depot, and I had to put on
my big overcoat, and then was none too
warm. We changed cars at Green
River for Ogden. The stove in the car
was kept red hot until we reached this
place. We arrived here June 26. It is
warm here in the middle of the day.
The thermometer goes up to 90 in the
shade, but the nights are cool and fine
for sleep. Mountains are in sight on all
sides of the city. On the north and
east they are covered with snow, which
is about twelve miles distant, but' only
looks to be about one-half mile. The
city is laid off in blocks 40 rods square
or ten acres to the block. The main
streets are eight rods wide. Water
runs through all the streets. The city
was laid out by the Latter Day saints.
The city has a good system of water
works. The water is supplied from
Ogden river, which Hows through Og
den cannon from the northeast. The
great carnival of Rex the Second is in
progress and the city is in holiday at
tire. The city has been at a great ex
pense to prepare for the carnival.
We have visited the Hot Springs sev
eral times. There are three of them
nine miles north of the city. The tem
perature of the water is 145 degrees.
A ten minute bath in the hot plunge
will sweat about two quarts of water
from a person. They are highly recorn
mended for most all diseases that flesh
is heir to. The U. P. R. R. runs two
trains each day to the springs from
Ogden. The fare is 50 cents for the
round trip, and a bath. The springs
are situated at the base of the moun
tain, from which one has a eroocl view
of the Great Salt Lake. We shall
spend a week or two here yet, when we
shall go to Waitsburg, Washington,
where I will receive The Alliance
and other mail. Living here is as cheap
as in Lincoln. Hotel charges are from
$1.00 to $2.50 per day. Restaurants 25
cents per meal, lodging from 25 to 75
cents. We rented a furnished room' at
$5.00 per week. I think that 1 feel bet
ter than when I left home. The only
trouble seems to be to get sleep enough.
I meet a good many of the G. A. R.
men here, but none of the N. F. A. yet.
The city made arrangements for 50,
000 visiters during carnival week, but
from the best information --I can -get
they have fallen short of their expecta
tions. But there is a big crowd here
and lots of business being done. But
the saloons seem to have the best. I
have seen but few drunk men yet.
Have not seen ' any fights and only
heard of One. There is a Targe section
north of the city in agriculture; but all
has to be irrigated. It looks strange to
a Nebraskan to see the water running
between the rows of corn and potatoes,
and the pastures covered with water
too. Alfalfa is the main crop for hay,
which sells for $8 per ton on the street.
Brothers of the N. F. A., keep in line
and may success crown your efforts.
L. Henry.
Individuality in Politics.
Brothers of Alliance 812: That is
the sentiment to-day. Let us erase the
word "party" from the political dic
tionary and try if for once "Old Hon
esty as the best policy" cannot be in
stalled through the present grand
movement among the laboring classes
of Nebraska. What need of a party
lash in any form where every man of
us is head and heart in the work of re
form and have at last both eyes well
open to the corrupt methods of the
past and with a hopeful view of the fu
ture. We as farmers have been in a Fool's
Paradise for a long series of years, and
calculate from what we know through
sad experience the time has arrived to
clear the way for action. Then, Hoo
ray boys! Now for the fray!
What have we learnt?
1st. That to help oneself is the first
step in Independence.
2d. lhat to help each other is the
second step and will carry a long way.
3d. That the two combined is the
only sure means of giving life, strength
ana system to a growth which the
farmers intend shall be a good healthy
one. '
Let all classes attend to their own
business, especially in politics. Three
farmers (and one of them Church
Howe) in a senate of thirty-three does
not have an agricultural appearance,
and no surprise should be felt that the
state motto has become reversed to
"Law before Equality" when the legal
profession is so largely represented. A
little good law and that made plain will
suit the common people better than the
present library of elaborate wording
and continual provisos which as often
opens a way of escape to the guilty and
a snare to the honest. There is no
good reason why the farmer or me
chanic should not have a larger share
and know better what they need in the
way of legislation.
Then we ask:
1st. For full representation.
2d. For an honest one.
As to the first a strong pull all to
gether is the key. What do vou sav
brothers of the Alliance and Knights of
Liaoor to pulling the same rope and the
same way. Let it be a good new cabls
that will hold the Ship of State from
breaking on the rocks of party conten
tion and class ambition.
Then Hooray boys! Forward March !
Chas. Nash.
Great Britain May Retaliate.
London, July 4. All indications point to
a determined effort led by Mr. Howard
Vincent, in the British parliament to dis
criminate sgainst United Slates experts in
retaliation lor the McKlnley tariff bill. The
government, however, has so much im
portant business on its lists that it is un
likely that such a measure, involving' a
radical departure from the free tiad prin
ciples of half a cntory would receive seri
ous consideration during1 the present ses
sion. Ia France, however, the adoption of
retaliatory measures is certain as soon as
the McKinley bill becomes a law.
NEBRASKA NEWS.
The Railroad Assessment.
The assessment of the railroad and
elegraph properties in this state, made
by the state !xard of equalization May
17, were vith-held until today to await
the decision of the supreme oonrt in
the Mad icon county cose.
Average assessed valuation per mile,
$5,788.12. The total assessed valua
tion of the Pullman and Wagner palace
cars in the state is $88,740; of telegrsph
properties, $188,90G 45. The Western
union $184,426.45 ; the Postal, $4,480.
In General.
New hay is selling at $7 per ton at
Kearney. r- ,
The actual resident population "of
North Platte is 8,300.
Unofficial returns givo Nebraska a
populationof 1,210,000.
: Ground has been broken once mre
for the Kearney cotton mill.
The Superior creamery plant will
be sold Saturday at sheriffs s?.le.
The new town of Allen in , Dixon
county is to have a newspaper.
Bayard can give work to 5 a good
shoemaker and a first-class lawyer.
The organizaticu of the Polk county
veterans' league will be perfected at
Oceola July 12. ' ,
Reports from a more or less official
source give O'Neill the Pacific Short
Line machine eliops.
The assessors of iChase county have
nearly all appealed from ; the cut in
heir wages made by the commissioners.
The post-office at Gaslin will soon
be discontinued, the people in that vi
cinity getting their mail at 1 'radj
Island. i
Jurgen Clausen, a wealthy farmer
living four miles north of Milford, com
mitted suicide by cutting his throat
with a razor. . ;
The postmaster's salary at North
Bend has been increased from $1,000
to $1,100 under readjustment of sal
aries of third-class postmasters for the
next fiscal year. ' I.,
The general merchandise store of
Maxwell, Sharp & Boss company at
Norfolk was damaged by fir to the ex
tent of $1,500, which it; fully covered
by insurance. -"-'-"-' -w-. - -
"While playing with matches in a'
barn at Gothenburg the fonr-y ear-old
son of Anton Jenkins was burned to
death. The child was so horribly
burned that the parents were not per
mitted to see it.
Two Greeley men have inaugurated
jk reform in bill collecting. Failing to
collect a small amount from a promi
nent citizen they threw him to the
floor and relieved him of a fine gold
wt.tch. Thev were arrested on a
charge of robbery, but the case was
dismissed.
Grand Island special: A cow be
longing to Carl Schwench gave birth
to triplets which are curiosities. The
first had two regularly formed heads,
the second was minus the hind legs,
but otherwise it was perfectly formed.
Both were dead when born. The third
was naturally formed, but died in a
few hours.
Kearney special. The articles of in
corporation of the Kearney cotton mill
have been filed. The capital stock is
$100,000. The incorporators are the
Cummock brothers and other eastern
capitalists. Satisfactory arrangements
have been concluded between the
trustees and the incorporators. Werk
has begun on the foundation of the
mill.
The" lady who teaches the school
near Shephard's farm has great pres
ence of mind, says the Scotia Herald.
These hot days, in the morning, she
places her scholars in a row on the
west side of the schoolhouse, in the
shade, and hears the lessons. In the
afternoon the young idea is moved to
the east side, and the exercises contin
ued. Thus she avoids the heat of tho
school room, and makes comfort for
herself "end her charges. We don't
know whether she is married or not.
Mr. John H. Silvern ail, one of the
teachers at the Kearney reform school.
has reported to Land Commissioner
Steen that the new building on the
grounds of , the institution he repre
sentee was completed. ; This structure
is to be used as a work house and Com
missioner Steen reports that as far as
inspected the work on the edifice is
satisfactory. The bml.Iing 13 70x70
feet and five stories high. It cost $29,
686 and all but $8,011 has alreadv been
paid the contractors, Patterson '& Mc
Lane. In addition to this building a
lull steam neatmg plant nas been put
in that in magnitude is unsurpassed in
the state.
On Friday last Joseph Buchman
brought in a sample of water from his
well, says the North Pl&tte Tribune.
Mr. Buchman lives on section 32,
10-30, three and a half miles northwest
of Wellfeet. About one year ago he
had a well dug, striking water at about
125 feet. The water was so impreg
nated with coal oil, that at first it was
almost impossible to use it, but by
allowing the oil to rise to the top and
skimming it off, the family has man
aged to get along very well, and now
they hava become so used to it that
they don't mind either the smell or the
taste. The water shown us was quite
oily and had a , strong unmistakable
coal oil smell.
CONGRESSIONAL, u
The Senate.
WASHmoTON, July 1. In the senate teday
the senate bill to authorlaa the leasing of
school lands in the territory of Oklahoma
for the benefit of public schools was taken
from the calendar and passed.
Mr. Morgan introduced a bill providing
that no person shall enter any public lands
in Wyoming under the homestead or other
laws who is a bigamist or polygamist, or
who teaches, counsels, aids or encourages
otLers to enter into bigamy or polygamy,
cr who ia a member of any association that
aches polygamy. Bef erred to the com
n lttee on public lands.
A conf ereuee was ordered on the agricul
mral appropriation bill.
The Idaho admission bill was resumed
tnd Mr. Vance spoke ia opposition to It.
The bill tben passed without division.
Ames'&gefrom the house, announcing
I bat it bad resolved to adhere to its die
g reements to the legislative appropriation
r ill as presented by Mr. Dawes of the
onf erence committee, who stated that the
touse declined to confer further.
After a long diBCuseion the senate re
fused to recede from its amendments by a
ote of JJ4 to 19.
The result of this is that unlecs either
f nate or house backs down the legislative
appropriation bill falls and a new bill will
) ave to be reported and go through the
louse.
A motion to reconsider tho vote of the
tmate, however, was made by Mr. Hlecock
nd entered.
Wabhtnotoh, July a In the senate today
Kr. Flumb, from the committee on public
l&nds, reported the senate bill to provide
for the delivery of land patents to their
rightful owners and asked for its Immedi
ate consideration. After some discussion
the bill passed. It directs the secretary of
the Interior to send to the recorder of
deeds in each city in which lands so pat
ented lie lists of land patents in that
county that have been in the general land
office uncalled for for twelve months.
Mr. niecock called up his motion to re
consider the vote by which the senfee yes
terday refused to recede from Its amend
ments to the legislative appropriation dul
'1 he motion was agreed to and attcr debate
t be senate receded, from its amendments.
1 he bill now goes to the president.
The senate proceeded to consideration of
the two senate bills reported from the com
mittee on commerce to place the American
merchant marine engaged in foreign trade
upon an equality witn that of otner na
tions and to provide for an ocean mail
reivice Detween the United States and for
eign ports and to promote commerce.
Mr. Frye said the hret bill was a bounty
on tonnage, and the Becond was known as
a postal subeldy bill. Ho declared that un
less congress did something to aid Ameri
can ships, and that epeediiy, there would
toon not be a single steamship line trav
r sing the ocean carrying the American
flag not one. He was not going to discuss
the tariff in costnectiftn with the bills.
There (referring to the American carrying
trade) was a dead body. He wanted to
a now whether it was worth while to res
urrect it and bring life into it. He could
not understand the innermost thoughts
and feelings of the American citizen who
could listen to a statement of facts about
the foreign carrying trade and not feel an
Jmpul&e to go back once more on the
ccean. where the United States stood in
such a proud, conspicuous position
thirty years ago. The American carrying
trado was deau for want of protection, lc
was the only great American industry for
wfaloh the same could be said. The people
of the United States had paid $ 0,C00,00U a
year to keep alive the sugar growing in
dustry of the United States. Six millions a
year would revive the dead body of the
American merchant marine and keep it on
the ocean.
Mr. Vest addressed the senate in opposi
tion to the subsidy bills, but without Hu
shing his speech he yielded for adjourn
ment. Washihoton, July 3 In the Benate this
morning messages from the presideut
were presented as to the Indian lands in
Kansas; as to postal and cable communica
tion between the United States and the
Latin-American states; as to the celebra
tion of the fourth centennial of the dis
covery of America, and as to the agree
ment between the Cheiokee commission
and the Iowa Indians in the Indian terri
tory. The senate agreed to adjourn from today
until Monday. Senator Plumb offered a
resolution, which was agreed to, calling
u pon the searetary of war for information
as to whether articles were being manu
factured at the national military homes in
competition with private enterprise, and
the reason and authority for it.
Senator Plumb also offered a resolution
calling on the secretary of. the interior to
inform the senate whether he has any
knowledge of a guarantee, actual or pro
posed, by the Union Pacific railroad of
bends or stock of any other corporation,
more especially thoe of the Oregon navi
gation company and Denver & South Park
railroad company has paid ous of its sur
plus earnings or otherwise, the indebted
ness or any part thereof of those or other
companies and if so whether such guaran
tee or payment or both is in accordance
with law and consistent with the obliga
tions of the Union Pacific railroad company
to the United States, and the secretary is
directed to communicate all Information
in the possession of his department
on this matter. This led to an .animated
debato between Senators Edmunds and
Butler in resrard to the failure of tho sen
ate to consider the report.
The marine subsidy appropriation was
then taken up, the discussion being eome
what heated, the cause beirer th reading
of a clipping from the New York Herald of
a Buenos Avers correspondent, who belit
tled the different institutions of the United
States and said that degrees from American
colleges could be obtained for $30. The
bill went over.
The conference repcri on the agricul
tural appropriation bill was presented and
agreed to. The senate at 4:59 adjourned
until monaay next.
Washington, Jnly 7. Dorsey of Nebraska
moved to suspend the rules and pass the
concurrent resolution're questing the pres
ident to return to tho house the bill ex
tending the time of payment to the pur
chaser of the Omaha tribe of Indians in
Nebraska.
Breckenridge of Kentucky made a point
of order that it was not In the power of the
house under the constitution to recall a
bill which had been passed and through
the senate to tne president. The speaker
declined to pass upon the constitutional
question. That was for the house to de
cide. Dorsey Bald the only object in ask
ing the return of the bill was to correct an
error.:'. .-: , "
Rogers of Arkansas said he understood
the fear was that the president would veto
the bill unless it were changed In certain
particulars.
The speaker said similar action had been
taken by both houses so many times it
would be a singular thing for any one to
deny ths right now. He overruled the
point of order.
Oathwaite (Ohio) demanded a second,
and the democrats refusing ro vote left be
house without a quorum. Dorsey tho to
upon withdro the motion. . .
Oa motion af Payson the house went
committee of the whole for conxUera
of the senate bill to forfeit certain lants
heretofore granted for the purpose of aid
ing the construction of railroads with
house subetltue therefor. Payson ex
plained the bill in general. It was pio
pose to forfeit and restore to the publlo
domain all public lands wherever situated
which had been grantod in aid of construc
tion where the railroads had not been com
pleted at this time. There had been thirty
seven roads aided by acts of oon grots
which had not been completed 'Within the
time fixed by congress. Twelve of these
roads had been forfeited, comprising
nearly fifty million acres. That left
twenty-five roads which had not been
acted en. Nine had been fully completed.
That left sixteen roads now uncompleted
and the house substitute recommended the
forfeiture of all lands lying opposite all
such portions of the road as were not now
constructed. It was bis opinion no bill of
a broader character than this could ever
Jiass the senate and become a law. A care
ul estimate was that the bill would re
store 7,510,000 acres to the public domain.
Pending further debate the h ue ad
journed. The House.
Washingtgk, July 1. The house resumed
oonsideratlsn of the federal election bill,
the debate continuing all day and In the
nlgnt until 11:15, when the house ad
journed. - '
Washington, July 8 The houso resumed
consideration of the federal eleotien bill,
tho pending question being on the amend
ment offered by Mr. Tucker of Virginia re
quiring the judge of the olrouit court, as
sociated with the district judge, to pass
upon the applications for supez visors ' of
elections, which was rejected.
After spending considerable time In de
bate, Mr. Springer demanded the reading
of the engrossed bill, which took up two
hours' time. The bill was then voted upon,
resulting In Its passage by yeas 155, nays
149. ... ,
Washington, July S. Mr. Dorsey of Ne
braska aiked consent to offer a resolution
requesting th3 president to return to the
house the bill extending the imo of pay
ment to purchasers of lands of the Omaha
tribe of Indian in Nebraska, but objection
was made. - .
Mr. McComas of Maryland presented a
conference report on tho Diatriotof Oalurs.-
bla appropriation bill- Alter iome debate
and pending a vote on the confererce re
port the house at 11:45 adjourned until
Monday.
WAemKQTOK, July 7. In the senate to
day the congressional report of tho diplo
matic and consular appropriation bill was
agreed to.
Morrill moved to take up tho tariff bill,
saying It could be then laid ' aside Infor
mally until the shipping bills were dis
posed of. The senate refused. Yeas 20,
n&vs 24. ' "
The senate bill to provide for a United
States land court and to provide for' tho
settlement of private land claims in New
Mexico. Wyoming, Arizona. Utah and
Nevada and Colorado wan discussed until
2 o'clock, when it was laid aside wl hout
action ana the shipping bills resumed.
Jaorgau opposed the shipping bills ana
Fryo made some additional remarks in
their support.
Sherman presented the conference re
port on the silver bill. After It wa read
he gave notice he would call it up for ac
tion tomorrow morning.
The Crops In Iowa.
Des Moines, Ia, July 6. This week's bul
letin of the weather crop servlco reports
an average temperature above the normal
and the rainfall deficient except in a few
counties. Corn is making remarkable
progress, being in tassel In the southern
part, and about at a seasonable height
throughout the state. The harvest of win
ter wheat, rye and barley is about com
pleted and haying is in progress under fa-
voraDie conditions. All crops are doing
well except in a few southern counties
where the drought ha? Inlured the oats.
spring train and grass. Three fourths of
the state has sufficient moisture for ' pres
ent necessities. ' ' ,
Farmers ana Laboring Men.
St. Paul, Minn., July 6. Large numbers
of labor representatives and Farmer-' alli
ance men are gathering here for the for
mation of a state federation of labor to
morrow. The meeting has great political
importance, as the farmers and working
men have entered into some sort of a
secret compact for the election of a gov
ernor. The Farmers' alliance has 45.000
members and the various labor assembilep
28,000. These are praotlcally alt. voters.
What they have agreed nnon will not be
divulged until after the Farmers' alliance
Btate convention next Wednesday, but it
Is understood they have aarreed on General
James Baker of Mankato for governor, and
J. r. McGauorhey of Winona, .a leading
labor man, for lieutenant governor. This
combination can defeat Governor Morriam,
but it is Deiievea tne result would be the
election of the democratic candidate.
The Federal Election Bill.
WASHiNanoN, July 7. A committee of
Mahone republicans will meet In this city
on Tuesday and Virginia democrats are
trying to bring influence to induce it to
take action egainst the federal election
bill at.d prevent final action at the prenent
seeeion of congress. It is eigaificant that
the leaieis in the movement to prevent
the bill becoming a law areeoatfceru demo
crats, and it is remarked on every hand
that there aro no republicans interested
against the measure. Telegrams are pour
ing into Washington from every democratic
stronghold telling of opposition to the bill
and detailing the action of mass-meetings
in opposition, but this action appears
simply to solidify the republicans in con
gress and emphasize in their minds the
necessity of passing the bill. It ia pointed
out as singularly significant that there have
been no protests of consequence against
the bill from tither party in the north and
republicans are quoting in public places
with considerable effect the trite sentence,
"a guilty conscience needs no accuser,"
and are declaring as an argument in favor
of the bill that no sooner was Its purposes
and the effect it will have known than the
southern democrats as one man arose in
arms against it and threatened its practi
cal nullification by local feeling if it is
passed. From a democratic point of view,
if it is the purpose to defeat the bill by
popular opposition, it is unfortunate for
the negative side of the question that the
first and only widespread complaint comes
from the locality and people where the
evil is charged and the wrongs which are
to be righted have continually been point
ed out by republicans. This time the dem
ocrats have consulted their hearts rather
than their heads and have succeeded in
getting the cart before the horse. If these
protests continue to come in from south
ern democrats there will be no doubt
about affirmative action on the part of the
senate at this session.
Russian Harvest Prospects.
St. Petebsbuxo. Jnly ' 7. The prosnects
lor harvest throughout the whole cf Russia
are good. '.In the Baltic provinces the pros
pects are exceptionally good.
Cyclone ac Fargo.
St. Paux, Minn., July 7. The Wahpeton
N. D., correspondent of the Pioneer Proas
telegraphs aa follows:
A straight wind from the northwest
struck Forgo at 2:30 a. m. Great damage
was done to the city. The electric light
towers were blown down and whole blocks
unroofed. Magiil A Co. 'a ware house, the
opera house, IU publican office, Keney
block, Battlementon Ban of Kcrth Dakota,
Chapln block. Exchange hotel. Continental
block and the Manitoba freight house were
unroofed and the Milwaukee depot was
blown down. Dozens of small houses wero
raised from their foundations iind almost
every pane of glas on Front ptreet and
Broadway were broken.
The residence of tl-e late Captain McCar
thy, corner of Filth and Ninth, was trnck
by the etorm and demolished. Hoven chil
dren were instantly killed and Urv McCar
thv is not ex pec tod to live.
Two unknown tramps la a box car wero
khled.
The Jay Cook hotel and Grand Pacific at
Moorehead were unroofed.
Cannibalism in tho Sonilan.
London, July 8. Advices have reached
Cairo that tho famine which hai for some
time past prevailed in tho Soudan is In
creasing rapidly. Thousands of natives
are without food of any kind, and the re
ported number of deaths from starvation
is appalling:. . With the reports of this
dreadful state of aff ilrs come horrible
stories of oannlbaltsm, which is also said to
be on the Increase. It was report eu not
long ago that the dead were being eaten
by the famishing survivor?, but the present
bdvioes represent matters as f till worao. It
la now asserted that large number of men,
women and children are deliberately put
to death that they ay serve as foo 4 for
their frenrled companions. Italief has
been extended to these unoaopy poople as
far as possible. Vut not sufficiently to al ay
th terrible suffering in the interior settle
ments, whioh are' beyond roach.
The Original Package Substitute
mil,
Wa8HISoton, July 5 The friends of the
proposed substitute for the Wileon original
paokage bill reported by the house judici
ary commit tco expect to call up that meas
ure next wook and hope to pus it Sen
ator Wilson says of the substitute that ho
fears it is unnecessarily wide in its scope,
audit is said that Speaker Reed favors
only a measure restricted to intoxicating
liquors. The bill meets with considerable
objection on recount of it? vtry much en
larged scope, and deeplte the oontideut
claims of its friends thero is more than a
reasonable doubt cf Its pa&nae. a me&hure
similar in it far-reaching effect was pro
posed in the senato, but it was generally
agreed that it would be much wiser to corn
fine leglelation exclusively to tho importa
tion of intoxicating liquor in orlgiual
packages, so that even if the substltuta
should pass tho houte it would bs amended
to its original shape in the senate and a
long and tedious conference wouid emue
whlci might jeopardize all legislation on
the subject.
The Indians are Jubilant.
CnAjiBEBLAiN, 8. D., July 4. The Lower
Brule Indians are highly pleased over the
refeult of the rebent protest aebinnt tho
government surveyors who' aro now en
gaged In running the boundary lines of
their reservation. A short time ago the
Indians made a complaint that tho new
survey did not give ihem the land to which
they are entitled. Tne prlncl al causa of
complaint was in regard to tha southern
boundary of their lauds they claiming that
the line was located three miles north of
the proper point.
The Sioux bill, under whioh the Sioux
reservation was opened to settlement, re
quires that the couth lino of the Brule res
ervation shall be on a direct line west from
old Fort Lookout The ruins of this old
fort are nearly obliterated, and this fact
caused the mis take The surveyor general
wa appealed to and he has jont nunceeded
in finding the oorreot location of tiie fort,
and it was, a claimed by the Iudlans, taree
miles south of the point from which the
surveyors commenced work. Another line
will be established and the Indians will re
qelve jOPsesslon of the strip claimed by
them. The contested tbreo-foile strip cou
talns extensive coat Holds which will noi
belong to the Indians.
The Nicaragua Canal.
New Yobk, July 4. -A. O. Menocal, chief
engineer of the Nicaragua Canal, arrived
yesterday from Nicaragua. A -reporter
aeked him absut the progress of the work
on the oanal and the published reports of
general sickness among the employee. lie
said: Work is progressing rapid; y. Qroj
town harbor is deep enough now to receive
vessels of more than moderate tonnage
and very soon larger ones can o in eaUy.
All these reports of sickness and destitu
tion in Nicaragua are untrue. We have
some five hundred or fix hundred men at
work on the oanal at Grey town and .there
will be no cessation during the summer.
The story that many people are ' starving
and unable to get work is a pure fabrica
tion. We are making baste slowly. We do
not propose to have another Panama canal
fiasco. Instead of spending millions for
fine houses and conveniences for ofitccte
and contractors and doing llttlo on tho
canal we are beginning to devote eur ener
gies to tbe main thing, via: digging tba
canal. Tho oanal will be in operation in
five or seven years and big ships will bo
paseing through it dally."
Tern flic Powder explosion.
ScoTsruvEN, To., July 5. A keg contain
ing fifty pounds of powdrr exploded in
August Smith's grocery store a; Induetry
this evening, Injuring seven children, four
fatally. The explosion was caused jy
sparks from a fire craoker lgnitlDg the
powder. The store waa a resort for child
ren and at the time of the accident a largo
number were present firing crackers. Tho
Sowder exploded with terrific force, lifting
le building, which was a two etory struct
ure, from its foundation and wrecking it
completely. August Trulth, Jr. , nged f oar .
teen years, was burned to a crisp. John
Branner, aged ten, George Koplcr, aared
eight, and Willie Kopler, eged six, were
fatally injured. Three others were badly
burned, but will recover. Several kega of
powder were stored in the cellar and a
horrible calamity -was averted by tho
prompt work of the neighbors lu ex
tinguishing the fire.
The Alaskan Boundary.
St. Paul, Minn., July 3. Word has
reached Winnipeg from the Iludeon Uay
fort In the Mackenzie river country oon
firming the report that a remeasurement
by Amerioan surveyors of the Alaskan
boundary shows It to be twsnty-eigbt
miles further east than heretofore sup
posed. This places Forty Mile , creek and
the rich gold districts of. that country in
Amerioan territory. The Hudson Bay
company will have to abandon Fort B im
part house, whioh by the new demarcation
of the boundary is within United Stateu
territory.
5 i